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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053590/land-use-regression-modeling-of-outdoor-noise-exposure-in-informal-settlements-in-western-cape-south-africa
#1
Chloé Sieber, Martina S Ragettli, Mark Brink, Olaniyan Toyib, Roslyn Baatjies, Apolline Saucy, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Mohamed Aqiel Dalvie, Martin Röösli
In low- and middle-income countries, noise exposure and its negative health effects have been little explored. The present study aimed to assess the noise exposure situation in adults living in informal settings in the Western Cape Province, South Africa. We conducted continuous one-week outdoor noise measurements at 134 homes in four different areas. These data were used to develop a land use regression (LUR) model to predict A-weighted day-evening-night equivalent sound levels (Lden) from geographic information system (GIS) variables...
October 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053439/factors-influencing-indonesian-women-s-use-of-maternal-health-care-services
#2
Anna Kurniati, Ching-Min Chen, Ferry Efendi, Sarni Maniar Berliana
Employing the 2012 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey data, we aimed to examine factors influencing married women to use maternity services. Data of married women who had given birth in the last five years before the survey were included in the analysis (n = 14,672). Factors of education, employment, women's age at first marriage, age at first birth, spousal education difference, contraceptive use, place of residence, and woman's attitude toward wife beating were associated with the use of antenatal care, institutional delivery, and postnatal care services...
October 20, 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051836/high-agreement-between-the-new-mongolian-electronic-immunization-register-and-written-immunization-records-a-health-centre-based-audit
#3
Jocelyn Chan, Tuya Mungun, Narangerel Dorj, Baigal Volody, Uranjargal Chuluundorj, Enkhtuya Munkhbat, Gerelmaa Danzan, Cattram D Nguyen, Sophie La Vincente, Fiona Russell
INTRODUCTION: Monitoring of vaccination coverage is vital for the prevention and control of vaccine-preventable diseases. Electronic immunization registers have been increasingly adopted to assist with the monitoring of vaccine coverage; however, there is limited literature about the use of electronic registers in low- and middle-income countries such as Mongolia. We aimed to determine the accuracy and completeness of the newly introduced electronic immunization register for calculating vaccination coverage and determining vaccine effectiveness within two districts in Mongolia in comparison to written health provider records...
July 2017: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051778/reverse-innovation-in-maternal-health
#4
Tabassum Firoz, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Hannah L Nathan, Beth Payne, Laura A Magee
Reverse innovation, defined as the flow of ideas from low- to high-income settings, is gaining traction in healthcare. With an increasing focus on value, investing in low-cost but effective and innovative solutions can be of mutual benefit to both high- and low-income countries. Reverse innovation has a role in addressing maternal health challenges in high-income countries by harnessing these innovative solutions for vulnerable populations especially in rural and remote regions. In this paper, we present three examples of 'reverse innovation' for maternal health: a low-cost, easy-to-use blood pressure device (CRADLE), a diagnostic algorithm (mini PIERS) and accompanying mobile app (PIERS on the Move), and a novel method for mapping maternal outcomes (MOM)...
September 2017: Obstetric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051442/pharmaceutical-wastewater-effluent-source-of-contaminants-of-emerging-concern-phytotoxicity-of-metronidazole-to-soybean-glycine-max
#5
Okhumode H Yakubu
Industrial discharge of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) into the environment in some middle- and low-income countries is not sufficiently regulated. The phytotoxicity of metronidazole (FLAGYL)-one of the most commonly used over the counter (OTC) antibiotics, to soybean (Glycine max) is investigated. Relative growth rate (RGR) expressed in gram per gram per day (gg(-1)d(-1)) was applied to plants destructively harvested at maturity (42 d), to determine the toxicological impact. Differences between mean RGR of the three groups were performed at 0...
April 2, 2017: Toxics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29050889/nine-point-plan-to-improve-care-of-the-injured-patient-a-case-study-from-kenya
#6
Abdulgafoor M Bachani, Isaac Botchey, Fatima Paruk, Daniel Wako, Hassan Saidi, Bethuel Aliwa, Simon Kibias, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Injury rates in low- and middle-income countries are among the greatest in the world, with >90% of unintentional injury occurring in low- or middle-income countries. The risk of death from injuries is 6 times more in low- and middle-income countries than in high-income countries. This increased rate of injury is partly due to the lack of availability and access to timely and appropriate medical care for injured individuals. Kenya, like most low- and middle-income countries, has seen a 5-fold increase in injury fatalities throughout the past 4 decades, in large part related to the absence of a coordinated, integrated system of trauma care...
