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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28059574/the-activation-of-incompetence-schemas-in-response-to-negative-sexual-events-in-heterosexual-and-lesbian-women-the-moderator-role-of-personality-traits-and-dysfunctional-sexual-beliefs
#1
Maria Manuela Peixoto, Pedro Nobre
Personality traits and dysfunctional sexual beliefs have been described as vulnerability factors for sexual dysfunction in women, and have also been proposed as dispositional variables for the activation of incompetence schemas in response to negative sexual events. However, no study has tested the role of personality traits and dysfunctional sexual beliefs in the activation of incompetence schemas. The current study aimed to assess the moderator role of neuroticism, extraversion, and dysfunctional sexual beliefs in the association between frequency of unsuccessful sexual episodes and activation of incompetence schemas in heterosexual and lesbian women...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043054/dynamic-plantar-pressure-distribution-strength-capacity-and-postural-control-after-lisfranc-fracture-dislocation
#2
Alexander T Mehlhorn, Markus Walther, Tayfun Yilmaz, Lennart Gunst, Anja Hirschmüller, Norbert P Südkamp, Hagen Schmal
Substantial progress has been made in the operative treatment of Lisfranc fractures, however, the prognosis remains poor. We hypothesized that Lisfranc injuries change the postural control and muscle strength of the lower limb. Both are suggested to correlate with the clinical outcome and quality of life. 17 consecutive patients suffering from a Lisfranc fracture dislocation were registered, underwent open reduction and internal fixation and were followed-up for 50.5±25.7months (Mean±SDM). Biomechanical analysis of muscle strength capacities, postural control and plantar pressure distribution was assessed >6 month postoperatively...
December 19, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999504/neurectomy-outcomes-in-patients-with-morton-neuroma-comparison-of-plantar-vs-dorsal-approaches
#3
Alexander Habashy, Gonzalo Sumarriva, Robert J Treuting
BACKGROUND: Morton neuroma is a compressive neuropathy of the plantar digital nerve. Several surgical approaches have been used to treat painful Morton neuroma, with each approach having distinct advantages and disadvantages. For this study, we used validated outcome assessment tools to retrospectively compare patient satisfaction with 2 approaches. METHODS: The medical records and survey responses of 37 patients with 42 neuromas were evaluated with respect to outcomes and patient satisfaction after neurectomies performed through either a plantar or dorsal surgical approach by one Ochsner Clinic Foundation attending physician...
2016: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990471/are-the-results-of-questionnaires-measuring-non-cognitive-characteristics-during-the-selection-procedure-for-medical-school-application-biased-by-social-desirability
#4
Katrin U Obst, Linda Brüheim, Jürgen Westermann, Alexander Katalinic, Thomas Kötter
Introduction: A stronger consideration of non-cognitive characteristics in Medical School application procedures is desirable. Psychometric tests could be used as an economic supplement to face-to-face interviews which are frequently conducted during university internal procedures for Medical School applications (AdH, Auswahlverfahren der Hochschulen). This study investigates whether the results of psychometric questionnaires measuring non-cognitive characteristics such as personality traits, empathy, and resilience towards stress are vulnerable to distortions of social desirability when used in the context of selection procedures at Medical Schools...
2016: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943639/genetic-prion-disease-experience-of-a-rapidly-progressive-dementia-center-in-the-united-states-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Leonel T Takada, Mee-Ohk Kim, Ross W Cleveland, Katherine Wong, Sven A Forner, Ignacio Illán Gala, Jamie C Fong, Michael D Geschwind
Although prion diseases are generally thought to present as rapidly progressive dementias with survival of only a few months, the phenotypic spectrum for genetic prion diseases (gPrDs) is much broader. The majority have a rapid decline with short survival, but many patients with gPrDs present as slowly progressive ataxic or parkinsonian disorders with progression over a few to several years. A few very rare mutations even present as neuropsychiatric disorders, sometimes with systemic symptoms such as gastrointestinal disorders and neuropathy, progressing over years to decades...
January 2017: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part B, Neuropsychiatric Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926682/clinical-outcomes-of-nonunions-of-hindfoot-and-ankle-fusions
#6
Fabian Krause, Alastair S E Younger, Judith F Baumhauer, Timothy R Daniels, Mark Glazebrook, Peter T Evangelista, Michael S Pinzur, Gowreeson Thevendran, Rafe M J Donahue, Christopher W DiGiovanni
BACKGROUND: While nonunion after foot and ankle fusion surgery has been associated with poor outcomes, we are not aware of any longitudinal study on this subject. Thus, we prospectively evaluated the impact of nonunion on clinical outcomes of foot and ankle fusions and identified potential risk factors for nonunion after these procedures. METHODS: Using data from a randomized clinical trial on recombinant human platelet-derived growth factor-BB (rhPDGF-BB; Augment Bone Graft, BioMimetic Therapeutics), union was defined either by assessment of computed tomography (CT) scans at 24 weeks by a reviewer blinded to the type of treatment or by the surgeon's composite assessment of clinical and radiographic findings at 52 weeks and CT findings at 24 or 36 weeks...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891043/time-perspectives-predict-mood-states-and-satisfaction-with-life-over-and-above-personality
#7
Maciej Stolarski, Gerald Matthews
The present study aimed to test the incremental validity of Time Perspective (TP) scales in predicting satisfaction with life and mood, over and above the Big Five personality traits. It also investigated whether the new TP construct of Future Negative perspective contributed to prediction of these outcomes. Participants (N = 265) completed four measures: Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS), UWIST Mood Adjective Checklist (UMACL), a modified Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI), and NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)...
