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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334717/-the-ten-year-retrospect-of-nutrition-and-health-status-of-pregnant-women-in-china
#1
C X Dong, S A Yin
Improvement of the nutrition and health status of pregnant women should be one of the top priority strategies of improving the physical fitness of next generation and reserve of talented person for national sustainable development. This paper reviews the nutrition and health status of pregnant women in China over the recent ten years and discusses the underlying factors and changing trends. The most popular nutrition-related problem is dietary imbalance, and many micronutrient intakes are lower than the recommended dietary intakes or adequate intakes, and some of nutrient intakes are still at a very low level for a long time such as vitamin D and calcium...
January 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333278/clinical-influence-of-exercise-therapy-on-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-chronic-pancreatitis-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Kazunori Yoh, Hiroki Nishikawa, Hirayuki Enomoto, Yoshinori Iwata, Akio Ishii, Yukihisa Yuri, Noriko Ishii, Yuho Miyamoto, Kunihiro Hasegawa, Chikage Nakano, Ryo Takata, Takashi Nishimura, Nobuhiro Aizawa, Yoshiyuki Sakai, Naoto Ikeda, Tomoyuki Takashima, Hiroko Iijima, Shuhei Nishiguchi
Introduction and purpose: Chronic pancreatitis (CP) involves progressive inflammatory changes to the pancreas and can lead to permanent structural damage and impairment of both endocrine and exocrine functions. Current reports highlight a rise in the incidence and prevalence of CP. However, there is limited data currently available concerning patients with CP undergoing exercise therapy (ET). We aim to prospectively examine the influence of ET on sarcopenia in patients with CP. Methods and analysis: A detailed evaluation of the nutritional condition and the daily physical activities of each participant will be conducted prior to entering the study...
2018: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327178/clinical-impact-and-risk-factors-for-skeletal-muscle-loss-after-complete-resection-of-early-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#3
Shinkichi Takamori, Gouji Toyokawa, Tatsuro Okamoto, Mototsugu Shimokawa, Fumihiko Kinoshita, Yuka Kozuma, Taichi Matsubara, Naoki Haratake, Takaki Akamine, Kazuki Takada, Masakazu Katsura, Fumihiko Hirai, Fumihiro Shoji, Tetsuzo Tagawa, Yoshinao Oda, Hiroshi Honda, Yoshihiko Maehara
BACKGROUND: A relationship between sarcopenia diagnosed by skeletal muscle area (SMA) and poor prognosis in cancer patients has recently been reported. This study aimed to clarify the clinical significance of postoperatively decreased SMA in patients with early non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: This study selected 101 patients with pathologic stage 1 NSCLC who had undergone pre- and postoperative (~ 1 year) computed tomography scans and lobectomy between 2005 and 2010 at Kyushu University Hospital...
January 11, 2018: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326089/associations-between-markers-of-oxidative-stress-skeletal-muscle-mass-and-function-and-to-the-influence-of-resistance-exercise-training-in-older-adults
#4
Ciriaco Carru, Mariasole Da Boit, Panagiotis Paliogiannis, Angelo Zinellu, Salvatore Sotgia, Rachael Sibson, Judith R Meakin, Richard M Aspden, Arduino A Mangoni, Stuart R Gray
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress (OS) negatively affects skeletal muscle homeostasis in experimental models of ageing. However, little is known about the associations between circulating OS markers and parameters of muscle mass and function, and their responses to exercise training, in humans. METHODS: Maximal voluntary contraction (MVC, primary outcome) and isokinetic torque of the knee extensors at 30° s-1 (MIT), muscle cross-sectional area (MCSA) and quality (MQ, secondary outcomes), and plasma concentrations of malondialdehyde (MDA, pro-OS), homocysteine (HCY, pro-OS), taurine (TAU, anti-OS), and protein sulphydryl groups (PSH, anti-OS) were measured in 27 healthy older males and 23 females at baseline and after an 18-week resistance exercise program, with or without a nutritional intervention (fish oil vs...
