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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922003/behavioral-activation-strategies-in-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-anxiety-disorders
#1
James F Boswell, Brittany R Iles, Matthew W Gallagher, Todd J Farchione
Considerable work and attention has supported the use of behavioral activation (BA) strategies in the treatment of depressive disorders. Although not often recognized, BA, both implicitly and explicitly, appears to be conceptually and empirically relevant to the treatment of diverse problem areas, including the anxiety disorders. This article addresses the role of BA strategies in transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) for anxiety and related disorders, including in cases without comorbid depression...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922002/behavioral-activation-strategies-for-major-depression-in-transdiagnostic-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-an-evidence-based-case-study
#2
Todd J Farchione, James F Boswell, Julianne G Wilner
Behavioral activation (BA) is a treatment approach that uses functional analysis and context-dependent strategies to enhance environmental positive reinforcement for adaptive, healthy behavior, and decrease behavioral avoidance. BA has gained considerable support for the treatment of depression and can be broadly applied across a wide range of settings and clinical populations. In this article, we provide a brief description of BA as a therapeutic behavioral strategy for depression and present a clinical case example illustrating the integration of BA with other components of a transdiagnostic cognitive-behavioral treatment for emotional disorders...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919156/chronic-low-back-pain-and-the-transdiagnostic-process-how-do-cognitive-and-emotional-dysregulations-contribute-to-the-intensity-of-risk-factors-and-pain
#3
M Le Borgne, A H Boudoukha, A Petit, Y Roquelaure
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Based on a transdiagnostic approach, this study assesses the impact of cognitive and emotional processes (difficulties in emotional regulation, impulsiveness, rumination and somatosensory amplification) on the psychological risk factors of chronic low-back pain. METHODS: The study was carried out with 256 patients with chronic low-back pain. All the variables were assessed through a booklet of 10 validated questionnaires. Multiple regression analysis and moderation analysis were performed...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919155/context-sensitive-regulation-of-pain-and-emotion-development-and-initial-validation-of-a-scale-for-context-insensitive-avoidance
#4
Ida K Flink, Ester Klein-Strandberg, Steven J Linton
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Context insensitivity has been put forward as a potential mechanism explaining the high co-occurrence of pain and emotional distress. In the pain literature, the concept has only been introduced at a theoretical level and an assessment tool for exploring its impact is lacking. In an interpersonal setting, a core aspect of context sensitivity and insensitivity concerns when to disclose and when to avoid expressing pain and related distress. Both context insensitive disclosure and context insensitive avoidance may hamper interpersonal support and fuel the problem...
September 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919129/dissecting-the-catatonia-phenotype-in-psychotic-and-mood-disorders-on-the-basis-of-familial-genetic-factors
#5
Victor Peralta, Lourdes Fañanás, Migdyrai Martín-Reyes, Manuel J Cuesta
BACKGROUND: This study examines the familial aggregation (familiality) of different phenotypic definitions of catatonia in a sample of multiplex families with psychotic and mood disorders. METHODS: Participants were probands with a lifetime diagnosis of a DSM-IV functional psychotic disorder, their parents and at least one first-degree relative with a psychotic disorder. The study sample included 441 families comprising 2703 subjects, of whom 1094 were affected and 1609 unaffected...
September 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911050/motor-abnormalities-from-neurodevelopmental-to-neurodegenerative-through-functional-neuro-psychiatric-disorders
#6
Victor Peralta, Manuel J Cuesta
Background: Motor abnormalities (MAs) of severe mental disorders have been traditionally neglected both in clinical practice and research, although they are an increasing focus of attention because of their clinical and neurobiological relevance. For historical reasons, most of the literature on MAs has been focused to a great extent on schizophrenia, and as a consequence their prevalence and featural properties in other psychiatric or neuropsychiatric disorders are poorly known. In this article, we evaluated the extent to which catatonic, extrapyramidal and neurological soft signs, and their associated clinical features, are present transdiagnostically...
September 1, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893219/a-case-of-a-four-year-old-child-adopted-at-eight-months-with-unusual-mood-patterns-and-significant-polypharmacy
#7
Magdalena Romanowicz, Alastair J McKean, Jennifer Vande Voort
BACKGROUND: Long-term effects of neglect in early life are still widely unknown. Diversity of outcomes can be explained by differences in genetic risk, epigenetics, prenatal factors, exposure to stress and/or substances, and parent-child interactions. Very common sub-threshold presentations of children with history of early trauma are challenging not only to diagnose but also in treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A Caucasian 4-year-old, adopted at 8 months, male patient with early history of neglect presented to pediatrician with symptoms of behavioral dyscontrol, emotional dysregulation, anxiety, hyperactivity and inattention, obsessions with food, and attachment issues...
