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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918075/direct-detection-of-trichomonas-vaginalis-virus-in-trichomonas-vaginalis-positive-clinical-samples-from-the-netherlands
#1
Ivo Jehee, Charlotte van der Veer, Michelle Himschoot, Mirjam Hermans, Sylvia Bruisten
Trichomonas vaginalis is the most common sexually transmitted parasitical infection worldwide. T. vaginalis can carry a virus: Trichomonas vaginalis virus (TVV). To date, four TVV species have been described. Few studies have investigated TVV prevalence and its clinical importance. We have developed a nested reverse-transcriptase PCR, with novel, type specific primers to directly detect TVV RNA in T. vaginalis positive clinical samples. A total of 119T. vaginalis positive clinical samples were collected in Amsterdam and "s-Hertogenbosch, the Netherlands, from 2012 to 2016...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Virological Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917303/the-evaluation-of-gm6-based-elisa-and-ict-as-diagnostic-methods-on-a-mongolian-farm-with-an-outbreak-of-non-tsetse-transmitted-horse-trypanosomosis
#2
Batdorj Davaasuren, Tovuu Amgalanbaatar, Simon Peter Musinguzi, Keisuke Suganuma, Davaajav Otgonsuren, Ehab Mossaad, Sandagdorj Narantsatsral, Banzragch Battur, Badgar Battsetseg, Xuenan Xuan, Noboru Inoue
Trypanosoma equiperdum, which is the etiological agent of dourine, spreads through sexual intercourse in equines. Dourine (T. equiperdum) has been reported in Mongolia, where it is considered an economically important disease of horses. T. evansi has also been reported in Mongolian domestic animals. The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential application of recombinant T. evansi GM6 (rTeGM6-4r)-based diagnostic methods on a farm with an outbreak of non-tsetse transmitted horse trypanosomosis. Ninety-seven percent homology was found between the amino acid sequences of T...
September 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916501/awakenings-in-rats-by-ultrasounds-a-new-animal-model-for-paradoxical-kinesia
#3
Luan Castro Tonelli, Markus Wöhr, Rainer Schwarting, Liana Melo-Thomas
Paradoxical kinesia refers to a sudden transient ability of akinetic patients to perform motor tasks they are otherwise unable to perform. The mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are unknown due a paucity of valid animal models that faithfully reproduce paradoxical kinesia. Here, in a first experiment, we present a new method to study paradoxical kinesia by "awakening" cataleptic rats through presenting appetitive 50-kHz ultrasonic vocalizations (USV), which are typical for social situations with positive valence, like juvenile play or sexual encounters ("rat laughter")...
September 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916405/love-death-a-retrospective-and-prospective-follow-up-mortality-study-over-45-years
#4
Lena Lange, Barbra Zedler, Marcel A Verhoff, Markus Parzeller
BACKGROUND: Although sexual activity can cause moderate stress, it can cause natural death in individuals with pre-existing illness. The aim of this study was to identify additional pre-existing health problems, sexual practices, and potential circumstances that may trigger fatal events. METHODS: This medicolegal postmortem, retrospective, and prospective study is based on data of autopsies performed at the Institute of Legal Medicine of the University hospital, Goethe-University, Frankfurt/Main, Germany...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915869/frequency-and-genotypes-of-chlamydia-trachomatis-in-patients-attending-the-obstetrics-and-gynecology-clinics-in-jalisco-mexico-and-correlation-with-sociodemographic-behavioral-and-biological-factors
#5
Néstor Casillas-Vega, Rayo Morfín-Otero, Santos García, Jorge Llaca-Díaz, Eduardo Rodríguez-Noriega, Adrián Camacho-Ortiz, Ma de la Merced Ayala-Castellanos, Héctor J Maldonado-Garza, Jesús Ancer-Rodríguez, Guadalupe Gallegos-Ávila, Alberto Niderhauser-García, Elvira Garza-González
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia trachomatis is the causative agent of the most common bacterial sexually transmitted infection worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency and genotypes of C. trachomatis in patients attending an obstetrics and gynecology clinic in Jalisco, Mexico and correlates them with sociodemographic, behavioral, and biological factors. METHODS: C. trachomatis detection was performed in endocervical samples from 662 patients by direct fluorescence assay (DFA) and two PCR assays that amplified the phospholipase D endonuclease superfamily protein (PLDESP) and OmpA genes...
