keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Altitude illness

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720255/altitude-related-illnesses
#1
Roberto Alfonso Accinelli, Lidia Marianella López
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 15, 2017: Archivos de Bronconeumología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716290/yarsagumba-fungus-health-problems-in-the-himalayan-gold-rush
#2
Pranawa Koirala, Bidur Pandit, Pratibha Phuyal, Ken Zafren
INTRODUCTION: Seasonal migration of people in search of Yarsagumba fungus creates a population of collectors that faces hardship and health risks in austere high-altitude settings. METHODS: In 2016, our 4-person team performed a 2-day health-needs survey of people collecting Yarsagumba fungus near the village of Yak Kharka (4020 m) in the Manang District of Nepal. RESULTS: There were approximately 800 people, both male and female, from age 10 to over 60, collecting Yarsagumba fungus...
July 14, 2017: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696953/out-of-air-is-going-to-high-altitude-safe-for-your-patient
#3
Ann M Mendenhall, Christopher P Forest
As more people travel to high altitudes for recreation or work, more travelers with underlying medical conditions will need advice before traveling or treatment for altitude illness. This article focuses on the two main issues for travelers: whether travel to a high altitude will have a negative effect on their underlying medical condition and whether the medical condition increases the patient's risk of developing altitude illness. Although patients with severe pulmonary or cardiac conditions are most at risk in the hypoxic environment, other conditions such as diabetes and pregnancy warrant attention as well...
July 10, 2017: JAAPA: Official Journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695835/the-concept-of-travel-medicine-and-the-actual-situation-of-travel-related-illnesses
#4
Varol Tunalı, Nevin Turgay
Travel medicine defines all diseases and medical situations that are related to travel. Travel medicine comprises infectious diseases, traumas, altitude sickness, sun burns, embolisms, jet lag, and many more travel-related situations. With the increasing possibility and ease of travel, the number of people who have travelled internationally has exceeded 1.13 billion in 2014, and the revenues of international travel have exceeded 1.25 trillion dollars. With every passing day, international travels are shifting toward the developing countries and to more exotic regions of the world, and travelers tend to be more adventurous and daring, thereby increasing risky behaviors during travels...
June 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653390/interventions-for-preventing-high-altitude-illness-part-1-commonly-used-classes-of-drugs
#5
REVIEW
Víctor H Nieto Estrada, Daniel Molano Franco, Roger David Medina, Alejandro G Gonzalez Garay, Arturo J Martí-Carvajal, Ingrid Arevalo-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: High altitude illness (HAI) is a term used to describe a group of cerebral and pulmonary syndromes that can occur during travel to elevations above 2500 metres (8202 feet). Acute hypoxia, acute mountain sickness (AMS), high altitude cerebral oedema (HACE) and high altitude pulmonary oedema (HAPE) are reported as potential medical problems associated with high altitude. In this review, the first in a series of three about preventive strategies for HAI, we assess the effectiveness of six of the most recommended classes of pharmacological interventions...
June 27, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609593/travelling-safely-to-places-at-high-altitude-understanding-and-preventing-altitude-illness
#6
Ivan Parise
BACKGROUND: Greater numbers of people are travelling to places at high altitude each year. Altitude illness is common in places at high altitude and may be life-threatening. General practitioners (GPs) are best placed to provide evidence-based advice to keep travellers well informed of the possible risks they may encounter in places at high altitude. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to review knowledge on altitude illness in order to help GPs assist patients to travel safely to places at high altitude...
June 2017: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582330/high-altitude-illness-in-the-pediatric-population-a-review-of-the-literature-on-prevention-and-treatment
#7
Vanessa Garlick, Anne O'Connor, Catherine D Shubkin
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Increasing numbers of children are now traveling to high-altitude destinations, and pediatricians often see these children prior to and immediately following their travels. Thus, pediatricians have the opportunity to provide guidance for the prevention of altitude illness and must treat high-altitude illness (HAI) in some circumstances. This review will examine guidelines for prevention and management of HAI in the pediatric population. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research has examined children's short-term cardiorespiratory adaptation to high altitude, incidence of acute mountain sickness, hypoxic ventilator response, and maximal exercise capacity...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509579/findings-of-cognitive-impairment-at-high-altitude-relationships-to-acetazolamide-use-and-acute-mountain-sickness
#8
Lara Phillips, Buddha Basnyat, Yuchiao Chang, Erik R Swenson, N Stuart Harris
Phillips, Lara, Buddha Basnyat, Yuchiao Chang, Erik R. Swenson, and N. Stuart Harris. Findings of cognitive impairment at high altitude: relationships to acetazolamide use and acute mountain sickness. High Alt Med Biol. 18:121-127, 2017. OBJECTIVE: Acute mountain sickness (AMS) is defined by patient-reported symptoms using the Lake Louise Score (LLS), which provides limited insight into any possible underlying central nervous system (CNS) dysfunction. Some evidence suggests AMS might coexist with altered neural functioning...
