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Elective induction labor

Kelly Yamasato, Pai-Jong Stacy Tsai, Marguerite Bartholomew, Marsha Durbin, Chieko Kimata, Bliss Kaneshiro
Elective delivery from 37 to 39 weeks gestation (early-term deliveries) is a Joint Commission National Quality Measure, and hospitals report on early-term elective delivery rates through Outcome Research Yields Excellence (ORYX) vendors. The objective of this study was to compare early-term elective deliveries, identified through ORYX vendors with those identified through manual chart review, the traditional method of medical record review. We reviewed early-term labor inductions and cesarean deliveries at a single hospital from June 1, 2010 to May 31, 2012...
December 2016: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
Vincenzo Zanardo, Martina Bertin, Laura Sansone, Laura Felice
BACKGROUND: Labor induction has been associated with breastfeeding suppression, but reasons for why this association exists have not been well determined. METHODS: We examined the influence of elective labor induction by vaginal prostaglandin at gestational week 41(+3)days on affective, cognitive, and behavioural adaptations early in puerperium and on breastfeeding pattern at 1 and 3months. RESULTS: One hundred and eighty consecutive puerperae were assigned to two groups: mothers having received vaginal prostaglandin E2 gel (Prepidil®, dinoprostone) before labor (PGE group, n=90) and mothers having received no treatment (unmedicated group, n=90)...
November 30, 2016: Early Human Development
Jonathan M Snowden, Ifeoma Muoto, Blair G Darney, Brian Quigley, Mark W Tomlinson, Duncan Neilson, Steven A Friedman, Joanne Rogovoy, Aaron B Caughey
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of Oregon's hard-stop policy limiting early elective deliveries (before 39 weeks of gestation) and the rate of elective early-term inductions and cesarean deliveries and associated maternal-neonatal outcomes. METHODS: This was a population-based retrospective cohort study of Oregon births between 2008 and 2013 using vital statistics data and multivariable logistic regression models. Our exposure was the Oregon hard-stop policy, defined as the time periods prepolicy (2008-2010) and postpolicy (2012-2013)...
December 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Louise Marie Roth
Tort laws aim to deter risky medical practices and increase accountability for harm. This research examines their effects on deterrence of a high-risk obstetric practice in the United States: elective early-term (37-38 weeks gestation) induction of labor. Using birth certificate data from the Natality Detail Files and state-level data from publicly available sources, this study analyzes the effects of tort laws on labor induction with multilevel models (MLM) of 665,491 early-term births nested in states. Results reveal that caps on damages are associated with significantly higher odds of early-term induction and Proportionate Liability (PL) is associated with significantly lower odds compared to Joint and Several Liability (JSL)...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
Sara Tavares, João Cavaco-Gomes, Marina Moucho, Milton Severo, Mário Mateus, Carla Ramalho, Gerard H A Visser, Nuno Montenegro
Objective The objective of this study was to assess possible day-night differences in perinatal and maternal labor outcomes in a hospital setting with no day-night differences in the presence of experienced medical staff. Design This was a retrospective study conducted over 5 years between 2008 and 2012. Setting This study was set at the obstetric delivery unit in a tertiary hospital. Population A total of 9,143 singleton deliveries were assessed after 34 weeks of gestation and after exclusion of major congenital malformations, inductions of labor, and elective cesarean sections...
October 27, 2016: American Journal of Perinatology
P Rozenberg
Macrosomic fetuses are at increased risk of obstetric complications, and notably shoulder dystocia, responsible for a severe neonatal morbidity. In case of fetal macrosomia, three options are: (i) the elective cesarean delivery, but this is recommended only when the estimated fetal weight is≥4500g for diabetic women and 5000g for non-diabetic women; (ii) the expectative management, but children with birth weight≥4500 had significantly increased risk of perinatal mortality, neonatal asphyxia, trauma, and cesarean delivery; (iii) the induction of labor which, reducing the possibility of fetal growth, reduce the risk of cesarean delivery for cephalopelvic disproportion and shoulder dystocia...
