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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647925/psychobehavioral-effects-of-meditation
#1
Mieczyslaw Pokorski, Anna Suchorzynska
Meditation is an increasingly popular psychobehavioral therapy. Various meditation techniques in use make it hard to objectively scrutinize the psychological benefits. Therefore, in this study we set out to examine the effects of two fundamentally different meditative techniques, Zazen, 'seated meditation', in which the body and mind are calmed, and Tai Chi, 'meditation in motion', based on energetic martial art performance. The aim was to compare the effects of both techniques on personality structure, emotional intelligence, mood, and coping with stress...
June 25, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647522/functional-medium-term-results-after-autologous-matrix-induced-chondrogenesis-for-osteochondral-lesions-of-the-talus-a-5-year-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Oliver Gottschalk, Sebastian Altenberger, Sebastian Baumbach, Stefanie Kriegelstein, Florian Dreyer, Alexander Mehlhorn, Hubert Hörterer, Andreas Töpfer, Anke Röser, Markus Walther
Autologous matrix-induced chondrogenesis (AMIC) has gained popularity in the treatment of osteochondral lesions of the talus. Previous studies have presented promising short-term results for AMIC talar osteochondral lesion repair, a 1-step technique using a collagen type I/III bilayer matrix. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mid-term effects. The 5-year results of a prospective cohort study are presented. All patients underwent an open AMIC procedure for a talar osteochondral lesion. Data analysis included general demographic data, preoperative magnetic resonance imaging findings, intraoperative details, and German version of the Foot Function Index (FFI-D) scores preoperatively and at 1 and 5 years after surgery...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633774/treatment-of-chronic-plantar-fasciitis-with-noninvasive-interactive-neurostimulation-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#3
Cristina Razzano, Stefano Carbone, Massimiliano Mangone, M Raffaella Iannotta, Alessandro Battaglia, Valter Santilli
The initial treatment of plantar fasciitis should be conservative, with most cases responding to standard physiotherapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), heel pads, and stretching. In cases of chronic refractory symptoms, more invasive treatment could be necessary. Noninvasive interactive neurostimulation (NIN) is a form of electric therapy that works by locating areas of lower skin impedance. The objective of the present prospective randomized controlled study was to evaluate whether the use of NIN for chronic plantar fasciitis could result in greater improvement in a foot functional score, lower levels of reported pain, reduced patient consumption of NSAIDs, and greater patient satisfaction compared with electric shockwave therapy in patients without a response to standard conservative treatment...
July 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620158/clinical-features-and-sleep-analysis-of-chinese-patients-with-fatal-familial-insomnia
#4
Liyong Wu, Hui Lu, Xianling Wang, Jia Liu, Chaoyang Huang, Jing Ye, Cuijiang Li, Jun Lu, Yuping Wang, Jianping Jia, Shuqin Zhan
This study aimed to examine clinical features, sleep, abnormal sleep-wake transition and non-sleep disturbances as well as lab tests in Chinese fatal familial insomnia (FFI) subjects. Patients with confirmed clinical and laboratory diagnosis of FFI have been retrospectively reviewed. The clinical features and the results of the complementary tests, including polysomnography (PSG), brain imaging and genetic analysis, were used. Two male and three female patients were recruited in this study. Three of the five patients had more comprehensive family medical records...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612377/apolipoprotein-e-genotype-impact-on-memory-and-attention-in-older-persons-the-moderating-role-of-personality-phenotype
#5
Benjamin P Chapman, Ralph H B Benedict, Feng Lin, Shumita Roy, Antoine Porteinsson, Kinga Szigeti, Howard Federoff, Mark Mapstone
OBJECTIVES: To determine if phenotypic personality traits modify the association of Apolipoprotein E (APOE) genotypes with different domains of cognitive function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: 172 non-demented older adults were administered the NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), a battery of neuropsychological tests assessing memory, attention, executive function, language, and visuospatial ability, and underwent APOE genotyping. Multivariate (multiple-dependent variable) regression models predicting cognitive domains tested APOE interactions with personality traits, adjusting for age, sex, and education...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575496/comparison-of-the-acute-effect-of-radial-shock-wave-therapy-and-ultrasound-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-plantar-fasciitis-a-randomized-controlled-study
#6
Bihter Akinoglu, Nezire Köse, Nuray Kirdi, Yavuz Yakut
Objective. : This study compared the effectiveness of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (r-ESWT) with ultrasound (US) therapy in the treatment of plantar fasciitis (PF). Study Design. : Level II, randomized controlled study. Design. : A total of 54 female patients with unilateral PF were randomly assigned to two study groups and one control group. All groups performed home exercises. In addition, the first study group received three sessions of r-ESWT treatment and the second study group received seven sessions of US treatment...