2016: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888788/alternate-hot-and-cold-application-in-the-management-of-heel-pain-a-pilot-study
#8
Dhananjay Arankalle, Jon Wardle, Pradeep M K Nair
BACKGROUND: Despite a long-standing tradition of naturopathic physical therapy and hydrotherapy use in the treatment of musculoskeletal conditions, neither naturopathy, nor specific aspects of hydrotherapy have been tested for efficacy in the treatment of heel pain. METHODS: Patients (n=20) were assigned to standard naturopathic physiotherapy care (NPC) with two adjuvant therapy groups: a control group (therapeutic ultrasound, n=10), or alternating compresses (n=10)...
December 2016: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857507/patient-satisfaction-after-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-through-lateral-extensile-approach-in-displaced-intraarticular-calcaneal-fractures-sander-s-type-ii-and-iii
#9
Khatri Kavin, Sharma Vijay, Lakhotia Devendra, Farooque Kamran
AIM: To determine patient satisfaction in the patients of displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures treated with standard lateral approach. METHOD: The patients of displaced calcaneal fractures (Sander's type II and III) treated between March 2009 and March 2012 were included in the retrospective review and functional outcome was evaluated using American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) hind foot score, Creighton Nebraska Health Foundation Assessment (CNHFA) scale and foot function index (FFI)...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847928/the-significance-of-the-personality-traits-of-schizophrenic-patients-and-their-therapists-for-the-therapeutic-relationship
#10
Anna Bielańska, Andrzej Cechnicki, Igor Hanuszkiewicz
OBJECTIVES: To analyse: 1) the associations between the therapists' and patients' assessments of the relationship, 2) the relationship between the personality traits of the therapists the personality traits of the patients and their assessments of the relationship, 3) the relationship between age, sex and the personality traits of both groups and their assessment of the relationship. METHODS: 34 patients in long-term psychotherapy and their 11 therapists were investigated...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812449/validity-and-reliability-of-the-foot-function-index-ffi-questionnaire-brazilian-portuguese-version
#11
Bruna Reclusa Martinez, Isabela Maschk Staboli, Danilo Harudy Kamonseki, Elly Budiman-Mak, Liu Chiao Yi
PURPOSE: To evaluate the validity and reliability of the Foot Function Index (FFI) in its Brazilian Portuguese version. METHODS: The validity and reliability of the FFI were tested in 50 volunteers, with plantar fasciitis, metatarsalgia and chronic ankle sprain. The FFI validity process used the Short Form-36 (SF-36) and Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS) questionnaires. The correlation between FFI, SF-36 and FAOS was done using the Pearson's linear coefficient...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810026/does-osteoarthritis-of-the-ankle-joint-progress-after-triple-arthrodesis-a-midterm-prospective-outcome-study
#12
Chris A M Aarts, Petra J C Heesterbeek, Perry E M Jaspers, Mark Stegeman, Jan Willem K Louwerens
BACKGROUND: Debate exists regarding the effect of triple fusion on the development of osteoarthritis (OA) of the ankle joint. The midterm outcome after triple arthrodesis and the prevalence of OA following triple arthrodesis are reported in this study. The role of alignment in the development of OA was investigated. METHODS: Seventy five patients (87 feet) were evaluated in 2003 and of these, 48 patients (55 feet) were available for second evaluation in 2008. X-rays of the ankles and feet were made prior to surgery, in 2003 and in 2008, and the level of osteoarthritis (OA) was graded with the Kellgren and Lawrence score...
December 2016: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807782/a-prospective-study-of-the-relationship-between-patient-character-and-blood-pressure-in-dental-implant-surgery
#13
Masahiro Wada, Syunta Miwa, Tomoaki Mameno, Tohru Suganami, Kazunori Ikebe, Yoshinobu Maeda
BACKGROUND: Patients often suffer from physical and mental stress in dental implant surgery. The aim of this prospective study is to investigate the relationship between patient character and blood pressure in dental implant surgery. METHODS: Fifteen patients were recruited for the present study. All patients had never received implant treatment in the past. To evaluate the patients' personality trait, NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) was used. All patients answered 50 questions at the first visit and divided in five dimensions: neuroticism, extraversion, openness, agreeableness, and conscientiousness...
