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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081019/adenofibroma-in-the-uterine-cervix-manifesting-as-multilocular-cystic-lesions
#1
Joon Chul Ra, Sung Bin Park, Jong Beum Lee, Byoung Hee Han, Young Ho Lee, Sung Ran Hong
Uterine cervical adenofibroma, a very rare benign neoplasm, has rarely been reported in imaging features in the English literature. Herein, we describe a case of uterine cervical adenofibroma that was depicted as a multilocular cystic lesion with enhanced solid portions.
January 9, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068594/prevention-of-spontaneous-preterm-birth-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-from-the-french-college-of-gynaecologists-and-obstetricians-cngof
#2
REVIEW
Loïc Sentilhes, Marie-Victoire Sénat, Pierre-Yves Ancel, Elie Azria, Guillaume Benoist, Julie Blanc, Gilles Brabant, Florence Bretelle, Stéphanie Brun, Muriel Doret, Chantal Ducroux-Schouwey, Anne Evrard, Gilles Kayem, Emeline Maisonneuve, Louis Marcellin, Stéphane Marret, Nicolas Mottet, Sabine Paysant, Didier Riethmuller, Patrick Rozenberg, Thomas Schmitz, Héloïse Torchin, Bruno Langer
In France, 60,000 neonates are born preterm every year (7.4%), half of them after the spontaneous onset of labor. Among preventable risk factors of spontaneous prematurity, only cessation of smoking is associated with decreased prematurity (level of evidence [LE]1). It is therefore recommended (Grade A). Routine screening and treatment of vaginal bacteriosis is not recommended in the general population (Grade A). The only population for which vaginal progesterone is recommended is that comprising asymptomatic women with singleton pregnancies, no history of preterm delivery, and a short cervix at 16-24 weeks of gestation (Grade B)...
December 30, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065695/perfusion-of-the-uterine-junctional-zone-in-nulliparous-and-primiparous-women-assessed-by-dce-mri-as-a-function-of-menstrual-cycle-and-hormonal-contraception
#3
L J Meylaerts, L Wijnen, M Bazot, M Grieten, W Ombelet, M Vandersteen
PURPOSE: To evaluate the perfusion parameters of inner and outer myometrium in healthy nulliparous and primiparous women who are and who are not currently using hormonal contraceptives by means of dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We performed pelvic 1.5T DCE-MRI on 98 women: 18 nulliparous non-users, 30 nulliparous users, 12 primiparous non-users and 38 primiparous users of hormonal contraception (mean age respectively 26...
January 6, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063264/preimplantation-3d-ultrasound-current-uses-and-challenges
#4
Sushila Arya, Sanja Kupesic Plavsic
The preimplantation ultrasound (US) refers to targeted imaging of the uterus and adnexa prior to assisted reproductive techniques (ART) to optimize the infertility treatment outcomes. After a thorough evidence based literature review, we propose the use of transvaginal three-dimensional (3D) US during the early follicular phase. A systematic approach for 3D US examination consists of a detailed examination of the uterine shape, size and contour, evaluation of the endometrial thickness, volume, pattern and vascularity, and assessment of the junctional zone regularity, echogenicity and thickness...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Perinatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057354/neuroendrocrine-tumors-of-the-uterine-cervix-a-therapeutic-challenge-for-gynecologic-oncologists
#5
REVIEW
Gadducci Angiolo, Carinelli Silvestro, Aletti Giovanni
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) are aggressive diseases developing from neuroendocrine cells that most frequently involve the gastro-entero-pancreatic tract and the lung, but more rarely are found in almost all body tissues. Limited biological and clinical data are currently available for NETs in uncommon sites, such as female genital tract. NETs represent 0.9% to 1.5% of the tumors of the uterine cervix. They are more likely to have lymph-vascular space invasion and lymph node involvement, and to develop local and distant relapses when compared with the mostly common cervical squamous cell carcinomas or adenocarcinomas...