January 8, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321394/-chrono-nutrition-and-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid
#5
Shigenobu Shibata, Akiko Furutani
Circadian clock system has been widely maintained in many spices from prokaryote to mammals. "Circadian" means "approximately day" in Latin, thus circadian rhythm means about 24 hour rhythms. The earth revolves once every 24 hours, and our circadian system has been developed for adjusting to this 24 hour cycles, to get sun light information for getting their foods or for alive in birds or mammals. We have two different circadian systems so-called main oscillator located in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN) of the hypothalamus, and local oscillator located in the various peripheral organ tissues such as liver, kidney and skeletal muscle...
2018: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320446/physical-activity-physical-fitness-body-composition-and-nutrition-are-associated-with-bone-status-in-university-students
#6
Gotzone Hervás, Fátima Ruiz-Litago, Jon Irazusta, Ainhoa Fernández-Atutxa, Ana Belen Fraile-Bermúdez, Idoia Zarrazquin
Understanding the modifiable factors that improve and maximize peak bone mass at an early age is necessary to design more effective intervention programs to prevent osteoporosis. To identify these modifiable factors, we analyzed the relationship of physical activity (PA), physical fitness, body composition, and dietary intake with bone stiffness index (SI), measured by quantitative ultrasonometry in young university students (18-21 years). Moderate-to-vigorous PA (MVPA) was the strongest predictor of SI (β = 0...
January 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315892/effects-of-fasted-vs-fed-state-exercise-on-performance-and-post-exercise-metabolism-a-systematic-review-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Tom P Aird, Robert W Davies, Brian P Carson
The effects of nutrition on exercise metabolism and performance remains an important topic among sports scientists, clinical, and athletic populations. Recently, fasted exercise has garnered interest as a beneficial stimulus which induces superior metabolic adaptations to fed exercise in key peripheral tissues. Conversely, pre-exercise feeding augments exercise performance compared with fasting conditions. Given these seemingly divergent effects on performance and metabolism, an appraisal of the literature is warranted...
January 6, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314189/bite-or-brain-implication-of-sensorimotor-regulation-and-neuroplasticity-in-oral-rehabilitation-procedures
#8
REVIEW
Abhishek Kumar, Mohit Kothari, Anastasios Grigoriadis, Mats Trulsson, Peter Svensson
Tooth loss, decreased mass and strength of the masticatory muscles leading to difficulty in chewing have been suggested as important determinants of eating and nutrition in the elderly. To compensate for the loss of teeth, in particular, a majority of the elderly rely on dental prosthesis for chewing. Chewing function is indeed an important aspect of oral health and therefore, oral rehabilitation procedures should aim to restore or maintain adequate function. However, even if the possibilities to anatomically restore lost teeth and occlusion have never been better; conventional rehabilitation procedures may still fail to optimally restore oral functions...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313445/body-composition-metabolism-sleep-psychological-and-eating-patterns-of-overtraining-syndrome-results-of-the-eros-study-eros-profile
#9
Flavio A Cadegiani, Claudio E Kater
Overtraining syndrome (OTS) is caused by an imbalance between training, nutrition and resting, and leads to decreased performance and fatigue; however, the precise underlying triggers of OTS remain unclear. This study investigated the body composition, metabolism, eating, sleeping patterns and mood states among participants with OTS. Selected participants were divided into OTS-affected athletes (OTS, n = 14), healthy athletes (ATL, n = 25), and healthy non-physically active controls (NCS, n = 12). Compared to ATL, OTS showed decreased sleep quality (p = 0...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311764/effects-of-beetroot-juice-supplementation-on-intermittent-high-intensity-exercise-efforts
#10
REVIEW
Raúl Domínguez, José Luis Maté-Muñoz, Eduardo Cuenca, Pablo García-Fernández, Fernando Mata-Ordoñez, María Carmen Lozano-Estevan, Pablo Veiga-Herreros, Sandro Fernandes da Silva, Manuel Vicente Garnacho-Castaño
Beetroot juice contains high levels of inorganic nitrate (NO3-) and its intake has proved effective at increasing blood nitric oxide (NO) concentrations. Given the effects of NO in promoting vasodilation and blood flow with beneficial impacts on muscle contraction, several studies have detected an ergogenic effect of beetroot juice supplementation on exercise efforts with high oxidative energy metabolism demands. However, only a scarce yet growing number of investigations have sought to assess the effects of this supplement on performance at high-intensity exercise...
