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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672997/sexual-activity-and-quality-of-life-in-japanese-pelvic-organ-prolapse-patients-after-transvaginal-mesh-surgery
#1
Manami Kinjo, Yasukuni Yoshimura, Yasuhide Kitagawa, Takatsugu Okegawa, Kikuo Nutahara
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate sexual activity and quality of life (QOL) after transvaginal mesh (TVM) surgery in Japanese patients with pelvic organ prolapse (POP). The objective cure rate and associated complications were also investigated. METHODS: The cases of patients who underwent TVM surgery were retrospectively analyzed. QOL was assessed using the Prolapse Quality of Life Questionnaire (P-QOL), and sexual function was evaluated using the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) before surgery and 12 months after surgery...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670883/video-assisted-mini-open-sublay-vamos-a-simple-hybrid-approach-for-lateral-incisional-hernias
#2
Robert Schwab, Joachim Sahm, Arnulf Gregor Willms
Purpose: The purpose is to present a new hybrid approach of lateral incisional hernia repair associated with reduced operative trauma and anatomically optimal mesh placement. Methods: Video-Assisted Mini-Open Sublay (VAMOS) consists of a laparoscopic atraumatic dissection of the hernia sac, diaphanoscopy, laparoscopically-assisted closure of the fascial gap and mesh placement in sublay position through a minimized skin incision. Feasibility of this concept was assessed in a cohort of 7 consecutive patients...
2018: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660797/repair-of-a-giant-omphalocele-in-an-infant-with-a-pericardial-implant-crosslinked-with-oligourethane
#3
Juan Vargas-Mancilla, María A Torrero-Serrato, Aarón J Palacios-Rodríguez, Gloria B Rodríguez-de León, Metzeri I Montes-Rodríguez, Birzabith Mendoza-Novelo
The giant omphalocele (GO) represents a challenge for the pediatric surgeon in its management and wall abdominoplasty. Here, we report the outcome of a case in which a GO in a newborn patient was repaired with an implant derived from decellularized bovine pericardium crosslinked with oligourethane. The implantation time was extended for 6 months. This was then followed up by the retrieval of the implant and the subsequent reconstruction in a second surgical time by the closure of the abdominal wall fascia...
April 16, 2018: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652321/-cytokines-in-surgery-for-pulmonary-tuberculosis
#4
S A Belov, A A Grigoryuk
AIM: To evaluate the effect of various methods of thoracoplasty on local production of cytokines in patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The main group consisted of patients after traditional thoracoplasty. Thoracoplasty was compared with endoprosthesis of polypropylene mesh 'Surgipro - SPMM-149'. TNF-α and IL-10 cytokines in exudate from surgical area were measured by using of solid-phase enzyme immunoassay (OOO 'Vector-Best', Russia). RESULTS: It was revealed that local production of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines is more pronounced after thoracoplasty with polypropylene mesh 'Surgipro - SPMM-149'...
2018: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652238/challenge-of-handling-a-charcot-spinal-arthropathy-with-a-novel-hybrid-fibular-autograft-and-expandable-cage
#5
Nissim Ohana, Daniel Benharroch, Dimitri Sheinis
A 26-year-old man, who was paraplegic for 6 years due to a motor vehicle accident, presented to the authors' clinic following his incapacity to withstand a sitting posture, the frequent sensation of "clicks" in his back, and a complaint of back pain while in his wheelchair. On imaging, his dorsal spine showed a complete arthrodesis of the primarily fused vertebrae. However, distal to this segment, a Charcot spinal arthropathy with subluxation of T12-L1 was evident. Repair of this complex, uncommon, late complication of his paraplegia by the frequently used fusion techniques was shown to be inappropriate...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596507/comparison-of-the-immune-response-during-acute-and-chronic-staphylococcus-aureus-infection
#6
Rebecca A Brady, Christopher P Mocca, Roger D Plaut, Kazuyo Takeda, Drusilla L Burns
Staphylococcus aureus bacteria are able to grow in a planktonic state that is associated with acute infections and in biofilms that are associated with chronic infections. Acute infections, such as skin infections, are often self-limiting. However, chronic infections, such as implant infections, can be difficult to clear and may require surgical intervention. The host immune response may contribute to the different outcomes often associated with these two disease types. We used proteomic arrays and two murine models for an initial, descriptive characterization of the contribution of the host immune response to outcomes of acute versus chronic S...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596090/using-mesh-to-reinforce-the-abdominal-wall-in-abdominal-free-flaps-for-breast-reconstruction-is-there-a-benefit-what-are-the-risks
#7
Daniel Sotelo Leon, Rahim Nazerali, Gordon Kwanlyp Lee
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal wall integrity may be compromised after abdominal flap harvest for breast reconstruction, leading to bulging or herniation due to weakening of the abdominal wall and dissection through the rectus muscle. Mesh can be used to reinforce the abdominal wall to reduce the risk of hernia formation postoperatively, especially in patients who may be at high risk. In this study, we describe this institution's experience with the use of mesh in the abdominal wall and critically evaluate its impact on patient outcomes and complications...
