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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161651/enhanced-anticancer-effect-of-fabricated-gallic-acid-cds-on-the-rgo-nanosheets-on-human-glomerular-mesangial-ip15-and-epithelial-proximal-hk2-kidney-cell-lines-cytotoxicity-investigations
#1
Wei Peng, Pengcheng Luo, Dingwen Gui, Weidong Jiang, Haixia Wu, Jie Zhang
In spite of the technological innovation in the biomedical science, cancer remains a critical disease. In this study, we designed a gallic acid/cadmium sulfide (GA/CdS) nanocomposite fabricated on the reduced graphene oxide (GA/CdS-rGO) nanosheets for the treatment system of human kidney cancer cells. The GA/CdS-rGO nanosheets have been prepared using gallic acid as a reducing agent. The characterization of nanocomposites was studied using UV-Vis spectroscope, FT-IR, XRD, SEM and TEM. The microscopic images showed the spherical shape and nano-scaled CdS nanoparticles on the sheet like rGO nanomaterials...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155026/personalized-nanomedicine-for-cns-diseases
#2
REVIEW
Ajeet Kaushik, Rahul Dev Jayant, Vinay Bhardwaj, Madhavan Nair
Central nervous system (CNS) diseases are rapidly increasing globally. Currently used therapeutic agents to treat CNS diseases exhibit significant efficacy. However, the inability of these drugs to cross the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and invasiveness of the technologies to achieve localized drug delivery in disease-specific parts of the brain have thwarted pain-free and complete treatment of CNS diseases. Therefore, the safe, non-invasive, and targeted delivery of drugs to the brain using nanoparticles (NPs) is currently receiving considerable research attention...
November 15, 2017: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150808/monitoring-enzymatic-degradation-of-emerging-contaminants-using-a-chip-based-robotic-nano-esi-ms-tool
#3
Lara F Stadlmair, Thomas Letzel, Johanna Graßmann
Up to now, knowledge of enzymes capable of degrading various contaminants of emerging concern (CEC) is limited, which is especially due to the lack of rapid screening methods. Thus, a miniaturized high-throughput setup using a chip-based robotic nanoelectrospray ionization system coupled to mass spectrometry has been developed to rapidly screen enzymatic reactions with environmentally relevant CECs. Three laccases, two tyrosinases, and two peroxidases were studied for their ability to transform ten pharmaceuticals and benzotriazole...
November 17, 2017: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148808/detection-of-short-waved-spin-waves-in-individual-microscopic-spin-wave-waveguides-using-the-inverse-spin-hall-effect
#4
Thomas Brächer, Mathieu Fabre, Thomas Meyer, Tobias Fischer, Stéphane Auffret, Olivier Boulle, Ursula Ebels, Philipp Pirro, Gilles Gaudin
The miniaturization of CMOS devices becomes increasingly difficult due to fundamental limitations and the increase of leakage currents. Large research efforts are devoted to find alternative concepts that allow for a larger data-density and lower power consumption than conventional semiconductor approaches. Spin waves have been identified as a potential technology that can complement and outperform CMOS in complex logic applications, profiting from the fact that these waves enable wave computing on the nano-scale...
