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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532135/anthropometric-analysis-of-cephalofacial-dimensions-in-kerman-iran
#1
Fatemeh Pouya, Seyed Hassan Eftekhar-Vaghefi, Parvin Salehinejad
The human body dimensions are affected by ecological, biological, geographical, racial, sex, and age factors. Craniofacial measurements can be considered to be one of the important tools for determination of the morphological characteristics of the head and face. In this study, which was conducted on Persian adolescents living in Kerman/Iran, different forms of head and face were determined for using in various aspects of medicine. The study was conducted on 732 participants including 366 males and 366 females in the age of 18-20-year-old...
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531872/the-relative-effectiveness-of-extinction-and-counter-conditioning-in-diminishing-children-s-fear
#2
Carol Newall, Tiffany Watson, Kerry-Ann Grant, Rick Richardson
Two behavioural strategies for reducing learned fear are extinction and counter-conditioning, and in this study we compared the relative effectiveness of the two procedures at diminishing fear in children. Seventy-three children aged 7-12 years old (M = 9.30, SD = 1.62) were exposed to pictures of two novel animals on a computer screen during the fear acquisition phase. One of these animals was paired with a picture of a scared human face (CS+) while the other was not (CS-). The children were then randomly assigned to one of three conditions: counter-conditioning (animal paired with a happy face), extinction (animal without scared face), or control (no fear reduction procedure)...
May 11, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531791/an-innovative-brioche-enriched-in-protein-and-energy-improves-the-nutritional-status-of-malnourished-nursing-home-residents-compared-to-oral-nutritional-supplement-and-usual-breakfast-farine-project
#3
Virginie Van Wymelbeke, Laurent Brondel, Francis Bon, Isabelle Martin-Pfitzenmeyer, Patrick Manckoundia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: To compare the effects of a 12-week nutritional intervention, in which an innovative protein-and-energy-enriched brioche, an oral nutritional supplement or a usual breakfast were eaten, on food intake and nutritional status in nursing home residents. DESIGN: Three-armed, multicentre, controlled trial. SETTING: Eight nursing homes in Burgundy, France. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-eight malnourished participants aged between 70 and 99 years old...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531779/overweight-postmenopausal-women-with-different-plasma-estradiol-concentrations-present-with-a-similar-pattern-of-energy-expenditure-and-substrate-oxidation-rate-before-and-after-a-fatty-meal-challenge
#4
Roberta de Souza Santos, Andressa Feijó da Silva Santos, Deborah J Clegg, Odilon Iannetta, Julio Sérgio Marchini, Vivian Marques Miguel Suen
Menopause-related withdrawal of ovarian estrogens is associated with reduced energy metabolism and overall impairment of substrate oxidation. Estradiol's withdrawal after menopause is associated with a reduction in energy metabolism and impaired substrate oxidation, which contributes to weight gain and visceral fat accumulation. Here we aimed to investigate the association between plasma estradiol concentrations and energy expenditure (EE)/substrate oxidation in a group of overweight postmenopausal women before and after a fatty meal challenge...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531769/increases-in-prescription-opioid-injection-abuse-among-treatment-admissions-in-the-united-states-2004-2013
#5
Christopher M Jones, Aleta Christensen, R Matthew Gladden
BACKGROUND: The 2015 HIV outbreak in Indiana associated with prescription opioid injection coupled with rising rates of hepatitis C, especially in areas with long-standing opioid abuse, have raised concerns about prescription opioid injection. However, research on this topic is limited. We assessed trends in treatment admissions reporting injection, smoking, and inhalation abuse of prescription opioids and examined characteristics associated with non-oral routes of prescription opioid abuse in the U...
May 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531300/anosmia-a-clinical-review
#6
Sanne Boesveldt, Elbrich M Postma, Duncan Boak, Antje Welge-Luessen, Veronika Schöpf, Joel D Mainland, Jeffrey Martens, John Ngai, Valerie B Duffy
Anosmia and hyposmia, the inability or decreased ability to smell, is estimated to afflict 3-20% of the population. Risk of olfactory dysfunction increases with old age and may also result from chronic sinonasal diseases, severe head trauma, and upper respiratory infections, or neurodegenerative diseases. These disorders impair the ability to sense warning odors in foods and the environment, as well as hinder the quality of life related to social interactions, eating, and feelings of well-being. This article reports and extends on a clinical update commencing at the 2016 Association for Chemoreception Sciences annual meeting...
May 22, 2017: Chemical Senses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531268/implementation-of-an-integrated-approach-to-the-national-hiv-aids-strategy-for-improving-human-immunodeficiency-virus-care-for-youths
#7
J Dennis Fortenberry, Linda J Koenig, Bill G Kapogiannis, Carrie L Jeffries, Jonathan M Ellen, Craig M Wilson
Importance: Youths aged 13 to 24 years old living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are less likely than adults to receive the health and prevention benefits of HIV treatments, with only a small proportion having achieved sustained viral suppression. These age-related disparities in HIV continuum of care are owing in part to the unique developmental issues of adolescents and young adults as well as the complexity and fragmentation of HIV care and related services. This article summarizes a national, multiagency, and multilevel approach to HIV care for newly diagnosed youths designed to bridge some of these fragmentations by addressing National HIV/AIDS Strategy goals for people living with HIV...
