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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513217/a-preliminary-study-on-the-effect-of-computer-aided-designed-and-manufactured-orthoses-on-chronic-plantar-heel-pain
#1
Alfred Gatt, Mark Grech, Nachiappan Chockalingam, Cynthia Formosa
INTRODUCTION: Chronic plantar heel pain (CPHP) is a significant, painful condition referring to a range of undifferentiated foot conditions that affect the heel of the foot. METHOD: Participants presenting with CPHP of more than 6 months' duration were recruited on a first through the door basis. Computer-Aided Design and Computer-Aided Manufactured (CAD-CAM) orthoses were designed and constructed for each participant, then dispensed as per normal practice. Pre- and postintervention assessment of pain was performed at baseline and after 6 weeks of use, utilizing the pain subset of the Foot Function Index (FFI)...
May 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504947/robust-wireless-power-transmission-to-mm-sized-free-floating-distributed-implants
#2
S Abdollah Mirbozorgi, Pyungwoo Yeon, Maysam Ghovanloo
This paper presents an inductive link for wireless power transmission (WPT) to mm-sized free-floating implants (FFIs) distributed in a large three-dimensional space in the neural tissue that is insensitive to the exact location of the receiver (Rx). The proposed structure utilizes a high-Q resonator on the target wirelessly powered plane that encompasses randomly positioned multiple FFIs, all powered by a large external transmitter (Tx). Based on resonant WPT fundamentals, we have devised a detailed method for optimization of the FFIs and explored design strategies and safety concerns, such as coil segmentation and specific absorption rate limits using realistic finite element simulation models in HFSS including head tissue layers, respectively...
June 2017: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503502/prevalence-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-its-related-metabolic-risk-factors-in-isfahan-iran
#3
Atoosa Adibi, Shahab Maleki, Peyman Adibi, Reza Etminani, Silva Hovsepian
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and its related risk factors among the general population of Isfahan city located in the central part of Iran. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, the prevalence of NAFLD among 483 general adult populations was determined using ultrasonography. Anthropometric and biochemical variables were compared in groups with and without NAFLD and their predictive value for occurrence of NAFLD was investigated also...
2017: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499363/predictors-of-response-to-prefabricated-foot-orthoses-or-rocker-sole-footwear-in-individuals-with-first-metatarsophalangeal-joint-osteoarthritis
#4
Hylton B Menz, Maria Auhl, Jade M Tan, Pazit Levinger, Edward Roddy, Shannon E Munteanu
BACKGROUND: Osteoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (1st MTPJ OA) is a common and disabling condition commonly managed with footwear and orthotic interventions. The objective of this study was to identify factors associated with a successful treatment response in people with 1st MTPJ OA provided with prefabricated orthoses or rocker-sole footwear as part of a randomised clinical trial. METHODS: People with 1st MTPJ OA (n = 88) who participated in a randomised trial were allocated to receive prefabricated foot orthoses (n = 47) or rocker-sole footwear (n = 41) and completed a baseline questionnaire including information on demographics, anthropometrics, general health, pain characteristics (including the Foot Health Status Questionnaire [FHSQ] and Foot Function Index [FFI]) and perceptions of the interventions, and a clinical assessment of foot posture, range of motion, radiographic severity and in-shoe plantar pressures...
May 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494621/chinese-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-validation-of-the-foot-function-index-as-tool-to-measure-patients-with-foot-and-ankle-functional-limitations
#5
Manuel González-Sánchez, Maria Ruiz-Muñoz, Guang Zhi Li, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas
PURPOSE: To perform a cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Foot Function Index (FFI) questionnaire to develop the Chinese version. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and six patients with foot and ankle neuromusculoskeletal diseases participated in this observational study. Construct validity, internal consistency and criterion validity were calculated for the FFI Chinese version after the translation and transcultural adaptation process. RESULTS: Internal consistency ranged from 0...
May 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491031/control-of-absence-seizures-by-the-thalamic-feed-forward-inhibition
#6
Mingming Chen, Daqing Guo, Yang Xia, Dezhong Yao
As a subtype of idiopathic generalized epilepsies, absence epilepsy is believed to be caused by pathological interactions within the corticothalamic (CT) system. Using a biophysical mean-field model of the CT system, we demonstrate here that the feed-forward inhibition (FFI) in thalamus, i.e., the pathway from the cerebral cortex (Ctx) to the thalamic reticular nucleus (TRN) and then to the specific relay nuclei (SRN) of thalamus that are also directly driven by the Ctx, may participate in controlling absence seizures...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488153/reconstruction-outcomes-of-oncologic-foot-defect-using-well-contoured-free-perforator-flaps
#7
Kyeong-Tae Lee, Sun-June Park, Goo-Hyun Mun
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of foot defects following oncologic resection is a crucial element in the treatment of soft tissue malignancy of the foot. OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to comprehensively evaluate outcomes of oncologic foot reconstruction using free perforator flaps. METHODS: Outcomes of patients with soft tissue malignancy of the foot who underwent reconstruction using a free perforator flap following ablative surgery were reviewed, and perioperative and delayed complications (secondary debulking operation and flap instability) were documented...
