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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806865/glucose-sensitive-holographic-bio-sensors-fundamentals-and-applications
#1
Marjan Heidari, Bahareh Dabirmanesh, Hossein Mahdavi, Khosro Khajeh
Nowadays sensors and especially biosensors play an important role in medical diagnosis and detection of food and environment contaminations. Biosensors’ facilities have been improved significantly by using technologies such as surface plasmon resonance, microfluidics, laser, and electrochemistry. These technologies are now available on chips in micro- and nano-scale and are capable of measuring the quantity of more than one analyte at once. One branch of these sensors is the holographic (bio)sensor. Reflection holographic sensors, which are optical devices fabricated based on Bragg’s law, can diffract light with specific wavelength as they absorb or release special ions or molecule depending on their polymer structure...
August 15, 2017: Iranian Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803469/chiral-ceramic-nanoparticles-of-tungsten-oxide-and-peptide-catalysis
#2
Shuang Jiang, Mahshid Chekini, Zhi-Bei Qu, Yichun Wang, Aydan Yeltik, Yuangang Liu, Alex Kotlyar, Tianyong Zhang, Bin Li, Hilmi Volkan Demir, Nicholas A Kotov
The chirality of nanoparticles (NPs) and their assemblies has been investigated predominantly for noble metals and II-VI semiconductors. However, ceramic NPs represent the majority of nanoscale materials in Nature. The robustness and other innate properties of ceramics offer technological opportunities in catalysis, biomedical sciences, and optics. Here we report the preparation of chiral ceramic NPs, as represented by tungsten oxide hydrate, WO3-x·H2O, dispersed in ethanol. The chirality of the metal oxide core, with an average size of ca 1...
August 12, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802948/modelling-the-toxicity-of-a-large-set-of-metal-and-metal-oxide-nanoparticles-using-the-ochem-platform
#3
Vasyl Kovalishyn, Natalia Abramenko, Iryna Kopernyk, Larysa Charochkina, Larysa Metelytsia, Igor V Tetko, Willie Peijnenburg, Leonid Kustov
Inorganic nanomaterials have become one of the new areas of modern knowledge and technology and have already found an increasing number of applications. However, some nanoparticles show toxicity to living organisms, and can potentially have a negative influence on environmental ecosystems. While toxicity can be determined experimentally, such studies are time consuming and costly. Computational toxicology can provide an alternative approach and there is a need to develop methods to reliably assess Quantitative Structure-Property Relationships for nanomaterials (nano-QSPRs)...
August 9, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796831/the-species-origin-of-the-serum-in-the-culture-medium-influences-the-in-vitro-toxicity-of-silica-nanoparticles-to-hepg2-cells
#4
Cédric Pisani, Estelle Rascol, Christophe Dorandeu, Jean-Charles Gaillard, Clarence Charnay, Yannick Guari, Joël Chopineau, Jean Armengaud, Jean-Marie Devoisselle, Odette Prat
The formation of a protein corona around nanoparticles can influence their toxicity, triggering cellular responses that may be totally different from those elicited by pristine nanoparticles. The main objective of this study was to investigate whether the species origin of the serum proteins forming the corona influences the in vitro toxicity assessment of silica nanoparticles. Coronas were preformed around nanoparticles before cell exposures by incubation in fetal bovine (FBS) or human (HS) serum. The compositions of these protein coronas were assessed by nano-LC MS/MS...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796540/recent-advances-in-targeted-delivery-of-tissue-plasminogen-activator-for-enhanced-thrombolysis-in-ischemic-stroke
#5
Masumeh Zamanlu, Mehdi Farhoudi, Morteza Eskandani, Javad Mahmoudi, Jaleh Barar, Mohammad Rafi, Yadollah Omidi
Tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) is the only FDA approved medical treatment for the ischemic stroke. However, it associates with some inevitable limitations, including: short therapeutic window, extremely short half-life and low penetration in large clots. Systemic administration (i.v./i.a.) may lead to complications such as hemorrhagic conversion in the brain and relapse in the form of re-occlusion. Furthermore, ultrasound has been utilized in combination with contrast agents, echogenic liposome, microspheres or nanoparticles carrying tPA for improving thrombolysis - an approach that has resulted in slight improvement of tPA delivery and facilitated thrombolysis...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Drug Targeting
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792423/novel-%C3%AE-tcp-pva-bilayered-hydrogels-with-considerable-physical-and-bio-functional-properties-for-osteochondral-repair
#6
Hang Yao, Junpei Kang, Weichang Li, Jian Liu, Renjian Xie, Yingjun Wang, Sa Liu, Dong An Wang, Li Ren
Cartilage repairing graft had been widely studied and the osteochondral replacement hydrogels were proved to be an excellent method in research and clinical. However, it was difficult to solve three main issues in osteochondral replacement preparation at one time: surface lubrication, overall mechanical support and good simulations of cell regeneration. A novel integrated bilayered hydrogel osteochondral replacement was constructed by blending polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP) in this study...
