keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Periostitis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332195/histomorphometry-and-cortical-robusticity-of-the-adult-human-femur
#1
Justyna Jolanta Miszkiewicz, Patrick Mahoney
Recent quantitative analyses of human bone microanatomy, as well as theoretical models that propose bone microstructure and gross anatomical associations, have started to reveal insights into biological links that may facilitate remodeling processes. However, relationships between bone size and the underlying cortical bone histology remain largely unexplored. The goal of this study is to determine the extent to which static indicators of bone remodeling and vascularity, measured using histomorphometric techniques, relate to femoral midshaft cortical width and robusticity...
January 13, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325759/snps-in-the-vicinity-of-p2x7r-rank-rankl-opg-and-wnt-signalling-pathways-and-their-association-with-bone-phenotypes-in-academy-footballers
#2
Ian Varley, David C Hughes, Julie P Greeves, William D Fraser, Craig Sale
CONTEXT: Genotype plays an important role in influencing bone phenotypes, such as bone mineral density, but the role of genotype in determining responses of bone to exercise has yet to be elucidated. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether 10 SNPs associated with genes in the vicinity of P2X7R, RANK/RANKL/OPG and Wnt Signalling Pathways are associated with bone phenotypes in elite academy footballers (Soccer players) and to determine whether these genotypes are associated with training induced changes in bone...
January 8, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319553/voriconazole-induced-periostitis-radiological-keys-for-its-diagnosis
#3
Maria Jesús Gayán Belmonte, Carmen María Botía González, Almudena García Gerónimo, Margarita Martínez Fernández, Isabel María González Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305998/effects-of-mechanical-loading-on-cortical-defect-repair-using-a-novel-mechanobiological-model-of-bone-healing
#4
Chao Liu, Robert Carrera, Vittoria Flamini, Lena Kenny, Pamela Cabahug-Zuckerman, Benson M George, Daniel Hunter, Bo Liu, Gurpreet Singh, Philipp Leucht, Kenneth A Mann, Jill A Helms, Alesha B Castillo
Mechanical loading is an important aspect of post-surgical fracture care. The timing of load application relative to the injury event may differentially regulate repair depending on the stage of healing. Here, we used a novel mechanobiological model of cortical defect repair that offers several advantages including its technical simplicity and spatially confined repair program, making effects of both physical and biological interventions more easily assessed. Using this model, we showed that daily loading (5N peak load, 2Hz, 60 cycles, 4 consecutive days) during hematoma consolidation and inflammation disrupted the injury site and activated cartilage formation on the periosteal surface adjacent to the defect...
January 4, 2018: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300225/articular-cartilage-injury-pathways-and-treatment-options
#5
Timothy M Simon, Douglas W Jackson
Articular cartilage injury and degeneration is a frequent occurrence in synovial joints. Treatment of these articular cartilage lesions are a challenge because this tissue is incapable of quality repair and/or regeneration to its native state. Nonoperative treatments endeavor to control symptoms, and include anti-inflammatory medication, viscosupplementation, bracing, orthotics, and activity modification. Techniques to stimulate the intrinsic repair (fibrocartilage) process include drilling, abrasion, and microfracture of the subchondral bone...
March 2018: Sports Medicine and Arthroscopy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290233/antibiotic-therapy-of-bone-and-joint-infections-in-children-proposals-of-the-french-pediatric-infectious-disease-group
#6
M Lorrot, Y Gillet, C Gras Le Guen, E Launay, R Cohen, E Grimprel
Acute hematogenous bone and joint infections (osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, osteoarthritis, and spondylodiscitis) affect more frequently children younger than 5 years of age. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are needed to limit the risk of complications. Children with suspected bone and joint infections (BJI) should be hospitalized at the beginning of treatment. Surgical drainage is indicated in patients with septic arthritis and in those with periosteal abscess. Staphylococcus aureus is involved in BJIs in children at all ages; Kingella kingae is a very common causative pathogen in children under 4 years of age...
December 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286059/functional-anatomy-of-the-nasal-bones-and-adjacent-structures-consequences-for-nasal-surgery
#7
M Popko, S A M W Verlinde-Schellekens, E H Huizing, R L A W Bleys
The periosteum of the nasal bones, the periosteal-perichondrial nasal envelope, and the cartilaginous support of the bony vault were studied in serial coronal sections of four human cadaver noses. To differentiate between the various tissue components, the sections were stained according to Mallory-Cason and Verhoeff-Van Gieson stain. The results demonstrated: 1. the presence of clearly distinguishable layers of the periosteum covering the nasal bones; 2. the presence of a continuous periosteal-perichondrial covering of the bony and cartilaginous nasal vaults; 3...
