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Psychological Medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634371/factors-related-to-good-asthma-control-using-different-medical-adherence-scales-in-latvian-asthma-patients-an-observational-study
#1
Dins Smits, Girts Brigis, Jana Pavare, Baiba Maurina, Noël Christopher Barengo
One of the main challenges in asthma control is adherence to pharmaceutical treatment. The aim of this study was to test the association between adherence to asthma medication, control and medical beliefs, cognitive and emotional perceptions using three different validated questionnaires. Beliefs about asthma medicine, cognitive and emotional factors were determined in a cross-sectional survey of patients attending outpatient pulmonologist practices in Latvia (n = 352). The validated Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire and the Brief Illness Perception Questionnaire were used...
June 20, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632194/a-mind-body-approach-to-pediatric-pain-management
#2
REVIEW
Melanie L Brown, Enrique Rojas, Suzanne Gouda
Pain is a significant public health problem that affects all populations and has significant financial, physical and psychological impact. Opioid medications, once the mainstay of pain therapy across the spectrum, can be associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Centers for Disease and Control (CDC) guidelines recommend that non-opioid pain medications are preferred for chronic pain outside of certain indications (cancer, palliative and end of life care). Mindfulness, hypnosis, acupuncture and yoga are four examples of mind-body techniques that are often used in the adult population for pain and symptom management...
June 20, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623040/-neuro-ophthalmological-conditions-study-of-the-clinical-care-pathway
#3
I Layat, G Challe, P LeHoang, B Bodaghi, V Touitou
INTRODUCTION: Neuro-ophthalmologic conditions require specialized multidisciplinary management, both medical and surgical, for patients affected by visual loss due to nervous system disease. The primary goal of this study is to define the specificity of neuro-ophthalmology within the realm of visual health. The secondary goal is to review clinical care pathways by studying the organization of management, in terms of accessibility to care and personalization of the care pathway. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A field study was carried out from February to June 2015, within the ophthalmology service of the Pitié-Salpêtrière University Medical Center in Paris...
June 13, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618214/how-to-stop-smoking
#4
Priyanga Jayakumar, Hema Madhuri Mekala, Rajashekar Reddy Yeruva, Steven Lippmann
Despite the known dangers of cigarette smoking, many smokers do not use effective means for cessation. Smoking-cessation guidelines recommend a variety of psychological and medicinal options that include nicotine-replacement products, pharmaceuticals, and electronic cigarettes. This article describes these smoking-cessation options and provides guidance for physicians.
June 8, 2017: Primary Care Companion to CNS Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616665/psychoneurocutaneous-medicine-past-present-and-future
#5
Katlein França, David E Castillo, Maria Grazia Roccia, Torello Lotti, Uwe Wollina, Massimo Fioranelli
Psychoneurocutaneous medicine is an important and rapidly growing field. It is an integrative science created to address the interaction between the mind, nervous system and skin. Four major fields are involved: psychiatry, psychology, neurology and dermatology. The history of psychoneurocutaneous medicine is old and fascinating. Even though it is a young science only established in the last century, allusions to the nervous system and diseases of the skin can be traced back thousands of years in the literature...
June 14, 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615771/comparative-study-of-psychiatric-manifestations-among-type-i-and-type-ii-diabetic-patients
#6
Rupesh Chaudhary, Pankaj Kumar, Akhil Chopra, Sandeep Chabbra, Parminder Singh
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and depressive disorders belong to the most common psychiatric disorders worldwide. They are generally seen in individuals who suffer from chronic diseases, such as diabetes mellitus (DM). The prevalence of depression among diabetics ranges from 8.5% to 32.5%, while that for anxiety it is up to 30%. In this study, we try to compare the mental health problems faced by those with Type I and Type II DM. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients diagnosed with Type I diabetes (T1D) and Type II diabetes each presenting to Medicine and Endocrinology Department were assessed with Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D) for depression and Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAM-A) for anxiety...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615007/rhythm-centred-music-making-in-community-living-elderly-a-randomized-pilot-study
#7
Angela Frances Yap, Yu Heng Kwan, Chuen Seng Tan, Syed Ibrahim, Seng Bin Ang
BACKGROUND: Quality of life has become an important aspect in the measurement of the health of an individual as the population ages. Rhythm-centred music making (RMM) has been shown to improve physical, psychological and social health. The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of RMM on quality of life, depressive mood, sleep quality and social isolation in the elderly. METHODS: A randomised controlled trial with cross over was conducted. 54 participants were recruited with 27 participants in each arm...
