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Psychological treatment of addiction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149893/association-between-severity-of-illicit-drug-dependence-and-quality-of-life-in-a-psychosocial-care-center-in-brazil-cross-sectional-study
#1
Selva Rios Campêlo, Maria Alves Barbosa, Danilo Rocha Dias, Camila Cardoso Caixeta, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles, Celmo Celeno Porto
BACKGROUND: Quality of life must be one of the main purposes for the treatment of drug users, requiring a better understanding of the association between the quality of life and the severity of dependency. This study aimed to investigate the correlation between severity of substance use in various areas of human functioning and quality of life of illicit drug users in a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 60 participants - illicit drug users - treated at a psychosocial care center for alcohol and drugs...
November 17, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098681/summary-and-prospect
#2
Zhengde Wei, Xueli Chen, Xiaochu Zhang
In this chapter, the main content is to summarize the similarities and differences between substance and non-substance addictions in several aspects, involving definition, mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment. We try to display the complete picture of addictions in a brief but comprehensive way. Mechanism includes molecule and neural circuit, genetics, neuroimaging and cognitive psychology; diagnosis includes diagnostic criterion, diagnostic scales, biochemical diagnosis and new diagnostic techniques; treatment includes drug therapy, physical therapy, traditional Chinese medical therapy, nutrition support therapy, psychotherapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098676/physical-therapy
#3
Li-Jun Xiao, Ran Tao
Physical therapy has the evidence-based science knowledge to address a wide range of physical and psychological problems of addiction. Neuromodulation techniques are becoming more and more important in the treatment of addiction. Here, the efficacy of different neuromodulation techniques in addiction, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), deep brain stimulation (DBS), is critically evaluated. Other physical therapy methods including Biofeedback, Physical Activity and Acupuncture are also presented...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098665/received-view-of-addiction-relapse-and-treatment
#4
Yamikani Ndasauka, Zhengde Wei, Xiaochu Zhang
It is important to highlight that attempts at understanding and explaining addiction have been made for centuries. It is, however, just five decades ago, with the growth of science and technology that more interest has been observed in this field. This chapter examines different views and theories that have been posited to understand and explain addiction. More attention will be given to prominent views that seem to draw consensus among researchers and medical practitioners. The first section of the chapter introduces the addiction debate, the different theories that have been provided to explain it from different perspectives and disciplines such as neurosciences, philosophy and psychology...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072477/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-addictive-behaviors-implementation-issues-on-the-road-ahead
#5
Adam D Wilson, Corey R Roos, Charles S Robinson, Elena R Stein, Jacob A Manuel, Matthew C Enkema, Sarah Bowen, Katie Witkiewitz
Over the past 35 years, mindfulness meditation practices have increasingly been integrated into Western medical settings. Research into the benefits of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) continues to expand, such that there are currently more than a dozen different protocolled MBIs for patients suffering from a variety of physical and psychological disorders. In the last decade, a number of MBIs specifically designed to treat addictive behaviors have been developed and tested. This review first provides a brief overview of the current state of the science with respect to the efficacy of MBIs for addictive behaviors, and some of the proposed mechanisms underlying the efficacy of MBIs...
