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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319333/an-investigation-of-executive-functioning-in-pediatric-anxiety
#1
Yolanda E Murphy, Anna Luke, Elle Brennan, Sarah Francazio, Isabella Christopher, Christopher A Flessner
Although science's understanding (e.g., etiology, maintaining factors, etc.) of pediatric anxiety and related problems has grown substantially over recent years, several aspects to anxiety in youths remain elusive, particularly with relation to executive functioning. To this end, the current study sought to examine several facets to executive functioning (i.e., cognitive flexibility, inhibition, planning, working memory) within a transdiagnostic sample of youths exhibiting varying degrees of anxiety symptoms...
January 1, 2018: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315683/the-emotional-resources-group-provisional-outcome-data-for-a-pilot-six-session-emotion-regulation-programme-for-secondary-care
#2
Thomas Bacon, Caitriona Doughty, Andrew Summers, Benjamin Wiffen, Zoe Stanley, Susan McAlpine
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of a new, six-session emotion regulation group intervention designed for the secondary care setting: The Emotional Resources Group (ERG). METHOD: In this pilot study, participants were recruited by referral from secondary care mental health services. Forty-seven individuals participated in the study. Participants who attended the ERG were compared on measures of emotion regulation, well-being, and self-efficacy, pre- and post-intervention...
January 7, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315560/transdiagnostic-pathways-from-early-social-stress-to-psychopathology-a-20-year-prospective-study
#3
Christopher C Conway, Elizabeth B Raposa, Constance Hammen, Patricia A Brennan
BACKGROUND: Adverse family environments confer susceptibility to virtually all psychiatric problems. This study evaluated two possible models to explain this diversity of associations. Stressful family circumstances during childhood could either activate general, transdiagnostic liabilities to mental disorder or promote numerous disorder-specific liabilities. METHODS: We recruited a high-risk sample of 815 mother-offspring pairs and assessed social stressors in the family context prospectively from the perinatal period through offspring age 5...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313758/introduction-to-the-special-section-integrative-approaches-for-treating-violent-loss-survivors
#4
Joah L Williams, Alyssa A Rheingold
Survivors of sudden, traumatic death are at risk for a variety of bereavement-related mental health problems, including posttraumatic stress disorder, depression, and prolonged grief disorder. Because these conditions often cooccur, traumatic grief interventions are generally designed to be transdiagnostic, integrative treatments that combine techniques designed to treat a wide range of mood and anxiety symptoms. In this special section, expert clinicians and researchers present a series of papers describing new, integrative treatment models for violently bereaved children and adults and also describe ways that integrative treatments can be enhanced using peer support...
January 9, 2018: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276606/specificity-of-emotion-sequences-in-borderline-personality-disorder-compared-to-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-bulimia-nervosa-and-healthy-controls-an-e-diary-study
#5
Tobias D Kockler, Wolfgang Tschacher, Philip S Santangelo, Matthias F Limberger, Ulrich W Ebner-Priemer
Background: Patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD) exhibit dysregulated emotion sequences in daily life compared to healthy controls (HC). Empirical evidence regarding the specificity of these findings is currently lacking. Methods: To replicate dysregulated emotion sequences in patients with BPD and to investigate the specificity of the sequences, we used e-diaries of 43 female patients with BPD, 28 patients with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), 20 patients with bulimia nervosa (BN), and 28 HC...
2017: Borderline Personality Disorder and Emotion Dysregulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275843/transdiagnostic-deviant-facial-recognition-for-implicit-negative-emotion-in-autism-and-schizophrenia
#6
Angela Ciaramidaro, Sven Bölte, Sabine Schlitt, Daniela Hainz, Fritz Poustka, Bernhard Weber, Christine Freitag, Henrik Walter
Impaired facial affect recognition (FAR) is observed in schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and has been linked to amygdala and fusiform gyrus dysfunction. ASD patient's impairments seem to be more pronounced during implicit rather than explicit FAR, whereas for schizophrenia data are inconsistent. However, there are no studies comparing both patient groups in an identical design. The aim of this three-group study was to identify (i) whether FAR alterations are equally present in both groups, (ii) whether they are present rather during implicit or explicit FAR, (iii) and whether they are conveyed by similar or disorder-specific neural mechanisms...
December 21, 2017: European Neuropsychopharmacology: the Journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29275839/the-multifaceted-role-of-the-ventromedial-prefrontal-cortex-in-emotion-decision-making-social-cognition-and-psychopathology
#7
REVIEW
Jaryd Hiser, Michael Koenigs
The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) has been implicated in a variety of social, cognitive, and affective functions that are commonly disrupted in mental illness. In this review, we summarize data from a diverse array of human and animal studies demonstrating that the vmPFC is a key node of cortical and subcortical networks that subserve at least three broad domains of psychological function linked to psychopathology. One track of research indicates that the vmPFC is critical for the representation of reward- and value-based decision making, through interactions with the ventral striatum and amygdala...