May 29, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571173/flat-foot-in-a-random-population-and-its-impact-on-quality-of-life-and-functionality
#7
Salvador Pita-Fernandez, Cristina Gonzalez-Martin, Francisco Alonso-Tajes, Teresa Seoane-Pillado, Sonia Pertega-Diaz, Sergio Perez-Garcia, Rocio Seijo-Bestilleiro, Vanesa Balboa-Barreiro
INTRODUCTION: Flat foot is a common deformity in adults. It is characterized by medial rotation and plantar flexion of the talus, eversion of the calcaneus, collapsed medial arch and abduction of the forefoot. AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of flat foot and its impact on quality of life, dependence, foot pain, disability and functional limitation among random population of 40-year-old and above. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study in a random population sample from Cambre (A Coruña-Spain) (n=835) was performed (α =0...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560935/medical-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-risk-of-postpartum-depression-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Karolina Maliszewska, Mariola Bidzan, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Krzysztof Preis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the degree of risk of maternal postpartum depression during the second month of puerperium. METHOD: In total, 387 postnatal women filled out a questionnaire concerning their health and social status, as well as the following tests: the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9), the Neo Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) Personality Inventory and the Berlin Social Support Scales...
May 31, 2017: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549449/fatal-familial-insomnia-with-abnormal-signals-on-routine-mri-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Tingting Lu, Yuhang Pan, Lisheng Peng, Feng Qin, Xiaobo Sun, Zhengqi Lu, Wei Qiu
BACKGROUND: Fatal familial insomnia (FFI) is a rare autosomal dominant disease caused by the PRNP D178N/129 M mutation. Routine brain CT and MRI usually reveal non-specific features. We report a patient with FFI presenting with diffuse abnormal signals on MRI, later confirmed as combined with cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL). CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 58-year-old female, whose main clinical manifestations were insomnia, movement disorders, autonomic hyperactivity and mental deterioration...
May 26, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513217/a-preliminary-study-on-the-effect-of-computer-aided-designed-and-manufactured-orthoses-on-chronic-plantar-heel-pain
#10
Alfred Gatt, Mark Grech, Nachiappan Chockalingam, Cynthia Formosa
INTRODUCTION: Chronic plantar heel pain (CPHP) is a significant, painful condition referring to a range of undifferentiated foot conditions that affect the heel of the foot. METHOD: Participants presenting with CPHP of more than 6 months' duration were recruited on a first through the door basis. Computer-Aided Design and Computer-Aided Manufactured (CAD-CAM) orthoses were designed and constructed for each participant, then dispensed as per normal practice. Pre- and postintervention assessment of pain was performed at baseline and after 6 weeks of use, utilizing the pain subset of the Foot Function Index (FFI)...
May 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504947/robust-wireless-power-transmission-to-mm-sized-free-floating-distributed-implants
#11
S Abdollah Mirbozorgi, Pyungwoo Yeon, Maysam Ghovanloo
This paper presents an inductive link for wireless power transmission (WPT) to mm-sized free-floating implants (FFIs) distributed in a large three-dimensional space in the neural tissue that is insensitive to the exact location of the receiver (Rx). The proposed structure utilizes a high-Q resonator on the target wirelessly powered plane that encompasses randomly positioned multiple FFIs, all powered by a large external transmitter (Tx). Based on resonant WPT fundamentals, we have devised a detailed method for optimization of the FFIs and explored design strategies and safety concerns, such as coil segmentation and specific absorption rate limits using realistic finite element simulation models in HFSS including head tissue layers, respectively...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503502/prevalence-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-its-related-metabolic-risk-factors-in-isfahan-iran
#12
Atoosa Adibi, Shahab Maleki, Peyman Adibi, Reza Etminani, Silva Hovsepian
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its related risk factors among the general population of Isfahan city located in the central part of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the prevalence of NAFLD among 483 general adult populations was determined using ultrasonography. Anthropometric and biochemical variables were compared in groups with and without NAFLD and their predictive value for occurrence of NAFLD was investigated also...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499363/predictors-of-response-to-prefabricated-foot-orthoses-or-rocker-sole-footwear-in-individuals-with-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-osteoarthritis
#13
Hylton B Menz, Maria Auhl, Jade M Tan, Pazit Levinger, Edward Roddy, Shannon E Munteanu
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (1st MTPJ OA) is a common and disabling condition commonly managed with footwear and orthotic interventions. The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with a successful treatment response in people with 1st MTPJ OA provided with prefabricated orthoses or rocker-sole footwear as part of a randomised clinical trial. METHODS: People with 1st MTPJ OA (n = 88) who participated in a randomised trial were allocated to receive prefabricated foot orthoses (n = 47) or rocker-sole footwear (n = 41) and completed a baseline questionnaire including information on demographics, anthropometrics, general health, pain characteristics (including the Foot Health Status Questionnaire [FHSQ] and Foot Function Index [FFI]) and perceptions of the interventions, and a clinical assessment of foot posture, range of motion, radiographic severity and in-shoe plantar pressures...
