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Verena Vogel, Ines Kollei, Theodora Duka, Jan Snagowski, Matthias Brand, Astrid Müller, Sabine Loeber
At present, there is a considerable lack of human studies that investigated the impact of conditioned cues on instrumental responding although these processes are considered as core mechanisms contributing to the development and maintenance of addictive behaviours. No studies are available that assessed these processes with regard to Internet gaming or Internet shopping applications. We thus developed a Pavlovian-to-instrumental transfer (PIT)-Paradigm implementing appetitive stimuli related to Internet gaming and Internet shopping applications and investigated whether an outcome-specific PIT-Effect is observed...
March 6, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
Richard Musil, Florian Seemüller, Sebastian Meyer, Ilja Spellmann, Mazda Adli, Michael Bauer, Klaus-Thomas Kronmüller, Peter Brieger, Gerd Laux, Wolfram Bender, Isabella Heuser, Robert Fisher, Wolfgang Gaebel, Rebecca Schennach, Hans-Jürgen Möller, Michael Riedel
Subtyping depression is important in order to further delineate biological causes of depressive syndromes. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical and outcome characteristics of distinct subtypes of depression and to assess proportion and features of patients fulfilling criteria for more than one subtype. Melancholic, atypical and anxious subtypes of depression were assessed in a naturalistic sample of 833 inpatients using DSM-IV specifiers based on operationalized criteria. Baseline characteristics and outcome criteria at discharge were compared between distinct subtypes and their overlap...
March 2018: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
Bettina H Bewernick, Hannah M Kilian, Klaudius Schmidt, Ruth E Reinfeldt, Sarah Kayser, Volker A Coenen, Sebastian Markett, Thomas E Schlaepfer
BACKGROUND: Reports of changes in patients' social behavior during deep brain stimulation (DBS) raised the question whether DBS induces changes in personality. This study explored if (1) DBS is associated with changes in personality in patients suffering from treatment-resistant depression (TRD), (2) how personality dimensions and depression are associated, and (3) if TRD patients' self-ratings of personality are valid. METHODS: TRD patients were assessed before DBS (n = 30), 6 months (t2, n = 21), 2 (t3, n = 17) and 5 years (t4, n = 11) after the initiation of DBS of the supero-lateral branch of the medial forebrain bundle (slMFB-DBS)...
March 1, 2018: Psychological Medicine
Stefana Morgan, Bruce Cooper, Steven Paul, Marilyn J Hammer, Yvette P Conley, Jon D Levine, Christine Miaskowski, Laura B Dunn
Background: This study identified latent classes of cancer patients based on Big Five personality dimensions and evaluated for differences in demographic and clinical characteristics, depression, anxiety, and cancer-related symptoms. Methods: Patients (n=1248) with breast, gastrointestinal, gynecological, or lung cancer completed the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression scale, Spielberger State-Trait Anxiety Inventories, NEO-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI), and Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale (MSAS)...
October 15, 2017: Personality and Individual Differences
Hunter S Waldman, Steven A Basham, Ffi G Price, JohnEric W Smith, Harish Chander, Adam C Knight, Ben M Krings, Matthew J McAllister
This study examined the effects of a D-ß-hydroxybutyrate (ßHB) containing beverage on cognitive and performance measures during a bout of repeated Wingates. Fifteen healthy, college-aged males (mean ± SD age: 23.1 ± 2.4 years, height: 165.4 ± 2.0 cm, mass: 81.4 ± 9.2 kg) volunteered for the present study. Trial 1 consisted of baseline measures and familiarization for the protocol. During trials 2 and 3, subjects reported to the laboratory, after a 10 h fast, and ingested 11.38 grams of ßHB or a placebo (PLA) beverage 30 min before exercise...
February 16, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
M Chraim, S Krenn, H M Alrabai, H-J Trnka, P Bock
AIMS: Hindfoot arthrodesis with retrograde intramedullary nailing has been described as a surgical strategy to reconstruct deformities of the ankle and hindfoot in patients with Charcot arthropathy. This study presents case series of Charcot arthropathy patients treated with two different retrograde intramedullary straight compression nails in order to reconstruct the hindfoot and assess the results over a mid-term follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 18 consecutive patients and 19 operated feet with Charcot arthropathy who underwent a hindfoot arthrodesis using a retrograde intramedullary compression nail...
