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'Neural mobility'

Alejandro Ferragut-Garcías, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Cleofás Rodríguez-Blanco, Olga Velasco-Roldán, Daniel Pecos-Martín, Jesús Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, Bartomeu Llabrés-Bennasar, Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of a protocol involving soft tissue techniques and/or Neural Mobilization Techniques in the management of patients with Frequent episodic tension-type headache (FETTH) and Chronic tension-type headache (CTTH). DESIGN: Randomized controlled, double blind, placebo control and before-after trial. SETTING: Rehabilitation area of Son Llatzer Hospital and Fisioplanet Centre PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-seven patients (78 women; 19 men) diagnosed with FETTH or CTTH, were randomly assigned to groups A, B, C or D...
September 10, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Monara Kedma Nunes, Gabrielly Fontenele Dos Santos, Diandra Caroline Martins E Silva, Ana Cláudia Mota de Freitas, Isadora Ferreira Henriques, Peterson Marco Andrade, Dionis de Castro Machado, Silmar Teixeira, Marco Orsini Neves, Gildário Dias, Fernando Silva-Júnior, Victor Hugo Bastos
[Purpose] This study analyzed the acute effects of infrared and neural mobilization on the median nerve on the range of elbow extension of the dominant limb. [Subjects and Methods] Forty participants from university, neurologically asymptomatic, 12 males and 28 females (22.8 ± 1.9 years), were randomly divided into four groups: Group 1 (control) rested for 25 minutes in the supine position; Group 2 received the specific neural mobilization for the median nerve; Group 3 received an application of infrared for 15 minutes on the forearm; Group 4 received the same application of infrared followed by neural mobilization...
June 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Myoung-Kwon Kim, Hyun-Gyu Cha, Sang Gu Ji
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of an upper extremity neural mobilization technique on delayed onset muscle soreness. [Subjects] Forty-five healthy subjects were randomly assigned to two groups: a nerve mobilization group (experimental) and a control group. [Methods] The subjects of the experimental group were administered a median nerve mobilization technique and ultrasound for the biceps brachii muscle. The subjects in the control group were only administered ultrasound for the biceps brachii muscle...
March 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Kerry K Gilbert, C Roger James, Gail Apte, Cynthia Brown, Phillip S Sizer, Jean-Michel Brismée, Michael P Smith
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Neural mobilization techniques are used clinically to treat neuropathic pain and dysfunction. While selected studies report efficacy of these techniques, the mechanisms of benefit are speculative. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of in vitro simulated stretch/relax neural mobilization cycles on fluid dispersion within sections of unembalmed cadaveric peripheral nerve tissue. METHODS: Bilateral sciatic nerve sections were harvested from six cadavers...
September 2015: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
Yunfeng Su, Edwin Choon Wyn Lim
OBJECTIVES: In nerve-related chronic musculoskeletal (MS) disorders, neural tissue management is used to relieve pain by balancing the relative movement of neural tissues and their surrounding tissues. To date, there has not been any review evaluating the magnitude of this treatment effect in nerve-related chronic MS pain. The aim of this review was to compare pain and disability in individuals with nerve-related chronic MS pain who were treated with neural tissue management with those who received minimal or other treatment approaches...
December 24, 2015: Clinical Journal of Pain
C Casanova-García, S Lerma Lara, M Pérez Ruiz, D Ruano Domínguez, E Santana Sosa
Neuropathic pain (NP) associated with childhood cancer is currently a difficult problem to control. It is treated with drugs that not only fail to provide the expected improvements, but which also have side effects. Therefore, the main aim of this pilot study is to assess whether non-pharmacological treatments, Graded Motor Imagery (GMI) and Neural Mobilization (NM), have a positive effect on this pain, thus improving the associated comorbid factors and, consequently, the quality of life of the children. In an n = 6, the results after 4 weeks of treatment show a 10-point improvement in the pain threshold and a 3...
December 2015: Medical Hypotheses
Annalie Basson, Benita Olivier, Richard Ellis, Michel Coppieters, Aimee Stewart, Witness Mudzi
REVIEW QUESTION/OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to identify the effectiveness of neural mobilization techniques in various neuro-musculoskeletal conditions. Outcomes will be analyzed in terms of subgroups such as low back pain, cervico-brachial pain and carpal tunnel syndrome. BACKGROUND: Musculoskeletal disorders were ranked as the second largest contributor to disability worldwide in a study on the global burden of disease. Low back pain and neck pain contributed to 70% of disability in this comprehensive population-based study...
