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Wiyada Dankai, Monsicha Pongpom, Nongnuch Vanittanakom
The pathogenic dimorphic fungus Talaromyces marneffei is known to cause a fatal systemic mycosis in immunocompromised patients, especially in HIV patients in Southeast Asia. The basic leucine-zipper (bZip) transcription factor gene, yapA, has been identified in T. marneffei. A prior study described that yapA was involved in the oxidative and nitrosative stress response in T. marneffei. Interestingly, an essential role of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Yap1p in the oxidative stress response is the activation of the transcription of its target genes...
December 8, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
Jaroslav Nunvar, Vaclav Capek, Karel Fiser, Libor Fila, Pavel Drevinek
Burkholderia cenocepacia causes severe pulmonary infections in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. Since the bacterium is virtually untreatable by antibiotics, chronic infections persist for years and might develop into fatal septic pneumonia (cepacia syndrome, CS). To devise new strategies to combat chronic B. cenocepacia infections, it is essential to obtain comprehensive knowledge about their pathogenesis. We conducted a comparative genomic analysis of 32 Czech isolates of epidemic clone B. cenocepacia ST32 isolated from various stages of chronic infection in 8 CF patients...
December 11, 2017: PLoS Pathogens
Yinlong Xiao, Martina G Vijver, Willie J G M Peijnenburg
A full-factorial test design was applied to systematically investigate the contribution and significance of water chemistry parameters (pH, divalent cations and dissolved organic carbon (DOC) concentration) and their interactions on the behavior and fate of copper nanoparticles (CuNPs). The total amount of Cu remaining in the water column after 48 h of incubation was mostly influenced by divalent cation content, DOC concentration and the interaction of divalent cations and DOC. DOC concentration was the predominant factor influencing the dissolution of CuNPs, which was far more important than the effect of pH in the range from 6 to 9 on the dissolution of the CuNPs...
December 8, 2017: Environmental Pollution
J M Méndez-Arriaga, I Oyarzabal, G Escolano, A Rodríguez-Diéguez, M Sánchez-Moreno, J M Salas
Two triazolopyrimidine complexes have been obtained from reaction between 7-amino-1,2,4-triazolo[1,5-a]pyrimidine (7atp) and Cu (II) salts. Crystal structures of [Cu2(μ-7atp)4Cl2]Cl2·4H2O (1) and [Cu2(μ-7atp)4(H2O)2](NO3)4·H2O (2) have been studied by X-ray diffraction methods and characterized by spectroscopic and thermal analysis. Magnetic studies of these dinuclear complexes have revealed the existence of moderate antiferromagnetic interactions between the copper ions, with J values of -91.2 and -96...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Zhu Li, Longhua Wu, Yongming Luo, Peter Christie
Phytoextraction is one of the most promising technologies for the decontamination of metal-polluted agricultural soils. Effects of repeated phytoextraction by the cadmium (Cd)/zinc (Zn) hyperaccumulator Sedum plumbizincicola on metal (Cd, Zn, copper (Cu) and lead (Pb)) mobility were investigated in three contaminated soils with contrasting properties. EDTA kinetic extraction and the two first-order reactions model showed advantages in the assessment of soil metal mobility and clearly discriminated changes in metal fractions induced by phytoextraction...
December 5, 2017: Chemosphere
Xian-Sui Peng, Si-Yu Chen, Li-Juan Ou, Feng-Wu Luo, Si-Wen Qin, Ai-Ming Sun
Novel highly fluorescent copper nanoclusters (CuNCs) were prepared by using 24 adenine-thymine pair dsDNA (AT24) with six-base (X6) loops (AT24-X6-hairpin DNA) as an effective template. The AT24 double strand stem serves as a template for CuNC formation, and the six-base sequence loop acts as specific regions to enhance the fluorescence intensity of CuNCs. Relative to the AT24-CuNCs, AT24-X6-hairpin CuNCs have greater fluorescence (5 times enhancement). What's more, the influence of the hairpin loop with different base types and base numbers on the fluorescence of CuNCs was first proposed and investigated...
December 11, 2017: Analyst
Lucía Álvarez-Miguel, Héctor Barbero, Adriana Sacristán-Martín, José M Martín Álvarez, Alfonso Pérez-Encabo, Celedonio M Álvarez, Raúl García-Rodríguez, Daniel Miguel
CuCl2·2H2O and Cu(ClO4)2·6H2O are able to promote aldol addition of pyridine-2-carboxaldehyde (pyca) with acetone, acetophenone, or cyclohexenone under neutral and mild conditions. The general and simple one-pot procedure for the aldol addition to Cu(II) complexes accesses novel Cu complexes with a large variety of different structural motifs, from which the aldol-addition ligand can be liberated by treatment with NH3. Neutral heteroleptic complexes in which the ligand acts as bidentate, or homoleptic cationic complexes in which the ligand acts as tridentate can be obtained depending on the copper salt used...
