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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208952/rare-site-of-parasitic-dermoid-cyst-at-uterovesical-fold-of-peritoneum-with-absent-one-sided-adnexa
#1
Sunita Dubey, Alka Sehgal, Puneeti Ballega, Rps Punia
Teratomas are the most common type of germ cell tumour. It can be congenital or acquired and are usually found in gonads (testes and ovaries). Parasitic dermoid cysts are rare and their actual incidence is unknown. We are reporting a case of 25-year-old gravida two, para one and one living child, who underwent emergency cesarean section in view of symptomatic placenta previa. A parasitic dermoid cyst was found incidently in front of uterus which was attached to uterovasical fold of bladder. This cyst did not show any connection to uterus or adnexa...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203396/a-rare-case-of-tuberculous-salpingitis
#2
REVIEW
Anatolii Romaniuk, Nataliya Gyryavenko, Mykola Lyndin, Sofiia Romaniuk, Miroslav Starkiv, Galina Slobodyan
The objective of this study was to give an overview of a rare case of tuberculosis of the left fallopian tube in postmenopausal women. It is known that the isolated tuberculous salpingitis without spreading to the endometrium is extremely rare case. In our case, it simulated a cancer of appendages at the late stages that were proved by the increased level of CA-125. This fact as well as the macroscopic image of the left fallopian tube was incorrectly considered by the clinicians as a malignant neoplasm of fallopian tube...
September 2016: Interventional Medicine & Applied Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195383/the-morphological-ultrasound-types-known-as-blob-and-bagel-signs-should-be-reclassified-from-probable-to-definite-ectopic-pregnancy
#3
Batool Nadim, Fernando Infante, Lu Chuan, Nalayini Sathasivam, George Condous
OBJECTIVES: In a recent consensus statement on early pregnancy nomenclature by Barnhart 2011, a definite ectopic pregnancy(EP) was defined morphologically on transvaginal ultrasound (TVS) as an extra-uterine gestational sac(GS) with yolk sac and/or embryo(with or without cardiac activity) whilst a probable EP defined as an inhomogeneous adnexal mass("blob" sign) or extra-uterine sac-like structure("bagel" sign). This study aims to determine whether the ultrasound markers used to define probable EP can be used to predict a definite tubal EP...
February 13, 2017: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194645/expression-of-a-novel-ciliary-protein-iiig9-during-the-differentiation-and-maturation-of-ependymal-cells
#4
M Cifuentes, V Baeza, P M Arrabal, R Visser, J M Grondona, N Saldivia, F Martínez, F Nualart, K Salazar
IIIG9 is the regulatory subunit 32 of protein phosphatase 1 (PPP1R32), a key phosphatase in the regulation of ciliary movement. IIIG9 localization is restricted to cilia in the trachea, fallopian tube, and testicle, suggesting its involvement in the polarization of ciliary epithelium. In the adult brain, IIIG9 mRNA has only been detected in ciliated ependymal cells that cover the ventricular walls. In this work, we prepared a polyclonal antibody against rat IIIG9 and used this antibody to show for the first time the ciliary localization of this protein in adult ependymal cells...
February 13, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28189118/case-report-of-ovary-and-fallopian-tube-as-content-of-a-spigelian-hernia-a-rare-entity
#5
Pralaya Khadka, Sunil K Sharma Dhakal
INTRODUCTION: Spigelian hernia is a rare entity, comprising 1-2% of all hernias. Various abdominopelvic viscera herniate through the defect in the Spigelian fascia and become incarcerated. Specifically in females, the ovary and/or the fallopian tube can herniate through this defect. This is the third reported case of such a hernia. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report here a young lady aged 30 years with right-sided ovarian Spigelian hernia. She presented with a painful lump in the right lower quadrant of abdomen for 2 weeks...
January 28, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187099/serous-tubal-intraepithelial-carcinoma-associated-with-extraovarian-metastases
#6
Stephanie Schneider, Sebastian Heikaus, Philipp Harter, Florian Heitz, Christoph Grimm, Beyhan Ataseven, Sonia Prader, Christian Kurzeder, Thomas Ebel, Alexander Traut, Andreas du Bois
OBJECTIVE: The evolving knowledge of ovarian carcinogenesis sets the stage for our understanding of high-grade serous pelvic carcinoma (HGSC). Findings in prophylactic surgery introduced serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC) as potential precursor of HGSC. The present study explores whether STIC instead should already be considered as an early stage of HGSC with a need for comprehensive staging and therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We identified all consecutive patients with HGSC who received first-line therapy in our referral center for gynecologic oncology from January 2011 to April 2016...
March 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184438/fallopian-tube-catheterization-in-the-treatment-of-proximal-tubal-obstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
P M De Silva, J J Chu, I D Gallos, A T Vidyasagar, L Robinson, A Coomarasamy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184293/recent-advances-in-understanding-diagnosing-and-treating-ovarian-cancer
#8
REVIEW
Kathryn Mills, Katherine Fuh
Ovarian cancer, a term that encompasses ovarian, fallopian, and peritoneal cancers, is the leading cause of gynecologic cancer mortality. To improve patient outcomes, the field is currently focused on defining the mechanisms of cancer formation and spread, early diagnosis and prevention, and developing novel therapeutic options. This review summarizes recent advances in these areas.