January 2015: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Corinne Kostic, Yvan Arsenijevic
Disease-causing variants of a large number of genes trigger inherited retinal degeneration leading to photoreceptor loss. Because cones are essential for daylight and central vision such as reading, mobility, and face recognition, this review focuses on a variety of animal models for cone diseases. The pertinence of using these models to reveal genotype/phenotype correlations and to evaluate new therapeutic strategies is discussed. Interestingly, several large animal models recapitulate human diseases and can serve as a strong base from which to study the biology of disease and to assess the scale-up of new therapies...
January 2016: Journal of Pathology
Farzaneh A Sorond, Yenisel Cruz-Almeida, David J Clark, Anand Viswanathan, Clemens R Scherzer, Philip De Jager, Anna Csiszar, Paul J Laurienti, Jeffery M Hausdorff, Wen G Chen, Luiggi Ferrucci, Caterina Rosano, Stephanie A Studenski, Sandra E Black, Lewis A Lipsitz
BACKGROUND: Mobility is crucial for successful aging and is impaired in many older adults. We know very little about the subtle, subclinical age-related changes in the central nervous system (CNS) that mediate mobility impairment. METHODS: A conference series focused on aging, the CNS, and mobility was launched. The second conference addressed major age-associated mechanisms of CNS-mediated mobility impairment. Speakers and conference attendees recommended key areas for future research, identified barriers to progress, and proposed strategies to overcome them...
December 2015: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
C C Alan Fung, K Y Michael Wong, Hongzi Mao, Si Wu
Anticipation is a strategy used by neural fields to compensate for transmission and processing delays during the tracking of dynamical information and can be achieved by slow, localized, inhibitory feedback mechanisms such as short-term synaptic depression, spike-frequency adaptation, or inhibitory feedback from other layers. Based on the translational symmetry of the mobile network states, we derive generic fluctuation-response relations, providing unified predictions that link their tracking behaviors in the presence of external stimuli to the intrinsic dynamics of the neural fields in their absence...
August 2015: Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Daniel S Peterson, Laurie A King, Rajal G Cohen, Fay B Horak
People with Parkinson disease (PD) who show freezing of gait also have dysfunction in cognitive domains that interact with mobility. Specifically, freezing of gait is associated with executive dysfunction involving response inhibition, divided attention or switching attention, and visuospatial function. The neural control impairments leading to freezing of gait have recently been attributed to higher-level, executive and attentional cortical processes involved in coordinating posture and gait rather than to lower-level, sensorimotor impairments...
May 2016: Physical Therapy
María Isabel Núñez-Peña, Macarena Suárez-Pellicioni
We investigated the time course of neural processing of multi-digit additions in high- (HMA) and low-math anxious (LMA) individuals. Seventeen HMA and 17 LMA individuals were presented with two-digit additions and were asked to perform a verification task. Behavioral data showed that HMA individuals were slower and more error prone than their LMA peers, and that incorrect solutions were solved more slowly and less accurately than correct ones. Moreover, HMA individuals tended to need more time and commit more errors when having to verify incorrect solutions than correct ones...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Camilla Pierella, Farnaz Abdollahi, Ali Farshchiansadegh, Jessica Pedersen, Elias B Thorp, Ferdinando A Mussa-Ivaldi, Maura Casadio
The concept of human motor redundancy attracted much attention since the early studies of motor control, as it highlights the ability of the motor system to generate a great variety of movements to achieve any well-defined goal. The abundance of degrees of freedom in the human body may be a fundamental resource in the learning and remapping problems that are encountered in human-machine interfaces (HMIs) developments. The HMI can act at different levels decoding brain signals or body signals to control an external device...
December 2015: Neuropsychologia
Yuanyuan Hu, Qianwen Sun, Chen Zhang, Qingquan Sha, Xiulian Sun
BACKGROUND: ALL1-fused from chromosome 1q (AF1q), originally considered as an oncogenic factor, has been implicated in neuronal development; however, its upstream regulatory mechanisms in neural system remained elusive. RESULTS: Our study showed that REST (RE1 silencing transcription factor), a key transcription factor in neurodevelopment, could down-regulate the gene expression of AF1q. The promoter assay identified a neuron-restrictive silencer element at -383 to -363 bp of human AF1q promoter...