November 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
Amy C Hermesch, Amanda A Allshouse, Kent D Heyborne
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and the onset of parturition throughout gestation. METHODS: This was a secondary analysis of the Maternal-Fetal Medicine Units Network Preterm Prediction Study. Time-to-spontaneous-birth-event (ie, "survival") methods were used to study the association of BMI with the timing of spontaneous onset of labor throughout gestation with indicated births censored at delivery. A Kaplan-Meier estimate of the probability of spontaneous labor was compared with a log rank test across five categories of BMI (kg/m): underweight (less than 18...
November 2016: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Rinat Gabbay-Benziv, Amir Aviram, Eran Hadar, Rony Chen, Ron Bardin, Arnon Wiznitzer, Yariv Yogev
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate pregnancy outcome following false diagnosis of fetal growth restriction (FGR). METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all singleton term deliveries of appropriately grown fetuses (10-90th weight percentiles) in a single medical center (2007-2014). Elective cesarean-section, diabetes, and hypertension were excluded. Cohort was stratified based on third trimester sonographic estimated-fetal-weight (≥32 weeks). Women with false diagnosis FGR (<10th percentile) were compared with the rest (control)...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
L He, M Chen, G L He, X X Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence and pregnant outcome on vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC). METHODS: From January 2005 to December 2015, clinical data of 507 cases with VBAC in West China Second Hospital were studied retrospectively. There were 370 cases of VBAC from January 2013 to December 2015 as study group (VBAC group), in contrast, 740 cases of elective repeat cesarean section (ERCS group) and 740 primiparas of vaginal delivery without history of cesarean section as control groups, the pregnancy outcome were analyzed between the study group and control groups respectively...
August 25, 2016: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Xin Y Foo, Ristan M Greer, Sailesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of maternal body mass index on intrapartum and neonatal outcomes at one of the largest maternity hospitals in Australia. METHODS: A retrospective cross-sectional study of 55,352 term singleton deliveries at the Mater Mothers' Hospital in Brisbane, Australia, was conducted. The study cohort was stratified into six groups based on the World Health Organization's body mass index classification. The normal body mass index category was the reference group for all comparisons...
December 2016: Birth
H Feist, C von Kaisenberg, K Hussein
BACKGROUND: Prematurely born children show a clearly elevated risk for perinatal morbidity, long-term pediatric morbidities and development of chronic diseases in adulthood compared to babies born at term. The pathoanatomical investigation of placentas from preterm births is useful for assessing the etiology, the risk of recurrence and the prognosis for the child. AIMS: The focus is on presenting the clinical and pathoanatomical characteristics of acute chorioamnionitis as a frequent cause of preterm induction of labor and pregnancy-induced hypertension, in particular preeclampsia as a frequent reason for elective cesarean section...
June 2, 2016: Der Pathologe
Myrthe J C S Peelen, Brenda M Kazemier, Anita C J Ravelli, Christianne J M De Groot, Joris A M Van Der Post, Ben W J Mol, Petra J Hajenius, Marjolein Kok
INTRODUCTION: Fetal gender is associated with preterm birth; however, a proper subdivision by onset of labor and corresponding neonatal outcome by week of gestation is lacking. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from the Netherlands Perinatal Registry (1999-2010) were used to calculate relative risk ratios for gender by week of gestation and gender-related risk on adverse neonatal outcomes using a moving average technique. White European women with an alive fetus at onset of labor were included...
September 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Tetsuya Kawakita, Uma M Reddy, Helain J Landy, Sara N Iqbal, Chun-Chih Huang, Katherine L Grantz
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a known risk factor for cesarean delivery. Limited data are available regarding the reasons for the increased rate of primary cesarean in obese women. It is important to identify the factors leading to an increased risk of cesarean to identify opportunities to reduce the primary cesarean rate. OBJECTIVE: We evaluated indications for primary cesarean across body mass index (kg/m(2)) classes to identify the factors contributing to the increased rate of cesarean among obese women...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Justin R Lappen, David N Hackney, Jennifer L Bailit
BACKGROUND: The prevailing obstetric practice of planned cesarean delivery for triplet gestations is largely empiric and data on the optimal route of delivery are limited. OBJECTIVE: The primary objectives of this study are to determine the likelihood of success in an attempted vaginal delivery and assess maternal and neonatal outcomes of attempted vaginal vs planned cesarean delivery of triplets using a multiinstitution obstetric cohort. STUDY DESIGN: We performed a retrospective cohort study using data from the Consortium on Safe Labor, identifying triplet pregnancies with delivery at a gestational age ≥28 weeks...
