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Psychosocial interventions

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792564/cognitive-and-behavioral-resilience-among-young-gay-and-bisexual-men-living-with-hiv
#1
Sophia A Hussen, Gary W Harper, Caryn R R Rodgers, Jacob J van den Berg, Nadia Dowshen, Lisa B Hightow-Weidman
PURPOSE: HIV/AIDS disproportionately affects young gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (Y-GBMSM). Resilience remains understudied among Y-GBMSM living with HIV, but represents a potentially important framework for improving HIV-related outcomes in this population. We sought to explore cognitive and behavioral dimensions of resilience and their correlates among Y-GBMSM to gain insights to inform future interventions. METHODS: Our study sample consisted of 200 Y-GBMSM living with HIV enrolled in a multisite study of the Adolescent Medicine Trials Network for HIV/AIDS Interventions (ATN)...
August 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792521/problematic-video-gaming-in-a-young-spanish-population-association-with-psychosocial-health
#2
Carlos Buiza-Aguado, Araceli Alonso-Canovas, Celia Conde-Mateos, Juan Jose Buiza-Navarrete, Douglas Gentile
Problematic video gaming (PVG) is a concern for psychologists attending children and adolescents. Uniform diagnostic criteria are lacking, and risk factors are poorly understood. Internet gaming disorder (IGD) was included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), and scales derived from its diagnostic criteria may be helpful to assess PVG. A multicenter study was conducted in secondary schools using an IGD-derived scale (dichotomous Nine-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale [IGD-9]), analyzing PVG-related variables...
May 24, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792461/teamwork-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#3
Jennifer N Ervin, Jeremy M Kahn, Taya R Cohen, Laurie R Weingart
Intensive care units (ICUs) provide care to the most severely ill hospitalized patients. Although ICUs increasingly rely on interprofessional teams to provide critical care, little about actual teamwork in this context is well understood. The ICU team is typically comprised of physicians or intensivists, clinical pharmacists, respiratory therapists, dieticians, bedside nurses, clinical psychologists, and clinicians-in-training. ICU teams are distinguished from other health care teams in that they are low in temporal stability, which can impede important team dynamics...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791730/integration-of-parenting-and-nutrition-interventions-in-a-community-health-program-in-pakistan-an-implementation-evaluation
#4
Aisha K Yousafzai, Muneera A Rasheed, Saima Siyal
Policy and program implementers require evidence on whether integrated psychosocial stimulation and nutrition interventions can be effectively delivered at-scale, how, and at what cost? To address some of these issues, a comprehensive evaluation of implementation was designed for a trial in Pakistan that integrated psychosocial stimulation and nutrition interventions in a community health service. The first objective was to describe, analyze, and assess the quality and accuracy of the implementation of the interventions...
May 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791514/high-prevalence-of-syndemic-health-problems-in-patients-seeking-post-exposure-prophylaxis-for-sexual-exposures-to-hiv
#5
Steven A Morrison, Deborah Yoong, Trevor A Hart, Paul MacPherson, Isaac Bogoch, Vishalini Sivarajah, Kevin Gough, Mark Naccarato, Darrell H S Tan
INTRODUCTION: The standard clinical approach to non-occupational HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (nPEP) focuses on biomedical aspects of the intervention, but may overlook co-occurring or 'syndemic' psychosocial problems that reinforce future vulnerability to HIV. We therefore sought to determine the prevalence of syndemic health problems in a cohort of Ontario nPEP patients, and explored the relationship between syndemic burden and HIV risk. METHODS: Between 07/2013-08/2016, we distributed a self-administered questionnaire to patients presenting to three clinics in Toronto and Ottawa seeking nPEP for sexual HIV exposures...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791510/the-importance-of-manager-support-for-the-mental-health-and-well-being-of-ambulance-personnel
#6
