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Craniofacial surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049144/the-etiology-of-neuronal-development-in-craniosynostosis-a-working-hypothesis
#1
Eric D Brooks, Joel S Beckett, Jenny Yang, Andrew T Timberlake, Alexander H Sun, Carolyn Chuang, John A Persing
Craniosynostosis is one of the most common craniofacial conditions treated by neurologic and plastic surgeons. In addition to disfigurement, children with craniosynostosis experience significant cognitive dysfunction later in life. Surgery is performed in infancy to correct skull deformity; however, the field is at a crossroads regarding the best approach for correction. Since the cause of brain dysfunction in these patients has remained uncertain, the role and type of surgery might have in attenuating the later-observed cognitive deficits through impact on the brain has been unclear...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044894/immediate-implant-placement-and-provisionalization-following-tumor-resective-surgery-in-the-midfacial-region-a-case-series
#2
Nelson Fernandes, Jacobus van den Heever, Leanne Sykes
Surgical and prosthodontic restoration of the midfacial region following tumor resection has always posed a considerable challenge, as this area serves crucial functional and esthetic roles. Being diagnosed and subsequently treated for facial tumors can have an immense psychosocial impact on a patient, as the resulting defects are often disfiguring, and lead to an inability to masticate, swallow, and speak clearly. Provision of an immediate facial and dental prosthesis at the time of surgery can limit these side effects and help reduce mental duress on these patients and their families, as well as aid in the process of rehabilitation...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontics: Official Journal of the American College of Prosthodontists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040150/clinical-evaluation-of-standardized-fronto-orbital-advancement-for-correction-of-isolated-trigonocephaly
#3
Ali-Farid Safi, Matthias Kreppel, Andrea Grandoch, Martin Kauke, Hans-Joachim Nickenig, Joachim Zöller
Corrective surgery of trigonocephaly is a major challenge, owing to the complex development of the craniofacial skull. Although reports on the clinical success of standardized fronto-orbital advancement have been promising, there is a lack of studies, assessing this method. Hence, the aim of our study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of a standardized fronto-orbital advancement procedure for correction of isolated nonsyndromic trigonocephaly, in our patient cohort. The retrospective study included 30 patients from 2008 to 2015...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040147/longitudinal-assessment-of-developmental-outcomes-in-infants-undergoing-late-craniosynostosis-repair
#4
Stefani C Fontana, Skylar Belinger, Debby Daniels, Margaret Tuttle, Paul J Camarata, Brian T Andrews
Evaluation of infants with craniosynostosis for surgical intervention, as opposed to conservative management, remains a challenge within the field of craniofacial surgery. Studies have consistently demonstrated that surgical repair of craniosynostosis is ideally performed between 3 and 12 months of age. As such, there is limited data regarding neurocognitive development in infants who initially present with uncorrected craniosynostosis after 12 months of age. Moreover, the impact of cranial vault surgery on neurocognitive development at all ages remains under investigation...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035774/facial-dog-bite-injuries-in-children-a-case-report
#5
Alessandro Leite Cavalcanti, Edgleys Porto, Bruno Ferreira Dos Santos, Christiane Leite Cavalcanti, Alidianne Fábia Cabral Cavalcanti
INTRODUCTION: Dog bites are common and can affect victims of different ages, from children to the elderly. Injuries are usually located in different body regions, including head and face. The treatment of choice for injuries is the suture of the lesion, accompanied by antibiotic therapy and tetanus and anti-rabies vaccination. PRESENTATION OF CASE: An 11-year-old male black patient was admitted to the Surgery and Maxillo-Facial Traumatology Service, on an urgent basis, victim of domestic animal aggression (dog biting)...
