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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078476/children-with-social-anxiety-and-other-anxiety-disorders-show-similar-deficits-in-habitual-emotional-regulation-evidence-for-a-transdiagnostic-phenomenon
#1
Verena Keil, Julia Asbrand, Brunna Tuschen-Caffier, Julian Schmitz
Deficits in emotion regulation (ER) are an important factor in maintaining social anxiety disorder (SAD) in adults. As SAD and ER problems typically develop during childhood and adolescence, and are maintained dynamically within the parent-child dyad, research on families can help to reveal the role ER plays in the early development of SAD. The current study assessed self-reported habitual ER in dyads of children with SAD (n = 31), children with mixed anxiety disorders (MAD; n = 41) and healthy control children (HC; n = 36), and their parents...
January 11, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077216/current-definitions-of-transdiagnostic-in-treatment-development-a-search-for-consensus
#2
REVIEW
Shannon Sauer-Zavala, Cassidy A Gutner, Todd J Farchione, Hannah T Boettcher, Jacqueline R Bullis, David H Barlow
Research in psychopathology has identified psychological processes that are relevant across a range of Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM) mental disorders, and these efforts have begun to produce treatment principles and protocols that can be applied transdiagnostically. However, review of recent work suggests that there has been great variability in conceptions of the term "transdiagnostic" in the treatment development literature. We believe that there is value in arriving at a common understanding of the term "transdiagnostic...
January 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060463/upregulating-the-positive-affect-system-in-anxiety-and-depression-outcomes-of-a-positive-activity-intervention
#3
Charles T Taylor, Sonja Lyubomirsky, Murray B Stein
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that the positive affect system may be an important yet underexplored treatment target in anxiety and depression. Existing interventions primarily target the negative affect system, yielding modest effects on measures of positive emotions and associated outcomes (e.g., psychological well-being). The objective of the present pilot study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new transdiagnostic positive activity intervention (PAI) for anxiety and depression. METHOD: Twenty-nine treatment-seeking individuals presenting with clinically impairing symptoms of anxiety and/or depression were randomly allocated to a 10-session protocol comprised of PAIs previously shown in nonclinical samples to improve positive thinking, emotions, and behaviors (e...
January 6, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041946/hyperactive-performance-monitoring-as-a-transdiagnostic-marker-results-from-health-anxiety-in-comparison-to-obsessive-compulsive-disorder
#4
Anja Riesel, Stefanie Goldhahn, Norbert Kathmann
Hyperactive error-related brain activity has been found in individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), generalized and social anxiety as well as depression and has been proposed as a transdiagnostic marker. The specific phenotype to which it is related is still debated and anxious apprehension, threat sensitivity and checking have been proposed as promising candidates. To validate the idea that hyperactive performance monitoring is shared by anxiety and anxiety-related disorders and to refine our knowledge about its specificity, data from further anxiety and anxiety-related disorders are required...
December 29, 2016: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032912/thematic-mapping-maps-much-territory-but-needs-stronger-evidence-based-coordinates-a-commentary
#5
Tracy D Eells
Thematic mapping (TM) is a transtheoretical, transdiagnostic, pattern-focused method of case formulation. It involves systematically gathering a broad range relevant client information, collecting representative behavioral episodes, using inductive and deductive reasoning to identify themes and subthemes that characterize a client's dysfunctional patterns, and then developing a treatment plan to address them. The TM method includes debiasing steps to minimize clinician judgment errors and addresses a client's cultural context...
