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Psychological treatment of addiction

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899120/violence-narratives-of-mexican-women-treated-in-mutual-aid-residential-centers-for-addiction-treatment
#1
Ignacio Lozano-Verduzco, Martha Romero-Mendoza, Rodrigo Marín-Navarrete
BACKGROUND: Violence against women is a social and public health issue in Mexico. The aim of this article is to explore violence among an understudied group of women, who attended Mutual-Aid Residential Centers for Addiction Treatment and experienced stigma both as women and addicts. These centers are particular kind of addiction treatment services that stem from 12-step philosophy, but that have been found to manipulate said philosophy and exercise extreme forms of psychological and physical violence...
November 30, 2016: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856827/maximizing-health-or-sufficient-capability-in-economic-evaluation-a-methodological-experiment-of-treatment-for-drug-addiction
#2
Ilias Goranitis, Joanna Coast, Ed Day, Alex Copello, Nick Freemantle, Emma Frew
Conventional practice within the United Kingdom and beyond is to conduct economic evaluations with "health" as evaluative space and "health maximization" as the decision-making rule. However, there is increasing recognition that this evaluative framework may not always be appropriate, and this is particularly the case within public health and social care contexts. This article presents a methodological case study designed to explore the impact of changing the evaluative space within an economic evaluation from health to capability well-being and the decision-making rule from health maximization to the maximization of sufficient capability...
November 17, 2016: Medical Decision Making: An International Journal of the Society for Medical Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833645/the-impact-of-psychopathological-subtypes-on-retention-rate-of-patients-with-substance-use-disorder-entering-residential-therapeutic-community-treatment
#3
Angelo G I Maremmani, Pier Paolo Pani, Emanuela Trogu, Federica Vigna-Taglianti, Federica Mathis, Roberto Diecidue, Ursula Kirchmayer, Laura Amato, Joli Ghibaudi, Antonella Camposeragna, Alessio Saponaro, Marina Davoli, Fabrizio Faggiano, Icro Maremmani
BACKGROUND: A specific psychopathology of addiction has been proposed and described using the self-report symptom inventory (SCL-90), leading to a 5-factor aggregation of psychological/psychiatric symptoms: 'worthlessness and being trapped', 'somatic symptoms', 'sensitivity-psychoticism', 'panic-anxiety' and 'violence-suicide' in various populations of patients with heroin use disorder (HUD) and other substance use disorders (SUDs). These clusters of symptoms, according to studies that have highlighted the role of possible confounding factors (such as demographic and clinical characteristics, active heroin use, lifetime psychiatric problems and kind of treatment received by the patients), seem to constitute a trait rather than a state of the psychological structure of addiction...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832475/recovery-support-mediates-the-relationship-between-parental-warmth-and-quality-of-life-among-women-with-substance-use-disorders
#4
Suzanne Brown, Bryan Victor, Laurel M Hicks, Elizabeth M Tracy
PURPOSE: Historically, recovery from substance use disorders (SUD) has focused exclusively on the use or non-use of the addictive substance(s). More recently, SAMSHA [1] has defined recovery in a more holistic way, using quality of life (QoL) as a measure of recovery for individuals with substance use and mental health disorders. However, little is known about the myriad experiences that inform and affect QoL for individuals with substance use disorders. Using an attachment informed stress-buffering framework, the purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of parental warmth and recovery support to QoL among women in substance abuse treatment...
November 10, 2016: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824872/good-psychometric-properties-of-the-addiction-version-of-the-revised-illness-perception-questionnaire-for-health-care-professionals
#5
Astri Parawita Ayu, Boukje Dijkstra, Milou Golbach, Cor De Jong, Arnt Schellekens
BACKGROUND: Addiction, or substance dependence, is nowadays considered a chronic relapsing condition. However, perceptions of addiction vary widely, also among healthcare professionals. Perceptions of addiction are thought to contribute to attitude and stigma towards patients with addiction. However, studies into perceptions of addiction among healthcare professionals are limited and instruments for reliable assessment of their perceptions are lacking. The Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ) is widely used to evaluate perceptions of illness...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802545/association-between-prescription-of-major-psychotropic-medications-and-violent-reoffending-after-prison-release
#6
Zheng Chang, Paul Lichtenstein, Niklas Långström, Henrik Larsson, Seena Fazel
Importance: Individuals released from prison have high rates of violent reoffending, and there is uncertainty about whether pharmacological treatments reduce reoffending risk. Objective: To investigate the associations between major classes of psychotropic medications and violent reoffending. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cohort study included all released prisoners in Sweden from July 1, 2005, to December 31, 2010, through linkage of population-based registers...
November 1, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800208/family-based-intervention-program-for-parents-of-substance-abusing-youth-and-adolescents
#7
David Bisetto Pons, Remedios González Barrón, Álvaro Botella Guijarro
The use of drugs among adolescents/youth often results in a high degree of distress for the family members who live with them. This in turn can lead to a deterioration of mental (psychological) health, hindering any attempt to successfully cope with the situation. The goal of our research was to study the effect of the Community Reinforcement and Family Training (CRAFT) program on parents of adolescents/young adult drug users. Study volunteers (n = 50) were parents from Valencia (Spain) that were divided into two groups...
