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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168283/emotion-regulation-as-a-transdiagnostic-feature-among-eating-disorders-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-approach
#1
Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Cristina Vintró-Alcaraz, Isabel Sánchez, Nadine Riesco, Zaida Agüera, Roser Granero, Susana Jiménez-Múrcia, José M Menchón, Janet Treasure, Fernando Fernández-Aranda
Emotion regulation (ER) difficulties are observed in eating disorders (EDs). However, few studies have explored ER before and after treatment. The aims are as follows: to explore ER difficulties across ED types and a healthy control (HC) group (Study 1) and to assess pretreatment and post-treatment changes among ED types (Study 2). In Study 1, adult women with EDs (n = 438) and HC (n = 126) completed an assessment including Eating Disorders Inventory-2, Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale and Symptom Checklist-90-Revised...
November 23, 2017: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168106/effects-of-exercise-on-depression-and-anxiety-a-comparison-to-transdiagnostic-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#2
Kristín B Ólafsdóttir, Hafrún Kristjánsdóttir, Jose M Saavedra
The aims of this study were (i) to know the effects of an exercise program on a group of people with depression and anxiety and (ii) to compare theses effects with a transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral group therapy (TCBGT). The participants were 15 people with depression and/or anxiety symptoms. The participants followed an exercise program. Depression and anxiety symptoms were assessed with validated questionnaires. An exercise program can be used as a treatment option for people with depression and/or anxiety with good results in comparison with TCBGT...
November 22, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163870/transdiagnostic-culturally-adapted-cbt-with-farsi-speaking-refugees-a-pilot-study
#3
Schahryar Kananian, Sarah Ayoughi, Arieja Farugie, Devon Hinton, Ulrich Stangier
Background: Approximately half of all asylum seekers suffer from trauma-related disorders requiring treatment, among them Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and somatic symptoms. There is a lack of easily accessible, low-threshold treatments taking the cultural background into account. Culturally Adapted CBT (CA CBT) is a well evaluated, transdiagnostic group intervention for refugees, using psychoeducation, meditation, and Yoga-like exercises. Objective: An uncontrolled pilot study with male Farsi-speaking refugees from Afghanistan and Iran was conducted to investigate feasibility with this ethnic group; a group for which no previous CBT trials have been reported...
2017: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161197/acceptance-and-psychological-change-at-the-higher-levels-of-care-a-naturalistic-outcome-study
#4
Keegan Walden, Jamie Manwaring, Dan V Blalock, Emmett Bishop, Alan Duffy, Craig Johnson
This naturalistic outcome study reports on psychological change among a large (N = 617), transdiagnostic sample of eating disordered adults treated at higher levels of care at a private facility. Patients were assessed at admission and discharge for eating disorder psychopathology, depression, personality, and acceptance. Effect sizes ranged from d = .29 to d = 1.29, and the majority of participants (58.2%) were treatment responders, with BN patients showing a higher response rate than AN-R patients. Increased acceptance over the course of treatment was strongly associated with decreased eating disorder risk and may be an important factor in recovery...
November 21, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154612/alexithymia-is-associated-with-a-multidomain-multidimensional-failure-of-interoception-evidence-from-novel-tests
#5
Jennifer Murphy, Caroline Catmur, Geoffrey Bird
Interoception, the perception of the body's internal state, contributes to numerous aspects of higher-order cognition. Several theories suggest a causal role for atypical interoception in specific psychiatric disorders, including a recent claim that atypical interoception represents a transdiagnostic impairment across disorders characterized by reduced perception of one's own emotion (alexithymia). Such theories are supported predominantly by evidence from only one interoceptive domain (cardiac); however, evidence of domain-specific interoceptive ability highlights the need to assess interoception in noncardiac domains...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144220/is-low-cognitive-functioning-a-predictor-or-consequence-of-major-depressive-disorder-a-test-in-two-longitudinal-birth-cohorts
#6
Jonathan D Schaefer, Matthew A Scult, Avshalom Caspi, Louise Arseneault, Daniel W Belsky, Ahmad R Hariri, Honalee Harrington, Renate Houts, Sandhya Ramrakha, Richie Poulton, Terrie E Moffitt
Cognitive impairment has been identified as an important aspect of major depressive disorder (MDD). We tested two theories regarding the association between MDD and cognitive functioning using data from longitudinal cohort studies. One theory, the cognitive reserve hypothesis, suggests that higher cognitive ability in childhood decreases risk of later MDD. The second, the scarring hypothesis, instead suggests that MDD leads to persistent cognitive deficits following disorder onset. We tested both theories in the Dunedin Study, a population-representative cohort followed from birth to midlife and assessed repeatedly for both cognitive functioning and psychopathology...
