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Adolescent substance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223025/the-intersection-between-response-inhibition-and-substance-use-among-adolescents
#1
Kristine Rømer Thomsen, Tine Blom Osterland, Morten Hesse, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing
Problems related to the capacity to successfully engage response inhibition are considered a risk factor for the development of substance use disorders (SUDs), but the evidence has been predominantly cross-sectional. In this commentary, we argue that recent longitudinal studies with multi-modal measures of response inhibition can improve understanding of how response inhibition may intersect with substance use among adolescents. Most Stop-Signal studies suggest that slower response inhibition predicts substance use progressions, with one multi-site study showing greater fronto-parietal activity indicative of risk...
November 29, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220681/experience-of-caregiving-and-coping-strategies-in-caregivers-of-adolescents-with-an-eating-disorder-a-comparative-study
#2
Melissa Parks, Dimitra Anastasiadou, Julio César Sánchez, Montserrat Graell, Ana R Sepulveda
Caring for a relative with an eating disorder (ED) is associated with heightened psychological distress, which, according to a stress-coping model, may be influenced by coping and appraisal. However, limited quantitative studies have assessed coping in ED caregivers. This cross-sectional study aims to assess 1) the differences in coping between caregivers of three groups: patients with an ED, patients with a substance use disorder, and healthy teens, and 2) the patient and caregiver variables associated with coping and appraisal of the caregiving experience...
November 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220611/violent-lives-pathways-linking-exposure-to-violence-to-suicidal-behavior-in-a-national-sample
#3
Chelsea Farrell, Gregory M Zimmerman
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the extent to which depression, somatic symptoms, and substance use mediated the effects of exposure to violence on suicidal ideation and attempted suicide, and whether these pathways varied across gender, age, and race/ethnicity. METHODS: Path analysis on 12,272 adolescents (mean = 15.3 years) from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. RESULTS: The impact of exposure to violence on suicidal ideation was fully mediated, and the impact of exposure to violence on attempted suicide was partially mediated by depression, somatic symptoms, and substance use...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Suicide Research: Official Journal of the International Academy for Suicide Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217724/correlation-of-impulsivity-with-self-harm-and-suicidal-attempt-a-community-study-of-adolescents-in-taiwan
#4
Yu-Hsin Huang, Hui-Ching Liu, Fang-Ju Tsai, Fang-Ju Sun, Kuo-Yang Huang, Yu-Ching Chiu, Yen-Hsun Huang, Yo-Ping Huang, Shen-Ing Liu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate differences and similarities in risk factors for deliberate self-harm (DSH) and suicidal attempt (SA), and the role of impulsivity among a group of community adolescents. SETTING: This is a cross-sectional study conducted at high schools in Northern Taiwan. DATA AND PARTICIPANTS: We recruited grade 1 students from 14 high schools. A total of 5879 participants (mean age 16.02 years, female adolescents: 57...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216850/adolescent-substance-use-behavior-and-suicidal-behavior-for-boys-and-girls-a-cross-sectional-study-by-latent-analysis-approach
#5
Peng-Wei Wang, Cheng-Fang Yen
BACKGROUND: Adolescent suicidal behavior may consist of different symptoms, including suicidal ideation, suicidal planning and suicidal attempts. Adolescent substance use behavior may contribute to adolescent suicidal behavior. However, research on the relationships between specific substance use and individual suicidal behavior is insufficient, as adolescents may not use only one substance or develop only one facet of suicidal behavior. Latent variables permit us to describe the relationships between clusters of related behaviors more accurately than studying the relationships between specific behaviors...
December 8, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212564/nurturant-involved-parenting-and-adolescent-substance-use-examining-an-internalizing-pathway-through-adolescent-social-anxiety-symptoms-and-substance-refusal-efficacy
#6
Bridget B Weymouth, Gregory M Fosco, Mark E Feinberg
Research has clearly established the important role of parents in preventing substance use among early adolescents. Much of this work has focused on deviance (e.g., antisocial behavior, delinquency, and oppositional behavior) as a central pathway linking parenting behaviors and early adolescent substance use. This study proposed an alternative pathway; using a four-wave longitudinal design, we examined whether nurturant-involved parenting (Fall sixth grade) was inversely associated with adolescent drunkenness, marijuana use, and cigarette use (eighth grade) through social anxiety symptoms (Spring sixth grade) and subsequent decreases in substance refusal efficacy (seventh grade)...
December 7, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210144/adolescent-impulsivity-as-a-sex-dependent-and-subtype-dependent-predictor-of-impulsivity-alcohol-drinking-and-dopamine-d2-receptor-expression-in-adult-rats
#7
Lindsey R Hammerslag, Amogh P Belagodu, Olubankole A Aladesuyi Arogundade, Angela G Karountzos, Qingrou Guo, Roberto Galvez, Brent W Roberts, Joshua M Gulley
Impulsivity is a personality trait associated with a heightened risk for drug use and other psychiatric conditions. Because impulsivity-related disorders typically emerge during adolescence, there has been interest in exploring methods for identifying adolescents that will be at risk to develop substance use disorders in adulthood. Here, we used a rodent model to assess inhibitory control (impulsive action) and impulsive decision making (impulsive choice) during adolescence (43-50 days old) or adulthood (93-100 days old) and then examined the impact of development on these impulsivity traits by re-testing rats 50 days later...
