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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332189/technical-intelligence-and-culture-nut-cracking-in-humans-and-chimpanzees
#1
Christophe Boesch, Daša Bombjaková, Adam Boyette, Amelia Meier
OBJECTIVES: According to the technical intelligence hypothesis, humans are superior to all other animal species in understanding and using tools. However, the vast majority of comparative studies between humans and chimpanzees, both proficient tool users, have not controlled for the effects of age, prior knowledge, past experience, rearing conditions, or differences in experimental procedures. We tested whether humans are superior to chimpanzees in selecting better tools, using them more dexteriously, achieving higher performance and gaining access to more resource as predicted under the technical intelligence hypothesis...
March 23, 2017: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331430/measurement-of-the-production-cross-section-of-a-w%C3%A2-boson-in-association-with-two-b-jets-in-pp-collisions-at-formula-see-text
#2
V Khachatryan, A M Sirunyan, A Tumasyan, W Adam, E Asilar, T Bergauer, J Brandstetter, E Brondolin, M Dragicevic, J Erö, M Flechl, M Friedl, R Frühwirth, V M Ghete, C Hartl, N Hörmann, J Hrubec, M Jeitler, A König, I Krätschmer, D Liko, T Matsushita, I Mikulec, D Rabady, N Rad, B Rahbaran, H Rohringer, J Schieck, J Strauss, W Treberer-Treberspurg, W Waltenberger, C-E Wulz, V Mossolov, N Shumeiko, J Suarez Gonzalez, S Alderweireldt, E A De Wolf, X Janssen, J Lauwers, M Van De Klundert, H Van Haevermaet, P Van Mechelen, N Van Remortel, A Van Spilbeeck, S Abu Zeid, F Blekman, J D'Hondt, N Daci, I De Bruyn, K Deroover, N Heracleous, S Lowette, S Moortgat, L Moreels, A Olbrechts, Q Python, S Tavernier, W Van Doninck, P Van Mulders, I Van Parijs, H Brun, C Caillol, B Clerbaux, G De Lentdecker, H Delannoy, G Fasanella, L Favart, R Goldouzian, A Grebenyuk, G Karapostoli, T Lenzi, A Léonard, J Luetic, T Maerschalk, A Marinov, A Randle-Conde, T Seva, C Vander Velde, P Vanlaer, R Yonamine, F Zenoni, F Zhang, A Cimmino, T Cornelis, D Dobur, A Fagot, G Garcia, M Gul, D Poyraz, S Salva, R Schöfbeck, M Tytgat, W Van Driessche, E Yazgan, N Zaganidis, H Bakhshiansohi, C Beluffi, O Bondu, S Brochet, G Bruno, A Caudron, S De Visscher, C Delaere, M Delcourt, L Forthomme, B Francois, A Giammanco, A Jafari, P Jez, M Komm, V Lemaitre, A Magitteri, A Mertens, M Musich, C Nuttens, K Piotrzkowski, L Quertenmont, M Selvaggi, M Vidal Marono, S Wertz, N Beliy, W L Aldá Júnior, F L Alves, G A Alves, L Brito, C Hensel, A Moraes, M E Pol, P Rebello Teles, E Belchior Batista Das Chagas, W Carvalho, J Chinellato, A Custódio, E M Da Costa, G G Da Silveira, D De Jesus Damiao, C De Oliveira Martins, S Fonseca De Souza, L M Huertas Guativa, H Malbouisson, D Matos Figueiredo, C Mora Herrera, L Mundim, H Nogima, W L Prado Da Silva, A Santoro, A Sznajder, E J Tonelli Manganote, A Vilela Pereira, S Ahuja, C A Bernardes, S Dogra, T R Fernandez Perez Tomei, E M Gregores, P G Mercadante, C S Moon, S F Novaes, Sandra S Padula, D Romero Abad, J C Ruiz Vargas, A Aleksandrov, R Hadjiiska, P Iaydjiev, M Rodozov, S Stoykova, G Sultanov, M Vutova, A Dimitrov, I Glushkov, L Litov, B Pavlov, P Petkov, W Fang, M Ahmad, J G Bian, G M Chen, H S Chen, M Chen, Y Chen, T Cheng, C H Jiang, D Leggat, Z Liu, F Romeo, S M Shaheen, A Spiezia, J Tao, C Wang, Z Wang, H Zhang, J Zhao, Y Ban, G Chen, Q Li, S Liu, Y Mao, S J Qian, D Wang, Z Xu, C Avila, A Cabrera, L F Chaparro Sierra, C Florez, J P Gomez, C F González Hernández, J