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Psychosocial interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742867/assessing-unmet-needs-in-patients-with-cancer-an-investigation-of-differential-item-functioning-of-the-needs-evaluation-questionnaire-across-gender-age-and-phase-of-the-disease
#1
Francesca Chiesi, Andrea Bonacchi, Caterina Primi, Guido Miccinesi
OBJECTIVE: The main aim of this study was to provide evidence of the broad employability of the NEQ with patients of different gender and age with cancer in different phases of the disease and care process, using an Item Response Theory (IRT) approach and investigating Differential Item Functioning (DIF). METHODS: The NEQ was completed by 762 patients visiting, consecutively, outpatient clinics or admitted to oncology wards. Patients included in the study had different primary tumor sites and were in different phases of the disease and care process...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739018/prediction-effects-of-personal-psychosocial-and-occupational-risk-factors-on-low-back-pain-severity-using-artificial-neural-networks-approach-in-industrial-workers
#2
Ebrahim Darvishi, Hassan Khotanlou, Jamshid Khoubi, Omid Giahi, Neda Mahdavi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to provide an empirical model of predicting low back pain (LBP) by considering the occupational, personal, and psychological risk factor interactions in workers population employed in industrial units using an artificial neural networks approach. METHODS: A total of 92 workers with LBP as the case group and 68 healthy workers as a control group were selected in various industrial units with similar occupational conditions. The demographic information and personal, occupational, and psychosocial factors of the participants were collected via interview, related questionnaires, consultation with occupational medicine, and also the Rapid Entire Body Assessment worksheet and National Aeronautics and Space Administration Task Load Index software...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738833/anxiety-and-depression-among-infertile-women-a-cross-sectional-survey-from-hungary
#3
Enikő Lakatos, Judit F Szigeti, Péter P Ujma, Réka Sexty, Piroska Balog
BACKGROUND: Infertility is often associated with a chronic state of stress which may manifest itself in anxiety-related and depressive symptoms. The aim of our study is to assess the psychological state of women with and without fertility problems, and to investigate the background factors of anxiety-related and depressive symptoms in women struggling with infertility. METHODS: Our study was conducted with the participation of 225 (134 primary infertile and 91 fertile) women, recruited in a clinical setting and online...
July 24, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738832/systematic-mapping-review-of-the-factors-influencing-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-ethnic-minority-groups-in-europe-a-dedipac-study
#4
REVIEW
Lars Jørun Langøien, Laura Terragni, Gro Rugseth, Mary Nicolaou, Michelle Holdsworth, Karien Stronks, Nanna Lien, Gun Roos
BACKGROUND: Physical activity and sedentary behaviour are associated with health and wellbeing. Studies indicate that ethnic minority groups are both less active and more sedentary than the majority population and that factors influencing these behaviours may differ. Mapping the factors influencing physical activity and sedentary behaviour among ethnic minority groups living in Europe can help to identify determinants of physical activity and sedentary behaviour, research gaps and guide future research...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736541/hallucinations-in-healthy-older-adults-an-overview-of-the-literature-and-perspectives-for-future-research
#5
REVIEW
Johanna C Badcock, Hedwige Dehon, Frank Larøi
KEY POINTS ➢ Studies suggest a substantial minority of healthy older adults have hallucinatory experiences, in line with existing evidence on hallucinations in other age groups, though it is still unclear if hallucination prevalence increases or declines with age in older cohorts.➢ Stigma attached to both hallucinations and ageing leads to considerable under-reporting of these experiences in healthy older adults and may negatively bias how professionals, family members, and the public respond.➢ Why and when hallucinations in healthy older adults remit, persist, or progress to other clinical disorders remains poorly understood...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736455/using-kaizen-to-improve-employee-well-being-results-from-two-organizational-intervention-studies
#6
Ulrica von Thiele Schwarz, Karina M Nielsen, Terese Stenfors-Hayes, Henna Hasson
Participatory intervention approaches that are embedded in existing organizational structures may improve the efficiency and effectiveness of organizational interventions, but concrete tools are lacking. In the present article, we use a realist evaluation approach to explore the role of kaizen, a lean tool for participatory continuous improvement, in improving employee well-being in two cluster-randomized, controlled participatory intervention studies. Case 1 is from the Danish Postal Service, where kaizen boards were used to implement action plans...
