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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719893/treatment-of-copd-exacerbation-in-switzerland-results-and-recommendations-of-the-european-copd-audit
#1
Michael Buess, Daniel Schilter, Tino Schneider, Marc Maurer, Heinz Borer, Robert Thurnheer, Erich Köhler, Lilian Junker, Kathleen Jahn, Michael Grob, Jochen Rüdiger, Thomas Geiser, Erich Helfenstein, Markus Solèr, René Fiechter, Thomas Sigrist, Patrick Brun, Jürg Barandun, Eva Koltai, José Luis López-Campos, Sylvia Hartl, Michael Roberts, Desiree M Schumann, Michael Tamm, Daiana Stolz
BACKGROUND: The European COPD Audit initiated by the European Respiratory Society (ERS) evaluated the management of hospital admissions due to exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in several European countries. Data on the treatment of severe acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPDs) in Switzerland are scarce. OBJECTIVES: In light of the GOLD 2010 guidelines, this work aims to examine the quality of care for AECOPD and to provide specific recommendations for the management of severe AECOPD in Switzerland...
July 19, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718320/oral-prednisolone-for-4-days-does-not-increase-exercise-tolerance-in-men-with-copd
#2
S L Karlsson, V Backer, Nina Skavlan Godtfredsen
One of the primary objectives in management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is preventing decrease in lung function and reducing the annual number of acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD). An oral course of systemic corticosteroids is a commonly used treatment in AECOPD. We hypothesize that this treatment also increases exercise performance and decreases muscle fatigue. In a randomized double-blinded, parallel, placebo-controlled trial, we investigated 14 men (8 on prednisolone 37.5 mg vs. 6 on placebo) with severe and very severe COPD...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716643/reduced-risk-of-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-after-bariatric-surgery-a-self-controlled-case-series-study
#3
Tadahiro Goto, Yusuke Tsugawa, Mohammad Kamal Faridi, Carlos A Camargo, Kohei Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Obesity is common among individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and associated with increased COPD morbidities. However, little is known about the impact of weight reduction on COPD-related outcomes in obese patients. METHODS: Using the population-based emergency department (ED) and inpatient sample in three U.S. states (California, Florida, and Nebraska), we performed a self-controlled case series study of 481 obese adults (aged 40-65 years) with COPD who underwent bariatric surgery...
July 14, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707030/-update-acute-hypercapnic-respiratory-failure
#4
REVIEW
F Seiler, F C Trudzinski, M Kredel, C Lotz, P M Lepper, R M Muellenbach
BACKGROUND: Hypercapnic respiratory failure is a frequent problem in critical care and mainly affects patients with acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). In recent years, the usage of extracorporeal CO2 removal (ECCO2R) has been increasing. OBJECTIVE: Summarizing the state of the art in the management of hypercapnic respiratory failure with special regard to the role of ECCO2R. METHODS: Review based on a selective literature search and the clinical and scientific experience of the authors...
July 13, 2017: Medizinische Klinik, Intensivmedizin und Notfallmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702957/non-invasive-ventilation-for-the-management-of-acute-hypercapnic-respiratory-failure-due-to-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#5
REVIEW
Christian R Osadnik, Vanessa S Tee, Kristin V Carson-Chahhoud, Joanna Picot, Jadwiga A Wedzicha, Brian J Smith
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) with bi-level positive airway pressure (BiPAP) is commonly used to treat patients admitted to hospital with acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF) secondary to an acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). OBJECTIVES: To compare the efficacy of NIV applied in conjunction with usual care versus usual care involving no mechanical ventilation alone in adults with AHRF due to AECOPD. The aim of this review is to update the evidence base with the goals of supporting clinical practice and providing recommendations for future evaluation and research...
July 13, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690603/oropharyngeal-and-sputum-microbiomes-are-similar-following-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#6
Hai-Yue Liu, Shi-Yu Zhang, Wan-Ying Yang, Xiao-Fang Su, Yan He, Hong-Wei Zhou, Jin Su
Growing evidence suggests that the airway microbiota might be involved in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). Understanding this relationship requires examination of a large-scale population for a long duration to accurately monitor changes in the microbiome. This type of longitudinal study requires an appropriate sampling strategy; two options are the collection of sputum or oropharyngeal swabs. Comparative analysis of the changes that occur in these two specimen types has not been previously performed...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684903/serum-levels-of-igfbp7-are-elevated-during-acute-exacerbation-in-copd-patients
#7
Wenjing Ruan, Minliang Wu, Liuhong Shi, Fengying Li, Liangliang Dong, Yuanhua Qiu, Xiaohong Wu, Kejing Ying
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to explore the insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7) level in the serum of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients during acute exacerbation (AE). METHODS: The study population consisted of 47 AECOPD patients, including 25 patients enrolled between January 2011 and February 2011 (the first group) and 22 patients enrolled from December 2011 to August 2012 (the second group) and 29 healthy controls...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672914/the-levels-of-serum-pro-calcitonin-and-high-sensitivity-c-reactive-protein-in-the-early-diagnosis-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-during-acute-exacerbation
#8
Dejie Gao, Xincan Chen, He Wu, Haidong Wei, Jinling Wu
The level of of procalcitonin (PCT) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) in the acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD) was investigated. Total of 20 patients with acute exacerbation of COPD who were admitted to the Department of Respiratory Medicine, Binzhou Center Hospital in the period of October 2012 to April 2015 were enrolled in the AECOPD group. According to the color of the sputum, the patients with AECOPD were divided into purulent sputum group (n=8) and non-purulent sputum group (n=12). In addition, 15 healthy people from the outpatient medical center were also selected as healthy control group...