D Ruiz Alvarez, J C Sanabria, N Godinovic, D Lelas, I Puljak, P M Ribeiro Cipriano, Z Antunovic, M Kovac, V Brigljevic, D Ferencek, K Kadija, S Micanovic, L Sudic, T Susa, A Attikis, G Mavromanolakis, J Mousa, C Nicolaou, F Ptochos, P A Razis, H Rykaczewski, M Finger, M Finger Jr, E Carrera Jarrin, Y Assran, T Elkafrawy, A Mahrous, B Calpas, M Kadastik, M Murumaa, L Perrini, M Raidal, A Tiko, C Veelken, P Eerola, J Pekkanen, M Voutilainen, J Härkönen, V Karimäki, R Kinnunen, T 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Gouzevitch, G Grenier, B Ille, F Lagarde, I B Laktineh, M Lethuillier, L Mirabito, A L Pequegnot, S Perries, A Popov, D Sabes, V Sordini, M Vander Donckt, P Verdier, S Viret, T Toriashvili, I Bagaturia, C Autermann, S Beranek, L Feld, A Heister, M K Kiesel, K Klein, M Lipinski, A Ostapchuk, M Preuten, F Raupach, S Schael, C Schomakers, J F Schulte, J Schulz, T Verlage, H Weber, V Zhukov, M Brodski, E Dietz-Laursonn, D Duchardt, M Endres, M Erdmann, S Erdweg, T Esch, R Fischer, A Güth, M Hamer, T Hebbeker, C Heidemann, K Hoepfner, S Knutzen, M Merschmeyer, A Meyer, P Millet, S Mukherjee, M Olschewski, K Padeken, T Pook, M Radziej, H Reithler, M Rieger, F Scheuch, L Sonnenschein, D Teyssier, S Thüer, V Cherepanov, G Flügge, W Haj Ahmad, F Hoehle, B Kargoll, T Kress, A Künsken, J Lingemann, A Nehrkorn, A Nowack, I M Nugent, C Pistone, O Pooth, A Stahl, M Aldaya Martin, C Asawatangtrakuldee, K Beernaert, O Behnke, U Behrens, A A Bin Anuar, K Borras, A Campbell, P Connor, C 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F M Stober, M Stöver, H Tholen, D Troendle, E Usai, L Vanelderen, A Vanhoefer, B Vormwald, C Barth, C Baus, J Berger, E Butz, T Chwalek, F Colombo, W De Boer, A Dierlamm, S Fink, R Friese, M Giffels, A Gilbert, P Goldenzweig, D Haitz, F Hartmann, S M Heindl, U Husemann, I Katkov, P Lobelle Pardo, B Maier, H Mildner, M U Mozer, T Müller, Th Müller, M Plagge, G Quast, K Rabbertz, S Röcker, F Roscher, M Schröder, I Shvetsov, G Sieber, H J Simonis, R Ulrich, J Wagner-Kuhr, S Wayand, M Weber, T Weiler, S Williamson, C Wöhrmann, R Wolf, G Anagnostou, G Daskalakis, T Geralis, V A Giakoumopoulou, A Kyriakis, D Loukas, I Topsis-Giotis, A Agapitos, S Kesisoglou, A Panagiotou, N Saoulidou, E Tziaferi, I Evangelou, G Flouris, C Foudas, P Kokkas, N Loukas, N Manthos, I Papadopoulos, E Paradas, N Filipovic, G Bencze, C Hajdu, P Hidas, D Horvath, F Sikler, V Veszpremi, G Vesztergombi, A J Zsigmond, N Beni, S Czellar, J Karancsi, A Makovec, J Molnar, Z Szillasi, M Bartók, P Raics, Z L Trocsanyi, B Ujvari, S Bahinipati, S Choudhury, P Mal, K Mandal, A Nayak, D K Sahoo, N Sahoo, S K Swain, S Bansal, S B Beri, V Bhatnagar, R Chawla, U Bhawandeep, A K Kalsi, A Kaur, M Kaur, R Kumar, A Mehta, M Mittal, J B Singh, G Walia, Ashok Kumar, A Bhardwaj, B C Choudhary, R B Garg, S Keshri, S Malhotra, M Naimuddin, N Nishu, K Ranjan, R Sharma, V Sharma, R Bhattacharya, S Bhattacharya, K Chatterjee, S Dey, S Dutt, S Dutta, S Ghosh, N Majumdar, A Modak, K Mondal, S Mukhopadhyay, S Nandan, A Purohit, A Roy, D Roy, S Roy Chowdhury, S Sarkar, M Sharan, S Thakur, P K Behera, R Chudasama, D Dutta, V Jha, V Kumar, A K Mohanty, P K Netrakanti, L M Pant, P Shukla, A Topkar, T Aziz, S Dugad, G Kole, B Mahakud, S Mitra, G B Mohanty, B Parida, N Sur, B Sutar, S Banerjee, S Bhowmik, R K Dewanjee, S Ganguly, M Guchait, Sa Jain, S Kumar, M Maity, G Majumder, K Mazumdar, T Sarkar, N Wickramage, S Chauhan, S Dube, V Hegde, A Kapoor, K Kothekar, A Rane, S Sharma, H Behnamian, S Chenarani, E Eskandari Tadavani, S 