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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722752/application-of-a-sensory-instrumental-tool-to-study-apple-texture-characteristics-shaped-by-altitude-and-time-of-harvest
#1
Mathilde Charles, Maria Laura Corollaro, Luigi Manfrini, Isabella Endrizzi, Eugenio Aprea, Angelo Zanella, Luca Corelli Grappadelli, Flavia Gasperi
BACKGROUND: Texture is important in the preferences of apple consumers. Of the pre-harvest factors affecting fruit quality and especially texture, altitude and subsequent climatic conditions are crucial, determining differences in the physiological mechanisms of fruit growth, ripening stage and chemical composition, as demonstrated by several studies. This work applies a detailed sensory-instrumental protocol developed in a previous paper(1) to investigate the impact of altitude, time of harvest and their cross-effect on sensory characteristics of apple, with a focus on texture...
July 19, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722620/case-report-infectious-diseases-in-pilgrims-visiting-the-holy-land
#2
Orna Nitzan, Arnon Blum, Esther Marva, Adina Katz, Bat-Sheva Tzadok, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Gad Baneth, Avi Peretz
Every year Christian pilgrims from around the world visit the holy sites located around the Sea of Galilee. Some become ill during their stay with infectious diseases that were acquired in their country of origin, and are hospitalized at Poriya Medical Center. They pose a diagnostic challenge due to language barriers, the rarity of these infections in Israel, and the fact that diagnostic tests are not readily available. All patient records from 2015 of Holy Land tourists hospitalized at Poriya Medical Center were screened for the diagnosis of imported zoonotic diseases that are not commonly diagnosed in Israel...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722584/rocky-mountain-spotted-fever-and-pregnancy-four-cases-from-sonora-mexico
#3
Jesus David Licona-Enriquez, Jesus Delgado-de la Mora, Christopher D Paddock, Carlos Arturo Ramirez-Rodriguez, María Del Carmen Candia-Plata, Gerardo Álvarez Hernández
We present a series of four pregnant women with Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) that occurred in Sonora, Mexico, during 2015-2016. Confirmatory diagnoses were made by polymerase chain reaction or serological reactivity to antigens of Rickettsia rickettsii by using an indirect immunofluorescence antibody assay. Each patient presented with fever and petechial rash and was treated successfully with doxycycline. Each of the women and one full-term infant delivered at 36 weeks gestation survived the infection...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722181/historical-biome-distribution-and-recent-human-disturbance-shape-the-diversity-of-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi
#4
Meelis Pärtel, Maarja Öpik, Mari Moora, Leho Tedersoo, Robert Szava-Kovats, Søren Rosendahl, Matthias C Rillig, Ylva Lekberg, Holger Kreft, Thorunn Helgason, Ove Eriksson, John Davison, Francesco de Bello, Tancredi Caruso, Martin Zobel
The availability of global microbial diversity data, collected using standardized metabarcoding techniques, makes microorganisms promising models for investigating the role of regional and local factors in driving biodiversity. Here we modelled the global diversity of symbiotic arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi using currently available data on AM fungal molecular diversity (small subunit (SSU) ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequences) in field samples. To differentiate between regional and local effects, we estimated species pools (sets of potentially suitable taxa) for each site, which are expected to reflect regional processes...
July 19, 2017: New Phytologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721188/trait-variation-along-elevation-gradients-in-a-dominant-woody-shrub-is-population-specific-and-driven-by-plasticity
#5
Alix A Pfennigwerth, Joseph K Bailey, Jennifer A Schweitzer
Elevation gradients are frequently used as space-for-time substitutions to infer species' trait responses to climate change. However, studies rarely investigate whether trait responses to elevation are widespread or population-specific within a species, and the relative genetic and plastic contributions to such trait responses may not be well understood. Here, we examine plant trait variation in the dominant woody shrub, Rhododendron maximum, along elevation gradients in three populations in the South Central Appalachian Mountains, USA, in both field and common garden environments...
