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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211649/insufficient-sleep-in-adolescents-causes-and-consequences
#1
Judith A Owens, Miriam R Weiss
Insufficient sleep poses an important and complicated set of health risks in the adolescent population. Not only is deficient sleep (defined as both sleep duration inadequate to meet sleep needs and sleep timing misaligned with the body's circadian rhythms) at epidemic levels in this population, but the contributing factors are both complex and numerous and there are a myriad of negative physical and mental health, safety and performance consequences. Causes of inadequate sleep identified in this population include internal biological processes such as the normal shift (delay) in circadian rhythm that occurs in association with puberty and a developmentally-based slowing of the "sleep drive", and external factors including extracurricular activities, excessive homework load, evening use of electronic media, caffeine intake and early school start times...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207330/parent-centered-prevention-of-risky-behaviors-among-hispanic-youths-in-florida
#2
Yannine Estrada, Tae Kyoung Lee, Shi Huang, Maria I Tapia, Maria-Rosa Velázquez, Marcos J Martinez, Hilda Pantin, Manuel A Ocasio, Denise C Vidot, Lourdes Molleda, Juan Villamar, Bryan A Stepanenko, C Hendricks Brown, Guillermo Prado
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of an evidence-based, parent-centered intervention, Familias Unidas, delivered by nonresearch personnel, in preventing substance use (alcohol, illicit drugs) and sex without a condom among Hispanic adolescents. METHODS: A randomized controlled trial (n = 746) evaluated the effectiveness of Familias Unidas among Hispanic eighth graders (age range = 12-16 years), relative to prevention as usual, within a public school system...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206689/working-memory-ability-and-early-drug-use-progression-as-predictors-of-adolescent-substance-use-disorders
#3
Atika Khurana, Daniel Romer, Laura M Betancourt, Hallam Hurt
AIMS: To test a neurobehavioral model of adolescent substance use disorder (SUD) resulting from an imbalance between a hyperactive reward motivation system and a hypoactive executive control system. Specifically, we tested (1) if early weakness in working memory (WM) and associated imbalance indicators of acting-without-thinking (AWT) and delay discounting (DD) predict SUD in late adolescence, and (2) if early drug use progression mediates this relation. DESIGN: Five waves of longitudinal data collected annually from 2005-2010, with a final follow-up in 2012...
February 16, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205146/binge-drinking-current-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-issues
#4
Benjamin Rolland, Mickaël Naassila
The concept of binge drinking (BD) refers to patterns of heavy episodic alcohol consumption, with BD primarily occurring among adolescents and young adults. Several official definitions of BD have been proposed, in particular by the World Health Organization, the National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Nevertheless, none of these definitions address the psychosocial and medical consequences of the type of alcohol use seen in BD. In practice, BD can thus correspond to either hazardous or harmful use of alcohol (HUA), while the episodic nature of heavy drinking in BD means that it does not meet the criteria for 'alcohol dependence'...
February 15, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202303/association-between-substance-use-diagnoses-and-psychiatric-disorders-in%C3%A2-an-adolescent-and-young-adult-clinic-based-population
#5
Justine Wittenauer Welsh, John R Knight, Sherry Shu-Yeu Hou, Monica Malowney, Patricia Schram, Lon Sherritt, J Wesley Boyd
PURPOSE: Adolescents with substance use disorders are more likely to have a current psychiatric disorder. However, when compared with the adult literature, there is relatively limited information regarding the specific co-occurrence of certain mental health diagnoses and substance use disorders in adolescents. The objectives of this study were to build on the previous literature regarding mental health diagnoses and different types of substance use disorders in adolescents, as well as explore the differences, if any, between groupings of mental health diagnosis and type of substance used...