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Tavolaro, K Theofilatos, R Wallny, T K Aarrestad, C Amsler, L Caminada, M F Canelli, A De Cosa, C Galloni, A Hinzmann, T Hreus, B Kilminster, C Lange, J Ngadiuba, D Pinna, G Rauco, P Robmann, D Salerno, Y Yang, V Candelise, T H Doan, Sh Jain, R Khurana, M Konyushikhin, C M Kuo, W Lin, Y J Lu, A Pozdnyakov, S S Yu, Arun Kumar, P Chang, Y H Chang, Y W Chang, Y Chao, K F Chen, P H Chen, C Dietz, F Fiori, W-S Hou, Y Hsiung, Y F Liu, R-S Lu, M Miñano Moya, E Paganis, A Psallidas, J F Tsai, Y M Tzeng, B Asavapibhop, G Singh, N Srimanobhas, N Suwonjandee, A Adiguzel, M N Bakirci, S Damarseckin, Z S Demiroglu, C Dozen, E Eskut, S Girgis, G Gokbulut, Y Guler, E Gurpinar, I Hos, E E Kangal, O Kara, U Kiminsu, M Oglakci, G Onengut, K Ozdemir, S Ozturk, A Polatoz, D Sunar Cerci, S Turkcapar, I S Zorbakir, C Zorbilmez, B Bilin, S Bilmis, B Isildak, G Karapinar, M Yalvac, M Zeyrek, E Gülmez, M Kaya, O Kaya, E A Yetkin, T Yetkin, A Cakir, K Cankocak, S Sen, B Grynyov, L Levchuk, P Sorokin, R Aggleton, F Ball, L Beck, J J Brooke, D Burns, E Clement, D Cussans, H Flacher, J Goldstein, M Grimes, G P Heath, H F Heath, J Jacob, L Kreczko, C Lucas, D M Newbold, S Paramesvaran, A Poll, T Sakuma, S Seif El Nasr-Storey, D Smith, V J Smith, K W Bell, A Belyaev, C Brew, R M Brown, L Calligaris, D Cieri, D J A Cockerill, J A Coughlan, K Harder, S Harper, E Olaiya, D Petyt, C H Shepherd-Themistocleous, A Thea, I R Tomalin, T Williams, M Baber, R Bainbridge, O Buchmuller, A Bundock, D Burton, S Casasso, M Citron, D Colling, L Corpe, P Dauncey, G Davies, A De Wit, M Della Negra, R Di Maria, P Dunne, A Elwood, D Futyan, Y Haddad, G Hall, G Iles, T James, R Lane, C Laner, R Lucas, L Lyons, A-M Magnan, S Malik, L Mastrolorenzo, J Nash, A Nikitenko, J Pela, B Penning, M Pesaresi, D M Raymond, A Richards, A Rose, C Seez, S Summers, A Tapper, K Uchida, M Vazquez Acosta, T Virdee, J Wright, S C Zenz, J E Cole, P R Hobson, A Khan, P Kyberd, D Leslie, I D Reid, P Symonds, L Teodorescu, M Turner, A Borzou, K Call, J Dittmann, K Hatakeyama, H Liu, N Pastika, O Charaf, S I Cooper, C Henderson, P Rumerio, D Arcaro, A Avetisyan, T Bose, D Gastler, D Rankin, C Richardson, J Rohlf, L Sulak, D Zou, G Benelli, E Berry, D Cutts, A Garabedian, J Hakala, U Heintz, J M Hogan, O Jesus, E Laird, G Landsberg, Z Mao, M Narain, S Piperov, S Sagir, E Spencer, R Syarif, R Breedon, G Breto, D Burns, M Calderon De La Barca Sanchez, S Chauhan, M Chertok, J Conway, R Conway, P T Cox, R Erbacher, C Flores, G Funk, M Gardner, W Ko, R Lander, C Mclean, M Mulhearn, D Pellett, J Pilot, F Ricci-Tam, S Shalhout, J Smith, M Squires, D Stolp, M Tripathi, S Wilbur, R Yohay, R Cousins, P Everaerts, A Florent, J Hauser, M Ignatenko, D Saltzberg, E Takasugi, V Valuev, M Weber, K Burt, R Clare, J Ellison, J W Gary, G Hanson, J Heilman, P Jandir, E Kennedy, F Lacroix, O R Long, M Malberti, M Olmedo Negrete, M I Paneva, A Shrinivas, H Wei, S Wimpenny, B R Yates, J G Branson, G B Cerati, S Cittolin, M Derdzinski, R Gerosa, A Holzner, D Klein, V Krutelyov, J Letts, I Macneill, D Olivito, S Padhi, M Pieri, M Sani, V Sharma, S Simon, M Tadel, A Vartak, S Wasserbaech, C Welke, J Wood, F Würthwein, A Yagil, G Zevi Della Porta, R Bhandari, J Bradmiller-Feld, C Campagnari, A Dishaw, V Dutta, K Flowers, M Franco Sevilla, P Geffert, C George, F Golf, L Gouskos, J Gran, R Heller, J Incandela, N Mccoll, S D Mullin, A Ovcharova, J Richman, D Stuart, I Suarez, C West, J Yoo, D Anderson, A Apresyan, J Bendavid, A Bornheim, J Bunn, Y Chen, J Duarte, J M Lawhorn, A Mott, H B Newman, C Pena, M Spiropulu, J