July 2017: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720395/acetazolamide-and-n-acetylcysteine-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-mountain-sickness-monge-s-disease
#6
Shailendra Sharma, Jane Gralla, Joyce Gonzalez Ordonez, Maria-Elena Hurtado, Erik R Swenson, Robert B Schoene, Jackeline Pando Kelly, David Callacondo, Christopher Rivard, Carlos Roncal-Jimenez, Jeffrey Sirota, Richard Fuquay, Brian P Jackson, Kai E Swenson, Richard J Johnson, Abdias Hurtado, Elizabeth Escudero
Patients suffering from chronic mountain sickness (CMS) have excessive erythrocytosis. Low -level cobalt toxicity as a likely contributor has been demonstrated in some subjects. We performed a randomized, placebo controlled clinical trial in Cerro de Pasco, Peru (4,380 m), where 84 participants with a hematocrit (HCT) ≥65% and CMS score>6, were assigned to four treatment groups of placebo, acetazolamide (ACZ, which stimulates respiration), N-acetylcysteine (NAC, an antioxidant that chelates cobalt) and combination of ACZ and NAC for 6 weeks...
July 15, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720110/molecular-characterisation-of-protist-parasites-in-human-habituated-mountain-gorillas-gorilla-beringei-beringei-humans-and-livestock-from-bwindi-impenetrable-national-park-uganda
#7
Matthew J Nolan, Melisa Unger, Yuen-Ting Yeap, Emma Rogers, Ilary Millet, Kimberley Harman, Mark Fox, Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, Damer P Blake
BACKGROUND: Over 60 % of human emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic, and there is growing evidence of the zooanthroponotic transmission of diseases from humans to livestock and wildlife species, with major implications for public health, economics, and conservation. Zooanthroponoses are of relevance to critically endangered species; amongst these is the mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) of Uganda. Here, we assess the occurrence of Cryptosporidium, Cyclospora, Giardia, and Entamoeba infecting mountain gorillas in the Bwindi Impenetrable National Park (BINP), Uganda, using molecular methods...
July 18, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718202/patterns-of-mortality-in-a-montane-mixed-conifer-forest-in-san-diego-county-california
#8
Mary Pyott Freeman, Douglas A Stow, Li An
We examine spatial patterns of conifer tree mortality and their changes over time for the montane mixed-conifer forests of San Diego County. These forest areas have recently experienced extensive tree mortality due to multiple factors. A spatial contextual image processing approach was utilized with high spatial resolution digital airborne imagery to map dead trees for the years 1997, 2000, 2002, and 2005 for three study areas: Palomar, Volcan, and Laguna mountains. Plot-based fieldwork was conducted to further assess mortality patterns...
July 17, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718093/evolvement-rules-of-basin-flood-risk-under-low-carbon-mode-part-ii-risk-assessment-of-flood-disaster-under-different-land-use-patterns-in-the-haihe-basin
#9
Fawen Li, Liping Wang, Yong Zhao
Land use pattern contains a large amount of information about the flood hazard-formative environments, which is the most sensitive factor in hazard-formative environments. In this paper, based on the land use pattern in 2008 (the base year) and in 2020 (the planning year), the comparative analysis of flood disaster risk changes in Haihe basin were studied by the spatial analysis function of ARCGIS and the analytic hierarchy process (AHP). The results showed the flood disaster risk in Haihe basin had an obvious zonality in the space, among which low risk was located in the northwest regions, and high risk was located in the southeast regions...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717604/central-vestibular-syndrome-in-a-red-fox-vulpes-vulpes-with-presumptive-right-caudal-cerebral-artery-ischemic-infarct-and-prevalent-midbrain-involvement
#10
Mario Ricciardi, Floriana Gernone, Antonio De Simone, Pasquale Giannuzzi
