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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103266/adherence-to-prophylaxis-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-severe-haemophilia-a-quantitative-study-with-patients
#1
Sandra B van Os, Nick A Troop, Keith R Sullivan, Daniel P Hart
INTRODUCTION: haemophilia is an inherited bleeding disorder caused by a deficiency in one of the blood coagulation factors. For people affected by severe haemophilia, the deficiency can cause spontaneous internal bleeding. Most young people with severe haemophilia in the UK follow a preventative treatment regimen (prophylaxis) consisting of several intravenous injections of factor concentrate each week. There is good evidence that prophylaxis reduces bleeds whilst also improving quality of life...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102908/addressing-critical-gaps-in-the-treatment-of-eating-disorders
#2
REVIEW
Alan E Kazdin, Ellen E Fitzsimmons-Craft, Denise E Wilfley
Remarkable progress has been made in developing psychosocial interventions for eating disorders and other mental disorders. Two priorities in providing treatment consist of addressing the research-practice gap and the treatment gap. The research-practice gap pertains to the dissemination of evidence-based treatments from controlled settings to routine clinical care. Closing the gap between what is known about effective treatment and what is actually provided to patients who receive care is crucial in improving mental health care, particularly for conditions such as eating disorders...
January 19, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102860/psychological-interventions-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-and-inflammatory-bowel-diseases
#3
Sarah Ballou, Laurie Keefer
Psychological interventions have been designed and implemented effectively in a wide range of medical conditions, including Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) and Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IBD). The psychological treatments for IBS and IBD with the strongest evidence base include: cognitive behavioral therapy, hypnosis, and mindfulness-based therapies. The evidence for each of these therapies is reviewed here for both IBS and IBD. In general, there is a stronger and larger evidence base to support the use of psychological interventions in IBS compared with IBD...
January 19, 2017: Clinical and Translational Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102621/editorial-perspective-effective-mental-health-and-psychosocial-interventions-for-children-and-adolescents-in-street-situations
#4
EDITORIAL
Cynthia Watters
Children and adolescents in street situations (CASS) in low- and middle-income countries (LAMIC) could arguably be regarded as the most at-risk group of children for mental health and psychosocial impairments compared with any other group of children. CASS, street-connected children and street children are some of the terms used to describe this group of children who have some association with the street; such as living, working or loitering for long periods of time on the street. These children are often described as 'voiceless'; a vulnerable group of children who experience a considerable amount of adversity from a young age...
February 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101793/substance-use-disorders-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-dangerous-but-understudied-combination
#5
REVIEW
Kimberly N Walter, Julie A Wagner, Eda Cengiz, William V Tamborlane, Nancy M Petry
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This paper reviews research on substance use and disorders (SUDs) among adults with diabetes. It describes epidemiological data on SUDs in persons with type 2 diabetes, overviews effects of substance use on diabetes outcomes, and discusses treatments for SUDs in patients with diabetes. RECENT FINDINGS: Rates of current smoking range from 10 to 26% and alcohol use disorders are 0-5%. Rates of illicit SUDs are 3-4%, but there are no population-based studies using nationally representative samples...
January 2017: Current Diabetes Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099475/development-of-a-patient-centred-psychosocial-support-intervention-for-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-mdr-tb-care-in-nepal
#6
Sudeepa Khanal, Helen Elsey, Rebecca King, Sushil C Baral, Bharat Raj Bhatta, James N Newell
Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) poses a major threat to public health worldwide, particularly in low-income countries. The current long (20 month) and arduous treatment regime uses powerful drugs with side-effects that include mental ill-health. It has a high loss-to-follow-up (25%) and higher case fatality and lower cure-rates than those with drug sensitive tuberculosis (TB). While some national TB programmes provide small financial allowances to patients, other aspects of psychosocial ill-health, including iatrogenic ones, are not routinely assessed or addressed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099228/transitioning-to-second-line-antiretroviral-therapy-among-adolescents-in-copperbelt-province-zambia-predictors-of-treatment-switching-and-adherence-to-second-line-regimens
#7
Randy M Stalter, Patrick Katayamoyo, Catherine Packer, Harry Banda, Pai-Lien Chen, Jonathan K Mwansa, Donna R McCarraher, Julie A Denison
BACKGROUND: Adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV) experience less favorable antiretroviral therapy (ART) outcomes than other age groups. First-line treatment failure complicates ART management as second-line regimens can be costlier and have greater pill burdens. Understanding predictors of switching ART regimens and adherence among adolescents on second-line ART may help to prevent poor treatment outcomes. METHODS: A quantitative survey was administered to 309 ALHIV attending three ART clinics in the Copperbelt Province, Zambia...