R Vlimant, S Xie, R Y Zhu, M B Andrews, V Azzolini, B Carlson, T Ferguson, M Paulini, J Russ, M Sun, H Vogel, I Vorobiev, J P Cumalat, W T Ford, F Jensen, A Johnson, M Krohn, T Mulholland, K Stenson, S R Wagner, J Alexander, J Chaves, J Chu, S Dittmer, K Mcdermott, N Mirman, G Nicolas Kaufman, J R Patterson, A Rinkevicius, A Ryd, L Skinnari, L Soffi, S M Tan, Z Tao, J Thom, J Tucker, P Wittich, M Zientek, D Winn, S Abdullin, M Albrow, G Apollinari, S Banerjee, L A T Bauerdick, A Beretvas, J Berryhill, P C Bhat, G Bolla, K Burkett, J N Butler, H W K Cheung, F Chlebana, S Cihangir, M Cremonesi, V D Elvira, I Fisk, J Freeman, E Gottschalk, L Gray, D Green, S Grünendahl, O Gutsche, D Hare, R M Harris, S Hasegawa, J Hirschauer, Z Hu, B Jayatilaka, S Jindariani, M Johnson, U Joshi, B Klima, B Kreis, S Lammel, J Linacre, D Lincoln, R Lipton, T Liu, R Lopes De Sá, J Lykken, K Maeshima, N Magini, J M Marraffino, S Maruyama, D Mason, P McBride, P Merkel, S Mrenna, S Nahn, C Newman-Holmes, V O'Dell, K Pedro, O Prokofyev, G Rakness, L Ristori, E Sexton-Kennedy, A Soha, W J Spalding, L Spiegel, S Stoynev, N Strobbe, L Taylor, S Tkaczyk, N V Tran, L Uplegger, E W Vaandering, C Vernieri, M Verzocchi, R Vidal, M Wang, H A Weber, A Whitbeck, D Acosta, P Avery, P Bortignon, D Bourilkov, A Brinkerhoff, A Carnes, M Carver, D Curry, S Das, R D Field, I K Furic, J Konigsberg, A Korytov, P Ma, K Matchev, H Mei, P Milenovic, G Mitselmakher, D Rank, L Shchutska, D Sperka, L Thomas, J Wang, S Wang, J Yelton, S Linn, P Markowitz, G Martinez, J L Rodriguez, A Ackert, J R Adams, T Adams, A Askew, S Bein, B Diamond, S Hagopian, V Hagopian, K F Johnson, A Khatiwada, H Prosper, A Santra, M Weinberg, M M Baarmand, V Bhopatkar, S Colafranceschi, M Hohlmann, D Noonan, T Roy, F Yumiceva, M R Adams, L Apanasevich, D Berry, R R Betts, I Bucinskaite, R Cavanaugh, O Evdokimov, L Gauthier, C E Gerber, D J Hofman, P Kurt, C O'Brien, I D Sandoval Gonzalez, P Turner, N Varelas, H Wang, Z Wu, M Zakaria, J Zhang, B Bilki, W Clarida, K Dilsiz, S Durgut, R P Gandrajula, M Haytmyradov, V Khristenko, J-P Merlo, H Mermerkaya, A Mestvirishvili, A Moeller, J Nachtman, H Ogul, Y Onel, F Ozok, A Penzo, C Snyder, E Tiras, J Wetzel, K Yi, I Anderson, B Blumenfeld, A Cocoros, N Eminizer, D Fehling, L Feng, A V Gritsan, P Maksimovic, M Osherson, J Roskes, U Sarica, M Swartz, M Xiao, Y Xin, C You, A Al-Bataineh, P Baringer, A Bean, J Bowen, C Bruner, J Castle, R P Kenny Iii, A Kropivnitskaya, D Majumder, W Mcbrayer, M Murray, S Sanders, R Stringer, J D Tapia Takaki, Q Wang, A Ivanov, K Kaadze, S Khalil, M Makouski, Y Maravin, A Mohammadi, L K Saini, N Skhirtladze, S Toda, D Lange, F Rebassoo, D Wright, C Anelli, A Baden, O Baron, A Belloni, B Calvert, S C Eno, C Ferraioli, J A Gomez, N J Hadley, S Jabeen, R G Kellogg, T Kolberg, J Kunkle, Y Lu, A C Mignerey, Y H Shin, A Skuja, M B Tonjes, S C Tonwar, D Abercrombie, B Allen, A Apyan, R Barbieri, A Baty, R Bi, K Bierwagen, S Brandt, W Busza, I A Cali, Z Demiragli, L Di Matteo, G Gomez Ceballos, M Goncharov, D Hsu, Y Iiyama, G M Innocenti, M Klute, D Kovalskyi, K Krajczar, Y S Lai, Y-J Lee, A Levin, P D Luckey, A C Marini, C Mcginn, C Mironov, S Narayanan, X Niu, C Paus, C Roland, G Roland, J Salfeld-Nebgen, G S F Stephans, K Sumorok, K Tatar, M Varma, D Velicanu, J Veverka, J Wang, T W Wang, B Wyslouch, M Yang, V Zhukova, A C Benvenuti, R M Chatterjee, A Evans, A Finkel, A Gude, P Hansen, S Kalafut, S C Kao, Y Kubota, Z Lesko, J Mans, S Nourbakhsh, N Ruckstuhl, R Rusack, N Tambe, J Turkewitz, J G Acosta, S Oliveros, E Avdeeva, R Bartek, K