A wild young male red fox (Vulpes vulpes) was found in the mountainous hinterland of Rome (Italy) with a heavily depressed mental status and unresponsive to the surrounding environment. Neurological examination revealed depression, left circling, right head tilt, ventromedial positional strabismus and decreased postural reactions on the left side. Neurological abnormalities were suggestive of central vestibular syndrome. Two consecutive MRIs performed with 30 days interval were compatible with lacunar ischemic infarct in the territory of right caudal cerebral artery and its collateral branches...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717167/spatial-distribution-of-qinghai-spruce-forests-and-the-thresholds-of-influencing-factors-in-a-small-catchment-qilian-mountains-northwest-china
#11
Wenjuan Yang, Yanhui Wang, Shunli Wang, Ashley A Webb, Pengtao Yu, Xiande Liu, Xuelong Zhang
Forest restoration in dryland mountainous areas is extremely difficult due to dry climate, complex topography and accelerating climate change. Thus, exact identification of suitable sites is required. This study at a small watershed of Qilian Mountains, Northwest China, aimed to determine the important factors and their thresholds limiting the spatial distribution of forests of Qinghai spruce (Picea crassifolia), a locally dominant tree species. The watershed was divided into 342 spatial units. Their location, terrain and vegetation characteristics were recorded...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716395/-it-ruined-my-life-the-effects-of-the-war-on-drugs-on-people-who-inject-drugs-pwid-in-rural-puerto-rico
#12
R Abadie, C Gelpi-Acosta, C Davila, A Rivera, M Welch-Lazoritz, K Dombrowski
BACKGROUND: The War on Drugs has raised the incarceration rates of racial minorities for non-violent drug-related crimes, profoundly stigmatized drug users, and redirected resources from drug prevention and treatment to militarizing federal and local law enforcement. Yet, while some states consider shifting their punitive approach to drug use, to one based on drug treatment and rehabilitation, nothing suggests that these policy shifts are being replicated in Puerto Rico. METHODS: This paper utilizes data from 360 PWID residing in four rural towns in the mountainous area of central Puerto Rico...
July 14, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716290/yarsagumba-fungus-health-problems-in-the-himalayan-gold-rush
#13
Pranawa Koirala, Bidur Pandit, Pratibha Phuyal, Ken Zafren
INTRODUCTION: Seasonal migration of people in search of Yarsagumba fungus creates a population of collectors that faces hardship and health risks in austere high-altitude settings. METHODS: In 2016, our 4-person team performed a 2-day health-needs survey of people collecting Yarsagumba fungus near the village of Yak Kharka (4020 m) in the Manang District of Nepal. RESULTS: There were approximately 800 people, both male and female, from age 10 to over 60, collecting Yarsagumba fungus...
July 14, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716150/swedish-norwegian-co-operation-in-the-treatment-of-three-hypothermia-victims-a-case-report
#14
Anders Wetting Carlsen, Nils K Skjaervold, Nils Johan Berg, Øystein Karlsen, Eli Gunnarson, Alexander Wahba
BACKGROUND: Accidental hypothermia with cardiac arrest represents a challenge for pre-hospital rescuers as well as in-hospital staff. For pre-hospital personnel, the main focus is to get the patient to the correct destination without unnecessary delay. For in-hospital personnel early information is vital to assess the possibility for resuscitation with extracorporeal re-warming. The challenge is augmented when rescuers must cross national borders to reach and/or deliver the patients. We present a case where three adolescent boys suffered severe hypothermia after a canoeing accident in Sweden...
July 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715855/assessing-long-term-impact-of-land-use-change-on-hydrological-ecosystem-functions-in-a-mediterranean-upland-agro-forestry-catchment
#15
Paolo Nasta, Mario Palladino, Nadia Ursino, Antonio Saracino, Angelo Sommella, Nunzio Romano
During the second half of the 20th century farming systems in hilly and mountainous areas of Mediterranean Europe were progressively abandoned and the forest cover subsequently re-expanded. This paper investigates the environmental impacts of land-use/land-cover (LULC) changes on hydrological ecosystem functions (HEFs) in the Upper Alento River Catchment (UARC) in southern Italy. We document the human-driven post-war landscape in 1955 with its maximum expansion of pasture and crops. By 1998 forest cover had doubled and cropland had roughly halved due to decades of land abandonment and reduction in human pressure...