2016: Journal of Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776797/-patterns-of-prescription-of-opioid-analgesics-in-h%C3%A3-tel-dieu-de-france-of-beyrouth
#8
P Noufi, E Khoury, E Ayoub, N Naccache, S Richa
OBJECTIVES: Use of chronic opioid therapy has increased substantially over the past few years, even though opioid therapy is associated with potentially serious harms, including opioid-related adverse effects and outcomes. Prescription of opioids for chronic pain, particularly nonmalignant chronic pain, remains controversial. In the midst of this controversy, patterns of actual prescription and influences on these patterns are not well understood. This study aims to describe the frequency of prescription of opioid analgesics in a university hospital, the attitudes of doctors towards this category of drugs, and the follow-up modalities of patients taking these drugs...
October 21, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747887/multi-family-therapy-with-a-reflecting-team-a-preliminary-study-on-efficacy-among-opiate-addicts-in-methadone-maintenance-treatment
#9
Miguel Garrido-Fernández, Juan A Marcos-Sierra, Ana López-Jiménez, Iñigo Ochoa de Alda
In this study, we evaluate the efficacy of multi-family therapy at reducing the addiction severity and at improving the psychological and family dynamics of opiate addicts receiving methadone treatment at a public treatment center. The study compares multi-family therapy with a reflecting team (MFT-RT) and a standard treatment following a methadone maintenance treatment program. The results show that multi-family therapy with a reflecting team effectively reduces the addiction severity in several of the areas evaluated and noted that this effect is superior to standard treatment...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715328/a-review-of-implicit-and-explicit-substance-self-concept-as-a-predictor-of-alcohol-and-tobacco-use-and-misuse
#10
Kristen P Lindgren, Clayton Neighbors, Melissa L Gasser, Jason J Ramirez, Dario Cvencek
BACKGROUND: This paper provides an overview of the self-concept as it relates to substance use. Self-concept has a long history in psychological theory and research; however, substance self-concept (e.g., viewing one's self as a drinker or smoker) is an understudied area of research with the potential to expand existing conceptualizations of substance use, addiction, and prevention and treatment efforts, and should receive greater research attention. OBJECTIVES: First, we review and provide a theoretical framework of substance self-concept that draws from dual process models and distinguishes between implicit and explicit self-concept...
October 7, 2016: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693614/neural-stress-reactivity-relates-to-smoking-outcomes-and-differentiates-between-mindfulness-and-cognitive-behavioral-treatments
#11
Hedy Kober, Judson A Brewer, Keri L Height, Rajita Sinha
Stress and negative affect are known contributors to drug use and relapse, and several known treatments for addictions include strategies for managing them. In the current study, we administered a well-established stress provocation during functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to 23 participants who completed either mindfulness training (MT; N=11) or the American Lung Association's Freedom From Smoking (FFS; N=12), which is a cognitive-behavioral treatment (CBT) for smoking cessation. Across the entire sample, we found that stress reactivity in several brain regions including the amygdala and anterior/mid insula was related to reductions in smoking after treatment, as well as at 3-month post-treatment follow-up...
September 28, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688740/the-mechanisms-of-mindfulness-in-the-treatment-of-mental-illness-and-addiction
#12
Edo Shonin, William Van Gordon
Consistent with its growing popularity amongst the general public and medical community, throughout recent decades there have been increasing attempts to understand the mechanisms that underlie therapeutic improvement in individuals receiving mindfulness training. The current paper draws upon findings from various remits of scientific enquiry and summarises key evidence-based mechanisms of mindfulness that have been proposed in the academic literature to date. Empirical findings indicate that mindfulness targets biological, psychological, social, and spiritual psychopathology determinants...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688642/cross-sectional-study-of-the-severity-of-self-reported-depressive-symptoms-in-heroin-users-who-participate-in-a-methadone-maintenance-treatment-program
#13
Yafei Wu, Shiyan Yan, Yanping Bao, Zhi Lian, Zhi Qu, Zhimin Liu
BACKGROUND: Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) is widely recognized as an effective method of combatting narcotic addiction. MMT reduces heroin withdrawal symptoms and, thus, makes it possible to provide the psychological and social support that is essential to the rehabilitation of drug users. AIM: Compare the severity of depressive symptoms in heroin users who are currently receiving MMT to that of heroin users who are not receiving MMT. METHODS: We administered the 13-item version of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-13) and a demographic history form to 929 heroin users who had been receiving MMT at nine methadone treatment clinics in three Chinese cities for an average of 9 months and to 238 heroin users who had enrolled in a MMT program at the centers but had not yet begun MMT...
