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Testosterone enhancing

Noelia Morales-Prieto, Julia Ruiz-Laguna, David Sheehan, Nieves Abril
The use of DDT (1,1,1-trichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl) ethane) in some countries, although regulated, is contributing to an increased worldwide risk of exposure to this organochlorine pesticide or its derivative p,p'-DDE [1,1-dichloro-2,2-bis(p-chlorophenyl) ethylene]. Many studies have associated p,p'-DDE exposure to type 2 diabetes, obesity and alterations of the reproductive system, but their molecular mechanisms of toxicity remain poorly understood. We have addressed this issue by using commercial microarrays based on probes for the entire Mus musculus genome to determine the hepatic transcriptional signatures of p,p'-DDE in the phylogenetically close mouse species Mus spretus...
March 16, 2018: Environmental Pollution
Lisa Wagels, Mikhail Votinov, Thilo Kellermann, Albrecht Eisert, Cordian Beyer, Ute Habel
Testosterone affects human social behavior in various ways. While testosterone effects are generally associated with muscular strength and aggressiveness, human studies also point towards enhanced status-seeking motives after testosterone administration. The current study tested the causal influence of exogenous testosterone on male behavior during a competitive provocation paradigm. In this double blind, randomized, placebo (PL)-controlled study, 103 males were assigned to a PL or testosterone group receiving a colorless PL or testosterone gel...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
Yuko Arita, Michael Kirk, Neha Gupta, Ramkumar Menon, Darios Getahun, Morgan R Peltier
OBJECTIVE: Tributyltin (TBT) is a persistent pollutant but its effects on placental function are poorly understood as are its possible interactions with infection. We hypothesized that TBT alters the production of sex hormones and biomarkers for inflammation and neurodevelopment in an infection-dependent manner. METHODS: Placental explant cultures were treated with 0-5000 nM TBT in the presence and absence of Escherichia coli. A conditioned medium was harvested and concentrations of steroids (progesterone, P4; testosterone, T and estradiol, E2) as well as biomarkers of inflammation [interleukin (IL)-1β (IL-1β), tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α), IL-10, IL-6, soluble glycoprotein 130 (sgp-130) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1)], oxidative stress [8-iso-prostaglandin (8-IsoP)] and neurodevelopment [brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)] were quantified...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
Zeinab Khoobbakht, Mehrdad Mohammadi, Mohammad Roostaei-Ali Mehr, Fahimeh Mohammadghasemi, Mohammad Mehdi Sohani
The objective was to examine the effect of different dietary zinc sources on reproduction of male Japanese quail. A total of 512 quail chicks (day-old) were divided into four groups with four replications for a period of 42 days. After this period, excess chicks were removed to attain the ratio of one male to three females and 16 quail in each subgroup. At 52 to 60 d of age, the eggs were collected and incubated. The basal diet (control) contained no zinc and the other three experimental diets were supplemented with 25 and 50 mg/kg zinc from zinc oxide (ZnO), zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnONP) and zinc-methionine (Zn-Met) for 1 to 35 and 36 to 60 days, respectively...
February 23, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
W T Farmer, G W Louis, A R Buckalew, D R Hallinger, T E Stoker
Triclosan (TCS) is an antibacterial widely used in personal care products that exhibits endocrine disrupting activity in several species, with reports of altered thyroid, estrogen and androgen signaling pathways. To evaluate the androgenic mode of action, TCS was evaluated for androgen receptor mediated effects in the Hershberger assay and for altered androgen synthesis in the H295R steroidogenesis assay. In the Hershberger assay, prepubertal castrated males were dosed by oral gavage for 10 days with corn oil (vehicle) or TCS (50 or 200 mg/kg/day) in the presence or absence of testosterone proprionate (TP, 0...
March 1, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Rune Rasmussen, Mette Midttun, Tine Kolenda, Anne-Mette Ragle, Thea Winther Sørensen, Anders Vinther, Bo Zerahn, Maria Pedersen, Karsten Overgaard
BACKGROUND: Fall accidents are a major cause of mortality among the elderly and the leading cause of traumatic brain injury. After a fall, many elderly people never completely recover and need help in coping with everyday life. Due to the increasing older population in the world, injuries, disabilities, and deaths caused by falls are a growing worldwide problem. Muscle weakness leads to greatly increased risk of falling, decreased quality of life, and decline in functional capacity. Muscle mass and muscle power decrease about 40% from age 20 to 80 years, and the level of testosterone decreases with age and leads to impaired muscle mass...
