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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232545/influence-of-the-social-determinants-of-health-on-access-to-healthcare-services-among-refugees-in-australia
#1
Jessica Taylor, Greer Lamaro Haintz
Refugees in Australia are not fully utilising the healthcare system for several reasons and this may be affecting their overall health outcomes. This qualitative systematic review examined the influence of the social determinants of health on refugees' access to healthcare services in Australia. Electronic databases were searched using terms relating to refugees, social determinants, healthcare services, barriers, enablers and Australia. Only peer-reviewed studies published in English since 2006, which focused on refugees and specifically discussed social determinants influencing refugees' access to healthcare services in Australia, were included...
December 13, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232443/thanking-all-peer-reviewers
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231273/the-added-value-of-inclusive-research
#3
Jan Walmsley, Iva Strnadová, Kelley Johnson
BACKGROUND: The study asks when does inclusive research add value? The authors argue that this is important, given the additional time and cost of co-researching with people with intellectual disabilities. The study is situated in debates about a "second generation" of inclusive research which advocates focussing more on outcomes than process. The authors argue that this is premature, rather the authors propose that inclusive research is valuable when it helps to recognize, foster, and above all communicate the contributions people with intellectual disabilities can make...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231147/neuroendocrine-and-metabolic-disorders-in-bulimia-nervosa
#4
Walter Milano, Anna Capasso
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Bulimia nervosa, is an eating disorder characterized by excessive influence of weight and body shape on the levels of self-esteem, with pervasive feelings of failure and inadequacy. The eating is characterized by the presence of episodes of uncontrolled eating (Binge), during which the person ingests mass wide variety of foods and the feeling of not being able to stop eating. This review focuses on the metabolic and hormonal alterations in the in bulimia nervosa...
December 11, 2017: Endocrine, Metabolic & Immune Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231051/midostaurin-in-combination-with-standard-chemotherapy-for-treatment-of-newly-diagnosed-fms-like-tyrosine-kinase-3-flt3-mutation-positive-acute-myeloid-leukemia
#5
Miryoung Kim, Sherry Williams
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of midostaurin in combination with standard cytarabine and daunorubicin induction and cytarabine consolidation in newly diagnosed FLT3-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML). DATA SOURCE: A literature search of PubMed and MEDLINE (September 2017) was performed using the terms midostaurin, PKC412, FLT3 gene, and acute myeloid leukemia. STUDY SELECTION/DATA EXTRACTION: Clinical trials evaluating the efficacy and safety of midostaurin in combination with standard cytarabine and daunorubicin induction and cytarabine consolidation were reviewed for the treatment of newly diagnosed FLT3-mutated AML...
December 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229659/a-smoking-prevention-photoageing-intervention-for-secondary-schools-in-brazil-delivered-by-medical-students-protocol-for-a-randomised-trial
#6
Bianca Lisa Faria, Christian M Brieske, Ioana Cosgarea, Albert J Omlor, Fabian N Fries, Christian Olber Moreira de Faria, Henrique Augusto Lino, Ana Carla Cruz Oliveira, Oscar Campos Lisboa, Joachim Klode, Dirk Schadendorf, Breno Bernardes-Souza, Titus J Brinker
INTRODUCTION: Most smokers start smoking during their early adolescence, often with the idea that smoking is glamorous; the dramatic health consequences are too far in the future to fathom. We recently designed and tested an intervention that takes advantage of the broad availability of mobile phones as well as adolescents' interest in their appearance. A free photoageing mobile app (Smokerface) was implemented by medical students in secondary schools via a novel method called mirroring...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229658/effectiveness-of-acupuncture-for-cancer-pain-protocol-for-an-umbrella-review-and-meta-analyses-of-controlled-trials
#7
Yihan He, Yihong Liu, Brian H May, Anthony Lin Zhang, Haibo Zhang, ChuanJian Lu, Lihong Yang, Xinfeng Guo, Charlie Changli Xue