November 17, 2017: Nano Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147099/changes-in-quality-characteristics-of-pork-patties-containing-antioxidative-fish-skin-peptide-or-fish-skin-peptide-loaded-nanoliposomes-during-refrigerated-storage
#5
Jing-Jing Bai, Jung-Gyu Lee, Sang-Yoon Lee, Soojin Kim, Mi-Jung Choi, Youngjae Cho
Marine fish skin peptides (FSP) have been widely studied due to their antioxidant and antimicrobial properties. We aimed to use a natural antioxidant, FSP, to replacing synthetic preservatives in a pork patty model, which is safer for human body. Moreover, nano-liposome technology can be applied for masking the fishy smell and improving the stability of this peptide. Therefore, in this study, the effects of FSP and FSP-loaded liposomes (FSPL) on pork patty were evaluated through the tests of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), color, cooking loss, texture, volatile basic nitrogen (VBN), and the pH value, during 14 d of refrigerated (4°C) storage...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137776/effect-of-ultrasound-treatment-on-the-properties-of-nano-emulsion-films-obtained-from-hazelnut-meal-protein-and-clove-essential-oil
#6
Osman Gul, Furkan Turker Saricaoglu, Aysegul Besir, Ilyas Atalar, Fehmi Yazici
Hazelnut meal protein (4% (w/v)) and clove essential oil (CEO) (3% (v/v)) were homogenized with ultrasound (US) at different times (2, 4 and 6 min) and amplitudes (50, 75 and 100%) to obtain nano-emulsion films. Film forming nano-emulsions (FFNs) were analyzed for average particle size (Dz) and zeta potential, and edible film characterization were evaluated depending on US treatment, as well as antibacterial and antioxidant activities. Dz values and zeta potential of FFNs decreased with increasing acoustic energy delivered to nano-emulsion system...
March 2018: Ultrasonics Sonochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133172/measuring-the-emulsification-dynamics-and-stability-of-self-emulsifying-drug-delivery-systems
#7
Teófilo Vasconcelos, Sara Marques, Bruno Sarmento
Self-emulsifying drug delivery systems (SEDDS) are one of the most promising technologies in the drug delivery field, particularly for addressing solubility and bioavailability issues of drugs. The development of these drug carriers excessively relies in visual observations and indirect determinations. The present manuscript intended to describe a method able to measure the emulsification of SEDDS, both micro and nano-emulsions, able to measure the droplet size and to evaluate the physical stability of these formulations...
November 10, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128846/tissue-adhesive-fk506-loaded-polymeric-nanoparticles-for-multi-layered-nano-shielding-of-pancreatic-islets-to-enhance-xenograft-survival-in-a-diabetic-mouse-model
#8
Tung Thanh Pham, Tiep Tien Nguyen, Shiva Pathak, Shobha Regmi, Hanh Thuy Nguyen, Tuan Hiep Tran, Chul Soon Yong, Jong Oh Kim, Pil-Hoon Park, Min Hui Park, Young Kyung Bae, Jeong Uk Choi, Youngro Byun, Cheol-Hee Ahn, Simmyung Yook, Jee-Heon Jeong
This study aims to develop a novel surface modification technology to prolong the survival time of pancreatic islets in a xenogenic transplantation model, using 3,4-dihydroxyphenethylamine (DOPA) conjugated poly(lactide-co-glycolide)-poly(ethylene glycol) (PLGA-PEG) nanoparticles (DOPA-NPs) carrying immunosuppressant FK506 (FK506/DOPA-NPs). The functionalized DOPA-NPs formed a versatile coating layer for antigen camouflage without interfering the viability and functionality of islets. The coating layer effectively preserved the morphology and viability of islets in a co-culture condition with xenogenic lymphocytes for 7 days...
November 1, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124979/mesoporous-carbon-nanomaterials-in-drug-delivery-and-biomedical-application
#9
Qinfu Zhao, Yuanzhe Lin, Ning Han, Xian Li, Hongjian Geng, Xiudan Wang, Yu Cui, Siling Wang
Recent development of nano-technology provides highly efficient and versatile treatment methods to achieve better therapeutic efficacy and lower side effects of malignant cancer. The exploration of drug delivery systems (DDSs) based on nano-material shows great promise in translating nano-technology to clinical use to benefit patients. As an emerging inorganic nanomaterial, mesoporous carbon nanomaterials (MCNs) possess both the mesoporous structure and the carbonaceous composition, endowing them with superior nature compared with mesoporous silica nanomaterials and other carbon-based materials, such as carbon nanotube, graphene and fullerene...
