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Wei Lu, Zhenhong Wang
The present studies examined the influence of extraversion on physiological reactivity, recovery, and physiological habituation-sensitization to repeated social stressors. In Study 1, subjective and physiological data were collected from 97 college students who were categorized as high (n = 51) and low (n = 46) on extraversion (NEO-FFI) across five laboratory stages: baseline, stress 1, poststress 1, stress 2, and poststress 2. Results indicated high extraversion (HE) participants exhibited relative lesser heart rate (HR) reactivity and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) withdrawals to, and more complete HR and RSA recovery after the first social stress, and also exhibited relative lesser HR reactivity to the second social stress...
October 18, 2016: Psychophysiology
Chieh Grace Lau, Wai Kwong Tang, Xiang Xin Liu, Hua Jun Liang, Yan Liang, Vincent Mok, Adrian Wong, Gabor S Ungvari, Mansur A Kutlubaev, Ka Sing Wong
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between neuroticism and fatigue in Chinese stroke patients. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: PARTICIPANTS: One hundred and ninety-one ischemic stroke survivors recruited from the above-mentioned acute stroke unit between May 2010 and September 2011. INTERVENTIONS: None. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The personality trait of neuroticism was measured with the neuroticism subscale of the Chinese version of the NEO-five-factor Inventory (NEO-FFI)...
September 24, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
D R Griffin, E J Dickenson, J O'Donnell, R Agricola, T Awan, M Beck, J C Clohisy, H P Dijkstra, E Falvey, M Gimpel, R S Hinman, P Hölmich, A Kassarjian, H D Martin, R Martin, R C Mather, M J Philippon, M P Reiman, A Takla, K Thorborg, S Walker, A Weir, K L Bennell
The 2016 Warwick Agreement on femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) syndrome was convened to build an international, multidisciplinary consensus on the diagnosis and management of patients with FAI syndrome. 22 panel members and 1 patient from 9 countries and 5 different specialties participated in a 1-day consensus meeting on 29 June 2016. Prior to the meeting, 6 questions were agreed on, and recent relevant systematic reviews and seminal literature were circulated. Panel members gave presentations on the topics of the agreed questions at Sports Hip 2016, an open meeting held in the UK on 27-29 June...
October 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Myrna C Cintrón-Valentín, Nick C Ellis
We consider the role of physical form, prior experience, and form focused instruction (FFI) in adult language learning. (1) When presented with competing cues to interpretation, learners are more likely to attend to physically more salient cues in the input. (2) Learned attention is an associative learning phenomenon where prior-learned cues block those that are experienced later. (3) The low salience of morphosyntactic cues can be overcome by FFI, which leads learners to attend cues which might otherwise be ignored...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Shumita Roy, Stephanie Ficarro, Paul Duberstein, Benjamin P Chapman, Steven Dubovsky, Margaret Paroski, Kinga Szigeti, Ralph H B Benedict
OBJECTIVE: Previous research shows that executive function (EF) and personality independently predict functional decline. Our objective was to determine whether personality traits predict independence with instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs), after accounting for executive dysfunction, in a mixed sample of patients with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer disease (AD). METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis at a university medical center, 63 healthy older adults (median age: 67...
November 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
Daria Schneider-Matyka, Anna Jurczak, Agnieszka Samochowiec, Beata Karakiewicz, Małgorzata Szkup, Anna Grzywacz, Elżbieta Grochans
BACKGROUND: Quality of life can be perceived as a subjective assessment of different aspects of human functioning. Personality is a factor which determines actions taken by individuals and their tendency to perceive reality in a particular way. Therefore, the assumption that personality may influence the QoL assessment seems reasonable. Our purpose was to assess the relationships between personality traits and the presence of the 44-bp VNTR polymorphism in the 5-HTT (SLC 6A4) promoter region and the 30-bp VNTR polymorphism in the MAO-A promoter region...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
Sarah Wahlstrom-Helgren, Vitaly A Klyachko
Feed-forward inhibitory (FFI) circuits are important for many information-processing functions. FFI circuit operations critically depend on the balance and timing between the excitatory and inhibitory components, which undergo rapid dynamic changes during neural activity due to short-term plasticity (STP) of both components. How dynamic changes in excitation/inhibition (E/I) balance during spike trains influence FFI circuit operations remains poorly understood. Here we examined the role of STP in the FFI circuit functions in the mouse hippocampus...