June 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614379/microbiome-restoration-diet-improves-digestion-cognition-and-physical-and-emotional-wellbeing
#8
Kate Lawrence, Jeannette Hyde
Manipulating gut bacteria in the microbiome, through the use of probiotics and prebiotics, has been found to have an influence on both physical and emotional wellbeing. This study uses a dietary manipulation 'The Gut Makeover' designed to elicit positive changes to the gut bacteria within the microbiome. 21 healthy participants undertook 'The Gut Makeover' for a four week period. Weight and various aspects of health were assessed pre and post intervention using the Functional Medicine Medical Symptoms Questionnaire (MSQ)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610755/epistemological-erasure-the-subject-of-abuse-in-the-problematization-of-elder-abuse
#9
Bridget Garnham, Lia Bryant
The academic field of literature pertaining to elder abuse emerges largely from gerontology with contributions from a variety of disciplines including geriatric medicine, nursing, public health, law, psychology, sociology and social work. This paper presents a critical review of articles drawn from this literature to identify current directions leading the development of empirical research in this field. The objective measurement of prevalence, the identification and correlation of psycho-social risk factors and practice-based research oriented to intervention and prevention are identified as privileged sites for scientific investigation...
April 2017: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608579/positive-behavioural-change-requires-clarity-objectivity-and-support
#10
Sue Cradock
The study by Byrne et al. [1] in this edition of Diabetic Medicine reports the results of an extensive survey of healthcare professionals regarding their experience of training support to help people with diabetes. The authors conclude that healthcare professionals are 'insufficiently equipped to provide diabetes self-management education including emotional and psychological aspects of diabetes'. This conclusion prompted me to reflect on how far we have, or rather have not, come in the last decade. This article is protected by copyright...
June 13, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608152/recovering-from-chronic-myeloid-leukemia-the-patients-perspective-seen-through-the-lens-of-narrative-medicine
#11
G Graffigna, I Cecchini, M Breccia, E Capochiani, R Della Seta, S Galimberti, A Melosi, F Simonetti, M Pizzuti, S F Capalbo, F Falzetti, P Mazza, N Di Renzo, L Mastrullo, D Rapezzi, E Orlandi, T Intermesoli, A Iurlo, E Pungolino, M Pacilli
PURPOSE: The main objective of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of how patients suffering from chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cope with their illness. The study aims to reconstruct the subjective meaning-making process related to CML in order to gain insights into the impact the disease has on patients' emotions and everyday lives, as well as to explore the psychological impact of their being presented with the chance to suspend their therapy and recover from the disease. METHODS: Data were gathered from a qualitative study conducted in Italy on 158 Italian CML patients...
June 12, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607640/predictors-of-intention-to-marriage-based-on-theory-of-planned-behavior-among-university-students-in-iran
#12
Reza Shahrabadi, Akram Karimi-Shahanjarini, Saeed Dashti, Alireza Soltanian, Gholamreza Garmaroudi
INTRODUCTION: Marriage is a social capital in society, so that makes the behavioral and social stability of parents and children in a generation, productive. Various factors can affect the intention of marriage, including individual, economic, social and cultural factors. The present study aimed to determine predictors of university students' intention to marriage based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB). METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed among 192 single students (Master and PhD students with five to seven years of dentistry and medicine) in Hamadan, in 2014...
April 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607542/interactions-of-cannabinoids-with-biochemical-substrates
#13
REVIEW
Brian F Thomas
Recent decades have seen much progress in the identification and characterization of cannabinoid receptors and the elucidation of the mechanisms by which derivatives of the Cannabis sativa plant bind to receptors and produce their physiological and psychological effects. The information generated in this process has enabled better understanding of the fundamental physiological and psychological processes controlled by the central and peripheral nervous systems and has fostered the development of natural and synthetic cannabinoids as therapeutic agents...
