keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Adolescent substance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665492/sex-and-orientation-identity-matter-in-the-substance-use-behaviors-of-sexual-minority-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#1
Theodore L Caputi
BACKGROUND: Health sciences researchers are beginning to understand the differing experiences and health risks among sexual minority subgroups (i.e., those who describe themselves as homosexual/gay/lesbian, bisexual, or unsure/questioning). Such research can promote the allocation of resources to high-risk groups and the development of interventions tailored to their needs. The present study extends this line of research to substance use among adolescents. METHODS: The lifetime and/or past 30-day alcohol, tobacco, cigarette, e-cigarette, marijuana, prescription drug, and illicit drug use of sexual minority and heterosexual adolescents was analyzed using data from the 2015 National Youth Risk Behavior Survey...
March 7, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662526/factors-predicting-length-of-stay-in-an-adolescent-psychiatric-unit-south-bronx-ny-a-short-report
#2
Muhammad Zeshan, Ahmed Waqas, Sadiq Naveed, Hamzah Ghulam, Pankaj Manocha
Objective: Mental health disorders account for around 1.8 million inpatient community hospital stays in the U.S.A. Our study aims to highlight the factors impacting the length of stay at a community hospital in the U.S.A. Methods: We reviewed 300 randomly selected charts to examine the factors impacting the length of stay in an adolescent inpatient psychiatric unit in 2011 and 2015. All data were analyzed in SPSS v. 20 with multiple regression analysis. Results: Longer length of stay among adolescents was associated with multiple psychiatric diagnoses, co-occurring medical comorbidities, not living with biological parents, history of mental illness, legal problems, substance use in the family, seclusion, restraints during current admission, and schizophrenia...
April 2018: Journal of the Canadian Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661490/amygdala-volume-mediates-the-relationship-between-externalizing-symptoms-and-daily-smoking-in-adolescence-a-prospective-study
#3
Ali Cheetham, Nicholas B Allen, Sarah Whittle, Julian Simmons, Murat Yücel, Dan I Lubman
The current study examined amygdala and orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) volumes as mediators of the relationship between externalizing symptoms and daily smoking in adolescence. Externalizing behaviors are among the most robust predictors of adolescent smoking, and there is emerging evidence that volume reductions in the amygdala and OFC are associated with risk for substance misuse as well as aggressive, impulsive, and disinhibited tendencies. Using a prospective longitudinal design, we recruited 109 adolescents who provided data on brain volume and externalizing behaviors at age 12, and on smoking at age 18...
March 9, 2018: Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660592/declining-trends-in-drug-dealing-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#4
Michael G Vaughn, Millan A AbiNader, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Sehun Oh, Katherine J Holzer
INTRODUCTION: The link between drug selling and other delinquent behaviors in adolescence is well established. Less is known regarding the trends in drug selling among youth in the US and whether they are consistent with the recently observed decline in problem behaviors among this population. METHODS: Data were collected between 2002 and 2015 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Participants included 233,435 US youth aged 12-17. The primary variable of interest was self-reported past year drug-selling...
April 9, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658755/interparental-conflict-and-long-term-adolescent-substance-use-trajectories-the-role-of-adolescent-threat-appraisals
#5
Gregory M Fosco, Mark E Feinberg
Although interparental conflict (IPC) has been linked directly and indirectly (via adolescents' appraisals) with a wide range of adolescent outcomes, little is known about the implications of IPC and related adolescent threat appraisals for substance use. Drawing on the cognitive-contextual framework, we test competing hypotheses about how IPC may impact adolescent substance use outcomes, specifically testing whether (a) threat appraisals are directly related to escalation in alcohol and tobacco use over adolescence, or (b) threat appraisals are indirectly associated with substance use through their impact on adolescent internalizing problems...
March 2018: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658500/-the-relationship-between-the-family-structure-and-characteristics-of-the-stress-reaction-in-adolescent-addicts
#6
A A Ovchinnikov, A N Sultanova, T Yu Sycheva, T N Mamedov
AIM: To study the relationship between the family structure and characteristics of the response to stress in adolescent addicts. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 65 patients who used psychoactive substances and 42 healthy controls. A set of psychological methods was used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: In the group of adolescent addicts, a low result was revealed on the scale 'family cohesion'. A high level of development of such mechanisms of psychological defense as denial, suppression, repression, compensation, substitution, intellectualization and reactive education was diagnosed in both groups...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656915/substance-use-and-suicide-in-pacific-islander-american-indian-and-multiracial-youth
#7
Andrew M Subica, Li-Tzy Wu
INTRODUCTION: National estimates of U.S. Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander (NHPI), American Indian/Alaskan Native (AIAN), and multiracial adolescent substance use and suicidality are scarce because of their small population sizes. The aim was to estimate the national prevalence of, and disparities in, substance use and suicidality among these understudied adolescents. METHODS: Analyses conducted in 2017 of U.S. adolescents (grades ninth to 12th) from the 1991-2015 Combined National Youth Behavioral Risk Surveys estimated (1) prevalence of lifetime and current (past 30-day) substance use, past 12-month depressed mood, and suicidality by racial group; and (2) AORs for depressed mood and suicidality regressed on current alcohol, cigarette, and marijuana use...