September 7, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
Manuel González-Sánchez, Guang Zhi Li, Maria Ruiz Muñoz, Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas
PURPOSE: To perform a cultural adaptation and validation study (internal and external) of the FAAM questionnaire to create the Chinese version of the questionnaire (FAAM-Ch). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two independent professional native translators performed a translation from English to Chinese and reverse translation. Psychometric properties analysis: Internal consistency of measure was analysed through the Cronbach's α coefficients. After extraction by maximum likelihood (EML), the structure factor and construct validity was analysed; to extract a factor, it was necessary to complete the following three requirements: ≥10% of variance, Eigenvalue >1...
September 6, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Graça Melo, João Maroco, Marta Lima-Basto, Alexandre de Mendonça
Personality of family caregiver is an important factor influencing the caregiver's burden, depression and distress. We now hypothesized that the personality is associated with specific strategies used by family caregivers to deal with the behavioral and psychological symptoms of demented relatives (BPSD). Participants were 98 consecutive persons with dementia and their family caregivers. Assessments included: Personality (NEO-FFI), Burden (ZBI), Depression (CES-D), Cognitive Function (MMSE), BPSD (NPI), Distress (NPI-D), and an open question to identify the strategies used by caregivers when faced with BPSD...
August 30, 2016: Geriatric Nursing
Ya-Ping Lee, Chin-Hao Chang, Heng-Hsiu Liu, Chin-Ying Chen, Ching-Yu Chen, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Ching-I Chang, Yen-Ting Lin, Chung-Sheng Lee, Jaw-Shiun Tsai
Frailty is a geriatric syndrome associated with adiposity. Zinc alpha2-glycoprotein (ZAG), a novel adipokine, is a modulator of body fat mass and positively correlates with age. This observational study aims to investigate the relationship between plasma ZAG levels and frailty in the elderly.We enrolled 189 elder participants from a hospital-based comprehensive geriatric assessment program in Taiwan from January 2007 to June 2008. The demographic data, body weight, body mass index, appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI), body fat mass percentage, metabolic and inflammatory parameters including plasma tumor-necrosis factor alpha, C-reactive protein and ZAG levels, were assessed...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Mahboubeh Ghorbani, Sedigheh Azhari, Habib Allah Esmaily, Bahram Ali GhanbariHashemabadi
BACKGROUND: Research demonstrates that most of the menopausal symptoms and problems are the reflection of individual and social circumstances rather than the endocrine events of the menopause. As majority of women live 30 years or more through postmenopausal period, treatment and following up their problems during this period is among the main duties of a midwife. The aim of this study is to determine the relationship between personality traits and vasomotor symptoms in postmenopausal women...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
Carlo Biz, Elia Barison, Pietro Ruggieri, Claudio Iacobellis
BACKGROUND: Open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) and percutaneous surgery (PS) are the most common surgical procedures for the treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. The purpose of this retrospective study was to compare the clinical and radiological results of these techniques and to verify the prognostic value of the radiographic measurement tools proposed in the literature. METHODS: A consecutive series of 104 calcaneal fractures was included in this analysis...
2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Alexander Weiss, Bart M L Baselmans, Edith Hofer, Jingyun Yang, Aysu Okbay, Penelope A Lind, Mike B Miller, Ilja M Nolte, Wei Zhao, Saskia P Hagenaars, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Lindsay K Matteson, Harold Snieder, Jessica D Faul, Catharina A Hartman, Patricia A Boyle, Henning Tiemeier, Miriam A Mosing, Alison Pattie, Gail Davies, David C Liewald, Reinhold Schmidt, Philip L De Jager, Andrew C Heath, Markus Jokela, John M Starr, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Magnus Johannesson, David Cesarini, Albert Hofman, Sarah E Harris, Jennifer A Smith, Liisa Keltikangas-Järvinen, Laura Pulkki-Råback, Helena Schmidt, Jacqui Smith, William G Iacono, Matt McGue, David A Bennett, Nancy L Pedersen, Patrik K E Magnusson, Ian J Deary, Nicholas G Martin, Dorret I Boomsma, Meike Bartels, Michelle Luciano
Approximately half of the variation in wellbeing measures overlaps with variation in personality traits. Studies of non-human primate pedigrees and human twins suggest that this is due to common genetic influences. We tested whether personality polygenic scores for the NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) domains and for item response theory (IRT) derived extraversion and neuroticism scores predict variance in wellbeing measures. Polygenic scores were based on published genome-wide association (GWA) results in over 17,000 individuals for the NEO-FFI and in over 63,000 for the IRT extraversion and neuroticism traits...
