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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735709/interpersonal-problems-across-levels-of-the-psychopathology-hierarchy
#1
Jeffrey M Girard, Aidan G C Wright, Joseph E Beeney, Sophie A Lazarus, Lori N Scott, Stephanie D Stepp, Paul A Pilkonis
We examined the relationship between psychopathology and interpersonal problems in a sample of 825 clinical and community participants. Sixteen psychiatric diagnoses and five transdiagnostic dimensions were examined in relation to self-reported interpersonal problems. The structural summary method was used with the Inventory of Interpersonal Problems Circumplex Scales to examine interpersonal problem profiles for each diagnosis and dimension. We built a structural model of mental disorders including factors corresponding to detachment (avoidant personality, social phobia, major depression), internalizing (dependent personality, borderline personality, panic disorder, posttraumatic stress, major depression), disinhibition (antisocial personality, drug dependence, alcohol dependence, borderline personality), dominance (histrionic personality, narcissistic personality, paranoid personality), and compulsivity (obsessive-compulsive personality)...
July 3, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734184/an-empirical-review-of-potential-mediators-and-mechanisms-of-prolonged-exposure-therapy
#2
REVIEW
Andrew A Cooper, Erin G Clifton, Norah C Feeny
Prolonged exposure (PE) is an empirically-supported treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), but the precise mechanism(s) by which PE promotes symptom change are not well established. Understanding how PE works is critical to improving clinical outcomes, advancing dissemination efforts, and enhancing transdiagnostic models of psychopathology. However, mechanisms research conducted in clinical treatment settings is complex, and findings may be difficult to interpret without appropriate context. This is the first review of potential mechanisms of PE to provide such context, by rigorously evaluating empirical findings in line with essential criteria for effective research on mechanisms (or mediators)...
July 11, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718867/-defeated-by-life-validation-of-a-german-version-of-the-defeat-scale-ds-d
#3
Thomas Forkmann, Jana-Sophie Stenzel, Dajana Rath, Heide Glaesmer, Tobias Teismann
Introduction Defeat and entrapment are transdiagnostic constructs that play an important role in the development of depression, anxiety, suicidality and trauma-associated mental disorders. The present study aimed at presenting and validating a first German version of the Defeat-Scale (DS-d). Material and methods Through a web-based survey, N=480 participants were recruited (74% female; MAge=28.5, SDAge=11.1, Range: 18-80 years); 14.2% reported to currently suffer from a mental disorder, 8.5% reported at least one lifetime suicide attempt...
June 29, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710918/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-eating-disorders-an-update-on-the-field
#4
REVIEW
Alice Kesby, Sarah Maguire, Rachel Brownlow, Jessica R Grisham
Pathological fear and anxiety regarding food, eating, weight and body shape are at the core of eating disorder (ED) psychopathology. To manage anxiety, patients develop complicated repertoires of ritualistic and repetitive behaviours, which can lead to total functional impairment. Yet the cognitive processes underlying anxiety, fear, and anxiety-driven behaviours in EDs remain poorly understood. Intolerance of Uncertainty (IU) is defined as a tendency to react negatively on an emotional, cognitive, and behavioural level to uncertain situations and events...
July 5, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709470/the-effects-of-cognitive-bias-modification-training-and-oxytocin-administration-on-trust-in-maternal-support-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Martine W F T Verhees, Eva Ceulemans, Marian J Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marinus H van IJzendoorn, Simon de Winter, Guy Bosmans
BACKGROUND: Lack of trust in parental support is a transdiagnostic risk factor for the development of psychological problems throughout the lifespan. Research suggests that children's cognitive attachment representations and related information processing biases could be an important target for interventions aiming to build trust in the parent-child relationship. A paradigm that can alter these biases and increase trust is that of Cognitive Bias Modification (CBM), during which a target processing bias is systematically trained...
July 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691848/contributions-from-outstanding-young-eating-disorder-investigators-what-we-are-learning-how-we-are-learning-it-and-where-might-we-go-next
#6
Gregory T Smith, Pamela K Keel
This is a time of striking progress in the field of eating disorders, and outstanding young psychological scientists are playing an important role in this progress. This special section provides a sample of this work, which is characterized by a diversity of research questions and methods. The importance of transdiagnostic processes that increase risk for both disordered eating and other dysfunction is reflected in articles that identify shared familial risk across disorders, integrate transdiagnostic and eating disorder-specific risk, and examine the impact of affective processing on restricting behavior...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691840/eating-disorder-specific-risk-factors-moderate-the-relationship-between-negative-urgency-and-binge-eating-a-behavioral-genetic-investigation
#7
Sarah E Racine, Jessica L VanHuysse, Pamela K Keel, S Alexandra Burt, Michael C Neale, Steven Boker, Kelly L Klump
Theoretical models of binge eating and eating disorders include both transdiagnostic and eating disorder-specific risk factors. Negative urgency (i.e., the tendency to act impulsively when distressed) is a critical transdiagnostic risk factor for binge eating, but limited research has examined interactions between negative urgency and disorder-specific variables. Investigating these interactions can help identify the circumstances under which negative urgency is most strongly associated with binge eating. We examined whether prominent risk factors (i...
