keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

SFI

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336938/determination-of-the-energy-requirements-in-mechanically-ventilated-critically-ill-elderly-patients-in-different-bmi-groups-using%C3%A2-the-harris-benedict-equation
#1
Pi-Hui Hsu, Chao-Hsien Lee, Li-Kuo Kuo, Yu-Chung Kung, Wei-Ji Chen, Min-Su Tzeng
BACKGROUND: Due to studies on calorie requirement in mechanically ventilated critically ill elderly patients are few, and indirect calorimetry (IC) is not available in every intensive care unit (ICU). The aim of this study was to compare IC and Harris-Benedict (HB) predictive equation in different BMI groups. METHODS: A total of 177 mechanically ventilated critically ill elderly patients (≧65 years old) underwent IC for measured resting energy expenditure (MREE)...
January 11, 2018: Journal of the Formosan Medical Association, Taiwan Yi Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327045/serial-in-office-intralesional-steroid-injections-in-airway-stenosis
#2
Caitlin Bertelsen, Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Karla O'Dell, Michael M Johns, Lindsay S Reder
Importance: Endoscopic dilation is the mainstay treatment strategy for subglottic and proximal tracheal stenosis (SGS/PTS). Its major limitation is restenosis requiring repeated surgery. Intralesional steroid injection (ISI) is a promising adjunctive treatment aimed at prolonging the effects of dilation. Objective: To evaluate the association of serial in-office ISI after endoscopic dilation with surgery-free interval (SFI) in adults with SGS/PTS. Design, Setting, and Participants: A retrospective study of adults with SGS/PTS who underwent at least 2 consecutive in-office ISI at the University of Southern California, Keck School of Medicine, over a 3-year period was conducted...
January 11, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284901/risk-factors-for-the-surgical-field-infections-after-the-osteosynthes-of-tibia-diaphysis
#3
Adnana Talic, Fuad Dzankovic, Adnan Papovic, Emina Omerhodzic
Introduction: Infections occurring in the wound as a consequence of the surgery represent the surgical field infections (SFI). Tibia diaphysis fractures are common due to its exposure to the external force. Clinical signs include: pain, swelling, lower leg deformity and skin changes. Tibia in the lower extremities has an eccentric position - from the front inner side it is covered only with the skin and from the back and the outer by muscle mass. The most common pathogens are: Staphylococcus aureus, Coagulase negative Staphylococcoc aureus or S...
October 2017: Medical Archives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250715/long-term-regular-eccentric-exercise-decreases-neuropathic-pain-like-behavior-and-improves-motor-functional-recovery-in-an-axonotmesis-mouse-model-the-role-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-1
#4
Daniel F Martins, Thiago C Martins, Ana Paula Batisti, Larissa Dos Santos Leonel, Franciane Bobinski, Luiz A O Belmonte, Leidiane Mazzardo-Martins, Eduardo Cargnin-Ferreira, Adair R S Santos
Although training programs with regular eccentric (ECC) exercise are more commonly used for improving muscular strength and mobility, ECC exercise effects upon functional recovery of the sciatic nerve has not yet been determined. After sciatic nerve crush, different mice groups were subjected to run on the treadmill for 30 min at a speed of 6, 10, or 14 m/min with - 16° slope, 5 days per week, over 8 weeks. During the training time, neuropathic pain-like behavior (mechanical and cold hyperalgesia) was assessed and functional recovery was determined with the grip strength test and the Sciatic Functional and Static indexes (SFI and SSI)...
December 18, 2017: Molecular Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244057/measuring-frailty-in-medicare-data-development-and-validation-of-a-claims-based-frailty-index
#5
Dae Hyun Kim, Sebastian Schneeweiss, Robert J Glynn, Lewis A Lipsitz, Kenneth Rockwood, Jerry Avorn
Background: Frailty is a key determinant of health status and outcomes of health care interventions in older adults that is not readily measured in Medicare data. This study aimed to develop and validate a claims-based frailty index (CFI). Methods: We used data from Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey 2006 (development sample: n = 5,593) and 2011 (validation sample: n = 4,424). A CFI was developed using the 2006 claims data to approximate a survey-based frailty index (SFI) calculated from the 2006 survey data as a reference standard...
