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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227939/effects-of-coplanar-shielding-for-high-field-mri
#1
Joseph V Rispoli, Matthew D Wilcox, Samantha By, Steven M Wright, Mary P McDougall, Joseph V Rispoli, Matthew D Wilcox, Samantha By, Steven M Wright, Mary P McDougall, Matthew D Wilcox, Steven M Wright, Samantha By, Mary P McDougall, Joseph V Rispoli
This work investigates the efficacy of "coplanar shielding," in which copper shields are oriented concentric and coplanar to the RF coils rather than implemented as a full ground plane behind them. Following FDTD simulations to determine optimal shielding parameters, two coil geometries were constructed: a circular loop surface coil and a half-volume five-element receive array. Each was evaluated using bench measurements with and without coplanar shielding. Imaging, including accelerated SENSE imaging, was performed with the shielded and unshielded receive arrays on a whole-body 7T scanner...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225818/heat-induced-radiolabeling-and-click-chemistry-a-powerful-combination-for-generating-multifunctional-nanomaterials
#2
Hushan Yuan, Moses Q Wilks, Georges El Fakhri, Marc D Normandin, Charalambos Kaittanis, Lee Josephson
A key advantage of nanomaterials for biomedical applications is their ability to feature multiple small reporter groups (multimodality), or combinations of reporter groups and therapeutic agents (multifunctionality), while being targeted to cell surface receptors. Here a facile combination of techniques for the syntheses of multimodal, targeted nanoparticles (NPs) is presented, whereby heat-induced-radiolabeling (HIR) labels NPs with radiometals and so-called click chemistry is used to attach bioactive groups to the NP surface...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225607/reactivity-study-of-unsymmetrical-%C3%AE-diketiminato-copper-i-complexes-effect-of-the-chelating-ring
#3
Wan-Jung Chuang, Sung-Po Hsu, Kuldeep Chand, Fu-Lun Yu, Cheng-Long Tsai, Yu-Hsuan Tseng, Yuh-Hsiu Lu, Jen-Yu Kuo, James R Carey, Hsuan-Ying Chen, Hsing-Yin Chen, Michael Y Chiang, Sodio C N Hsu
β-Diketiminato copper(I) complexes play important roles in bioinspired catalytic chemistry and in applications to the materials industry. However, it has been observed that these complexes are very susceptible to disproportionation. Coordinating solvents or Lewis bases are typically used to prevent disproportionation and to block the coordination sites of the copper(I) center from further decomposition. Here, we incorporate this coordination protection directly into the molecule in order to increase the stability and reactivity of these complexes and to discover new copper(I) binding motifs...
February 22, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225279/cubr-catalyzed-aerobic-decarboxylative-cycloaddition-for-the-synthesis-of-indolizines-under-solvent-free-conditions
#4
Wenhui Wang, Junwen Han, Jinwei Sun, Yun Liu
An efficient synthesis of diversified indolizine derivatives were developed via CuBr-catalyzed reaction of pyridines, methyl ketones and alkenoic acids under solvent-free conditions in oxygen atmosphere. This synthesis involves cascade processes of copper-catalyzed bromination of the methyl ketone, 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of the pyridinium ylide with the alkenoic acid followed by oxidative decarboxylation and dehydrogenative aromatization of the primary cycloadduct. By this protocol, a wide range of indoliznes with different substitution patterns were selectively prepared in one pot from simple substrates in good to excellent yields...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225072/copper-treatment-during-storage-reduces-phytophthora-and-halophytophthora-infection-of-zostera-marina-seeds-used-for-restoration
#5
Laura L Govers, Els M van der Zee, Johan P Meffert, Patricia C J van Rijswick, Willem A Man In 't Veld, Jannes H T Heusinkveld, Tjisse van der Heide