2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29308681/therapeutic-considerations-of-sarcopenia-in-heart-failure-patients
#11
Masakazu Saitoh, Nicole Ebner, Stephan von Haehling, Stefan D Anker, Jochen Springer
Sarcopenia is a common feature, and affects 20-47% of patients with heart failure (HF). Sarcopenia is also an independent predictor of impaired functional capacity, even after adjusting for clinical relevant variables, which is associated with adverse outcome in patients with HF. Areas covered: Several different pathophysiological pathways are involved in sarcopenic processes including altered nutrient intake and absorption, hormonal factor, inflammatory processes, oxidative stress, cellular proteolysis, and unhealthy lifestyle...
January 7, 2018: Expert Review of Cardiovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307776/body-fat-mass-lean-body-mass-and-associated-biomarkers-as-determinants-of-bone-mineral-density-in-children-6-8years-of-age-the-physical-activity-and-nutrition-in-children-panic-study
#12
Sonja Soininen, Virpi Sidoroff, Virpi Lindi, Anitta Mahonen, Liisa Kröger, Heikki Kröger, Jarmo Jääskeläinen, Mustafa Atalay, David E Laaksonen, Tomi Laitinen, Timo A Lakka
Lean body mass (LM) has been positively associated with bone mineral density (BMD) in children and adolescents, but the relationship between body fat mass (FM) and BMD remains controversial. Several biomarkers secreted by adipose tissue, skeletal muscle, or bone may affect bone metabolism and BMD. We investigated the associations of LM, FM, and such biomarkers with BMD in children. We studied a population sample of 472 prepubertal Finnish children (227 girls, 245 boys) aged 6-8years. We assessed BMD, LM, and FM using whole-body dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and analysed several biomarkers from fasting blood samples...
January 4, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305990/effect-of-yeast-xanthophyllomyces-dendrorhous-and-plant-saint-john-s-wort-lemon-balm-and-rosemary-extract-based-functional-diets-on-antioxidant-and-immune-status-of-atlantic-salmon-salmo-salar-subjected-to-crowding-stress
#13
Sebastián Reyes-Cerpa, Eva Vallejos-Vidal, María José Gonzalez-Bown, Jonathan Morales-Reyes, Diego Pérez-Stuardo, Deborah Vargas, Mónica Imarai, Víctor Cifuentes, Eugenio Spencer, Ana María Sandino, Felipe E Reyes-López
Salmon farming may face stress due to the intensive culture conditions with negative impacts on overall performance. In this aspect, functional feed improves not only the basic nutritional requirements but also the health status and fish growth. However, to date no studies have been carried out to evaluate the effect of functional diets in salmon subjected to crowding stress. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of yeast (Xanthophyllomyces dendrorhous; diet A) and the combination of plant extracts (common Saint John's wort, lemon balm, and rosemary; diet B) on the antioxidant and immune status of Atlantic salmon grown under normal cultured conditions and then subjected to crowding stress...
January 3, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305245/home-parenteral-nutrition-increases-fat-free-mass-in-patients-with-incurable-gastrointestinal-cancer-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Sine Roelsgaard Obling, Benedicte Vibjerg Wilson, Per Pfeiffer, Jens Kjeldsen
OBJECTIVE: Preventing loss of muscle mass and function is an enduring challenge in malnourished patients with incurable cancer. The benefit of supplemental home parenteral nutrition has not been firmly established. Our aim was to evaluate the effects of supplemental home parenteral nutrition, the primary endpoint being fat free mass (FFM) and secondary: muscle function, quality of life and overall survival. DESIGN AND METHODS: In a single centre open-label randomised controlled trial, patients with incurable gastrointestinal cancer, nutritionally at risk, were randomly assigned to either; a) best practice nutritional care and dietetic counselling (non-sHPN) or b) dietetic counselling and supplemental home parenteral nutrition (sHPN group)...