April 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655859/rescuing-cognitive-and-emotional-regulatory-skills-to-aid-smoking-prevention-in-at-risk-youth-a-randomized-trial
#8
Michael W Otto, Eugenia I Gorlin, David Rosenfield, Elijah A Patten, Warren K Bickel, Michael J Zvolensky, Stacey N Doan
Adolescence is a vulnerable period for smoking initiation, with disadvantaged teens particularly at risk. In addition, emotional and cognitive dysregulation is associated with an increased risk of smoking and makes it particularly challenging to benefit from standard substance use prevention interventions. The goal of the current study is to investigate the extent to which interventions designed to improve cognitive (working memory) and emotional (distress tolerance) regulatory processes enhance the effectiveness of a standard smoking prevention informational intervention...
April 12, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653433/mindfulness-as-a-mediator-of-the-association-between-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-alcohol-use-and-consequences
#9
Emma I Brett, Hannah C Espeleta, Susanna V Lopez, Eleanor L S Leavens, Thad R Leffingwell
One-third of college students report past-year heavy episodic drinking, making college student alcohol use an important area for continued research. Research has consistently linked early experiences of adversity to problematic substance use in adolescence and adulthood. Given the negative health consequences associated with heavy episodic drinking, it is imperative to identify mechanisms that contribute to this relation. Low levels of mindfulness have been linked to early adversity as well as impulsivity and alcohol use, therefore, the current study aims to examine the mediating role of mindfulness in the relation between early adversity and current alcohol use and consequences...
April 4, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652948/-psychoactive-substances-use-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-school-age-adolescents
#10
Fabiola Vilugrón Aravena, Carlos Alejandro Hidalgo-Rasmussen, Temístocles Molina G, María Eugenia Gras Pérez, Silvia Font-Mayolas
Background The use of psychoactive substances among adolescents is a major social and public health concern. Aim To analyze association of substance abuse and multiple drug use with health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in adolescents attending a high school in Valparaiso, Chile. Material and Methods Analytical cross-sectional study conducted in a sample of adolescents attending high school. HRQOL was assessed using KIDSCREEN-52 questionnaire and substance use was measured using the Global school-based student health survey...
December 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652552/do-classes-of-polysubstance-use-in-adolescence-differentiate-growth-in-substances-used-in-the-transition-to-young-adulthood
#11
Gabriel J Merrin, Bonnie Leadbeater
BACKGROUND: Past studies have differentiated classes of polysubstance use in adolescence, however, the associations of adolescent polysubstance use classes with longitudinal substance use trajectories from adolescence to young adulthood have not been studied. OBJECTIVE: The current study examined substance use classes during adolescence and longitudinal trajectories of each substance used across the transition to young adulthood. METHOD: Data were collected biennially from 662 youth and followed 10 years across six measurement assessments...
April 13, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652181/trends-and-substance-use-associations-with-e-cigarette-use-in-us-adolescents
#12
Kelly A Curran, Thad Burk, Paulette D Pitt, Amy B Middleman
Concerns exist that e-cigarette use may introduce adolescents to drugs. This study explores trends and associations of inhaled tobacco use with drug use. We performed a secondary data analysis on the National Youth Risk Behavior Survey examining the inhaled tobacco and drug use patterns among US teens. Adjusted odds ratios were calculated using bivariate and multivariate analyses between inhaled tobacco use with other drug use, adjusting for age, race/ethnicity, and gender. When adjusting for gender, age, and race/ethnicity, teens who use only e-cigarettes had a higher odds than peers who do not use any inhaled tobacco products to have ever tried marijuana or alcohol, currently use marijuana or alcohol, have lifetime drug use, and misused prescription medications...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651257/mindfulness-based-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-substance-and-behavioral-addictions-a-systematic-review
#13
Marta Sancho, Marta De Gracia, Rita C Rodríguez, Núria Mallorquí-Bagué, Jéssica Sánchez-González, Joan Trujols, Isabel Sánchez, Susana Jiménez-Murcia, Jose M Menchón
Background: Emotion (dys)regulation as well as the interventions for improving these difficulties are receiving a growing attention in the literature. The aim of the present paper was to conduct a systematic review about the efficacy of mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) in both substance and behavioral addictions (BAs). Method: A literature search was conducted using Cochrane, PubMed, and Web of Science. Fifty-four randomized controlled trials published in English since 2009 to April 2017 were included into a narrative synthesis...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642938/social-network-correlates-of-risky-sexual-behavior-among-adolescents-in-bahir-dar-and-mecha-districts-north-west-ethiopia-an-institution-based-study
#14
Kerebih Asrese, Alemtsehay Mekonnen
BACKGROUND: Behaviors established during adolescence such as risky sexual behaviors have negative effects on future health and well-being. Extant literature indicated that individual attributes such as peer pressure and substance use have impacts on healthy development of young peoples' sexual behavior. The patterns of relationships (social network structure) and the social network content (members' norm regarding sexual practice) established by adolescents' network on adolescents' risky sexual behaviors are not well investigated...