March 2, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Zhihui Jiang, Bo Zhou, Xinping Li, Gordon M Kirby, Xiaoying Zhang
Male infertility is a major health issue with an estimated prevalence of 4.2% of male infertility worldwide. Our early work demonstrated that Cistanche extracts protect against sperm damage in mice and that echinacoside (ECH) is one of the major active components. Here we report an essential role for ECH, a natural product that reverses or protects against oligoasthenospermia in rats. ECH was assayed by HPLC, the quantity and quality of sperm was evaluated and hormone levels were determined by radioimmunosorbent assay...
March 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Hamid Rashtbari, Mazdak Razi, Hassan Hassani-Bafrani, Hamed Najaran
BACKGROUND: Varicocele is present in 10-20% of the male infertile population. PURPOSE: Present study was done to demonstrate the reinforcing effect of berberine (BBR), as an antioxidant and anti-inflammatory agent, on Sertoli cells-related niche and spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) self-renewal in experimentally-induced VCL condition. STUDY DESIGN: 50 mature male Wistar rats were divided into control, control-sham, non-treated VCL-induced, 50 mg kg-1 and 100 mg kg-1 BBR-treated VCL-induced groups...
February 1, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Veera Mohana Rao Kakita, Kanaka Mahalakshmi Jerripothula, Sahithya Phani Babu Vemulapalli, Jagadeesh Bharatam
JHH scalar couplings carry rich structural information and their measurements are fundamental in the1 H NMR based elucidation of small and medium molecules, which, however are hampered in the presence of large J-coupling network. Further, enhanced spectral resolution is often essential for precise determination of a specific set of1 H-1 H J-couplings amongst the complex J-multiplets. In the light of the recent advancements in homodecoupling pure shift strategies, here we report absorption mode, band-selective refocused pure shift spin-echo (BSR-PSSE) method, which helps in determining1 H-1 H J-couplings from crowded spectral regions...
February 27, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Chemistry: MRC
Elena Vorona, Eberhard Nieschlag
Despite the fact that sports organizations and legislators have introduced various mechanisms to discourage athletes from using performance and appearance enhancing substances a high percentage of athletes admits to their unabated application. In competitive athletics, bodybuilding and in recreational sports anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) continue to be the substances most abused. This review summarizes the side effects of AAS abuse on organs and system functions in both sexes. High doses of AAS cause a significant increase of erythrocytes und haemoglobin concentration, which may lead to thromboembolism, intracardiac thrombosis and stroke...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Endocrinologica
Edwin D Lephart
Estrogens are known to have protective and favorable influences on skin health; conversely, androgens oppose the actions of estrogens. Estrogen's chemical messages are transmitted via the classical nuclear hormone estrogen receptors (ER) alpha and beta and the rapid-acting G-coupled membrane estrogen receptor. Androgens [both testosterone and 5α-dihydrotestosterone (5α-DHT)] bind the same androgen receptor. Estrogen levels peak in the mid- to late 20s in women and then decline by 50% by 50 years of age and dramatically decrease further after menopause...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Yoshitaka Sekine, Hiroshi Nakayama, Yoshiyuki Miyazawa, Haruo Kato, Yosuke Furuya, Seiji Arai, Hidekazu Koike, Hiroshi Matsui, Yasuhiro Shibata, Kazuto Ito, Kazuhiro Suzuki
Statins have become of interest in research due to their anticancer effects. However, the exact mechanism of their anticancer properties remains unclear. The authors previously reported that statins decrease intracellular cholesterol levels in androgen-independent prostate cancer cells. In de novo androgen synthesis, cholesterol is the primary material and certain enzymes have important roles. The present study aimed to determine whether simvastatin alters the expression of androgen synthesis-associated enzymes in androgen-independent prostate cancer cells...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Yuanyuan Wu, Pengfen Li, Dan Zhang, Yingpu Sun
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common gynecological endocrine disorder, which results in health problems such as menstrual disorders, hyperandrogenism and persistent anovulation. Hyperandrogenism and insulin resistance are the basic characteristics of PCOS. To investigate the combined effect of metformin and pioglitazone on POCS and the potential mechanisms, a rat model of PCOS was established by intramuscular injection of estradiol valerate (EV). The effect of metformin and pioglitazone monotherapy or combination therapy in control rats and PCOS rats was evaluated, involving the testosterone level, follicular development and insulin resistance...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Hamed Vakilzadeh, Jaleh Varshosaz, Mohsen Minaiyan
INTRODUCTION: Triptorelin the synthetic analog of gonadotrophin-releasing hormone is used for treatment of sex hormone dependent diseases via parenteral administration. The aim of the present study was investigation the possibility of triptorelin pulmonary delivery and preparation of a pulmonary nanocarrier delivery system for it. METHODS: Triptorelin was loaded in Pluronic-F127 grafted poly (methyl vinyl ether-alt-maleic acid) nanomicelles by direct dissolution method...
