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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913380/a-scoping-review-of-suicidality-and-alexithymia-the-need-to-consider-interoception
#1
REVIEW
Steven Davey, Jamin Halberstadt, Elliot Bell, Sunny Collings
BACKGROUND: Alexithymia is a problem of emotion regulation and for this reason alone may relate to suicidality. This article investigates the evidence for a direct relationship. It explores the possibility of an additional role for interoception in future research. METHODS: A scoping review of peer-reviewed journal articles examining alexithymia and suicidality was undertaken, followed by a critical assessment of the overall state of the evidence base in relation to interoception...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912824/the-natural-history-and-rehabilitative-outcomes-of-hearing-loss-in-congenital-cytomegalovirus-a-systematic-review
#2
Kyle T Fletcher, Erin M Wolf Horrell, John Ayugi, Catherine Irungu, Maria Muthoka, Liza M Creel, Cathy Lester, Matthew L Bush
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the literature regarding the natural history and rehabilitative outcomes of sensorineural hearing loss from congenital cytomegalovirus infections. DATA SOURCES AND STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: A systematic search was performed in PubMed, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and Web of Science to identify peer-reviewed research. Eligible studies were those containing original peer-reviewed research in English addressing either the natural history or rehabilitative outcomes of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV)...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912401/challenges-to-reshape-the-future-of-type-1-diabetes-research
#3
David Bleich, David H Wagner
Context: Immunotherapy trials to prevent type 1 diabetes have been unsuccessful for more than fifteen years. Understanding pitfalls and knowledge gaps in the immunology of type 1 diabetes should lead us in new directions that will yield better trial outcomes. A proposal is made for precision medicine trial design in future type 1 diabetes studies. Evidence Acquisition: High quality peer-reviewed basic science and clinical research trials for type 1 diabetes were used in this Perspectives article...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911901/patient-reported-experiences-of-using-community-rehabilitation-and-or-support-services-whilst-living-with-a-long-term-neurological-condition-a-qualitative-systematic-review-and-meta-aggregation
#4
Katherine Jackson, Sharon Hamilton, Susan Jones, Steven Barr
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to identify patient reported experiences of using community rehabilitation and/or support services whilst living with a long-term neurological condition, and perceptions of their impact on quality of life. METHODS: Nine electronic databases were searched for peer-reviewed qualitative studies from 2005 to 2016, which met the inclusion criteria. Critical appraisal, data extraction, and quality assessment of 37 included papers were performed by three reviewers...
June 18, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911684/insurance-companies-fighting-the-peer-review-empire-without-any-validity-the-case-for-addiction-and-pain-modalities-in-the-face-of-an-american-drug-epidemic
#5
K Blum, W Jacobs, E J Modestino, N DiNubile, D Baron, T McLaughlin, D Siwicki, I Elman, M Moran, E R Braverman, P K Thanos, R D Badgaiyan
The United States are amid an opioid overdose epidemic; we are challenged to provide non-addicting/non-pharmacological alternatives to assist in pain attenuation. There are proven strategies available to manage chronic pain effectively without opioids. Utilization review providers for insurance companies often ignore medicine based scientific peer-reviewed studies that warn against the chronic use of opioid medications, as well as the lack of evidence to support long-term use of opioids for pain. This paradigm must change if we are to indeed change the drug-embracing culture in American chronic pain management...
October 4, 2018: SEJ Surg Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911652/building-the-evidence-for-crps-research-from-a-lived-experience-perspective
#6
Colleen M Johnston, Florin I Oprescu, Marion Gray
Background and aims Pain is known to be a subjective experience yet the majority of pain related research does not address the lived experience of the condition. Difficult to diagnose, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) is often poorly managed. The aim of this paper was to identify and synthesise the currently available literature on experiences of living with chronic pain in order to understand where and how CRPS research may be best situated in the future. Methods A narrative review was performed and ProQuest, EBSCO, Informit, Scopus/Science Direct and Web of Science, Medline, CINHAL and Google Scholar were searched in order to identify the literature from 1998 until 2015...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910218/heart-rate-variability-and-occupational-stress-systematic-review
#7
Susanna Järvelin-Pasanen, Sanna Sinikallio, Mika P Tarvainen
The aim of this systematic review was to explore studies regarding association between occupational stress and heart rate variability (HRV) during work. We searched PubMed, Web of Science, Scopus, Cinahl and PsycINFO for peer-reviewed articles published in English between January 2005 and September 2017. A total of 10 articles met the inclusion criteria. The included articles were analyzed in terms of study design, study population, assessment of occupational stress and HRV, and the study limitations. Among the studies there were cross-sectional (n=9) studies and one longitudinal study design...