August 9, 2017: Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791515/a-multiscale-fluidic-device-for-the-study-of-dendrite-mediated-cell-to-cell-communication
#7
Sean McCutcheon, Robert Majeska, Mitchell Schaffler, Maribel Vazquez
Many cell types communicate by means of dendritic extensions via a multi-tiered set of geometric and chemical cues. Until recently, mimicking the compartmentalized in vivo cellular environment of dendrite-expressing cells such as osteocytes and motor neurons in a spatially and temporally controllable manner was limited by the challenges of in vitro device fabrication at submicron scales. Utilizing the improved resolution of current fabrication technology, we have designed a multiscale device, the Macro-micro-nano system, or Mμn, composed of two distinct cell-seeding and interrogation compartments separated by a nanochannel array...
August 8, 2017: Biomedical Microdevices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783194/rapid-all-dry-microfabrication-of-three-dimensional-co3o4-pt-nanonetworks-for-high-performance-microsupercapacitors
#8
Xinyu Ma, Shuxuan Feng, Liang He, Mengyu Yan, Xiaocong Tian, Yanxi Li, Chunjuan Tang, Xufeng Hong, Liqiang Mai
On-chip electrochemical energy storage devices have attracted growing attention due to the decreasing size of electronic devices. Various approaches have been applied for constructing the microsupercapacitors. However, the microfabrication of high-performance microsupercapacitors by conventional and fully compatible semiconductor microfabrication technologies is still a critical challenge. Herein, unique three-dimensional (3D) Co3O4 nanonetwork microelectrodes formed by the interconnection of Co3O4 nanosheets are constructed by controllable physical vapor deposition combined with rapid thermal annealing...
August 7, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782570/nanomedicine-and-advanced-technologies-for-burns-preventing-infection-and-facilitating-wound-healing
#9
Mirza Ali Mofazzal Jahromi, Parham Sahandi Zangabad, Seyed Masoud Moosavi Basri, Keyvan Sahandi Zangabad, Ameneh Ghamarypour, Amir R Aref, Mahdi Karimi, Michael R Hamblin
According to the latest report from the World Health Organization, an estimated 265,000 deaths still occur every year as a direct result of burn injuries. A widespread range of these deaths induced by burn wound happens in low- and middle-income countries, where survivors face a lifetime of morbidity. Most of the deaths occur due to infections when a high percentage of the external regions of the body area is affected. Microbial nutrient availability, skin barrier disruption, and vascular supply destruction in burn injuries as well as systemic immunosuppression are important parameters that cause burns to be susceptible to infections...