May 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582804/laparoscopic-repair-for-parastomal-hernia-with-ongoing-barbed-suture-followed-by-sandwich-technique-sandwich-plus-technique
#8
Reiko Wiessner, Thomas Vorwerk, Alexander Gehring
The incidence of parastomal hernias after a permanent stoma is between 50% and 80% depending on the type of stoma, the definition of the hernia (clinical or radiological), and the length of the follow-up. Surgical therapy is complex and involves several techniques with different recurrence rates. We present three cases where we have closed the hernia gap with continuous, non-resorbable, self-retaining sutures with subsequent use of the sandwich technique ('Sandwich-plus-technique'). There were pronounced parastomal hernias in three female patients (mean age was 72 years and the range was 63-78 years) with permanent colostomata...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579555/mechanical-behavior-of-surgical-meshes-for-abdominal-wall-repair-in-vivo-versus-biaxial-characterization
#9
R Simón-Allué, A Ortillés, B Calvo
Despite the widespread use of synthetic meshes in the surgical treatment of the hernia pathology, the election criteria of a suitable mesh for specific patient continues to be uncertain. Thus, in this work, we propose a methodology to determine in advance potential disadvantages on the use of certain meshes based on the patient-specific abdominal geometry and the mechanical features of the certain meshes. To that purpose, we have first characterized the mechanical behavior of four synthetic meshes through biaxial tests...
March 14, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566470/management-based-on-grading-of-animation-deformity-following-implant-based-subpectoral-breast-reconstruction
#10
Raghavan Vidya, Habib Tafazal, Fathi Salem, Fahad Mujtaba Iqbal, Tapan Sircar
Subpectoral breast reconstruction using implants and meshes have been used widely in Europe, the United States and the United Kingdom. Although this technique has several advantages, animation deformity is a well-documented problem. We propose a new grading system to classify breast animation in patients undergoing subpectoral implant based breast reconstruction. We also discuss different techniques to avoid and correct animation deformity.
March 2018: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562916/integration-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-endothelial-cells-with-polycaprolactone-gelatin-based-electrospun-scaffolds-for-enhanced-therapeutic-angiogenesis
#11
Richard P Tan, Alex H P Chan, Katarina Lennartsson, Maria M Miravet, Bob S L Lee, Jelena Rnjak-Kovacina, Zoe E Clayton, John P Cooke, Martin K C Ng, Sanjay Patel, Steven G Wise
BACKGROUND: Induced pluripotent stem-cell derived endothelial cells (iPSC-ECs) can be generated from any somatic cell and their iPSC sources possess unlimited self-renewal. Previous demonstration of their proangiogenic activity makes them a promising cell type for treatment of ischemic injury. As with many other stem cell approaches, the low rate of in-vivo survival has been a major limitation to the efficacy of iPSC-ECs to date. In this study, we aimed to increase the in-vivo lifetime of iPSC-ECs by culturing them on electrospun polycaprolactone (PCL)/gelatin scaffolds, before quantifying the subsequent impact on their proangiogenic function...
March 21, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559047/laparoscopic-experience-for-recurrent-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-a-single-center-for-14-years
#12
Jing Sun, Wenrui Wang, Jianwen Li, Fei Yue, Bo Feng, Ji Wang, Minggang Wang
Laparoscopic techniques are now well pervading in the treatment of inguinal hernia. This study aims to investigate the laparoscopic strategy for recurrent inguinal hernia repair. Laparoscopic technique was retrospectively applied to 330 patients with 352 recurrent inguinal hernias in the past 14 years. The surgical strategies were further evaluated. There were 22 cases with bilateral recurrent hernias, whereas the rest 308 cases with unilateral disorders. Patients were further categorized by previous repair approaches as high ligation, sclerotherapy, conventional suture repair, Lichtenstein repair, plug and patch repair, and preperitoneal repair...
March 1, 2018: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556675/should-surgeons-continue-to-implant-mesh-sheets-behind-the-vagina
#13
EDITORIAL
P E P Petros, Bernhard Liedl, Darren Gold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550580/regeneration-of-diaphragm-with-bio-3d-cellular-patch
#14
Xiu-Ying Zhang, Yusuke Yanagi, Zijing Sheng, Kouji Nagata, Koichi Nakayama, Tomoaki Taguchi
Neonates with congenital diaphragmatic hernia often require surgical defect closure with a patch. Alternatives to native diaphragmatic tissue are critically needed for this paediatric surgery. The clinical efficacy of mesh patches is limited by complications associated with residual foreign material and by hernia recurrence. In this study, we used a novel bio-3D printer method to generate large scaffold-free tissue patches composed of human cells. The resulting large tissue constructs had high elasticity and strength...