December 2016: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789640/draft-genome-sequences-of-burkholderia-contaminans-ffi-28-a-strain-isolated-from-a-contaminated-pharmaceutical-solution
#14
Maria Sol Haim, Marta Mollerach, Gary Van Domselaar, Sergio A Teves, José Degrossi, Silvia T Cardona
Burkholderia contaminans is a species of the Burkholderia cepacia complex, a group of bacteria that can grow in pharmaceutical products and are capable of infecting the immunocompromised and people with cystic fibrosis. Here, we report draft genome sequences for Burkholderia contaminans FFI-28, a strain isolated from a contaminated pharmaceutical solution.
October 27, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27777608/personality-traits-gender-roles-and-sexual-behaviours-of-young-adult-males
#15
Jacek Kurpisz, Monika Mak, Michał Lew-Starowicz, Krzysztof Nowosielski, Przemysław Bieńkowski, Robert Kowalczyk, Błażej Misiak, Dorota Frydecka, Jerzy Samochowiec
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have shown that personality characteristics affect sexual functioning. The aim of this exploratory study was to assess and describe the relationship between global personality traits and the stereotypical femininity and masculinity levels with the broad aspects of sexual behaviours and attitudes in the group of 97 heterosexual young adult men aged 19-39 and living in Poland. METHODS: The 'Big Five' personality traits were measured with the NEO-FFI questionnaire; stereotypical femininity and masculinity with the Bem sex role inventory (BSRI); sexual disorders with the International index of erectile function (IIEF); socio-epidemiological data, sexual behaviours and attitudes towards sexuality with a self-constructed questionnaire...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753104/physiological-adaptation-to-recurrent-social-stress-of-extraversion
#16
Wei Lu, Zhenhong Wang
The present studies examined the influence of extraversion on physiological reactivity, recovery, and physiological habituation-sensitization to repeated social stressors. In Study 1, subjective and physiological data were collected from 97 college students who were categorized as high (n = 51) and low (n = 46) on extraversion (NEO-FFI) across five laboratory stages: baseline, stress 1, poststress 1, stress 2, and poststress 2. Results indicated high extraversion (HE) participants exhibited relative lesser heart rate (HR) reactivity and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) withdrawals to, and more complete HR and RSA recovery after the first social stress, and also exhibited relative lesser HR reactivity to the second social stress...
October 18, 2016: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678044/neuroticism-and-fatigue-3-months-after-ischemic-stroke-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Chieh Grace Lau, Wai Kwong Tang, Xiang Xin Liu, Hua Jun Liang, Yan Liang, Vincent Mok, Adrian Wong, Gabor S Ungvari, Mansur A Kutlubaev, Ka Sing Wong
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relation between neuroticism and fatigue in Chinese patients with stroke. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Acute stroke unit. PARTICIPANTS: Survivors of ischemic stroke (N=191) recruited from the acute stroke unit between May 1, 2010, and September 1, 2011. INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The personality trait of neuroticism was measured with the neuroticism subscale of the Chinese version of the NEO Five-Factor Inventory...
September 24, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27629403/the-warwick-agreement-on-femoroacetabular-impingement-syndrome-fai-syndrome-an-international-consensus-statement
#18
D R Griffin, E J Dickenson, J O'Donnell, R Agricola, T Awan, M Beck, J C Clohisy, H P Dijkstra, E Falvey, M Gimpel, R S Hinman, P Hölmich, A Kassarjian, H D Martin, R Martin, R C Mather, M J Philippon, M P Reiman, A Takla, K Thorborg, S Walker, A Weir, K L Bennell
The 2016 Warwick Agreement on femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome was convened to build an international, multidisciplinary consensus on the diagnosis and management of patients with FAI syndrome. 22 panel members and 1 patient from 9 countries and 5 different specialties participated in a 1-day consensus meeting on 29 June 2016. Prior to the meeting, 6 questions were agreed on, and recent relevant systematic reviews and seminal literature were circulated. Panel members gave presentations on the topics of the agreed questions at Sports Hip 2016, an open meeting held in the UK on 27-29 June...
October 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621715/salience-in-second-language-acquisition-physical-form-learner-attention-and-instructional-focus
#19
Myrna C Cintrón-Valentín, Nick C Ellis
We consider the role of physical form, prior experience, and form focused instruction (FFI) in adult language learning. (1) When presented with competing cues to interpretation, learners are more likely to attend to physically more salient cues in the input. (2) Learned attention is an associative learning phenomenon where prior-learned cues block those that are experienced later. (3) The low salience of morphosyntactic cues can be overcome by FFI, which leads learners to attend cues which might otherwise be ignored...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618644/executive-function-and-personality-predict-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-in-alzheimer-disease
#20
Shumita Roy, Stephanie Ficarro, Paul Duberstein, Benjamin P Chapman, Steven Dubovsky, Margaret Paroski, Kinga Szigeti, Ralph H B Benedict
OBJECTIVE: Previous research shows that executive function (EF) and personality independently predict functional decline. Our objective was to determine whether personality traits predict independence with instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), after accounting for executive dysfunction, in a mixed sample of patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer disease (AD). METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis at a university medical center, 63 healthy older adults (median age: 67...
November 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
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