June 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433745/hypoxia-augments-lps-induced-inflammation-and-triggers-high-altitude-cerebral-edema-in-mice
#9
Yanzhao Zhou, Xin Huang, Tong Zhao, Meng Qiao, Xingnan Zhao, Ming Zhao, Lun Xu, Yongqi Zhao, Liying Wu, Kuiwu Wu, Ruoli Chen, Ming Fan, Lingling Zhu
High altitude cerebral edema (HACE) is a life-threatening illness that develops during the rapid ascent to high altitudes, but its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Growing evidence has implicated inflammation in the susceptibility to and development of brain edema. In the present study, we investigated the inflammatory response and its roles in HACE in mice following high altitude hypoxic injury. We report that acute hypobaric hypoxia induced a slight inflammatory response or brain edema within 24h in mice...
April 20, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411926/advances-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-high-altitude-illness
#10
REVIEW
Christopher Davis, Peter Hackett
High altitude illness encompasses a spectrum of clinical entities to include: acute mountain sickness, high altitude cerebral edema, and high altitude pulmonary edema. These illnesses occur as a result of a hypobaric hypoxic environment. Although a mild case of acute mountain sickness may be self-limited, high altitude cerebral edema and high altitude pulmonary edema represent critical emergencies that require timely intervention. This article reviews recent advances in the prevention and treatment of high altitude illness, including new pharmacologic strategies for prophylaxis and revised treatment guidelines...
May 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398844/breathlessness-at-high-altitude-first-episode-of-bronchoconstriction-in-an-otherwise-healthy-sojourner
#11
Sanjeeb Sudarshan Bhandari, Pranawa Koirala, Sadichhya Lohani, Pratibha Phuyal, Buddha Basnyat
Bhandari, Sanjeeb Sudarshan, Pranawa Koirala, Sadichhya Lohani, Pratibha Phuyal, and Buddha Basnyat. Breathlessness at high altitude: first episode of bronchoconstriction in an otherwise healthy sojourner. High Alt Med Biol.. 18:179-181, 2017-High-altitude illness is a collective term for less severe acute mountain sickness and more severe high-altitude pulmonary edema (HAPE) and high-altitude cerebral edema, which we can experience while traveling to high altitude. These get better when we get down to the lower altitudes...
June 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333563/effect-of-high-altitude-exposure-on-intraocular-pressure-using-goldmann-applanation-tonometry
#12
Gabriel Willmann, Kai Schommer, Maximilian Schultheiss, M Dominik Fischer, Karl-Ulrich Bartz-Schmidt, Florian Gekeler, Andreas Schatz
Willmann, Gabriel, Kai Schommer, Maximilian Schultheiss, M. Dominik Fischer, Karl-Ulrich Bartz-Schmidt, Florian Gekeler, and Andreas Schatz. Effect of high altitude exposure on intraocular pressure using Goldmann applanation tonometry. High Alt Med Biol. 00:000-000, 2017. AIMS: The aim of the study was to quantify changes of intraocular pressure (IOP) during exposure to 4559 m using the state-of-the-art method of Goldmann applanation tonometry for IOP measurement and to detect correlations between IOP and acute mountain sickness (AMS) in a prospective manner...
March 23, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291467/a-retrospective-cohort-analysis-of-battle-injury-versus-disease-non-battle-injury-two-validating-flight-surgeons-experience
#13
William P Butler, Lawrence W Steinkraus, Brittany L Fouts, Jennifer L Serres
Today, military combat medical care is the best it has ever been. Regulated U.S. Air Force aeromedical evacuation (AE) is one important reason. The Theater Validating Flight Surgeon (TVFS) validates that a patient is ready for flight. Two TVFSs' experiences, successively deployed in 2007, are the focus of this study. A unique operational worksheet used to manage the AE queue was used for approximately 5 months. A descriptive analysis of the worksheet's 1,389 patients found the majority male (94%), median age 30 years, and mostly Army enlisted soldiers (63%)...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285976/high-altitude-illness-in-pilgrims-after-rapid-ascent-to-4380%C3%A2-m
#14
Ken Zafren, Matiram Pun, Nirajan Regmi, Gobinda Bashyal, Bhuwan Acharya, Subarna Gautam, Sujan Jamarkattel, Shankar Raj Lamichhane, Suman Acharya, Buddha Basnyat
BACKGROUND: The goal of the study was to characterize high altitude illness in Nepali pilgrims. METHODS: We kept standardized records at the Himalayan Rescue Association (HRA) Temporary Health Camp at Gosainkund Lake (4380 m) in the Nepal Himalaya during the annual Janai Purnima Festival in 2014. Records included rate of ascent and Lake Louise Score (LLS). We defined High Altitude Headache (HAH) as headache alone or LLS = 2. Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) was LLS≥3...