February 25, 2016: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677207/association-of-intimate-partner-violence-with-sociodemographic-factors-in-married-women-a-population-based-study-in-iran
#14
Reza Ahmadi, Robabeh Soleimani, Mir Mohammad Jalali, Azadeh Yousefnezhad, Mahboubeh Roshandel Rad, Aemeh Eskandari
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a neglected public health issue in Iran. This study was conducted among married women residing in urban Rasht (northern Iran), to estimate the prevalence and frequency of different forms of IPV from husband and their associations with socio-demographic factors. We carried out a population-based cross-sectional survey with cluster sampling design from February to October 2015. The samples consisted of married women aged ≥ 18 years with total household in Rasht city (north Iran) as the sample frame...
September 27, 2016: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670138/the-abba-study-approach-bias-modification-in-bulimia-nervosa-and-binge-eating-disorder-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
Timo Brockmeyer, Ulrike Schmidt, Hans-Christoph Friederich
BACKGROUND: The core symptoms of bulimia nervosa (BN) and binge eating disorder (BED) are recurrent episodes of binge eating. Despite negative psychological and physical consequences, BN/BED patients show uncontrollable approach tendencies towards food. This cognitive bias occurs at an early stage of information processing. Cognitive bias modification (CBM) directly targets such biases and has been shown to be effective in treating several mental disorders. In alcohol addiction, automatic action tendencies towards alcohol cues and relapse rates were successfully reduced by a specific form of CBM, termed approach bias modification...
September 26, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637871/-which-psychiatric-comorbidities-in-cannabis-dependence-during-adolescence-comparison-of-outpatients-and-controls
#16
G Dorard, C Bungener, O Phan, Y Edel, M Corcos, S Berthoz
BACKGROUND: The use of illicit substances, in particular cannabis, among French adolescents and young adults has become an important public health concern. A better understanding of the mechanisms involved in pathological substance use is nowadays critical. Psychiatric comorbidities have been previously reported in adult substance abusers but are less documented in adolescents, especially regarding cannabis dependence. OBJECTIVES: We investigated mental health problems in adolescents and young adults, seeking treatment for their problematic cannabis use, comparatively to healthy controls, taking into account the participant's gender and age...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623834/-cocaine-characteristics-and-addiction
#17
REVIEW
Katarzyna Girczys-Połedniok, Robert Pudlo, Magdalena Jarząb, Agnieszka Szymlak
Cocaine use leads to health, social and legal problems. The aim of this paper is to discuss cocaine action, addicts characteristics, use patterns and consequences, as well as addiction treatment methods. A literature review was based on the Medline, PubMed, Polish Medical Bibliography databases and the Silesian Library resources. The Police and Central Statistical Office statistics, as well as the World Health Organization, the European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction and the National Office for Combating Drug Addiction reports were used...
2016: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590829/integrating-psychological-and-neurobiological-considerations-regarding-the-development-and-maintenance-of-specific-internet-use-disorders-an-interaction-of-person-affect-cognition-execution-i-pace-model
#18
REVIEW
Matthias Brand, Kimberly S Young, Christian Laier, Klaus Wölfling, Marc N Potenza
Within the last two decades, many studies have addressed the clinical phenomenon of Internet-use disorders, with a particular focus on Internet-gaming disorder. Based on previous theoretical considerations and empirical findings, we suggest an Interaction of Person-Affect-Cognition-Execution (I-PACE) model of specific Internet-use disorders. The I-PACE model is a theoretical framework for the processes underlying the development and maintenance of an addictive use of certain Internet applications or sites promoting gaming, gambling, pornography viewing, shopping, or communication...
December 2016: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27575830/review-of-perioperative-pain-management-of-opioid-dependent-patients
#19
Nalini Vadivelu, Sukanya Mitra, Alice M Kai, Gopal Kodumudi, Karina Gritsenko
Opioid dependence can occur due to prescription opioid use, recreational opioid use, or as a result of opioid use for the treatment of drug addiction. Pain control in these patients is truly a challenge. It is important to understand the patient's condition such as the phenomenon of drug dependence, drug addiction, and pseudoaddiction to provide effective analgesia. This may be accomplished using appropriate multimodal therapies and by treatment of coexisting diseases such as anxiety. The goal is to provide effective analgesia, prevent cognitive and emotional problems, and produce a positive postoperative rehabilitation process...
July 2016: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27574840/crack-cocaine-use-in-adolescents-clinical-characteristics-and-predictors-of-early-initiation
#20
Thiago G Pianca, Luis Augusto Rohde, Ronaldo L Rosa, Ana Paula A Begnis, Pedro B Ferronatto, Mariana C Jensen, Flavio Pechansky, Keila Maria Mendes Ceresér, Victoria P Fairchild, Claudia M Szobot
OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical characteristics of adolescents with crack cocaine dependence and possible predictors of transition from drug experimentation to crack cocaine dependence. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled a consecutive sample of 90 adolescents admitted to a psychiatric inpatient unit in the city of Porto Alegre in southern Brazil for crack cocaine detoxification between May 2011 and November 2012. Comorbid psychological conditions were assessed using the Kiddie-SADS-Present and Lifetime Version, and severity of drug use was assessed using the Teen Addiction Severity Index (T-ASI)...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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