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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470415/exclusive-breastfeeding-rate-and-complementary-feeding-indicators-in-china-a-national-representative-survey-in-2013
#1
Yifan Duan, Zhenyu Yang, Jianqiang Lai, Dongmei Yu, Suying Chang, Xuehong Pang, Shan Jiang, Huanmei Zhang, Ye Bi, Jie Wang, Robert W Scherpbier, Liyun Zhao, Shian Yin
Appropriate infant and young child feeding could reduce morbidity and mortality and could improve cognitive development of children. However, nationwide data on exclusive breastfeeding and complementary feeding status in China are scarce. The aim of this study was to assess current exclusive breastfeeding and complementary feeding status in China. A national representative survey (Chinese National Nutrition and Health Survey) of children aged under 6 years was done in 2013. Stratified multistage cluster sampling was used to select study participants...
February 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464377/is-oral-feeding-compatible-with-an-unresponsive-wakefulness-syndrome
#2
Evelyne Mélotte, Audrey Maudoux, Sabrina Delhalle, Charlotte Martial, Georgios Antonopoulos, Stephen Karl Larroque, Sarah Wannez, Marie-Elisabeth Faymonville, Jean-François Kaux, Steven Laureys, Olivia Gosseries, Audrey Vanhaudenhuyse
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to explore the possibility of oral feeding in unresponsive wakefulness syndrome/vegetative state (UWS/VS) patients. METHOD: We reviewed the clinical information of 68 UWS/VS patients (mean age 45 ± 11; range 16-79 years) searching for mention of oral feeding. UWS/VS diagnosis was made after repeated behavioural assessments using the Coma Recovery Scale-Revised. Patients also had complementary neuroimaging evaluations (positron emission tomography, functional magnetic resonance imaging and electroencephalography and diffusion tensor imaging)...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29462570/maternal-perceptions-of-infant-feeding-and-health-in-the-context-of-the-2015-nepal-earthquake
#3
Sarah DeYoung, Manoj Suji, Hannah G Southall
BACKGROUND: Displacement caused by the 2015 earthquake in Nepal exacerbated poor health and nutrition for thousands of women and children. Research aim: This study aimed to identify the perceptions of Nepalese mothers residing in earthquake relocation camps regarding barriers, facilitators, and situational factors influencing breastfeeding and family well-being. METHODS: An exploratory, rapid ethnographic approach was used during two fieldwork phases. Phase 1 consisted of reconnaissance and observation, whereas Phase 2 consisted of observation and qualitative semistructured interviews with infant caretakers ( N = 14)...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457002/early-dietary-patterns-and-microbiota-development-still-a-way-to-go-from-descriptive-interactions-to-health-relevant-solutions
#4
REVIEW
Patricia Iozzo, Elena Sanguinetti
Early nutrition and growth in the initial years of life are important determinants of later body weight and metabolic health in humans, and the current epidemic of obesity involving children requires a better understanding of causal and protective mechanisms and components in infant foods. This review focuses on recent evidence implicating feeding modes (e.g., breast milk and formula milk) and dietary transitions toward complementary foods in the progression of microbiota maturation in children. The literature exploring body weight outcomes of microbiota changes induced by diet in early life is limited...
2018: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435768/a-multifaceted-mass-spectrometric-method-to-probe-feeding-related-neuropeptide-changes-in-callinectes-sapidus-and-carcinus-maenas
#5
Yuzhuo Zhang, Kellen DeLaney, Limei Hui, Junhua Wang, Robert M Sturm, Lingjun Li
Food intake is regulated by various neuromodulators, including numerous neuropeptides. However, it remains elusive at the molecular and cellular level as to how these important chemicals regulate internal processes and which regions of the neuronal organs are responsible for regulating the behavior. Here we report a comparative neuropeptidomic analysis of the brain and pericardial organ (PO) in response to feeding in two well-studied crustacean physiology model organisms, Callinectes sapidus and Carcinus maenas, using mass spectrometry (MS) techniques...
February 12, 2018: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422772/the-association-between-infant-and-young-child-feeding-practices-and-diarrhoea-in-tanzanian-children
#6
Felix Akpojene Ogbo, Hillary Nguyen, Sabrina Naz, Kingsley E Agho, Andrew Page
Background: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of child mortality in Tanzania. The association between optimal infant feeding practices and diarrhoea has been reported elsewhere, but the evidence has been limited to promote and advocate for strategic interventions in Tanzania. This study examined the association between infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices and diarrhoea in Tanzanian children under 24 months. Methods: The study used the Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey data to estimate the prevalence of diarrhoea stratified by IYCF practices...