Katherine Petrie, Aimée Gayed, Bridget T Bryan, Mark Deady, Ira Madan, Anita Savic, Zoe Wooldridge, Isabelle Counson, Rafael A Calvo, Nicholas Glozier, Samuel B Harvey
Interventions to enhance mental health and well-being within high risk industries such as the emergency services have typically focused on individual-level factors, though there is increasing interest in the role of organisational-level interventions. The aim of this study was to examine the importance of different aspects of manager support in determining the mental health of ambulance personnel. A cross-sectional survey was completed by ambulance personnel across two Australian states (N = 1,622). Demographics, manager support and mental health measures were assessed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791230/assessing-anxiety-and-depression-in-cancer-patients
#7
Fiona Milligan, Fe Martinez, SohSoha Hassan Mohd Abdel Aal, Samah Abdelrehim Ahmed, Beverly Joby, Jean Sultan Matalam, Sujala Sukumaran Nair, Anthony De Leon Maxion, Safia Sayed, Soji Samson Melepeedikayil
BACKGROUND: empirical evidence suggests that anxiety and depression in cancer patients is underdiagnosed and subsequently this patient population receives little or no support or intervention to address their psychosocial needs. It is often difficult to distinguish between normal emotional distress experienced following a cancer diagnosis and anxiety and depression, which can have a significant impact on coping mechanisms and subsequent outcomes. AIM: a qualitative study using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was undertaken in the National Centre for Cancer Care and Research in Qatar...
May 24, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790073/effect-of-low-back-pain-risk-stratification-strategy-on-patient-outcomes-and-care-processes-the-match-randomized-trial-in-primary-care
#8
Dan Cherkin, Benjamin Balderson, Rob Wellman, Clarissa Hsu, Karen J Sherman, Sarah C Evers, Rene Hawkes, Andrea Cook, Martin D Levine, Diane Piekara, Pam Rock, Katherine Talbert Estlin, Georgie Brewer, Mark Jensen, Anne-Marie LaPorte, John Yeoman, Gail Sowden, Jonathan C Hill, Nadine E Foster
BACKGROUND: The STarT Back strategy for categorizing and treating patients with low back pain (LBP) improved patients' function while reducing costs in England. OBJECTIVE: This trial evaluated the effect of implementing an adaptation of this approach in a US setting. DESIGN: The Matching Appropriate Treatments to Consumer Healthcare needs (MATCH) trial was a pragmatic cluster randomized trial with a pre-intervention baseline period. Six primary care clinics were pair randomized, three to training in the STarT Back strategy and three to serve as controls...
May 22, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789211/distress-thermometer-for-preoperative-screening-of-patients-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#9
Juliana-Theresa Schell, Andrea Petermann-Meyer, Anita Kloss-Brandstätter, Alexander K Bartella, Mohammad Kamal, Frank Hölzle, Bernd Lethaus, Jan Teichmann
In this study, we evaluate the association between distress, various demographic and medical variables, and the prevalence of psychosocial distress in preoperative patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma. A total of 100 consecutive patients were recruited into the study and asked to complete the Distress Thermometer (DT) form with the Problem List questionnaire prior to surgical intervention; the average distress score was 5.7 ± 2.7. The distress score was neither correlated with age (r = -0.025; p = 0...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789017/leveraging-routine-clinical-materials-and-mobile-technology-to-assess-cbt-fidelity-the-innovative-methods-to-assess-psychotherapy-practices-imapp-study
#10
Shannon Wiltsey Stirman, Luana Marques, Torrey A Creed, Cassidy A Gutner, Robert DeRubeis, Paul G Barnett, Eric Kuhn, Michael Suvak, Jason Owen, Dawne Vogt, Booil Jo, Sonja Schoenwald, Clara Johnson, Kera Mallard, Matthew Beristianos, Heidi La Bash
BACKGROUND: Identifying scalable strategies for assessing fidelity is a key challenge in implementation science. However, for psychosocial interventions, the existing, reliable ways to test treatment fidelity quality are often labor intensive, and less burdensome strategies may not reflect actual clinical practice. Cognitive behavioral therapies (CBTs) provide clinicians with a set of effective core elements to help treat a multitude of disorders, which, evidence suggests, need to be delivered with fidelity to maximize potential client impact...