September 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915309/genital-aphthous-ulcers-and-a-case-of-suspected-chikungunya-a-short-clinical-case
#6
Frances A Martinez-Díaz
Genital aphthous ulcers can result from multiple conditions including febrile syndromes. Chikungunya infection manifests mainly as fever accompanied by polyarthralgia and pruritic rash. Nevertheless, healthcare providers should be alert to additional presentations. This is the case of a young woman presenting with painful genital ulcers after a three day prodome of fever and polyarthralgia. As a suspected case of Chikungunya infection and a clinical diagnosis of aphthae, treatment with oral prednisone for two weeks produced complete resolution of ulcers with no scarring...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913693/human-papillomavirus-genotype-distribution-in-cervical-samples-among-vaccine-na%C3%A3-ve-barbados-women
#7
Juann M Ward, Kolin Schmalenberg, Nick A Antonishyn, Ian R Hambleton, Elizabeth L Blackman, Paul N Levett, Marquita V Gittens-St Hilaire
PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to provide baseline HPV genotype distribution among women in Barbados before HPV immunization was introduced. This information would then be used as a denominator for post-vaccine surveillance and is expected to aid in understanding the effect of vaccination on cervical disease in Barbados. METHODS: Liquid-based cytology specimens were collected from 413 women (age range 18-65 years) attending three clinics, in a pre-vaccination, population-based study...
September 14, 2017: Cancer Causes & Control: CCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913683/an-evidence-map-of-the-women-veterans-health-research-literature-2008-2015
#8
Elisheva R Danan, Erin E Krebs, Kristine Ensrud, Eva Koeller, Roderick MacDonald, Tina Velasquez, Nancy Greer, Timothy J Wilt
BACKGROUND: Women comprise a growing proportion of Veterans seeking care at Veterans Affairs (VA) healthcare facilities. VA initiatives have accelerated changes in services for female Veterans, yet the corresponding literature has not been systematically reviewed since 2008. In 2015, VA Women's Health Services and the VA Women's Health Research Network requested an updated literature review to facilitate policy and research planning. METHODS: The Minneapolis VA Evidence-based Synthesis Program performed a systematic search of research related to female Veterans' health published from 2008 through 2015...
September 14, 2017: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913332/the-impact-of-disclosure-on-health-and-related-outcomes-in-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infected-children-a-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Angela Odiachi
This review explores the association between pediatric human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disclosure and health and related outcomes among children living with HIV. A multi-stage process was used to search for relevant articles on the ISI Web of Knowledge database. Fifteen articles met the inclusion criteria. Five major outcomes emerged from children's knowledge of their HIV-seropositive status: physical/physiological outcomes; adherence to antiretroviral therapy; psychosocial outcomes; sexual and reproductive health, including HIV prevention outcomes; and disclosure of status by the children...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913121/the-impact-of-abdominal-and-laparoscopic-hysterectomies-on-women-s-sexuality-and-psychological-condition
#10
Meryem Kürek Eken, Gülşah İlhan, Osman Temizkan, Evrim Erbek Çelik, Dilşad Herkiloğlu, Ateş Karateke
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether there were any differences in the quality of life, sexual function, and self-esteem of patients who underwent total laparoscopic hysterectomy (TLH) (n=42) and total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH) (n=42). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All premenopausal patients who underwent TLH or TAH because of benign uterine disorders were enrolled. The sexual function and quality of life status were assessed preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively using three standardized validated questionnaires: the Arizona Sexual Experiences Scale (ASEX), the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised (SCL-90-R), and the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES)...