June 16, 2018: Industrial Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909372/an-international-qualitative-study-exploring-patients-experiences-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-study-set-up-and-protocol
#8
Astrid Christine Erber, Byron Arana, Issam Bennis, Afif Ben Salah, Aicha Boukthir, Maria Del Mar Castro Noriega, Mamoudou Cissé, Gláucia Fernandes Cota, Farhad Handjani, Mairie Guizaw Kebede, Trudie Lang, Liliana López Carvajal, Kevin Marsh, Dalila Martinez Medina, Emma Plugge, Piero Olliaro
INTRODUCTION: Lack of investments in drug development, lack of standardisation of clinical trials and the complexity of disease presentations contribute to the current lack of effective, safe and adapted treatments for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). One aspect concerns outcomes affecting patients' quality of life (QoL): these are hardly assessed in trials, despite potential functional and/or aesthetic impairment caused by CL, which typically affects disadvantaged and vulnerable people living in rural areas...
June 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908763/acceptability-and-feasibility-of-naloxone-prescribing-in-primary-care-settings-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Emily Behar, Rita Bagnulo, Phillip O Coffin
Naloxone access through established healthcare settings is critical to responding to the opioid crisis. We conducted a systematic review to assess the acceptability and feasibility of prescribing naloxone to patients in primary care. We queried PubMed, EmBase and CINAHL for US-based, peer-reviewed, full-length, original articles relating to acceptability or feasibility of prescribing naloxone in primary care. Searches yielded 270 unduplicated articles; one analyst reviewed all titles and abstracts. Two analysts independently reviewed eligible articles for study design, study outcome, and acceptability and/or feasibility...
June 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908409/heroism-and-nursing-a-thematic-review-of-the-literature
#10
REVIEW
Kathleen MacDonald, Jessica De Zylva, Margaret McAllister, Donna Lee Brien
OBJECTIVES: Nursing history is replete with examples of heroic individuals acting courageously to meet the needs of vulnerable patients and communities. Heroism exemplifies the pinnacle of self-actualised behaviour. It fuels the plots of countless human stories, and enthrals and inspires people. Yet, heroism may be seen as an extreme behaviour that only exceptional individuals are capable of enacting, and may thus be seen as out of reach for ordinary nurses, and something that could be risky to teach and disseminate...
June 8, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908148/the-value-of-u-s-pharmacopeial-standards-a-review-of-the-literature
#11
James Heyward, William Padula, Jonothan C Tierce, G Caleb Alexander
While there are many standard-setting health care organizations, the United States Pharmacopeia's (USP) role includes the creation of documentary and physical standards for therapeutics, including chemical drugs, excipients and biologics. Despite the ubiquity of these standards, little work has been done to characterize and quantify their value. We reviewed the peer-reviewed and grey literature relevant to such evaluations. The review yielded 36 articles, focused variously on accreditation and other standards in healthcare, the broad impact of pharmacopeial standards, and evaluations of specific USP standards...
June 13, 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908052/successful-scientific-writing-and-publishing-a-step-by-step-approach
#12
John K Iskander, Sara Beth Wolicki, Rebecca T Leeb, Paul Z Siegel
Scientific writing and publication are essential to advancing knowledge and practice in public health, but prospective authors face substantial challenges. Authors can overcome barriers, such as lack of understanding about scientific writing and the publishing process, with training and resources. The objective of this article is to provide guidance and practical recommendations to help both inexperienced and experienced authors working in public health settings to more efficiently publish the results of their work in the peer-reviewed literature...
June 14, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907979/predicting-future-citation-counts-of-scientific-manuscripts-submitted-for-publication-a-cohort-study-in-transplantology
#13
Michael Kossmeier, Georg Heinze
MAIN PROBLEM: Citations are widely used for measuring scientific impact. The goal of the present study is to predict citation counts of manuscripts submitted to Transplant International (TI) in the two calendar years following publication. METHODS: We considered a comprehensive set of 21 manuscript, author, and peer review related predictor variables available early in the peer review process. We also evaluated how successfully the peer-review process at TI identified and accepted the most promising manuscripts for publication...