July 2017: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691520/caring-for-me-and-you-the-co-production-of-a-computerised-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-ccbt-package-for-carers-of-people-with-dementia
#8
Susie A Hales, Jane Fossey
OBJECTIVES: Carers of people with dementia face barriers in accessing therapy for mental health difficulties. Computerised cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) packages can be effective in treating a range of presentations; however, tailored packages for carers' unique needs are lacking. Our aim was to design a cCBT package for carers to address the limitations of previous online interventions, by including users and experts as consultants and collaborators throughout the project. METHOD: We adopted a three-phase approach to the development process...
July 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689019/common-versus-specific-factors-in-psychotherapy-opening-the-black-box
#9
REVIEW
Roger Mulder, Greg Murray, Julia Rucklidge
Do psychotherapies work primarily through the specific factors described in treatment manuals, or do they work through common factors? In attempting to unpack this ongoing debate between specific and common factors, we highlight limitations in the existing evidence base and the power battles and competing paradigms that influence the literature. The dichotomy is much less than it might first appear. Most specific factor theorists now concede that common factors have importance, whereas the common factor theorists produce increasingly tight definitions of bona fide therapy...
July 5, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688266/neural-hormonal-responses-to-negative-affective-stimuli-impact-of-dysphoric-mood-and-sex
#10
K Mareckova, L Holsen, R Admon, S Whitfield-Gabrieli, L J Seidman, S L Buka, A Klibanski, J M Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Maladaptive responses to negative affective stimuli are pervasive, including clinically ill and healthy people, and men and women respond differently at neural and hormonal levels. Inspired by the Research Domain Criteria initiative, we used a transdiagnostic approach to investigate the impact of sex and dysphoric mood on neural-hormonal responses to negative affective stimuli. METHODS: Participants included 99 individuals with major depressive disorder, psychosis and healthy controls...
November 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687870/-genuine-motor-phenomena-in-schizophrenic-psychoses-theoretical-background-and-definition-of-context
#11
D Hirjak, G Northoff, P A Thomann, K M Kubera, R C Wolf
Besides positive and negative symptoms, motor abnormalities have been increasingly recognized as central symptoms of schizophrenia. Recent investigations of antipsychotic-naive first-episode patients with schizophrenia found significantly higher rates of genuine motor abnormalities (GMA) when compared to healthy individuals. The first part of this article introduces the historical and clinical background of GMA in schizophrenia. In the second part the relevance of scientific research and clinical implication of GMA in schizophrenia are discussed...
July 7, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683115/using-machine-learning-and-surface-reconstruction-to-accurately-differentiate-different-trajectories-of-mood-and-energy-dysregulation-in-youth
#12
Amelia Versace, Vinod Sharma, Michele A Bertocci, Genna Bebko, Satish Iyengar, Amanda Dwojak, Lisa Bonar, Susan B Perlman, Claudiu Schirda, Michael Travis, Mary Kay Gill, Vaibhav A Diwadkar, Jeffrey L Sunshine, Scott K Holland, Robert A Kowatch, Boris Birmaher, David Axelson, Thomas W Frazier, L Eugene Arnold, Mary A Fristad, Eric A Youngstrom, Sarah M Horwitz, Robert L Findling, Mary L Phillips
Difficulty regulating positive mood and energy is a feature that cuts across different pediatric psychiatric disorders. Yet, little is known regarding the neural mechanisms underlying different developmental trajectories of positive mood and energy regulation in youth. Recent studies indicate that machine learning techniques can help elucidate the role of neuroimaging measures in classifying individual subjects by specific symptom trajectory. Cortical thickness measures were extracted in sixty-eight anatomical regions covering the entire brain in 115 participants from the Longitudinal Assessment of Manic Symptoms (LAMS) study and 31 healthy comparison youth (12...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675592/exploring-types-of-family-environments-in-youth-with-eating-disorders
#13
Sabrina M Darrow, Erin C Accurso, Emily R Nauman, Andrea B Goldschmidt, Daniel Le Grange
While many studies have explored the relationship between different eating disorder diagnoses and the familial social environment, current evidence does not support associations between distinct family interaction patterns (e.g. high enmeshment) and particular diagnoses (e.g. anorexia nervosa). The current study seeks to move beyond the current literature to explore whether empirically derived subtypes of family environment are associated with clinical features within a transdiagnostic sample of youth seeking treatment for eating disorders (n = 123)...