December 2016: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913116/evaluation-of-sleep-disorder-and-its-effect-on-sexual-dysfunction-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#11
Tuba Tülay Koca, Günseli Karaca Acet, Emrullah Tanrıkut, Burcu Talu
OBJECTIVE: Sexual problems are commonly seen in women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). The objective of this study was to reveal the relationship between the severity of symptoms, sleep disorder, and sexual dysfunction in women with FMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 sexually active women with FMS aged 17-67 years who presented to our physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinic between January 2016 and June 2016 were enrolled in the study. The patients' age, height, body weight, body mass index (BMI), and general pain score [visual analogue scale, (VAS)] for the last 1 week were recorded...
December 2016: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906006/prevalence-of-anal-oral-penile-and-urethral-human-papillomavirus-in-hiv-infected-and-hiv-uninfected-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#12
Claudio Ucciferri, Manuela Tamburro, Katia Falasca, Michela Lucia Sammarco, Giancarlo Ripabelli, Jacopo Vecchiet
Aims of the study were to evaluate Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and type-specific prevalence in four anatomical sites in HIV infected men who have sex with men (MSM) compared with HIV uninfected MSM. Participants were recruited among the attendees of Infectious Diseases Clinics in Central Italy. A trained medical practitioner collected by interview sociodemographic data and information on medical history, sexual behavior and drug use. Swabs from anal canal, oral cavity, urethral mucosa and coronal sulcus were tested for HPV DNA and genotyping...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904897/peyronie-s-graft-surgery-tips-and-tricks-from-the-masters-in-andrologic-surgery
#13
Georgios Hatzichristodoulou, Peter Tsambarlis, Hubert Kübler, Laurence A Levine
BACKGROUND: Grafting techniques in the surgical management of Peyronie's disease (PD) are challenging, especially in inexperienced hands. In order to improve surgical outcomes the urologist should follow a standard surgical approach, preferably of an established and reliable grafting technique. The aim of this study is to provide tips and tricks for graft surgery for PD. METHODS: This report offers a step-by-step tutorial for grafting techniques in PD, especially for the Sealing technique and the partial plaque excision and grafting (PEG) procedure...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904679/knowledge-attitudes-and-screening-practices-regarding-prostatic-diseases-among-men-older-than-40-years-a-population-based-study-in-southwest-nigeria
#14
Rufus Wale Ojewola, Ezekiel Sofela Oridota, Olanrewaju Samuel Balogun, Ezra Olatunde Ogundare, Taiwo Opeyemi Alabi, Oluseyi Omotola Banjo, Adeyinka Laoye, Babatunde Adetunmbi, Bamidele Oludele Adebayo, Rotimi Oluyombo
INTRODUCTION: Despite the global increase in awareness of prostatic diseases resulting from widespread availability of screening tools, there is no evidence that the knowledge, attitudes and screening practices of Nigerian men have improved regarding prostatic diseases. METHODS: A descriptive cross-sectional study amongst 305 community-dwelling men. Respondents were selected using multi-staged sampling techniques. Knowledge, attitudes and screening practices were determined based on responses to a semi-structured KAP questionnaire...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904544/changing-beliefs-and-behaviors-related-to-sexually-transmitted-diseases-in-vulnerable-women-a-qualitative-study
#15
Zahra Boroumandfar, Masoud Kianpour, Ali Zargham, Samereh Abdoli, Katayoun Tayeri, Mehrdad Salehi, Godratollah Momeni, Farzin Khorvash
BACKGROUND: The first step in health education is awareness of the people and their acceptance to change their behavior. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the effects of empowerment program towards the concept of self-care and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in women at risk of STDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The present study was conducted as a qualitative approach (step of action and observation of an action) by using conventional content analysis method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903736/factors-associated-with-syphilis-treatment-failure-and-reinfection-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-shenzhen-china
#16
Zhenzhou Luo, Lin Zhu, Yi Ding, Jun Yuan, Wu Li, Qiuhong Wu, Lishan Tian, Li Zhang, Guomao Zhou, Tao Zhang, Jianping Ma, Zhongwei Chen, Tubao Yang, Tiejian Feng, Min Zhang
BACKGROUND: The treatment failure and reinfection rates among syphilis patients are high, and relevant studies in China are limited. The aim of this study was to detect the rates of treatment failure and reinfection after syphilis treatment and to explore the potential associated factors. METHODS: We conducted a longitudinal cohort study in a sexually transmitted disease clinic, the Department of Dermatology and Venereology in Nanshan Center for Chronic Disease Control...