Bloom, S Bose, D R Claes, A Dominguez, C Fangmeier, R Gonzalez Suarez, R Kamalieddin, D Knowlton, I Kravchenko, A Malta Rodrigues, F Meier, J Monroy, J E Siado, G R Snow, B Stieger, M Alyari, J Dolen, J George, A Godshalk, C Harrington, I Iashvili, J Kaisen, A Kharchilava, A Kumar, A Parker, S Rappoccio, B Roozbahani, G Alverson, E Barberis, D Baumgartel, A Hortiangtham, A Massironi, D M Morse, D Nash, T Orimoto, R Teixeira De Lima, D Trocino, R-J Wang, D Wood, S Bhattacharya, K A Hahn, A Kubik, A Kumar, J F Low, N Mucia, N Odell, B Pollack, M H Schmitt, K Sung, M Trovato, M Velasco, N Dev, M Hildreth, K Hurtado Anampa, C Jessop, D J Karmgard, N Kellams, K Lannon, N Marinelli, F Meng, C Mueller, Y Musienko, M Planer, A Reinsvold, R Ruchti, G Smith, S Taroni, N Valls, M Wayne, M Wolf, A Woodard, J Alimena, L Antonelli, J Brinson, B Bylsma, L S Durkin, S Flowers, B Francis, A Hart, C Hill, R Hughes, W Ji, B Liu, W Luo, D Puigh, B L Winer, H W Wulsin, S Cooperstein, O Driga, P Elmer, J Hardenbrook, P Hebda, J Luo, D Marlow, T Medvedeva, K Mei, M Mooney, J Olsen, C Palmer, P Piroué, D Stickland, C Tully, A Zuranski, S Malik, A Barker, V E Barnes, S Folgueras, L Gutay, M K Jha, M Jones, A W Jung, K Jung, D H Miller, N Neumeister, B C Radburn-Smith, X Shi, J Sun, A Svyatkovskiy, F Wang, W Xie, L Xu, N Parashar, J Stupak, A Adair, B Akgun, Z Chen, K M Ecklund, F J M Geurts, M Guilbaud, W Li, B Michlin, M Northup, B P Padley, R Redjimi, J Roberts, J Rorie, Z Tu, J Zabel, B Betchart, A Bodek, P de Barbaro, R Demina, Y T Duh, T Ferbel, M Galanti, A Garcia-Bellido, J Han, O Hindrichs, A Khukhunaishvili, K H Lo, P Tan, M Verzetti, J P Chou, E Contreras-Campana, Y Gershtein, T A Gómez Espinosa, E Halkiadakis, M Heindl, D Hidas, E Hughes, S Kaplan, R Kunnawalkam Elayavalli, S Kyriacou, A Lath, K Nash, H Saka, S Salur, S Schnetzer, D Sheffield, S Somalwar, R Stone, S Thomas, P Thomassen, M Walker, M Foerster, J Heideman, G Riley, K Rose, S Spanier, K Thapa, O Bouhali, A Celik, M Dalchenko, M De Mattia, A Delgado, S Dildick, R Eusebi, J Gilmore, T Huang, E Juska, T Kamon, R Mueller, Y Pakhotin, R Patel, A Perloff, L Perniè, D Rathjens, A Rose, A Safonov, A Tatarinov, K A Ulmer, N Akchurin, C Cowden, J Damgov, C Dragoiu, P R Dudero, J Faulkner, S Kunori, K Lamichhane, S W Lee, T Libeiro, S Undleeb, I Volobouev, Z Wang, A G Delannoy, S Greene, A Gurrola, R Janjam, W Johns, C Maguire, A Melo, H Ni, P Sheldon, S Tuo, J Velkovska, Q Xu, M W Arenton, P Barria, B Cox, J Goodell, R Hirosky, A Ledovskoy, H Li, C Neu, T Sinthuprasith, X Sun, Y Wang, E Wolfe, F Xia, C Clarke, R Harr, P E Karchin, P Lamichhane, J Sturdy, D A Belknap, S Dasu, L Dodd, S Duric, B Gomber, M Grothe, M Herndon, A Hervé, P Klabbers, A Lanaro, A Levine, K Long, R Loveless, I Ojalvo, T Perry, G A Pierro, G Polese, T Ruggles, A Savin, A Sharma, N Smith, W H Smith, D Taylor, N Woods
The production cross section of a W boson in association with two b jets is measured using a sample of proton-proton collisions at [Formula: see text] collected by the CMS experiment at the CERN LHC. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 19.8[Formula: see text]. The W bosons are reconstructed via their leptonic decays, [Formula: see text], where [Formula: see text] or [Formula: see text]. The fiducial region studied contains exactly one lepton with transverse momentum [Formula: see text] and pseudorapidity [Formula: see text], with exactly two b jets with [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] and no other jets with [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text]...