February 8, 2018: Current Drug Delivery
Anika Engel, Thorsten Buhrke, Stefanie Kasper, Anne-Cathrin Behr, Albert Braeuning, Sönke Jessel, Albrecht Seidel, Wolfgang Völkel, Alfonso Lampen
DINCH® (di-isononyl cyclohexane-1,2-dicarboxylate) is a non-phthalate plasticizer that has been developed to replace phthalate plasticizers such as DEHP (di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate) or DINP (di-isononyl phthalate). DINCH® is metabolized to its corresponding monoester and subsequently to oxidized monoester derivatives. These are conjugated to glucuronic acid and subject to urinary excretion. In contrast to DINCH®, there are almost no toxicological data available regarding its primary and secondary metabolites...
February 5, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Éva Pál, Leila Hadjadj, Zoltán Fontányi, Anna Monori-Kiss, Zsuzsanna Mezei, Norbert Lippai, Attila Magyar, Andrea Heinzlmann, Gellért Karvaly, Emil Monos, György Nádasy, Zoltán Benyó, Szabolcs Várbíró
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vitamin D deficiency (VDD) is a global health problem, which can lead to several pathophysiological consequences including cardiovascular diseases. Its impact on the cerebrovascular system is not well understood. The goal of the present work was to examine the effects of VDD on the morphological, biomechanical and functional properties of cerebral arterioles. METHODS: Four-week-old male Wistar rats (n = 11 per group) were either fed with vitamin D deficient diet or received conventional rat chow with per os vitamin D supplementation...
2018: PloS One
Han Na Park, Ji Hyun Lee, Sung-Kwan Park, Sun Young Baek, Yong-Moon Lee, Hoil Kang
Synthetic hair-growth compounds have been illegally used in diverse products to enhance the short-term efficacy of these products. In this study, a rapid and simultaneous method for the determination of hair-growth compounds in adulterated products based on ultra high pressure liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) was developed and validated. The limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantitation (LOQs) of the method were 0.08-43.6ng/mL and 0.27-145ng/mL for the solid-, liquid-, and cream-type samples, respectively...
January 8, 2018: Forensic Science International
A Arangasamy, M Venkata Krishnaiah, N Manohar, S Selvaraju, P R Guvvala, N M Soren, I J Reddy, K S Roy, J P Ravindra
Attainment of puberty in animals is dependent on their age, body weight, nutritional status, genetic and environmental conditions. Nutritionally, organic minerals are suggested to improve semen production, sperm motility and male fertility. In this context, role of organic zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) in advancing male puberty and semen characters in Osmanabadi goats were studied. Forty one (n = 41) bucks (Aged 5 months) were divided into ten groups and the dietary treatments comprised of a control group (basal diet; without additional trace mineral supplementation) and nine treatment groups that received, in addition to the basal diet, various doses of trace minerals (mg) on per kg dry matter basis, organic Zn as low Zn20, medium Zn40 and high Zn60, organic Cu as low Cu12...
February 3, 2018: Theriogenology
Xiaoyan Pan, Xiyan Wang, Xuenan Wang, Wansheng Zhang, Zhanxuan Sun, Xuanxuan Liang, Xue Zhang, Wenjun Li, Zhixin Li
The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential protective effects of new Wenshen Shengjing Decoction (new WSSJD; including Cornu Cervi Nippon Parvum, Panax ginseng, Cynomorium songaricum, Cistanche deserticola, Radix Astragali, Epimedium brevicornum and Angelica sinensis) on cyclosporine-induced impairment of testosterone synthesis and spermatogenic apoptosis in mice. A total of 90 adult male Kunming mice were divided into the following 6 groups: Control (no intervention), dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO; received only DMSO), cyclosporine A (CsA), clomifene citrate (CC; CsA + CC, 15 mg/kg/day), WSSJD (CsA + WSSJD, crude drug 12 g/kg/day) and new WSSJD (CsA + new WSSJD, crude drug 12 g/kg/day)...
January 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Nicolas Bourdillon, Sasan Yazdani, Masih Nilchian, Alessio Mariano, Jean-Marc Vesin, Grégoire P Millet
OBJECTIVES: Heart rate variability (HRV) is commonly used to diagnose overreaching and monitor athletes' responses to training. Baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) is modified by changes in training load and might be another means to detect overreaching. The goal of this study was to assess BRS and HRV changes in two groups of athletes responding either negatively (FOR) or positively (AF) to similar training overload. DESIGN: Fifteen athletes performed 2-week baseline (BSL) training followed by 3-week overload (+45%; OVL) and 2-week recovery (-20%; RCV)...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
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