October 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031529/enhanced-surgical-outcomes-in-patients-with-skeletal-class-iii-facial-asymmetry-by-3-dimensional-surgical-simulation
#6
Ellen Wen-Ching Ko, Cheng-Hui Lin, Ying-An Chen, Yu-Ray Chen
PURPOSE: With the advance of image fusion techniques, the creation of 3-dimensional (3D) virtual head and 3D surgical simulations has provided previews of surgical procedures. The aim of this study was to investigate the surgical outcomes in patients receiving orthognathic surgery (OGS) with the guidance of 3D computer-assisted surgical simulation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 34 consecutive patients (15 men and 19 women; age, 18.1 to 33.0 yr) with skeletal Class III facial asymmetry who underwent bimaxillary OGS...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030279/posterior-cranial-vault-distraction-osteogenesis-in-craniofacial-surgery-technical-note
#7
Q de Kerangal, A Paré, A Joly, N Travers, D Goga, B Laure
INTRODUCTION: Posterior cranial vault distraction is a treatment for intracranial hypertension in certain cases of craniosynostosis and faciocraniosynostosis. It allows the harmonisation of the skull back and prevents turricephaly. This study presents the surgical technique. TECHNICAL NOTE: Posterior cranial vault distraction osteogenesis consists of a circular osteotomy of the skull back. Four distractors are placed on the cranial flap without detachment of the dura mater...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026812/medical-student-perception-of-plastic-surgery-and-the-impact-of-mainstream-media
#8
S J Fraser, S Al Youha, P J Rasmussen, J G Williams
BACKGROUND: Plastic surgery as a discipline is poorly understood by many, including primary care physicians, nurses, medical students, and the public. These misconceptions affect the specialty in a number of ways, including referral patterns and recruitment of medical students into residency programs. The reason for these commonly held misconceptions has not yet been addressed in the plastic surgery literature. As such, we assessed medical students' knowledge and perceptions of plastic surgery as a discipline and explored factors influencing these opinions...
February 2017: Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023295/craniofacial-surgery-in-chile
#9
J Alejandro Conejero
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 11, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969194/evaluation-of-use-of-adipose-cells-in-various-procedures-of-plastic-surgery-and-its-volumetric-quantification-using-high-resolution-ultrasound
#10
Somashekar Gejje, Arun K Singh, P K Srivastava, Madhumati Goel, Vijay Kumar, Amrita Hongal
INTRODUCTION: Autologous fat transfer is based on one of the principles of plastic surgery, replace like with like. It is used in wide variety of aesthetic procedures such as lip, facial augmentation and reconstructive procedures such as involutional disorders, post traumatic defects etc. AIM: This prospective study was on the use of adipose cells in various procedures of plastic surgery, the role of high resolution ultrasound in estimating the volume of the grafted fat, comparison of the results based on the different donor sites of the harvested fat and comparison of the effectiveness of grafted fat in extremities and craniofacial region...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962092/twenty-year-review-of-a-single-surgeon-s-experience-using-a-unique-surgical-technique-to-correct-lambdoidal-synostosis
#11
Charles Rodriguez-Feo, Julian Winocour, Roberto Ramirez, Marcia Spear, Kevin Kelly
BACKGROUND: Numerous techniques for the surgical management of lambdoidal synostosis have been previously described; however, no best practice technique currently exists. Surgical procedures range from complete posterior calvarial reconstruction to distraction osteogenesis techniques. Our primary purpose is to describe a novel approach to correct unilateral or bilateral lambdoidal synostosis. METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on a single surgeon's experience with craniosynostosis (1994-2014)...
October 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953731/impact-of-a-cleft-and-craniofacial-center-on-an-academic-health-system
#12
Navid Pourtaheri, Aaron Kearney, Derrick C Wan, Gregory Lakin
BACKGROUND: The contributions of all physician specialties and ancillary services involved in cleft and craniofacial center care must be evaluated to fairly assess the financial impact of a cleft and craniofacial center. The authors hypothesized that the cleft and craniofacial center generates profitable downstream productivity for the academic health system. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of all patients who presented to a cleft and craniofacial center in the first quarter of 2011...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953730/age-related-differences-in-psychosocial-function-of-children-with-craniofacial-anomalies
#13
Elizabeth J Volpicelli, Miles J Pfaff, Kevin Hakimi, James P Bradley, R Christian Solem, Justine C Lee
BACKGROUND: Age is a frequent consideration for surgical timing in pediatric craniofacial surgery for optimal psychosocial development. However, systematic evaluations of the effects of age in children under active treatment have not been thoroughly evaluated. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients (age, 8 to 17 years; 46.5 percent male) from the University of California, Los Angeles, Craniofacial Clinic were prospectively evaluated using the Pediatric Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System to assess anger, anxiety, depression, and quality of peer relationships...
October 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953522/use-of-fat-grafts-in-facial-reconstruction-on-the-wounded-soldiers-from-the-first-world-war-wwi-by-hippolyte-morestin-1869-1919
#14
Nadia Benmoussa, Kevin Hansen, Philippe Charlier
INTRODUCTION: During the Great War of 1914 to 1918, spectacular progress was made in the field of facial reconstruction. The sheer number and severity of facial lesions inflicted during the fighting obliged French and German surgeons to take a close interest in the treatment of patients wounded in such a manner. As head surgeon of the fifth division "blessés de la face" at the hospital of Val-de-Grace, Hippolyte Morestin was responsible for one of the largest surgical departments specializing in facial surgery and reconstruction during the war...