July 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636452/epidemiology-of-niv-for-acute-respiratory-failure-in-copd-patients-results-from-the-international-surveys-vs-the-real-world
#9
Aylin Ozsancak Ugurlu, Mehmet Ali Habesoglu
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has been recommended as the  first-line ventilation modality for acute respiratory failure (ARF) due to acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) based on strong evidence. However, everyday clinical practice may differ from findings of multiple randomized controlled trials. Physicians and respiratory therapists involved in NIV management have been queried about its utilization and effectiveness. In addition to these estimates, cohort studies and analysis of large inpatient dataset of patients with AECOPD and ARF managed with NIV have been extensively published over the last two decades...
June 21, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634972/predictors-of-re-exacerbation-after-an-index-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-the-reduce-randomised-clinical-trial
#10
Brigitte Engel, Christian Schindler, Jörg D Leuppi, Jonas Rutishauser
BACKGROUND: Acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) compromise physical activity and quality of life and contribute significantly to health care costs. Systemic glucocorticoids benefit clinical outcome in AECOPD, and the REDUCE trial demonstrated noninferiority of a 5-day treatment course with prednisone compared with 14 days therapy regarding clinical outcome over 6 months of follow-up. Unexpectedly, we found an inverse correlation between circulating cortisol levels and exacerbation risk during a 6-month follow-up period...
June 21, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630565/efficacy-of-various-scoring-systems-for-predicting-the-28-day-survival-rate-among-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-requiring-emergency-intensive-care
#11
Zhihong Feng, Tao Wang, Ping Liu, Sipeng Chen, Han Xiao, Ning Xia, Zhiming Luo, Bing Wei, Xiuhong Nie
We aimed to investigate the efficacy of four severity-of-disease scoring systems in predicting the 28-day survival rate among patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) requiring emergency care. Clinical data of patients with AECOPD who required emergency care were recorded over 2 years. APACHE II, SAPS II, SOFA, and MEDS scores were calculated from severity-of-disease indicators recorded at admission and compared between patients who died within 28 days of admission (death group; 46 patients) and those who did not (survival group; 336 patients)...
2017: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628139/-effect-of-particulate-air-pollution-on-hospital-admissions-for-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-in-beijing
#12
Y Cao, H Liu, J Zhang, K W Huang, H Y Zhao, Y Yang, S Y Zhan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between particulate air pollution and hospital admissions for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) in Beijing, and to evaluate the differences of association among different subgroups. METHODS: Hospital admissions to intertiary hospitals for AECOPD from January 1, 2014, through December 31, 2015 were obtained from the electronic hospitalization summary reports (HSRs).We obtained the data on air pollution during the study period from the national air pollution monitoring system...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624883/heart-rate-recovery-after-6-min-walking-test-predicts-acute-exacerbation-in-copd
#13
Diego A Rodríguez, Eleni A Kortianou, Jennifer A Alison, Alejandro Casas, Santiago Giavedoni, Anael Barberan-Garcia, Ane Arbillaga, Jordi Vilaró, Elena Gimeno-Santos, Ioannis Vogiatzis, Roberto Rabinovich, Josep Roca
INTRODUCTION: Abnormalities of autonomic function have been reported in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Our objectives were to identify determinants of abnormal heart rate recovery at 1 min (HRR1) following completion of the 6-min walk test (6MWT) in COPD and to establish whether abnormal HRR1 predicts acute exacerbations (AECOPD). METHODS: Hundred one COPD patients (FEV1 (SD) 53 (19)  % predicted) were prospectively recruited in a multi-center study...