April 11, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624517/sources-of-opioid-medication-for-misuse-in-older-adults-results-from-a-nationally-representative-survey
#15
Ty S Schepis, Sean Esteban McCabe, Christian J Teter
Despite increasing rates of prescription opioid misuse in adults 50 years of age and older, little research has investigated such misuse in this population. This work aimed to examine sources of misused opioid medication in adults 50 years and older, with comparisons to younger groups. Data were from the 2009-2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health surveys. Prevalence rates of prescription opioid sources, misuse, and prescription opioid use disorder (POUD) symptoms were estimated. Design-based logistic regression investigated age-based differences in these factors and the association of sources to POUD symptoms and other concurrent substance use...
April 5, 2018: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624111/synthetic-and-other-drug-use-among-high-school-students-the-role-of-perceived-prevalence-access-and-harms
#16
Katrina J Debnam, Shonali Saha, Catherine P Bradshaw
BACKGROUND: Synthetic and other drugs have become available to teens, yet little is known about risk factors of use. OBJECTIVE: To examine adolescent use of one class of synthetic drugs and its association with perceptions about its prevalence, access, and risk of substance use. METHODS: Adolescents from a convenience sample of 104 middle and high schools (N = 59,218) participated in an anonymous survey to assess school climate and substance use in 2013-2014...
April 6, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624108/an-examination-of-gender-differences-in-the-association-of-adolescent-substance-use-with-eating-and-weight-loss-attitudes
#17
Rebekah L Thomas, Adrian B Kelly, Gary C K Chan, Leanne M Hides, Catherine A Quinn, David J Kavanagh, Joanne W Williams
OBJECTIVE: To assess gender differences in the relationship between eating and weight loss attitudes (EWAs), and 30-day tobacco and alcohol use among adolescents, while controlling for potential confounds (age, country of birth, psychological distress, pubertal development, peer alcohol and tobacco use, and sexual activity). METHODS: School students aged between 11 and 17 years (N = 10,273) from high schools in the State of Victoria (Australia) completed surveys in class under conditions of anonymity and confidentiality...
April 6, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621580/use-of-nutritional-supplements-contaminated-with-banned-doping-substances-by-recreational-adolescent-athletes-in-athens-greece
#18
Konstantinos Tsarouhas, Nassia Kioukia-Fougia, Petros Papalexis, Aristidis Tsatsakis, Dimitrios Kouretas, Flora Bacopoulou, Christina Tsitsimpikou
Although the use of nutritional supplements by adult athletes has been extensively studied, information on supplements consumption by adolescent athletes is still limited. The present study reports on the use of nutritional supplements contaminated with banned doping substances among 170 recreational adolescent athletes from eleven, randomly selected, gym centres, in Athens, Greece. Nutritional supplements consumption was reported by almost 60% of the study population, with proteins/amino acids and vitamins being the most popular...
April 2, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619558/externalizing-behavior-problems-are-related-to-substance-use-in-adolescents-across-six-samples-from-nordic-countries
#19
Mads Uffe Pedersen, Kristine Rømer Thomsen, Ove Heradstveit, Jens Christoffer Skogen, Morten Hesse, Sheila Jones
The aim of this study is to investigate associations between use of cigarettes, cannabis, and alcohol (CCA) and psychosocial problems among adolescents with different cultural backgrounds living in Nordic countries. Data from six questionnaire-based surveys conducted in Denmark, Norway, and Greenland, with participants from different cultural and religious backgrounds, were compared. A total of 2212 adolescents between 15 and 18 years of age participated in the study. The surveys were carried out nationally and in school settings...
April 4, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619242/adolescents-and-health-related-behaviour-using-a-framework-to-develop-interventions-to-support-positive-behaviours
#20
Jan Pringle, Lawrence Doi, Divya Jindal-Snape, Ruth Jepson, John McAteer
Background: Experimentation is a natural part of adolescent maturation. In conjunction with increased exposure to behaviours such as alcohol or substance use, and the potentially intensified influence of peer groups, unhealthy behaviour patterns may develop as part of this experimentation. However, the adolescent years also provide considerable opportunity for behaviour to be shaped in positive ways that may improve immediate and longer term health outcomes. A systematic review carried out by the authors concluded that physiological changes during adolescence need to be considered when designing or implementing interventions, due to their influence on health behaviours...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
keyword
keyword
26058
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"