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Psychological Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770714/confirmatory-factor-analysis-of-the-causal-illness-attribution-scale-in-chinese-patients-with-multiple-somatic-symptoms
#1
Ling Zhang, Jeanine Schwarz, Maria Kleinstäuber, Kurt Fritzsche, Wiebke Hannig, Jing Wei, Jianzhong Yang, Lan Zhang
Causal illness attributions influence how individuals cope with somatic symptoms and illnesses. Dimensions of causal symptom attributions have been examined in Western cultures with the subscale 'causes' of the revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R). Some previous studies have identified a stronger somatic attribution style in Asian patients. In this study it was examined if the factorial structure of causal attributions identified in Western populations can be identified in a large Chinese sample of patients presenting with somatic symptoms...
January 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765261/depression-in-medical-students-current-insights
#2
REVIEW
Fiona Moir, Jill Yielder, Jasmine Sanson, Yan Chen
Medical students are exposed to multiple factors during their academic and clinical study that have been shown to contribute to high levels of depression, anxiety, and stress. The purpose of this article was to explore the issue of depression in the medical student population, including prevalence, causes, and key issues, along with suggestions for early identification and support from one medical school in New Zealand. After establishing that the prevalence of depression is higher for medical students than the general population, the key issues explored include assessment used in the program, characteristics of the student population (such as Type A personality and perfectionism), resilience, selection procedures, students' motivation, and the nature of the clinical environment...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761688/collagenase-clostridium-histolyticum-a-novel-medical-treatment-for-peyronie-s-disease
#3
Amr Abdel Raheem, Mark Johnson, David Ralph, Giulio Garaffa
INTRODUCTION: Peyronie's disease (PD) affects up to 9% of the male population. PD causes scarring of the tunica albuginea of the penis which leads to penile deformity making sexual intercourse difficult or impossible. PD also causes significant psychological, emotional and relationship difficulties for both patient and partner. Up until the licencing of Collagenase clostridium histolyticum (CCH) (Xiapex®, Xiaflex®), surgical correction of the penile deformity was the mainstay of treatment...
May 14, 2018: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760362/-pharmacology-education-in-nursing-what-should-be-taught-and-how-from-western-to-chinese-medicine
#4
Tomoko Akase
Doctors give prescriptions after considering the medical conditions of patients. Pharmacists check the prescription and give information about the effects of the drugs to the patients, including their side effects. Nurses observe patients to determine the effects and side effects of the administered drugs, and then report these to doctors. Each specialist plays a role, allowing medication to be completed. However, in order to fully attain the effects of a drug, we need to consider the method of its administration...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755984/kampo-medicines-for-frailty-in-locomotor-disease
#5
REVIEW
Hajime Nakae, Yuko Hiroshima, Miwa Hebiguchi
Frailty is a syndrome that includes broad problems of senility and consists of three domains: physical, psychological, and social. Kampo medicine is used for intervention in cases of hypofunction in a mental or physical state. Kampo treatment, using Hojin formulations such as Hachimijiogan and Gosyajinkigan, is useful in patients with "jinkyo," or kidney hypofunction. Ketsu includes both blood and its metabolic products that circulate throughout the body. Oketsu is a disturbance of ketsu and is considered to be a microcirculation disorder...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755917/sharing-is-caring-minimizing-the-disruption-with-palliative-care
#6
EDITORIAL
Abd Moain Abu Dabrh, Robert P Shannon, Richard J Presutti
There is an upward trend incidence of multiple chronic life-limiting conditions with a well-documented associated impact on patients and their caregivers. When patients approach the end of life, they are often faced with a challenging multidimensional burden while navigating a complex health care system. Patients and families/caregivers are faced with daily decisions, often with little or no frame of reference or medical knowledge. The "what, how, when, and where" puzzle during this challenging time can be overwhelming for patients and their families, and when clinicians do not contemplate this associated workload's impact on patients and caregivers' capacity for self-care, patients and caregivers scramble to find compensatory solutions, often putting their health care at lower priority...
March 13, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749596/-jose-ingenieros-and-the-amusias-the-beginning-of-the-neuropsychology-in-argentina
#7
REVIEW
R F Allegri, F N Roman
The Argentine neuropsychological school is born of the hand of the European school and is part of the beginning of the Experimental Psychology. In 1896 Horacio Pinero creates the first Department of Psychology at the University of Buenos Aires and in 1898 the first laboratory of Experimental Psychology is annexed. Jose Ingeniero, psychiatrist, neurologist, politician and above all sociologist publishes in France his work about the musical aphasia, the first neuropsychological work with international significance...