2015: BMC Molecular Biology
Kei Goto, Isao Kawahara, Hiroyuki Inada, Hiromi Misawa, Hiroki Kuniyasu, Junich Nabekura, Miyako Takaki
An orally administered serotonin-4 (5-HT4) receptor agonist, mosapride citrate (MOS), promotes enteric neurogenesis in anastomoses after gut surgery. We performed gut surgery and transplanted 2 × 10(5) neural stem cells (NSCs) from the embryonic central nervous system after marking them with the cell linker, PKH26. We found that neurons differentiated from transplanted NSCs (PKH [+]) and newborn enteric neurons differentiated from mobilized (host) NSCs (YFP [+]) in the deep granulation tissue of the anastomotic ileum...
January 2016: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
Stephen A Graves, Reinier Hernandez, Jesper Fonslet, Christopher G England, Hector F Valdovinos, Paul A Ellison, Todd E Barnhart, Dennis R Elema, Charles P Theuer, Weibo Cai, Robert J Nickles, Gregory W Severin
(52)Mn (t1/2 = 5.59 d, β(+) = 29.6%, Eβave = 0.24 MeV) shows promise in positron emission tomography (PET) and in dual-modality manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) applications including neural tractography, stem cell tracking, and biological toxicity studies. The extension to bioconjugate application requires high-specific-activity (52)Mn in a state suitable for macromolecule labeling. To that end a (52)Mn production, purification, and labeling system is presented, and its applicability in preclinical, macromolecule PET is shown using the conjugate (52)Mn-DOTA-TRC105...
October 21, 2015: Bioconjugate Chemistry
Da-Ren Chen, You-Shyang Chen, Lin-Chih Chen, Ming-Yang Hsu, Kai-Feng Chiang
Energy profiling and estimation have been popular areas of research in multicore mobile architectures. While short sequences of system calls have been recognized by machine learning as pattern descriptions for anomalous detection, power consumption of running processes with respect to system-call patterns are not well studied. In this paper, we propose a fuzzy neural network (FNN) for training and analyzing process execution behaviour with respect to series of system calls, parameters and their power consumptions...
October 2015: Journal of Medical Systems
Masafumi Terada, Abbey C Thomas, Brian Pietrosimone, Claire E Hiller, Samantha Bowker, Phillip A Gribble
STUDY DESIGN: Case report. BACKGROUND: Little evidence exists about impairments and perceived disability following eversion injury to the deltoid ligament. This case study prospectively examined the neuromuscular, biomechanical, and psychological consequences of a case of a medial ankle sprain. CASE DESCRIPTION: A recreationally active man with a history of a lateral ankle sprain (grade I) was participating in a university Institutional Review Board-approved research study examining the neuromuscular and mechanical characteristics associated with chronic ankle instability...
October 2015: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Stefano Palminteri, Mehdi Khamassi, Mateus Joffily, Giorgio Coricelli
Compared with reward seeking, punishment avoidance learning is less clearly understood at both the computational and neurobiological levels. Here we demonstrate, using computational modelling and fMRI in humans, that learning option values in a relative--context-dependent--scale offers a simple computational solution for avoidance learning. The context (or state) value sets the reference point to which an outcome should be compared before updating the option value. Consequently, in contexts with an overall negative expected value, successful punishment avoidance acquires a positive value, thus reinforcing the response...
2015: Nature Communications
Newton S Canteras, Eloisa Pavesi, Antonio P Carobrez
Different types of predator odors engage elements of the hypothalamic predator-responsive circuit, which has been largely investigated in studies using cat odor exposure. Studies using cat odor have led to detailed mapping of the neural sites involved in innate and contextual fear responses. Here, we reviewed three lines of work examining the dynamics of the neural systems that organize innate and learned fear responses to cat odor. In the first section, we explored the neural systems involved in innate fear responses and in the acquisition and expression of fear conditioning to cat odor, with a particular emphasis on the role of the dorsal premammillary nucleus (PMd) and the dorsolateral periaqueductal gray (PAGdl), which are key sites that influence innate fear and contextual conditioning...
2015: Frontiers in Neuroscience
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