November 2017: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947808/airway-changes-after-cleft-orthognathic-surgery-evaluated-by-three-dimensional-computed-tomography-and-overnight-polysomnographic-study
#15
Chun-Shin Chang, Christopher Glenn Wallace, Yen-Chang Hsiao, Yuh-Jia Hsieh, Yi-Chin Wang, Ning-Hung Chen, Yu-Fang Liao, Eric Jen-Wein Liou, Philip Kuo-Ting Chen, Jyh-Ping Chen, Yu-Ray Chen
Cleft lip and palate is the most common congenital craniofacial anomaly. Up to 60% of these patients will benefit from cleft orthognathic surgery, which consists primarily of maxillary advancement and mandibular setback to address midface retrusion and relative mandibular protrusion, respectively. It is believed that maxillary advancement can enlarge the airway whilst mandibular setback can reduce the airway, but this has not previously been quantified for cleft patients undergoing orthognathic surgery. This unique longitudinal prospective study of 18 patients was conducted between April 2013 and July 2016...
September 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941966/otologic-disorders-in-turner-syndrome
#16
E Bois, M Nassar, D Zenaty, J Léger, T Van Den Abbeele, N Teissier
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Turner syndrome (TS) have craniofacial malformations, such as Eustachian tube hypoplasia and dysfunction and velar dysfunction, which foster acute otitis media. The aim of this study was to inventory pediatric otologic disorders in patients with TS at their first ENT consultation in our center. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We reviewed the ENT consultation data of pediatric TS patients followed in our center between 2005 and 2015: otoscopy, hearing threshold, and history of acute otitis media or ENT surgery...
September 20, 2017: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941502/neurosurgical-considerations-in-craniofacial-trauma
#17
REVIEW
Robert Glenn Oxford, Randall Matther Chesnut
Spinal and traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) often accompany craniofacial trauma. Neurosurgical considerations can range from initial emergent surgery to conservative management of closed head injuries in patients with craniofacial injuries. This article discusses the most common disorders managed by neurosurgeons in the setting of craniofacial trauma, and reviews the usual timing and setting for various treatments that patients with TBI encounter throughout the course of treatment. It also highlights the consequences of TBI on the timing and planning of craniofacial repairs and the importance of multidisciplinary cooperation to provide comprehensive care to survivors of trauma...
November 2017: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922240/an-efficient-method-for-hair-containment-during-head-and-neck-surgery
#18
Nicola Zingaretti, Fabrizio De Biasio, Michele Riccio, Andrea Marchesi, Pier Camillo Parodi
The authors present a simple technique for operations around hair-bearing areas such as during a rhytidectomy. Hair surrounding the surgical field is twisted into bundles and clipped with duckbill clips. The authors repeat the procedure for each strand of hair. Between 5 and 7 duckbill clips may be required per surgery.The clippers are faster, easily applicable, and well performing. They can be used with different hair lengths, and they do not require any additional trimming or shaving; clips also keep the hair firmly in place, and they do not loosen up in the process...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922233/endoscopic-versus-open-repair-for-craniosynostosis-in-infants-using-propensity-score-matching-to-compare-outcomes-a-multicenter-study-from-the-pediatric-craniofacial-collaborative-group
#19
Douglas R Thompson, David Zurakowski, Charles M Haberkern, Paul A Stricker, Petra M Meier
BACKGROUND: The North American Pediatric Craniofacial Collaborative Group (PCCG) established the Pediatric Craniofacial Surgery Perioperative Registry to evaluate outcomes in infants and children undergoing craniosynostosis repair. The goal of this multicenter study was to utilize this registry to assess differences in blood utilization, intensive care unit (ICU) utilization, duration of hospitalization, and perioperative complications between endoscopic-assisted (ESC) and open repair in infants with craniosynostosis...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921521/a-paradigm-for-evaluation-and-management-of-the-maxillary-sinus-before-dental-implantation
#20
Yi-Wei Chen, Fu-Ying Lee, Po-Hung Chang, Chi-Che Huang, Chia-Hsiang Fu, Chien-Chia Huang, Ta-Jen Lee
OBJECTIVES: To determine a paradigm for evaluating and managing maxillary sinus conditions before dental implantation via preoperative sinonasal assessment. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. METHODS: Eighty-four patients who underwent dental implantation with or without sinus augmentation were included. Maxillary sinus conditions were classified into groups 1 to 6 according to cone-beam computed tomography (CT) findings: 1) nonspecific findings, 2) solitary polyp or cyst, 3) mucosal thickening, 4) air-fluid level or fluid accumulation, 5) near-total opacification of the maxillary or other paranasal sinus, and 6) calcification spots in the maxillary sinus...
September 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
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