2017: European Physical Journal. C, Particles and Fields
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329908/re-evaluating-the-roles-of-myosin-18a%C3%AE-and-f-actin-in-determining-golgi-morphology
#3
Kyle Bruun, Jordan R Beach, Sarah M Heissler, Kirsten Remmert, James R Sellers, John A Hammer
The peri-centrosomal localization and morphology of the Golgi apparatus depends largely on the microtubule cytoskeleton and the microtubule motor protein dynein. Recent studies proposed that myosin 18Aα (M18Aα) also contributes to Golgi morphology by binding the Golgi protein GOLPH3 and walking along adjacent actin filaments to stretch the Golgi into its classic ribbon structure. Biochemical analyses have shown, however, that M18A is not an actin-activated ATPase and lacks motor activity. Our goal, therefore, was to define the precise molecular mechanism by which M18Aα determines Golgi morphology...
March 22, 2017: Cytoskeleton
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327501/accurate-determination-of-the-frequency-response-function-of-submerged-and-confined-structures-by-using-pzt-patches%C3%A2
#4
Alexandre Presas, David Valentin, Eduard Egusquiza, Carme Valero, Mònica Egusquiza, Matias Bossio
To accurately determine the dynamic response of a structure is of relevant interest in many engineering applications. Particularly, it is of paramount importance to determine the Frequency Response Function (FRF) for structures subjected to dynamic loads in order to avoid resonance and fatigue problems that can drastically reduce their useful life. One challenging case is the experimental determination of the FRF of submerged and confined structures, such as hydraulic turbines, which are greatly affected by dynamic problems as reported in many cases in the past...
March 22, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327255/the-interplay-of-ethics-animal-welfare-and-iacuc-oversight-on-the-reproducibility-of-animal-studies
#5
Stacy L Pritt And Robert E Hammer
Reproducibility in animal studies has been defined as the ability of a result to be replicated through independent experimentswithin the same or among different laboratories. Over the past few years, much has been written and said about the lack of reproducibility of animal studies. Reasons that are commonly cited for this lack of reproducibility include inappropriate study design,errors in conducting the research, and potential fraud. In the quest to understand the basis for this lack of reproducibility, scientists have not fully considered the potential ramifications on ethical constructs for animal research, animal welfare considerations in animal research programs, the regulatory environment, and oversight by IACUCs...
March 21, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326683/restoring-full-thickness-defects-with-spray-skin-in-conjunction-with-dermal-regenerate-template-and-split-thickness-skin-grafting-a-pilot-study
#6
Daniel Hammer, Juan L Rendon, Jennifer Sabino, Kerry Latham, Mark E Fleming, Ian L Valerio
Complex, full-thickness soft tissue defects secondary to large burns, trauma and war-related injuries continue to challenge reconstructive surgeons. To achieve positive surgical outcomes in these patient populations, novel approaches are needed to restore the functional, protective and aesthetic properties of skin. Herein, we provide the first report describing the staged use of a dermal regenerate template (DRT) with a spray-on epidermal regenerative modality (spray skin) in addition to autologous split-thickness skin grafting (STSG) in non-burn trauma and compare these results with those of patients treated with DRT and STSG alone...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323250/the-atomic-simulation-environment-a-python-library-for-working-with-atoms
#7
Ask Larsen, Jens Mortensen, Jakob Blomqvist, Ivano Castelli, Rune Christensen, Marcin Dulak, Jesper Friis, Michael Groves, Bjork Hammer, Cory Hargus, Eric Hermes, Paul Jennings, Peter Jensen, James Kermode, John Kitchin, Esben Kolsbjerg, Joseph Kubal, Kristen Kaasbjerg, Steen Lysgaard, Jon Maronsson, Tristan Maxson, Thomas Olsen, Lars Pastewka, Andrew Peterson, Carsten Rostgaard, Jakob Schiøtz, Ole Schütt, Mikkel Strange, Kristian Thygesen, Tejs Vegge, Lasse Vilhelmsen, Michael Walter, Zhenhua Zeng, Karsten Wedel Jacobsen
The Atomic Simulation Environment (ASE) is a software package written in the Python programming language with the aim of setting up, steering, and analyzing atomistic simula- tions. In ASE, tasks are fully scripted in Python. The powerful syntax of Python combined with the NumPy array library make it possible to perform very complex simulation tasks. For example, a sequence of calculations may be performed with the use of a simple "for-loop" construction. Calculations of energy, forces, stresses and other quantities are performed through interfaces to many external electronic structure codes or force fields using a uniform interface...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Physics. Condensed Matter: An Institute of Physics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322232/hierarchical-on-surface-synthesis-and-electronic-structure-of-carbonyl-functionalized-one-and-two-dimensional-covalent-nanoarchitectures
#8
Christian Steiner, Julian Gebhardt, Maximilian Ammon, Zechao Yang, Alexander Heidenreich, Natalie Hammer, Andreas Görling, Milan Kivala, Sabine Maier
The fabrication of nanostructures in a bottom-up approach from specific molecular precursors offers the opportunity to create tailored materials for applications in nanoelectronics. However, the formation of defect-free two-dimensional (2D) covalent networks remains a challenge, which makes it difficult to unveil their electronic structure. Here we report on the hierarchical on-surface synthesis of nearly defect-free 2D covalent architectures with carbonyl-functionalized pores on Au(111), which is investigated by low-temperature scanning tunnelling microscopy in combination with density functional theory calculations...
