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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419457/subscales-of-the-barratt-impulsiveness-scale-differentially-relate-to-the-big-five-factors-of-personality
#1
Florian Lange, Adina Wagner, Astrid Müller, Frank Eggert
The place of impulsiveness in multidimensional personality frameworks is still unclear. In particular, no consensus has yet been reached with regard to the relation of impulsiveness to Neuroticism and Extraversion. We aim to contribute to a clearer understanding of these relationships by accounting for the multidimensional structure of impulsiveness. In three independent studies, we related the subscales of the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS) to the Big Five factors of personality. Study 1 investigated the associations between the BIS subscales and the Big Five factors as measured by the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) in a student sample (N = 113)...
April 18, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419034/complications-and-functional-outcomes-after-pantalar-dislocation
#2
Kaeleen A Boden, Douglas S Weinberg, Heather A Vallier
BACKGROUND: Pantalar dislocations without associated talar fracture are rare and have high risks of complications, including infection, osteonecrosis, and posttraumatic osteoarthrosis. Limited information on later function exists. This study evaluated complications and outcomes following pantalar dislocation without talar fracture. METHODS: Nineteen patients were identified with open (n = 14) or closed (n = 5) pantalar dislocations without talar fracture. Ten male and 9 female patients with a mean age of 39...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413894/isolated-gastrocnemius-recession-for-the-treatment-of-achilles-tendinopathy
#3
Kenneth S Smith, Caleb Jones, Zachariah Pinter, Ashish Shah
BACKGROUND: Various treatment modalities have been described for Achilles tendinopathy with varying degrees of success. The rationale for the gastrocnemius recession procedure is to decrease the mechanical overload of the Achilles tendon arising from an equinus contracture. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 25 patients who underwent an isolated gastrocnemius recession procedure at our institution between May 2013 and April 2015 by a single surgeon. Clinical outcome was evaluated on the basis of pain, utilizing visual analog scale (VAS) scores and the Foot Function Index (FFI) by telephonic interview...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28401344/transanal-irrigation-is-effective-in-functional-fecal-incontinence
#4
Cecilie Siggaard Jørgensen, Konstantinos Kamperis, Line Modin, Charlotte Siggaard Rittig, Søren Rittig
Functional fecal incontinence (FFI) is divided into cases related to functional constipation (FC) and cases without concomitant constipation termed functional non-retentive fecal incontinence (FNRFI). Transanal irrigation (TAI) is widely used in children with neurogenic fecal incontinence but is less studied in children with functional defecation disorders. The aim was to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of TAI in the treatment of FFI. A retrospective study in 72 children (mean age 9.2 ± 2.2 years, 47 males) with treatment-resistant FFI was performed...
April 12, 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399642/acute-tears-of-the-tibialis-posterior-tendon-following-ankle-sprain
#5
Lyle T Jackson, Linda J Dunaway, Gregory A Lundeen
BACKGROUND: Traumatic tears of the tibialis posterior (TP) tendon following an ankle sprain are rare. The purpose of this study was to report our case series of TP tendon tears following an ankle sprain. METHODS: Patients with persistent TP tendon pain after an ankle sprain were retrospectively identified over a 4-year period and reviewed. A comparison of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) interpretations by a radiologist and surgeon was made. Patients failing conservative management underwent operative repair of the TP tendon tear and concomitant pathology...
April 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396862/semiquantitative-decision-tools-for-fmd-emergency-vaccination-informed-by-field-observations-and-simulated-outbreak-data
#6
Preben William Willeberg, Mohammad AlKhamis, Anette Boklund, Andres M Perez, Claes Enøe, Tariq Halasa
We present two simple, semiquantitative model-based decision tools, based on the principle of first 14 days incidence (FFI). The aim is to estimate the likelihood and the consequences, respectively, of the ultimate size of an ongoing FMD epidemic. The tools allow risk assessors to communicate timely, objectively, and efficiently to risk managers and less technically inclined stakeholders about the potential of introducing FMD suppressive emergency vaccination. To explore the FFI principle with complementary field data, we analyzed the FMD outbreaks in Argentina in 2001, with the 17 affected provinces as the units of observation...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390686/do-columns-or-sagittal-displacement-matter-in-the-assessment-and-management-of-lisfranc-fracture-dislocation-an-alternate-approach-to-classification-of-the-lisfranc-injury
#7
Simon C Lau, Catherine Guest, Marucs Hall, Mark Tacey, Samuel Joseph, Andrew Oppy
AIM: The classification of a Lisfranc injury has conventionally been based around Myerson's system. The aims of this study were to review whether a novel classification system based on sagittal displacement of the tarsometatarsal joint and breadth of injury as determined by a columnar theory was associated with functional outcomes and thus had a greater utility. PATIENTS: We retrospectively reviewed 54 Lisfranc injuries with a minimum follow up of two years at our Level One Trauma Centre...