May 16, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746221/interprofessional-population-health-advocacy-developing-and-implementing-a-panel-management-curriculum-in-five-veterans-administration-primary-care-practices
#8
Maya Dulay, Judith L Bowen, William G Weppner, Abigail Eastburn, Anne P Poppe, Pete Spanos, Danielle Wojtaszek, Destiny Printz, Catherine P Kaminetzky
Health care systems expect primary care clinicians to manage panels of patients and improve population health, yet few have been trained to do so. An interprofessional panel management (PM) curriculum is one possible strategy to address this training gap and supply future primary care practices with clinicians and teams prepared to work together to improve the health of individual patients and populations. This paper describes a Veterans Administration (VA) sponsored multi-site interprofessional PM curriculum development effort...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737053/-the-research-advancement-and-conception-of-the-deep-underground-medicine
#9
REVIEW
He-Ping Xie, Ji-Feng Liu, Ming-Zhong Gao, Xue-Hong Wan, Shi-Xi Liu, Jian Zou, Jiang Wu, Teng-Fei Ma, Yi-Lin Liu, Hong Bu, Wei-Min Li
The 21th century is the century of exploring and utilizing the underground space. In the future, more and more people will spend more and more time living or/and working in the underground space. However,we know little about the effect on the health of human caused by the underground environment. Herein,we systematically put forward the strategic conception of the deep-underground medicine,in order to reveal relative effects and mechanism of the potential factors in the deep underground space on human's physiological and psychological healthy,and to work out the corresponding countermeasures...
March 2018: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736753/factors-affecting-resident-satisfaction-in-continuity-clinic-a-systematic-review
#10
J Stepczynski, S R Holt, M S Ellman, D Tobin, Benjamin R Doolittle
PURPOSE: In recent years, with an increasing emphasis on time spent in ambulatory training, educators have focused attention on improving the residents' experience in continuity clinic. The authors sought to review the factors associated with physician trainee satisfaction with outpatient ambulatory training. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted for all English language articles published between January 1980 and December 2016 in relevant databases, including Medline (medicine), CINAHL (nursing), PSYCHinfo (psychology), and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials...
May 7, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736384/a-technology-developed-from-concept-of-acupuncture-and-meridian-system-the-clinical-effect-of-bioceramic-resonance-on-psychological-related-sleep-disturbance-with-findings-on-questionnaire-eeg-and-fmri
#11
Lei Zhang, Paul Chan, Zhong Min Liu, Yi Li Tseng, C Will Chen, Ming Tse Lin, Wing P Chan, Ting-Kai Leung
Under the concept of meridian channels that belongs to traditional Chinese medicine, BIOCERAMIC Resonance (BR) has already been applied to many clinical medical research projects with functions mimicking of traditional acupuncture. Forty-five patients were recruited with chronic sleep disorders; 36 patients were given, applied to the device with BIOCERAMIC material and sound rhythm on chest skin surface; 9 patients were included as controls. All study participants completed a sleep pattern and quality of life questionnaire (assessment on psychological and physical causes of sleep disturbances), which was repeated before, during and after treatment...
April 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734860/corrigendum
#12
(no author information available yet)
Lubek I, Ghabrial M, Ennis N et al. (2018) Notes on the development of health psychology and behavioral medicine in the United States. Journal of Health Psychology 23(3): 492-505. DOI: 10.1177/1359105318755156 The author's name in this article was incorrect. The correct name should read "Jeffery Yen". The online version of this article has been corrected.
May 1, 2018: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734285/a-systematic-literature-review-of-instruments-to-measure-coordination
#13
Candice L Thomas, Christiane Spitzmüller, Amber B Amspoker, Varsha Modi, Thach Tran, Aanand D Naik, LeChauncy Woodard, Amanda Auron, Sylvia J Hysong
Organizing patient care and improving team coordination have been identified by the Institute of Medicine and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality as essential components of high-quality care. Research is lacking, however, on the measurement of care team coordination and its mechanisms. Using an organizational psychology framework developed by Okhuysen and Bechky (O&B) as a guide, the authors identify strengths and gaps in the existing literature related to the measurement of coordination and its associated constructs...
May 2018: Journal of Healthcare Management / American College of Healthcare Executives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732985/treatment-of-chronic-articular-pain-in-adults-with-hemophilia
#14
E Carlos Rodriguez-Merchan
INTRODUCTION: Adult people with hemophilia (PWH) mainly use Factor VIII/Factor IX (FVIII/FIX) to lessen chronic articular pain, followed in frequency by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. Analgesics are used by only one-third of adult PWH. Limitations in activities of daily living are encountered in the large majority of PWH, and most describe pain as affecting their state of mind. A review of the literature on their treatment is important because chronic pain in adult PWH is often undertreated or wrongly treated, causing psychological problems for these patients...