September 13, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903430/resveratrol-inhibits-age-dependent-spontaneous-tumorigenesis-by-sirt1-mediated-post-translational-modulations-in-the-annual-fish-nothobranchius-guentheri
#17
Tingting Liu, Long Ma, Zhaodi Zheng, Fenglin Li, Shan Liu, Yingbo Xie, Guorong Li
Resveratrol, SIRT1 activator, inhibits carcinogenesis predominantly performed in transgenic animal models, orthotopic cancers of nude mice or different cancer cell lines, but its effects during process of spontaneous tumors using vertebrate models remain untested. Spontaneous liver neoplasm is an age-related disease and is inhibited by resveratrol in the annual fish Nothobranchius guentheri, which indicates that the fish can act as an excellent model to study spontaneous tumorigenesis. Totally, 175 fish were fed with resveratrol and another 175 fish for controls...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903180/diamine-derivative-anti-trichomonas-vaginalis-and-anti-tritrichomonas-foetus-activities-by-effect-on-polyamine-metabolism
#18
Graziela Vargas Rigo, Márcia Rodrigues Trein, Danielle da Silva Trentin, Alexandre José Macedo, Bruno Assis de Oliveira, Angelina Maria de Almeida, Raquel Brandt Giordani, Mauro Vieira de Almeida, Tiana Tasca
Human and bovine trichomoniasis are sexually transmitted diseases (STD) caused by Trichomonas vaginalis and Tritrichomonas foetus, respectively. Human trichomoniasis is the most common non-viral STD in the world and bovine trichomoniasis causes significant economic losses to breeders. Considering the significant impact of the infections caused by these protozoa and the treatment failures, the search for new therapeutic alternatives becomes crucial. In this study the effect of diamines and amino alcohols in the in vitro viability of trichomonads was evaluated...
September 9, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899308/demographic-and-geographical-risk-factors-for-gonorrhoea-and-chlamydia-in-greater-western-sydney-2003-2013
#19
Marianne Gale, Andrew Hayen, George Truman, Rick Varma, Bradley L Forssman, C Raina MacIntyre
INTRODUCTION: Notification rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) have increased in New South Wales as elsewhere in Australia. Understanding trends in chlamydia and gonorrhoea notifications at smaller geographical areas may assist public health efforts to deliver targeted STI interventions. METHODS: Routinely collected disease notification data from 2 local health districts within the greater Western Sydney area were analysed. De-identified notifications of gonorrhoea and chlamydia were extracted for people aged over 15 years during the period 1 January 2003 to 31 December 2013...
June 30, 2017: Communicable Diseases Intelligence Quarterly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894715/survival-rates-among-co-infected-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-tuberculosis-in-tehran-iran
#20
Ghodratollah Roshanaei, Masoud Sabouri Ghannad, Jalal Poorolajal, Minoo Mohraz, Leila Molaeipoor
BACKGROUND: The number of deaths related with co-infection of tuberculosis (TB) and HIV remains inappropriately high worldwide. TB is anticipated to be the major reason of HIV-related deaths globally. This study aimed to find out and evaluate the characteristics of the possible risk factors influencing the survival time of co-infected patients with HIV/TB in Tehran the capital of Iran. METHODS: This retrospective study was performed on the referred patients to the one of two Behavioral Diseases Counseling Centers, Imam Khomeini, and Zamzam Centers, Tehran, Iran, in 2004-2013...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
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