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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330373/the-association-of-fit-fat-index-with-incident-diabetes-in-japanese-men-a-prospective-cohort-study
#1
Robert A Sloan, Susumu S Sawada, Lee I-Min, Yuko Gando, Ryoko Kawakami, Takashi Okamoto, Koji Tsukamoto, Motohiko Miyachi
Type 2 diabetes is increasing globally and in Asia. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of a fit-fat index (FFI) with diabetes incidence among Japanese men. In total 5,014 men aged 18-64 years old, who had an annual health check up with no history of major chronic disease at baseline from 2002 to 2009 were observed. CRF was estimated via cycle ergometry. Overall, 7.6% of the men developed diabetes. The mean follow-up period was 5.3 years. Hazard ratios, 95% confidence intervals and P trend for diabetes incidence were obtained using the Cox proportional hazards model while adjusting for confounding variables...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327602/combination-therapy-versus-exercise-and-orthotic-support-in-the-management-of-pain-in-plantar-fasciitis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Eda Cinar, Shikha Saxena, Fatma Uygur
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at estimating the effectiveness of two commonly used modalities-extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT)-each combined with usual care (exercises and orthotic supports) in comparison to only usual care to relieve pain in patients with plantar fasciitis (PF). METHODS: Participants with PF were randomly allocated into 3 groups: ESWT (n = 25), LLLT (n = 24), and control (n = 17). All participants received a home exercise program with orthotic support...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325424/immediate-weight-bearing-after-hallux-valgus-correction-using-locking-plate-fixation-of-the-ludloff-osteotomy-a-retrospective-review
#3
Steven K Neufeld, John J Marcel, Michael Campbell
BACKGROUND: A Ludloff osteotomy is a common procedure used to correct hallux valgus deformities. Traditionally, the osteotomy is stabilized with screws only, thus requiring the patient to be non-weight bearing until healed. There have been no outcome studies analyzing immediate weight bearing after Ludloff osteotomy for hallux valgus. METHODS: Of the 350 patients (390 feet) who underwent a Ludloff osteotomy fixed with a locking plate and prescribed an immediate weight-bearing postoperative protocol, 288 patients (326 feet) were included in the analysis...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319357/assessing-the-evaluative-content-of-personality-questionnaires-using-bifactor-models
#4
Michael D Biderman, Samuel T McAbee, Zhuo Job Chen, Nhung T Hendy
Exploratory bifactor models with keying factors were applied to item response data for the NEO-FFI-3 and HEXACO-PI-R questionnaires. Loadings on a general factor and positive and negative keying factors correlated with independent estimates of item valence, suggesting that item valence influences responses to these questionnaires. Correlations between personality domain scores and measures of self-esteem, depression, and positive and negative affect were all reduced significantly when the influence of evaluative content represented by the general and keying factors was removed...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300419/the-my-meal-intake-tool-m-mit-validity-of-a-patient-self-assessment-for-food-and-fluid-intake-at-a-single-meal
#5
J McCullough, H Keller
OBJECTIVES: Hospital malnutrition is an under-recognized issue that leads to a variety of adverse outcomes, especially for older adults. Food/fluid intake (FFI) monitoring in hospital can be used to identify those who are improving and those who need further treatment. Current monitoring practices such as calorie counts are impractical for all patients and a patient-completed tool, if valid, could support routine FFI monitoring. The aim of this research was to determine whether the patient-completed My Meal Intake Tool (M-MIT) can accurately represent FFI at a single meal...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299766/patient-perceived-outcomes-after-subtalar-arthroereisis-with-bioabsorbable-implants-for-flexible-flatfoot-in-growing-age-a-4-year-follow-up-study
#6
Cesare Faldini, Antonio Mazzotti, Alessandro Panciera, Valentina Persiani, Francesco Pardo, Fabrizio Perna, Sandro Giannini
PURPOSE: Results of subtalar arthroereisis in flexible flatfoot have been mainly reported in the literature using clinical or radiographical findings. However, the aim of this study is to evaluate the patient-perceived quality of life using self-reported questionnaires after subtalar arthroereisis using a bioabsorbable implant. METHODS: Italian modified FFI and the SEFAS scores were submitted to a consecutive series of 173 patients who underwent surgical treatment for flatfoot deformity using a bioabsorbable endo-orthotic implant...