May 22, 2017: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531148/early-childhood-dental-caries-mouth-pain-and-malnutrition-in-the-ecuadorian-amazon-region
#8
Marvin So, Yianni A Ellenikiotis, Hannah M Husby, Cecilia Leonor Paz, Brittany Seymour, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez
Malnutrition and dental caries in early childhood remain persistent and intertwined global health challenges, particularly for indigenous and geographically-remote populations. To examine the prevalence and associations between early childhood dental caries, parent-reported mouth pain and malnutrition in the Amazonian region of Ecuador, we conducted a cross-sectional study of the oral health and nutrition status of 1407 children from birth through age 6 in the "Alli Kiru" program (2011-2013). We used multivariate regression analysis to examine relationships between severe caries, parent-reported mouth pain measures, and nutritional status...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530848/splanchnic-thoracoabdominal-and-cerebral-blood-flow-volumes-in-healthy-children-and-young-adults-in-fasting-and-postprandial-states-determining-reference-ranges-by-using-phase-contrast-mr-imaging
#9
Prakash Muthusami, Shi-Joon Yoo, Rajiv Chaturvedi, Navjot Gill, Jonathan Windram, Daryl Schantz, Milan Prsa, Pablo Caro-Dominguez, Mike Seed, Lars Grosse-Wortmann, Simon C Ling, Govind B Chavhan
Purpose To estimate reference ranges for blood flow volume (BFV) in major splanchnic, thoracoabdominal, and neck vessels by using phase-contrast magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in children and young adults in fasting and postprandial states. Materials and Methods In this institutional research ethics board-approved prospective study, healthy volunteers underwent phase-contrast MR imaging in a fasting state and again after a standardized meal. BFV values were reported as medians and ranges, and postmeal to premeal BFV ratios were calculated...
May 22, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530766/right-ring-finger-volar-mass-in-a-14-year-old-boy
#10
Mary P Fox, Jack E McKay, Randall D Craver, Nicholas D Pappas
A trigger digit is relatively uncommon in adolescents and often has a different etiology in that age group vs adults. In the pediatric population, trigger digits frequently arise from a variety of underlying anatomic situations, including thickening of the flexor digitorum superficialis or flexor digitorum profundus tendons, an abnormal relationship between the flexor digitorum superficialis and flexor digitorum profundus tendons, a proximal flexor digitorum superficialis decussation, or constriction of the pulleys...
May 20, 2017: Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530493/cutaneous-adenoid-cystic-carcinoma-with-perineural-invasion-diagnosed-in-the-foot-a-case-report
#11
Modupe M Agunbiade, Sanaz Lalehparvar, Morteza Khaladj
Adenoid cystic carcinoma is a rare, slow-growing neoplasm. It is most commonly located in the salivary glands, affects people older than 55 years of age, and has a predilection for women. These lesions may recur locally but have shown low metastatic potential. We present the unique case of a 71-year-old female with a nonraised hyperpigmented lesion isolated to the right heel. Confusion surrounded the clinical presentation of this dermatologic lesion, and many physicians postulated several differential diagnoses...
May 22, 2017: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530481/hormone-replacement-therapy-in-pre-menopausal-women-undergoing-bilateral-salpingo-oophorectomy-for-benign-disease-a-review-of-practice
#12
Alison Richardson, Emily West, Mike Cust
Introduction The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) guideline on the diagnosis and management of the menopause states that women who are likely to go through the menopause as a result of surgical treatment should be offered information about the menopause and the importance of starting hormonal replacement therapy before they have their treatment. Objectives To determine compliance with NICE guidelines at the Royal Derby Hospital. Study design We undertook a retrospective review of all pre-menopausal women undergoing bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy for benign pathology between 1 January 2016 and 30 June 2016...
January 1, 2017: Post Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530440/children-s-reasoning-about-deception-and-defiance-as-ways-of-resisting-parents-and-teachers-directives
#13
Matthew Gingo
This research presented 8-, 10-, and 12-year-olds (N = 120) with hypothetical situations depicting comparably aged children engaging in defiance and deception to circumvent authorities' directives that they disagreed with. The nature of the situations varied in terms of domain (personal, moral, or prudential) and type of authority figure (parent or teacher). Evaluations and justifications for the legitimacy of the directives, defiance, and deception were examined, as were general evaluations of deception. Across domains, increased age was associated with decreased acceptance of directives, and increased acceptance of defiance and deception...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530436/chinese-preschoolers-resource-allocation-in-the-face-of-existing-inequality-under-collaborative-and-noncollaborative-contexts
#14
Qiao Chai, Jie He
The current study investigated the stage at which Chinese preschoolers started considering recipients' material welfare and minimizing existing inequalities under both noncollaborative and collaborative contexts. Also, it analyzed how they behaved when recipients' material welfare was in conflict with merit or equality rule. Experiment 1 found that 4-year-old children allocated resources to the poor rather than the rich character only under the noncollaborative context but not under the collaborative context, in which they had observed these 2 characters working together to finish a task...