Restoration is increasingly considered an essential tool to halt and reverse the rapid decline of vital coastal ecosystems dominated by habitat-forming foundation species such as seagrasses. However, two recently discovered pathogens of marine plants, Phytophthora gemini and Halophytophthora sp. Zostera, can seriously hamper restoration efforts by dramatically reducing seed germination. Here, we report on a novel method that strongly reduces Phytophthora and Halophytophthora infection of eelgrass (Zostera marina) seeds...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225041/pvn-blockade-of-p44-42-mapk-pathway-attenuates-salt-induced-hypertension-through-modulating-neurotransmitters-and-attenuating-oxidative-stress
#6
Hong-Li Gao, Xiao-Jing Yu, Kai-Li Liu, Xiao-Lian Shi, Jie Qi, Yan-Mei Chen, Yan Zhang, Juan Bai, Qiu-Yue Yi, Zhi-Peng Feng, Wen-Sheng Chen, Wei Cui, Jin-Jun Liu, Guo-Qing Zhu, Yu-Ming Kang
The imbalance of neurotransmitters and excessive oxidative stress responses contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension. In this study, we determined whether blockade of p44/42 MAPK pathway in the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) ameliorates the development of hypertension through modulating neurotransmitters and attenuating oxidative stress. Dahl salt-sensitive (S) rats received a high-salt diet (HS, 8% NaCl) or a normal-salt diet (NS, 0.3% NaCl) for 6 weeks and were treated with bilateral PVN infusion of PD-98059 (0...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224923/high-throughput-sequencing-reveals-modulation-of-micrornas-in-vigna-mungo-upon-mungbean-yellow-mosaic-india-virus-inoculation-highlighting-stress-regulation
#7
Anirban Kundu, Sujay Paul, Avishek Dey, Amita Pal
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are 20-24 nucleotides long non-coding RNAs known to play important regulatory roles during biotic and abiotic stresses by controlling gene expression. Blackgram (Vigna mungo), an economically important grain legume is highly susceptible to pathogenic begomovirus Mungbean Yellow Mosaic India Virus (MYMIV) and resulting in high yield loss. In this study two different leaf-small-RNA libraries were prepared from the pooled RNA at three different time points of resistant V. mungo inbred line VM84 inoculated either with viruliferous or non-viruliferous whiteflies carrying MYMIV and performed high-throughput Illumina sequencing...
April 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224791/copper-cu-catalyzed-tandem-o-arylation-oxidative-cross-coupling-synthesis-of-chromone-fused-pyrazoles
#8
Surisetti Suresh, Owk Obulesu, K Harish Babu, Jagadeesh Babu Nanubolu
Intermolecular tandem copper catalyzed O-arylation-oxidative acylation (cross dehydrogenative coupling-CDC) has been developed under air as an oxidant. The reaction between 2,4-dihydro-3H-pyrazol-3-ones and ortho-halo aryl carboxaldehydes furnished the corresponding chromone fused pyrazoles, in a straightforward manner. The synthetic utility of the presented tandem catalysis has been demonstrated with the synthesis of an A2-subtype selective adenosine receptor antagonist in only two steps.
February 22, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224472/effects-of-weight-reduction-after-sleeve-gastrectomy-on-metabolic-variables-in-saudi-obese-subjects-in-aseer-province-of-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#9
Mohammed A Bawahab, Abdullah S Assiri, Walid Abdel Maksoud, Ayyub Patel, Osama Kadoumi, Gaffar Sarwar Zaman, Riyad Mohammed Khalil Alessih, Syed Saleem Haider
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to investigate the occurrence of oxidative stress, status of protective antioxidants enzymes, inflammatory biomarkers, and some metabolic health variables in the blood and to compare the results between those of the normal controls and obese patients submitted to sleeve gastrectomy-induced weight loss over a 1-year follow-up period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in Aseer Central Hospital and Abha Private Hospital in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from January 2012 to January 2013 on 50 normal (BMI = 22-25 kg/m(2)) control subjects and 50 obese (BMI = 45-50 kg/m(2)) patients...
