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acute cholecystitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330979/early-versus-delayed-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-for-acute-cholecystitis
#1
Sadaf Khalid, Zahid Iqbal, Afsar Ali Bhatti
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic cholecystectomy is considered the gold standard for the management of acute cholecystitis but controversy surrounds the timings of the surgery. Studies are available favouring both early and delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The objective of this study was to compare early versus delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. METHODS: This quasi-experimental study included 180 patients irrespective of their age and sex presented at department of Surgery, Lahore General Hospital between January to December 2014 with a diagnosis of acute cholecystitis were assigned randomly to early laparoscopic cholecystectomy within 24 h of admission or to initial conservative treatment followed by delayed laparoscopic cholecystectomy, 6-12 weeks later...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329599/gallbladder-ascariasis-in-kosovo-focus-on-ultrasound-and-conservative-therapy-a-case-series
#2
Vlora Ismaili-Jaha, Halim Toro, Lidvana Spahiu, Mehmedali Azemi, Teuta Hoxha-Kamberi, Muharrem Avdiu, Shqipe Spahiu-Konjusha, Luan Jaha
BACKGROUND: Ascaris lumbricoides is one of the most common intestinal infections in developing countries, including Kosovo. In contrast to migration to the bile duct, migration of the worm to the gallbladder, due to the narrow and tortuous nature of the cystic duct, is rare. When it does occur, it incites acalculous cholecystitis. CASE PRESENTATIONS: This case series describes a 16-month-old Albanian girl, a 22-month-old Albanian girl, a 4-year-old Albanian girl, and a 10-year-old Albanian boy...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325783/validation-of-the-aast-egs-acute-cholecystitis-grade-and-comparison-with-the-tokyo-guidelines
#3
Matthew Hernandez, Brittany Murphy, Johnathan M Aho, Nadeem N Haddad, Humza Saleem, Muhammad Zeb, David S Morris, Donald H Jenkins, Martin Zielinski
BACKGROUND: Acute cholecystitis presents with heterogeneous severity. The Tokyo Guidelines 2013 is a validated method to assess cholecystitis severity, but the variables are multifactorial. The American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) developed an anatomically based severity grading system for surgical diseases, including cholecystitis. Because the Tokyo Guidelines represent the gold standard to estimate acute cholecystitis severity, we wished to validate the AAST emergency general surgery scoring system and compare the performance of both systems for several patient outcomes...
January 8, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320323/multimodality-imaging-including-dual-energy-ct-in-the-evaluation-of-gallbladder-disease
#4
Lisa Ratanaprasatporn, Jennifer W Uyeda, Jeremy R Wortman, Ian Richardson, Aaron D Sodickson
Imaging of the gallbladder has a key role in the examination of patients with abdominal pain-especially pain localized to the right upper quadrant. Pathologic conditions that affect the gallbladder include cholelithiasis and associated complications such as acute and chronic cholecystitis, choledocholithiasis, gallstone pancreatitis, and cancer. Modalities used to image the gallbladder include ultrasonography (US), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, and nuclear scintigraphy. US is the primary imaging modality used to evaluate entities suspected of being gallbladder disease, as it is both sensitive and specific for demonstrating gallstones, biliary duct dilatation, and inflammatory features...
January 2018: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319728/cholecystectomy-during-ceftriaxone-therapy-a-translational-study-with-a-new-rabbit-model
#5
Marcel Vasconcellos, Keren Cozer, Victor Senna Diniz, Wagner Baetas-da-Cruz, Manoel Luiz Ferreira, Paulo Cesar Silva, Alberto Schanaider
PURPOSE: To evaluate the actual incidence of both microlithiasis and acute cholecystitis during treatment with intravenous ceftriaxone in a new rabbit model. METHODS: New Zealand rabbits were treated with intravenous ceftriaxone or saline for 21 days. Ultrasound monitoring of the gallbladder was performed every seven days until the 21st day when histopathology, immunohistochemistry for proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), pro-caspase-3 and CD68, liver enzyme biochemistry, and chromatography analysis of the bile and sediments were also performed...
December 2017: Acta Cirúrgica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313126/an-observational-study-of-the-timing-of-surgery-use-of-laparoscopy-and-outcomes-for-acute-cholecystitis-in-the-usa-and-uk
#6
A C Murray, S Markar, H Mackenzie, O Baser, T Wiggins, A Askari, G Hanna, O Faiz, E Mayer, C Bicknell, A Darzi, R P Kiran
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports early laparoscopic cholecystectomy for acute cholecystitis. Differences in treatment patterns between the USA and UK, associated outcomes and resource utilization are not well understood. METHODS: In this retrospective, observational study using national administrative data, emergency patients admitted with acute cholecystitis were identified in England (Hospital Episode Statistics 1998-2012) and USA (National Inpatient Sample 1998-2011)...