2017: Substance Abuse: Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607235/meeting-the-current-and-future-health-care-needs-of-sri-lanka-s-ageing-population
#14
Dilhar Samaraweera, Shiromi Maduwage
Sri Lanka is one of the fastest-ageing countries in the world. This rapid demographic transition is expected to result in one quarter of the population being elderly by the year 2041. Profound challenges face the country as a result, especially with respect to planning adequate elderly-oriented services in the social-care and health-care sectors. In response to this need, many initiatives have been put in place to promote and protect the welfare of older people, and these rights have been inscribed in law. Within the health sector, despite the wealth of policies and initiatives in recent years, it is clear that the existing health infrastructure and systems still require strengthening, reorientation and coordination, to meet the needs of the growing population of elderly individuals...
September 2016: WHO South-East Asia Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600036/effects-of-liver-depression-and-psychological-stress-on-human-uterine-leiomyoma-cells-by-an-ar-camp-pka-signal-transduction-pathway
#15
Tian Xia, Shuang Li, Ruihong Ma, Sufen Guan, Jiacui Li, Hongqin Li, Hexin Zhang, Qiu Lin, Zhimei Zhao, Baojuan Wang
OBJECTIVE: Based on the emotional theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine, and combined with the modern medicine theory of psychological stress, a research model of human uterine leiomyoma cells (ULM) was cultured in vitro to determine the effectiveness of adrenergic receptor (AR) agonists in human ULM cell growth. In addition, we studied the functional influence of "liver depression and psychological stress theory" on fibroid formation by intervening in the AR-cAMP-PKA signaling pathway...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599960/neuro-ophthalmological-conditions-study-of-the-clinical-care-pathway
#16
I Layat, G Challe, P LeHoang, B Bodaghi, V Touitou
INTRODUCTION: Neuro-ophthalmologic conditions require specialized multidisciplinary management, both medical and surgical, for patients affected by visual loss due to nervous system disease. The primary goal of this study is to define the specificity of neuro-ophthalmology within the realm of visual health. The secondary goal is to review clinical care pathways by studying the organization of management, in terms of accessibility to care and personalization of the care pathway. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A field study was carried out from February to June 2015, within the ophthalmology service of the Pitié-Salpêtrière University Medical Center in Paris...
June 6, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598804/pubertal-gynecomastia-years-of-progress-the-hacettepe-experience
#17
Sinem Akgül, Orhan Derman, Nuray Kanbur
Gynecomastia is defined as an enlargement of the male breast. Although it is commonly seen during puberty, it is often overlooked by many physicians. As adolescent medicine specialists, we believe there is a gap in the literature concerning both the etiology and maybe more importantly the care of these adolescents. Thus, we have been dedicated to conducting research on this topic. The aim of this review article was to evaluate the studies concerning pubertal gynecomastia that took place at the Division of Adolescent Medicine, Hacettepe University, published between the years 2003 and 2016...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595441/healing-spirituality-and-integrative-medicine
#18
David M Steinhorn, Jana Din, Angela Johnson
Spirituality plays a prominent role in the lives of most palliative patients whether or not they formally adhere to a specific religion and belief. As a result, the palliative care team is frequently called upon to support families who are experiencing their "dark night of the soul" and struggling to make sense of their lives during a healthcare crisis. While conventional religious practices provide a source of comfort and guidance for many of our patients, a significant number of our patients do not have a strong religious community to which to turn...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593779/-hirsutism
#19
M Fanta
OBJECTIVE: Overview of excessive hair growth in women, hirsutism. Although women with hirsutism typically present because of cosmetic concerns, the majority also have an underlying endocrine disorder. DESIGN: Review article. SETTING: Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, General Faculty Hospital and 1st Faculty of Medicine of Charles Universtity, Prague. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Hirsutism is a clinical diagnosis defined by the presence of excess terminal hair growth (dark, coarse hairs) in androgen-sensitive areas...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592473/implementing-the-sccm-family-centered-care-guidelines-in-critical-care-nursing-practice
#20
Maureen Coombs, Kathleen A Puntillo, Linda S Franck, Elizabeth A Scruth, Maurene A Harvey, Sandra M Swoboda, Judy E Davidson
Family-centered care is an important component of holistic nursing practice, particularly in critical care, where the impact on families of admitted patients can be physiologically and psychologically burdensome. Family-centered care guidelines, developed by an international group of nursing, medical, and academic experts for the American College of Critical Care Medicine/Society of Critical Care Medicine, explore the evidence base in 5 key areas of family-centered care. Evidence in each of the guideline areas is outlined and recommendations are made about how critical care nurses can use this information in family-centered care practice...
2017: AACN Advanced Critical Care
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