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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335535/enterovirus-71-neutralizing-antibodies-seroepidemiological-research-among-children-in-guangzhou-china-between-2014-and-2015-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Dingmei Zhang, Yan Chen, Xiashi Chen, Zhenjian He, Xun Zhu, Yuantao Hao
A hand-foot-mouth disease outbreak occurred in 2014 around Guangdong. The purpose of this study was investigating the status and susceptibility of infectious neutralizing antibodies to enterovirus 71 among children so as to provide scientific evidence for the population immunity level of hand-foot-mouth disease and prepare for enterovirus 71 vaccination implementation. Serum specimens were collected from children in communities from January 2014 to March 2015 in Guangzhou. A total of 197 serum samples from children 1-5 years old were collected for this cross-sectional study via non-probabilistic sampling from the database of Chinese National Science and Technique Major Project...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335490/monitoring-of-selected-health-indicators-in-children-living-in-a-copper-mine-development-area-in-northwestern-zambia
#2
Astrid M Knoblauch, Mark J Divall, Milka Owuor, Colleen Archer, Kennedy Nduna, Harrison Ng'uni, Gertrude Musunka, Anna Pascall, Jürg Utzinger, Mirko S Winkler
The epidemiology of malaria, anaemia and malnutrition in children is potentially altered in mining development areas. In a copper extraction project in northwestern Zambia, a health impact assessment (HIA) was commissioned to predict, manage and monitor health impacts. Two cross-sectional surveys were conducted: at baseline prior to project development (2011) and at four years into development (2015). Prevalence of Plasmodium falciparum, anaemia and stunting were assessed in under-five-year-old children, while hookworm infection was assessed in children aged 9-14 years in communities impacted and comparison communities not impacted by the project...
March 19, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335441/dietary-intake-of-individual-free-and-intrinsic-sugars-and-food-sources-in-the-spanish-population-findings-from-the-anibes-study
#3
Emma Ruiz, Paula Rodriguez, Teresa Valero, José M Ávila, Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Marcela González-Gross, Rosa M Ortega, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
The consumption of total and individual sugars is controversial and little is known about consumption and dietary sources in Spain. The purpose was to examine free and intrinsic sugar intake and food and beverage sources. The ANIBES Study (Anthropometry, Intake and Energy Balance in Spain), a cross-sectional study of a representative sample of the Spanish population (9-75 years old; n = 2009) carried out in 2013, was used. Food and beverage records were obtained by a three-day dietary record by using a tablet device...
March 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334999/rewiring-the-primary-somatosensory-cortex-in-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-with-acupuncture
#4
Yumi Maeda, Hyungjun Kim, Norman Kettner, Jieun Kim, Stephen Cina, Cristina Malatesta, Jessica Gerber, Claire McManus, Rebecca Ong-Sutherland, Pia Mezzacappa, Alexandra Libby, Ishtiaq Mawla, Leslie R Morse, Ted J Kaptchuk, Joseph Audette, Vitaly Napadow
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common entrapment neuropathy, affecting the median nerve at the wrist. Acupuncture is a minimally-invasive and conservative therapeutic option, and while rooted in a complex practice ritual, acupuncture overlaps significantly with many conventional peripherally-focused neuromodulatory therapies. However, the neurophysiological mechanisms by which acupuncture impacts accepted subjective/psychological and objective/physiological outcomes are not well understood. Eligible patients (n = 80, 65 female, age: 49...
March 2, 2017: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334942/epidemiological-analysis-of-childhood-cancer-in-japan-based-on-population-based-cancer-registries-1993-2009
#5
Hiroyuki Ishihara, Yuko Ohno, Makoto Fujii, Junichi Hara, Midori Soda
Background: There are few recent data on trends in childhood cancer incidence using population-based cancer registries in Japan. Methods: This study comprised 6110 reported cases of patients aged 0-14 years who were diagnosed as having primary cancer between 1993 and 2009. We chose cancer registries of seven prefectures, according to the international cancer registry standard of fewer than 10% death certificate only cases among cancer registries in Japan. We analyzed population-based cancer registration data in the seven prefectures between 1993 and 2009...
March 17, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334798/risk-factors-for-postoperative-delirium-in-patients-undergoing-major-head-and-neck-cancer-surgery-a-meta-analysis
#6
Yun Zhu, Gangpu Wang, Shengwen Liu, Shanghui Zhou, Ying Lian, Chenping Zhang, Wenjun Yang
Objective: Postoperative delirium is common after extensive surgery. This study aimed to collate and synthesize published literature on risk factors for delirium in patients with head and neck cancer surgery. Methods: Three databases were searched (MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Library) between January 1987 and July 2016. The Newcastle Ottawa Scale (NOS) was adopted to evaluate the study quality. Pooled odds ratios or mean differences for individual risk factors were estimated using the Mantel-Haenszel and inverse-variance methods...