February 21, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224255/thiol-oxidase-ability-of-copper-ion-is-specifically-retained-upon-chelation-by-aldose-reductase
#10
Francesco Balestri, Roberta Moschini, Mario Cappiello, Umberto Mura, Antonella Del-Corso
Bovine lens aldose reductase is susceptible to a copper-mediated oxidation, leading to the generation of a disulfide bridge with the concomitant incorporation of two equivalents of the metal and inactivation of the enzyme. The metal complexed by the protein remains redox active, being able to catalyse the oxidation of different physiological thiol compounds. The thiol oxidase activity displayed by the enzymatic form carrying one equivalent of copper ion (Cu1-AR) has been characterized. The efficacy of Cu1-AR in catalysing thiol oxidation is essentially comparable to the free copper in terms of both thiol concentration and pH effect...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224177/joint-toxicity-of-arsenic-copper-and-glyphosate-on-behavior-reproduction-and-heat-shock-protein-response-in-caenorhabditis-elegans
#11
Yunbiao Wang, Anastasia N Ezemaduka, Zhuheng Li, Zhanyan Chen, Chuantao Song
The soil nematode Caenorhabditis elegans was used in 24-h acute exposures to arsenic (As), copper (Cu) and glyphosate (GPS) and to mixtures of As/Cu and As/GPS to investigate the effects of mixture exposures in the worms. A synergistic type of interaction was observed for acute toxicity with the As/Cu and As/GPS mixtures. Sublethal 24-h exposures of 1/1000, 1/100 and 1/10 of the LC50 concentrations for As, Cu and GPS individually and for As/Cu and As/GPS mixtures were conducted to observe responses in locomotory behavior (head thrashing), reproduction, and heat shock protein expression...
February 21, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222184/ecological-and-human-health-risks-associated-with-abandoned-gold-mine-tailings-contaminated-soil
#12
Veronica Mpode Ngole-Jeme, Peter Fantke
Gold mining is a major source of metal and metalloid emissions into the environment. Studies were carried out in Krugersdorp, South Africa, to evaluate the ecological and human health risks associated with exposure to metals and metalloids in mine tailings contaminated soils. Concentrations of arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), chromium (Cr), cobalt (Co), copper (Cu), lead (Pb), manganese (Mn), nickel (Ni), and zinc (Zn) in soil samples from the area varied with the highest contamination factors (expressed as ratio of metal or metalloid concentration in the tailings contaminated soil to that of the control site) observed for As (3...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221850/effectiveness-of-neutral-electrolyzed-water-on-incidence-of-fungal-rot-on-tomato-fruits-solanum-lycopersicum-l
#13
Alfonso Vásquez-López, Tania Villarreal-Barajas, Gerardo Rodríguez-Ortiz
We assessed the effect of neutral electrolyzed water (NEW) on the incidence of rot on tomato ( Solanum lycopersicum L.) fruits inoculated with Fusarium oxysporum , Galactomyces geotrichum , and Alternaria sp. at sites with lesions. The inoculated fruits were treated with NEW at 10, 30, and 60 mg liter(-1) active chlorine, with copper oxychloride fungicide, and with sterile distilled water (control) for 3, 5, and 10 min. In the experiment with F. oxysporum , 50 to 80% of the control fruits and 50 to 60% of the fruits treated with the fungicide exhibited symptoms of rot at the inoculated sites...
October 2016: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221807/mechanostereoselective-one-pot-synthesis-of-functionalized-head-to-head-cyclodextrin-3-rotaxanes-and-their-application-as-magnetic-resonance-imaging-contrast-agents
#14
Jean Wilfried Fredy, Jérémy Scelle, Gregory Ramniceanu, Bich-Thuy Doan, Célia S Bonnet, Éva Tóth, Mickaël Ménand, Matthieu Sollogoub, Guillaume Vives, Bernold Hasenknopf
A versatile, five-component, one-pot synthesis of cyclodextrin (CD) [3]rotaxanes using copper-catalyzed azide-alkyne cycloaddition has been developed. Head-to-head [3]rotaxanes of α-CD selectively functionalized by one or two gadolinium 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triacetic acid monoamide complexes were obtained mechanostereoselectively. The magnetic resonance imaging efficiency, expressed by the longitudinal proton relaxivity of the rotaxanes, was significantly improved as compared to the functionalized CD...
February 21, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221795/strongly-phosphorescent-transition-metal-%C3%AF-complexes-of-boron-boron-triple-bonds
#15
Holger Braunschweig, Theresa Dellermann, Rian D Dewhurst, Benjamin Hupp, Thomas Kramer, James D Mattock, Jan Mies, Ashwini K Phukan, Andreas Steffen, Alfredo Vargas
Herein are reported the first complexes of compounds with boron-boron triple bonds to transition metals, in this case CuI. Three different compounds were isolated that differ in the number of copper atoms bound to the BB unit. Metallation of the B-B triple bonds causes lengthening of the B-B and B-CNHC bonds, as well as large upfield shifts of the 11B NMR signals, suggesting greater orbital interactions between the boron and transition metal atoms than those observed with recently published diboryne / alkali metal cation complexes...