February 12, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199068/the-relationship-between-stressful-life-events-and-axis-i-diagnoses-among-adolescent-offspring-of-probands-with-bipolar-and-non-bipolar-psychiatric-disorders-and-healthy-controls-the-pittsburgh-bipolar-offspring-study-bios
#6
Lisa A Pan, Tina R Goldstein, Brian T Rooks, Mary Hickey, Jie Yu Fan, John Merranko, Kelly Monk, Rasim S Diler, Dara J Sakolsky, Daniella Hafeman, Satish Iyengar, Benjamin Goldstein, David J Kupfer, David A Axelson, David A Brent, Boris Birmaher
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have explored the role of stressful life events in the development of mood disorders. We examined the frequency and nature of stressful life events as measured by the Stressful Life Events Schedule (SLES) among 3 groups of adolescent offspring of probands with bipolar (BD), with non-BD psychiatric disorders, and healthy controls. Furthermore, we examined the relationship between stressful life events and the presence of DSM-IV Axis I disorders in these offspring...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196995/injection-drug-use-among-children-and-adolescents-in-india-ringing-the-alarm-bells
#7
Anju Dhawan, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Anita Chopra, Vinod Kumar Tikoo, Rajesh Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Injection drug use (IDU) is intricately linked to preventive aspects for human immunodeficiency virus from a public health perspective. No large-scale data are yet available for injectable drug use among children and adolescents in India, apart from few anecdotal reports. AIMS AND METHODS: The present paper reports on the profile and substance use pattern of 509 child IDU users, among a total sample of over 4000 children using substances across 100 sites from 27 states and 2 UTs in India...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196680/trajectories-of-substance-use-frequency-among-adolescents-seen-in-primary-care-implications-for-screening
#8
Scott E Hadland, Sarah H Copelas, Sion K Harris
OBJECTIVE: To identify trajectories of substance use in a prospective cohort of adolescent primary care patients one year after a clinic visit. STUDY DESIGN: We recruited 12- to 18-year-olds from 9 New England practices between 2005 and 2008 and identified 5 trajectories of substance use. We first distinguished adolescents with no past-year use at a baseline clinic visit and at 12-month follow-up (trajectory A). For adolescents who used substances, we assessed past 90-day use at both timepoints, and identified the remaining 4 trajectories based on frequency of use...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196542/korean-national-athletes-knowledge-practices-and-attitudes-of-doping-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Taegyu Kim, Young Hoon Kim
BACKGROUND: Despite the efforts of the World Anti-Doping Agency and national anti-doping agencies at the international level, a relatively low and steady rate of positive doping tests still persists all over the world. Evidence on adolescents using doping substances exists, and the proportion of adolescents engaging in doping practices is small but significant. In relation to the international research trends on anti-doping, this study aims to evaluate doping knowledge, practices, and attitudes among Korean adult and adolescent elite athletes to provide effective information on anti-doping policies and education programs...
February 14, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190538/acute-intoxication-caused-by-synthetic-cannabinoids-5f-adb-and-mmb-2201-a-case-series
#10
Bernardino Barceló, Simona Pichini, Victoria López-Corominas, Isabel Gomila, Christopher Yates, Francesco Paolo Busardò, Manuela Pellegrini
Synthetic cannabinoids are relatively new substances of abuse. Recently, abuse of synthetic cannabinoids has been increasingly reported in the lay press and medical literature. When new compounds are introduced, their use is initially not restricted by prohibition therefore their consumption cannot be verified by standard drug tests. The use of these compounds among adolescents and young adults is constantly growing, making it important for emergency services to be familiar with the signs and symptoms of intoxication present...
February 2, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185096/predictive-validity-of-parent-and-self-rated-adhd-symptoms-in-adolescence-on-adverse-socioeconomic-and-health-outcomes
#11
Ebba Du Rietz, Ralf Kuja-Halkola, Isabell Brikell, Andreas Jangmo, Amir Sariaslan, Paul Lichtenstein, Jonna Kuntsi, Henrik Larsson
There is scarcity of research investigating the validity of self-report of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms compared to other informants, such as parents. This study aimed to compare the predictive associations of ADHD symptoms rated by parents and their children across adolescence on a range of adverse socioeconomic and health outcomes in early adulthood. Parent- and self-rated ADHD symptoms were assessed in 2960 individuals in early (13-14 years) and late adolescence (16-17 years)...
February 10, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182748/beyond-experimentation-five-trajectories-of-cigarette-smoking-in-a-longitudinal-sample-of-youth
#12
Lauren M Dutra, Stanton A Glantz, Nadra E Lisha, Anna V Song
The first goal of this study was to identify the most appropriate measure of cigarette smoking for identifying unique smoking trajectories among adolescents; the second goal was to describe the resulting trajectories and their characteristics. Using 15 annual waves of smoking data in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 (NLSY97), we conducted an exploratory latent class growth analysis to determine the best of four outcome variables for yearly smoking (cigarettes per day on days smoked, days smoked per month, mean cigarettes per day, and total cigarettes per month) among individuals aged 12 to 30 (n = 8,791)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182447/intergenerational-consequences-of-adolescent-substance-use-patterns-of-homotypic-and-heterotypic-continuity
#13
Emily L Nadel, Terence P Thornberry
Does substance use run in families? In this article, we examine both homotypic continuity in substance use-the impact of a parent's adolescent substance use on their child's adolescent substance use-and heterotypic continuity-the impact of a parent's adolescent substance use on their child's involvement in other adolescent problem behaviors. The analysis is based on data from the Rochester Youth Development Study (Thornberry, Lizotte, Krohn, Smith, & Porter, 2003) and its intergenerational component, the Rochester Intergenerational Study (Thornberry, 2009)...