November 16, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137655/can-integrating-the-memory-support-intervention-into-cognitive-therapy-improve-depression-outcome-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Allison G Harvey, Lu Dong, Jason Y Lee, Nicole B Gumport, Steven D Hollon, Sophia Rabe-Hesketh, Kerrie Hein, Kirsten Haman, Mary E McNamara, Claire Weaver, Armando Martinez, Haruka Notsu, Garret Zieve, Courtney C Armstrong
BACKGROUND: The Memory Support Intervention was developed in response to evidence showing that: (1) patient memory for treatment is poor, (2) poor memory for treatment is associated with poorer adherence and poorer outcome, (3) the impact of memory impairment can be minimized by the use of memory support strategies and (4) improved memory for treatment improves outcome. The aim of this study protocol is to conduct a confirmatory efficacy trial to test whether the Memory Support Intervention improves illness course and functional outcomes...
November 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131716/compassion-focused-therapy-as-an-intervention-for-adult-survivors-of-sexual-abuse
#8
Lisa McLean, Stanley R Steindl, Matthew Bambling
Child sexual abuse can have long-term negative impacts across psychological, physical, and interpersonal domains. Some of the common issues for survivors of sexual abuse include shame and self-blame, attachment-based difficulties, avoidant coping strategies, and reduced capacity for self-compassion. Compassion-focused therapy is a transdiagnostic intervention that specifically responds to these concerns. Compassion-focused therapy was originally developed for clients who experience high levels of shame and self-criticism and aims to strengthen the soothing and affiliative system through the cultivation of compassion...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127882/anxiety-sensitivity-and-sleep-disturbance-investigating-associations-among-patients-with-co-occurring-anxiety-and-substance-use-disorders
#9
Laura J Dixon, Aaron A Lee, Kim L Gratz, Matthew T Tull
Sleep disturbance is a common problem among individuals with anxiety and substance use disorders (SUD). Anxiety sensitivity (AS) is elevated in patients with anxiety disorders and SUD and has been linked to sleep-related problems, including insomnia and somnolence (i.e., daytime sleepiness). We examined the unique roles of AS cognitive, physical, and social concerns in sleep disturbance among a sample of 99 residential SUD patients with anxiety disorders. Clinical levels of insomnia or somnolence were evidenced by 53...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124553/intolerance-of-uncertainty-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#10
Colette Gramszlo, Nicholas D Fogleman, Paul J Rosen, Janet Woodruff-Borden
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) has often been studied in the context of internalizing disorders, but no studies to our knowledge have explored the relation between IU and externalizing disorders. Given the proposed link between IU and emotion regulation, the current study sought to examine levels of IU in an externalizing clinical population with known emotion regulation difficulties-attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). IU levels in this population were compared to a clinical population known to experience elevated levels of IU...
November 9, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120851/the-generalizability-of-the-structure-of-substance-abuse-and-antisocial-behavioral-syndromes-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
S E Soe-Agnie, M C S Paap, J E L VanDerNagel, H J M Nijman, C A J de Jong
BACKGROUND: Although several authors have suggested that a single externalizing spectrum encompassing both antisocial behavioral syndromes and substance use disorder is to be preferred, this assumption has not been evaluated systematically throughout studies. PURPOSE: The objective was to establish the generalizability of transdiagnostic models of externalizing disorders across different types of disorders and populations, in regard to the strength of the evidence...
November 4, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120840/responsibility-beliefs-and-persecutory-delusions
#12
Katherine Pugh, Olga Luzon, Lyn Ellett
Recent research implicates cognitive processes traditionally linked to anxiety disorders in the maintenance of paranoia. Responsibility beliefs have traditionally been associated with OCD, and recent research suggests they may be transdiagnostic. The present study reports the first data on responsibility beliefs in individuals with persecutory delusions. 30 people with persecutory delusions completed measures of psychotic symptoms and responsibility beliefs. Participants were also asked to identify who they held responsible for their persecution...