December 13, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234363/shenfu-injection-adjunct-with-platinum-based-chemotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Ailing Cao, Hailang He, Mengxin Jing, Beibei Yu, Xianmei Zhou
Platinum-based chemotherapy is one of the standard treatments for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), while its high toxicity and limited clinical effects raise big concerns. Shenfu injection (SFI) has been commonly used as an adjutant chemotherapy drug for NSCLC in China. We ascertained the beneficial and adverse effects of SFI in combination with platinum-based chemotherapy for advanced NSCLC by using meta-analysis methods. The randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving advanced NSCLC treatment with SFI plus platinum-based chemotherapy versus chemotherapy alone were searched on 6 medical databases up to February 2017...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227824/reduced-inflammatory-factor-expression-facilitates-recovery-after-sciatic-nerve-injury-in-tlr4-mutant-mice
#7
Guoqing Tang, Jia Yao, Ruowu Shen, Aiyu Ji, Kai Ma, Beibei Cong, Fang Wang, Lingyu Zhu, Xuan Wang, Yingqiao Ding, Bei Zhang
Toll-like receptors (TLRs) are extremely significant pattern recognition receptors. When nerve injury occurs, a variety of inflammatory factors are generated, leading to an exceedingly complex micro-environment. TLRs recognize damage-associated molecular patterns. To investigate the correlation between TLR4 and recovery after sciatic nerve injury, the model of sciatic nerve injury was conducted using TLR4-mutated mice (C3H/HeJ) and wild mice (C3H/HeN). Our goal was to identify short-stage and long-stage changes after sciatic nerve injury, mainly by checking the expression changes of inflammation factors in the short-stage and the differences in the recovery of the injured sciatic nerve in the long-stage...
December 8, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191510/transplantation-of-human-amnion-prevents-recurring-adhesions-and-ameliorates-fibrosis-in-a-rat-model-of-sciatic-nerve-scarring
#8
Angela Lemke, James Ferguson, Kelly Gross, Carina Penzenstadler, Monika Bradl, Rupert Laurenz Mayer, Christopher Gerner, Heinz Redl, Susanne Wolbank
Peripheral nerve fibrosis and painful adhesions are common, recurring pathological sequelae following injury. In this study, vital human amnion (hAM), an increasingly interesting biomaterial for regenerative medicine, was investigated as a novel therapy. hAM was first analyzed in vitro regarding its anti-adhesive characteristics. Then, the reflected region of hAM which was identified as more suitable, was transplanted into female Sprague Dawley rats with recurring sciatic nerve scarring (n = 24) and compared with untreated controls (n = 30) at one, four and twelve weeks...
November 27, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182994/motor-fatigability-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-relation-between-different-upper-limb-muscles-and-with-fatigue-and-the-perceived-use-of-the-arm-in-daily-life
#9
Deborah Severijns, Fanny Van Geel, Peter Feys
BACKGROUND: Motor fatigability is increasingly acknowledged in persons with MS (pwMS). It is unknown whether fatigability is generalized across upper limb muscles and relates to fatigue and perceived difficulties in upper limb use. METHODS: This observational case-controlled study included twenty PwMS (median EDSS = 3, range 1.5-6.5) and twenty healthy controls who performed 30″ sustained maximal muscle contractions for index finger abduction, hand grip, elbow flexion and shoulder abduction...
November 22, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181161/effects-of-hydration-combined-with-shenfu-injection-on-contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#10
Zhen Guo, Dandan Niu, Yaren Yu, Di Zhen, Wenhua Li
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Shenfu injection (SFI) in the prevention of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). A single-center prospective and randomized controlled trial was performed and 148 ACS patients undergoing PCI were divided randomly into control (n=74; receiving only 0.9% sodium chloride solution for routine hydration) and intervention (n=74; based upon routine hydration and receiving SFI) groups...