2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124842/porous-polyelectrolytes-charge-pores-for-more-functionalities
#10
Weiyi Zhang, Qiang Zhao, Jiayin Yuan
The past decade has witnessed rapid advances in porous polyelectrolytes and there is tremendous ongoing interest in their synthesis and applications in environment, energy, biomedicine and catalysis. The porous polyelectrolytes research is motivated by the synergy of, apart from the flexible choice of functional organic groups and processing technologies, the charge and pores spanning length scales from individual polyelectrolyte backbones to their nano/micro superstructures. This review surveys recent progresses on porous polyelectrolytes including membranes, particles, scaffolds, high surface area powders/resins, and their derivatives...
November 9, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124094/a-novel-reversible-logic-gate-and-its-systematic-approach-to-implement-cost-efficient-arithmetic-logic-circuits-using-qca
#11
Peer Zahoor Ahmad, S M K Quadri, Firdous Ahmad, Ali Newaz Bahar, Ghulam Mohammad Wani, Shafiq Maqbool Tantary
Quantum-dot cellular automata, is an extremely small size and a powerless nanotechnology. It is the possible alternative to current CMOS technology. Reversible QCA logic is the most important issue at present time to reduce power losses. This paper presents a novel reversible logic gate called the F-Gate. It is simplest in design and a powerful technique to implement reversible logic. A systematic approach has been used to implement a novel single layer reversible Full-Adder, Full-Subtractor and a Full Adder-Subtractor using the F-Gate...
December 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122678/exosomes-and-cardioprotection-a-critical-analysis
#12
REVIEW
Sean M Davidson, Derek M Yellon
Exosomes are nano-sized vesicles released by numerous cell types that appear to have diverse beneficial effects on the injured heart. Studies using exosomes from stem cells or from the blood have indicated that they are able to protect the heart both in models of acute ischaemia and reperfusion, and during chronic ischaemia. In addition to decreasing initial infarct size, they are able to stimulate angiogenesis, reduce fibrosis and remodelling, alter immune cell function and improve long-term cardiac contractile function...
November 6, 2017: Molecular Aspects of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119943/an-appraisal-on-various-methods-of-nano-particulate-formulations
#13
Bindu Dhiman, Divtrannum Bhalla, Anju Dhiman, Sapna Saini
Nanotechnology has gained a great deal of public interest due to the needs and applications of nanomaterials in many areas of human endeavours such as industry, agriculture, business, medicine, public health amongst many others. Nanotechnology includes the integration of these nanoscale structures into larger material components and systems, keeping the control and construction of new and improved materials at the nanoscale. Biological nanoparticles are mainly developed for drug delivery systems as an alternative to liposomal technology, in order to overcome the problems related to the stability of these vesicles in biological fluids and during the storage...
November 8, 2017: Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119446/nano-micro-formulations-for-bacteriophage-delivery
#14
Pilar Cortés, Mary Cano-Sarabia, Joan Colom, Jennifer Otero, Daniel Maspoch, Montserrat Llagostera
Encapsulation methodologies allow the protection of bacteriophages for overcoming critical environmental conditions. Moreover, they improve the stability and the controlled delivery of bacteriophages which is of great innovative value in bacteriophage therapy. Here, two different encapsulation methodologies of bacteriophages are described using two biocompatible materials: a lipid cationic mixture and a combination of alginate with the antacid CaCO3. To perform bacteriophage encapsulation, a purified lysate highly concentrated (around 10(10)-10(11) pfu/mL) is necessary, and to dispose of a specific equipment...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112365/nanopyroxene-grafting-with-%C3%AE-cyclodextrin-monomer-for-wastewater-applications
#15
Ghada Nafie, Gerardo Vitale, Lante Carbognani Ortega, Nashaat N Nassar
Emerging nanoparticle technology provides opportunities for environmentally friendly wastewater treatment applications, including those in the large liquid tailings containments in the Alberta oil sands. In this study, we synthesize β-cyclodextrin grafted nanopyroxenes to offer an ecofriendly platform for the selective removal of organic compounds typically present in these types of applications. We carry out computational modeling at the micro level through molecular mechanics and molecular dynamics simulations and laboratory experiments at the macro level to understand the interactions between the synthesized nanomaterials and two-model naphthenic acid molecules (cyclopentanecarboxylic and trans-4-pentylcyclohexanecarboxylic acids) typically existing in tailing ponds...