INTRODUCTION: The National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines for adult cancer pain indicate that acupuncture and related therapies may be valuable additions to pharmacological interventions for pain management. Of the systematic reviews related to this topic, some concluded that acupuncture was promising for alleviating cancer pain, while others argued that the evidence was insufficient to support its effectiveness. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This review will consist of three components: (1) synthesis of findings from existing systematic reviews; (2) updated meta-analyses of randomised clinical trials and (3) analyses of results of other types of clinical studies...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229654/protocol-for-developing-a-database-of-zoonotic-disease-research-in-india-dozoori
#8
Pranab Chatterjee, Soumyadeep Bhaumik, Abhimanyu Singh Chauhan, Manish Kakkar
INTRODUCTION: Zoonotic and emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) represent a public health threat that has been acknowledged only recently although they have been on the rise for the past several decades. On an average, every year since the Second World War, one pathogen has emerged or re-emerged on a global scale. Low/middle-income countries such as India bear a significant burden of zoonotic and EIDs. We propose that the creation of a database of published, peer-reviewed research will open up avenues for evidence-based policymaking for targeted prevention and control of zoonoses...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229652/protocol-for-the-specialist-supervised-individualised-multifactorial-treatment-of-new-clinically-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes-in-general-practice-ida-a-prospective-controlled-multicentre-open-label-intervention-study
#9
Jacob Volmer Stidsen, Jens Steen Nielsen, Jan Erik Henriksen, Søren Gunnar Friborg, Reimar Wernich Thomsen, Thomas Bastholm Olesen, Michael Hecht Olsen, Henning Beck-Nielsen
INTRODUCTION: We present the protocol for a multifactorial intervention study designed to test whether individualised treatment, based on pathophysiological phenotyping and individualised treatment goals, improves type 2 diabetes (T2D) outcomes. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a prospective controlled multicentre open-label intervention study, drawing on the longitudinal cohort of the Danish Centre for Strategic Research in Type 2 Diabetes (DD2). New clinically diagnosed patients with T2D in the intervention group will be assigned to receive individualised treatment by their general practitioner...
December 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229589/the-effect-of-group-support-psychotherapy-delivered-by-trained-lay-health-workers-for-depression-treatment-among-people-with-hiv-in-uganda-protocol-of-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-trial
#10
Etheldreda Nakimuli-Mpungu, Seggane Musisi, Kizito Wamala, James Okello, Sheila Ndyanabangi, Ramin Mojtabai, Jean Nachega, Ofir Harari, Edward Mills
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the effectiveness of task shifting of mental health services in populations with HIV. OBJECTIVE: This trial aims to evaluate the effectiveness of group support psychotherapy delivered by trained lay health workers to persons living with HIV (PLWH) with depression in primary care. METHODS: Thirty eligible primary care health centers across three districts were randomly allocated to have their lay health workers trained to deliver group support psychotherapy (intervention arm) or group HIV education and treatment as usual (control arm) to PLWH with depression...
December 11, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229074/factors-associated-with-faculty-participation-in-research-activities-in-dental-schools
#11
Allan Pau, Hanan Omar, Saad Khan, Ammar Jassim, Liang Lin Seow, Chooi Gait Toh
BACKGROUND: To quantify participation in dental research activities in Malaysia, and investigate its association with socio-demographic and professional characteristics, and perceptions of research and development (R&D) culture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dental academics in Malaysian dental schools were invited to complete a questionnaire by email and post. The survey comprised questions on research activities in the past 12 months, socio-demographic and professional characteristics, and the R&D Culture Index...
December 2017: Singapore Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228973/cohort-profile-the-saskatchewan-rural-health-study-adult-component
#12
Punam Pahwa, Masud Rana, William Pickett, Chandima P Karunanayake, Khalid Amin, Donna Rennie, Josh Lawson, Shelley Kirychuk, Bonnie Janzen, Niels Koehncke, James Dosman
OBJECTIVES: Less is known about the respiratory health of general farming and non-framing populations. A longitudinal Saskatchewan Rural Health Study (SRHS) was conducted to explore the association between individual and contextual factors with respiratory health outcomes in these populations. Hence, the objectives are to: (i) describe the updated methodology of longitudinal SRHS-an extension of baseline survey methodology published earlier; (ii) compare baseline characteristics and the prevalences of respiratory health outcomes between drops-outs and completers; and (iii) summarize key findings based on baseline survey data...