January 2, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052083/pregnancy-outcomes-after-treatment-for-cervical-cancer-precursor-lesions-an-observational-study
#6
Sheila Weinmann, Allison Naleway, Geeta Swamy, Girishanthy Krishnarajah, Bhakti Arondekar, Jovelle Fernandez, Evan Myers
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether surgical procedures involving the uterine cervix were associated with pregnancy outcomes, including preterm birth, low birth weight, cesarean delivery and pregnancy loss. DESIGN: Population-based observational study nested in retrospective matched cohort. SETTING: Kaiser Permanente Northwest integrated health plan in Oregon/Washington, U.S.A. POPULATION: Female health plan members age 14-53 years with documented pregnancies from 1998-2009...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047249/su-f-t-351-establishing-a-workflow-for-imrt-pre-treatment-reviews-for-nrg-gy006-clinical-trial
#7
T Giaddui, N Li, K Curry, K Moore, L Mell, C Leath, C Kunos, Y Xiao
PURPOSE: To establish a workflow for NRG-GY006 IMRT pre-treatment reviews, incorporating advanced radiotherapy technologies being evaluated as part of the clinical trial. METHODS: Pre-Treatment reviews are required for every IMRT case as part of NRG-GY006 (a randomized phase II trial of radiation therapy and cisplatin alone or in combination with intravenous triapine in women with newly diagnosed bulky stage I B2, stage II, IIIB, or IVA cancer of the uterine cervix or stage II-IVA vaginal cancer...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046159/technical-note-a-new-surgical-technique-for-ovariohysterectomy-during-early-pregnancy-in-beef-heifers
#8
K J McLean, C R Dahlen, P P Borowicz, L P Reynolds, M R Crosswhite, B W Neville, S D Walden, J S Caton
We hypothesized that a standing flank ovariohysterectomy procedure could be developed in beef heifers that would provide high quality tissues for addressing critical questions during early pregnancy, while concomitantly keeping livestock stewardship a high priority. To test the hypothesis, we: 1) developed a standing flank ovariohysterectomy procedure for use in beef heifers, and 2) implemented this procedure in a cohort of heifers up to d 50 of pregnancy for tissue collections, documentation of post-surgical recovery, and assessment of feedlot finishing performance...
December 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035489/the-association-between-a-history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-future-risk-for-female-malignancies
#9
Oded Fuchs, Eyal Sheiner, Mihai Meirovitz, Ehud Davidson, Ruslan Sergienko, Roy Kessous
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether patients with a history of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have an increased future risk for female malignancies. STUDY DESIGN: A population-based study compared the incidence of long-term female malignancies (ovary, uterine, breast, and uterine cervix) in a cohort of women with and without a diagnosis of GDM. Deliveries occurred between the years 1988-2013, with a mean follow-up duration of 12 years. Women with known malignancies prior to the index pregnancy were excluded...
December 29, 2016: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029462/-prediction-of-preterm-delivery-in-symptomatic-women-preterm-labor
#10
G Benoist
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the predictors of spontaneous preterm birth in case of preterm labor. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Literature search in Medline and Cochrane databases and recommendations of international societies. Selection of studies in symptomatic women (with preterm labor). RESULTS: Preterm labor is defined as a clinical situation occurring between 22 and 36 weeks + 6 days, in which cervical changes are observed associated with uterine contractions, evolving spontaneously or not to preterm delivery (Professional consensus)...
October 28, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029461/-prevention-of-preterm-birth-by-uterine-cervical-cerclage
#11
L Marcellin
OBJECTIVE: To review the scientific literature on cervical insufficiency and indications of cervical cerclage cervix. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The PubMed database, the Cochrane Library and the recommendations from the French and international obstetrical societies between 1972 and June 2016 have been consulted. RESULTS: Cervical insufficiency is a pathophysiological concept and to date no consensual definition is available: the diagnosis is clinical and discussed retrospectively in case of patients with a history of late miscarriages and/or spontaneous preterm delivery, with asymptomatic dilatation of the cervix (professional consensus)...
October 29, 2016: Journal de Gynécologie, Obstétrique et Biologie de la Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009610/alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-of-the-female-genital-tract-a-morphologic-immunohistochemical-and-molecular-cytogenetic-study-of-10-cases-with-emphasis-on-its-distinction-from-morphologic-mimics
#12
J Kenneth Schoolmeester, Joseph Carlson, Gary L Keeney, Karen J Fritchie, Esther Oliva, Robert H Young, Marisa R Nucci
Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a morphologically distinctive neoplasm of unknown differentiation that bears a characteristic gene fusion involving ASPSCR1 and TFE3. ASPS can occur in the female genital tract, but is rare. Eleven cases with an initial diagnosis of ASPS at female genital tract sites were evaluated for their morphologic features and immunoprofile using a panel of antibodies (TFE3, HMB45, melan-A, smooth muscle actin, desmin, and h-Caldesmon). In addition, the presence of TFE3 rearrangement and subsequent ASPSCR1-TFE3 fusion were determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization...
December 22, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002209/value-of-specialist-pathology-review-in-a-single-statewide-gynecologic-cancer-service
#13
Jerome Melon, Yee Leung, Stuart G Salfinger, Jason Tan, Ganendra Mohan, Paul A Cohen
OBJECTIVE: A case review by specialist diagnostic pathologists as part of a Gynecologic Oncology Multi-disciplinary Tumor group has the potential to influence the management of patients with cancer. The primary aim of this study was to determine the frequency of diagnostic discrepancies between the initial (nonspecialist) and final pathological diagnoses in cases referred to the Gynecologic Oncology Tumor Conference (TC) in Western Australia and the impact of such revised diagnosis on clinical management...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981794/reproductive-tract-histology-in-south-american-fur-seal-pups-arctophoca-australis
#14
Helena Katz, Olle Johansson
In the present study, a detailed histological description of the female reproductive tract of South American fur seal (Arctophoca australis) pups has been conducted. The uterine tube was covered by cuboidal to columnar epithelium; nerve fibers were present in the mesosalpinx and beneath the muscular layer. The uterus was bipartitus; the endometrial surface of the horns was lined by a simple cuboidal or columnar epithelium with deep tubular glands; caudally ("the transition area"), the epithelium changed to pseudostratified columnar, few tubular glands were present and the myometrium increased in width...