December 11, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Nikita Mittal, Merve S Özer, Michael Schmittel
A three-component supramolecular walker system is presented where a two-footed ligand (biped) walks back and forth on a tetrahedral 3D track upon the addition and removal of copper(I) ions, respectively. The addition of N-methylpyrrolidine as a catalyst to the walker system generates a four-component catalytic machinery, which acts as a three-state switchable catalytic ensemble in the presence of substrates for a conjugate addition. The copper(I)-ion-initiated walking process of the biped ligand on the track regulates the catalytic activity in three steps: ON versus intON (intermediate ON) versus OFF...
December 11, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Anders Hagfeldt, Parnian Ferdowsi, Yasemin Saygili, Weiwei Zhang, Tomas Edvinsson, Ladislav Kavan, Javad Mokhtari, Shaik M Zakeeruddin, Michael Grätzel
We designed, synthesized and characterized a novel metal-free organic sensitizer, suitable for the application in dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), both experimentally and theoretically. The structure of the novel donor-acceptor-π-bridge-acceptor (D-A-π-A) dye has triphenylamine (TPA) segment and 4-(Benzo[c][1,2,5] thiadiazol-4-ylethynyl) benzoic acid (BTEBA). The triphenylamine unit is widely used as electron donor for the photosensitizers due to its outstanding characteristics, i.e. the non-planar molecular configuration and excellent electron donating capability while 4-(Benzo[c][1,2,5] thiadiazol-4-ylethynyl) benzoic acid is used as electron acceptor unit...
December 11, 2017: ChemSusChem
Pedro J Pérez, Javier Carreras, Ana Caballero
A novel, highly enantio- and diastereoselective synthesis of 1-boryl-2,3-disubstituted cyclopropanes has been developed by means of the cyclopropanation of alkenylboronates with ethyl diazoacetate in the presence of catalytic amounts of a chiral copper-(I) complex. The products can also be directly accessed from alkynes through an operationally simple sequential hydroboration-cyclopropanation protocol. The resulting enantioenriched 1-boryl-2,3-disubstituted-cyclopropanes are versatile synthetic intermediates through further transformations at the carbon-boron bonds...
December 11, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
Songhao Wu, Gaoliang Fu, Weiqiang Lv, Jiake Wei, Wenjin Chen, Huqiang Yi, Meng Gu, Xuedong Bai, Liang Zhu, Chao Tan, Yachun Liang, Gaolong Zhu, Jiarui He, Xinqiang Wang, Kelvin H L Zhang, Jie Xiong, Weidong He
As anodes of Li-ion batteries, copper oxides (CuO) have a high theoretical specific capacity (674 mA h g-1 ) but own poor cyclic stability owing to the large volume expansion and low conductivity in charges/discharges. Incorporating reduced graphene oxide (rGO) into CuO anodes with conventional methods fails to build robust interaction between rGO and CuO to efficiently improve the overall anode performance. Here, Cu2 O/CuO/reduced graphene oxides (Cu2 O/CuO/rGO) with a 3D hierarchical nanostructure are synthesized with a facile, single-step hydrothermal method...
December 11, 2017: Small
Sofia Abassi, Hui Wang, Bum Soo Park, Jong-Woo Park, Jang-Seu Ki
The marine dinoflagellate Cochlodinium polykrikoides is one of the most common ichthyotoxic species that causes harmful algal blooms (HABs), which leads to ecological damage and huge economic loss in aquaculture industries. Cyclophilins (CYPs) belong to the immunophilin superfamily, and they may play a role in the survival mechanisms of the dinoflagellate in stress environments. In the present study, we identified a novel cyclophilin gene from C. polykrikoides and examined physiological and gene transcriptional responses to biocides copper sulphate (CuSO4) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl)...