March 9, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235962/critical-illness-associated-cerebral-microbleeds
#15
Evgenia M Fanou, Jonathan M Coutinho, Patrick Shannon, Tim-Rasmus Kiehl, Marcel M Levi, M Elizabeth Wilcox, Richard I Aviv, Daniel M Mandell
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebral microbleeds (petechial hemorrhages) are a well-known consequence of cerebral amyloid angiopathy and chronic hypertension among other causes. We report 12 patients with a clinically and radiologically distinct microbleed phenomenon in the cerebral white matter. METHODS: These patients were assessed at the University Health Network (Toronto, Canada) between 2004 and 2014. RESULTS: Median age was 40 years (range, 27-63 years), and 7 out of 12 patients were women...
April 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219092/-analysis-of-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-young-backcountry-skiers-in-the-gotthard-region
#16
Benedikt Andreas Gasser
Background and Objectives Although the frequency of cardiovascular events, especially the end manifestation of myocardial infarction, has decreased in recent years, cardiovascular disease continues to be one of the most frequent illnesses. Also it is known that the cardiac system sustains more stress at high altitudes than it does at intermediate altitudes. This leads to the question if young alpinists should undergo cardiac evaluation before setting out for a trip to the Himalayas or the Andes Mountains...
January 2017: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218771/travel-during-pregnancy-considerations-for-the-obstetric-provider
#17
REVIEW
Kathleen M Antony, Deborah Ehrenthal, Ann Evensen, J Igor Iruretagoyena
Importance: Travel among US citizens is becoming increasingly common, and travel during pregnancy is also speculated to be increasingly common. During pregnancy, the obstetric provider may be the first or only clinician approached with questions regarding travel. Objective: In this review, we discuss the reasons women travel during pregnancy, medical considerations for long-haul air travel, destination-specific medical complications, and precautions for pregnant women to take both before travel and while abroad...
February 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149514/acute-mountain-sickness-amongst-tourists-to-lhasa
#18
Gaurav Sikri, Srinivasa Bhattachar
Acute mountain sickness is the commonest acute high altitude illness occurring at high altitude. Its prevalence is dependent on the ascent rate, altitude achieved, physical effort required to reach the target altitude and pharmacological intervention undertaken by the tourists visiting high altitude areas. This Letter to the Editor is an endeavour to re-emphasise the importance of all these factors affecting the prevalence of acute mountain sickness.
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143879/acute-high-altitude-sickness
#19
REVIEW
Andrew M Luks, Erik R Swenson, Peter Bärtsch
At any point 1-5 days following ascent to altitudes ≥2500 m, individuals are at risk of developing one of three forms of acute altitude illness: acute mountain sickness, a syndrome of nonspecific symptoms including headache, lassitude, dizziness and nausea; high-altitude cerebral oedema, a potentially fatal illness characterised by ataxia, decreased consciousness and characteristic changes on magnetic resonance imaging; and high-altitude pulmonary oedema, a noncardiogenic form of pulmonary oedema resulting from excessive hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction which can be fatal if not recognised and treated promptly...
January 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061780/rhodiola-crenulata-extract-counteracts-the-effect-of-hypobaric-hypoxia-in-rat-heart-via-redirection-of-the-nitric-oxide-and-arginase-1-pathway
#20
Shih-Wei Hsu, Tsu-Chung Chang, Yu-Kuan Wu, Kuen-Tze Lin, Li-Shian Shi, Shih-Yu Lee
BACKGROUND: Rhodiola crenulata is traditionally used as a folk medicine in Tibet for preventing high-altitude illnesses, including sudden cardiac death (SCD). The cardio-protective effects of Rhodiola crenulata root extract (RCE) against hypoxia in vivo have been recently confirmed. However, the way in which RCE produces these effects remains unclear. The present study is designed to confirm the protective effects of RCE on the heart in acute hypobaric hypoxia exposure and examine the mechanisms by which this occurs...
January 7, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
keyword
keyword
26102
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"