September 11, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891303/redefining-the-endophenotype-concept-to-accommodate-transdiagnostic-vulnerabilities-and-etiological-complexity
#8
Theodore P Beauchaine, John N Constantino
In psychopathology research, endophenotypes are a subset of biomarkers that indicate genetic vulnerability independent of clinical state. To date, an explicit expectation is that endophenotypes be specific to single disorders. We evaluate this expectation considering recent advances in psychiatric genetics, recognition that transdiagnostic vulnerability traits are often more useful than clinical diagnoses in psychiatric genetics, and appreciation for etiological complexity across genetic, neural, hormonal and environmental levels of analysis...
September 11, 2017: Biomarkers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889803/effort-cost-decision-making-in-psychosis-and-depression-could-a-similar-behavioral-deficit-arise-from-disparate-psychological-and-neural-mechanisms
#9
A J Culbreth, E K Moran, D M Barch
Motivational impairment is a common feature of both depression and psychosis; however, the psychological and neural mechanisms that give rise to motivational impairment in these disorders are poorly understood. Recent research has suggested that aberrant effort-cost decision-making (ECDM) may be a potential contributor to motivational impairment in both psychosis and depression. ECDM refers to choices that individuals make regarding the amount of 'work' they are willing to expend to obtain a certain outcome or reward...
September 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884607/assessing-the-relationship-between-disordered-gamblers-with-psychosis-and-increased-gambling-severity-the-mediating-role-of-impulsivity
#10
Hyoun S Kim, Briana D Cassetta, David C Hodgins, Lianne M Tomfohr-Madsen, Daniel S McGrath, Hermano Tavares
OBJECTIVE: Recent research suggests that disordered gambling and psychosis co-occur at higher rates than expected in the general population. Gamblers with psychosis also report greater psychological distress and increased gambling severity. However, the mechanism by which psychosis leads to greater gambling symptomology remains unknown. The objective of the present research was to test whether impulsivity mediated the relationship between comorbid psychosis and gambling severity. METHOD: The sample consisted of 394 disordered gamblers voluntarily seeking treatment at a large university hospital in São Paulo, Brazil...
January 1, 2017: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877317/association-of-white-matter-structure-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#11
Yuta Aoki, Yuliya N Yoncheva, Bosi Chen, Tanmay Nath, Dillon Sharp, Mariana Lazar, Pablo Velasco, Michael P Milham, Adriana Di Martino
Importance: Clinical overlap between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is increasingly appreciated, but the underlying brain mechanisms remain unknown to date. Objective: To examine associations between white matter organization and 2 commonly co-occurring neurodevelopmental conditions, ASD and ADHD, through both categorical and dimensional approaches. Design, Setting, and Participants: This investigation was a cross-sectional diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) study at an outpatient academic clinical and research center, the Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at New York University Langone Medical Center...
September 6, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867944/cognitive-behavioral-therapy-for-generalized-anxiety
#12
Lucas Borza
As a form of therapy, cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is more than a mere "toolbox." CBT allows us to better understand how the human mind is functioning because it is based on neuroscience and experimental and scientific psychology. At the beginning, the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) was "nontheoretical," but nowadays (the most recent version being DSM-5), it is increasingly based on CBT paradigms (with the insertion of important notions such as cognitions and behaviors). This Brief Report presents what we currently know about generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and how we can treat this condition by nonpharmaceutical means...
June 2017: Dialogues in Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862653/the-starvation-symptom-inventory-development-and-psychometric-properties
#13
Simona Calugi, Mario Miniati, Chiara Milanese, Massimiliano Sartirana, Marwan El Ghoch, Riccardo Dalle Grave
Background: Starvation symptoms are common in patients with anorexia nervosa, and according to the transdiagnostic cognitive behavioural theory for eating disorders, they contribute to maintaining the eating disorder psychopathology. The aim of this study was therefore to describe the design and validation of the Starvation Symptoms Inventory (SSI); a self-report questionnaire that examines the symptoms of starvation in underweight patients with eating disorders. Methods: 150 female patients with anorexia nervosa were recruited, as well as 341 healthy control subjects, 30 not-underweight patients with an eating disorder, and 15 patients with bipolar depressive episodes...
September 1, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845680/effectiveness-of-the-unified-protocol-for-transdiagnostic-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-among-veterans-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-pilot-study
#14
Ruth L Varkovitzky, Andrew M Sherrill, Greg M Reger
Effective treatment options are needed for veterans who do not participate in trauma-focused psychotherapy. Research has yet to examine the effectiveness of transdiagnostic psychotherapy in veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-occurring psychological disorders. This pilot study examined the effectiveness of the Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders (UP) delivered in a 16-week group format. We examined treatment outcomes in male and female veterans ( n = 52) in an outpatient specialty PTSD clinic at a large Veterans Affairs (VA) medical center...