December 21, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304058/feeding-sunflower-cake-from-biodiesel-production-to-santa-ines-lambs-physicochemical-composition-fatty-acid-profile-and-sensory-attributes-of-meat
#15
Anny Graycy Vasconcelos de Oliveira Lima, Ronaldo Lopes Oliveira, Thadeu Mariniello Silva, Analívia Martins Barbosa, Thiago Vinicius Costa Nascimento, Vinicius da Silva Oliveira, Rebeca Dantas Xavier Ribeiro, Elzânia Sales Pereira, Leilson Rocha Bezerra
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of the inclusion of sunflower cake in the diets of lambs on meat quality. Forty male, uncastrated Santa Ines lambs with an initial average body weight of 20.9 ± 0.41 kg were used in a completely randomized design with four treatments. The lambs were fed 500 g/kg hay and 500 g/kg concentrate (corn, soybean meal, urea, ammonium sulfate and sunflower cake) in their diet, and the experimental treatments were 0, 10, 20, and 30% sunflower cake inclusion (DM basis)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300431/effects-of-protein-essential-amino-acids-b-hydroxy-b-methylbutyrate-creatine-dehydroepiandrosterone-and-fatty-acid-supplementation-on-muscle-mass-muscle-strength-and-physical-performance-in-older-people-aged-60-years-and-over-a-systematic-review-on-the-literature
#16
C Beaudart, V Rabenda, M Simmons, A Geerinck, I Araujo De Carvalho, J-Y Reginster, J Amuthavalli Thiyagarajan, O Bruyère
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review to investigate the effects protein, essential amino acids (EAA), β-hydroxy β-methylbutyrate (HMB), creatine, dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and fatty acid supplementation on muscle mass, muscle strength and physical performance of elderly subjects. METHODS: Using the electronic databases MEDLINE and EMBASE we identified RCTs published until February 2016 which assessed the effects of these nutrient supplementation on muscle strength, muscle mass or physical performance...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300423/effects-of-low-dose-dairy-protein-plus-micronutrient-supplementation-during-resistance-exercise-on-muscle-mass-and-physical-performance-in-older-adults-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
S Seino, K Sumi, M Narita, Y Yokoyama, K Ashida, A Kitamura, S Shinkai
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether supplementation with low-dose dairy protein plus micronutrients augments the effects of resistance exercise (RE) on muscle mass and physical performance compared with RE alone among older adults. DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tokyo, Japan. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-two community-dwelling older adults (mean age, 73.5 years) were randomly allocated to an RE plus dairy protein and micronutrient supplementation group or an RE only group (n = 41 each)...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297809/congenital-nutritional-myodegeneration-white-muscle-disease-in-a-giraffe-giraffa-camelopardalis-calf
#18
Jan H Bos, Fokko C Klip, Marja J L Kik
It is well known that vitamin E and selenium deficiencies in domestic ruminants can lead to white muscle disease. After a clinically normal gestation period at Ouwehand Zoo in the Netherlands, a newborn giraffe ( Giraffa camelopardalis) calf showed clinical signs of white muscle disease almost immediately after birth. The calf was rejected by the mother and was euthanized 3 days later because of deterioration of clinical signs. At necropsy, pulmonary edema and pallor of skeletal and heart muscles was noted...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295548/potential-role-of-amino-acid-protein-nutrition-and-exercise-in-serum-albumin-redox-state
#19
REVIEW
Yasuaki Wada, Yasuhiro Takeda, Masashi Kuwahata
Albumin is the major protein in the serum of mammals. It is synthesized exclusively in the liver, before being secreted into the circulation. Similar to skeletal muscle protein, albumin synthesis is stimulated by dietary amino acids and proteins as well as exercise. Albumin has three isoforms based on the redox states of the free cysteine residue at position 34. The redox state of serum albumin has long been extensively investigated in terms of oxidative stress-related chronic diseases, with the redox state of serum albumin having been regarded as a marker of systemic oxidative stress...
December 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289514/nutrient-excess-and-autophagic-deficiency-explaining-metabolic-diseases-in-obesity
#20
REVIEW
Gustav van Niekerk, André duToit, Ben Loos, Anna-Mart Engelbrecht
Over-nutrition and a sedentary lifestyle are the driving forces behind the development of metabolic diseases. Conversely, caloric restriction and exercise have proven to be the most effective strategies in combating metabolic diseases. Interestingly, exercise and caloric restriction share a common feature: both represent a potent mechanism for upregulating autophagy. Autophagy is rapidly induced by nutrient deprivation, and conversely, inactivated by amino acids as well as growth factors (e.g. insulin). Here, we review evidence demonstrating that autophagy may indeed be attenuated in metabolic tissue such as liver, muscle, and adipose, in the context of obesity...
December 28, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
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