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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331259/public-and-physician-s-expectations-and-ethical-concerns-about-electronic-health-record-benefits-outweigh-risks-except-for-information-security
#1
Eleni Entzeridou, Evgenia Markopoulou, Vasiliki Mollaki
INTRODUCTION: Electronic Health Record systems (EHRs) offer numerous benefits in health care but also pose certain risks. As we progress toward the implementation of EHRs, a more in-depth understanding of attitudes that influence overall levels of EHR support is required. OBJECTIVES: To record public and physicians' awareness, expectations for, and ethical concerns about the use of EHRs. METHODS: A convenience sample was surveyed for both the public and physicians...
February 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329957/safety-and-tolerability-of-a-novel-polyclonal-human-anti-mers-coronavirus-antibody-produced-from-transchromosomic-cattle-a-phase-1-randomised-double-blind-single-dose-escalation-study
#2
John H Beigel, Jocelyn Voell, Parag Kumar, Kanakatte Raviprakash, Hua Wu, Jin-An Jiao, Eddie Sullivan, Thomas Luke, Richard T Davey
BACKGROUND: Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is a severe respiratory illness with an overall mortality of 35%. There is no licensed or proven treatment. Passive immunotherapy approaches are being developed to prevent and treat several human medical conditions where alternative therapeutic options are absent. We report the safety of a fully human polyclonal IgG antibody (SAB-301) produced from the hyperimmune plasma of transchromosomic cattle immunised with a MERS coronavirus vaccine...
January 9, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329310/medication-discrepancies-across-multiple-care-transitions-a-retrospective-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-italy
#3
Marco Bonaudo, Maria Martorana, Valerio Dimonte, Alessandra D'Alfonso, Giulio Fornero, Gianfranco Politano, Maria Michela Gianino
PURPOSE: Medication discrepancies are defined as unexplained differences among regimens across different sites of care. The problem of medication discrepancies that occur during the entire care pathway from hospital admission to a local care setting discharge (namely all types of settings dedicated to formal care other than hospitals) has received little attention in the medical literature. The present study aims to (1) determine the prevalence of medication discrepancies that occur during the entire care pathway from hospital admission to local care setting discharge, (2) describe the discrepancy and medication type, and (3) identify potential risk factors for experiencing medication discrepancies in patient care transitions...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325555/the-readiness-of-hospital-pharmacists-in-kuwait-to-practise-evidence-based-medicine-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Ali Jasem Buabbas, Fatemah Mohammad Alsaleh, Hamza Mohamad Al-Shawaf, Ali Abdullah, Abdullah Almajran
BACKGROUND: The evolving role of pharmacists in providing pharmaceutical care, as part of the healthcare team, challenges them to acquire up-to-date knowledge of medicines to make the best clinical decisions. The volume of medical literature is on the increase, and it is important to utilise these resources to optimise patients' therapeutic outcomes. This study aimed at assessing the readiness of government hospital pharmacists in practising evidence-based medicine (EBM) in Kuwait in regards to their attitude, knowledge and skills, as well as the perceived barriers and facilitators...
January 11, 2018: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322274/evidence-of-clinical-and-economic-impact-of-pharmacist-interventions-related-to-antimicrobials-in-the-hospital-setting
#5
REVIEW
L Leache, I Aquerreta, A Aldaz, A Idoate, A Ortega
The purpose of this paper was to review the literature regarding the clinical and economic impact of pharmacist interventions (PIs) related to antimicrobials in the hospital setting. A PubMed literature search from January 2003 to March 2016 was conducted using the terms pharmacist* or clinical pharmacist* combined with antimicrobial* or antibiotic* or anti-infective*. Comparative studies that assessed the clinical and/or economic impact of PIs on antimicrobials in the hospital setting were reviewed. Outcomes were classified as: treatment-related outcomes (TROs), clinical outcomes (COs), cost and microbiological outcomes (MOs)...
January 10, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317922/hospital-consumer-assessment-of-healthcare-providers-and-systems-scores-relating-to-pain-following-the-incorporation-of-clinical-pharmacists-into-patient-education-prior-to-joint-replacement-surgery
#6
Erik Hefti, Michael Remington, Charles Lavallee
Background: Pharmacist involvement has been shown to improve various aspects of patient care. Patients undergoing knee and hip replacement surgery generally experience post-operative pain and discomfort. Pain control can impact patient satisfaction, as reported by the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey. Objective: The current pilot study aims to measure the potential impact that incorporating pharmacists into preoperative patient education programs has on the response to select HCAHPS questions...