May 22, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788969/psychosocial-predictors-for-outcome-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-prospective-comparison-of-hip-and-knee-arthroplasty
#11
Marion Lindner, Olaf Nosseir, Anett Keller-Pliessnig, Per Teigelack, Martin Teufel, Sefik Tagay
BACKGROUND: As findings regarding predictors for good outcome after total joint arthroplasty are highly inconsistent, aim of this study was to investigate the influence of the psychosocial variables sense of coherence and social support as well as mental distress on physical outcome after surgery. It should be investigated if different predictors are important in patients after total hip arthroplasty (THA) compared to patients after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: In a prospective design, 44 patients undergoing THA and 61 patients undergoing TKA were examined presurgery and 6 and 12 weeks after surgery using WOMAC (disease-specific outcome), SF-36 (health-related quality of life), BSI (psychological distress), SOC-13 (sense of coherence), and F-SozU (social support)...
May 22, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787612/psychosocial-needs-of-young-breast-cancer-survivors-in-mexico-city-mexico
#12
Harper G Hubbeling, Shoshana M Rosenberg, Maria Cecilia González-Robledo, Julia G Cohn, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Ann H Partridge, Felicia M Knaul
OBJECTIVE: Young breast cancer survivors in Mexico face distinct psychosocial challenges that have not been characterized. This study aims to describe the psychosocial needs of young breast cancer survivors in Mexico at 5 or more years of survivorship, identifying areas of focus for early interventions. METHODS: Breast cancer patients diagnosed at age 40 or prior with 5 or more years since diagnosis were invited to participate in one-on-one 30-60 minute semi-structured audio-recorded interviews at the Instituto Nacional de Cancerología in Mexico City...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787594/is-community-led-total-sanitation-connected-to-the-rebuilding-of-latrines-quantitative-evidence-from-mozambique
#13
Hans-Joachim Mosler, Sebastian Mosch, Miriam Harter
To reduce open defecation, many implementers use the intervention strategies of Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS). But CLTS focuses on latrine construction and does not include latrine maintenance and repair damage or collapse. Some households rebuild their latrine while others return to open defecation. The reasons why are unknown. Using data from a cross-sectional survey, this article shows how physical, personal, and social context factors and psychosocial factors from the RANAS model are associated with CLTS participation, and how these factors connect to latrine rebuilding...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785836/facing-death-alone-or-together-investigating-the-interdependence-of-death-anxiety-dysfunctional-attitudes-and-quality-of-life-in-patient-caregiver-dyads-confronting-lung-cancer
#14
Bobo Hi-Po Lau, Daniel F K Wong, Y L Fung, Jillian Zhou, Cecilia L W Chan, Amy Y M Chow
BACKGROUND: Based on the cognitive theory, anxiety arising from the awareness of death and dying may activate dysfunctional attitudes, which may then reduce quality of life. This study examined the interdependence and the mediating role of dysfunctional attitudes on the relationship between death anxiety and quality of life among patients with lung cancer and their caregivers. METHODS: From March 2016 to April 2017, 173 pairs of patients and their caregivers enrolled in a randomized controlled trial of psychosocial support...