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182133/he4-serum-levels-in-patients-with-brca1-gene-mutation-undergoing-prophylactic-surgery-as-well-as-in-other-benign-and-malignant-gynecological-diseases
#9
Anita Chudecka-Głaz, Aneta Cymbaluk-Płoska, Aleksandra Strojna, Janusz Menkiszak
Objective. We assess the behavior of serum concentrations of HE4 marker in female carriers of BRCA1 and assess the diagnostic usefulness of HE4 in ovarian and endometrial cancer. Methods. A total of 619 women with BRCA1 gene mutation, ovarian, endometrial, metastatic, other gynecological cancers, or benign gynecological diseases were included. Intergroup comparative analyses were carried out, the BRCA1 gene carriers subgroup was subjected to detailed analysis, and ROC curves were determined for the assessment of diagnostic usefulness of HE4 in ovarian and endometrial cancer...
2017: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179200/laparoscopic-management-of-abdomininal-pregnancy
#10
Francesco Cosentino, Cristiano Rossitto, Luigi Carlo Turco, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Carmine Vascone, Lavinia Di Meglio, Giovanni Scambia, Mario Malzoni
CASE REPORT OBJECTIVE: To show the surgical management in laparoscopy of a particular localization of an extra-uterine pregnancy misunderstood until 12 week of EG complicated by hemoperitoneum and abortion. BACKGROUND: The prevalence of ectopic pregnancy among women who go to an emergency department with first trimester bleeding, pain, or both ranges from 1 to 16 percent [1]. The most common localization of ectopic pregnancy are the Fallopian tubes while abdominal pregnancy represent at least 1 percent of extra-uterine pregnancies...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177463/modified-profile-of-matrix-metalloproteinase-2-and-9-production-by-human-fallopian-tube-epithelial-cells-after-infection-in-vitro-with-neisseria-gonorrhoeae
#11
Paula I Rodas, Doris Pérez, Claudia Jauffret, Yaquelin González, Carolina Carreño, Cecilia V Tapia, Eduardo Osorio, Luis A Velasquez, Myron Christodoulides
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 8, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163853/bilateral-cryptorchidism-a-rare-presentation-for-persistent-m%C3%A3-llerian-duct-syndrome
#12
Abdullah Al-Faris, Mosleh Jabari, Mohammed Al-Sayed, Hassan Al-Shehri
Persistent Müllerian duct syndrome (PMDS) is a rare, sex-limited, autosomal recessive disorder representing male pseudo-hermaphroditism. It is observed in males with the presence of female reproductive organs such as the uterus, cervix, and bilateral fallopian tubes along with normally developed male reproductive organs. It generally occurs during embryogenesis due to mutation in anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) gene, i.e., AMH gene or AMH receptor (AMHR2) gene. The present case reports a male infant with inflammation in the right groin who was admitted to Security Forces Hospital in 2015...
December 2016: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156639/determining-priority-symptoms-of-women-with-recurrent-ovarian-cancers-a-gynecologic-oncology-group-study
#13
Lari B Wenzel, Sandra Ward, Susan M Sereika, Robert P Edwards, Michael Spring, Catherine M Bender, Richard T Penson, Teresa Hagan
: 101 Background: The purpose of this study is to recommend a core set of priority symptoms to be assessed in research and clinical settings for women with recurrent ovarian cancers. METHODS: We used baseline data of 497 women with recurrent ovarian, fallopian, or primary peritoneal cancer participating in a symptom management randomized clinical trial (GOG-0259) to identify a core index of patient-reported priority symptoms. We used the Symptom Representation Questionnaire to assess priority rankings of 28 symptoms based on four criteria: (1) symptom prevalence, (2) patient-reported symptom severity, (3) percentage of women identifying each symptom as one of top three symptoms "I would like to get better control over", and (4) the association between symptom severity and functional wellbeing as measured by the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Ovarian...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151551/comparison-of-assessment-methods-for-fallopian-tubal-patency-and-peritubal-adhesion-between-transvaginal-4-dimensional-hysterosalpingo-contrast-sonography-and-laparoscopic-chromopertubation
#14
Yanni He, Xiaohui Ma, Jingjiao Xu, Sushu Li, Haorong Wu, Qiuxiang Liu, Linghong Kong, Juan Luo, Hongmei Liu
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare transvaginal 4-dimensional hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography with laparoscopic chromopertubation and evaluate the former's clinical value in assessing fallopian tubal patency and peritubal adhesion. METHODS: Fifty-six patients visiting infertility clinics were included in the study and underwent surgery by their own choice in 1 month. In total, 112 fallopian tubes were assessed. Twenty-five were primarily infertile, and the rest were secondarily infertile...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150403/anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-limbic-encephalitis-associated-with-mature-cystic-teratoma-of-the-fallopian-tube
#15
Yukio Hattori, Yoriko Yamashita, Masayuki Mizuno, Kinue Katano, Mayumi Sugiura-Ogasawara, Noriyuki Matsukawa
Anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) limbic encephalitis is the most common form of paraneoplastic encephalitis that is associated with teratomas. Because tumor removal leads to better clinical outcomes, it is essential to reveal the location of the teratomas. This is the first reported case of anti-NMDAR encephalitis associated with teratoma of the fallopian tube. Salpingo-oophorectomy improved neurological symptoms and immunohistochemical examinations indicated the expression of NMDAR on neuroglial cells within the fallopian tube teratoma...