December 29, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026869/the-relationship-between-perfectionism-and-psychopathology-a-meta-analysis
#6
REVIEW
Karina Limburg, Hunna J Watson, Martin S Hagger, Sarah J Egan
OBJECTIVE: The clinical significance of 2 main dimensions of perfectionism (perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns) was examined via a meta-analysis of studies investigating perfectionism in the psychopathology literature. METHOD: We investigated relationships between psychopathology outcomes (clinical diagnoses of depression, anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and eating disorders; symptoms of these disorders; and outcomes related to psychopathology, such as deliberate self-harm, suicidal ideation, and general distress) and each perfectionism dimension...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024913/anxiety-sensitivity-explains-associations-between-anxious-arousal-symptoms-and-smoking-abstinence-expectancies-perceived-barriers-to-cessation-and-problems-experienced-during-past-quit-attempts-among-low-income-smokers
#7
Michael J Zvolensky, Daniel J Paulus, Kirsten J Langdon, Zuzuky Robles, Lorra Garey, Peter J Norton, Michael S Businelle
Disproportionately more smokers report low-income and mental health problems relative to non-smokers. Low-income smokers may use smoking to alleviate negative emotional states resulting from exposure to multiple stressors. Yet, little work has been devoted to elucidating mechanisms that may explain the association between negative emotional states and smoking-related processes among low-income smokers. The present study sought to address this gap by examining anxiety sensitivity, a transdiagnostic factor related to both anxiety and smoking, as a potential mediator for the influence of anxiety symptoms on smoking-related processes, including threat-related smoking abstinence expectancies (somatic symptoms and harmful consequences), perceived barriers for cessation, and problems experienced during past quit attempts...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011446/transdiagnostic-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-versus-treatment-as-usual-in-adult-patients-with-emotional-disorders-in-the-primary-care-setting-psicap-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Antonio Cano-Vindel, Roger Muñoz-Navarro, Cristina Mae Wood, Joaquín T Limonero, Leonardo Adrián Medrano, Paloma Ruiz-Rodríguez, Irene Gracia-Gracia, Esperanza Dongil-Collado, Iciar Iruarrizaga, Fernando Chacón, Francisco Santolaya
BACKGROUND: Demand for primary care (PC) services in Spain exceeds available resources. Part of this strong demand is due to the high prevalence of emotional disorders (EDs)-anxiety, depression, and somatic symptom disorders-and related comorbidities such as pain or chronic illnesses. EDs are often under- or misdiagnosed by general practitioners (GPs) and, consequently, treatment is frequently inadequate. OBJECTIVE: We aim to compare the short- and long-term effectiveness of group-delivered transdiagnostic cognitive behavioral therapy (TD-CBT) versus treatment as usual (TAU) in the treatment of EDs in the PC setting in Spain...
December 23, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009473/temporal-discounting-across-three-psychiatric-disorders-anorexia-nervosa-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-social-anxiety-disorder
#9
Joanna E Steinglass, Karolina M Lempert, Tse-Hwei Choo, Marcia B Kimeldorf, Melanie Wall, B Timothy Walsh, Abby J Fyer, Franklin R Schneier, H Blair Simpson
BACKGROUND: Temporal discounting refers to the tendency for rewards to lose value as the expected delay to receipt increases. Individuals with anorexia nervosa (AN) have been found to show reduced temporal discounting rates, indicating a greater preference for delayed rewards compared to healthy peers. Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and social anxiety disorder (SAD) commonly co-occur with AN, and anxiety has been related to development and prognosis of AN. We examined whether reduced temporal discounting is present across these potentially related disorders, and explored the relationship between temporal discounting and anxiety transdiagnostically...
December 23, 2016: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002661/potential-applications-of-the-national-institute-of-mental-health-s-research-domain-criteria-rdoc-to-clinical-psychiatric-practice-how-rdoc-might-be-used-in-assessment-diagnostic-processes-case-formulation-treatment-planning-and-clinical-notes
#10
Joel Yager, Robert E Feinstein
Offering a new framework for understanding and studying basic dimensions of normal and abnormal human functioning and mental disorders, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) has initiated the Research Domain Criteria (RDoC) project in which a series of higher order domains, representing major systems of emotion, cognition, motivation, and social behavior, and their constituent operationally defined constructs serve as organizing templates for further research and inquiry, eg, to discover validated biomarkers and endophenotypes...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998507/fatigue-and-psychosocial-variables-in-autoimmune-rheumatic-disease-and-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-cross-sectional-comparison
#11
Sheila Ali, Faith Matcham, Katherine Irving, Trudie Chalder
OBJECTIVE: Fatigue is common in autoimmune rheumatic diseases (ARD). This study compared symptom-related cognitions, beliefs, behaviours, quality of sleep, lack of acceptance and distress in participants with ARD such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA), seronegative spondyloarthropathy (SpA), and connective tissue disease (CTD), and participants with chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). METHODS: 303 participants with RA, SpA, CTD and CFS completed questionnaire measures of fatigue, social adjustment, cognitive-behavioural responses, lack of acceptance, distress and quality of sleep...