March 21, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318292/from-play-to-proficiency-the-ontogeny-of-stone-tool-use-in-coastal-foraging-long-tailed-macaques-macaca-fascicularis-from-a-comparative-perception-action-perspective
#9
Amanda W Y Tan
Macaques crack shellfish in coastal environments with specialized stone-hammering techniques. I provide the first examination of skill development from 866 object-manipulation and 7,400 tool-use bouts, collected over 15 months, using longitudinal analyses of infants' object manipulation (N = 7) and cross-sectional comparisons of manipulative and tool-use behavior (N = 69). I adopt a Perception-action approach, examining how the emergence of actions on objects relate to the spatial-relational and percussive challenges of tool use...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Comparative Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316126/hemodialysis-clinic-social-networks-sex-differences-and-renal-transplantation
#10
A Gillespie, E L Fink, H M Traino, A Uversky, S B Bass, J Greener, J Hunt, T Browne, H Hammer, P P Reese, Z Obradovic
This study describes patient social networks within a new hemodialysis clinic and models the association between social network participation and kidney transplantation. Survey and observational data collected between 8/2012 and 2/2015 were used to observe the formation of a social network of 46 hemodialysis patients in a newly opened clinic. Thirty-two (70%) patients formed a social network, discussing health (59%) and transplantation (44%) with other patients. While transplant eligible women participated in the network less often than men (56% vs...
March 18, 2017: American Journal of Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306517/biomechanical-analysis-of-stiffness-and-fracture-displacement-after-using-pmma-augmented-sacroiliac-screw-fixation-for-sacrum-fractures
#11
Andreas Höch, Richard Schimpf, Niels Hammer, Stefan Schleifenbaum, Michael Werner, Christoph Josten, Jörg Böhme
Cement augmentation of pedicle screws is the gold standard for the stabilization of osteoporotic fractures of the spine. In-screw cement augmentation, in which cement is injected through the cannula, is another option for fracture stabilization of fragility fractures of the sacrum. However, biomechanical superiority of this technique compared to conventional sacroiliac screw fixation has not been tested. The present study compares the stability of cement-augmented and non-cement-augmented sacroiliac screw fixation in osteoporotic sacrum fractures under cyclic loading...
March 15, 2017: Biomedizinische Technik. Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304189/physiological-remodeling-of-bifurcation-aneurysms-preclinical-results-of-the-eclips-device
#12
Thomas R Marotta, Howard A Riina, Ian McDougall, Donald R Ricci, Monika Killer-Oberpfalzer
OBJECTIVE Intracranial bifurcation aneurysms are complex lesions for which current therapy, including simple coiling, balloon- or stent-assisted coiling, coil retention, or intrasaccular devices, is inadequate. Thromboembolic complications due to a large burden of intraluminal metal, impedance of access to side branches, and a high recurrence rate, due largely to the unmitigated high-pressure flow into the aneurysm (water hammer effect), are among the limitations imposed by current therapy. The authors describe herein a novel device, eCLIPs, and its use in a preclinical laboratory study that suggests the device's design and functional features may overcome many of these limitations...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303202/effects-of-deep-brain-stimulation-on-vocal-fold-immobility-in-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Elsa V Arocho-Quinones, Michael J Hammer, Jonathan M Bock, Peter A Pahapill
BACKGROUND: Vocal fold (VF) immobility is a rare, potentially fatal complication of advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). Previous reports suggest that subthalamic nucleus deep brain stimulation (STN-DBS) may influence laryngeal function, yet the role of STN-DBS on VF immobility remains unexplored. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report a case of a patient with advanced PD and bilateral VF immobility ultimately requiring a tracheostomy. To assess the effects of STN-DBS on vocal cord function and to correlate these effects with peripheral motor symptoms at different stimulation settings, the patient was evaluated before and after initiation of bilateral STN-DBS...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302328/experimental-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-mediated-rhino-sinusitis-in-mink
#14
S Kirkeby, A S Hammer, N Høiby, C M Salomonsen
OBJECTIVES: The nasal and sinus cavities in children may serve as reservoirs for microorganisms that cause recurrent and chronic lung infections. This study evaluates whether the mink can be used as an animal model for studying Pseudomonas aeruginosa mediated rhino-sinusitis since there is no suitable traditional animal model for this disease. METHODS: Nasal tissue samples from infected and control mink were fixed in formalin, demineralized, and embedded in paraffin...