June 17, 2017: Lung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621246/association-between-admission-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Shaghayegh Rahimirad, Mohammad Reza Ghaffary, Mohammad Hossein Rahimirad, Farid Rashidi
Introduction: The prognostic significance of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), derived-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (d-NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) have been shown in many diseases. To the best of our knowledge, there is no published report evaluation of those parameters in acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). The aims of this study are to evaluate the parameters in predicting in-hospital mortality in patients with AECOPD...
March 2017: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615932/expanding-the-inspired-copd-outreach-program%C3%A2-to-the-emergency-department-a-feasibility-assessment
#15
Darcy Gillis, Jillian Demmons, Graeme Rocker
BACKGROUND: The Halifax-based INSPIRED COPD Outreach Program™ is a facility-to-community home-based novel clinical initiative that through improved care transitions, self-management, and engagement in advance care planning has demonstrated a significant (60%-80%) reduction in health care utilization with substantial cost aversion. By assessing the feasibility of expanding INSPIRED into the emergency department (ED) we anticipated extending reach and potential for positive impact of INSPIRED to those with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) who avoid hospital admission...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615309/the-frequent-and-underrecognised-co-occurrence-of-acute-exacerbated-copd-and-depression-warrants-screening-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Leopold Lecheler, Maximilian Richter, Daniel P Franzen, Silvana K Rampini, Marcus Cheetham, Josef Jenewein, Edouard Battegay, Albina Nowak
Patients with acute exacerbated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) and concurrent depression suffer significant psychological stress and decreased quality of life. The aim of this study was to collate data, guidelines and recommendations from publications on the screening and management of depressive mood disorders in patients hospitalised with AECOPD.We systematically searched four databases for publications reporting screening or management of depression in patients hospitalised for AECOPD. The identification of articles was based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement...
June 30, 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586150/analysis-of-viral-infection-and-biomarkers-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#17
Tiping Yin, Zhaoqin Zhu, Zhoufang Mei, Jingjing Feng, Wanju Zhang, Yanchao He, Jindong Shi, Ling Qian, Yi Liu, Qihui Huang, Yunwen Hu, Zhijun Jie
OBJECTIVE: To investigate viral infection in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD) in Shanghai, and to analyze the clinical characteristics and biomarkers in viral infection. METHODS: This study included all consecutive patients who were admitted for a diagnosis of AECOPD during June 2013 to May 2015. Thirty-one stable COPD patients and 31 healthy controls were also recruited. Oropharyngeal samples were assessed, PCR for respiratory viruses were performed...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578708/effects-of-neurally-adjusted-ventilatory-assist-on-air-distribution-and-dead-space-in-patients-with-acute-exacerbation-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#18
Qin Sun, Ling Liu, Chun Pan, Zhanqi Zhao, Jingyuan Xu, Airan Liu, Haibo Qiu
BACKGROUND: Neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) could improve patient-ventilator interaction; its effects on ventilation distribution and dead space are still unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of varying levels of assist during NAVA and pressure support ventilation (PSV) on ventilation distribution and dead space in patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). METHODS: Fifteen mechanically ventilated patients with AECOPD were included in the study...
June 2, 2017: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548632/diagnostic-and-prognostic-value-of-inflammatory-parameters-including-neopterin-in-the-setting-of-pneumonia-copd-and-acute-exacerbations
#19
Alex Pizzini, Fabian Lunger, Amra Sahanic, Nada Nemati, Dietmar Fuchs, Günter Weiss, Katharina Kurz, Rosa Bellmann-Weiler
Acute exacerbations and community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) are severe complications in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In this study, we analyzed inflammatory parameters in serum including C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), and serum neopterin (NPT) to determine their potential to differentiate between patients with CAP+COPD and with acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) without pneumonia. 102 (39 women and 63 men) patients were included in this retrospective study, of whom 48 presented with CAP without underlying COPD, 20 with CAP+COPD and 34 with AECOPD...
June 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539692/results-of-physiotherapy-treatments-in-exacerbations-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-systematic-review
#20
Irene Torres-Sánchez, Roberto Cruz-Ramírez, Irene Cabrera-Martos, Ana Díaz-Pelegrina, Marie Carmen Valenza
Purpose: The objective of this study was to review clinical trials of the effectiveness of physiotherapy compared with standard care, focused mainly on the functional status of patients hospitalized for acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). Methods: Search strategies were developed for each of the databases (PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science). The study eligibility criteria were as follows: (1) The objective was to assess the effect and efficacy of physiotherapy compared with standard care (which included only medical and pharmacological treatment); (2) adults subjects had AECOPD; (3) one of the outcome measures was functional status, defined as an individual's ability to perform the normal daily activities required to meet basic needs, fulfill usual roles, and maintain health and well-being; (4) it was a clinical trial; (5) it was written in English; (6) it was published between January 2009 and February 2016; and (7) the full-text article was available...
2017: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
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