May 22, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530263/utricular-hypofunction-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#15
K Jáuregui-Renaud, C Aranda-Moreno, A Herrera-Rangel
The aim of this study was to assess the function of the utricle and horizontal semicircular canals in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus receiving primary health care, with/without a history of falls. 101 patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 34 to 84 years old (26 with and 75 without a history of falls) and 51 healthy volunteers (40-83 years old) accepted to participate. They denied having a history of dizziness, vertigo, unsteadiness, hearing loss or neurological disorders. None of them were seeking care due to sensory or balance decline...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530088/-common-treatment-for-acute-tonsillitis-in-the-community
#16
Oded Mazor, Martine Granek-Catarivas, Shmuel Giveon
BACKGROUND: Streptococcal tonsillitis among adults is a common diagnosis. There is wide agreement regarding the recommended treatment, which is Phenoxymethyl Penicillin (Penicillin V) 1000 mg daily (usually 500 mg BID for 10 days). OBJECTIVES: Description of the variability of routine antibiotic treatment prescribed by family physicians in the community for the treatment of acute tonsillitis (which represents a common diagnosis in primary care), and observation of the prescribed antibiotics adherence to the guidelines...
September 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530063/-rare-case-of-huge-omental-dermoid
#17
Ilan Atlas, Izhar Ben Shlomo, Yasmin Abbas
Ovarian dermoid cyst is a benign germ cell tumor usually occurring during fertile age. In contrast, giant omental dermoid is extremely rare and is thought to originate from ovarian torsion, detachment and omental implantation. We present a case of a 73 year old patient with 26 cm giant omental dermoid weighing more than 6 kg. During surgery, aspiration of the cystic part facilitated the delivery of the big mass through a relative small abdominal incision.
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530037/where-do-hiv-infected-adolescents-go-after-transfer-tracking-transition-transfer-of-hiv-infected-adolescents-using-linkage-of-cohort-data-to-a-health-information-system-platform
#18
Mary-Ann Davies, Priscilla Tsondai, Nicki Tiffin, Brian Eley, Helena Rabie, Jonathan Euvrard, Catherine Orrell, Hans Prozesky, Robin Wood, Dolphina Cogill, Andreas D Haas, Annette H Sohn, Andrew Boulle
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate long-term outcomes in HIV-infected adolescents, it is important to identify ways of tracking outcomes after transfer to a different health facility. The Department of Health (DoH) in the Western Cape Province (WCP) of South Africa uses a single unique identifier for all patients across the health service platform. We examined adolescent outcomes after transfer by linking data from four International epidemiology Databases to Evaluate AIDS Southern Africa (IeDEA-SA) cohorts in the WCP with DoH data...
May 16, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530019/men1-in-children-and-adolescents-data-from-patients-of-a-regional-referral-center-for-hereditary-endocrine-tumors
#19
Letizia Vannucci, Francesca Marini, Francesca Giusti, Simone Ciuffi, Francesco Tonelli, Maria Luisa Brandi
PURPOSE: To retrospectively evaluate the age of onset of MEN1-associated lesions in a group of affected children and adolescents and to compare the clinical features of our series with the evidence derived from the literature. METHODS: The study population consisted of 22 Italian children and adolescents (age 6-31 years at the time of the inclusion in this study) all with a clinical and/or a genetic diagnosis of MEN1 performed before the age of 16 who have been followed-up regularly from 1998 to 2016 at the Regional Referral Center for Hereditary Endocrine Tumors...
May 22, 2017: Endocrine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529613/long-term-outcome-of-inflammatory-breast-cancer-compared-to-non-inflammatory-breast-cancer-in-the-setting-of-high-dose-chemotherapy-with-autologous-hematopoietic-cell-transplantation
#20
Yee Chung Cheng, Yushu Shi, Mei-Jie Zhang, Ruta Brazauskas, Michael T Hemmer, Michael R Bishop, Yago Nieto, Edward Stadtmauer, Lois Ayash, Robert Peter Gale, Hillard Lazarus, Leona Holmberg, Michael Lill, Richard F Olsson, Baldeep Mona Wirk, Mukta Arora, Parameswaran Hari, Naoto Ueno
Introduction: Inflammatory breast cancer (IBC) is a rare aggressive form of breast cancer. It is well known that the long-term survival and progression-free survival of IBC are worse than that of non-IBC. We report the long term outcomes of patients with IBC and non-IBC who had undergone high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) with autologous hematopoietic cell transplantation (AHCT). Methods: All 3387 patients with IBC or non-IBC who underwent HDC with AHCT between1990-2002 and registered with CIBMTR were included in this analysis...
2017: Journal of Cancer
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