January 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998295/a-transdiagnostic-sleep-and-circadian-treatment-to-improve-severe-mental-illness-outcomes-in-a-community-setting-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Allison G Harvey, Kerrie Hein, Lu Dong, Freddie L Smith, Michael Lisman, Stephanie Yu, Sophia Rabe-Hesketh, Daniel J Buysse
BACKGROUND: Severe mental illness (SMI) is common, chronic and difficult to treat. Sleep and circadian dysfunctions are prominent correlates of SMI, yet have been minimally studied in ways that reflect the complexity of the sleep problems experienced. Prior treatment studies have been disorder-focused-they have treated a specific sleep problem in a specific diagnostic group. However, real life sleep and circadianproblems are not so neatly categorized, particularly in SMI where features of insomnia overlap with hypersomnia, delayed sleep phase and irregular sleep-wake schedules...
December 20, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995690/an-investigation-of-mental-imagery-in-bipolar-disorder-exploring-the-mind-s-eye
#13
Martina Di Simplicio, Fritz Renner, Simon E Blackwell, Heather Mitchell, Hannah J Stratford, Peter Watson, Nick Myers, Anna C Nobre, Alex Lau-Zhu, Emily A Holmes
OBJECTIVES: Mental imagery abnormalities occur across psychopathologies and are hypothesized to drive emotional difficulties in bipolar disorder (BD). A comprehensive assessment of mental imagery in BD is lacking. We aimed to test whether (i) mental imagery abnormalities (abnormalities in cognitive stages and subjective domains) occur in BD relative to non-clinical controls; and (ii) to determine the specificity of any abnormalities in BD relative to depression and anxiety disorders. METHODS: Participants included 54 subjects in the BD group (depressed/euthymic; n=27 in each subgroup), subjects with unipolar depression (n=26), subjects with anxiety disorders (n=25), and non-clinical controls (n=27) matched for age, gender, ethnicity, education, and premorbid IQ...
December 2016: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995068/shared-white-matter-alterations-across-emotional-disorders-a-voxel-based-meta-analysis-of-fractional-anisotropy
#14
Lisanne Michelle Jenkins, Alyssa Barba, Miranda Campbell, Melissa Lamar, Stewart A Shankman, Alex D Leow, Olusola Ajilore, Scott Aaron Langenecker
BACKGROUND: White matter (WM) integrity may represent a shared biomarker for emotional disorders (ED). Aims: To identify transdiagnostic biomarkers of reduced WM by meta-analysis of findings across multiple EDs. METHOD: Web of Science was searched systematically for studies of whole brain analysis of fractional anisotropy (FA) in adults with major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, social anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder or posttraumatic stress disorder compared with a healthy control (HC) group...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993337/toward-a-unified-treatment-for-emotional-disorders-update-on-the-science-and-practice
#15
Peter J Norton, Daniel J Paulus
Mental health professionals have long been concerned with describing and proscribing a structure around the myriad variations of psychological and emotional distress that are deemed to be disordered. This has frequently been characterized as a conflict between so-called "lumpers" and "splitters"-those who advocate broad categorizations based on overarching commonalities versus those who endeavor toward a highly refined structure emphasizing unique characteristics. Many would argue that with the era of the modern Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III to DSM-5), a splitting ideology has been dominant despite re-emerging concerns that some groups of diagnoses, particularly disorders of anxiety and other emotions, may be more similar than different...