March 30, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387370/detection-of-prion-seeding-activity-in-the-olfactory-mucosa-of-patients-with-fatal-familial-insomnia
#8
Veronica Redaelli, Edoardo Bistaffa, Gianluigi Zanusso, Giulia Salzano, Luca Sacchetto, Martina Rossi, Chiara Maria Giulia De Luca, Michele Di Bari, Sara Maria Portaleone, Umberto Agrimi, Giuseppe Legname, Ignazio Roiter, Gianluigi Forloni, Fabrizio Tagliavini, Fabio Moda
Fatal Familial Insomnia (FFI) is a genetic prion disease caused by a point mutation in the prion protein gene (PRNP) characterized by prominent thalamic atrophy, diffuse astrogliosis and moderate deposition of PrP(Sc) in the brain. Here, for the first time, we demonstrate that the olfactory mucosa (OM) of patients with FFI contains trace amount of PrP(Sc) detectable by PMCA and RT-QuIC. Quantitative PMCA analysis estimated a PrP(Sc) concentration of about 1 × 10(-14) g/ml. In contrast, PrP(Sc) was not detected in OM samples from healthy controls and patients affected by other neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and frontotemporal dementia...
April 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364687/comorbidity-family-history-and-personality-traits-in-pathological-gamblers-compared-with-healthy-controls
#9
K Mann, T Lemenager, E Zois, S Hoffmann, H Nakovics, M Beutel, M Vogelgesang, K Wölfling, F Kiefer, M Fauth-Bühler
BACKGROUND: While DSM-5 classified pathological gambling as an addictive disorder, there is debate as to whether ICD-11 should follow suit. The debate hinges on scientific evidence such as neurobiological findings, family history of psychiatric disorders, psychiatric comorbidity, and personality variables. METHODS: In the "Baden-Württemberg Study of Pathological Gambling", we compared a group of 515 male pathological gamblers receiving treatment with 269 matched healthy controls...
December 23, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352228/personality-cortisol-and-cognition-in-non-demented-elderly-subjects-results-from-a-population-based-study
#10
Sami Ouanes, Enrique Castelao, Armin von Gunten, Pedro M Vidal, Martin Preisig, Julius Popp
Certain personality traits, in particular higher neuroticism, have been associated, on one hand, with elevated cortisol levels, and on the other hand, with poorer cognitive performance. At the same time, several studies highlighted the association between high cortisol and poor cognitive functioning. Here, we hypothesized that increased cortisol may be associated with poorer cognition and with certain personality traits (mainly high neuroticism), and that personality might explain the association between cortisol and cognition...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349855/reliability-of-the-neo-five-factor-inventory-short-form-for-assessing-personality-after-stroke
#11
Toni Dwan, Tamara Ownsworth, Caroline Donovan, Ada Ho Yan Lo
BACKGROUND: It is well recognized that an individual's personality characteristics influence their psychological adjustment after stroke. However, there is a lack of research on the reliability of personality inventories for stroke. This study primarily aimed to evaluate the reliability of the Neuroticism, Extroversion, Openness to Experience (NEO)-Five Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) for assessing pre-morbid personality and personality changes after stroke. Further aims were to investigate changes in personality during the hospital-to-home transition period and examine associations between personality and mood...
March 28, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345528/genetic-and-psychosocial-factors-for-benzodiazepine-addiction-an-analysis-based-on-the-results-of-the-authors-own-research-conducted-in-a-group-of-benzodiazepine-addicted-and-non-addicted-individuals
#12
Anna Konopka, Monika Mak, Anna Grzywacz, Sławomir Murawiec, Jerzy Samochowiec
PURPOSE: In spite of the fact that the addictive potential of benzodiazepine (BDZ) drugs has been known for a long time, benzodiazepine addiction remains a common problem for psychiatry to deal with. The etiology of benzodiazepine addiction is very complex. Among the risk factors, the course of the treatment, demographic status and psychological features of a patient seem to play an important role. The aim of this study was to investigate both psychological and genetic factors differentiating benzodiazepine addicts from non-addicted users...
March 13, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324299/fatal-familial-insomnia-clinical-aspects-and-molecular-alterations
#13
REVIEW
Franc Llorens, Juan-José Zarranz, Andre Fischer, Inga Zerr, Isidro Ferrer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Fatal familiar insomnia (FFI) is an autosomal dominant inherited prion disease caused by D178N mutation in the prion protein gene (PRNP D178N) accompanied by the presence of a methionine at the codon 129 polymorphic site on the mutated allele. FFI is characterized by severe sleep disorder, dysautonomia, motor signs and abnormal behaviour together with primary atrophy of selected thalamic nuclei and inferior olives, and expansion to other brain regions with disease progression...