March 9, 2018: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548880/the-advantages-of-advanced-computer-assisted-diagnostics-and-three-dimensional-preoperative-planning-on-implant-position-in-orbital-reconstruction
#15
Jesper Jansen, Ruud Schreurs, Leander Dubois, Thomas J J Maal, Peter J J Gooris, Alfred G Becking
OBJECTIVE: Advanced three-dimensional (3D) diagnostics and preoperative planning are the first steps in computer-assisted surgery (CAS). They are an integral part of the workflow, and allow the surgeon to adequately assess the fracture and to perform virtual surgery to find the optimal implant position. The goal of this study was to evaluate the accuracy and predictability of 3D diagnostics and preoperative virtual planning without intraoperative navigation in orbital reconstruction. METHODS: In 10 cadaveric heads, 19 complex orbital fractures were created...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29537324/long-term-outcome-after-surgical-repair-of-pelvic-organ-prolapse-with-elevate-prolapse-repair-system
#16
Danilo Italo Pio Buca, Marco Liberati, Eleonora Falò, Martina Leombroni, Maria Di Giminiani, Marta Di Nicola, Alessandro Santarelli, Franco Frondaroli, Francesco Fanfani
Female pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is a common condition and the correction of prolapse remains a major challenge for the surgical community. A retrospective study of women with POP undergoing pelvic reconstructive surgery with the Elevate System followed-up for 48 months. A total of 138 women with POP were included in the study. We observed an objective cure rate of 94.9% for the anterior wall after 4 years' follow-up. The subjective cure rate was 97.1%. Improvement in the urinary symptoms was seen after the surgery: the number of asymptomatic patients increased from 14...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534136/immediate-nonsubmerged-custom-root-analog-implants-a-prospective-pilot-clinical-study
#17
David Anssari Moin, Bassam Hassan, Daniel Wismeijer
PURPOSE: To evaluate the feasibility of a commercially available immediate root analog implant system Replicate (Natural Dental Implants). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Five consecutive patients in need of an implant in the premolar region were recruited for this pilot study. Following clinical examination, a cone beam computed tomography scan was made and the dental impressions digitized. On the basis of the superimposition of these datasets, a three-dimensional (3D) envelope was created for the selected tooth...
March 2018: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29533254/risk-factors-for-titanium-mesh-implant-exposure-following-cranioplasty
#18
Talha Maqbool, Adam Binhammer, Paul Binhammer, Oleh M Antonyshyn
PURPOSE: Titanium mesh is used to reconstruct the neurocranium in cranioplasties. Though it is generally well-tolerated, erosion of the overlying soft tissue with exposure of the implant is a complication that adversely affects patient outcomes. The purpose of this study is to investigate potential risk factors for titanium mesh exposure. METHODS: This study comprises all consecutive patients who underwent titanium mesh cranioplasty between January 2000 and July 2016...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529906/localized-ridge-augmentation-in-the-anterior-maxilla-using-titanium-mesh-an-alloplast-and-a-nano-bone-graft-a-case-report
#19
Adel S Alagl, Marwa Madi
Alveolar ridge deficiency is considered a major limitation for successful implant placement, as well as for the long-term success rate, especially in the anterior maxillary region. Various approaches have been developed to increase bone volume. Among those approaches, inlay and onlay grafts, alveolar ridge distraction, and guided bone regeneration have been suggested. The use of titanium mesh is a reliable method for ridge augmentation. We describe a patient who presented with a localized, combined, horizontal and vertical ridge defect in the anterior maxilla...
January 1, 2018: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525092/a-novel-layer-structured-scaffold-with-large-pore-sizes-suitable-for-3d-cell-culture-prepared-by-near-field-electrospinning
#20
Feng-Li He, Da-Wei Li, Jin He, Yang-Yang Liu, Fiaz Ahmad, Ya-Li Liu, Xudong Deng, Ya-Jing Ye, Da-Chuan Yin
Electrospinning is a powerful method for preparing porous materials that can be applied as biomedical materials for implantation or tissue engineering or as scaffolds for 3D cell culture experiments. However, this technique is limited in practical applications because the pore size of 3D scaffolds directly prepared by conventional electrospinning is usually less than several tens of micrometres, which may not be suitable for 3D cell culture and tissue growth. To allow for satisfactory 3D cell culture and tissue engineering, the pore size of the scaffold should be controllable according to the requirement of the specific cells to be cultured...
May 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
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