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Psychological treatment of addiction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432902/ayahuasca-s-entwined-efficacy-an-ethnographic-study-of-ritual-healing-from-addiction
#1
Piera Talin, Emilia Sanabria
BACKGROUND: A range of studies has demonstrated the efficacy of the psychoactive Amazonian brew ayahuasca in addressing substance addiction. These have revealed that physiological and psychological mechanisms are deeply enmeshed. This article focuses on how interactive ritual contexts support the healing effort. The study of psychedelic-assisted treatments for addiction has much to gain from ethnographic analyses of healing experiences within the particular ecologies of use and care, where these interventions are rendered efficacious...
April 19, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429582/obesity-and-addiction-can-a-complication-of-surgery-help-us-understand-the-connection
#2
REVIEW
V Ivezaj, L E Stoeckel, N M Avena, S C Benoit, A Conason, J F Davis, A N Gearhardt, R Goldman, J E Mitchell, C N Ochner, K K Saules, K J Steffen, E Stice, S Sogg
Obesity is a multifactorial, chronic disease that has proven difficult to treat. An increased understanding of aetiological mechanisms is critical to the development of more effective obesity prevention and treatment strategies. A growing body of empirical evidence has demonstrated parallels between obesity, overeating and substance abuse, including shared behavioural, psychological and neurophysiological factors implicated in the excessive intake of both food and substances of abuse. Several different lines of research have recently emerged that hold the potential to shed light on the connection between obesity, food reward and addiction, with studies examining changes in alcohol use/misuse after weight loss surgery providing a particularly interesting perspective on these interrelationships...
April 21, 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425778/meditation-awareness-training-for-the-treatment-of-workaholism-a-controlled-trial
#3
William Van Gordon, Edo Shonin, Thomas J Dunn, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Marcelo M P Demarzo, Mark D Griffiths
Background and aims Workaholism is a form of behavioral addiction that can lead to reduced life and job satisfaction, anxiety, depression, burnout, work-family conflict, and impaired productivity. Given the number of people affected, there is a need for more targeted workaholism treatments. Findings from previous case studies successfully utilizing second-generation mindfulness-based interventions (SG-MBIs) for treating behavioral addiction suggest that SG-MBIs may be suitable for treating workaholism. This study conducted a controlled trial to investigate the effects of an SG-MBI known as meditation awareness training (MAT) on workaholism...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421573/-forensic-flexible-assertive-community-treatment-client-characteristics-and-treatment-outcomes
#4
L Neijmeijer, J Verwoerd, M van Vugt, C Place, H Kroon
BACKGROUND: (Flexible) Assertive community treatment ((f)act) is applied increasingly to forensic psychiatric clients. However, evidence about the effectiveness of forensic (f)act is scanty. AIM: To investigate to what extent (subgroups of) clients receiving care from forensic (f)act teams show, after a year, changes in their social and psychological functioning and are subjected to fewer justicial outcome measures. METHOD: Between 2009 and 2011, eight forensic (f)act teams collected, at two measurement moments separated by an average of 12 months, data relating to client characteristics and outcomes of care...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421009/food-addiction-in-gambling-disorder-frequency-and-clinical-outcomes
#5
Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Roser Granero, Ines Wolz, Marta Baño, Gemma Mestre-Bach, Trevor Steward, Zaida Agüera, Anke Hinney, Carlos Diéguez, Felipe F Casanueva, Ashley N Gearhardt, Anders Hakansson, José M Menchón, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Background: The food addiction (FA) model is receiving increasing interest from the scientific community. Available empirical evidence suggests that this condition may play an important role in the development and course of physical and mental health conditions such as obesity, eating disorders, and other addictive behaviors. However, no epidemiological data exist on the comorbidity of FA and gambling disorder (GD), or on the phenotype for the co-occurrence of GD+FA. Objectives: To determine the frequency of the comorbid condition GD+FA, to assess whether this comorbidity features a unique clinical profile compared to GD without FA, and to generate predictive models for the presence of FA in a GD sample...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418835/costs-and-effectiveness-of-treating-homeless-persons-with-cocaine-addiction-with-alternative-contingency-management-strategies
#6
Stephen T Mennemeyer, Joseph E Schumacher, Jesse B Milby, Dennis Wallace
BACKGROUND: Between 1990 and 2006 in Birmingham, Alabama USA, 4 separate randomized controlled studies, called "Homeless 1" through "Homeless 4", treated cocaine substance abuse among chronically homeless adults, largely black men, many with non-psychotic mental health problems. The 4 studies had 9 treatment arms that used various counseling methods plus, in some arms, the provision of housing and work therapy usually with a contingent requirement of urine-test verified abstinence from substances...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407602/socio-psychological-mediators-of-the-relationship-between-behavioral-health-stigma-and-psychiatric-symptoms
#7
Bronwyn A Hunter, Nathaniel Vincent Mohatt, Dana M Prince, Azure B Thompson, Samantha L Matlin, Jacob Kraemer Tebes
The stigma associated with mental illness or addiction is significantly and positively related to psychiatric symptoms. According to Modified Labeling Theory, several processes should mediate this relationship, including rejection experiences, stigma management (secrecy coping), and social support. In the first comprehensive test of this theory, we examined a serial mediation model on three waves of data from 138 adults receiving outpatient behavioral health treatment. Participants were recruited from outpatient behavioral health clinics in a large northeastern city in the United States and completed interviews that assessed stigma, rejection experiences, stigma management, social support, and psychiatric symptoms...