December 5, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209411/dietary-behaviour-psychological-well-being-and-mental-distress-among-adolescents-in-korea
#8
Seo Ah Hong, Karl Peltzer
Background: Dietary intake is important for physical and mental health. The aim of this investigation was to assess associations between dietary behaviours and psychological well-being and distress among school-going adolescents in Korea. Methods: In a cross-sectional nationally representative survey, 65,212 students (Mean age = 15.1 years, SE = 0.02 and 52.2% male and 47.8% female) responded to a questionnaire that included measures of dietary behaviour, psychological well-being and mental distress...
2017: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204816/sexual-health-risk-behavior-disparities-among-male-and-female-adolescents-using-identity-and-behavior-indicators-of-sexual-orientation
#9
V Paul Poteat, Stephen T Russell, Alexis Dewaele
Sexual minority adolescent sexual risk behavior studies often overlook young women, do not consider behavior- and identity-based sexual orientation indicators in combination, and focus mainly on condomless sex. We examined multiple risk behaviors in a large sample of adolescent young men and women using combined behavior- and identity-based indices. The 2015 Dane County Youth Assessment data included 4734 students in 22 high schools who had ever voluntarily engaged in sexual contact (51.7% male; 76.0% White, non-Hispanic)...
December 4, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203521/persistent-opioid-use-among-pediatric-patients-after-surgery
#10
Calista M Harbaugh, Jay S Lee, Hsou Mei Hu, Sean Esteban McCabe, Terri Voepel-Lewis, Michael J Englesbe, Chad M Brummett, Jennifer F Waljee
BACKGROUND: Despite efforts to reduce nonmedical opioid misuse, little is known about the development of persistent opioid use after surgery among adolescents and young adults. We hypothesized that there is an increased incidence of prolonged opioid refills among adolescents and young adults who received prescription opioids after surgery compared with nonsurgical patients. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study by using commercial claims from the Truven Health Marketscan research databases from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2014...
December 4, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200054/adolescents-with-substance-use-disorders
#11
Albert Anthony Rundio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Addictions Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199906/racial-ethnic-differences-in-prevalence-and-correlates-of-blunt-smoking-among-adolescents
#12
LaTrice Montgomery, Dale Mantey
Blunt use is pervasive among adolescents. The study uses cross-sectional data from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health to examine sociodemographic, health, and other substance use correlates of current and lifetime blunt use among 12,036 African American, White, and Hispanic/Latino adolescents. Findings revealed that 5.3% of African American, 4.3% of Hispanic/Latino, and 3.8% of White adolescents reported past-30-day blunt use. Age and substance use other than marijuana were consistent correlates of current and lifetime blunt use across all racial/ethnic groups...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199476/sexual-violence-victimization-among-youth-presenting-to-an-urban-emergency-department-the-role-of-violence-exposure-in-predicting-risk
#13
Andria B Eisman, Quyen M Ngo, Yasamin Y Kusunoki, Erin E Bonar, Marc A Zimmerman PhD, Rebecca M Cunningham Md, Maureen A Walton PhD Mph
Sexual violence (SV) is a widespread public health problem among adolescents and emerging adults with significant short- and long-term consequences. Young people living in urban, disadvantaged communities with high rates of violence may be especially at risk for SV victimization. Understanding interconnections between different forms of violence is critical to reducing SV risk among youth. Participants were youth ( N = 599) ages 14 to 24 years ( M = 20.05, SD = 2.42) presenting to an urban emergency department with a Level 1 trauma designation as part of a prospective cohort study and followed-up for 24 months...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197983/reduced-sensitivity-to-reinforcement-in-adolescent-compared-to-adult-sprague-dawley-rats-of-both-sexes
#14
Emily R Hankosky, Sara R Westbrook, Rachel M Haake, Michela Marinelli, Joshua M Gulley
RATIONALE: Adolescence is a period of considerable development of brain and behavior and is the time during which most drug use is initiated. OBJECTIVE: Age-dependent differences in motivated behaviors may be one of the factors that contribute to heightened vulnerability to developing substance use disorders, so we sought to compare age differences in methamphetamine (METH) and saccharin seeking. METHODS: Beginning during adolescence or adulthood, male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were trained to self-administer 0...