May 21, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785706/goal-striving-stress-is-associated-with-chronic-kidney-disease-among-participants-in-the-jackson-heart-study
#15
Loretta R Cain, LáShauntá Glover, Bessie Young, Mario Sims
OBJECTIVE: Research that assesses the relationship between psychosocial factors and chronic kidney disease (CKD) among African Americans (AAs) is limited. Using the Jackson Heart Study (JHS) cohort data, we investigated the association of goal-striving stress (GSS)-the stress experienced from not reaching goals-with prevalent CKD among AAs. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional analysis of JHS exam 1 data that assessed the relationship between GSS and CKD. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: We utilized a sample from the JHS (n = 4967), an AA sample of women and men, 35-84 years old from the Jackson, MS metro area...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784895/bullying-among-tunisian-middle-school-students-the-prevalence-psychosocial-associated-factors-and-perceived-involvement-of-parents-teachers-and-classmates
#16
Jihene Sahli, Menel Mellouli, Meriam El Ghardallou, Manel Limam, Mouna Gallas, Asma Ammar, Ali Mtiraoui, Thouraya Nebli Ajmi, Chekib Zedini
BACKGROUND: Bullying is a serious public health concern remarkably common among youth. Involvement in bullying can lead to deleterious effect on the emotional well-being of pupils. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of bullying, its psychosocial associated factors and the perceived involvement of parents, teachers, and classmates to counteract this behavior. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted this study in 2015 among a representative multistage sample of 1584 students enrolled in middle schools in the Region of Sousse using the revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784140/telephone-follow-up-after-treatment-for-endometrial-cancer-a-qualitative-study-of-patients-and-clinical-nurse-specialists-experiences-in-the-endcat-trial
#17
S Williamson, K Beaver, A Gardner, P Martin-Hirsch
PURPOSE: Endometrial cancer is the sixth most common female cancer worldwide. There is little evidence that routine hospital surveillance increases survival or decreases morbidity following treatment. Gynaecology Oncology clinical nurse specialists (CNSs) are ideally placed to provide the care, information and support to enable women with a gynaecological cancer to self-manage and live well. A multi-centre randomised controlled trial (RCT) compared hospital follow-up (HFU) with telephone follow-up (TFU) by CNSs...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784061/understanding-developmental-language-disorder-the-helsinki-longitudinal-sli-study-helsli-a-study-protocol
#18
Marja Laasonen, Sini Smolander, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Miika Leminen, Hanna-Reetta Lajunen, Kati Heinonen, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Todd M Bailey, Emmanuel M Pothos, Teija Kujala, Paavo H T Leppänen, Christopher W Bartlett, Ahmed Geneid, Leena Lauronen, Elisabet Service, Sari Kunnari, Eva Arkkila
BACKGROUND: Developmental language disorder (DLD, also called specific language impairment, SLI) is a common developmental disorder comprising the largest disability group in pre-school-aged children. Approximately 7% of the population is expected to have developmental language difficulties. However, the specific etiological factors leading to DLD are not yet known and even the typical linguistic features appear to vary by language. We present here a project that investigates DLD at multiple levels of analysis and aims to make the reliable prediction and early identification of the difficulties possible...
May 21, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784044/work-stress-prevention-needs-of-employees-and-supervisors
#19
Bo M Havermans, Evelien P M Brouwers, Rianne J A Hoek, Johannes R Anema, Allard J van der Beek, Cécile R L Boot
BACKGROUND: Work stress prevention can reduce health risks for individuals, as well as organisational and societal costs. The success of work stress interventions depends on proper implementation. Failure to take into account the needs of employees and supervisors can hinder intervention implementation. This study aimed to explore employee and supervisor needs regarding organisational work stress prevention. METHODS: Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with employees (n = 7) and supervisors (n = 8) from different sectors, such as the finance, health care, and services industry...
May 21, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783936/identifying-and-assessing-the-benefits-of-interventions-for-postnatal-depression-a-systematic-review-of-economic-evaluations
#20
Binu Gurung, Louise J Jackson, Mark Monahan, Ruth Butterworth, Tracy E Roberts
BACKGROUND: Economic evaluations of interventions for postnatal depression (PND) are essential to ensure optimal healthcare decision-making. Due to the wide-ranging effects of PND on the mother, baby and whole family, there is a need to include outcomes for all those affected and to include health and non-health outcomes for accurate estimates of cost-effectiveness. This study aimed to identify interventions to prevent or treat PND for which an economic evaluation had been conducted and to evaluate the health and non-health outcomes included...
May 21, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
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