February 21, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221360/why-copper-is-preferred-over-iron-for-oxygen-activation-and-reduction-in-haem-copper-oxidases
#16
Ambika Bhagi-Damodaran, Matthew A Michael, Qianhong Zhu, Julian Reed, Braddock A Sandoval, Evan N Mirts, Saumen Chakraborty, Pierre Moënne-Loccoz, Yong Zhang, Yi Lu
Haem-copper oxidase (HCO) catalyses the natural reduction of oxygen to water using a haem-copper centre. Despite decades of research on HCOs, the role of non-haem metal and the reason for nature's choice of copper over other metals such as iron remains unclear. Here, we use a biosynthetic model of HCO in myoglobin that selectively binds different non-haem metals to demonstrate 30-fold and 11-fold enhancements in the oxidase activity of Cu- and Fe-bound HCO mimics, respectively, as compared with Zn-bound mimics...
March 2017: Nature Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220760/focused-electron-beam-induced-deposition-of-copper-with-high-resolution-and-purity-from-aqueous-solutions
#17
Samaneh Esfandiarpour, Lindsay Boehme, J Todd Hastings
Electron-beam induced deposition of high-purity copper nanostructures is desirable for nanoscale rapid prototyping, interconnection of chemically synthesized structures, and integrated circuit editing. However, metalorganic, gas-phase precursors for copper introduce high levels of carbon contamination. Here we demonstrate electron beam induced deposition of high-purity copper nanostructures from aqueous solutions of copper sulfate. The addition of sulfuric acid eliminates oxygen contamination from the deposit and produces a deposit with ∼95 at% copper...
February 21, 2017: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220698/copper-catalyzed-selenylation-of-imidazo-1-2-a-pyridines-with-selenium-powder-via-a-radical-pathway
#18
Pengfei Sun, Min Jiang, Wei Wei, Yuanyuan Min, Wen Zhang, Wanhui Li, Daoshan Yang, Hua Wang
A novel and efficient method for the synthesis of nitrogen heterocycle-fused benzo[b]selenophene and imidazo[1,2-a]pyridines has been initially developed through copper-catalyzed direct selenylation of 2-(2-bromophenyl)imidazo[1,2-a]pyridines via regioselective cleavage of C(sp2)-Br and C(sp2)-H bonds using readily available selenium powder as the selenylating reagents under ligand- and base-free conditions in air. Preliminary mechanistic investigations indicated that radical species were involved. The inexpensive and convenient copper-catalyzed approach provides a convenient and useful strategy for one-pot constructing biologically and optically interesting heterocycles containing benzo[b]selenophene and imidazo[1,2-a]pyridine motifs...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220689/copper-nanocluster-enhanced-luminol-chemiluminescence-for-high-selectivity-sensing-of-tryptophan-and-phenylalanine
#19
Yasaman-Sadat Borghei, Morteza Hosseini, Mehdi Khoobi, Mohammad Reza Ganjali
A remarkable method for the highly sensitive detection of phenylalanine and tryptophan based on a chemiluminescence (CL) assay was reported. It was found that fluorescent copper nanoclusters capped with cysteine (Cys-CuNCs) strongly enhance the weak CL signal resulting from the reaction between luminol and H2 O2 . Of the amino acids tested, phenylalanine and tryptophan could enhance the above CL system sensitively. Under optimum conditions, this method was satisfactorily described by a linear calibration curve over a range of 1...
February 21, 2017: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220332/increased-mercury-emissions-from-modern-dental-amalgams
#20
Ulf G Bengtsson, Lars D Hylander
All types of dental amalgams contain mercury, which partly is emitted as mercury vapor. All types of dental amalgams corrode after being placed in the oral cavity. Modern high copper amalgams exhibit two new traits of increased instability. Firstly, when subjected to wear/polishing, droplets rich in mercury are formed on the surface, showing that mercury is not being strongly bonded to the base or alloy metals. Secondly, high copper amalgams emit substantially larger amounts of mercury vapor than the low copper amalgams used before the 1970s...
February 20, 2017: Biometals: An International Journal on the Role of Metal Ions in Biology, Biochemistry, and Medicine
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