August 3, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780997/electrochemical-carbon-based-nanosensors-a-promising-tool-in-pharmaceutical-and-biomedical-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Sevinc Kurbanoglu, Sibel A Ozkan
Nanotechnology has become very popular in the sensor fields in recent times. It is thought that the utilization of such technologies, as well as the use of nanosized materials, could well have beneficial effects for the performance of sensors. Nano-sized materials have been shown to have a number of novel and interesting physical and chemical properties. Low-dimensional nanometer-sized materials and systems have defined a new research area in condensed-matter physics within past decades. Apart from the aforesaid categories of materials, there exist various materials of different types for fabricating nanosensors...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780331/preparation-of-lipid-nanoparticles-with-high-loading-capacity-and-exceptional-gastrointestinal-stability-for-potential-oral-delivery-applications
#11
Taoran Wang, Jingyi Xue, Qiaobin Hu, Mingyong Zhou, Yangchao Luo
Exploitation of lipid nanoparticles for oral delivery of nutrients and drugs is limited by their poor stability under gastrointestinal tract and low loading capacity, unless a high concentration of synthetic surfactants is formulated. The main objective of present study is to design a series of new formulations for solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) and nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) that are suitable for potential oral delivery applications, using natural biopolymers, i.e. sodium caseinate (NaCas) as emulsifier and pectin as coating, with minimal addition of a synthetic surfactant, Tween 80...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777539/stoichiometry-and-dispersity-of-dna-nanostructures-using-photobleaching-pair-correlation-analysis
#12
Amani A Hariri, Graham D Hamblin, Jack S Hardwick, Robert Godin, Jean-Francois Desjardins, Paul W Wiseman, Hanadi F Sleiman, Gonzalo Cosa
A wide variety of approaches have become available for fabricating nanomaterials with increasing degrees of complexity, precision, and speed while minimizing cost. Their quantitative characterization however remains a challenge. Analytical methods to better inspect and validate the structure/composition of large nanoscale objects are required to optimize their applications in diverse technologies. Here we describe single molecule fluorescence-based strategies relying on photobleaching and multiple color colocalization features toward the characterization of supramolecular structures...
August 4, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777502/carbon-nanomaterials-in-biological-studies-and-biomedicine
#13
REVIEW
Nagappa L Teradal, Raz Jelinek
The "carbon nano-world" has made over the past few decades huge contributions in diverse scientific disciplines and technological advances. While dramatic advances have been widely publicized in using carbon nanomaterials such as fullerenes, carbon nanotubes, and graphene in materials sciences, nano-electronics, and photonics, their contributions to biology and biomedicine have been noteworthy as well. This Review focuses on the use of carbon nanotubes (CNTs), graphene, and carbon quantum dots [encompassing graphene quantum dots (GQDs) and carbon dots (C-dots)] in biologically oriented materials and applications...
August 4, 2017: Advanced Healthcare Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28773149/using-biotechnology-to-solve-engineering-problems-non-destructive-testing-of-microfabrication-components
#14
Carla C C R de Carvalho, Patrick L Inácio, Rosa M Miranda, Telmo G Santos
In an increasingly miniaturised technological world, non-destructive testing (NDT) methodologies able to detect defects at the micro scale are necessary to prevent failures. Although several existing methods allow the detection of defects at that scale, their application may be hindered by the small size of the samples to examine. In this study, the application of bacterial cells to help the detection of fissures, cracks, and voids on the surface of metals is proposed. The application of magnetic and electric fields after deposition of the cells ensured the distribution of the cells over the entire surfaces and helped the penetration of the cells inside the defects...
July 12, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772910/in-situ-production-of-copper-oxide-nanoparticles-in-a-binary-molten-salt-for-concentrated-solar-power-plant-applications
#15
Mathieu Lasfargues, Graham Stead, Muhammad Amjad, Yulong Ding, Dongsheng Wen
Seeding nanoparticles in molten salts has been shown recently as a promising way to improve their thermo-physical properties. The prospect of such technology is of interest to both academic and industrial sectors in order to enhance the specific heat capacity of molten salt. The latter is used in concentrated solar power plants as both heat transfer fluid and sensible storage. This work explores the feasibility of producing and dispersing nanoparticles with a novel one pot synthesis method. Using such a method, CuO nanoparticles were produced in situ via the decomposition of copper sulphate pentahydrate in a KNO₃-NaNO₃ binary salt...