2018: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413493/supplementation-of-suckling-rats-with-cow-s-milk-induces-hyperphagia-and-higher-visceral-adiposity-in-females-at-adulthood-but-not-in-males
#7
Vanessa Silva Tavares Rodrigues, Egberto Gaspar Moura, Dayse Nascimento Bernardino, Janaine Cavalcanti Carvalho, Patricia Novaes Soares, Thamara Cherem Peixoto, Nayara Peixoto-Silva, Elaine Oliveira, Patricia Cristina Lisboa
In humans, complementary feeding should be started after 6 months-old; the introduction of any food or water before this time is considered early weaning, which is associated with health problems in adulthood. Cow's milk is a common food introduced to children less than 6 months that has inadequate nutritional composition mainly due to a worse casein: whey protein ratio compared to human milk. We hypothesized that suckling rats fed with cow's milk, rich in bioactive peptides, develop further metabolic dysfunctions...
December 10, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404822/effects-of-temperature-and-melatonin-on-day-night-expression-patterns-of-arginine-vasotocin-and-isotocin-mrna-in-the-diencephalon-of-a-temperate-wrasse-halichoeres-tenuispinis
#8
Selma Bouchekioua, Sung-Pyo Hur, Yuki Takeuchi, Young-Don Lee, Akihiro Takemura
Most wrasses are protogynous species that swim to feed, reproduce during the daytime, and bury themselves under the sandy bottom at night. In temperate and subtropical wrasses, low temperature influences emergence from the sandy bottom in the morning, and induces a hibernation-like state in winter. We cloned and characterized the prohormone complementary DNAs (cDNAs) of arginine vasotocin (AVT) and isotocin (IT) in a temperate wrasse (Halichoeres tenuispinis) and examined the effects of day/night and temperature on their expression in the diencephalon, because these neurohypophysial peptides are related to the sex behavior of wrasses...
February 5, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394083/exclusive-breastfeeding-and-complementary-feedings-are-not-mutually-exclusive
#9
Arthur I Eidelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2018: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386728/complete-coverage-and-covering-completely-breast-feeding-and-complementary-feeding-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-of-mothers
#10
Sunil Jain, R K Thapar, R K Gupta
Background: Knowing current trends for timely comprehensive action for health promotion practices is an important prerequisite for medical practitioners and policy makers. Methods: A survey of mothers at a Tertiary Care Hospital in central India. Results: On the knowledge front >83.75% of the mothers studied showed good knowledge about breastfeeding and complementary feeding. Similar, but not as encouraging, were the results about attitude, with 76...
January 2018: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386677/reversible-dysphagia-secondary-to-guttural-pouch-mycosis-in-a-gelding-treated-medically-with-voriconazole-and-surgically-with-carotid-occlusion-and-esophagostomy
#11
Ashley E Whitehead, Justin Whitty, Mike Scott, Renaud Léguillette
A gelding was diagnosed with dysphagia and left guttural pouch mycosis. Treatments included topical antifungal drugs, systemic voriconazole, and balloon occlusion of the internal carotid artery. Ongoing dysphagia of neurological origin necessitated extra-oral feeding through an esophagostomy tube. Complementary case management included acupuncture. Clinical remission occurred over 10 weeks.
February 2018: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386563/characterization-of-soil-nematode-communities-in-three-cropping-systems-through-morphological-and-dna-metabarcoding-approaches
#12
Amy M Treonis, Samantha K Unangst, Ryan M Kepler, Jeffrey S Buyer, Michel A Cavigelli, Steven B Mirsky, Jude E Maul
We used complementary morphological and DNA metabarcoding approaches to characterize soil nematode communities in three cropping systems, conventional till (CT), no-till (NT) and organic (ORG), from a long-term field experiment. We hypothesized that organic inputs to the ORG system would promote a more abundant nematode community, and that the NT system would show a more structured trophic system (higher Bongers MI) than CT due to decreased soil disturbance. The abundance of Tylenchidae and Cephalobidae both showed positive correlations to soil organic carbon and nitrogen, which were highest in the ORG system...
January 31, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386008/timely-initiation-of-complementary-feeding-to-children-aged-6-23%C3%A2-months-in-rural-soro-district-of-southwest-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Bereket Yohannes, Elias Ejamo, Thilagavathi Thangavel, Mulugeta Yohannis
BACKGROUND: Poor complementary feeding practice to infants is one of risk factors for child undernutrition in Ethiopia. This would vary across the culturally and socioeconomically diverse settings in this country. Thus, this study was aimed to determine the proportion of timely initiated complementary feeding practice of women to their children aged 6-23 months in rural Soro district in Southwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based crossectional survey was conducted in Soro district from August to September in 2015...