November 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133875/heart-function-and-thoracic-aorta-gene-expression-profiling-studies-of-ginseng-combined-with-different-herbal-medicines-in-enos-knockout-mice
#11
Yuchen Qian, Pan Li, Bin Lv, Xiaoqing Jiang, Ting Wang, Han Zhang, Xiaoying Wang, Xiumei Gao
Ginseng, a popular herbal remedy, is often used in combination with other drugs to achieve the maximum therapeutic response. Shenfu (SFI) and Shenmai injection (SMI) have been widely used to treat cardiovascular disease in China. Our study explored the cardiovascular protection of SFI and SMI in eNOS knockout mice to investigate the differences and similarities of the two ginseng-combinations. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed to evaluate the left ventricular structure and function at baseline and 3, 7, and 14 days after drug administration...
November 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098916/a-novel-conduit-based-coaptation-device-for-primary-nerve-repair
#12
Ravinder Bamba, D Colton Riley, Nathaniel D Kelm, Nancy Cardwell, Alonda C Pollins, Ashkan Afshari, Lyly Ngyuen, Richard D Dortch, Wesley P Thayer
BACKGROUND: Conduit-based nerve repairs are commonly used for small nerve gaps, whereas primary repair may be performed if there is no tension on nerve endings. We hypothesize a conduit-based nerve coaptation device will improve nerve repair outcomes by avoiding sutures at the nerve repair site and utilizing the advantages of a conduit-based repair. METHODS: The left sciatic nerves of female Sprague-Dawley rats were transected and repaired using a novel conduit-based device...
November 3, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089890/long-chain-omega-3-fatty-acids-supplementation-accelerates-nerve-regeneration-and-prevents-neuropathic-pain-behavior-in-mice
#13
Rafaela V Silva, Julia T Oliveira, Bruna L R Santos, Fabiana C Dias, Ana M B Martinez, Cleverton K F Lima, Ana L P Miranda
Fish oil (FO) is the main source of long chain omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (ω-3 PUFAs), which display relevant analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. Peripheral nerve injury is driven by degeneration, neuroinflammation, and neuronal plasticity which results in neuropathic pain (NP) symptoms such as allodynia and hyperalgesia. We tested the preventive effect of an EPA/DHA-concentrate fish oil (CFO) on NP development and regenerative features. Swiss mice received daily oral treatment with CFO 4...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062327/risk-factors-associated-with-acquiring-superficial-fungal-infections-in-school-children-in-south-western-nigeria-a-comparative-study
#14
Olaide Oke Olutoyin, Olaniyi Onayemi, Akinlolu Omisore Gabriel
INTRODUCTION: Superficial fungal infections (SFI) are caused mainly by dermatophytes and yeasts. SFI is of major public health concern and is a common cause of skin disease among school children. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with acquiring superficial fungal infections in school children in Ile-Ife, South West Nigeria as this will assist in instituting appropriate interventions. METHODS: A total of 560 children; 280 with superficial fungal infections as subjects and 280 age and sex matched school children as controls were recruited through multistage sampling method from 10 primary schools (private and public owned) in Ile-Ife, Nigeria...
June 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047361/cross-cultural-validation-of-simplified-chinese-version-of-spine-functional-index
#15
Xiao-Yi Zhou, Xi-Ming Xu, Jian-Ping Fan, Fei Wang, Sui-Yi Wu, Zi-Cheng Zhang, Yi-Lin Yang, Ming Li, Xian-Zhao Wei
BACKGROUND: No effective constructs were available in mainland China to assess the whole spine function. The SFI was developed to evaluate spinal function based on the concept of a single kinetic chain concept for whole spine. The SFI has been translated to Spanish and Turkish with accepted psychometric properties. It is imperative to introduce the SFI in mainland China and further to explore the measurement properties. METHODS: The English versions of the SFI was cross-culturally translated according to international guidelines...