January 8, 2018: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303882/inflammation-based-prognostic-scores-predict-disease-severity-in-patients-with-acute-cholecystitis
#7
Noriko Sato, Akiyoshi Kinoshita, Nami Imai, Takafumi Akasu, Takeharu Yokota, Akira Iwaku, Kazuhiko Koike, Masayuki Saruta
BACKGROUND: Although several investigators have reported that inflammation-based prognostic scores can predict disease severity in patients with various inflammatory diseases, whether or not these scores are associated with disease severity in patients with acute cholecystitis (AC) has not yet been fully clarified. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred and sixty-two patients with AC were reviewed retrospectively. We evaluated the correlations between demographic or clinical variables, including the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS), the modified Glasgow Prognostic Score (mGPS), and the C-reactive protein/albumin (CRP/Alb) ratio, as well as the disease severity grade on the basis of the revised Tokyo guidelines...
January 4, 2018: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238153/risk-factors-for-open-conversion-in-minimally-invasive-cholecystectomy
#8
Antonio Gangemi, Richard Danilkowicz, Francesco Bianco, Mario Masrur, Pier Cristoforo Giulianotti
Background and Objectives: Open conversion (OC) occurs in 5 to 10% of laparoscopic cholecystectomies (LCs) and results in suboptimal outcomes. Herein, we report our experience with OC in cholecystectomy performed with the minimally invasive (MIS) approach. Methods: Data from 960 minimally invasive cholecystectomies performed in the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) Division of General, Minimally Invasive, and Robotic Surgery were retrospectively compiled. Patient demographics and outcomes were analyzed for the major indicators that may predispose to OC...
October 2017: JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218132/portal-vein-thrombosis-in-adult-omani-patients-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Khalid Al Hashmi, Lamya Al Aamri, Sulayma Al Lamki, Anil Pathare
OBJECTIVES: We sought to study the occurrence of portal vein thrombosis (PVT) in adult Omani patients. Methods: We conducted a retrospective cross-sectional study in patients diagnosed with PVT, which was confirmed by radiological imaging, from two tertiary hospitals over a 10-year period. Results: Amongst the 39 patients enrolled in the study, 15 (38.4%) had cirrhosis of the liver, and 24 (61.5%) were non-cirrhotic. In the non-cirrhotic PVT patients, 15 (62.5%) had acute PVT, whereas nine (37...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217901/xanthogranulomatous-cholecystitis-analysis-of-108-patients
#10
Osman Yucel, Mehmet Ali Uzun, Metin Tilki, Sevcan Alkan, Zeynep Gamze Kilicoglu, Ceren Canbey Goret
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiological features of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis (XGC) and the results of surgical treatment. This retrospective study concerns clinical, radiological, and surgical data as well as histopathological findings and postoperative results of 108 patients with XGC who were identified after evaluating 7916 cholecystectomy specimens between 2004 and 2014 in a single institute. One hundred eight patients with XGC were evaluated (56 males and 52 females, mean age 62...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213028/-acute-cholecystitis-due-to-microscopic-polyangiitis-a-case-report
#11
Masaya Kotsuka, Tadashi Tsukamoto, Akishige Kanazawa, Sadatoshi Shimizu, Yoshitaka Nakajima, Shintaro Kodai, Shigeaki Komatsu
A 78-year-old man with chief complaints of cough and lower limb numbness was admitted to our hospital. Serum myeloperoxidase-antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody titer (MPO-ANCA) was elevated (48.8U/ml), and a diagnosis of microscopic polyangiitis (MPA) was made. After admission, the patient developed a fever and right upper quadrant pain. Ultrasonography and computed tomography revealed an acute cholecystitis of unknown cause, and laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed. Histopathological examination of the resected gallbladder revealed necrotizing vasculitis along with the infiltration of eosinophils, lymphocytes, and plasma cells around the small arteries in the muscular layer of the gallbladder, which are characteristics of MPA...
2017: Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi, the Japanese Journal of Gastro-enterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212485/outcome-comparison-between-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-and-cholecystectomy-a-10-year-population-based-analysis
#12
Ping Lu, Chien-Lung Chan, Nan-Ping Yang, Nien-Tzu Chang, Kai-Biao Lin, K Robert Lai
BACKGROUND: Controversy surrounding the role of percutaneous cholecystostomy (PC) is fed by the absence of large amounts of data concerning its outcomes, and many authors have maintained that there is no evidence to support a recommendation for PC rather than cholecystectomy (CCS) in elderly or critically ill patients with acute cholecystitis (AC). METHODS: We conducted this study by tracking trends in the utilization and outcomes of PC and CCS using longitudinal health research data in Taiwan...
December 7, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205183/feasibility-of-conversion-of-percutaneous-cholecystostomy-to-internal-transmural-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-gallbladder-drainage
#13
Tanyaporn Chantarojanasiri, Saburo Matsubara, Hiroyuki Isayama, Yousuke Nakai, Naminatsu Takahara, Suguru Mizuno, Hirofumi Kogure, Ryunosuke Hakuta, Yukiko Ito, Minoru Tada, Kazuhiko Koike
BACKGROUND/AIM: Percutaneous cholecystostomy [percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD)] is the treatment of choice in surgically unfit patients with acute cholecystitis. However, PTGBD tube removal after symptoms resolution results in 41-46% recurrence. This study aims to demonstrate the feasibility of the conversion of PTGBD to transmural endoscopic ultrasound-guided gallbladder drainage (EUS-GBD) using plastic stents in patients unfit for cholecystectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients who underwent internal transmural EUS-GBD as a conversion from PTGBD were reviewed...