November 2016: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989453/the-transition-from-thinness-oriented-to-muscularity-oriented-disordered-eating-in-adolescent-males-a-clinical-observation
#16
Stuart B Murray, Scott Griffiths, Deborah Mitchison, Jonathan M Mond
PURPOSE: Robust empirical evidence has illustrated a rising prevalence of body dissatisfaction and disordered eating among males, noting that both may be oriented more toward muscularity-as opposed to thinness-oriented concerns. While an elevated prevalence of premorbid anorexia nervosa (AN) has been noted among those with muscle dysmorphia, little evidence has examined the process of this transition from thinness-oriented to muscularity-oriented disordered eating. METHODS: This clinical observation presents a case of AN in an adolescent male, whose symptom presentation transitioned during the course of treatment for AN, into more muscularity-oriented disordered eating...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987424/a-psychometric-validation-study-of-the-impulsive-compulsive-behaviours-checklist-a-transdiagnostic-tool-for-addictive-and-compulsive-behaviours
#17
Karen Guo, George J Youssef, Andrew Dawson, Linden Parkes, Sanne Oostermeijer, Clara López-Solà, Valentina Lorenzetti, Christopher Greenwood, Leonardo F Fontenelle, Murat Yücel
The occurrence of repetitive behaviours that are often harmful has been attributed to traits traditionally described as "impulsive" or "compulsive" e.g. substance dependence, excessive gambling, and hoarding. These behaviours are common and often co-occur in both the general population and psychiatric populations. The lack of measures to concurrently index a range of such behaviours led to the development of the Impulsive-Compulsive Behaviours (ICB) Checklist. This study aims to validate the ICB Checklist in a general community sample...
December 2, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986741/cognitive-bias-modification-for-interpretation-with-and-without-prior-repetitive-negative-thinking-to-reduce-worry-and-rumination-in-generalised-anxiety-disorder-and-depression-protocol-for-a-multisession-experimental-study-with-an-active-control-condition
#18
Charlotte Krahé, Andrew Mathews, Jessica Whyte, Colette R Hirsch
INTRODUCTION: Worry and rumination are two forms of repetitive thinking characterised by their negative content and apparently uncontrollable nature. Although worry and rumination share common features and have been conceptualised as part of a transdiagnostic repetitive negative thinking (RNT) process, it remains unclear whether they share the same underlying cognitive mechanisms. This multisession experimental study investigates the tendency to make negative interpretations regarding ambiguous information as a cognitive mechanism underlying RNT...
December 16, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984787/pathways-from-uncertainty-to-anxiety-an-evaluation-of-a-hierarchical-model-of-trait-and-disorder-specific-intolerance-of-uncertainty-on-anxiety-disorder-symptoms
#19
Sarah Shihata, Peter M McEvoy, Barbara A Mullan
Uncertainty is central to anxiety-related pathology and intolerance of uncertainty (IU) appears to be a transdiagnostic risk and maintaining factor. The aim of the present study was to evaluate a hierarchical model to identify the unique contributions of trait and disorder-specific IU (i.e., uncertainty specific to generalised anxiety disorder, social anxiety, obsessive compulsive disorder, and panic disorder) to disorder-specific symptoms, beyond other disorder-specific cognitive vulnerabilities (i.e., negative metacognitive beliefs, fear of negative evaluation, inflated responsibility, and agoraphobic cognitions, respectively)...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959329/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-increase-during-treatment-in-severe-mental-illness-inpatients
#20
G L Nuernberg, B Aguiar, G Bristot, M P Fleck, N S Rocha
Meta-analytical evidence suggests that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is altered in various psychiatric disorders. However, meta-analyses may be hampered by the heterogeneity of BDNF assays, lack of BDNF standard values and heterogeneity among the populations included in the studies. To address these issues, our study aimed to test, in a 'true-to-life' setting, the hypothesis that the serum BDNF level is nonspecifically reduced in acute severe mental illness (SMI) patients and increases during inpatient treatment...
December 13, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
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