February 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
David C Lee, Cesar de Cesar Netto, Jackson Rucker Staggers, Rebecca Siegel, Richard Chen, Su-Young Bae, Lew C Schon
BACKGROUND: Bunionette deformity is a painful bony prominence of the 5th metatarsal. We evaluated outcomes of using a Kramer osteotomy to treat this condition. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients treated with a Kramer osteotomy from 2003 and 2016. Outcome measures included Foot Functional Index (FFI) and radiographic measurements. RESULTS: 38 patients (43 feet) with an average follow-up of 55 months. Mean postoperative FFI1 was 19.4...
July 18, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Joost C Schrier, Noel L Keijsers, Giovanni A Matricali, Cees C P M Verheyen, Jan Willem K Louwerens
BACKGROUND: Despite impressive results of the pharmacological management of rheumatoid arthritis, still certain patients suffer from rheumatoid forefoot problems. Surgical treatment of these forefoot deformities can be an option. In literature no high-quality studies on this topic can be found. The goal of present study is to compare the results of a metatarsal head (MTH) resecting technique with a MTH preserving technique in the operative treatment of severe rheumatoid forefoot deformity...
August 10, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
R Zwiers, H Weel, W H Mallee, G M M J Kerkhoffs, C N van Dijk
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing interest in the use of patient reported outcome measures (PROMs). However, there is a large variety of PROMs and a lack of consensus regarding preference for their use. Aim of this study is to determine how often PROMS are used for foot and ankle disorders, for what purpose PROMs are used, and what the preferences of the foot and ankle surgeons are, when choosing a PROM to use. METHODS: Members of the Ankleplatform Study Group-Science of Variation Collaborative were invited to participate in this survey by email...
March 9, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Hagen Schmal, Markus Walther, Anja Hirschmüller, Nina Bunert, Norbert P Südkamp, Alexander T Mehlhorn
BACKGROUND: Gastrocnemius recession (GR) has been introduced for treatment of forefoot overload syndrome (FOS). We questioned if GR leads to an altered forefoot load and weakness of plantarflexors in those patients. METHODS: 26 patients suffering from FOS and gastrocnemius tightness underwent GR. A strength power analysis of plantar flexors and a pedobarography was performed. Clinical outcome was measured by Foot Function Index (FFI). RESULTS: Plantarflexors are impaired about 40% six weeks and around 10% 24 weeks following GR compared to the contralateral side...
April 4, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Tina Klerken, Nienke M Kosse, Chris A M Aarts, Jan Willem K Louwerens
BACKGROUND: Pain, deformity and instability are the main reasons for fusion of the tarsal joints, a triple arthrodesis. The short and midterm results show that mobility, function and satisfaction increase postoperatively. However, osteoarthritis (OA) of the adjacent ankle joint is described as a long-term complication. Alignment of the foot could be an influencing factor. The aim of this study was to examine whether malalignment after triple arthrodesis leads to a higher grade of OA at long-term follow-up...
November 29, 2017: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Xinyue Guo, Yingli Yang
The present study investigated the effectiveness of recasts and prompts on the acquisition of the English third-person singular form and the mediating role of cognitive style on the effects of feedback. One hundred and seventy-five college students from four intact classes were assigned to four groups: form-focused instruction with recast (FFI-recast), FFI with prompt (FFI-prompt), FFI, and control. The group embedded figures test (Witkin et al. in Rev Educ Res 47:1-64, 1977) was adopted to test learners' cognitive style (field dependence/independence)...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Psycholinguistic Research
Leonardo Iaccarino, Luca Presotto, Valentino Bettinardi, Luigi Gianolli, Ignazio Roiter, Sabina Capellari, Piero Parchi, Pietro Cortelli, Daniela Perani
Objective: Postmortem studies reported significant microglia activation in association with neuronal apoptosis in Fatal Familial Insomnia (FFI), indicating a specific glial response, but negative evidence also exists. An in vivo study of local immune responses over FFI natural course may contribute to the understanding of the underlying pathogenesis. Methods: We included eight presymptomatic subjects (mean ± SD age:44.13 ± 3.83 years) carrying the pathogenic D178N-129met FFI mutation, one symptomatic patient (male, 45 yrs...