February 24, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334753/alcohol-screening-among-young-people-a-prospective-study-from-the-swiss-sentinel-surveillance-system-sentinella-of-physicians-a-priori-opinions
#7
Coralie Wenger-Bonny, Adjua Alexandra N'goran, Jérôme Pasquier, Charles Dvorak, Dagmar M Haller, Lilli Herzig
Background.: Systematic screening for excessive alcohol use among young people is recommended but rarely implemented. Family practitioners tend to select patients for screening, based on their preliminary subjective opinions, which may be biased. Objective.: To evaluate the ability of family practitioners to identify excessive alcohol use among young people prior to screening them. Methods.: This prospective study was conducted through Sentinella, an epidemiological network involving 150 family practitioners across Switzerland...
February 22, 2017: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334504/redd1-deficiency-impairs-autophagy-and-mitochondrial-biogenesis-in-articular-cartilage-and-increases-the-severity-of-experimental-osteoarthritis
#8
Oscar Alvarez-Garcia, Tokio Matsuzaki, Merissa Olmer, Lars Plate, Jeffery W Kelly, Martin K Lotz
Objective REDD1 is an endogenous inhibitor of mTOR that regulates cellular stress responses. REDD1 expression is decreased in aged and osteoarthritis (OA) cartilage and it regulates mTOR signaling and autophagy in articular chondrocytes in vitro. The present study investigated the effects of REDD1 deletion in vivo using a mouse model of experimental OA. Methods Severity of OA was histologically assessed in 4-month-old wild-type and in Redd1(-/-) mice subjected to surgical destabilization of the medial meniscus (DMM)...
March 23, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334456/a-systematic-review-of-combined-student-and-parent-based-programs-to-prevent-alcohol-and-other-drug-use-among-adolescents
#9
REVIEW
Nicola C Newton, Katrina E Champion, Tim Slade, Cath Chapman, Lexine Stapinski, Ina Koning, Zoe Tonks, Maree Teesson
ISSUES: Alcohol and other drug use among adolescents is a serious concern, and effective prevention is critical. Research indicates that expanding school-based prevention programs to include parenting components could increase prevention outcomes. This paper aims to identify and describe existing combined student- and parent-based programs for the prevention of alcohol and other drug use to evaluate the efficacy of existing programs. APPROACH: The PsycINFO, Medline, Central Register of Controlled trials and Cochrane databases were searched in April 2015 and additional articles were obtained from reference lists...
March 23, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334318/laboratory-and-field-age-of-aqueous-grape-juice-bait-and-capture-of-zaprionus-indianus-diptera-drosophilidae
#10
Nancy D Epsky, Micah A Gill
Volatile chemicals produced by actively fermenting aqueous grape juice bait have been found to be highly attractive to the African fig fly, Zaprionus indianus Gupta. This is a highly dynamic system and time period of fermentation is an important factor in bait efficacy. A series of field tests were conducted that evaluated effects of laboratory versus field fermentation and sampling period (days after placement [DAP]) on bait effectiveness as the first step in identifying the chemicals responsible for attraction...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334317/functional-brain-parcellations-of-the-infant-brain-and-the-associated-developmental-trends
#11
Feng Shi, Andrew P Salzwedel, Weili Lin, John H Gilmore, Wei Gao
Resting-state functional connectivity studies have dramatically improved our understanding of the early human brain functional development during the past decade. However, one emerging problem that could potentially impede future progresses in the field is the definition of regions of interest (ROI), since it is well known that functional connectivity estimation can be seriously contaminated by within-ROI signal heterogeneity. In this study, based on a large-scale rsfMRI data set in human infants (230 neonates, 143 1-year olds, and 107 2-year olds), we aimed to derive a set of anatomically constrained, infant-specific functional brain parcellations using functional connectivity-based clustering...
March 14, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334311/flight-performance-of-ctenoplusia-agnata-lepidoptera-noctuidae
#12
Xiaowei Fu, Shengyuan Zhao, Chao Li, Xiao Wu, Jianglong Guo, Kongming Wu
Ctenoplusia agnata (Staudinger) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is a highly destructive polyphagous pest of cotton, maize, soybean, and cruciferous vegetables in East Asia. The effect of various biotic and abiotic factors on the flight performance of C. agnata is crucial for a better understanding of its transregional migration. In this study, the flight performance of C. agnata moths at different ages, temperatures, and relative humidity (RH) levels, was examined by tethering individual moths to computerized flight mills for a 24-h scotophase...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334095/phantom-smells-prevalence-and-correlates-in-a-population-based-sample-of-older-adults
#13
Sara Sjölund, Maria Larsson, Jonas K Olofsson, Janina Seubert, Erika J Laukka
Loss of olfactory function is common in old age, but evidence regarding qualitative olfactory dysfunction in the general older population is scarce. The current study investigates the prevalence and correlates of phantom smell experiences (phantosmia) in a population-based study (Swedish National Study on Aging and Care in Kungsholmen [SNAC-K]) of Swedish adults (n = 2569) aged between 60 and 90 years. Phantosmia was assessed through a standardized interview and defined as reporting having experienced an odor percept in the absence of any stimuli in the surrounding environment that could emit the odor...