October 18, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044452/effects-of-alpha-lipoic-acid-on-motor-function-and-antioxidant-enzyme-activity-of-nerve-tissue-after-sciatic-nerve-crush-injury-in-rats
#16
Sarper Kocaoğlu, Özgür Aktaş, Oğuzhan Zengi, Azmi Tufan, Feyza Karagöz Güzey
AIM: Background: Alpha lipoic acid (ALA) that is a strong antioxidant drug is tried for both protection and treatment of various diseases of central and peripheral nervous systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Material and Methods: Protective effects of ALA on crush type peripheral nerve injury were evaluated. 28 Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into four groups: In Group 1, sciatic nerve was only explored. Sciatic nerve crush injury was performed after serum physiologic injection intraperitoneally in Group 2, and after ALA injection in Groups 3 and 4...
August 31, 2017: Turkish Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027098/voluntary-feed-intake-and-growth-performance-of-slow-growing-pigs-fed-on-increasing-levels-of-ensiled-potato-hash-meal
#17
C N Ncobela, A T Kanengoni, R S Thomas, M Chimonyo
The objective of the study was to determine voluntary feed intake and growth performance of Windsnyer pigs fed on increasing levels of potato hash silage meal. Thirty-six growing Windsnyer pigs (19 kg ± 5.59) (mean ± standard deviation (SD)) were individually and randomly assigned to six experimental diets containing 0, 80, 160, 240, 320 and 400 g/kg DM of potato hash silage. Diets containing the potato hash silage were formulated using diet dilution method from 0 g/kg and 400 g/kg. Six pigs were fed on each diet ad libitum for 6 weeks...
October 12, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28986814/effect-of-shen-fu-injection-on-hemodynamics-in-early-volume-resuscitation-treated-septic-shock-patients
#18
Kai-Liang Fan, Jun-Hui Wang, Li Kong, Fei-Hu Zhang, Hao Hao, Hao Zhao, Zheng-Yun Tian, Ming-Xin Yin, Hua Fang, Hui-Hui Yang, Yang Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the hemodynamic effect of Shen-Fu Injection (, SFI) in early volume resuscitation treated septic shock patients by monitoring pulse indicator continuous cardiac output (PICCO). METHODS: All septic shock patients admitted in the Intensive Care Unit of the Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine from January 1st, 2014 to December 31th, 2015, were reviewed, and totally 65 were enrolled in this study. They were assigned to SFI group (33 cases) and control group (32 cases)...
October 6, 2017: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976233/a-review-of-drug-therapy-for-sporadic-fatal-insomnia
#19
Pardis Tabaee Damavandi, Martin T Dove, Richard W Pickersgill
BACKGROUND: Sporadic fatal insomnia (sFI) is a rapid progressive neurodegenerative disease characterised by gradual to perpetual insomnia, followed by dysautonomia, coma and death. (1) The cause of sFI was recently mapped to a mutation in a protein, the prion, found in the human brain. It is the unfolding of the prion that leads to the generation of toxic oligomers that destroy brain tissue and function. Recent studies have confirmed that a methionine mutation at codon 129 of the human Prion is characteristic of sFI...
September 3, 2017: Prion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969830/patent-gastrointestinal-nematode-infections-in-organically-and-conventionally-pastured-dairy-cows-and-their-impact-on-individual-milk-and-fertility-parameters
#20
Katharina May, Kerstin Brügemann, Sven König, Christina Strube
Infections with gastrointestinal nematodes (GIN) can lead to production losses and impacts on product quality in affected cows, which has mainly been demonstrated during deworming experiments or via herd-level measurements. Here, a field study was carried out to explore the association between GIN infection status and milk production as well as fertility parameters in individual dairy cows. Different selection lines of Black and White cows were included in the study, which were distributed among 17 small and medium-sized organic and conventional German grassland farms...
October 15, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
keyword
keyword
26043
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"