July 10, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714347/antifungal-activities-and-active-ingredients-of-melodinus-suaveolens-champ-ex-benth
#16
Yanan Xu, Siquan Ling, Dongqiang Zeng, Wenwei Tang
Four Melodinus species with antifungal activity were found in survey of the floral resources, in Shiwan Mountain Natural Reserve, Guangxi Province, China. Crude methanolic extracts of the twigs and leaves of Melodinus suaveolens exhibited potent antifungal activities against the plant pathogenic fungi Colletotrichum musae, Colletotrichum graminicola, Colletotrichum gloeosporioides and Alternaria musae, and the ethyl acetate fraction inhibited these pathogens at rates of 85.37, 91.47, 72.77 and 89.87%, respectively (5 mg/mL)...
July 16, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712568/the-discovery-of-wild-date-palms-in-oman-reveals-a-complex-domestication-history-involving-centers-in-the-middle-east-and-africa
#17
Muriel Gros-Balthazard, Marco Galimberti, Athanasios Kousathanas, Claire Newton, Sarah Ivorra, Laure Paradis, Yves Vigouroux, Robert Carter, Margareta Tengberg, Vincent Battesti, Sylvain Santoni, Laurent Falquet, Jean-Christophe Pintaud, Jean-Frédéric Terral, Daniel Wegmann
For many crops, wild relatives constitute an extraordinary resource for cultivar improvement [1, 2] and also help to better understand the history of their domestication [3]. However, the wild ancestor species of several perennial crops have not yet been identified. Perennial crops generally present a weak domestication syndrome allowing cultivated individuals to establish feral populations difficult to distinguish from truly wild populations, and there is frequently ongoing gene flow between wild relatives and the crop that might erode most genetic differences [4]...
July 8, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711665/ancient-mitochondrial-pseudogenes-reveal-hybridization-between-distant-lineages-in-the-evolution-of-the-rupicapra-genus
#18
T Pérez, F Rodríguez, M Fernández, J Albornoz, A Domínguez
Mitochondrial pseudogenes (numts) inserted in the nuclear genome are frequently found in population studies. Its presence is commonly connected with problems and errors when they are confounded with true mitochondrial sequences. In the opposite side, numts can provide valuable phylogenetic information when they are copies of ancient mitochondrial lineages. We show that Rupicapra individuals of different geographic origin from the Cantabrian Mountains to the Apennines and the Caucasus share a nuclear COI fragment...
July 12, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711245/feeding-of-palm-oil-fatty-acids-or-rapeseed-oil-throughout-lactation-effects-on-energy-status-body-composition-and-milk-production-in-norwegian-dairy-goats
#19
M Eknæs, Y Chilliard, K Hove, R A Inglingstad, L Bernard, H Volden
The objective of this experiment was to examine how supplements of rapeseed oil or palm oil fatty acids would affect milk production and composition, body lipid stores, and energy balance in 30 multiparous goats of Norwegian dairy goat breed. The experiment lasted 230 d, with 1 to 120 d in milk (DIM) for indoor feeding (P1), 120 to 200 DIM for mountain grazing (P2), and 200 to 230 DIM for indoor feeding (P3). Grass silage was fed according to appetite during indoor feeding periods. After an adjustment period (1-60 DIM) when the control diet was given to the goats, the animals were subdivided into 3 groups of 10 goats...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710689/assessment-of-major-ions-and-trace-elements-in-groundwater-supplied-to-the-monterrey-metropolitan-area-nuevo-le%C3%A3-n-mexico
#20
Abrahan Mora, Jürgen Mahlknecht, Laura Rosales-Lagarde, Arturo Hernández-Antonio
The Monterrey metropolitan area (MMA) is the third greatest urban area and the second largest economic city of Mexico. More than four million people living in this megacity use groundwater for drinking, industrial and household purposes. Thus, major ion and trace element content were assessed in order to investigate the main hydrochemical properties of groundwater and determine if groundwater of the area poses a threat to the MMA population. Hierarchical cluster analysis using all the groundwater chemical data showed five groups of water...
August 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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