February 9, 2017: Psychology of Addictive Behaviors: Journal of the Society of Psychologists in Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182139/assessing-behavioral-patterns-of-internet-addiction-and-drug-abuse-among-high-school-students
#14
Zeinab Nemati, Hossein Matlabi
BACKGROUND: Internet addiction and drug abuse isolate adolescents from their family and friends and cause damage to their health, relations, emotions, and spirit. In the society, adolescents' addiction extracts high cost on health care, educational failure and mental health services. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the behavioral patterns of Internet and drug addiction among urban and rural students in Urmia, Iran. METHODS: A sectional and descriptive-analytical approach with stratified sampling method was employed to recruit 385 high school students from urban and rural areas...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181924/sleep-problems-in-relation-to-smoking-and-alcohol-use-in-chinese-adolescents
#15
Hua Chen, Qi-Gui Bo, Cun-Xian Jia, Xianchen Liu
This study examined sleep patterns and sleep problems in relation to smoking and alcohol use in Chinese adolescents. A questionnaire survey of 2090 adolescent students was conducted in Lijin County, Shandong, China. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect the data. After adjustment for demographics and internalizing and externalizing problems, poor sleep quality was associated with increased risk of smoking (odds ratio [OR], 2.59; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24-5.40), alcohol use (OR, 2.65; 95% CI, 2...
February 9, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180930/life-course-persistent-and-adolescence-limited-conduct-disorder-in-a-nationally-representative-us-sample-prevalence-predictors-and-outcomes
#16
Ashlee A Moore, Judy L Silberg, Roxann Roberson-Nay, Briana Mezuk
PURPOSE: The course of conduct disorder (CD) is heterogeneous. Moffitt proposed the heuristic of life course persistent (LCP) and adolescence limited (AL) to differentiate etiologically distinct forms of antisocial behavior (AB), each with distinct predictors and consequences, although a few studies have assessed this demarcation within the context of CD. The objective of this study was to apply Moffitt's taxonomy in a nationally representative US sample to investigate the prevalence, predictors, and outcomes of LCP and AL CD...
February 8, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174548/prospective-relations-among-low-income-african-american-adolescents-maternal-attachment-security-self-worth-and-risk-behaviors
#17
Ginger Lockhart, Samantha Phillips, Anneliese Bolland, Melissa Delgado, Juliet Tietjen, John Bolland
This study examined prospective mediating relations among mother-adolescent attachment security, self-worth, and risk behaviors, including substance use and violence, across ages 13-17 in a sample of 901 low-income African American adolescents. Path analyses revealed that self-worth was a significant mediator between attachment security and risk behaviors, such that earlier attachment security predicted self-worth 1 year later, which in turn, predicted substance use, weapon carrying, and fighting in the 3rd year...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173635/an-assessment-of-the-experiences-and-needs-of-adolescents-with-chronic-conditions-in-transitional-care-a-qualitative-study-to-develop-a-patient-education-programme
#18
Franziska Bomba, Carsten Herrmann-Garitz, Julia Schmidt, Silke Schmidt, Ute Thyen
The transition of adolescents with chronic conditions is a challenging task. This study aimed to explore the experiences and needs of adolescents with chronic conditions in the transition period and to apply these findings to the design of a generic patient education programme. Data were collected from a sample of 29 adolescents with chronic conditions from Northern Germany and Switzerland including a broad range of views due to variation in disease management and organisation of care both in paediatric and adult populations...
March 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170056/binge-drinking-among-adolescents-prevalence-risk-practices-and-related-variables
#19
Sandra Golpe, Manuel Isorna, Carmen Barreiro, Teresa Braña, Antonio Rial
According to the last Survey on Drug Use among Secondary School Students (ESTUDES 2014-2015), consumption levels of alcohol and other substances have decreased in the last years in Spain. However, available data on binge drinking remain worrying, given the negative consequences related with this pattern. The aim of this paper is to analyse binge drinking among adolescents, providing updated data on prevalence in addition to information about the consequences and some predictive factors of binge drinking. A correlational method was used for this purpose, comprised of administering a survey to Compulsory Secondary School, High School and Vocational Training students...
January 12, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170053/substance-use-or-abuse-internet-use-psychopathology-and-suicidal-ideation-in-adolescents
#20
Matilde Bousoño Serrano, Susana Al-Halabí, Patricia Burón, Marlen Garrido, Eva María Díaz-Mesa, Gonzalo Galván, Leticia García-Álvarez, Vladimir Carli, Christina Hoven, Marco Sarchiapone, Danuta Wasserman, Manuel Bousoño, María Paz García-Portilla, Celso Iglesias, Pilar Alejandra Sáiz, Julio Bobes
Substance and Internet use or abuse, psychopathology and suicidal ideation appear to be related. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between use of psychotropic substances, inadequate Internet use, suicidal ideation and other psychopathological symptoms within the adolescent population. The present study was carried out as part of the Saving and Empowering Young Lives in Europe (SEYLE) project, funded by the European Union. The sample is composed of 1026 adolescents aged between 14 and 16 years from 12 state schools in Asturias (530 men and 496 women)...
January 12, 2017: Adicciones
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