April 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315178/a-systematic-review-of-measurement-properties-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-for-use-in-patients-with-foot-or-ankle-diseases
#14
Yuanxi Jia, Hsiaomin Huang, Joel J Gagnier
PURPOSE: To identify currently available patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) used in patients with foot or ankle diseases; and to critically appraise, compare and synthesize the psychometric evidence for the identified PROMs. METHODS: Literature searches were performed in Medline and EMBASE from their inception to January 25th, 2016. Methodological quality was evaluated using the COSMIN checklist. The final rating of the methodological quality of each study for each property was the lowest rating among the items within that property...
March 17, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295468/the-protective-effects-of-a-novel-fitness-fatness-index-on-all-cause-mortality-among-adults-with-cardiovascular-disease
#15
Emily Frith, Paul D Loprinzi
BACKGROUND: We evaluated the specific association between a fitness-fatness index (FFI) and all-cause mortality among a national sample of US adults with coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, or myocardial infarction. This FFI has recently emerged in the literature as a novel index of health. HYPOTHESIS: We hypothesize that FFI will be inversely associated with mortality risk. METHODS: The FFI was calculated as cardiorespiratory fitness divided by waist-to-height ratio...
March 10, 2017: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28294565/ankle-pathologies-in-patients-with-inflammatory-rheumatic-diseases-a-clinical-and-ultrasonographic-study
#16
Halil Harman, İbrahim Tekeoğlu
AIM: We determined ankle pathologies in patients with different types of inflammatory rheumatic diseases using high-resolution ultrasonographic (US) images, and compared the findings among the different patient groups. METHODS: The study included 142 randomly selected inflammatory rheumatic disease patients with clinically swollen or painful ankle joints; 69 patients had rheumatoid arthritis (RA), 58 had spondyloarthropathies (SpA) and 15 had gout. Ankle assessment on US included all of the important anatomical structures...
March 12, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282069/-burnout-engagement-and-personality-factors-in-medical-students-at-a-public-university
#17
Gladys V Hansen, Marcela D'Urso Villar, Liliana N Fracchia
Medical students can develop burnout syndrome, characterized by exhaustion, cynical attitude towards study and negative consequences on wellbeing and academic performance. Engagement, theoretically syndrome "opposite" to burnout, shows a positive influence on personal and academic performance. To study the association of syndromes burnout and engagement with personality factors in medical students, a longitudinal observational, descriptive study of a cohort follow-up was performed. Three questionnaires were used: reduced inventory NEO Five-Factor (NEO FFI) administered at the beginning of the sixth year; the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey and Utrecht Work Engagement Scale, applied at the end of the seventh year...
September 2016: Vertex: Revista Argentina de Psiquiatriá
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260642/psychiatric-symptoms-and-response-quality-to-self-rated-personality-tests-evidence-from-the-psycolaus-study
#18
Marc Dupuis, Emanuele Meier, Dominique Rudaz, Marie-Pierre F Strippoli, Enrique Castelao, Martin Preisig, Roland Capel, Caroline L Vandeleur
Despite the fact that research has demonstrated consistent associations between self-rated measures of personality dimensions and mental disorders, little has been undertaken to investigate the relation between psychiatric symptoms and response patterns to self-rated tests. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between psychiatric symptoms and response quality using indices from our functional method. A sample of 1,784 participants from a Swiss population-based cohort completed a personality inventory (NEO-FFI) and a symptom checklist of 90 items (SCL-90-R)...
February 20, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245006/-burnout-in-officers-of-the-prison-service-units-the-role-of-personality-and-selected-professional-characteristics
#19
Ewa Sygit-Kowalkowska, Magdalena Weber-Rajek, Martyna Herkt, Roman Ossowski
BACKGROUND: The researchers involved in the studies of burnout indicate its 3 sources: the structure of the personality, the specificity of interpersonal relationships, and the organizational factors. The aim of this study was to evaluate the occurrence of burnout and personality characteristics of prison officers, as well as to determine predictors of burnout in this occupational group. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study was conducted among prison officers, who were divided into 2 groups, the officers working in direct contact with prisoners (group I) and those employed in the prison administration (group II)...
February 28, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242768/american-orthopaedic-foot-and-ankle-society-aofas-ankle-hindfoot-score-a-study-protocol-for-the-translation-and-validation-of-the-dutch-language-version
#20
Esther M M Van Lieshout, A Siebe De Boer, Duncan E Meuffels, P Ted Den Hoed, Cornelis H Van der Vlies, Wim E Tuinebreijer, Michael H J Verhofstad
INTRODUCTION: The American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) Ankle-Hindfoot Score is among the most commonly used instruments for measuring the outcome of treatment in patients who sustained a complex ankle or hindfoot injury. It combines a clinician-reported and a patient-reported part. A valid Dutch version of this instrument is currently not available. Such a translated and validated instrument would allow objective comparison across hospitals or between patient groups, and with shown validity and reliability it may become a quality of care indicator in future...
February 27, 2017: BMJ Open
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