February 20, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333904/-intestinal-endometriosis-a-case-report
#14
Sławomir Krzemiński
Endometriosis intestines due to its non-specific symptoms can pose diagnostic problems, a lack of or incorrect treatment worsens the quality of life, sometimes leading to serious complications. The differential diagnosis of abdominal pain, especially in patients of reproductive age should be taken disease into account. Often abdominal pain in young women are classified as a functional gastrointestinal disorder, and only carefully collected intelligence allows you to focus on the diagnosis of endometriosis, especially if the symptoms significantly impair quality of life...
March 21, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333761/race-ethnicity-health-insurance-and-mortality-in-older-survivors-of-critical-illness
#15
Matthew R Baldwin, Jessica L Sell, Nina Heyden, Azka Javaid, David A Berlin, Wendy C Gonzalez, Peter B Bach, Mathew S Maurer, Gina S Lovasi, David J Lederer
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether minority race or ethnicity is associated with mortality and mediated by health insurance coverage among older (≥ 65 yr old) survivors of critical illness. DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Two New York City academic medical centers. PATIENTS: A total of 1,947 consecutive white (1,107), black (361), and Hispanic (479) older adults who had their first medical-ICU admission from 2006 through 2009 and survived to hospital discharge...
March 22, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333569/are-preferences-for-aggressive-medical-treatment-associated-with-healthcare-utilization-in-the-very-old
#16
Steven M Albert, June R Lunney, Lei Ye, Robert Boudreau, Diane Ives, Suzanne Satterfield, Cameron M Kaplan, Teresa Waters, Hilsa N Ayonayon, Susan M Rubin, Anne B Newman, Tamara Harris
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationship between end-of-life (EOL) treatment preferences and recent hospitalization or emergency department (ED) care in the very old. DESIGN: Quarterly telephone follow-up of participants in the EOL in the Very Old cohort. SETTING: The EOL in the Very Old Age cohort drew from 1403 participants in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition (Health ABC) study who were alive in year 15 of follow-up. 87.5% (n = 1227) were successfully recontacted and enrolled...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333527/reading-self-perceived-ability-enjoyment-and-achievement-a-genetically-informative-study-of-their-reciprocal-links-over-time
#17
Margherita Malanchini, Zhe Wang, Ivan Voronin, Victoria J Schenker, Robert Plomin, Stephen A Petrill, Yulia Kovas
Extant literature has established a consistent association between aspects of reading motivation, such as enjoyment and self-perceived ability, and reading achievement, in that more motivated readers are generally more skilled readers. However, the developmental etiology of this relation is yet to be investigated. The present study explores the development of the motivation-achievement association and its genetic and environmental underpinnings. Applying cross-lagged design in a sample of 13,825 twins, we examined the relative contribution of genetic and environmental factors to the association between reading enjoyment and self-perceived ability and reading achievement...
April 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333502/temporal-dynamics-of-cognitive-performance-and-anxiety-across-older-adulthood
#18
Andrew J Petkus, Chandra A Reynolds, Julie Loebach Wetherell, William S Kremen, Margaret Gatz
Cognitive decline and anxiety symptoms commonly co-occur in later life, but the temporal order of changes on these two attributes is unclear. Specifically, it is unknown if greater anxiety leads to subsequent declines in cognitive performance or if worse cognitive performance leads to increased anxiety. In this study, we sought to elucidate the temporal dynamics between anxiety symptoms and cognitive performance across old age-that is, the extent to which level and change in one variable influence subsequent changes in a second variable...
March 23, 2017: Psychology and Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333489/occupations-and-the-prevalence-of-major-depressive-episode-in-the-national-survey-on-drug-use-and-health
#19
Albert Woodward, Rachel Lipari, William Eaton
OBJECTIVE: This study explores the relationship of occupations to major depressive episode (MDE). METHOD: National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH) data from the civilian noninstitutionalized United States population are analyzed regarding mental illnesses, employment, and specific occupations and industries. This analysis uses combined 2005 to 2014 NSDUH data, comprising a sample of 433,000 adults aged 18 to 64 years old, of whom 22,700 were both employed and had experienced an MDE in the past year...
March 23, 2017: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333178/age-as-a-risk-factor-in-abdominoplasty
#20
Rafael A Couto, Gregory A Lamaris, Todd A Baker, Ahmed M Hashem, Kashyap Tadisina, Paul Durand, Steven Rueda, Susan Orra, James E Zins
Background: Recent studies reviewing large patient databases suggested that age may be an independent risk factor for abdominoplasty. However, these investigations by design considered only short-term major complications. Objectives: The purpose of this investigation was: (1) to compare the safety of abdominoplasty in an elderly and younger patient population; (2) to determine the complication rates across all spectrums: major, minor, local, and systemic; and (3) to evaluate complications occurring both short and long term...
January 20, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
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