August 2017: Human Relations; Studies Towards the Integration of the Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735371/identifying-symptoms-of-distress-in-youth-living-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-nf1
#7
Lori Wiener, Haven Battles, Sima Zadeh Bedoya, Andrea Baldwin, Brigitte C Widemann, Maryland Pao
Children and adolescents with Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) are at increased risk for wide-ranging behavioral, developmental, and cognitive impairments and decreased quality of life. To date, no psychosocial screening tool has been developed to quickly assess the symptoms that 1) can be addressed during routine medical appointments in children with NF1, 2) can produce interpretable and actionable results, 3) can be integrated into medical care, and 4) can quickly identify patients at risk in order to better address that the provision of appropriate care are available...
July 23, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734937/longitudinal-examination-of-resilience-after-traumatic-brain-injury-a-traumatic-brain-injury-model-systems-study
#8
Jennifer H Marwitz, Adam P Sima, Jeffrey S Kreutzer, Laura E Dreer, Thomas F Bergquist, Ross Zafonte, Douglas Johnson-Greene, Elizabeth R Felix
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the trajectory of resilience during the first year following a moderate-severe TBI, factors associated with resilience at 3, 6 and 12-months post-injury, and changing relationships over time between resilience and other factors. DESIGN: Longitudinal analysis of an observational cohort. SETTING: Five inpatient rehabilitation centers. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with TBI (N = 195) enrolled in the resilience module of the TBI Model Systems study with data collected at 3, 6, and 12-month follow-up...
July 19, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734559/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-written-self-administered-psychosocial-interventions-among-adults-with-a-physical-illness
#9
REVIEW
Sylvie D Lambert, Lisa Beatty, Patrick McElduff, Janelle V Levesque, Catalina Lawsin, Paul Jacobsen, Jane Turner, Afaf Girgis
OBJECTIVE: The cost of implementing professionally-led psychosocial interventions has limited their integration into routine care. To enhance the translation of effective psychosocial interventions in routine care, a self-administered format is sometimes used. The meta-analysis examined the efficacy of written self-administered, psychosocial interventions to improve outcomes among individuals with a physical illness. METHODS: Studies comparing a written self-administered intervention to a control group were identified through electronic databases searching...
July 8, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734167/mindfulness-practice-moderates-the-relationship-between-craving-and-substance-use-in-a-clinical-sample
#10
Matthew C Enkema, Sarah Bowen
Relapse following treatment for substance use disorders is highly prevalent, and craving has been shown to be a primary predictor of relapse. Mindfulness-Based Relapse Prevention (MBRP) is a psychosocial aftercare program integrating mindfulness and cognitive-behavioral approaches, aimed at reducing the risk and severity of relapse. Results from a recent randomized clinical trial demonstrate enhanced remission resilience for MBRP participants versus both cognitive-behavioral and treatment-as-usual controls...
June 29, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734089/dementia-risk-and-prevention-by-targeting-modifiable-vascular-risk-factors
#11
REVIEW
Sana Tariq, Philip A Barber
The incidence of dementia is expected to double in the next 20 years and will contribute to heavy social and economic burden. Dementia is caused by neuronal loss that leads to brain atrophy years before symptoms manifest. Currently, no cure exists and extensive efforts are being made to mitigate cognitive impairment in late life in order to reduce the burden on patients, caregivers, and society. The most common type of dementia, Alzheimer's disease (AD), and vascular dementia (VaD) often co-exists in the brain and shares common, modifiable risk factors, which are targeted in numerous secondary prevention trials...
July 22, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733697/perspectives-of-newly-diagnosed-advanced-cancer-patients-receiving-dignity-therapy-during-cancer-treatment
#12
Ann Marie Dose, Lori M Rhudy
PURPOSE: Dignity therapy is a psychosocial intervention that has been used primarily at the end of life to improve quality of life and other patient outcomes, but many individuals are unable to complete it due to health decline and death. The purpose of this study was to identify what individuals with advanced pancreatic or lung cancer with limited life expectancy, undergoing active cancer treatment describe during the dignity therapy intervention as important to them when not immediately facing end of life...
July 21, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732716/clinical-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes
#13
Kristal Anne Matlock, Nana-Hawa Yayah Jones, Sarah Dawn Corathers, Jessica Christine Kichler
PURPOSE: This study delineates clinical and psychosocial characteristics of adolescents with type 1 diabetes and suicidal ideation (SI) and reports clinical and psychosocial outcomes after mental health intervention (safety assessment and brief in-clinic intervention). METHODS: Adolescents aged 13-17 years with type 1 diabetes completed the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) from January 2011 to 2012. Youth with significant depressive symptoms and/or SI endorsement underwent mental health intervention...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732496/accuracy-and-determinants-of-perceived-hiv-risk-among-young-women-in-south-africa
#14
Brendan Maughan-Brown, Atheendar S Venkataramani
BACKGROUND: HIV risk perceptions are a key determinant of HIV testing. The success of efforts to achieve an AIDS-free generation - including reaching the UNAIDS 90-90-90 target - thus depends critically on the content of these perceptions. We examined the accuracy of HIV-risk perceptions and their correlates among young black women in South Africa, a group with one of the highest HIV incidence rates worldwide. METHODS: We used individual-level longitudinal data from the Cape Area Panel Study (CAPS) from 2005 to 2009 on black African women (20-30 years old in 2009) to assess the association between perceived HIV-risk in 2005 and the probability of testing HIV-positive four years later...