October 2017: Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317397/factors-associated-with-availability-of-anticoagulation-reversal-agents-in-rural-and-community-emergency-departments
#7
Brett A Faine, Julie Amendola, Jordan Homan, Azeemuddin Ahmed, Nicholas Mohr
PURPOSE: Results of a study of anticoagulation reversal agent availability in rural and community hospital emergency departments (EDs) are reported. METHODS: A cross-sectional telephone survey was conducted to test the hypothesis that anticoagulation reversal agents are not commonly stocked in low-volume EDs. In phase 1 of the study, a physician, pharmacist, or nurse manager at a sample of EDs in 1 state was surveyed to characterize anticoagulation reversal agent availability and the presence or absence of reversal protocols; in phase 2, follow-up qualitative interviews were conducted with hospital pharmacists selected by purposive sampling to identify barriers to availability...
January 15, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316686/pharmacy-practice-and-education-in-romania
#8
Roxana Sandulovici, Constantin Mircioiu, Cristina Rais, Jeffrey Atkinson
The PHARMINE ("Pharmacy Education in Europe") project examined the organisation of pharmacy practice and education in the European Union (EU). An electronic survey was sent out to representatives of different sectors (community, hospital, industrial pharmacists, university staff, and students) in each individual EU member state. This paper presents the results of the PHARMINE survey on pharmacy practice and education in Romania. In the light of this data we examine to what extent harmonisation of practice and education with EU norms has occurred, whether this has promoted mobility of pharmacy professionals, academics and students, and what impact it has had on healthcare in Romania...
January 8, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310711/impact-of-collaborative-pharmaceutical-care-on-in-patients-medication-safety-study-protocol-for-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomized-trial-medrev-study
#9
Géraldine Leguelinel-Blache, Christel Castelli, Clarisse Roux-Marson, Sophie Bouvet, Sandrine Andrieu, Philippe Cestac, Rémy Collomp, Paul Landais, Bertrice Loulière, Christelle Mouchoux, Rémi Varin, Benoit Allenet, Pierrick Bedouch, Jean-Marie Kinowski
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmaceutical care has long played an important role in the improvement of healthcare safety. Pharmaceutical care is a collaborative care approach, implicating all the actors of the medication circuit in order to prevent and correct drug-related problems that can lead to adverse drug events. The collaborative pharmaceutical care performed during patients' hospitalization requires two mutually reinforcing activities: medication reconciliation and medication review...
January 8, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306317/-incorporation-of-the-hospital-pharmacist-into-the-project-commitment-to-quality-of-the-spanish-scientific-societies
#10
Alberto Frutos Pérez-Surio, María Ángeles Allende-Bandrés, Isabel Puértolas-Tena, Mercedes Arenere-Mendoza
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303376/effects-of-interdisciplinary-collaboration-in-hospitals-on-medication-errors-an-integrative-review
#11
Elizabeth Manias
Medication errors are commonly affected by breakdowns in communication. Interdisciplinary collaboration is an important means of facilitating communication between health professionals in clinical practice. To date, there has been little systematic examination of past research in this area. Areas covered: The aims of this integrative review are to examine how interdisciplinary collaboration influences medication errors in hospitals, the araes of interdisciplinary collaboration that have been researched in previous work, and recommendations for future research and practice...
January 5, 2018: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302086/reassessment-of-health-system-capacity-for-experiential-education-requirements
#12
Matthew J Gibson, Lynette R Bradley-Baker, Colleen G Bush, Steven P Nelson
Objective. To provide an update to the 2007 ASHP-AACP survey by examining the current capacity of hospitals/health systems' ability to conduct experiential education for doctor of pharmacy students. Methods. Pharmacists identified as pharmacy directors were sent an invitation to participate in an online survey tool. The survey tool asked IPPE- and APPE-specific questions, the nature of support provided by colleges/schools of pharmacy, the types of experiences available for students, and the factors influencing the quality, value, and challenges of experiential education...
November 2017: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302017/effectiveness-of-a-pharmacist-led-medication-review-programme-on-medication-appropriateness-and-hospital-readmissions-among-geriatric-in-patients-in-hong-kong
#13
P Kc Chiu, A Wk Lee, T Yw See, F Hw Chan
INTRODUCTION: Geriatric in-patients are at risk of drug-related problems. This study aimed to determine whether a pharmacist-led medication review programme could reduce inappropriate medications and hospital readmissions among geriatric in-patients in Hong Kong. METHODS: A prospective controlled study was conducted from December 2013 to September 2014 in the geriatric unit of a regional hospital in Hong Kong. A total of 212 subjects were allocated to receive either routine care or pharmacist intervention that included medication reconciliation, medication review, and medication counselling...
January 5, 2018: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301559/hospital-pharmacy-workforce-in-brazil
#14
Thiago R Santos, Jonathan Penm, André O Baldoni, Lorena Rocha Ayres, Rebekah Moles, Cristina Sanches
BACKGROUND: This study aims to describe the distribution of the hospital pharmacy workforce in Brazil. METHODS: Data were acquired, during 2016, through the Brazilian National Database of Healthcare Facilities (CNES). The following variables were extracted: hospital name, registry number, telephone, e-mail, state, type of institution, subtype, management nature, ownership, presence of research/teaching activities, complexity level, number of hospital beds, presence of pharmacists, number of pharmacists, pharmacist specialization...