December 2, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197524/mercuric-resistant-bacteria-aeromonas-exhibits-neurologic-toxic-effects-on-the-developmental-motor-reflexes-and-brain-oxidative-stress-in-mice-offspring
#15
Mohammad Ahmad
Mercury and its derivatives even in small concentration may cause a major human health problem. Though not reported in detail, there are various aquatic bacterial species that produce small quantities of methyl mercury (MM) growing under aerobic conditions. Consumption of food derived from sources contaminated with such bacteria within therapeutic doses and exposure to different forms of MM compounds through such sources may induce substantial toxic effects. In the present study, the perinatal oral exposure of pregnant mice to two strains of mercury resistant bacteria (MRB), Aeromonas KSU5 MRB and KSU6 MRB resulted in a significant reduction in postnatal body weight gain, delays in the opening of the eyes and appearance in the body hair fuzz, and deficits in the developing sensory motor reflexes in the mice pups during their weaning period on post-natal day (PD)7, PD14 and PD21...
November 29, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197214/nonsuicidal-self-injury-in-a-naturalistic-sample-of-adolescents-undergoing-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-prevalence-gender-distribution-and-comorbidities
#16
Kathrin Sevecke, Astrid Bock, Lucas Fenzel, Manuela Gander, Martin Fuchs
BACKGROUND: A growing body of research points toward nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) in adolescents as an important and frequent health-related risk factor. In 2013, NSSI was proposed in section 3 of the DSM-5 as a new diagnostic entity warranting further study. In line with that goal, the present study was conducted in order to evaluate prevalence, gender distribution and comorbidities of NSSI in a sample of adolescent psychiatric inpatients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 130 adolescents (mean age 15...
December 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197086/methylation-of-oprl1-mediates-the-effect-of-psychosocial-stress-on-binge-drinking-in-adolescents
#17
Barbara Ruggeri, Christine Macare, Serena Stopponi, Tianye Jia, Fabiana M Carvalho, Gabriel Robert, Tobias Banaschewski, Arun L W Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Anna Cattrell, Patricia J Conrod, Sylvane Desrivières, Herta Flor, Vincent Frouin, Jürgen Gallinat, Hugh Garavan, Penny Gowland, Andreas Heinz, Bernd Ittermann, Jean Luc Martinot, Marie-Laure Paillère Martinot, Frauke Nees, Dimitri Papadopoulos-Orfanos, Tomáš Paus, Luise Poustka, Michael N Smolka, Nora C Vetter, Henrik Walter, Robert Whelan, Wolfgang H Sommer, Georgy Bakalkin, Roberto Ciccocioppo, Gunter Schumann
BACKGROUND: Nociceptin is a key regulator linking environmental stress and alcohol drinking. In a genome-wide methylation analysis, we recently identified an association of a methylated region in the OPRL1 gene with alcohol-use disorders. METHODS: Here, we investigate the biological basis of this observation by analysing psychosocial stressors, methylation of the OPRL1 gene, brain response during reward anticipation and alcohol drinking in 660 fourteen-year-old adolescents of the IMAGEN study...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190174/same-sex-friendship-school-gender-composition-and-substance-use-a-social-network-study-of-50-european-schools
#18
Adeline Grard, Anton Kunst, Mirte Kuipers, Matthias Richter, Arja Rimpela, Bruno Federico, Vincent Lorant
BACKGROUND: Other-sex friendship (girls with boy friends, boys with girl friends) has been associated with substance use, but how the gender composition of schools influences substance use has not been known. OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the influence of other-sex friendship on substance use and took into account the proportion of each gender group at the schools, and hypothesized that other-sex friendship is associated with higher levels of substance use and that schools with a majority of males have higher levels of use than female-majority schools...
November 30, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188410/developmental-pathways-from-parental-socioeconomic-status-to-adolescent-substance-use-alternative-and-complementary-reinforcement
#19
Jungeun Olivia Lee, Junhan Cho, Yoewon Yoon, Mariel S Bello, Rubin Khoddam, Adam M Leventhal
Although lower socioeconomic status has been linked to increased youth substance use, much less research has determined potential mechanisms explaining the association. The current longitudinal study tested whether alternative (i.e., pleasure gained from activities without any concurrent use of substances) and complementary (i.e., pleasure gained from activities in tandem with substance use) reinforcement mediate the link between lower socioeconomic status and youth substance use. Further, we tested whether alternative and complementary reinforcement and youth substance use gradually unfold over time and then intersect with one another in a cascading manner...
November 30, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185593/behavioral-cross-sensitization-between-testosterone-and-fenproporex-in-adolescent-and-adult-rats
#20
C Q Conceição, S A Engi, F C Cruz, C S Planeta
The abuse of psychoactive drugs is considered a global health problem. During the last years, a relevant number of studies have investigated the relationship between anabolic-androgenic steroids (AAS) and other psychoactive drugs. AAS, such as testosterone, can cause a dependence syndrome that shares many features with the classical dependence to psychoactive substances. Pre-clinical evidence shows that there are interactions between testosterone and psychoactive drugs, such as cocaine. However, few studies have been performed to investigate the effect of repeated testosterone treatment on behavioral effects of amphetamine derivatives, such as fenproporex...
November 17, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
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