August 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842389/usability-of-a-culturally-informed-mhealth-intervention-for-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-feedback-from-young-sexual-minority-men
#15
John B Fleming, Yvette N Hill, Michelle Nicole Burns
BACKGROUND: To date, we are aware of no interventions for anxiety and depression developed as mobile phone apps and tailored to young sexual minority men, a group especially at risk of anxiety and depression. We developed TODAY!, a culturally informed mobile phone intervention for young men who are attracted to men and who have clinically significant symptoms of anxiety or depression. The core of the intervention consists of daily psychoeducation informed by transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and a set of tools to facilitate putting these concepts into action, with regular mood ratings that result in tailored feedback (eg, tips for current distress and visualizations of mood by context)...
August 25, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841342/children-s-rumination-to-sadness-and-anger-implications-for-the-development-of-depression-and-aggression
#16
Sherelle L Harmon, Haley F Stephens, Karla K Repper, Kimberly A Driscoll, Janet A Kistner
The current study examined the transdiagnostic nature of rumination in the development of childhood depression and aggression by examining the relation between two forms of rumination, sadness and anger, in a single study and assessing their unique and shared behavioral correlates. A community sample of 254 children (ages 7-14, 50.4% female, 66.5% Caucasian) completed self-report measures of rumination and depressive symptoms, and peer nominations of aggressive behaviors. Hierarchical regression analyses were conducted to assess unique and shared behavioral correlates...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837950/meta-analytic-review-of-the-effects-of-a-single-dose-of-intranasal-oxytocin-on-threat-processing-in-humans
#17
REVIEW
Jenni Leppanen, Kah Wee Ng, Youl-Ri Kim, Kate Tchanturia, Janet Treasure
BACKGROUND: Heightened threat sensitivity is a transdiagnostic feature in several psychiatric disorders. The neuropeptide oxytocin has been shown to reduce fear related behaviours and facilitated fear extinction in animals. These findings have led to increasing interest to explore the effects of intranasal oxytocin on threat processing in humans. METHODS: The review included 26 studies (N = 1173), nine of which included clinical populations (N = 234). The clinical groups included were people with borderline personality disorder (BPD), anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, depression, anxiety, and alcohol dependence disorder...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836443/examining-the-synergistic-effects-of-two-transdiagnostic-vulnerability-factors-in-relation-to-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-disorders-among-latinos-in-a-community-health-care-setting
#18
Daniel J Paulus, Brooke Y Kauffman, Lorra Garey, Charles Jardin, Kara Manning, Jafar Bakhshaie, Monica Garza, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Michael J Zvolensky
Latinos are one of the fastest growing racial/ethnic population in the United States yet they experience a substantial amount of mental health disparities, such as anxiety and depression, compared with non-Hispanic Whites. The current study examined the interactive effects of rumination and mindful attention on anxiety and depression symptoms among economically disadvantaged Latinos. Participants consisted of 391 Latinos (86.7% female; Mage = 38.8 years [ SD = 11.4]; 95.3% first language Spanish) who attended a community-based primary health care clinic...
August 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827212/the-spanish-version-of-the-unified-protocol-for-transdiagnostic-treatment-of-emotional-disorders-in-adolescents-up-a-adapted-as-a-school-based-anxiety-and-depression-prevention-program-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Julia García-Escalera, Rosa M Valiente, Paloma Chorot, Jill Ehrenreich-May, Sarah M Kennedy, Bonifacio Sandín
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depression are common, impairing conditions that evidence high comorbidity rates in adolescence. The Unified Protocol for Transdiagnostic Treatment of Emotional Disorders in Adolescents (UP-A) is one of the few existing resources aimed at applying transdiagnostic treatment principles to target core dysfunctions associated with both anxiety and depression within a single protocol. To our knowledge, this is the first study examining the efficacy of the UP-A adapted as a universal preventive intervention program...
August 21, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826417/the-construct-validity-of-general-and-specific-dimensions-of-personality-pathology
#20
T F Williams, M D Scalco, L J Simms
BACKGROUND: Modern personality disorder (PD) theory and research attempt to distinguish transdiagnostic impairments common to all PDs from constructs that explain varied PD expression. Bifactor modeling tests such distinctions; however, the only published PD criteria bifactor analysis focused on only 6 PDs and did not examine the model's construct validity. METHODS: We examined the structure and construct validity of competing PD criteria models using confirmatory and exploratory factor analytic methods in 628 patients who completed structured diagnostic interviews and self-reports of personality traits and impairment...
August 22, 2017: Psychological Medicine
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