January 3, 2018: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298501/minimally-invasive-distal-metatarsal-metaphyseal-osteotomy-of-the-lesser-toes-learning-curve
#7
Sabine Krenn, Sascha Albers, Peter Bock, Clemens Mansfield, Michel Chraim, Hans-Joerg Trnka
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive surgery has a shorter surgical time, and in this study we focus on minimally invasive distal metatarsal metaphyseal osteotomy (DMMO). The operation seems to be less complex but requires a high learning curve. We report on our first patients to underline the need for extensive training and great awareness for the risks in the early learning stages. METHODS: We evaluated 27 patients (mean age = 60.9 years) with a mean follow-up time of 7...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289968/screening-for-maternal-postpartum-depression-and-associationswith-personality-traits-and-social-support-a-polish-follow-upstudy-4-weeks-and-3-months-after-delivery
#8
Karolina Maliszewska, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Mariola Bidzan, Preis Krzysztof
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the likelihood of postpartum depression and to explore maternal characteristics in terms of personality, social support and other medical and psychological data. METHODS: A sample of 548 patients was investigated 4 weeks and 3 months after delivery. They responded to questionnaires containing sociodemographic questions: the EPDS (Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale), the PHQ-9 (Patient Health Questionnaire-9), theNEO-FFI (Personality Inventory), and the BSSS (Berlin Social Support Scales)...
October 29, 2017: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258312/genetic-and-rare-disease-of-the-cns-part-i-fatal-familial-insomnia-ffi
#9
Craig W Lindsley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2017: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245265/agrypnia-excitata-and-obstructive-apnea-in-a-patient-with-fatal-familial-insomnia-from-china-a-case-report
#10
Congcong Sun, Wen Xia, Ying Liu, Guoyong Jia, Cuilan Wang, Chuanzhu Yan, Yi Li
RATIONALE: Fatal familial insomnia (FFI) linked to a D178N/129M haplotype mutation in the PRNP gene is the most common genetic prion disease in the Han Chinese population. Here, we describe a Han Chinese patient with FFI who exhibited agrypnia excitata and obstructive apnea. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 46-year-old man displayed involuntary movements during sleep time, snoring, autonomic nervous system dysfunction, cognitive deficit, brainstem symptoms, myoclonus and ataxia in order within 8 months...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236935/translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-revised-foot-function-index-for-the-portuguese-language-ffi-r-brazil
#11
Liu Chiao Yi, Ana Carolina Camacho Cabral, Danilo Harudy Kamonseki, Elly Budiman-Mak, Milena Carlos Vidotto
BACKGROUND: The revised foot function index (FFI-R) is used to evaluate the functionality of patients with conditions that affect the feet. The objective here was to produce the Brazilian Portuguese version of this index. DESIGN AND SETTING: Translation and validation study conducted at the Federal University of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: The translation and cultural adaptation process involved translation by two independent translators, analysis by an expert committee, back translation into the original language, analysis by the expert committee again and a pretest...
December 7, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231022/-forensic-psychiatric-assessment-for-organic-personality-disorders-after-craniocerebral-trauma
#12
C H Li, L N Huang, M C Zhang, M He
OBJECTIVES: To explore the occurrence and the differences of clinical manifestations of organic personality disorder with varying degrees of craniocerebral trauma. METHODS: According to the International Classification of Diseases-10, 396 subjects with craniocerebral trauma caused by traffic accidents were diagnosed, and the degrees of craniocerebral trauma were graded. The personality characteristics of all patients were evaluated using the simplified Neuroticism Extraversion Openness Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)...
April 2017: Fa Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221889/on-exploring-vocal-ornamentation-in-byzantine-chant
#13
Dimitrios S Delviniotis, Sergios Theodoridis
OBJECTIVES: A special vocal ornament in Byzantine chant (BC), the single cycle ornamentation structure (SCOS), is defined and compared with the vibrato with respect to its time (rate, extent) and spectral (slope [SS], relative speaker's formant [SPF] level, formant frequencies [Fi] and bandwidths [Bi], and noise-to-harmonics ratio [NHR]) characteristics. STUDY DESIGN: This is a comparative study between the vocal ornaments of SCOS and vibrato, of which time and spectral acoustic parameters were measured, statistically analyzed, and compared...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216791/the-associations-of-two-snps-in-mirna-146a-and-one-snp-in-zbtb38-rasa2-with-the-disease-susceptibility-and-the-clinical-features-of-the-chinese-patients-of-scjd-and-ffi
#14
Chen Gao, Qiang Shi, Jing Wei, Wei Zhou, Kang Xiao, Jing Wang, Qi Shi, Xiao-Ping Dong
Prion diseases are a group of fatal neurodegenerative disorders that affect humans and animals. Besides of the pathological agent, prion, there are some elements that can influence or determine susceptibility to prion infection and the clinical phenotype of the diseases, e.g., the polymorphism in PRNP gene. Another polymorphism in ZBTB38-RASA2 has been observed to be associated with the susceptibility of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jacob disease (sCJD) in UK. MicroRNAs are endogenous small noncoding RNAs that control gene expression by targeting mRNAs and triggering either translation repression or RNA degradation...