March 24, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406661/lifetime-history-of-suicidal-ideation-and-attempts-among-incarcerated-women-in-israel
#8
Gila Chen, Keren Gueta
BACKGROUND: Evidence indicates that rates of death by suicide are higher among female inmates compared with male inmates and the general population. Despite the high rate of lifetime suicidality, little is known about the predictors of suicidality for these women. OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to examine sociodemographic, criminological, and psychological variables associated with a history of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among incarcerated women. METHOD: This cross-sectional study investigated a history of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a sample of 46 Israeli incarcerated women...
April 13, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401850/mothering-from-the-inside-out-results-of-a-second-randomized-clinical-trial-testing-a-mentalization-based-intervention-for-mothers-in-addiction-treatment
#9
Nancy E Suchman, Cindy L DeCoste, Thomas J McMahon, Rachel Dalton, Linda C Mayes, Jessica Borelli
Mothers with histories of alcohol and drug addiction have shown greater difficulty parenting young children than mothers with no history of substance misuse. This study was the second randomized clinical trial testing the efficacy of Mothering From the Inside Out (MIO), a 12-week mentalization-based individual therapy designed to address psychological deficits commonly associated with chronic substance use that also interfere with the capacity to parent young children. Eighty-seven mothers caring for a child between 11 and 60 months of age were randomly assigned to receive 12 sessions of MIO versus 12 sessions of parent education (PE), a psychoeducation active control comparison...
May 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397449/the-neuropsychiatric-aspect-of-the-hcv-infection
#10
REVIEW
Magdalena Więdłocha, Piotr Marcinowicz, Dorota Sokalla, Bartłomiej Stańczykiewicz
HCV infection is significantly more prevalent in the population of psychiatric patients, drug addicts and people tending to undertake risky sexual behaviors than in the general population. This article presents a spectrum of psychopathological symptoms and psychological dysfunctions, an outline of current theories on the neuropathology and psychiatric aspects of HCV infection treatment. The unspecific character of the psychopathological symptoms in the HCV infection makes the process of thorough diagnostics and adequate treatment difficult, thus the specific and characteristic features have been emphasized...
January 2017: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394210/validation-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-internet-gaming-disorder-20-test
#11
Nazir S Hawi, Maya Samaha
In recent years, researchers have been trying to shed light on gaming addiction and its association with different psychiatric disorders and psychological determinants. The latest edition version of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5) included in its Section 3 Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) as a condition for further empirical study and proposed nine criteria for the diagnosis of IGD. The 20-item Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD-20) Test was developed as a valid and reliable tool to assess gaming addiction based on the nine criteria set by the DSM-5...
April 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386785/assessing-the-prognostic-features-of-a-pain-classification-system-in-advanced-cancer-patients
#12
Joseph Arthur, Kimberson Tanco, Ali Haider, Courtney Maligi, Minjeong Park, Diane Liu, Eduardo Bruera
PURPOSE: The Edmonton Classification System for Cancer Pain (ECS-CP) has been shown to predict pain management complexity based on five features: pain mechanism, incident pain, psychological distress, addictive behavior, and cognitive function. The main objective of our study was to explore the association between ECS-CP features and pain treatment outcomes among outpatients managed by a palliative care specialist-led interdisciplinary team. METHODS: Initial and follow-up clinical information of 386 eligible supportive care outpatients were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed...
April 6, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368709/using-the-pictorial-representation-of-illness-and-self-measure-prism-to-quantify-and-compare-suffering-from-trauma-and-addiction
#13
Tim Kok, Hein A De Haan, Tom Sensky, Margreet van der Meer, Cor A J De Jong
OBJECTIVE: In a sample of people with substance use disorder who had experienced psychological trauma, this study aimed to quantify differences in perceived suffering due to addiction-related problems and to trauma-related problems. METHODS: The sample comprised 146 inpatients with substance use disorder: 25% had posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 21% had subthreshold PTSD; and the remainder constituted the trauma-only group. PTSD, substance use disorder, and suffering were assessed using validated instruments...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357191/psychiatric-co-morbidities-in-pregnant-women-with-opioid-use-disorders-prevalence-impact-and-implications-for-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Camila L Arnaudo, Barbara Andraka-Christou, Kacy Allgood
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review seeks to investigate three questions: What is the prevalence of comorbid psychiatric diagnoses among pregnant women with opioid use disorder (OUD)? How do comorbid psychiatric illnesses impact pregnant women with OUD? And how do comorbid psychiatric illnesses affect the ability of pregnant women with OUD to adhere to and complete OUD treatment? RECENT FINDINGS: Based on this literature review, 25-33% of pregnant women with OUD have a psychiatric comorbidity, with depression and anxiety being especially common...
