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Craniofacial surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731404/jackson-pratt-drainage-in-pediatric-craniofacial-reconstructive-surgery-is-it-helping-or-hurting
#1
Kumar Vasudevan, Ahyuda Oh, R Shane Tubbs, David Garcia, Andrew Reisner, Joshua J Chern
OBJECTIVE Jackson-Pratt drains (JPDs) are commonly employed in pediatric craniofacial reconstructive surgery (CRFS) to reduce postoperative wound complications, but their risk profile remains unknown. Perioperative blood loss and volume shifts are major risks of CFRS. The goal of this study was to evaluate the risks of JPD usage in CFRS, particularly with regard to perioperative blood loss, hyponatremia, intensive care unit (ICU) length of stay, and postoperative wound complications. METHODS The authors performed a retrospective review of data obtained in pediatric patients who underwent CFRS at a single institution, as performed by multiple surgeons between January 2010 and December 2014...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729769/recurrence-and-cancerization-of-ameloblastoma-multivariate-analysis-of-87-recurrent-craniofacial-ameloblastoma-to-assess-risk-factors-associated-with-early-recurrence-and-secondary-ameloblastic-carcinoma
#2
Rong Yang, Zheqi Liu, Sandhya Gokavarapu, Canbang Peng, Tong Ji, Wei Cao
OBJECTIVE: The recurrence and progression of ameloblastoma are unpredictable. Therefore, we examined the influence of clinical factors on recurrence time and analyzed the clinical factors associated with early recurrence and cancerization. We then developed a staging system to predict early recurrence and cancerization. METHODS: All of the primary craniofacial ameloblastoma patients treated in Shanghai Ninth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine were recorded...
June 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728728/cleft-and-craniofacial-surgery
#3
Barry Steinberg, John Caccamese, Bernard J Costello, Jennifer Woerner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721990/neocondyle-distraction-osteogenesis-in-the-management-of-temporomandibular-joint-ankylosis-report-of-five-cases-with-review-of-literature
#4
Ravi Sharma, R Manikandhan, P Sneha, Anantanarayanan Parameswaran, J Naveen Kumar, Hermann F Sailer
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Management of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is a challenging and rather daunting task owing to complex abnormal anatomy and its sequel to craniofacial structures. Various autogenous grafts and alloplastic materials have been tried with variable success for creation of a near-normal joint. In recent years, neocondyle distraction has added a new dimension to the management of TMJ ankylosis. The aim of this paper is to describe the role of neocondyle distraction in TMJ ankylosis...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713738/three-dimensional-planning-and-reconstruction-of-the-mandible-in-children-with-craniofacial-microsomia-type-iii-using-costochondral-grafts
#5
Omri Emodi, Yair Israel, Michal Even Almos, Dror Aizenbud, John A Van Aalst, Adi Rachmiel
BACKGROUND: In craniofacial microsomia (CFM) Type III patients, autogenous costochondral grafts (CCG) are conventionally used for the reconstruction of the ramus and condyle. The aim of this study was to describe the use of CCG in children with CFM in terms of outcomes, growth patterns, and complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of nine, aged 4-12 years, patients with CFM Type III, who underwent reconstruction of the mandibular ramus condyle unit by CCG...
January 2017: Annals of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708641/secondary-palatal-elongation-improvement-in-speech-quality
#6
Muzaffer Çelik
Cleft palate is one of the challenging problems in the field of craniofacial surgery. In particular, the conventional methods of bilateral and severe cleft palate repairs have failed to achieve normal speech. In most instances, secondary procedures such as pharyngoplasty and pharyngeal flap surgery are performed to improve speech.This study introduces secondary palatal elongation (SPE) as a new approach to cleft palate repair. The patients included usually had a short palate and unrepaired palatal muscles. The authors' procedure involved dissecting the previously repaired palatal mucosa and pushing back and cutting the nasal mucosa of the palate horizontally and further pushing it back...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706789/craniometaphyseal-dysplasia-a-review-and-novel-oral-manifestation
#7
K Martin, S Nathwani, R Bunyan
Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia (CMD) is a sclerosing osseous dysplasia characterised by hyperostosis of craniofacial and long bones, resulting in distortion and cranial nerve palsies. We present a case report on the management of a 63 year old female with Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia. This report describes an additional clinical manifestation of hypercementosis, which although well recognised in other sclerosing osseous dysplasias, is not reported in the literature for Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia. We discuss established in vivo studies in mice which link the genetic mutations found in Craniometaphyseal Dysplasia to hypercementosis, and how this report describes the same manifestation in humans...