January 2018: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Yanyan Mao, Qiguo Lian, Xiayun Zuo, Yan Zhang, Shan Luo, Shucheng Zhang, Xiaowen Tu, Chaohua Lou, Weijin Zhou
OBJECTIVE: The attitudes of girls regarding menarche vary according to their cultural backgrounds. Asian girls may hesitate to discuss menarche. Computer-assisted self-administered interviewing (CASI) is considered a valid and effective tool for investigating the timing of menarche; however, the validity of self-reported menarche data from CASI in Chinese culture is currently unknown. We aimed to validate the status and age of menarche attainment by comparing CASI with face-to-face interviewing (FFI)...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
Caterina Obrador, Marta Losa, Ricardo Becerro, Christina A Kabbash
BACKGROUND: Temporary Kirschner wire fixation (K-wire) is a widely used, low-cost fixation method for the correction of hammertoe deformity. Reported complications associated with K-wires prompted the development of new implants over the past decade. However, there is a lack of literature on comparative studies analyzing functional outcomes using validated questionnaires. The purpose of this study was to analyze functional outcomes in patients who had undergone proximal interphalangeal joint fusion using 2 types of intramedullary implant, the Smart Toe and the TenFuse, and to compare them with the outcomes in patients treated with standard K-wire fixation...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Robert A Sloan, Susumu S Sawada, Lee I-Min, Yuko Gando, Ryoko Kawakami, Takashi Okamoto, Koji Tsukamoto, Motohiko Miyachi
Type 2 diabetes is increasing globally and in Asia. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of a fit-fat index (FFI) with diabetes incidence among Japanese men. In total 5,014 men aged 18-64 years old, who had an annual health check up with no history of major chronic disease at baseline from 2002 to 2009 were observed. CRF was estimated via cycle ergometry. Overall, 7.6% of the men developed diabetes. The mean follow-up period was 5.3 years. Hazard ratios, 95% confidence intervals and P trend for diabetes incidence were obtained using the Cox proportional hazards model while adjusting for confounding variables...
January 12, 2018: Scientific Reports
Eda Cinar, Shikha Saxena, Fatma Uygur
BACKGROUND: This study aimed at estimating the effectiveness of two commonly used modalities-extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and low-level laser therapy (LLLT)-each combined with usual care (exercises and orthotic supports) in comparison to only usual care to relieve pain in patients with plantar fasciitis (PF). METHODS: Participants with PF were randomly allocated into 3 groups: ESWT (n = 25), LLLT (n = 24), and control (n = 17). All participants received a home exercise program with orthotic support...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle International
Steven K Neufeld, John J Marcel, Michael Campbell
BACKGROUND: A Ludloff osteotomy is a common procedure used to correct hallux valgus deformities. Traditionally, the osteotomy is stabilized with screws only, thus requiring the patient to be non-weight bearing until healed. There have been no outcome studies analyzing immediate weight bearing after Ludloff osteotomy for hallux valgus. METHODS: Of the 350 patients (390 feet) who underwent a Ludloff osteotomy fixed with a locking plate and prescribed an immediate weight-bearing postoperative protocol, 288 patients (326 feet) were included in the analysis...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
Michael D Biderman, Samuel T McAbee, Zhuo Job Chen, Nhung T Hendy
Exploratory bifactor models with keying factors were applied to item response data for the NEO-FFI-3 and HEXACO-PI-R questionnaires. Loadings on a general factor and positive and negative keying factors correlated with independent estimates of item valence, suggesting that item valence influences responses to these questionnaires. Correlations between personality domain scores and measures of self-esteem, depression, and positive and negative affect were all reduced significantly when the influence of evaluative content represented by the general and keying factors was removed...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Personality Assessment
J McCullough, H Keller
OBJECTIVES: Hospital malnutrition is an under-recognized issue that leads to a variety of adverse outcomes, especially for older adults. Food/fluid intake (FFI) monitoring in hospital can be used to identify those who are improving and those who need further treatment. Current monitoring practices such as calorie counts are impractical for all patients and a patient-completed tool, if valid, could support routine FFI monitoring. The aim of this research was to determine whether the patient-completed My Meal Intake Tool (M-MIT) can accurately represent FFI at a single meal...
2018: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
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