May 19, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772861/calcium-silicate-chitosan-coated-electrospun-poly-lactic-acid-fibers-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#16
Chu-Jung Su, Ming-Gene Tu, Li-Ju Wei, Tuan-Ti Hsu, Chia-Tze Kao, Tsui-Han Chen, Tsui-Hsien Huang
Electrospinning technology allows fabrication of nano- or microfibrous fibers with inorganic and organic matrix and it is widely applied in bone tissue engineering as it allows precise control over the shapes and structures of the fibers. Natural bone has an ordered composition of organic fibers with dispersion of inorganic apatite among them. In this study, poly (lactic acid) (PLA) mats were fabricated with electrospinning and coated with chitosan (CH)/calcium silicate (CS) mixer. The microstructure, chemical component, and contact angle of CS/CH-PLA composites were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy...
May 5, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772697/calcium-phosphate-bioceramics-a-review-of-their-history-structure-properties-coating-technologies-and-biomedical-applications
#17
REVIEW
Noam Eliaz, Noah Metoki
Calcium phosphate (CaP) bioceramics are widely used in the field of bone regeneration, both in orthopedics and in dentistry, due to their good biocompatibility, osseointegration and osteoconduction. The aim of this article is to review the history, structure, properties and clinical applications of these materials, whether they are in the form of bone cements, paste, scaffolds, or coatings. Major analytical techniques for characterization of CaPs, in vitro and in vivo tests, and the requirements of the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and international standards from CaP coatings on orthopedic and dental endosseous implants, are also summarized, along with the possible effect of sterilization on these materials...
March 24, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772406/the-utilization-of-graphene-oxide-in-traditional-construction-materials-asphalt
#18
Wenbo Zeng, Shaopeng Wu, Ling Pang, Yihan Sun, Zongwu Chen
In the advanced research fields of solar cell and energy storing materials, graphene and graphene oxide (GO) are two of the most promising materials due to their high specific surface area, and excellent electrical and physical properties. However, they was seldom studied in the traditional materials because of their high cost. Nowadays, graphene and GO are much cheaper than before with the development of production technologies, which provides the possibility of using these extraordinary materials in the traditional construction industry...
January 7, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756092/membrane-wound-healing-at-single-cellular-level
#19
Rehana Afrin, Masakazu Saito, Takahiro Watanabe-Nakayama, Atsushi Ikai
We report a nano-technological method of creating a micrometer sized hole on the live cell membrane using atomic force microscope (AFM) and its resealing process at the single cellular level as a model of molecular level wound healing. First, the cell membrane was fluorescently labeled with Kusabira Orange (KO) which was tagged to a lipophilic membrane-sorting peptide. Then a glass bead glued on an AFM cantilever and modified with phospholipase A2 was made to contact the cell membrane. A small dark hole (4-14 μm(2) in area) was created on the otherwise fluorescent cell surface often being accompanied by bleb formation...
July 26, 2017: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754916/self-powered-pressure-sensor-with-fully-encapsulated-3d-printed-wavy-substrate-and-highly-aligned-piezoelectric-fibers-array
#20
Yiin Kuen Fuh, Bo Sheng Wang, Chen-Yu Tsai
Near-field electrospinning (NFES) is capable of precisely deposit one-dimensional (1D) or two-dimensional (2D) highly aligned micro/nano fibers (NMFs) by electrically discharged a polymer solution. In this paper, a new integration of three-dimensional (3D) architectures of NFES electrospun polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) NMFs with the 3D printed topologically tailored substrate are demonstrated in a direct-write and in-situ poled manner, called wavy- substrate self-powered sensors (WSS). The fabrication steps are composed of the additive manufacture of 3D printed flexible and sinusoidal wavy substrate, metallization and NFES electrospun fibers in the 3D topology...
July 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
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