December 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228916/physical-and-psychosomatic-health-outcomes-in-people-bereaved-by-suicide-compared-to-people-bereaved-by-other-modes-of-death-a-systematic-review
#13
Ailbhe Spillane, Celine Larkin, Paul Corcoran, Karen Matvienko-Sikar, Fiona Riordan, Ella Arensman
BACKGROUND: Little research has been conducted into the physical health implications of suicide bereavement compared to other causes of death. There is some evidence that suicide bereaved parents have higher morbidity, particularly in terms of chronic illness. This systematic review aims to examine the physical and psychosomatic morbidities of people bereaved by a family member's suicide and compare them with family members bereaved by other modes of death. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PsycINFO were searched from 1985 to February 2016...
December 12, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226979/it-is-time-to-re-evaluate-the-peer-review-process-for-preclinical-research
#14
Rajat Bhattacharya, Lee M Ellis
Problems in peer review, the backbone of maintaining high standards in scientific publishing, have led to wide spread discontent within the scientific community. Training in the peer review process and a simpler format to assist in decision making are possible courses to improve and expedite the process of peer review and scientific publishing.
December 11, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226033/patterns-in-artisanal-coral-reef-fisheries-revealed-through-local-monitoring-efforts
#15
David G Delaney, Lida T Teneva, Kostantinos A Stamoulis, Jonatha L Giddens, Haruko Koike, Tom Ogawa, Alan M Friedlander, John N Kittinger
Sustainable fisheries management is key to restoring and maintaining ecological function and benefits to people, but it requires accurate information about patterns of resource use, particularly fishing pressure. In most coral reef fisheries and other data-poor contexts, obtaining such information is challenging and remains an impediment to effective management. We developed the most comprehensive regional view of shore-based fishing effort and catch published to date, to show detailed fishing patterns from across the main Hawaiian Islands (MHI)...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225906/patient-engagement-in-kidney-research-opportunities-and-challenges-ahead
#16
REVIEW
Amber O Molnar, Moumita Barua, Ana Konvalinka, Kara Schick-Makaroff
Purpose of Review: Patient engagement in research is increasingly recognized as an important component of the research process and may facilitate translation of research findings. To heighten awareness on this important topic, this review presents opportunities and challenges of patient engagement in research, drawing on specific examples from 4 areas of Canadian kidney research conducted by New Investigators in the Kidney Research Scientist Core Education and National Training (KRESCENT) Program...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225889/efficacy-of-sonographic-and-biological-pleurodesis-indicators-of-malignant-pleural-effusion-simple-protocol-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Ioannis Psallidas, Hania E G Piotrowska, Ahmed Yousuf, Nikolaos I Kanellakis, Gayathri Kagithala, Seid Mohammed, Lei Clifton, John P Corcoran, Nicky Russell, Melissa Dobson, Robert F Miller, Najib M Rahman
Introduction: Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is common and currently in UK there are an estimated 50 000 new cases of MPE per year. Talc pleurodesis remains one of the most popular methods for fluid control. The value of thoracic ultrasound (TUS) imaging, before and after pleurodesis, in improving the quality and efficacy of care for patients with MPE remains unknown. Additionally, biomarkers of successful pleurodesis including measurement of pleural fluid proteins have not been validated in prospective studies...
2017: BMJ Open Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224549/why-we-need-a-golden-rule-for-peer-review
#18
Anthony G Tuckett, Mari Kangasniemi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223204/civil-discourse-and-peer-review
#19
EDITORIAL
Mary C Brucker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Nursing for Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223132/homelessness-and-emergency-medicine-a-review-of-the-literature
#20
Bisan A Salhi, Melissa H White, Stephen R Pitts, David W Wright
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to synthesize the available evidence on the demographics, prevalence, and clinical characteristics, and evidence-based management of homeless persons in the Emergency Department (ED). Where appropriate, we highlight knowledge gaps and suggest directions for future research. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature search following databases: PubMed, Ovid, and Google Scholar for articles published between January 1, 1990 and December 31, 2016...
December 9, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
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