December 16, 2016: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981257/assessing-the-efficacy-of-vaginal-hyoscine-butyl-bromide-on-cervical-ripening-prior-to-intrauterine-procedures-a-double-blinded-clinical-trial
#15
Shiva Hadadian, Masoumeh Fallahian
BACKGROUND: Unripe cervix prevents entering the endometrial cavity during intrauterine procedures. Mechanical dilatation of cervical canal might cause undesirable complications. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the substitute of mechanical intervention with chemical treatment by administering hyoscine to patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty non-pregnant women, 20-70 years of age, with a closed cervix who were scheduled for an intrauterine procedure, were randomly divided into two groups...
November 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936087/detection-of-placental-proteomes-at-different-uterine-positions-in-large-white-and-meishan-gilts-on-gestational-day-90
#16
Long Che, Mengmeng Xu, Zhenguo Yang, Shengyu Xu, Lianqiang Che, Yan Lin, Zhengfeng Fang, Bin Feng, Jian Li, Daiwen Chen, De Wu
Within-litter uniformity in pigs is a major factor affecting piglet survival and growth performance. We know that Meishan (MS) gilts have higher piglet survival rate than Large White (LW) gilts because their foetal weight is less varied. To understand the molecular basis for placental nutritional transport during the late stages of gestation in LW and MS, we employed the isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification (iTRAQ) method to investigate alterations in the placental proteomes of LW and MS gilts on gestational day 90...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928861/new-diagnostic-criteria-of-colposcopy-for-uterine-cervix-neoplasia
#17
Masamichi Kashimura, Yusuke Matsuura, Toshinori Kawagoe, Naoyuki Toki, Toru Hachisuga
AIM: The purpose of this study is to present alternative diagnostic criteria of colposcopy using new parameters. METHODS: Colposcopic photographs were reviewed in 1649 patients from the past 23 years, including 283 benign lesions, 327 low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (LSIL; cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1), 549 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions (HSIL; cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2/3), 78 microinvasive cancers, and 412 invasive cancers...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928435/a-debate-about-ultrasound-and-anatomic-aspects-of-the-cervix-in-spontaneous-preterm-birth
#18
REVIEW
Bohîlțea Re, Munteanu O, Turcan N, Baros A, Bodean O, Voicu D, Cîrstoiu Mm
Preterm birth is the legal first global cause of neonatal death. The cervix has two roles: it has to stay closed to allow the fetus to undergo a normal development during gestation, and at term, the cervix has to dilate under the pressure of uterine contractions to allow the delivery. The purpose of this article is to establish if the ultrasound measured length of the cervix and its appearance are predictive for the spontaneous preterm birth. Cervical insufficiency can be described by painless cervical dilatation leading to pregnancy losses/ births, with no other risk factors present...
October 2016: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920893/antibody-drug-conjugates-and-other-nanomedicines-the-frontier-of-gynaecological-cancer-treatment
#19
REVIEW
David Howard, Jetzabel Garcia-Parra, Gareth D Healey, Cynthia Amakiri, Lavinia Margarit, Lewis W Francis, Deyarina Gonzalez, R Steven Conlan
Gynaecological cancers: malignancies of the cervix, uterus, ovaries, vagina and vulva, are responsible for over 1.1 million new cancer cases and almost half a million deaths annually. Ovarian cancer in particular is difficult to treat due to often being diagnosed at a late stage, and the incidence of uterine and vulvar malignancies are both on the rise. The field of nanomedicine is beginning to introduce drugs into the clinic for oncological applications exemplified by the liposomal drugs, Doxil and Myocet, the nanoparticle, Abraxane and antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs), Kadcyla and Adcetris...
December 6, 2016: Interface Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920853/magnetic-resonance-imaging-of-adenoma-malignum-of-the-uterine-cervix-with-pathologic-correlation-a-case-report
#20
Alba Castán Senar, Blanca Paño, Adela Saco, Carlos Nicolau
Adenoma malignum (AM) is considered a rare subtype of cervical adenocarcinoma. Although previous reports have described magnetic resonance findings, none of these reports evaluated the utility of diffusion-weighted imaging in the differential diagnosis of AM and other multicystic cervical lesions. We present a case report of an AM that did not show restriction on the apparent diffusion coefficient map, which can be explained by the low cellularity of the tumor. This is consistent with the proper correlation between the diffusion imaging and histopathology of the tumor...
December 2016: Radiology case reports
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