January 31, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383219/initiation-of-complementary-feeding-and-associated-factors-among-children-of-age-6-23-months-in-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#14
Tefera Chane, Shimelash Bitew, Tesfa Mekonnen, Wubalem Fekadu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29373559/data-analyses-and-modelling-for-risk-based-monitoring-of-mycotoxins-in-animal-feed
#15
H J Ine van der Fels-Klerx, Paulien Adamse, Ans Punt, Esther D van Asselt
Following legislation, European Member States should have multi-annual control programs for contaminants, such as for mycotoxins, in feed and food. These programs need to be risk based implying the checks are regular and proportional to the estimated risk for animal and human health. This study aimed to prioritize feed products in the Netherlands for deoxynivalenol and aflatoxin B₁ monitoring. Historical mycotoxin monitoring results from the period 2007-2016 were combined with data from other sources. Based on occurrence, groundnuts had high priority for aflatoxin B₁ monitoring; some feed materials (maize and maize products and several oil seed products) and complete/complementary feed excluding dairy cattle and young animals had medium priority; and all other animal feeds and feed materials had low priority...
January 26, 2018: Toxins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364422/-interventions-to-prevent-the-development-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-younger-than-five-years
#16
Catherine Bonilla, Gisely Híjar, Delia Márquez, Adolfo Aramburú, Juan Pablo Aparco, Ericson L Gutiérrez
Childhood obesity is one of the most severe public health problems worldwide. The present study describes the interventions used to prevent overweight and obesity in children younger than 5 years. The objective of the interventions was to stimulate breastfeeding, monitor the child's growth, and promote adequate complementary feeding by means of nutritional counseling using a responsive feeding approach in different settings, including health centers and residences. The interventions included physical activity and nutritional counseling, with the active participation of the parents...
October 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29355900/let-s-talk-about-stress-baby-infant-feeding-practices-and-stress-in-the-ancient-atacama-desert-northern-chile
#17
Charlotte L King, Siân E Halcrow, Andrew R Millard, Darren R Gröcke, Vivien G Standen, Marco Portilla, Bernardo T Arriaza
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The transition to an agricultural economy is often presumed to involve an increase in female fertility related to changes in weaning practice. In particular, the availability of staple crops as complementary foods is hypothesized to allow earlier weaning in agricultural populations. In this study, our primary aim is to explore whether this model fits the agricultural transition in the Atacama Desert using incremental isotopic analysis. A secondary aim of this study is to identify isotopic patterns relating to weaning, and assess how these may be differentiated from those relating to early life stress...
January 22, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352829/the-who-recommendation-of-home-fortification-of-foods-with-multiple-micronutrient-powders-in-children-under-2-years-of-age-and-its-effectiveness-on-anaemia-and-weight-a-pragmatic-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Yassinmè Elysée Somassè, Michèle Dramaix, Boncana Traoré, Ildephonse Ngabonziza, Ousmane Touré, Mamadou Konaté, Mamadou Diallo, Philippe Donnen
OBJECTIVE: To assess under real community settings the effectiveness of the WHO strategy of home fortification of foods (HFF) with multiple-micronutrient powders on Hb change, anaemia and weight in children. DESIGN: A pragmatic cluster-randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Forty villages in the Nioro Circle in Mali and 722 children aged 6-23 months were randomized to the intervention or control group. The intervention consisted of a daily dose of multiple-micronutrient powder for 3 months; in the control group, no supplement was given...
January 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351750/associations-of-land-cattle-and-food-security-with-infant-feeding-practices-among-a-rural-population-living-in-manyara-tanzania
#19
Bailey Hanselman, Ramya Ambikapathi, Estomih Mduma, Erling Svensen, Laura E Caulfield, Crystal L Patil
BACKGROUND: Livelihoods strategies and food security experiences can positively and negatively affect infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices. This study contributes to this literature by exploring how variation in household economics among rural farmers in Tanzania relates to IYCF patterns over the first 8 months of an infant's life. METHODS: These data were produced from a longitudinal study in which a cohort of mother-infant dyads was followed from birth to 24 months...
January 19, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338801/how-immediate-and-significant-is-the-outcome-of-training-on-diversified-diets-hygiene-and-food-safety-an-effort-to-mitigate-child-undernutrition-in-rural-malawi
#20
Anitha Seetha, Takuji W Tsusaka, Timalizge W Munthali, Maggie Musukwa, Agnes Mwangwela, Zione Kalumikiza, Tinna Manani, Lizzie Kachulu, Nelson Kumwenda, Mike Musoke, Patrick Okori
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the impacts of training on nutrition, hygiene and food safety designed by the Nutrition Working Group, Child Survival Collaborations and Resources Group (CORE). DESIGN: Adapted from the 21d Positive Deviance/Hearth model, mothers were trained on the subjects of appropriate complementary feeding, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) practices, and aflatoxin contamination in food. To assess the impacts on child undernutrition, a randomised controlled trial was implemented on a sample of 179 mothers and their children (<2 years old) in two districts of Malawi, namely Mzimba and Balaka...
January 17, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
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