January 16, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097793/living-with-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-challenges-for-people-with-heart-failure
#8
Shadi Dehghanzadeh, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Shokoh Varaei, Jalal Kheirkhah
The number of people with heart failure requiring implantation of a cardiac resynchronization device is increasing in Iran. Although this intervention is an effective life-saving treatment, several challenges are associated with patients' lifestyle after insertion. This study identified the challenges and coping mechanisms of Iranians with heart failure living with cardiac resynchronization therapy. A qualitative approach using conventional content analysis was adopted. Seventeen people with heart failure and three nurses were recruited between December 2014 and November 2015 from a teaching hospital and a private clinic in Rasht, Iran...
January 18, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097626/peer-mentors-delivering-a-physical-activity-intervention-for-cancer-survivors-effects-among-mentors
#9
Bernardine M Pinto, Shira Dunsiger, Kevin Stein, Chelsey Kamson
To further inform implementation efforts of a telephone-based physical activity (PA) intervention for breast cancer survivors, we assessed the PA, fatigue, mood, and quality of life of the peer mentors/coaches who delivered the program. The coaches were volunteers with the American Cancer Society's Reach to Recovery program. The coaches (n = 18) delivered the PA intervention to 76 breast cancer survivors in a randomized controlled trial. Coaches completed assessments of PA (self-report), motivational readiness for PA, and standardized measures of psychosocial variables at the start of coaching and at study exit...
January 17, 2017: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097515/distress-is-interdependent-in-patients-and-caregivers-with-newly-diagnosed-incurable-cancers
#10
Jamie M Jacobs, Kelly M Shaffer, Ryan D Nipp, Joel N Fishbein, James MacDonald, Areej El-Jawahri, William F Pirl, Vicki A Jackson, Elyse R Park, Jennifer S Temel, Joseph A Greer
BACKGROUND: Individuals with advanced, incurable cancer often experience high physical and psychological symptom burden. Family and friend caregivers are at risk for emotional distress. PURPOSE: The aim of the study is to investigate the interrelationship of distress in patient-caregiver dyads at the time of newly diagnosed incurable cancer. METHODS: From May 2011 to July 2015, within 8 weeks of diagnosis of advanced lung or noncolorectal gastrointestinal cancer, 350 patients and 275 family caregivers were enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of early palliative care...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097514/cumulative-risk-exposure-and-waist-circumference-in-preschool-aged-children-the-mediating-role-of-television-and-moderating-role-of-sex
#11
Anna H Grummon, Amber Vaughn, Deborah J Jones, Dianne S Ward
BACKGROUND: Children exposed to multiple stressors are more likely to be overweight, but little is known about the mechanisms explaining this association. PURPOSE: This cross-sectional study examined whether children exposed to multiple stressors had higher waist circumference, and whether this association was mediated through children's television time. METHODS: Participants were 319 parent-child dyads. Children were 2-5 years old and had at least one overweight parent (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m(2))...
January 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097173/contributing-factors-to-high-risk-sexual-behaviors-among-iranian-adolescent-girls-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Zainab Alimoradi, Nourossadat Kariman, Masoumeh Simbar, Fazlollah Ahmadi
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is a period of overwhelming changes and challenges, which expose the adolescents to high-risk behaviors. Risky sexual relationship is one of these behaviors that entails physical risks and psychosocial harms. Various factors have been recognized to shape sexual behaviors in adolescents. This paper is an attempt to investigate the factors contributing to high-risk sexual behaviors in Iranian adolescent girls. METHODS: A literature review of the research published by Iranian authors, in Farsi or English language in local and foreign journals, was conducted using PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, Scientific Information Database (SID), IranMedex, IranDoc, and Google Scholar...
January 2017: International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096008/the-effect-of-progressive-muscle-relaxation-on-glycated-hemoglobin-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#13
Tahereh Najafi Ghezeljeh, Maryam Kohandany, Fateme Hagdoost Oskouei, Mojtaba Malek
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of Jacobson's progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) levels and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). BACKGROUND: Due to relatively poor HRQoL in patients with type 2 DM, different stress reduction techniques was applied to improve physical and mental health in these patients. METHODS: This randomized controlled clinical trial was conducted at the Diabetes and Endocrinology Institute of Firoozgar Hospital, Tehran, Iran, between June and December 2015...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095941/preparation-for-the-end-of-life-and-life-completion-during-late-stage-lung-cancer-an-exploratory-analysis
#14
Gail Adorno, Cara Wallace
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to explore preparation for the end of life (EoL) and life closure among persons with advanced metastatic lung cancer. Understanding quality of life through the lens of preparation and completion is important since the trajectory of lung cancer can be relatively short, often leading to application of cancer-directed therapies near death without the opportunity for advance planning or palliative care. Clinical research is needed to understand the kinds of distress specific to older adults with advanced lung cancer that are amendable to palliative care interventions...