December 29, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284945/comparison-of-marginal-periosteal-pedicle-graft-and-bioactive-glass-with-platelet-rich-fibrin-and-bioactive-glass-in-the-treatment-of-intrabony-defects-a-clinicoradiographic-study
#8
M S Yasaswini, K V Prabhakara Rao, P Tanuja, Narendra Reddy Motakatla
Introduction and Objectives: The objective of the study was to compare clinically and radiographically the regenerative potential of marginal periosteal pedicle graft (MPPG) or platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) with a bioactive glass in the treatment of two- and three-wall intrabony defects. Methods: A total of 28 sites (bilateral or contralateral infrabony defects) from 14 patient were treated with MPPG (Experimental site A) and the other site was treated with PRF (Experimental site B)...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276733/decisive-differences-in-the-bone-repair-processes-of-the-metaphysis-and-diaphysis-in-young-mice
#9
Satoshi Inoue, Hirotada Otsuka, Jiro Takito, Masanori Nakamura
Fractures are common traumatic injuries that mainly occur in the metaphyses of long bones such as the proximal humerus, distal radius, and proximal femur. However, most studies of fracture repair processes have focused on the diaphyseal region. In this study, we compared the bone repair processes of the metaphysis and the diaphysis of the mouse tibia. Bone apertures were formed in the tibial metaphysis and diaphysis. At indicated times after surgery, samples were collected, and the healing process was investigated using micro-computed tomography, as well as histological, immunohistochemical, and mRNA expression analyses...
June 2018: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273847/clinical-and-histologic-evaluation-of-different-approaches-to-gain-keratinized-tissue-prior-to-implant-placement-in-fully-edentulous-patients
#10
Daniel S Thoma, AbdulMonem Alshihri, Alain Fontolliet, Christoph H F Hämmerle, Ronald E Jung, Goran I Benic
OBJECTIVES: This work aimed to investigate the effectiveness and predictability of different treatment modalities for gain of keratinized tissue (KT) in fully edentulous jaws prior to dental implant placement: apically positioned flap (APF), APF plus xenogeneic collagen matrix (XCM), and APF plus free gingival graft (FGG). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In fully edentulous patients with insufficient zones of KT at the prospective implant positions, four treatment modalities were performed in the lower jaw: APF, XCM, FGG, and an untreated control group (control)...
December 22, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260774/-the-differential-approach-to-the-surgical-treatment-of-pathologies-of-the-frontal-sinus
#11
A M Elovikov, N V Voronchikhina, O A Kubarikova
The surgical intervention for the management of frontal sinusitis is required in a large fraction of patients presenting with this condition. The treatment of choice for the pathology in question is endoscopic endonasal frontotomy. Whenever the endoscopic technique is impossible to employ, the surgeon has to resort to an extranasal operation on the frontal sinus. The indications for the application of such strategy include the pathological conditions complicated by the intracranial and orbital processes, the presence of large benign tumours, recurrent post-surgical purulent sinusitis and traumatic frontal sinusitis...
2017: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258939/retrosigmoid-approach-investigating-the-role-of-a-c-shaped-skin-incision-and-muscle-flaps-in-improving-functional-outcome-and-to-reduce-postoperative-pain
#12
Salvatore Chibbaro, Hélène Cebula, Antonino Scibilia, Giorgio Spatola, Julien Todeschi, Arthur Gubian, Louise Scheer, Gianfranco Ligarotti, Ali Moghaddamjou, Farouk Hajhouji, Filippo Flavio Angileri, Antonino Germanò, Christian Debry, Francois Proust, Mario Ganau
BACKGROUND: A case-control study was designed to investigate the impact on functional outcome and postoperative pain of a modified C-shaped skin incision and muscle flaps in patients undergoing minicraniotomy retrosigmoid approach (mCRSA). METHODS: Enrolled patients were prospectively studied and divided/assigned to Group A, standard straight/lazy S-shaped incision or Group B, modified C-shaped incision. The latter consisted of a 4 cm C-shaped skin incision with medial convexity (placed 8cm laterally to the external occipital protuberance, with the lower edge terminating 1,5-2cm above the mastoid tip); followed, upon sub-periosteal dissection, the muscle flaps are reflected superiorly and inferiorly by stiches...
December 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250831/injectable-simvastatin-gel-for-minimally-invasive-periosteal-distraction-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-studies-in-rat
#13
Jia Hao, Joshua Chou, Shinji Kuroda, Makoto Otsuka, Shohei Kasugai, Niklaus P Lang
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether the subperiosteal injection of simvastatin (SIM) with a novel in situ gel-forming system, SrHA/Alg (strontium hydroxyapatite/alginate), can stimulate vertical bone augmentation in a rat calvarial model. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The SrHA/Alg solution was synthesized and combined with different doses of SIM (0.01, 0.02, 0.1, and 0.2 mg) to form the following groups: (1) SrHA/Alg only, (2) SrHA/Alg/0.01, (3) SrHA/Alg/0.02, (4) SrHA/Alg/0...