May 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494621/chinese-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-foot-function-index-as-tool-to-measure-patients-with-foot-and-ankle-functional-limitations
#14
Manuel González-Sánchez, Maria Ruiz-Muñoz, Guang Zhi Li, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas
PURPOSE: To perform a cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Foot Function Index (FFI) questionnaire to develop the Chinese version. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and six patients with foot and ankle neuromusculoskeletal diseases participated in this observational study. Construct validity, internal consistency and criterion validity were calculated for the FFI Chinese version after the translation and transcultural adaptation process. RESULTS: Internal consistency ranged from 0...
May 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491031/control-of-absence-seizures-by-the-thalamic-feed-forward-inhibition
#15
Mingming Chen, Daqing Guo, Yang Xia, Dezhong Yao
As a subtype of idiopathic generalized epilepsies, absence epilepsy is believed to be caused by pathological interactions within the corticothalamic (CT) system. Using a biophysical mean-field model of the CT system, we demonstrate here that the feed-forward inhibition (FFI) in thalamus, i.e., the pathway from the cerebral cortex (Ctx) to the thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) and then to the specific relay nuclei (SRN) of thalamus that are also directly driven by the Ctx, may participate in controlling absence seizures...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488153/reconstruction-outcomes-of-oncologic-foot-defect-using-well-contoured-free-perforator-flaps
#16
Kyeong-Tae Lee, Sun-June Park, Goo-Hyun Mun
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of foot defects following oncologic resection is a crucial element in the treatment of soft tissue malignancy of the foot. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to comprehensively evaluate outcomes of oncologic foot reconstruction using free perforator flaps. METHODS: Outcomes of patients with soft tissue malignancy of the foot who underwent reconstruction using a free perforator flap following ablative surgery were reviewed, and perioperative and delayed complications (secondary debulking operation and flap instability) were documented...
May 9, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473871/lateral-wedges-with-and-without-custom-arch-support-for-people-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis-and-pronated-feet-an-exploratory-randomized-crossover-study
#17
Michael A Hunt, Judit Takacs, Natasha M Krowchuk, Gillian L Hatfield, Rana S Hinman, Ryan Chang
BACKGROUND: Pronated foot posture is associated with many clinical and biomechanical outcomes unique to medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (OA). Though shoe-worn insole treatment, including lateral wedges, is commonly studied in this patient population, their effects on the specific subgroup of people with medial knee OA and concomitant pronated feet are unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether lateral wedge insoles with custom arch support are more beneficial than lateral wedge insoles alone for knee and foot symptoms in people with medial tibiofemoral knee osteoarthritis (OA) and pronated feet...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442284/fitness-fatness-index-and-alzheimer-specific-mortality
#18
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the specific association between a Fitness Fat Index (FFI) and Alzheimer's-specific mortality among a national sample of the broader U.S. adult population. METHODS: FFI was calculated as cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) divided by waist-to-height ratio (WHR). Data from the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to identify 16,146 participants, ages 20-85. Data from participants in these cycles were linked to death certificate data from the National Death Index...
July 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419457/subscales-of-the-barratt-impulsiveness-scale-differentially-relate-to-the-big-five-factors-of-personality
#19
Florian Lange, Adina Wagner, Astrid Müller, Frank Eggert
The place of impulsiveness in multidimensional personality frameworks is still unclear. In particular, no consensus has yet been reached with regard to the relation of impulsiveness to Neuroticism and Extraversion. We aim to contribute to a clearer understanding of these relationships by accounting for the multidimensional structure of impulsiveness. In three independent studies, we related the subscales of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) to the Big Five factors of personality. Study 1 investigated the associations between the BIS subscales and the Big Five factors as measured by the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) in a student sample (N = 113)...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419034/complications-and-functional-outcomes-after-pantalar-dislocation
#20
Kaeleen A Boden, Douglas S Weinberg, Heather A Vallier
BACKGROUND: Pantalar dislocations without associated talar fracture are rare and have high risks of complications, including infection, osteonecrosis, and posttraumatic osteoarthrosis. Limited information on later function exists. This study evaluated complications and outcomes following pantalar dislocation without talar fracture. METHODS: Nineteen patients were identified with open (n = 14) or closed (n = 5) pantalar dislocations without talar fracture. Ten male and 9 female patients with a mean age of 39...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
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