November 20, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250891/physical-neglect-during-childhood-alters-white-matter-connectivity-in-healthy-young-males
#8
Indira Tendolkar, Johan Mårtensson, Simone Kühn, Floris Klumpers, Guillén Fernández
BACKGROUND: Childhood adversity (CA) leads to greater vulnerability for psychopathology by causing structural as well as functional brain abnormalities. Recent findings on gray matter effects point towards the importance of identifying CA outcome as a function of different CA types, varying in the dimensions of threat and deprivation. Using diffusion tensor imaging, we investigate whether different forms of CA impact differently on white matter connectivity in a healthy cohort not confounded by other aspects of disease...
December 17, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247924/the-role-of-emotion-dysregulation-a-longitudinal-investigation-of-the-interpersonal-theory-of-suicide
#9
Taylor Heffer, Teena Willoughby
Emotion dysregulation is considered to be transdiagnostic in nature, given its association with a variety of problem behaviors. Of concern, emotion dysregulation also may be associated with key components of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (ITS), namely suicidal desire and acquired capability for suicide (ACS; heightened fearlessness toward death and pain tolerance). ITS suggests that experiencing suicidal desire in conjunction with ACS leads to greater risk for suicide attempts. The present 4-wave longitudinal study tested bidirectional associations among emotion dysregulation, NSSI, ACS, and suicidal desire...
December 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244206/deficits-in-general-emotion-regulation-skills-evidence-of-a-transdiagnostic-factor
#10
Christian Aljoscha Lukas, David Daniel Ebert, Hugo Trevisi Fuentes, Franz Caspar, Matthias Berking
OBJECTIVE: Deficits in emotion regulation (ER) skills are discussed as a transdiagnostic factor contributing to the development and maintenance of various mental disorders. However, systematic comparisons of a broad range of ER skills across diagnostic groups that are based on comparable definitions and measures of ER are still rare. METHOD: Therefore, we conducted two studies assessing a broad range of ER skills with the Emotion Regulation Skills Questionnaire in individuals meeting criteria for mental disorders (N1  = 1448; N2  = 137) and in a general population sample (N = 214)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237208/-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-disease
#11
Katharina Kuba, Gregor Weißflog
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is an intervention representing a transdiagnostic and contextual approach that assumes that psychological suffering is caused by experiential avoidance. The primary intention of ACT is not to eliminate symptoms and to treat mental disorders. Instead, ACT aims to increase psychological flexibility, i. e. to broaden the repertoire of cognitions and behaviors when facing inner and outer aversive events or experiences. Psychological flexibility can be enhanced by working with the 6 core components of the ACT model...
December 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230314/testing-the-effectiveness-of-a-transdiagnostic-treatment-approach-in-reducing-violence-and-alcohol-abuse-among-families-in-zambia-study-protocol-of-the-violence-and-alcohol-treatment-vatu-trial
#12
J C Kane, S Skavenski Van Wyk, S M Murray, P Bolton, F Melendez, C K Danielson, P Chimponda, S Munthali, L K Murray
Background: Violence against women and girls (VAWG) is an urgent global health problem. Root causes for VAWG include the individual- and family-level factors of alcohol abuse, mental health problems, violence exposure, and related adverse experiences. Few studies in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC) have assessed the effectiveness of psychological interventions for reducing VAWG. This randomized controlled trial, part of the What Works to Prevent Violence Against Women and Girls consortium, examines the effectiveness of a common elements treatment approach (CETA) for reducing VAWG and comorbid alcohol abuse among families in Zambia...
2017: Global Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214855/repetitive-negative-thinking-as-a-transdiagnostic-predictor-of-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-adolescents
#13
Peter M McEvoy, Karen Salmon, Matthew P Hyett, Paul E Jose, Charlotte Gutenbrunner, Kate Bryson, Mary Dewhirst
Repetitive negative thinking (RNT) is a transdiagnostic process associated with numerous emotional disorders. Most measures of RNT are disorder-specific, limiting utility in comorbid populations. Transdiagnostic measures of RNT have been developed in adults and are associated with anxiety and depression. However, a transdiagnostic measure is needed to assess RNT in adolescents as a potential vulnerability factor for emotional disorders. This study validates a transdiagnostic measure of RNT-Repetitive Thinking Questionnaire-10 (RTQ-10)-in adolescents ( N = 840, Mage = 15...
February 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214849/the-dimensions-of-ruminative-thinking-one-for-all-or-all-for-one
#14
Ljiljana Mihić, Zdenka Novović, Milica Lazić, David J A Dozois, Radomir Belopavlović
The Ruminative Thought Scale (RTS) was developed to measure the ruminative thinking style, presumably common to various psychopathological disorders. However, prior factor-analytic research was inconclusive regarding unidimensionality versus multidimensionality of the RTS. The present study was conducted on a large, heterogeneous Serbian sample ( N = 838). A subsample was retested 6 months later providing information about symptoms of depression and various anxiety symptoms. Results showed that a bifactor model of the RTS (representing one general and four group factors) had a better fit than the second-order and one-factor models...