October 16, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049971/food-addiction-prevalence-psychopathological-correlates-and-associations-with-quality-of-life-in-a-large-sample
#7
Paulo R Nunes-Neto, Cristiano A Köhler, Felipe B Schuch, Marco Solmi, João Quevedo, Michael Maes, Andrea Murru, Eduard Vieta, Roger S McIntyre, Susan L McElroy, Ashley N Gearhardt, Brendon Stubbs, André F Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of food addiction in a large Brazilian non-clinical sample. Sociodemographic and psychopathological correlates of food addiction as well as associations with quality (QoL) domains were also investigated. METHODS: This cross-sectional study obtained data from a Brazilian anonymous web-based research platform (N = 7639; 71.3% females). Participants provided sociodemographic data and completed the modified Yale Food Addiction Scale 2...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048731/caesarean-delivery-and-anaemia-risk-in-children-in-45-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Calistus Wilunda, Satomi Yoshida, Marta Blangiardo, Ana Pilar Betran, Shiro Tanaka, Koji Kawakami
Caesarean delivery (CD) may reduce placental transfusion and cause poor iron-related haematological indices in the neonate. We aimed to explore the association between CD and anaemia in children aged <5 years utilising data from Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 2005 and 2015 in 45 low- and middle-income countries (N = 132,877). We defined anaemia categories based on haemoglobin levels, analysed each country's data separately using propensity-score weighting, pooled the country-specific odds ratios (ORs) using random effects meta-analysis, and performed meta-regression to determine whether the association between CD and anaemia varies by national CD rate, anaemia prevalence, and gross national income...
October 19, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047365/the-weight-of-work-the-association-between-maternal-employment-and-overweight-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#9
Vanessa M Oddo, Sara N Bleich, Keshia M Pollack, Pamela J Surkan, Noel T Mueller, Jessica C Jones-Smith
BACKGROUND: Maternal employment has increased in low-and middle-income countries (LMIC) and is a hypothesized risk factor for maternal overweight due to increased income and behavioral changes related to time allocation. However, few studies have investigated this relationship in LMIC. METHODS: Using cross-sectional samples from Demographic and Health Surveys, we investigated the association between maternal employment and overweight (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 25 kg/m(2)) among women in 38 LMIC (N = 162,768)...
October 18, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047020/rotavirus-epidemiology-and-vaccine-demand-considering-bangladesh-chapter-through-the-book-of-global-disease-burden
#10
REVIEW
Abdullah Mahmud-Al-Rafat, Abdul Muktadir, Hasneen Muktadir, Mahbubul Karim, Arpan Maheshwari, Mohammad Mainul Ahasan
BACKGROUND: Rotavirus is the major cause of gastroenteritis in children throughout the world. Every year, a large number of children aged < 5 years die from rotavirus-related diarrhoeal diseases. Though these infections are vaccine-preventable, the vast majority of children in low-income countries suffer from the infection. The situation leads to severe economic loss and constitutes a major public health problem. METHODS: We searched electronic databases including PubMed and Google scholar using the following words: "features of rotavirus," "epidemiology of rotavirus," "rotavirus serotypes," "rotavirus in Bangladesh," "disease burden of rotavirus," "rotavirus vaccine," "low efficacy of rotavirus vaccine," "inactivated rotavirus vaccine"...
October 19, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046815/non-adherence-to-inhalational-medications-and-associated-factors-among-patients-with-asthma-in-a-referral-hospital-in-ethiopia-using-validated-tool-tai
#11
Asnakew Achaw Ayele, Henok Getachew Tegegn
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory condition of the airways that affects roughly 358 million people globally. It is a serious global health problem with an increasing prevalence worldwide. Most people affected are in low- and middle-income countries including Ethiopia. The association between non -adherence and poor disease control is clearly stated in different literatures. The main objective of the present study was to assess self-reported non- adherence level and to identify the potential factors associated with non-adherence...