October 26, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072187/substance-abuse-and-cancer
#6
G I Moussas, A G Papadopoulou
Substance abuse is a health problem with serious psychological and psychiatric dimensions and multiple social and economic consequences. Cancer is a disease that threatens not only life and physical integrity but mental health as well. Oncology patients suffer from mental disorders in high rates, especially from depression and anxiety. The role of substance abuse in the pathogenesis of cancer is studied systematically, since there are research data supporting the mutagenic effects of certain substances. It has been supported that a possible dysregulation of the immune system is linked to the oncogenic processes induced by substances of abuse...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072184/dysfunctional-internet-behaviour-symptoms-in-association-with-personality-traits
#7
E Tsiolka, I D Bergiannaki, M Margariti, M Malliori, Ch Papageorgiou
Internet addiction is a matter of great interest for researchers, taking into consideration Internet's rapid spread and its ever growing use in children, adolescents and adults. It has been associated with multiple psychological symptoms and social difficulties, therefore raising even greater concerns for its adverse consequences. The present study that consists part of a broader research, aims to investigate the association between excessive Internet use and personality traits in an adult population. Specifically, the research examined the relation between dysfunctional internet behaviour and personality traits as neuroticism and extraversion, the two personality dimensions that have arisen as the most important ones in all relevant research...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042778/motivation-to-change-and-posttreatment-temptation-to-drink-a-multicenter-study-among-alcohol-dependent-patients
#8
Elena Fiabane, Marcella Ottonello, Valeria Zavan, Caterina Pistarini, Ines Giorgi
BACKGROUND: An inpatient 28-day rehabilitation program for alcohol dependence is focused on detoxification, enhancing motivation to change, and coping strategies for the management of emotional distress and temptation to drink. The aims of the present study were to investigate 1) changes over time in motivation to change, anxiety, and depression in individuals undergoing residential rehabilitation treatment for alcohol addiction, and 2) which pretreatment factors are associated with posttreatment temptation to drink...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032488/how-do-individuals-develop-alcohol-use-disorder-after-bariatric-surgery-a-grounded-theory-exploration
#9
Ruth Yoder, Padraig MacNeela, Ronan Conway, Caroline Heary
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity. However, following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, a small minority of patients develop new-onset alcohol use disorder (AUD), the aetiology of which is poorly understood. AIM: The aim is to construct a theory to explain the development of AUD among a sample of individuals who reported problematic drinking following RYGB. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with eight RYGB patients diagnosed with AUD attending a multi-disciplinary outpatient weight management service at a public hospital in the Republic of Ireland...
October 14, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016172/addiction-training-in-clinical-psychology-are-we-keeping-up-with-the-rising-epidemic
#10
John D Dimoff, Michael A Sayette, John C Norcross
Addiction has emerged as a serious public health crisis. Clinical psychology as a hub science has a long-standing interest in addiction and is particularly well suited to offer multifaceted treatment to those struggling with substance use disorders. To examine how well clinical psychology training is addressing this proliferation of addiction-related problems, we surveyed the directors of clinical training at all APA-accredited U.S. clinical psychology doctoral programs on 7 occasions between 1999 and 2013...
October 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971417/internet-addiction-of-young-greek-adults-psychological-aspects-and-information-privacy
#11
P Grammenos, N A Syrengela, E Magkos, A Tsohou
The main goal of this study is to examine the Internet addiction status of Greek young adults, aged from 18 to 25, using Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT) and self-administered questionnaires. In addition this paper assesses the psychological traits of addicted persons per addiction category, using the big five factor model tool to study the user's personality and analyze the components that lead a person to become Internet addicted. Furthermore, we found an association between addicted people and the five factors from the Big Five Factor Model; i...
2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962601/a-systematic-overview-of-the-literature-regarding-group-prenatal-care-for-high-risk-pregnant-women
#12
Brittany M Byerley, David M Haas
BACKGROUND: Group prenatal care (GPC) models have been gaining popularity in recent years. Studies of high-risk groups have shown improved outcomes. Our objective was to review and summarize outcomes for women in GPC for women with specific high-risk conditions. METHODS: A systematic literature review of Ovid, PubMed, and Google Scholar was performed to identify studies reporting the effects of group prenatal care in high-risk populations. Studies were included if they reported on pregnancy outcome results for women using GPC...
September 29, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958901/food-addiction-and-substance-addiction-in-women-common-clinical-characteristics
#13
Raven Hardy, Negar Fani, Tanja Jovanovic, Vasiliki Michopoulos
Food addiction is characterized by poorly controlled intake of highly-palatable, calorically-dense, foods. While previous studies indicate that risk factors for food addiction are similar to substance use disorders (SUD), these studies have looked at food addiction and SUD in independent samples, limiting the ability to directly compare food addiction to SUD. The present study was conducted to assess rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, childhood and adult trauma exposure, as well as presence and severity of emotion dysregulation, in a sample of women (N = 229) who either meet criteria for no addiction, food addiction only or SUD only...