November 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200440/erratum-endoscopic-ultrasound-guided-gallbladder-drainage-for-acute-cholecystitis-with-a-silicone-covered-nitinol-short-bilaterally-flared-stent-a-case-series
#14
Raffaele Manta, Claudio Zulli, Angelo Zullo, Edoardo Forti, Alberto Tringali, Lorenzo Dioscoridi, Francesco Zito, Helga Bertani, Rita Conigliaro, Massimiliano Mutignani
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1055/s-0043-118659.].
November 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198010/pope-s-hat-sign-another-valuable-ct-finding-of-early-acute-cholecystitis
#15
Seo-Youn Choi, Hae Kyung Lee, Boem Ha Yi, Min Hee Lee, Ji Eun Lee, Ji Hye Min, Ji Yoon Moon, Jung Hoon Kim
PURPOSE: To determine the diagnostic performance of minor computed tomography (CT) findings for acute cholecystitis and demonstrate the incremental benefit of pope's hat sign as an additional minor CT finding in patients suspected to have early acute cholecystitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two radiologists reviewed CT scans of 116 patients with early acute cholecystitis and 116 control patients. All cases in the patient group were surgically proven to have acute cholecystitis and preoperative dynamic CT scans...
December 2, 2017: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183352/risk-factors-for-difficulty-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-grade-ii-acute-cholecystitis-according-to-the-tokyo-guidelines-2013
#16
Koetsu Inoue, Tatsuya Ueno, Daisuke Douchi, Kentaro Shima, Shinji Goto, Michinaga Takahashi, Takanori Morikawa, Takeshi Naitoh, Chikashi Shibata, Hiroo Naito
BACKGROUND: The Tokyo Guidelines 2013 classifies acute cholecystitis (AC) into three grades and recommends appropriate therapy for each grade. For grade II AC, either early laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) or percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage (PTGBD) should be performed. This study aimed to identify the risk factors for difficulty of LC for treating grade II AC. METHODS: Totally, 122 patients who underwent LC for grade II AC were enrolled and divided into difficult LC (DLC) and nondifficult LC (NDLC) groups...
November 28, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181777/the-utilization-of-fluorescent-cholangiography-during-robotic-cholecystectomy-at-an-inner-city-academic-medical-center
#17
Sidharth Sharma, Raymond Huang, Shirley Hui, Michael C Smith, Paul J Chung, Alexander Schwartzman, Gainosuke Sugiyama
In recent years, fluorescent cholangiography using Indocyanine green (ICG) dye has been used to aid identification of structures during robotic cholecystectomy. We sought to compare cholecystectomy with ICG dye versus laparoscopic cholecystectomy at an inner-city academic medical center. Between January 2013 and July 2016, we identified 287 patients of which 191 patients underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy and 96 patients underwent robotic cholecystectomy with ICG dye. Preoperative risk variables of interest included age, sex, race, body mass index (BMI), and acute cholecystitis...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180188/statewide-assessment-of-surgical-outcomes-and-the-acute-care-surgery-model
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Nicholas L Bandy, Sarah C DeShields, Tina D Cunningham, Rebecca C Britt
BACKGROUND: The acute care surgery (ACS) model has been widely implemented with single institution studies demonstrating improved outcomes. Recent multicenter studies have raised questions about the economics and efficacy of ACS. This study compares traditional and ACS outcomes across an entire state. METHODS: A retrospective review of Virginia's Health Information administrative database was completed. Adults admitted with appendicitis or cholecystitis between 2008 and 2014 were included...
December 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173873/preoperative-factors-associated-with-technical-difficulties-of-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-in-acute-cholecystitis
#19
Y E Izquierdo, N E Díaz Díaz, N Muñoz, O E Guzmán, I Contreras Bustos, J S Gutiérrez
OBJECTIVE: To identify preoperative factors associated with surgical time and conversion of the laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) to open surgery in subjects with acute cholecystitis (AC). METHOD: We developed a cross-sectional study that included 99 subjects older than 17 years with definitive diagnosis of AC who had undergone to LC. Preoperative variables such as clinical data, laboratory markers and ultrasound findings as wall thickness, the size of the major calculus and the presence of: perivesicular fluid, multiple cholelithiasis, biliary mud or microlithiasis were registered...
November 21, 2017: Radiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171859/acute-acalculous-cholecystitis-during-zika-virus-infection-in-an-immunocompromised-patient
#20
Suzane Kioko Ono, Leda Bassit, Victor Van Vaisberg, Venâncio Avancini Ferreira Alves, Elia G Caldini, Brian D Herman, Reed Shabman, Nadia B Fedorova, Denise Paranaguá-Vezozzo, Caroline Torres Sampaio, Rafael Bandeira Lages, Débora Terrabuio, Wellington Andraus, Raymond F Schinazi, Flair José Carrilho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
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