June 16, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907802/evaluating-the-role-of-public-health-in-implementation-of-genomics-related-recommendations-a-case-study-of-hereditary-cancers-using-the-cdc-science-impact-framework
#14
REVIEW
Ridgely Fisk Green, Mary Ari, Katherine Kolor, W David Dotson, Scott Bowen, Nancy Habarta, Juan L Rodriguez, Lisa C Richardson, Muin J Khoury
Public health plays an important role in ensuring access to interventions that can prevent disease, including the implementation of evidence-based genomic recommendations. We used the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Science Impact Framework to trace the impact of public health activities and partnerships on the implementation of the 2009 Evaluation of Genomic Applications in Practice and Prevention (EGAPP) Lynch Syndrome screening recommendation and the 2005 and 2013 United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) BRCA1 and BRCA2 testing recommendations...
June 15, 2018: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907540/american-society-for-metabolic-and-bariatric-surgery-review-of-the-literature-on-one-anastomosis-gastric-bypass
#15
Manish Parikh, Dan Eisenberg, Jason Johnson, Maher El-Chaar
The following review is being published by the American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery in response to numerous inquiries made to the Society by patients, physicians, society members, hospitals, and others regarding one-anastomosis gastric bypass as a primary treatment for obesity or metabolic disease. The review is based on current clinical knowledge, expert opinion, and published peer-reviewed scientific evidence available at this time. The review is not intended as, and should not be construed as, stating or establishing a local, regional, or national standard of care...
May 9, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905583/contact-lens-solutions-and-contact-lens-discomfort-examining-the-correlations-between-solution-components-keratitis-and-contact-lens-discomfort
#16
Christopher J Kuc, Kenneth A Lebow
OBJECTIVES: This article will examine the current literature, as it relates to contact lens discomfort (CLD) secondary to contact lens solutions. The reader will better understand the characteristics of contact lenses, as they uniquely interact with each type of contact lens solution and also gain a better comprehension of the components of contact lens solution such as preservatives, surfactants, and chelating agents, which may contribute to discomfort. By investigating corneal staining theory and the mechanisms that contribute to its presence, the reader will gain insight into this clinical finding, which relates to selection of contact lens solutions...
June 13, 2018: Eye & Contact Lens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905108/publication-rate-of-avian-medicine-conference-abstracts-and-influencing-factors-2011-2015
#17
Christina Doukaki, Dr MedVet, Hugues Beaufrère, Dr Med Vet, Minh Huynh
International conferences on avian medicine and surgery aim to disseminate scientific and evidence-based information in the form of oral presentations and posters. Most manuscripts presented are printed in the conference proceedings as abstracts. Subsequent publication in a scientific peer-reviewed journal is the natural outcome of the research cycle, although studies have shown that the vast majority of conference abstracts are not published. The purpose of this study was to explore 1) the fate of abstracts presented in avian conferences (Association of Avian Veterinarians, European Association of Avian Veterinarians, International Conference on Avian Herpetological and Exotic Mammal Medicine) in the years 2011-2015, 2) assess the publication rate in peer-reviewed journals, 3) describe the time course of subsequent publication, and 4) identify factors associated with increased likelihood of publication...
June 2018: Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904533/using-the-tools-of-informal-science-education-to-connect-science-and-the-public
#18
April Killikelly
Traditional modes of communication within the scientific community, including presentation of data at conferences and in peer-reviewed publications, use technical jargon that limits public engagement. While altering word choice is an important method for increasing public engagement, the data itself may not be enough. For example, communicating the lack of evidence that vaccines cause autism did not convince many reluctant parents to vaccinate their kids (Nyhan, Reifler, Richey, Freed, Pediatrics 133:e835-e842, 2014)...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904521/communicating-microbiology-concepts-from-multiple-contexts-through-poster-presentations
#19
Amy Borello Gruss
Accredited environmental engineering degrees require graduates to be able to apply their scholarship to concepts of professional practice and design. This transferable skill of relating what you learn in one setting to another situation is vital for all professions, not just engineering. A course project involving designing and presenting a professional poster was implemented to enhance student mastery in Environmental Engineering Microbiology while also developing communication and transferable skills vital for all majors...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29904518/poster-development-and-presentation-to-improve-scientific-inquiry-and-broaden-effective-scientific-communication-skills
#20
Ines Rauschenbach, Ramaydalis Keddis, Diane Davis
We have redesigned a tried-and-true laboratory exercise into an inquiry-based team activity exploring microbial growth control, and implemented this activity as the basis for preparing a scientific poster in a large, multi-section laboratory course. Spanning most of the semester, this project culminates in a poster presentation of data generated from a student-designed experiment. Students use and apply the scientific method and improve written and verbal communication skills. The guided inquiry format of this exercise provides the opportunity for student collaboration through cooperative learning...
2018: Journal of Microbiology & Biology Education: JMBE
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