January 4, 2018: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301226/impact-of-pharmacist-conducted-comprehensive-medication-reviews-for-older-adult-patients-to-reduce-medication-related-problems
#15
Whitney J Kiel, Shaun W Phillips
Older adults are demanding increased healthcare attention with regards to prescription use due in large part to highly complex medication regimens. As patients age, medications often have a more pronounced effect on older adults, negatively impacting patient safety and increasing healthcare costs. Comprehensive medication reviews (CMRs) optimize medications for elderly patients and help to avoid inappropriate medication use. Previous literature has shown that such CMRs can successfully identify and reduce the number of medication-related problems and improve acute healthcare utilization...
December 31, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299004/ambulatory-medication-reconciliation-in-dialysis-patients-benefits-and-community-practitioners-perspectives
#16
Jo-Anne S Wilson, Matthew A Ladda, Jaclyn Tran, Marsha Wood, Penelope Poyah, Steven Soroka, Glenn Rodrigues, Karthik Tennankore
Background: Ambulatory medication reconciliation can reduce the frequency of medication discrepancies and may also reduce adverse drug events. Patients receiving dialysis are at high risk for medication discrepancies because they typically have multiple comorbid conditions, are taking many medications, and are receiving care from many practitioners. Little is known about the potential benefits of ambulatory medication reconciliation for these patients. Objectives: To determine the number, type, and potential level of harm associated with medication discrepancies identified through ambulatory medication reconciliation and to ascertain the views of community pharmacists and family physicians about this service...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299001/development-of-a-documentation-rubric-and-assessment-of-pharmacists-competency-for-documentation-in-the-patient-health-record
#17
Brittany Baranski, Jennifer Bolt, Lori Albers, Rabiah Siddiqui, Ali Bell, William Semchuk
Background: Documentation of information in the health record by pharmacists is vital to patient care. Failure to document, or failure to document appropriately, may have negative effects on patients. Objectives: The primary objective was to determine pharmacists' competency in 18 elements of chart note documentation at 2 tertiary care centres and 1 rehabilitation centre. The secondary objectives were to quantify the number of episodes of documentation by pharmacists, to characterize the clinical activities associated with this documentation, and to determine whether there were differences in level of competency according to years of hospital experience, additional clinical training, and note type...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299000/roles-of-infectious-diseases-consultant-pharmacists-and-antimicrobial-stewardship-pharmacists-a-survey-of-canadian-tertiary-care-academic-hospitals
#18
Jessica E Beach, Tasha D Ramsey, Sean K Gorman, Tim T Y Lau
Background: Infectious diseases consultant (IDC) pharmacists work within an IDC service to care for inpatients with complex infections. With Accreditation Canada's new Required Organizational Practice promoting the establishment of antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programs, AMS pharmacists are being employed in acute care hospitals. There is potential for overlap in responsibilities between IDC and AMS pharmacists, but there is no literature outlining the current duties for each group in Canada...
November 2017: Canadian Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298450/a-statewide-medication-management-system-health-information-exchange-to-support-drug-therapy-optimization-by-pharmacists-across-the-continuum-of-care
#19
Karen Pellegrin, Francis Chan, Natalie Pagoria, Sheena Jolson-Oakes, Reece Uyeno, Andrew Levin
BACKGROUND:  While evidence generally supports the use of medication management technology, systems are typically implemented and evaluated piecemeal rather than as part of a comprehensive model for medication management. Systems to support drug therapy optimization, increasingly a key role of pharmacists in our healthcare system, have not yet been reported. OBJECTIVE:  Our objective is to describe the design, implementation, and use of health information technology to support the hospital and community pharmacists' management of medications for high-risk patients statewide in the "Pharm2Pharm" model of care...
January 2018: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295829/medication-therapy-management-after-hospitalization-in-ckd-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#20
Katherine R Tuttle, Radica Z Alicic, Robert A Short, Joshua J Neumiller, Brian J Gates, Kenn B Daratha, Celestina Barbosa-Leiker, Sterling M McPherson, Naomi S Chaytor, Brad P Dieter, Stephen M Setter, Cynthia F Corbett
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: CKD is characterized by remarkably high hospitalization and readmission rates. Our study aim was to test a medication therapy management intervention to reduce subsequent acute care utilization. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: The CKD Medication Intervention Trial was a single-blind (investigators), randomized clinical trial conducted at Providence Health Care in Spokane, Washington. Patients with CKD stages 3-5 not treated by dialysis who were hospitalized for acute illness were recruited...
January 2, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
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