October 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
James M Nicholson, Lisa C Kellar, Shahla Ahmad, Ayesha Abid, Jason Woloski, Nadine Hewamudalige, George F Henning, Julianne R Lauring, Serdar H Ural, Jerome L Yaklic
BACKGROUND: More than a decade ago an obstetric directive called "the 39-week rule" sought to limit "elective" delivery, via labor induction or cesarean delivery, before 39 weeks 0 days of gestation. In 2010 the 39-week rule became a formal quality measure in the United States. The progressive adherence to the 39-week rule throughout the United States has caused a well-documented, progressive reduction in the proportion of term deliveries occurring during the early-term period. Because of the known association between increasing gestational age during the term period and increasing cumulative risk of stillbirth, however, there have been published concerns that the 39-week rule-by increasing the gestational age of delivery for a substantial number of pregnancies-might increase the rate of term stillbirth within the United States...
May 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Batel Hamou, Tamar Wainstock, Salvatore Andrea Mastrolia, Ruthy Beer-Weisel, Orna Staretz-Chacham, Doron Dukler, Tal Rafaeli-Yehudai, Moshe Mazor, Offer Erez
INTRODUCTION: The route of delivery and the role of induction of labor in twin gestations are controversial. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of induction of labor in twin gestations. METHODS: This retrospective population based cohort study included 4605 twin gestations divided into following groups: 1) spontaneous parturition (n = 2937, 63.78%); 2) induction of labor (n = 653, 14.2%) and 3) elective cesarean delivery (n = 1015, 22...
December 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Cheryl Roth, Sarah A Dent, Sheryl E Parfitt, Sandra L Hering, R Curtis Bay
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of peanut ball use on duration of first stage labor and pushing time in women who were scheduled for elective induction of labor at ≥39 weeks gestation and planning an epidural. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled trial, women having labor induction and planning a labor epidural were assigned (1:1) to one of two groups: one group used a peanut ball and one group did not. Outcome variables were time spent in first stage labor and time spent pushing...
May 2016: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
Joana Goulão Barros, Inês Reis, Isabel Pereira, Nuno Clode, Luís M Graça
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of fetal weight prediction by ultrasonography labor employing a formula including the linear measurements of femur length (FL) and mid-thigh soft-tissue thickness (STT). METHODS: We conducted a prospective study involving singleton uncomplicated term pregnancies within 48 hours of delivery. Only pregnancies with a cephalic fetus admitted in the labor ward for elective cesarean section, induction of labor or spontaneous labor were included...
January 2016: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
Nathaniel R Miller, Rebecca L Cypher, Lisa M Foglia, Jason A Pates, Peter E Nielsen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the elective induction of labor in nulliparous women with an unfavorable cervix affects the cesarean delivery rate. METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial at a tertiary care medical center. Nulliparous woman between 38 0/7 and 38 6/7 weeks of gestation who were least 18 years of age with a singleton gestation and a Bishop score of 5 or less were randomized to elective induction of labor or expectant management. The induction of labor group was induced within 1 week of enrollment but not before 39 0/7 weeks of gestation...
December 2015: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Gulbahtiyar Demirel, Handan Guler
AIMS: The present research study was conducted with the objective of determining the effect of uterine and nipple stimulation on induction with oxytocin and the birth process. METHODS: A randomized controlled experiment was conducted at the maternity ward of a state hospital located in the province of Sivas in Turkey. Three hundred ninety pregnant women who were giving birth via vaginal delivery were randomly assigned to three groups (nipple stimulation, uterine stimulation, control)...
October 2015: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
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