2017: BioMed Research International
Lei Wang, Guoyuan Li, Ling Ren, Xiangdong Kong, Yugang Wang, Xiuguo Han, Wenbo Jiang, Kerong Dai, Ke Yang, Yongqiang Hao
Treatment for fractures requires internal fixation devices, which are mainly produced from stainless steel or titanium alloy without biological functions. Therefore, we developed a novel nano-copper-bearing stainless steel with nano-sized copper-precipitation (317L-Cu SS). Based on previous studies, this work explores the effect of 317L-Cu SS on fracture healing; that is, proliferation, osteogenic differentiation, osteogenesis-related gene expression, and lysyl oxidase activity of human bone mesenchymal stem cells were detected in vitro...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
James B Marro, Chukwudi A Okoro, Yaw S Obeng, Kathleen C Richardson
Organic additives are typically used in the pulse electrodeposition of copper (Cu) to prevent void formation during the filling of high aspect ratio features. In this work, the role of bath chemistry as modified by organic additives was investigated for its effects on Cu trench microstructure. Polyethylene glycol (PEG), bis(3-sulfopropyl) disulfide (SPS), and Janus green b (JGB) concentrations were varied in the Cu electrodeposition bath. Results indicated a correlation between the JGB/SPS ratio and the surface roughness and residual stresses in the Cu...
2017: Journal of the Electrochemical Society
Anastasiia V Shabalina, Valery A Svetlichnyi, Ksenia A Ryzhinskaya, Ivan N Lapin
A carbon screen-printed electrode was modified with copper nanoparticles from their dispersion obtained via pulsed laser ablation of a copper target in ethanol. The modified electrode exhibited activity in ascorbic acid electrochemical oxidation, giving an anodic current peak on voltammograms. Linear sweep and cyclic voltammetry have shown a linear dependence of the signal (both peak height and peak area) on the ascorbic acid concentration. The linear range from 1 to 250 μM of ascorbic acid was studied, and the detection limit was experimentally found to be 0...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
WenJing Deng, Chang Liu, YanLei Hu, RuQin Yu, TingTing Chen, Xia Chu
A novel biosensor for sensitively detecting potassium ion (K+) has been developed based on fluorescent copper nanoparticles (Cu NPs). In our design, we employ a label-free single-strand DNA (ssDNA) that contains two parts. One is 3'-terminus structure-switching aptamers (SSAs) that can fold into G-quadruplex after binding with its target K+. The other is 5'-terminus poly thymine (polyT) which works as a template to construct fluorescent Cu NPs. After incubating with K+, the part SSAs go through target-induced conformational changes...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Ying Zheng, Xiao Wang, Lan Xu
A label-free fluorescent probe based on autofluorescent hyperbranched poly(amide amine) (HPAMAM) for copper ions was designed. HPAMAM is a cationic polymer containing many amino groups, which could bind Cu2+ ions to form cupric amine complexes, leading to a selective quenching of the fluorescence intensity of HPAMAM via inner filter effect. The fluorescence intensity of HPAMAM decreased with increasing concentration of Cu2+ ions and the linear response ranged from 0.05 to 25 μM (R2 = 0.995), with the corresponding detection limit (3σ/k) of 17...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
Nora Hellou, Aurélie Macé, Clothilde Martin, Vincent Dorcet, Thierry Roisnel, Marion Jean, Nicolas Vanthuyne, Fabienne Berrée, Bertrand Carboni, Jeanne Crassous
Enantiopure carbo[6]helicenyl boronates were synthesized using a photocyclisation reaction as the key step. These compounds were further converted to various amino derivatives using copper-catalyzed azidation or amination and reductive alkylation of benzylazide by a helicenyl dichloroborane. Asymmetric Petasis condensation with glyoxylic acid and morpholine controlled by the helical chirality afforded the corresponding amino esters.
December 11, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Christoph Kurt Tanne, Axel Schippers
Biohydrometallurgy comprises the recovery of metals by biologically catalyzed metal dissolution from solids in an aqueous solution. The application of this kind of bioprocessing is described as "biomining," referring to either bioleaching or biooxidation of sulfide metal ores. Acidophilic iron- and sulfur-oxidizing microorganisms are the key to successful biomining. However, minerals such as primary copper sulfides are recalcitrant to dissolution, which is probably due to their semiconductivity or passivation effects, resulting in low reaction rates...
December 10, 2017: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
Paromita Chakraborty, Sakthivel Selvaraj, Masafumi Nakamura, Balasubramanian Prithiviraj, Alessandra Cincinelli, John J Bang
Growth of informal electronic waste (e-waste) recycling sector is an emerging problem for India. The presence of halogenated compounds in e-wastes may result in the formation of persistent organic pollutants like polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) during recycling processes. We therefore investigated PCBs and PCDD/Fs in surface soils explicitly from the informal e-waste recycling sites and nearby open dumpsites of major metropolitan cities from four corners of India, viz...
December 6, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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