May 9, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473871/lateral-wedges-with-and-without-custom-arch-support-for-people-with-medial-knee-osteoarthritis-and-pronated-feet-an-exploratory-randomized-crossover-study
#8
Michael A Hunt, Judit Takacs, Natasha M Krowchuk, Gillian L Hatfield, Rana S Hinman, Ryan Chang
BACKGROUND: Pronated foot posture is associated with many clinical and biomechanical outcomes unique to medial compartment knee osteoarthritis (OA). Though shoe-worn insole treatment, including lateral wedges, is commonly studied in this patient population, their effects on the specific subgroup of people with medial knee OA and concomitant pronated feet are unknown. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether lateral wedge insoles with custom arch support are more beneficial than lateral wedge insoles alone for knee and foot symptoms in people with medial tibiofemoral knee osteoarthritis (OA) and pronated feet...
2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442284/fitness-fatness-index-and-alzheimer-specific-mortality
#9
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the specific association between a Fitness Fat Index (FFI) and Alzheimer's-specific mortality among a national sample of the broader U.S. adult population. METHODS: FFI was calculated as cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) divided by waist-to-height ratio (WHR). Data from the 1999-2006 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were used to identify 16,146 participants, ages 20-85. Data from participants in these cycles were linked to death certificate data from the National Death Index...
April 22, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419457/subscales-of-the-barratt-impulsiveness-scale-differentially-relate-to-the-big-five-factors-of-personality
#10
Florian Lange, Adina Wagner, Astrid Müller, Frank Eggert
The place of impulsiveness in multidimensional personality frameworks is still unclear. In particular, no consensus has yet been reached with regard to the relation of impulsiveness to Neuroticism and Extraversion. We aim to contribute to a clearer understanding of these relationships by accounting for the multidimensional structure of impulsiveness. In three independent studies, we related the subscales of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) to the Big Five factors of personality. Study 1 investigated the associations between the BIS subscales and the Big Five factors as measured by the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) in a student sample (N = 113)...
June 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419034/complications-and-functional-outcomes-after-pantalar-dislocation
#11
Kaeleen A Boden, Douglas S Weinberg, Heather A Vallier
BACKGROUND: Pantalar dislocations without associated talar fracture are rare and have high risks of complications, including infection, osteonecrosis, and posttraumatic osteoarthrosis. Limited information on later function exists. This study evaluated complications and outcomes following pantalar dislocation without talar fracture. METHODS: Nineteen patients were identified with open (n = 14) or closed (n = 5) pantalar dislocations without talar fracture. Ten male and 9 female patients with a mean age of 39...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413894/isolated-gastrocnemius-recession-for-the-treatment-of-achilles-tendinopathy
#12
Kenneth S Smith, Caleb Jones, Zachariah Pinter, Ashish Shah
BACKGROUND: Various treatment modalities have been described for Achilles tendinopathy with varying degrees of success. The rationale for the gastrocnemius recession procedure is to decrease the mechanical overload of the Achilles tendon arising from an equinus contracture. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 25 patients who underwent an isolated gastrocnemius recession procedure at our institution between May 2013 and April 2015 by a single surgeon. Clinical outcome was evaluated on the basis of pain, utilizing visual analog scale (VAS) scores and the Foot Function Index (FFI) by telephonic interview...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401344/transanal-irrigation-is-effective-in-functional-fecal-incontinence
#13
Cecilie Siggaard Jørgensen, Konstantinos Kamperis, Line Modin, Charlotte Siggaard Rittig, Søren Rittig
Functional fecal incontinence (FFI) is divided into cases related to functional constipation (FC) and cases without concomitant constipation termed functional non-retentive fecal incontinence (FNRFI). Transanal irrigation (TAI) is widely used in children with neurogenic fecal incontinence but is less studied in children with functional defecation disorders. The aim was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of TAI in the treatment of FFI. A retrospective study in 72 children (mean age 9.2 ± 2.2 years, 47 males) with treatment-resistant FFI was performed...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399642/acute-tears-of-the-tibialis-posterior-tendon-following-ankle-sprain
#14
Lyle T Jackson, Linda J Dunaway, Gregory A Lundeen
BACKGROUND: Traumatic tears of the tibialis posterior (TP) tendon following an ankle sprain are rare. The purpose of this study was to report our case series of TP tendon tears following an ankle sprain. METHODS: Patients with persistent TP tendon pain after an ankle sprain were retrospectively identified over a 4-year period and reviewed. A comparison of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) interpretations by a radiologist and surgeon was made. Patients failing conservative management underwent operative repair of the TP tendon tear and concomitant pathology...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396862/semiquantitative-decision-tools-for-fmd-emergency-vaccination-informed-by-field-observations-and-simulated-outbreak-data