May 2017: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699175/long-term-health-outcomes-of-adults-with-mccune-albright-syndrome
#8
S C Wong, M Zacharin
CONTEXT: McCune Albright Syndrome (MAS) is associated with numerous health problems. Comprehensive long term health problems of adults with MAS are less well defined in the literature. OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to report comprehensive health outcomes of adults with MAS (> 18 years). DESIGN: Retrospective case note review of 16 adults with MAS managed by one clinician. Results expressed as median (range) RESULTS: The study included 16 adults (7 males) with MAS...
July 12, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678141/prevalence-of-rare-craniofacial-clefts
#9
Abdoljalil Kalantar-Hormozi, Ali Abbaszadeh-Kasbi, Farhood Goravanchi, Nazanin Rita Davai
BACKGROUND: Craniofacial clefts are extremely rare congenital malformations that have adverse functional, psychosocial, and aesthetic effects on patients' life. Although the exact incidence is unclear, it is estimated between 1.4 and 4.9 per 100,000 live births. Prevalence of the rare craniofacial clefts is imprecise due to the paucity of literature as well as their etiologies. METHODS: All the patients with rare craniofacial clefts during 10 years in a plastic surgery tertiary referral hospital were included, and Tessier craniofacial clefting classification was used for classifying the clefts...
July 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678139/the-axis-of-craniofacial-surgery-innovation-and-advancement-from-boston-to-baltimore-via-new-york
#10
Mutaz B Habal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676434/multifunctional-bioactive-glass-and-glass-ceramic-biomaterials-with-antibacterial-properties-for-repair-and-regeneration-of-bone-tissue
#11
REVIEW
João S Fernandes, Piergiorgio Gentile, Ricardo A Pires, Rui L Reis, Paul V Hatton
Bioactive glasses (BGs) and related glass-ceramic biomaterials have been used in bone tissue repair for over 30years. Previous work in this field was comprehensively reviewed including by their inventor Larry Hench, and the key features and properties of BGs are well understood. More recently, attention has focused on their modification to further enhance the osteogenic behaviour, or further compositional changes that may introduce additional properties, such as antimicrobial activity. Evidence is emerging that BGs and related glass-ceramics may be modified in such a way as to simultaneously introduce more than one desirable property...
July 1, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673238/report-of-an-unsual-case-of-anophthalmia-and-craniofacial-cleft-in-a-newborn-with-toxoplasma-gondii-congenital-infection
#12
Gabriel Emmanuel Arce-Estrada, Valeria Gómez-Toscano, Carlos Cedillo-Peláez, Ana Luisa Sesman-Bernal, Vanessa Bosch-Canto, José Luis Mayorga-Butrón, José Antonio Vargas-Villavicencio, Dolores Correa
BACKGROUND: We present one unusual case of anophthalmia and craniofacial cleft, probably due to congenital toxoplasmosis only. CASE PRESENTATION: A two-month-old male had a twin in utero who disappeared between the 7(th) and the 14(th) week of gestation. At birth, the baby presented anophthalmia and craniofacial cleft, and no sign compatible with genetic or exposition/deficiency problems, like the Wolf-Hirschhorn syndrome or maternal vitamin A deficiency. Congenital toxoplasmosis was confirmed by the presence of IgM abs and IgG neo-antibodies in western blot, as well as by real time PCR in blood...
July 3, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665863/the-role-of-skeletal-stem-cells-in-the-reconstruction-of-bone-defects
#13
Matthew P Murphy, Dre Irizarry, Michael Lopez, Alessandra L Moore, Ryan C Ransom, Michael T Longaker, Derek C Wan, Charles K F Chan
Craniofacial surgery, since its inauguration, has been the culmination of collaborative efforts to solve complex congenital, dysplastic, oncological, and traumatic cranial bone defects. Now, 50 years on from the first craniofacial meeting, the collaborative efforts between surgeons, scientists, and bioengineers are further advancing craniofacial surgery with new discoveries in tissue regeneration. Recent advances in regenerative medicine and stem cell biology have transformed the authors' understanding of bone healing, the role of stem cells governing bone healing, and the effects of the niche environment and extracellular matrix on stem cell fate...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665842/variations-in-current-procedural-terminology-coding-for-craniofacial-surgery-a-need-for-review-and-change
#14
Ember L Ewings, Petros Konofaos, Robert D Wallace
BACKGROUND: A survey was utilized to study the coding practices of surgeons performing craniofacial procedures, in order to determine whether coding for these procedures might be standardized or expanded. METHODS: An online survey was designed with 6 sample cases to cover a variety of procedures encountered in the field of craniofacial surgery which was sent to members of 3 professional organizations centered around the practice of craniofacial/maxillofacial surgery...