January 18, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095871/a-systematic-review-of-psychosocial-therapies-for-children-with-rheumatic-diseases
#15
Ezra M Cohen, Alessio Morley-Fletcher, Darshan H Mehta, Yvonne C Lee
BACKGROUND: To assess the quality of evidence for the effects of psychosocial therapies on pain and function in children with rheumatic diseases. METHODS: We conducted a literature search of MEDLINE and PsycINFO for randomized clinical trials of psychosocial interventions for pain and disability in children with rheumatic diseases from January 1969 to September 2015. Studies with a sample size less than 10 subjects were excluded. Study quality was assessed using the Jadad score...
January 17, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095811/an-integrated-recovery-oriented-model-irm-for-mental-health-services-evolution-and-challenges
#16
Barry G Frost, Srinivasan Tirupati, Suzanne Johnston, Megan Turrell, Terry J Lewin, Ketrina A Sly, Agatha M Conrad
BACKGROUND: Over past decades, improvements in longer-term clinical and personal outcomes for individuals experiencing serious mental illness (SMI) have been moderate, although recovery has clearly been shown to be possible. Recovery experiences are inherently personal, and recovery can be complex and non-linear; however, there are a broad range of potential recovery contexts and contributors, both non-professional and professional. Ongoing refinement of recovery-oriented models for mental health (MH) services needs to be fostered...
January 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095791/a-person-centred-and-thriving-promoting-intervention-in-nursing-homes-study-protocol-for-the-u-age-nursing-home-multi-centre-non-equivalent-controlled-group-before-after-trial
#17
David Edvardsson, Karin Sjögren, Qarin Lood, Ådel Bergland, Marit Kirkevold, Per-Olof Sandman
BACKGROUND: The literature suggests that person-centred care can contribute to quality of life and wellbeing of nursing home residents, relatives and staff. However, there is sparse research evidence on how person-centred care can be operationalised and implemented in practice, and the extent to which it may promote wellbeing and satisfaction. Therefore, the U-Age nursing home study was initiated to deepen the understanding of how to integrate person-centred care into daily practice and to explore the effects and meanings of this...
January 17, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095565/successful-treatment-of-rhinophyma-with-fractionated-carbon-dioxide-co2-laser-in-an-african-american-man-case-report-and-review-of-literature-of-fractionated-co2-laser-treatment-of-rhinophyma
#18
Ekaterina Kraeva, Derek Ho, Jared Jagdeo
Rhinophyma, a late complication of rosacea (phymatous subtype), is a chronic, progressive dermatological condition. The classic pre- sentation of rhinophyma is nodular, thickened skin over the distal nose, and is often accompanied by underlying erythema secondary to in ammation. Due to the unpleasant aesthetic and dis guring appearance, rhinophyma may be associated with a signi cant nega- tive psychosocial impact, resulting in decreased patient quality-of-life. Treatment of rhinophyma is challenging as topical and systemic pharmacotherapies have shown limited ef cacy...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094664/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-active-book-clubs-in-cancer-survivors-an-explorative-investigation
#19
Nanna Maria Hammer, Lisbeth Kofoed Egestad, Susanne Grøn Nielsen, Eik Bjerre, Christoffer Johansen, Ingrid Egerod, Bernardine Pinto, Julie Midtgaard
BACKGROUND: While the increasing number of people surviving cancer is promising, the long-term health effects warrant broad, innovative interventions. We investigated the feasibility and acceptability of a 24-week intervention called 'Active Book Club' comprising audio book listening, pedometer walking and supervised book club meetings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exploratory and descriptive design was applied. Qualitative data included baseline and post-intervention focus group interviews as well as post-intervention individual interviews...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093423/medical-and-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-antibiotic-prescribing-in-primary-care-survey-questionnaire-and-factor-analysis
#20
Tau-Hong Lee, Joshua Gx Wong, David Cb Lye, Mark Ic Chen, Victor Wk Loh, Yee-Sin Leo, Linda K Lee, Angela Lp Chow
BACKGROUND: Acute upper respiratory infections (AURI) are the leading causes of antibiotic prescribing in primary care although antibiotics are often not indicated. AIM: To gain an understanding of the knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) of GPs in Singapore and the associated latent factors to guide the implementation of an effective programme to reduce antibiotic use in primary care. DESIGN AND SETTING: An anonymous survey on the KAP of antibiotic use in AURI of GPs in Singapore...
January 16, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
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