January 1, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949432/the-use-of-crack-and-other-illicit-drugs-impacts-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-in-brazilians
#14
Raquel Pippi Antoniazzi, Fabricio Batistin Zanatta, Thiago Machado Ardenghi, Carlos Alberto Feldens
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of the use of crack and other illicit drugs on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) in young adults. METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated 106 crack users at a public treatment center for drug addiction and 106 controls matched for gender, age, and use of tobacco. Clinical examinations were performed for dental caries and periodontal disease. The outcome was OHRQoL, which was determined using the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14)...
September 26, 2017: Oral Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937573/committee-opinion-no-721-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy
#15
(no author information available yet)
Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States, and is associated with maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality. The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful; however, the compassionate intervention of the obstetrician-gynecologist can be the critical element in prenatal smoking cessation. An office-based protocol that systematically identifies pregnant women who smoke and offers treatment or referral has been proved to increase quit rates...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937568/committee-opinion-no-721-summary-smoking-cessation-during-pregnancy
#16
(no author information available yet)
Smoking is the one of the most important modifiable causes of poor pregnancy outcomes in the United States, and is associated with maternal, fetal, and infant morbidity and mortality. The physical and psychologic addiction to cigarettes is powerful; however, the compassionate intervention of the obstetrician-gynecologist can be the critical element in prenatal smoking cessation. An office-based protocol that systematically identifies pregnant women who smoke and offers treatment or referral has been proved to increase quit rates...
October 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885516/treating-acute-pain-in-the-opiate-dependent-patient
#17
Coleen Dever
Opioid drugs, including prescription as well as heroin, have come to the national spotlight due to the unprecedented rate of overdose and addiction. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has termed this problem as an "epidemic" that has reached record numbers of deaths in 2014. Approximately half of these deaths are the result from prescribed opioids. Also on the rise are the numbers of individuals who are diagnosed with chronic pain and are treated with opioids, methadone and buprenorphine. Individuals currently taking opioids for chronic pain confound the treatment of acute pain after traumatic injury...
September 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885359/sustained-dysfunctional-information-processing-in-patients-with-internet-gaming-disorder-6-month-follow-up-erp-study
#18
Minkyung Park, Yeon Jin Kim, Dai Jin Kim, Jung-Seok Choi
Internet gaming disorder (IGD), defined as an inability to control Internet-based game play, leads to serious impairment in psychological and social functioning, but few studies have identified the neurophysiological characteristics of patients with IGD. The aim of this study was to determine neurophysiological markers of P300 components associated with changes in symptoms after outpatient management with pharmacotherapy in patients with IGD. The present prospective longitudinal study included 18 patients with IGD and 29 healthy controls...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870687/-act-in-the-treatment-of-sexual-addiction-about-a-clinical-case
#19
S Lantheaume
While referring to the theoretical and practical model of R. Harris (2012), this article proposes the use of acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) in the treatment of sexual addiction. While dependent behaviors begin and may be maintained by refusal of unpleasant emotional states (that is, addict individuals tend to fight or flee negative emotions by replacing eventually painful or otherwise unpleasant states by behaviors providing pleasure), the ACT framework appears as an ally in treatment of addictive behaviors, in that its goal is a fit between patients' behaviors and their values (instead avoidance of unpleasant states avoidance)...
September 1, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870488/the-effect-of-psychosocial-factors-on-success-rates-of-hepatitis-c-treatment
#20
Maria Janda, Kari A Mergenhagen
OBJECTIVE: Our study was to determine which psychosocial factors interfere with patients reaching sustained virologic response (SVR), a marker for hepatitis C virus eradication. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed between January 6, 2015 and February 24, 2016. The primary outcome was to assess which social and psychological factors may interfere with patients reaching SVR. SVR was defined as having an undetectable viral load 12 weeks after the completion of the treatment regimen...
July 15, 2017: Psychosomatics
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