February 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150322/three-dimensional-hycosy-with-perfluoropropane-albumin-microspheres-as-contrast-agents-and-normal-saline-injections-into-the-pelvic-cavity-for-morphological-assessment-of-the-fallopian-tube-in-infertile-women
#16
Qingqing Hong, Renfei Cai, Qiuju Chen, Shaozhen Zhang, Ai Ai, Yonglun Fu, Yanping Kuang
OBJECTIVES: To apply the three-dimensional (3D) hysterosalpingo-contrast sonography (HyCoSy) with perfluoropropane-albumin microspheres as contrast agents and normal saline injections into the pelvic cavity for assessment of the tubal patency and adhesions of fimbrial parts. METHODS: Fifty-five infertile female patients were recruited to undergo 3D HyCoSy with normal saline injected into the pelvic cavity, in which the tubal patency was observed by visualizing the spillage of contrast agents from the fimbriae, and the fimbrial adhesion was confirmed by the finger-like projections of the fimbriae and their floating and moving status...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150312/transplant-with-a-twist-a-pitfall-in-sonographic-diagnosis-of-renal-transplant-torsion
#17
Evan Narasimhan, Anne Kennedy, Jeffrey Campsen
Torsion is an uncommon cause of impaired function in a renal transplant. We present a case of intraperitoneal transplant torsion secondary to adhesions to the left fallopian tube and ovary. Inability to confirm renal venous flow with Doppler misled to the erroneous sonographic diagnosis of renal vein thrombosis, although end diastolic flow was absent rather than reversed. The correct diagnosis was made with CT. The combination of abnormal orientation of the graft on ultrasonography, acutely impaired renal function, and abnormal Doppler study should have led to a diagnosis of transplant torsion...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146423/e2f-1-targets-mir-519d-to-regulate-the-expression-of-the-ras-homolog-gene-family-member-c
#18
Xiu-Bo Sang, Zhi-Hong Zong, Li-Li Wang, Dan-Dan Wu, Shuo Chen, Bo-Liang Liu, Yang Zhao
E2F1 (E2F transcription factor 1) can act as a tumor suppressor or oncogene. We report the molecular mechanism of E2F1 in ovarian carcinoma tumorigenesis and progression. E2F1 expression levels in ovarian carcinoma tissue were examined by immunohistochemistry. After E2F1 plasmid transfection and E2F1-microRNA-519d (miR-519d)/si-RhoC (Ras homolog gene family member C) co-transfection, ovarian cancer cell phenotypes and the related molecules were examined in vitro and in vivo. E2F1 was overexpressed in type I and type II ovarian carcinoma as compared to normal ovary tissues and normal fallopian tube tissues, respectively...
January 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142151/novel-amh-and-amhr2-mutations-in-two-egyptian-families-with-persistent-m%C3%A3-llerian-duct-syndrome
#19
Inas Mazen, Mona El-Gammal, Ken McElreavey, Aya Elaidy, Mohamed S Abdel-Hamid
Anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) is produced by Sertoli cells and signals through 2 transmembrane receptors (AMHR), specific types I and II, leading to regression of müllerian ducts during fetal male sex differentiation. Mutations in AMH and AMHR2 lead to the persistence of müllerian ducts in males which is transmitted in a recessive pattern. Here, we report 2 Egyptian DSD (disorder of sex development) patients reared as males who presented with bilateral cryptorchidism and otherwise normal male external genitalia and who both had a 46,XY karyotype...
February 1, 2017: Sexual Development: Genetics, Molecular Biology, Evolution, Endocrinology, Embryology, and Pathology of Sex Determination and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139868/challenges-in-interpreting-germline-mutations-in-bard1-and-atm-in-breast-and-ovarian-cancer-patients
#20
Kimberly DeLeonardis, Kristin Sedgwick, Olga Voznesensky, Ellen Matloff, Erin Hofstatter, Steven Balk, Nadine Tung
Next-generation sequencing promotes identification of mutations in non-BRCA1/2 genes in hereditary cancer families. The contribution of mutations in moderate penetrance genes to hereditary cancer risk is not well established. Here, we report a family with early onset breast and fallopian tube cancer that was identified as carrying germline mutations in BARD1 and ATM genes. Loss of heterozygosity studies suggest a causative role of the BARD1 mutation in the development of primary peritoneal cancer, but fail to confirm an association between germline ATM mutations and breast cancer development in this family...
January 31, 2017: Breast Journal
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