May 3, 2018: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726431/telemedicine-in-diagnosis-treatment-and-management-of-diseases-in-children
#15
Abbas Sheikhtaheri, Farzaneh Kermani
The purpose of this study was to review different telemedicine services in diagnosis, treatment and management of various children diseases and providing an overview of systematic reviews conducted in this regard. We searched English articles published in peer-reviewed journals between 2000 to 2016. We found that tele-pediatric services have been reported in various areas such as cardiology, burn, diabetes, obesity, emergency medicine, speech and hearing loss, Ear, Nose and Throat, psychology and psychiatry, radiology, oncology, home healthcare, asthma, genetics and dentistry...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724736/-treading-water-but-drowning-slowly-what-are-gps-experiences-of-living-and-working-with-mental-illness-and-distress-in-england-a-qualitative-study
#16
Ruth Riley, Johanna Spiers, Carolyn A Chew-Graham, Anna K Taylor, Gail A Thornton, Marta Buszewicz
OBJECTIVES: This paper provides an in-depth account of general practitioners' (GPs) experiences of living and working with mental illness and distress, as part of a wider study reporting the barriers and facilitators to help-seeking for mental illness and burn-out, and sources of stress/distress for GP participants. DESIGN: Qualitative study using in-depth interviews with 47 GP participants. The interviews were audio recorded, transcribed, anonymised and imported into NVivo V...
May 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723906/-psychosocial-evaluation-of-transplant-patients-recommendations-for-the-guidelines-for-organ-transplantation
#17
Sylvia Kröncke, Gertrud Greif-Higer, Wolfgang Albert, Martina de Zwaan, Yesim Erim, Daniela Eser-Valeri, Christina Papachristou, Irene Petersen, Karl-Heinz Schulz, Katharina Tigges-Limmer, Frank Vitinius, Kristin Ziegler, Hans-Werner Künsebeck
For the last few years, the German Medical Association's guidelines for transplant medicine have been subject to an extensive revision process. The present contribution presents recommendations regarding the psychosocial evaluation of patients prior to organ transplantation, which were developed by experts from the Psychology/Psychosomatics committee of the German Transplant Society with the aim to incorporate the recommendations into the guidelines. The main objective is to establish a mandatory psychosocial evaluation for all patients prior to their admission to the transplant waiting list...
May 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723905/-psychologically-psychosomatically-relevant-aspects-in-the-german-medical-association-s-guidelines-for-transplant-medicine
#18
Sylvia Kröncke, Hans-Werner Künsebeck, Gertrud Greif-Higer
Transplant medicine in Germany is regulated by mandatory guidelines of the German Medical Association, the transplant law passed in 1997 serving as the legal basis. In 2012 a comprehensive modification of the guideline procedure was initiated. Since then, all guidelines are subject to an elaborate revision process. The present contribution initially depicts relevant background information and explains the formal aspects of the guideline procedure. Subsequently, the psychologically/psychosomatically relevant contents of the guidelines for organ transplantation are presented...
May 2018: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722578/a-review-of-prevention-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-relative-energy-deficiency-in-sport-red-s-in-artistic-synchronized-swimming
#19
Sherry Robertson, Margo Mountjoy
The syndrome Relative Energy Deficiency in Sport (RED-S) is a clinical entity characterized by low energy availability (LEA), which can negatively affect the health and performance of both male and female athletes. The underlying mechanism of RED-S is an inadequacy of dietary energy to support optimal health and performance. This syndrome refers to impaired physiological function including metabolic rate, menstrual function, bone health, immunity, protein synthesis, and cardiovascular health, with psychological consequences which can either precede (through restrictive dietary habits) or result from RED-S...
May 3, 2018: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719722/an-aggravated-return-to-work-case-of-organic-solvent-induced-chronic-toxic-encephalopathy
#20
Sangyun Seo, Jungwon Kim
Background: Organic solvent-induced chronic toxic encephalopathy (CTE) is known as a non-progressive disorder that does not progress after diagnosis. The authors present a case those symptoms worsened after continued exposure to organic solvent after returning to work. Because such a case has not been reported in South Korea to the best of our knowledge, we intend to report this case along with literature review. Case presentation: A 59-year-old man, who performed painting job at a large shipyard for 20 years, was receiving hospital treatment mainly for depression...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
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