2017: Current Addiction Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348732/probuphine%C3%A2-buprenorphine-implant-a-promising-candidate-in-opioid-dependence
#15
REVIEW
Preeti Barnwal, Saibal Das, Somnath Mondal, Anand Ramasamy, Tanay Maiti, Arunava Saha
Opioid dependence leads to physical dependence and addiction which finally results in profound medical, psychological and social dysfunction. One of the useful medications for opioid dependence is buprenorphine, the partial opioid agonist, which is used alone or in combination with naloxone. However, buprenorphine is the victim of its own success due to its illicit use and accidental poisoning in children. Also, buprenorphine typically requires daily self-administration and its effectiveness heavily depends on patient adherence...
March 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348522/lack-of-%C3%AE-2-ar-increases-anxiety-like-behaviors-and-rewarding-properties-of-cocaine
#16
Huiwen Zhu, Zhiyuan Liu, Yiming Zhou, Xuming Yin, Bo Xu, Lan Ma, Xing Liu
It is well known that β-adrenoceptors (β-ARs) play a critical role in emotional arousal and stressful events, but the specific contributions of the β2-AR subtype to the psychological disorders are largely unknown. To investigate whether β2-AR are involved in anxiety-like behavior and reward to addictive drugs, we conducted a series of behavioral tests on β2-AR knock-out (KO) mice. β2-AR KO mice exhibited increased preference for the dark compartment and closed arm in tests of Light/Dark box and elevated plus maze, indicating that β2-AR deletion elevates level of anxiety or innate fear...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345528/genetic-and-psychosocial-factors-for-benzodiazepine-addiction-an-analysis-based-on-the-results-of-the-authors-own-research-conducted-in-a-group-of-benzodiazepine-addicted-and-non-addicted-individuals
#17
Anna Konopka, Monika Mak, Anna Grzywacz, Sławomir Murawiec, Jerzy Samochowiec
PURPOSE: In spite of the fact that the addictive potential of benzodiazepine (BDZ) drugs has been known for a long time, benzodiazepine addiction remains a common problem for psychiatry to deal with. The etiology of benzodiazepine addiction is very complex. Among the risk factors, the course of the treatment, demographic status and psychological features of a patient seem to play an important role. The aim of this study was to investigate both psychological and genetic factors differentiating benzodiazepine addicts from non-addicted users...
March 13, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292690/overcoming-professionals-challenging-experiences-to-promote-a-trustful-therapeutic-alliance-in-addiction-treatment-a-qualitative-study
#18
Aymeric Reyre, Raphaël Jeannin, Myriam Largueche, Marie Rose Moro, Thierry Baubet, Olivier Taieb
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A good therapeutic alliance plays a major role in the healing process. Professionals working in addiction treatment report high levels of psychological distress related to work and this may challenge the establishment of a trustful therapeutic alliance, and lead to a loss of care quality provided to service users. The purpose of this study was to investigate the experience of specialized professionals, its effects on trust and the therapeutic alliance, and the means to restore them...
March 1, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285466/acceptability-and-effectiveness-of-a-web-based-psychosocial-intervention-among-criminal-justice-involved-adults
#19
J D Lee, B Tofighi, R McDonald, A Campbell, M C Hu, E Nunes
BACKGROUND: The acceptability, feasibility and effectiveness of web-based interventions among criminal justice involved populations are understudied. This study is a secondary analysis of baseline characteristics associated with criminal justice system (CJS) status as treatment outcome moderators among participants enrolling in a large randomized trial of a web-based psychosocial intervention (Therapeutic Education System [TES]) as part of outpatient addiction treatment. METHODS: We compared demographic and clinical characteristics, TES participation rates, and the trial's two co-primary outcomes, end of treatment abstinence and treatment retention, by self-reported CJS status at baseline: 1) CJS-mandated to community treatment (CJS-mandated), 2) CJS-recommended to treatment (CJS-recommended), 3) no CJS treatment mandate (CJS-none)...
December 2017: Health & Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264786/response-inhibition-and-internet-gaming-disorder-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Evangelia Argyriou, Christopher B Davison, Tayla T C Lee
Previous research has demonstrated that Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) has multiple negative effects in psychological functioning and health. This makes the identification of its underpinnings, such as response inhibition, essential for the development of relevant interventions that target these core features of the disorder resulting in more effective treatment. Several empirical studies have evaluated the relationship between response inhibition deficits and IGD using neurocognitive tasks, but provided mixed results...
February 24, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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