#15
Preben William Willeberg, Mohammad AlKhamis, Anette Boklund, Andres M Perez, Claes Enøe, Tariq Halasa
We present two simple, semiquantitative model-based decision tools, based on the principle of first 14 days incidence (FFI). The aim is to estimate the likelihood and the consequences, respectively, of the ultimate size of an ongoing FMD epidemic. The tools allow risk assessors to communicate timely, objectively, and efficiently to risk managers and less technically inclined stakeholders about the potential of introducing FMD suppressive emergency vaccination. To explore the FFI principle with complementary field data, we analyzed the FMD outbreaks in Argentina in 2001, with the 17 affected provinces as the units of observation...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390686/do-columns-or-sagittal-displacement-matter-in-the-assessment-and-management-of-lisfranc-fracture-dislocation-an-alternate-approach-to-classification-of-the-lisfranc-injury
#16
Simon C Lau, Catherine Guest, Marucs Hall, Mark Tacey, Samuel Joseph, Andrew Oppy
AIM: The classification of a Lisfranc injury has conventionally been based around Myerson's system. The aims of this study were to review whether a novel classification system based on sagittal displacement of the tarsometatarsal joint and breadth of injury as determined by a columnar theory was associated with functional outcomes and thus had a greater utility. PATIENTS: We retrospectively reviewed 54 Lisfranc injuries with a minimum follow up of two years at our Level One Trauma Centre...
March 30, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387370/detection-of-prion-seeding-activity-in-the-olfactory-mucosa-of-patients-with-fatal-familial-insomnia
#17
Veronica Redaelli, Edoardo Bistaffa, Gianluigi Zanusso, Giulia Salzano, Luca Sacchetto, Martina Rossi, Chiara Maria Giulia De Luca, Michele Di Bari, Sara Maria Portaleone, Umberto Agrimi, Giuseppe Legname, Ignazio Roiter, Gianluigi Forloni, Fabrizio Tagliavini, Fabio Moda
Fatal Familial Insomnia (FFI) is a genetic prion disease caused by a point mutation in the prion protein gene (PRNP) characterized by prominent thalamic atrophy, diffuse astrogliosis and moderate deposition of PrP(Sc) in the brain. Here, for the first time, we demonstrate that the olfactory mucosa (OM) of patients with FFI contains trace amount of PrP(Sc) detectable by PMCA and RT-QuIC. Quantitative PMCA analysis estimated a PrP(Sc) concentration of about 1 × 10(-14) g/ml. In contrast, PrP(Sc) was not detected in OM samples from healthy controls and patients affected by other neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and frontotemporal dementia...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364687/comorbidity-family-history-and-personality-traits-in-pathological-gamblers-compared-with-healthy-controls
#18
K Mann, T Lemenager, E Zois, S Hoffmann, H Nakovics, M Beutel, M Vogelgesang, K Wölfling, F Kiefer, M Fauth-Bühler
BACKGROUND: While DSM-5 classified pathological gambling as an addictive disorder, there is debate as to whether ICD-11 should follow suit. The debate hinges on scientific evidence such as neurobiological findings, family history of psychiatric disorders, psychiatric comorbidity, and personality variables. METHODS: In the "Baden-Württemberg Study of Pathological Gambling", we compared a group of 515 male pathological gamblers receiving treatment with 269 matched healthy controls...
May 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352228/personality-cortisol-and-cognition-in-non-demented-elderly-subjects-results-from-a-population-based-study
#19
Sami Ouanes, Enrique Castelao, Armin von Gunten, Pedro M Vidal, Martin Preisig, Julius Popp
Certain personality traits, in particular higher neuroticism, have been associated, on one hand, with elevated cortisol levels, and on the other hand, with poorer cognitive performance. At the same time, several studies highlighted the association between high cortisol and poor cognitive functioning. Here, we hypothesized that increased cortisol may be associated with poorer cognition and with certain personality traits (mainly high neuroticism), and that personality might explain the association between cortisol and cognition...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349855/reliability-of-the-neo-five-factor-inventory-short-form-for-assessing-personality-after-stroke
#20
Toni Dwan, Tamara Ownsworth, Caroline Donovan, Ada Ho Yan Lo
BACKGROUND: It is well recognized that an individual's personality characteristics influence their psychological adjustment after stroke. However, there is a lack of research on the reliability of personality inventories for stroke. This study primarily aimed to evaluate the reliability of the Neuroticism, Extroversion, Openness to Experience (NEO)-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) for assessing pre-morbid personality and personality changes after stroke. Further aims were to investigate changes in personality during the hospital-to-home transition period and examine associations between personality and mood...
March 28, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
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