June 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664712/comparative-study-on-usefulness-of-gentamycin-containing-collagen-implants-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-osteitis-and-osteomyelitis-of-the-craniofacial-skeleton
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Paweł J Zawadzki, Konrad Perkowski, Michał Kotlarski, Anna Pietruczuk-Padzik, Lidia Chomicz
<b>Introduction and objective.</b> A reduction in incidences of peri-surgical complications due to infections is achieved by antibiotic prophylaxis The objective of the study was to assess the usefulness of gentamycin-containing collagen implants (GCCI) in the treatment of patients with osteitis and osteomyelitis of the craniofacial skeleton. <b>Materials and method.</b> The retrospective study included 103 patients with osteitis and osteomyelitis. 54 patients were treated intra-operatively with GCCI (Garamycin, EusaPharma, Europe)...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658354/retention-period-after-treatment-of-posterior-crossbite-with-maxillary-expansion-a-systematic-review
#16
Julia Garcia Costa, Thaís Magalhães Galindo, Claudia Trindade Mattos, Adriana de Alcantara Cury-Saramago
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review was to evaluate the duration of the retention period in growing patients undergoing maxillary expansion and its relation with posterior crossbite stability. METHODS: Search strategies were executed for electronic databases Cochrane Library, Web of Science, PubMed and Scopus, which were completed on January 15, 2016. The inclusion criteria included randomized, prospective or retrospective controlled trials in growing subjects with posterior crossbite; treated with maxillary expanders; retention phase after expansion; post-retention phase of at least 6 months...
March 2017: Dental Press Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658334/customized-acrylic-implants-for-reconstruction-of-extensive-skull-defects-an-exception-approach-for-selected-patients
#17
Rafael Denadai Pigozzi DA Silva, Cesar Augusto Raposo-Amaral, Marcelo Campos Guidi, Cassio Eduardo Raposo-Amaral, Celso Luiz Buzzo
Objective: to present our experience in the surgical treatment of extensive skullcap defects with customized acrylic implants. Methods: we conducted a retrospective analysis of patients with extensive skull defects undergoing acrylic cranioplasties between 2004 and 2013. We carefully selected all patients and classified surgical results based on three scales (craniofacial esthetics, improvement of facial symmetry and need for additional surgery). Results: fifteen patients underwent cranioplasty with intraoperative acrylic implants, whether manually customized (46...
March 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654610/what-s-new-in-syndromic-craniosynostosis-surgery
#18
Jesse A Taylor, Scott P Bartlett
LEARNING OBJECTIVES: After studying this article, the participant should be able to: 1. Understand the role of prenatal screening and counseling of parents of unborn children with syndromic craniosynostosis. 2. Recognize the genetic abnormalities, craniofacial phenotype, associated anomalies, and challenges associated with each of the five major forms of syndromic craniosynostosis. 3. Identify the pros and cons associated with timing and types of cranial vault remodeling techniques in this patient population...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654599/predictors-of-autologous-free-fat-graft-retention-in-the-management-of-craniofacial-contour-deformities
#19
Rafael Denadai, Cesar Augusto Raposo-Amaral, Andre Silveira Pinho, Thais Miguel Lameiro, Celso Luiz Buzzo, Cassio Eduardo Raposo-Amaral
BACKGROUND: Autologous free fat graft outcomes are not always predictable, and variables that can potentially influence fat graft retention are still not well understood or investigated. The purposes of this study were to assess fat graft retention in the management of craniofacial contour deformities and to identify possible predictive factors of this retention. METHODS: A prospective analysis was conducted using consecutive patients with unilateral craniofacial contour deformities who underwent autologous free fat grafting between 2012 and 2015...
July 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653561/incidence-of-secondary-surgery-after-modified-furlow-palatoplasty-a-20-year-single-surgeon-case-series
#20
Stephen R Chorney, Emily Commesso, And Sherard Tatum
Objective To determine the occurrence of velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) requiring surgery and fistula repair after primary palatoplasty using a "modified" Furlow technique. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Academic multidisciplinary cleft and craniofacial center. Subjects and Methods Children younger than 18 years at presentation, with unrepaired cleft palate, with or without cleft lip, including submucous clefts, who underwent palatoplasty were included. No cleft patients having primary repair were excluded...
June 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
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