December 27, 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301590/predictors-of-suicide-in-the-patient-population-admitted-to-a-locked-door-psychiatric-acute-ward
#15
Roar Fosse, Wenche Ryberg, Merete Kvalsvik Carlsson, Jan Hammer
OBJECTIVE: No prior study appears to have focused on predictors of suicide in the general patient population admitted to psychiatric acute wards. We used a case-control design to investigate the association between suicide risk factors assessed systematically at admission to a locked-door psychiatric acute ward in Norway and subsequent death by suicide. METHOD: From 2008 to 2013, patients were routinely assessed for suicide risk upon admission to the acute ward with a 17-item check list based on recommendations from the Norwegian Directorate of Health and Social Affairs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295511/gross-measurements-of-the-digestive-tract-and-visceral-organs-of-addax-antelope-addax-nasomaculatus-following-a-concentrate-or-forage-feeding-regime
#16
S A Tahas, O Martin Jurado, S Hammer, A Arif, S Reese, J-M Hatt, M Clauss
Differences in macroscopic measurements of the gastrointestinal tract have been hypothesized to correlate with the browser-grazer continuum in the natural diet of ruminants. However, to what extent these characteristics represent species-specific traits, or respond to the actually ingested diet, remains to be investigated. Twelve surplus addax antelope (Addax nasomaculatus) were divided into two groups and fed, for 3 months, either their usual diet, consisting of a concentrate feed with a limited amount of hay, or a diet of unlimited hay only...
March 12, 2017: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293522/a-case-report-of-the-first-nonburn-related-military-trauma-victim-treated-with-spray-skin-regenerative-therapy-in-combination-with-a-dermal-regenerate-template
#17
Ian L Valerio, Daniel A Hammer, Juan L Rendon, Kerry P Latham, Mark E Fleming
Massive soft tissue and skin loss secondary to war-related traumas are among the most frequently encountered challenges in the care of wounded warriors. This case report outlines the first military nonburn-related trauma patient treated by a combination of regenerative modalities. Our case employs spray skin technology to an established dermal regenerate matrix. Our patient, a 29-year-old active duty male, suffered a combat blast trauma in 2010 while deployed. The patient's treatment course was complicated by a severe necrotizing fasciitis infection requiring over 100 surgical procedures for disease control and reconstruction...
December 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292717/test-retest-reproducibility-of-quantitative-binding-measures-of-11-c-ro15-4513-a-pet-ligand-for-gabaa-receptors-containing-alpha5-subunits
#18
Colm J McGinnity, Daniela A Riaño Barros, Lula Rosso, Mattia Veronese, Gaia Rizzo, Alessandra Bertoldo, Rainer Hinz, Federico E Turkheimer, Matthias J Koepp, Alexander Hammers
INTRODUCTION: Alteration of γ-aminobutyric acid "A" (GABAA) receptor-mediated neurotransmission has been associated with various neurological and psychiatric disorders. [(11)C]Ro15-4513 is a PET ligand with high affinity for α5-subunit-containing GABAA receptors, which are highly expressed in limbic regions of the human brain (Sur et al., 1998). We quantified the test-retest reproducibility of measures of [(11)C]Ro15-4513 binding derived from six different quantification methods (12 variants)...
March 11, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291234/collocated-observations-of-cloud-condensation-nuclei-particle-size-distributions-and-chemical-composition
#19
Julia Schmale, Silvia Henning, Bas Henzing, Helmi Keskinen, Karine Sellegri, Jurgita Ovadnevaite, Aikaterini Bougiatioti, Nikos Kalivitis, Iasonas Stavroulas, Anne Jefferson, Minsu Park, Patrick Schlag, Adam Kristensson, Yoko Iwamoto, Kirsty Pringle, Carly Reddington, Pasi Aalto, Mikko Äijälä, Urs Baltensperger, Jakub Bialek, Wolfram Birmili, Nicolas Bukowiecki, Mikael Ehn, Ann Mari Fjæraa, Markus Fiebig, Göran Frank, Roman Fröhlich, Arnoud Frumau, Masaki Furuya, Emanuel Hammer, Liine Heikkinen, Erik Herrmann, Rupert Holzinger, Hiroyuki Hyono, Maria Kanakidou, Astrid Kiendler-Scharr, Kento Kinouchi, Gerard Kos, Markku Kulmala, Nikolaos Mihalopoulos, Ghislain Motos, Athanasios Nenes, Colin O'Dowd, Mikhail Paramonov, Tuukka Petäjä, David Picard, Laurent Poulain, André Stephan Henry Prévôt, Jay Slowik, Andre Sonntag, Erik Swietlicki, Birgitta Svenningsson, Hiroshi Tsurumaru, Alfred Wiedensohler, Cerina Wittbom, John A Ogren, Atsushi Matsuki, Seong Soo Yum, Cathrine Lund Myhre, Ken Carslaw, Frank Stratmann, Martin Gysel
Cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) number concentrations alongside with submicrometer particle number size distributions and particle chemical composition have been measured at atmospheric observatories of the Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research InfraStructure (ACTRIS) as well as other international sites over multiple years. Here, harmonized data records from 11 observatories are summarized, spanning 98,677 instrument hours for CCN data, 157,880 for particle number size distributions, and 70,817 for chemical composition data...
March 14, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290379/deep-tendon-reflex-the-background-story-of-a-simple-technique
#20
Kalyan B Bhattacharyya
Wilhelm Erb and Carl Otto Westphal from Prussia first described the knee jerk in the same issue of the journal Archiv für Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten in January 1875. This article retraces the history of development of 'deep tendon reflex' as an integral clinical sign during every neurological examination. The history of the evolving shapes of the reflex hammer, the iconic trademark and the ultimate signature of a neuroscientist, is also presented.
March 2017: Neurology India
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