November 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111422/shorter-sleep-duration-and-longer-sleep-onset-latency-are-related-to-difficulty-disengaging-attention-from-negative-emotional-images-in-individuals-with-elevated-transdiagnostic-repetitive-negative-thinking
#13
Jacob A Nota, Meredith E Coles
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) is often associated with disruptions in sleep and circadian rhythms. Disruptions in sleep and circadian rhythms may deal a "second hit" to attentional control deficits. This study evaluated whether sleep and circadian rhythm disruptions are related to the top-down control of attention to negative stimuli in individuals with heightened repetitive negative thinking. METHODS: Fifty-two community adults with high levels of transdiagnostic RNT and varying habitual sleep durations and bedtimes participated in a hybrid free-viewing and directed attention task using pairs of emotionally-evocative and neutral images while eye-tracking data were collected...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104332/metacognitive-therapy-for-emotional-distress-in-adult-cancer-survivors-a-case-series
#14
Peter L Fisher, Angela Byrne, Peter Salmon
Many adult cancer survivors experience persistent emotional distress after completing cancer treatment. The aim of this study was to test the potential of a brief transdiagnostic psychological intervention-metacognitive therapy (MCT)-in reducing emotional distress in adult cancer survivors. A non-concurrent multiple baseline design with 3- and 6-months follow-up was used to evaluate the effects of MCT in four patients consecutively referred to a psycho-oncology service. Each patient received six 1-h sessions of MCT...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104331/experiential-avoidance-and-bordering-psychological-constructs-as-predictors-of-the-onset-relapse-and-maintenance-of-anxiety-disorders-one-or-many
#15
Philip Spinhoven, Albert M van Hemert, Brenda W J H Penninx
To investigate (a) the incremental predictive validity of experiential avoidance over and above bordering psychological constructs (i.e., rumination, worry, neuroticism and anxiety sensitivity) in predicting onset, relapse and maintenance of anxiety disorders; and (b) whether these related constructs can be represented by a single, higher-order latent factor with similar predictive power as the separate psychological constructs while offering a more parsimonious predictive model. Longitudinal cohort study with repeated assessments after 4 years in a sample of 2157 adults aged 18-65, consisting of 1614 persons with past or current anxiety disorder (Panic Disorder with or without Agoraphobia, Social Anxiety Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Agoraphobia without panic) according to the Composite Interview Diagnostic Instrument (CIDI) and 543 controls...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096528/the-presence-of-co-morbid-mental-health-problems-in-a-cohort-of-adolescents-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#16
Maria Elizabeth Loades, Katharine A Rimes, Sheila Ali, Kate Lievesley, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVE: To report on the prevalence of mental health disorders in adolescents with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and to compare the diagnoses identified by a brief clinician-administered psychiatric interview with self-report screening questionnaires. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Consecutive attenders to specialist CFS clinics in the United Kingdom. PATIENTS: N = 52 adolescents, age 12-18 years with CFS...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089146/a-comprehensive-review-of-research-on-functional-analytic-psychotherapy
#17
REVIEW
Jonathan W Kanter, Katherine E Manbeck, Adam M Kuczynski, Daniel W M Maitland, Alessandra Villas-Bôas, Michel A Reyes Ortega
Functional Analytic Psychotherapy (FAP; Kohlenberg & Tsai, 1991) is a transdiagnostic approach to outpatient psychotherapy that presented guidelines to instantiate the behavioral principle of natural, social reinforcement applied to idiographic behavioral targets within a genuine and authentic psychotherapy relationship. We present the first comprehensive review of research on FAP, including qualitative studies, uncontrolled and controlled single-case designs, group designs, and studies on training therapists in FAP...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080595/cultural-adaptations-of-cognitive-behavioral-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Devon E Hinton, Anushka Patel
In increasingly multicultural societies, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) must be made appropriate for diverse groups. This article examines cultural adaptations of CBT, focusing on anxiety and depressive disorders. The article presents a culturally informed, transdiagnostic model of how anxious-depressive distress is generated and culturally shaped. Guided by this model, it discusses how interventions can be designed to decrease anxiety-type and depressive-type psychopathology in a culturally sensitive way...
December 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080593/transdiagnostic-therapy
#19
REVIEW
Peter J Norton, Pasquale Roberge
Transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral (CBT) therapy is a modified form of CBT designed to be applicable with patients across the range of anxiety and related emotional disorders. Based on emerging genetic, neurologic, developmental, cognitive, and behavioral science, transdiagnostic CBT may alleviate barriers to dissemination and accessibility by providing a single treatment approach across diagnoses. Data from clinical trials and metaanalyses suggest treatment efficacy that is comparable with traditional CBT approaches, with possibly superior efficacy among patients with multiple comorbid anxiety and emotional diagnoses...
December 2017: Psychiatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078153/comorbidity-classes-and-associated-impairment-demographics-and-9-11-exposures-in-8-236-children-and-adolescents
#20
Lupo Geronazzo-Alman, Guia Guffanti, Ruth Eisenberg, Bin Fan, George J Musa, Judith Wicks, Michaeline Bresnahan, Cristiane S Duarte, Christina Hoven
The extensive comorbidity of psychiatric disorders in children and adolescents leads to clinical heterogeneity, and is an often-overlooked issue in etiopathogenic and treatment studies in developmental psychopathology. In a representative sample (N=8236) of New York City public school students assessed six months after 9/11, latent class analysis was applied to 48 symptoms across seven disorders: posttraumatic stress, agoraphobia, separation anxiety, panic disorder, generalized anxiety (GAD), major depression (MDD) and conduct disorder (CD)...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
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