February 1, 2017: Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202862/coping-with-unusual-experiences-for-12-18-year-olds-cues-a-transdiagnostic-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-effectiveness-of-cognitive-therapy-in-reducing-distress-associated-with-unusual-experiences-in-adolescent-mental-health-services-study-protocol-for
#15
Suzanne Jolley, Sophie Browning, Richard Corrigall, Kristin R Laurens, Colette Hirsch, Karen Bracegirdle, Kimberley Gin, Francesca Muccio, Catherine Stewart, Partha Banerjea, Elizabeth Kuipers, Philippa Garety, Majella Byrne, Juliana Onwumere, Evanthia Achilla, Paul McCrone, Richard Emsley
BACKGROUND: Childhood 'unusual experiences' (such as hearing voices that others cannot, or suspicions of being followed) are common, but can become more distressing during adolescence, especially for young people in contact with Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). Unusual experiences that are distressing or have adverse life impact (UEDs) are associated with a range of current and future emotional, behavioural and mental health difficulties. Recommendations for psychological intervention are based on evidence from adult studies, with some support from small, pilot, child-specific evaluations...
December 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197929/transdiagnostic-symptom-clusters-and-associations-with-brain-behavior-and-daily-function-in-mood-anxiety-and-trauma-disorders
#16
Katherine A Grisanzio, Andrea N Goldstein-Piekarski, Michelle Yuyun Wang, Abdullah P Rashed Ahmed, Zoe Samara, Leanne M Williams
Importance: The symptoms that define mood, anxiety, and trauma disorders are highly overlapping across disorders and heterogeneous within disorders. It is unknown whether coherent subtypes exist that span multiple diagnoses and are expressed functionally (in underlying cognition and brain function) and clinically (in daily function). The identification of cohesive subtypes would help disentangle the symptom overlap in our current diagnoses and serve as a tool for tailoring treatment choices...
December 3, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197102/evaluation-of-a-computerized-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-programme-mindwise-2-0-for-adults-with-mild-to-moderate-depression-and-anxiety
#17
Sarah Collins, Michael Byrne, James Hawe, Gary O'Reilly
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the acceptability and utility of a newly developed computerized cognitive behavioural therapy (cCBT) programme, MindWise (2.0), for adults attending Irish primary care psychology services. METHOD: Adult primary care psychology service users across four rural locations in Ireland were invited to participate in this study. A total of 60 service users participated in the MindWise (2.0) treatment group and compared to 22 people in a comparison waiting list control group...
December 2, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194181/feasibility-of-a-skills-based-group-reintegration-workshop-for-oef-oif-veterans-step-home
#18
Catherine Brawn Fortier, Alexandra Kenna, Kristen Dams-OʼConnor, Jennifer Fonda, Laura K Levin, Colleen Hursh, Hannah Franz, William P Milberg, Regina E McGlinchey
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the feasibility of a newly developed reintegration workshop for Operation Iraqi Freedom/Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF/OIF) Veterans that is based on an evidence-based rehabilitation program shown to be effective in treating mild traumatic brain injury-related symptoms in civilians. Underutilization and resistance to mental health treatment remain a significant problem for OEF/OIF Veterans. Innovative, integrative, transdiagnostic, and acceptable interventions are needed, particularly for this heterogeneous group...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182474/disordered-eating-and-insulin-restriction-in-type-1-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-testable-model
#19
Tara De Paoli, Peter J Rogers
AIM: To provide an overview of the existing literature pertaining to insulin restriction as a disordered eating behaviour in individuals with type 1 diabetes and present a novel maintenance model: The Transdiagnostic Model of Disordered Eating in Type 1 Diabetes. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted of the current literature relevant to insulin restriction and/or omission in the context of disordered eating in type 1 diabetes. A new maintenance model was then developed by incorporating diabetes-specific factors into existing eating disorder models...
November 28, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182160/error-related-brain-activity-as-a-treatment-moderator-and-index-of-symptom-change-during-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-or-selective-serotonin-reuptake-inhibitors
#20
Stephanie M Gorka, Katie L Burkhouse, Heide Klumpp, Amy E Kennedy, Kaveh Afshar, Jennifer Francis, Olusola Ajilore, Scott Mariouw, Michelle G Craske, Scott Langenecker, Stewart A Shankman, K Luan Phan
Increased neural error monitoring, as measured by the error-related negativity (ERN), is a transdiagnostic neurobiological marker of anxiety. To date, little is known about whether the ERN can inform the choice between first-line anxiety disorder treatments and whether the ERN changes following treatment completion. The aim of the study was to therefore assess whether the ERN is a treatment moderator and index of symptom change during cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) or selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs)...
November 28, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
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