2017: Asthma research and practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046715/mental-health-training-for-primary-health-care-workers-and-implication-for-success-of-integration-of-mental-health-into-primary-care-evaluation-of-effect-on-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-kap
#12
Getinet Ayano, Dawit Assefa, Kibrom Haile, Asrat Chaka, Kelemua Haile, Melat Solomon, Kalkidan Yohannis, Akilew Awoke, Kemal Jemal
BACKGROUND: Mental disorders are always remained a neglected public health problems in low and middle-income countries (LMICs), most people with mental disorders never receive effective care and there is a large treatment gap. In order to solve the problem integration of mental health into primary health care is recommended and in Ethiopia implementation of the scale of mental health services at primary health care level was started in 2014. For the success of the integration of mental health into primary health care, primary care health professionals are the key personnel who are responsible for the management of mental, neurologic and substance use disorders...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046408/-smart-diagnosis-of-parasites-using-smartphones
#13
Muhammad A Saeed, Abdul Jabbar
Accurate and rapid diagnosis is crucial in combating parasitic diseases that cause millions of deaths worldwide. However, the scarcity of specialized diagnostic equipment in low-to-middle income countries is one of the barriers in effective management of parasitic diseases, which warrants the need for alternative, inexpensive and point-of-care diagnostic tools. Due to their multiple built-in sensors, smartphones offer cost-effective alternative to expensive diagnostic devices. However, the use of smartphones in parasitic diagnoses remains in its infancy...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045697/impact-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-drug-resistance-on-treatment-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-infection-in-children-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
George K Siberry, Anouk Amzel, Artur Ramos, Emilia D Rivadeneira
Children living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) experience higher rates of virologic failure than adults. Human immunodeficiency virus drug resistance (HIVDR) plays a major role in pediatric HIV treatment failure because nonsuppressive maternal antiretroviral therapy (ART) during pregnancy and breastfeeding as well as infant antiretroviral prophylaxis lead to high rates of pretreatment drug resistance to regimens most commonly used in children living with HIV...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043919/beyond-survival-5-year-neurodevelopmental-follow-up-of-a-cohort-of-preterm-infants-in-colombo-sri-lanka
#15
S P Sumanasena, D V Vipulaguna, M M Mendis, N S Gunawardena
BACKGROUND: There is a lack of information on long-term neurodevelopmental outcome in preterm neonates in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: To describe the developmental attainments of preterm neonates followed up for 5 years and to identify the risk factors for impairment. METHOD: A prospective descriptive cohort study was undertaken in neonates of 34 weeks gestation born within a period of 12 months at a single tertiary maternity and neonatal unit in Colombo, Sri Lanka...
October 18, 2017: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043417/community-acquired-pneumonia-in-children-a-changing-spectrum-of-disease
#16
REVIEW
David M le Roux, Heather J Zar
Pneumonia remains the leading cause of death in children outside the neonatal period, despite advances in prevention and management. Over the last 20 years, there has been a substantial decrease in the incidence of childhood pneumonia and pneumonia-associated mortality. New conjugate vaccines against Haemophilus influenzae type b and Streptococcus pneumoniae have contributed to decreases in radiologic, clinical and complicated pneumonia cases and have reduced hospitalization and mortality. The importance of co-infections with multiple pathogens and the predominance of viral-associated disease are emerging...
October 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043408/what-is-the-cost-of-free-cleft-surgery-in-the-middle-east
#17
Samar Sheriff, Hassan J Zawahrah, Lenisa V Chang, Sonay Beyatli, Haithem M Elhadi Babiker, Ashton L Roach, Natalyia Biskup, John A van Aalst
BACKGROUND: This project explores the costs of cleft lip and/or palate surgeries in Palestine and Sudan, two low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), in the Middle East. Our purpose is to examine the veracity of advertisements from international cleft organizations claiming that "250 US dollars (USD) covers the cost of a single cleft surgery." We hypothesize that the actual cost of surgery is greater than 250 USD. METHODS: Costs for each cleft surgery were organized broadly into 5 categories: hospital charges, personnel (time and money spent for health professionals to travel to LMIC, including lost wages), tests, consumables, and reusables...
October 17, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042388/is-overseas-volunteering-beneficial-to-the-nhs-the-analysis-of-volunteers-responses-to-a-feedback-questionnaire-following-experiences-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#18
Daniel Yeomans, Grace Le, Hemant Pandit, Chris Lavy
INTRODUCTION: Locally requested and planned overseas volunteering in low-income and middle-income countries by National Health Service (NHS) staff can have benefits for the host or receiving nation, but its impact on the professional development of NHS staff is not proven. The Knowledge and Skills Framework (KSF) and Leadership Framework (LF) are two tools used by employers as a measure of individuals' development. We have used dimensions from both tools as a method of evaluating the benefit to NHS doctors who volunteer overseas...
October 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042200/announcing-the-publication-of-the-who-immunological-basis-for-immunization-series-module-on-influenza-vaccines
#19
Justin R Ortiz, Joachim Hombach
In 2017, the World Health Organization (WHO) published a document aimed at facilitating influenza vaccine introduction and use in low- and middle-income countries. The document "The Immunological Basis for Immunization Series: Influenza Vaccines" is freely available on the WHO website. The main purpose of this document is to give immunization managers and vaccination professionals an authoritative but easily-understood overview of the scientific basis of influenza vaccination and the immunological basis for the WHO position on influenza vaccines...
October 14, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041797/geographical-distribution-and-profile-of-medical-doctors-in-public-sector-hospitals-of-the-limpopo-province-south-africa
#20
Samuel T Ntuli, Edwin Maboya
BACKGROUND: The shortage and unequal distribution of medical doctors in low- and middle-income countries continues to be a public health concern. OBJECTIVE: To establish the geographical distribution and demographic profile of medical doctors in public sector hospitals of the Limpopo Province, South Africa. METHOD: The PERSAL system was used to obtain information on the number of medical doctors employed in public sector hospitals of the Limpopo Province...
September 27, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
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