December 8, 2017: Prion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200487/morton-s-neuroma-interdigital-neuralgia-treated-with-metatarsal-sliding-osteotomy
#15
Joonho Lee, Jeongyo Kim, Myoungjin Lee, Intak Chu, Sungjae Lee, Heuichul Gwak
Background: Morton's neuroma is a common cause of metatarsalgia and many treatments had been described in literature. However, there have been only a few reports that treat the neuroma with an osteotomy on the proximal, not distal portion of the metatarsal bone using a plate. This study describes the clinical outcome of sliding osteotomy on the proximal metatarsal bone for the treatment of Morton's neuroma. Materials and Methods: Sixty five consecutive patients (85 feet) who underwent surgery for Morton's neuroma between November 2010 and February 2013 were identified from hospital records to include in this retrospective study...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161631/perceived-epilepsy-stigma-mediates-relationships-between-personality-and-social-well-being-in-a-diverse-epilepsy-population
#16
Seth A Margolis, Luba Nakhutina, Sarah G Schaffer, Arthur C Grant, Jeffrey S Gonzalez
INTRODUCTION: Perceived epilepsy stigma and reduced social well-being are prevalent sources of distress in people with epilepsy (PWE). Yet, research on patient-level correlates of these difficulties is lacking, especially among underserved groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Racially/ethnically diverse adults with intractable seizures (N=60, 62% female; 79% Black, 20% Hispanic/Latino, 8% White) completed validated measures of personality (NEO Five Factor Inventory, NEO-FFI-3), perceived epilepsy stigma (Epilepsy Stigma Scale, ESS), and quality of life (Quality of Life Inventory in Epilepsy, QOLIE-89)...
November 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142239/differential-overexpression-of-serpina3-in-human-prion-diseases
#17
S Vanni, F Moda, M Zattoni, E Bistaffa, E De Cecco, M Rossi, G Giaccone, F Tagliavini, S Haïk, J P Deslys, G Zanusso, J W Ironside, I Ferrer, G G Kovacs, G Legname
Prion diseases are fatal neurodegenerative disorders with sporadic, genetic or acquired etiologies. The molecular alterations leading to the onset and the spreading of these diseases are still unknown. In a previous work we identified a five-gene signature able to distinguish intracranially BSE-infected macaques from healthy ones, with SERPINA3 showing the most prominent dysregulation. We analyzed 128 suitable frontal cortex samples, from prion-affected patients (variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (vCJD) n = 20, iatrogenic CJD (iCJD) n = 11, sporadic CJD (sCJD) n = 23, familial CJD (gCJD) n = 17, fatal familial insomnia (FFI) n = 9, Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker syndrome (GSS)) n = 4), patients with Alzheimer disease (AD, n = 14) and age-matched controls (n = 30)...
November 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135720/clinical-outcome-following-total-joint-replacement-and-arthrodesis-for-hallux-rigidus-a-systematic-review
#18
Jasper Stevens, Robin T A L de Bot, Joris P S Hermus, Lodewijk W van Rhijn, Adhiambo M Witlox
BACKGROUND: Hallux rigidus is a common cause of foot pain in the elderly and has a negative impact on quality of life. Several operative treatment options are available for feet that are refractory to conservative treatment. Of these, total joint replacement and arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint are the most commonly performed interventions. Nevertheless, it is still not known which intervention results in the best clinical outcome and the fewest complications. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched for studies assessing outcome with the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society-Hallux Metatarsophalangeal Interphalangeal (AOFAS-HMI) score, Foot Function Index (FFI), visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, or Short Form-36 (SF-36) in patients who underwent an arthrodesis or total joint replacement for the treatment of symptomatic hallux rigidus...
November 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119956/-a-study-of-the-effective-psychotherapist-image-and-expectations-about-psychotherapy-among-the-employees-of-hazardous-occupations-policemen
#19
V A Agarkov, S A Bronfman, D Y Maltseva
BACKGRAUND: The objective of the present study was to estimate the expectations about psychotherapy in terms of social and medical rehabilitation among the employees of hazardous occupations suffering from the consequences of a psychological trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 100 subjects employed by various departments of the Russian Ministry of Internal Affairs (MIA) were recruited to participate in the study. Their age varied from 19 to 35 (mean 25.8±3...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111452/extraversion-and-cardiovascular-responses-to-recurrent-social-stress-effect-of-stress-intensity
#20
Wei Lü, Wanying Xing, Brian M Hughes, Zhenhong Wang
The present study sought to establish whether the effects of extraversion on cardiovascular responses to recurrent social stress are contingent on stress intensity. A 2×5×1 mixed-factorial experiment was conducted, with social stress intensity as a between-subject variable, study phase as a within-subject variable, extraversion as a continuous independent variable, and cardiovascular parameter (HR, SBP, DBP, or RSA) as a dependent variable. Extraversion (NEO-FFI), subjective stress, and physiological stress were measured in 166 undergraduate students randomly assigned to undergo moderate (n=82) or high-intensity (n=84) social stress (a public speaking task with different levels of social evaluation)...
October 27, 2017: International Journal of Psychophysiology
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