July 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731778/a-pharmacologic-algorithm-for-youth-who-are-at-high-risk-for-bipolar-disorder
#15
Christopher D Schneck, Kiki D Chang, Manpreet K Singh, Melissa P DelBello, David J Miklowitz
OBJECTIVE: Depression and brief periods of manic symptoms are linked to a significant risk of progression to bipolar disorder (BD) in children who have a first-degree relative with BD I or II. However, little evidence exists to guide the pharmacologic management of children with these high-risk phenotypes. We propose a pharmacological treatment algorithm for high-risk youth and present results on its use in a study of children with a first-degree relative with BD. METHODS: Subjects were 40 youth (mean 12...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730301/biopsychosocial-factors-predict-quality-of-life-in-thoracolumbar-spine-surgery
#16
Dean A Tripp, Edward Abraham, Maude Lambert, Kate Wagg, Erin Bigney, Eden Daly, Phylicia Verreault, Neil Manson
PURPOSE: Surgical intervention is a treatment option for various spinal pathology but many patients report no improvement or even an exacerbation of symptoms like pain. This study examined the association of preoperative (pre-op) biopsychosocial risk factors with poor quality of life at 2 and 6 months using hierarchical models controlling demographic and medical variables. METHOD: Participants undergoing thoracolumbar spine surgery (N = 214) were provided with questionnaire packages to complete pre-op, at 2 and at 6-month postoperative clinical follow-ups (i...
July 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730300/health-related-quality-of-life-in-paediatric-patients-with-congenital-heart-defects-association-with-the-type-of-heart-defect-and-the-surgical-technique
#17
A Heusch, H J Kahl, K O Hensel, G Calaminus
The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of a number of surgical interventions for a various congenital cardiac defects (CHDs) on self-reported HRQoL. METHODS: Patients who had received corrective surgery of several congenital heart defects (surgical VSD closure, Fallot, TGA after atrial or arterial switch or Fontan-type circulation for univentricular AV-connection) were interviewed in the office of their home peadiatric cardiologist. HRQoL in children along 7 dimensions was assessed using a standardised questionnaire (PEDQoL); information on the medical case history of each respondent was also collected...
July 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729357/association-between-maternal-childhood-trauma-and-offspring-childhood-psychopathology-mediation-analysis-from-the-alspac-cohort
#18
Dominic T Plant, Fergal W Jones, Carmine M Pariante, Susan Pawlby
BackgroundStudies have shown that a mother's history of child maltreatment is associated with her child's experience of internalising and externalising difficulties.AimsTo characterise the mediating pathways that underpin this association.MethodData on a mother's history of child maltreatment, depression during pregnancy, postnatal depression, maladaptive parenting practices and her child's experience of maltreatment and internalising and externalising difficulties were analysed in an Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) sample of 9397 mother-child dyads followed prospectively from pregnancy to age 13...
July 20, 2017: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729304/effectiveness-of-the-management-of-major-depressive-episodes-disorder-in-adults-with-comorbid-chronic-physical-diseases-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Pablo Martínez, Ariel Castro, Diego Alonso, Paul A Vöhringer, Graciela Rojas
INTRODUCTION: Depression is a global-scale public health problem, and a significant association has been established between depression and chronic physical diseases. This growing comorbidity poses a challenge to healthcare systems. We aim to assess the effectiveness of the management of major depressive episodes/disorder in adults with comorbid chronic physical diseases. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials...
July 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729145/anxiety-among-adolescent-survivors-of-pediatric-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Glynnis A McDonnell, Christina G Salley, Marie Barnett, Antonio P DeRosa, Rachel S Werk, Allison Hourani, Alyssa B Hoekstra, Jennifer S Ford
PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to synthesize current knowledge about anxiety among adolescent survivors of pediatric cancer and highlights areas for future research. METHODS: Systematic literature searches were conducted in five databases for articles published anytime before December 28, 2015. Manuscripts were reviewed by a team of six coders. Included manuscripts reported outcomes relevant to anxiety, worry, and post-traumatic stress in survivors of pediatric cancer (age at the time of study: 10-22 years) who were off treatment...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
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