December 18, 2017: Clinical Oral Implants Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246931/periosteal-desmoid-tumour-a-rare-finding-in-the-oral-cavity
#14
Singh Shruti, Radhika M Bavle, Paremala Konda, Reshma Venugopal
A 55-year-old female patient reported with an intraoral well-localised asymptomatic swelling on the right side of the mandible in relation to the right mandibular first molar along with a history of trauma 6 months back. Panoramic radiograph revealed normal trabecular bone pattern in relation to the lesion. The lesion was excised along with the associated buccal cortical plate and tooth. The microscopic examination revealed a well-circumscribed lesion consisting of spindle cells arranged in storiform pattern associated with the buccal cortical plate...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244667/periosteal-ewing-sarcoma-in-a-65-year-old-man-a-case-report
#15
Julia Bedard, Jessica Burns, Amalia de Comas
CASE: Ewing sarcoma is predominantly a pediatric bone malignancy involving the medullary canal. Periosteal Ewing sarcoma, a subtype arising from the periosteum, is exceedingly rare, with approximately 30 reported cases in the literature. We describe a case of periosteal Ewing sarcoma in the tibia of a 65-year-old man. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a heterogeneous mass in the proximal tibial diaphysis without medullary involvement. The diagnosis was confirmed histologically after biopsy...
April 2017: JBJS Case Connector
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234661/congenital-syphilis-with-bone-lesion-case-report
#16
Vinicius Schott Gameiro, Pedro José Labronici, Igor Mendes de Albuquerque Rosa, José Angelo de Souza da Silva
The authors report a case of congenital syphilis in a newborn with a bone lesion, resulting in left ankle periostitis.
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227579/obesity-type-2-diabetes-increases-inflammation-periosteal-reactive-bone-formation-and-osteolysis-during-staphylococcus-aureus-implant-associated-bone-infection
#17
Christopher W Farnsworth, Eric M Schott, Abigail M Benvie, Jacob Zukoski, Stephen L Kates, Edward M Schwarz, Steven R Gill, Michael J Zuscik, Robert A Mooney
Obese and type 2 diabetic (T2D) patients have a 5-fold increased rate of infection following placement of an indwelling orthopaedic device. Though implant infections are associated with inflammation, periosteal reactive bone formation and osteolysis, the effect of obesity/T2D on these complicating factors has not been studied. To address this question, C57BL/6J mice were fed a high fat diet (60% Kcal from fat) to induce obesity/T2D, or a control diet (10% Kcal from fat) for three months, and challenged with a transtibial pin coated with a bioluminescent USA300 strain of S...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224060/differences-between-osteoradionecrosis-and-medication-related-osteonecrosis-of-the-jaw
#18
Masaya Akashi, Satoshi Wanifuchi, Eiji Iwata, Daisuke Takeda, Junya Kusumoto, Shungo Furudoi, Takahide Komori
PURPOSE: The appearance of osteoradionecrosis (ORN) and medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is similar, but clinically important differences between ORN and MRONJ exist. The aim of this study was to compare the clinical data between ORN and MRONJ and to reveal the critical differences between these diseases. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the epidemiological data, clinical findings, and treatment in 27 ORN and 61 MRONJ patients. Radiographic signs before the initiation of treatment were also assessed...
December 9, 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224005/evidence-of-osteoclastic-activity-in-the-human-temporal-bone
#19
Takefumi Kamakura, Joseph B Nadol
Bone remodeling within the otic capsule has been reported to be inhibited especially at or near the cochlea, except under some pathological conditions such as otosclerosis, Paget's disease, or mastoiditis, when bone remodeling can occur. Microcavitations found in periosteal and endosteal layers of human temporal bone specimens without otosclerosis, Paget's disease, or inflammation as reported in the current study are consistent with osteoclastic bone resorption. Thirty-three temporal bones from 33 patients were prepared for light microscopy and classified into 4 groups: histologically proven dehiscence of the superior semicircular canal (SSCD) (n = 3, group 1), age 20 years or younger (n = 10, group 2), age 90 years or older and with otosclerosis (n = 10, group 3), and age 90 years or older without otosclerosis (n = 10, group 4)...
December 9, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216693/a-comparative-study-in-patients-with-fractures-of-the-lower-limbs-between-rivaroxaban-versus-enoxaparin-and-its-impact-on-bone-healing-time
#20
P Peláez-Damy, A Torres-Gómez, F Mas-Celis, M Martínez-Villalobos
BACKGROUND: Each year it is estimated in the United States an approximate of 8 million fractures; 5 to 10% develop delayed union or absence of periosteal new bone. There are several factors that can cause delay in fracture healing, among the well known, is the use of prophylactic antithrombotic therapy for deep vein thrombosis (DVT). DVT appears in 40 to 60% of the patients undergoing orthopedic surgery without prophylactic antithrombotic therapy. The goal of this study was to assess whether there is a difference in time of bone healing in lower limb fractures (femur and tibia) comparing rivaroxaban to enoxaparin as the prophylactic antithrombotic management...
July 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
keyword
keyword
26034
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"