October 2016: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Shin Yuh Ang, Satvinder S Dhaliwal, Tracy Carol Ayre, Thendral Uthaman, Kuan Yok Fong, Choo Eng Tien, Huaqiong Zhou, Phillip Della
Background. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence and extent of burnout among nurses in Singapore and investigate the influence of demographic factors and personal characteristics on the burnout syndrome. Methods. A cross-sectional survey design was adopted. All registered nurses working in Singapore General Hospital were approached to participate. A questionnaire eliciting data on demographics, burnout (measured using the Maslach Burnout Inventory, MBI), and personality profile (measured using the NEO Five-Factor Inventory, NEO-FFI) was used...
2016: BioMed Research International
K Rome, H Clark, J Gray, P McMeekin, M Plant, J Dixon
OBJECTIVES: Foot orthoses are commonly prescribed as an intervention for people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Data relating to the cost-effectiveness of foot orthoses in people with RA are limited. The aim was to evaluate the clinical and cost-effectiveness of two types of foot orthoses in people with established RA. METHOD: A single-blind randomized controlled trial was undertaken to compare custom-made foot orthoses (CMFOs) and simple insoles (SIs) in 41 people with established RA...
July 28, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Wolfgang Schneider, Stefan Jurenitsch
BACKGROUND: Despite increasing popularity of the Foot Function Index (FFI), normative values are still unavailable for this self-administered score. This study was designed to generate age- and sex-related normative values for the FFI-total and for both subscales FFI-pain and FFI-disability. METHODS: We used the cross-cultural adapted and validated German version of the FFI to generate a data pool using the results of 625 individuals, including staff and visitors to our hospital and excluding persons scheduled for foot surgery or in after-treatment...
July 19, 2016: Foot & Ankle International
Karolina Maliszewska, Małgorzata Świątkowska-Freund, Mariola Bidzan, Krzysztof Preis
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to identify factors increasing or decreasing the risk for postpartum blues. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 101 women in their first week postpartum were included in the study. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale, questions concerning their medical and social status, and psychological tests (the Personality Inventory NEO-FFI, The Mieczysław Plopa and Jan Rostowski Marriage Questionnaire, and the Berlin Social Support Scales) were used...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Karen Hillmann, Corinne Neukel, Dirk Hagemann, Sabine C Herpertz, Katja Bertsch
INTRODUCTION: Early-life maltreatment (ELM) has long-lasting negative consequences and is the most important general risk factor for mental disorders. Nevertheless, a number of maltreated children grow up to become healthy adults and have therefore been called 'resilient'. The aim of the current study is to investigate 'resilience factors' in the context of severe ELM. METHOD: The study was part of the large multicenter project Understanding and Breaking the Intergenerational Cycle of Abuse (UBICA)...
July 15, 2016: Psychopathology
L Smeijers, B M Szabó, W J Kop
BACKGROUND: Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TCC) is a transient condition characterised by severe left ventricular dysfunction combined with symptoms and signs mimicking myocardial infarction. Emotional triggers are common, but little is known about the psychological background characteristics of TCC. This study examined whether patients with TTC have higher levels of psychological distress (depressive symptoms, perceived stress, general anxiety), illness-related anxiety and distinct personality factors compared with healthy controls and patients with heart failure...
September 2016: Netherlands Heart Journal
Alessandra D Nostro, Veronika I Müller, Andrew T Reid, Simon B Eickhoff
Previous studies have shown that males and females differ in personality and gender differences have also been reported in brain structure. However, effects of gender on this "personality-brain" relationship are yet unknown. We therefore investigated if the neural correlates of personality differ between males and females. Whole brain voxel-based morphometry was used to investigate the influence of gender on associations between NEO FFI personality traits and gray matter volume (GMV) in a matched sample of 182 males and 182 females...
July 7, 2016: Cerebral Cortex
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