November 17, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107047/moisture-induced-amorphous-phase-separation-of-amorphous-solid-dispersions-molecular-mechanism-microstructure-and-its-impact-on-dissolution-performance
#16
Huijun Chen, Yipshu Pui, Chengyu Liu, Zhen Chen, Ching-Chiang Su, Michael Hageman, Munir Hussain, Roy Haskell, Kevin Stefanski, Kimberly Foster, Olafur Gudmundsson, Feng Qian
Amorphous phase separation (APS) is commonly observed in amorphous solid dispersions (ASD) when exposed to moisture. The objective of this study was to investigate: 1) the phase behavior of amorphous solid dispersions composed of a poorly water-soluble drug with extremely low crystallization propensity, BMS-817399, and PVP, following exposure to different relative humidity (RH), and 2) the impact of phase separation on the intrinsic dissolution rate of amorphous solid dispersion. Drug-polymer interaction was confirmed in ASDs at different drug loading using Infrared (IR) spectroscopy and water vapor sorption analysis...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100265/nano-drug-for-pain-medicine
#17
Farshad Hasanzadeh-Kiabi
Pain is commonly categorized into two diverse groups: acute pain, characterized by early onset and last for a very short time; while chronic pain, characterized by a prolonged pain for least 3 months' duration. Timely and immediate management of critical pain is critical in reducing its aggravation to chronic pain. There has been successful application of nano-technology, nano-medicine to the treatment and management of pain both in clinical and experimental studies like the fabrication of nano-formulated liposomes to deliver drugs for pain therapy, formulation of non- steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)...
November 3, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096504/modelling-realistic-tio2-nanospheres-a-benchmark-study-of-scc-dftb-against-hybrid-dft
#18
Daniele Selli, Gianluca Fazio, Cristiana Di Valentin
TiO2 nanoparticles (NPs) are nowadays considered fundamental building blocks for many technological applications. Morphology is found to play a key role with spherical NPs presenting higher binding properties and chemical activity. From the experimental point of view, the characterization of these nano-objects is extremely complex, opening a large room for computational investigations. In this work, TiO2 spherical NPs of different sizes (from 300 to 4000 atoms) have been studied with a two-scale computational approach...
October 28, 2017: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094919/dual-band-modulation-of-visible-and-near-infrared-light-transmittance-in-an-all-solution-processed-hybrid-micro-nano-composite-film
#19
Xiao Liang, Mei Chen, Shumeng Guo, Lanying Zhang, Fasheng Li, Huai Yang
Smart windows with controllable visible and near-infrared light transmittance can significantly improve the building's energy efficiency and inhabitant comfort. However, most of the current smart window technology cannot achieve the target of ideal solar control. Herein, we present a novel all-solution-processed hybrid micronano composite smart material that have four optical states to separately modulate the visible and NIR light transmittance through voltage and temperature, respectively. This dual-band optical modulation was achieved by constructing a phase-separated polymer framework, which contains the microsized liquid crystals domains with a negative dielectric constant and tungsten-doped vanadium dioxide (W-VO2) nanocrystals (NCs)...
November 10, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069613/toxic-effects-of-nanomaterial-adsorbed-cadmium-on-daphnia-magna
#20
Minling Gao, Ze Zhang, Mengting Lv, Wenhua Song, Yuhua Lv
Chemical immobilization technologies involving the use of chemical absorbents such as nanomaterials have been recommended for the remediation of Cd-contaminated water and soil. The impact of nanomaterials or nanomaterials coexisting with other contaminants on aquatic organisms has been reported, but information on the toxic effects of nanomaterial-adsorbed cadmium (Nano-Cd) on aquatic organisms is lacking. This study aimed to investigate the acute and sub-acute toxicity of Nano-Cd on Daphnia magna by using a method developed based on the standard Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) 202 guidelines...
October 22, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
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