July 4, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669209/the-neural-correlates-of-transdiagnostic-dimensions-of-psychopathology
#14
Deanna M Barch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668716/replication-of-rs300774-a-genetic-biomarker-near-acp1-associated-with-suicide-attempts-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-relation-to-brain-cholesterol-biosynthesis
#15
Jiang Li, Akane Yoshikawa, Herbert Y Meltzer
The aim of this study was to determine if three biomarkers for suicide attempts previously identified and replicated in a genome-wide association (GWAS) study of bipolar disorder (BD) suicide attempters also predicted suicide attempts in patients prospectively diagnosed with schizophrenia (SCZ) or schizoaffective disorder (SAD). 162 genetically-verified Caucasian patients with SCZ or SAD were phenotyped for presence (45.7%) or absence of a lifetime suicide attempt. Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were genotyped or partially imputed from a GWAS dataset...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662637/the-role-of-metacognition-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-psychosis-an-analogue-study
#16
Kristen Hagen, Stian Solem, Håvard Berg Opstad, Bjarne Hansen, Roger Hagen
BACKGROUND: Several studies have indicated that obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a common comorbidity in patients with psychotic disorders, but there is sparse knowledge about the relationship between symptoms of OCD and psychotic symptoms. Metacognitions which guides thinking and coping is theorized to be a transdiagnostic component central for development and maintenance of psychological disorders, OCD and psychosis included. The aim of the study was therefore to explore how symptoms of OCD and metacognitions relate to symptoms of psychosis...
June 29, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661189/transdiagnostic-group-based-occupational-rehabilitation-for-participants-with-chronic-pain-chronic-fatigue-and-common-mental-disorders-a-feasibility-study
#17
Karen Walseth Hara, Petter Christian Borchgrevink, Henrik Børsting Jacobsen, Marius Steiro Fimland, Marit By Rise, Sigmund Gismervik, Astrid Woodhouse
PURPOSE: The aim was to investigate the feasibility of introducing a novel transdiagnostic occupational rehabilitation program delivered in groups mixing participants with chronic pain, chronic fatigue and common mental disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Observational data on group climate and individual participation were triangulated with qualitative data from focus group interviews on the participants' experiences with transdiagnostic groups. RESULTS: The study included 222 participants receiving a temporary work disability benefit...
June 29, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661022/transdiagnostic-emotional-vulnerabilities-linking-obsessive-compulsive-and-depressive-symptoms-in-a-community-based-sample-of-adolescents
#18
Gregory S Chasson, Mariel S Bello, Alexandria M Luxon, Trevor A A Graham, Adam M Leventhal
BACKGROUND: Transdiagnostic emotional vulnerabilities are suspected to underlie psychopathologic comorbidity but have received little attention in adolescent emotional pathology literature. We examined distress tolerance, anxiety sensitivity, and anhedonia as concomitant transdiagnostic mechanisms that account for (i.e., statistically mediate) the covariance between adolescent obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) symptoms. METHOD: Data on MDD, OCD, and the three aforementioned transdiagnostic vulnerabilities were collected from a community-based sample of 3,094 ninth graders in a large metropolitan area and analyzed using mixed effects modeling to evaluate mediation effects...
June 29, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654774/fkbp5-moderation-of-the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-and-maladaptive-emotion-regulation-strategies-in-adolescents
#19
Thorhildur Halldorsdottir, Ana Paula Soares de Matos, Yvonne Awaloff, Eiríkur Örn Arnarson, W Edward Craighead, Elisabeth B Binder
Maladaptive emotion regulation strategies, such as rumination and catastrophizing, are transdiagnostic risk factors for psychopathology. FK506-binding protein 51 (FKBP5) has been found to moderate the relationship between stressful life events and various psychiatric disorders. Given the cross-disorder moderation effect of FKBP5 at the diagnostic level, the aim of the current study was to examine whether the relationship between exposure to childhood trauma and transdiagnostic maladaptive emotion regulation processes would also be moderated by genetic FKBP5 variation in a community sample of adolescents...
June 17, 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654667/development-and-initial-implementation-of-the-dynamic-assessment-treatment-algorithm-data
#20
Katya C Fernandez, Aaron J Fisher, Cyrus Chi
Given the recent increase in transdiagnostic research, it is important to discern how dimensional models of psychopathology could be used to guide personalized, dynamic assessment and treatment of symptoms. Using the person-specific approach described by Fisher (2015), we devised an initial 4-step algorithm for devising a treatment plan based on modular cognitive behavioral therapy using results obtained from within-person factor analyses and dynamic factor models. Then, we describe the improvement and digitization of the algorithm, termed Dynamic Assessment Treatment Algorithm (DATA)...
2017: PloS One
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