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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684822/sexual-dysfunction-among-nigerian-women-with-epilepsy
#1
Luqman Ogunjimi, Joseph Yaria, Akintomiwa Makanjuola, Adesola Ogunniyi
OBJECTIVES: Sexual dysfunction (SD) has been shown to be more prevalent among females with epilepsy (FWE) when compared with controls. Identified risk factors for SD among FWE include depression, antiepileptic drug (AED) type, epileptic lateralization, and temporal lobe involvement. Despite a huge population of FWE in sub-Saharan Africa and by extension Nigeria, there are limited studies on the effect of AEDs and epilepsy on sexual function among FWE in the region. We therefore studied predictors and patterns of SD among Nigerian FWE...
April 20, 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684199/patterns-of-ses-health-disparities-among-older-adults-in-three-upper-middle-and-two-high-income-countries
#2
Mary McEniry, Rafael Samper-Ternent, Carmen Elisa Flórez, Renata Pardo, Carlos Cano-Gutierrez
Objectives: To examine the socioeconomic status (SES) health gradient for obesity, diabetes, and hypertension within a diverse group of health outcomes and behaviors among older adults (60+) in upper middle-income countries benchmarked with high-income countries. Method : We used data from three upper middle-income settings (Colombia-SABE-Bogotá, Mexico-SAGE, and South Africa-SAGE) and two high-income countries (England-ELSA and US-HRS) to estimate logistic regression models using age, gender, and education to predict health and health behaviors...
April 19, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684054/-i-was-referred-from-the-other-side-gender-and-hiv-testing-among-older-south-africans-living-with-hiv
#3
Enid Schatz, Lucia Knight
South Africa has a Universal Test and Treat (UTT) policy in place to ensure that everyone tests for HIV and can access treatment if they test positive. The aim of this study is to document the pathways that older South Africans who are living with HIV take to access testing and treatment in this context. Despite the aging of the HIV epidemic in South Africa and clear evidence that testing older persons (over age 50) is necessary, very little is known about the circumstances under which older persons test for HIV or their motivations for doing so...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683129/aod-distributions-and-trends-of-major-aerosol-species-over-a-selection-of-the-world-s-most-populated-cities-based-on-the-1st-version-of-nasa-s-merra-aerosol-reanalysis
#4
Simon Provençal, Pavel Kishcha, Arlindo M da Silva, Emily Elhacham, Pinhas Alpert
NASA recently extended the Modern-Era Retrospective Analysis for Research and Application (MERRA) with an atmospheric aerosol reanalysis which includes five particulate species: sulfate, organic matter, black carbon, mineral dust and sea salt. The MERRA Aerosol Reanalysis (MERRAero) is an innovative tool to study air quality issues around the world for its global and constant coverage and its distinction of aerosol speciation expressed in the form of aerosol optical depth (AOD). The purpose of this manuscript is to apply MERRAero to the study of urban air pollution at the global scale by analyzing the AOD over a period of 13 years (2003-2015) and over a selection of 200 of the world's most populated cities in order to assess the impacts of urbanization, industrialization, air quality regulations and regional transport which affect urban aerosol load...
June 2017: Urban Clim
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682302/impact-of-an-educational-video-as-a-consent-tool-on-knowledge-about-cure-research-among-patients-and-caregivers-at-hiv-clinics-in-south-africa
#5
EDITORIAL
Melany Hendricks, Gonasagrie Nair, Ciara Staunton, Michael Pather, Nigel Garrett, Dianno Baadjies, Martin Kidd, Keymanthri Moodley
Background: Despite increasing access to antiretroviral therapy in low- and middle-income countries, only 54% of eligible individuals were receiving treatment in Africa by 2015. Recent developments in HIV cure research have been encouraging. However, the complex science and procedures of cure research render the informed consent process challenging. Objective: This study evaluates the impact of a video tool on educating participants about HIV cure. Methods: A questionnaire assessing the content of the video was administered to adults recruited from two clinics in South Africa...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682301/ethical-challenges-in-developing-an-educational-video-to-empower-potential-participants-during-consent-processes-in-hiv-cure-research-in-south-africa
#6
EDITORIAL
Ciara Staunton, Malcolm de Roubaix, Dianno Baatjies, Gill Black, Melany Hendricks, Theresa Rossouw, Keymanthri Moodley
Obtaining consent for HIV research is complex, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Low levels of education, complexity of science and research processes, confusion about basic elements of research, and socio-economic conditions that make access to medical care difficult have collectively led to concerns about the adequacy of the consent process. Given the exponential growth of HIV prevention and treatment research in South Africa, HIV researchers are increasingly facing challenges obtaining authentic informed consent from potential participants...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682299/the-impact-of-hiv-prevalence-conflict-corruption-and-gdp-capita-on-treatment-cascades-data-from-137-countries
#7
EDITORIAL
Jacob Levi, Anton Pozniak, Katherine Heath, Andrew Hill
Objective: In 2014, UNAIDS and partners set the 90-90-90 targets for the HIV treatment cascade. Multiple social, political and structural factors might influence progress towards these targets. We assessed how close countries and regions are to reaching these targets, and compared cascade outcomes with HIV prevalence, gross domestic product (GDP)/capita, conflict and corruption. Methods: Country-level HIV cascade data on diagnosis, ART coverage and viral suppression, from 2010 to 2016 were extracted from national reports, published papers and the www...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681671/-cladosporium-species-in-indoor-environments
#8
K Bensch, J Z Groenewald, M Meijer, J Dijksterhuis, Ž Jurjević, B Andersen, J Houbraken, P W Crous, R A Samson
As part of a worldwide survey of the indoor mycobiota about 520 new Cladosporium isolates from indoor environments mainly collected in China, Europe, New Zealand, North America and South Africa were investigated by using a polyphasic approach to determine their species identity. All Cladosporium species occurring in indoor environments are fully described and illustrated. Fourty-six Cladosporium species are treated of which 16 species are introduced as new. A key for the most common Cladosporium species isolated from indoor environments is provided...
March 2018: Studies in Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680801/cross-sectional-relationship-between-haemoglobin-concentration-and-measures-of-physical-and-cognitive-function-in-an-older-rural-south-african-population
#9
Collin F Payne, Justine I Davies, F Xavier Gomez-Olive, Katherine J Hands, Kathleen Kahn, Lindsay C Kobayashi, Brent Tipping, Stephen M Tollman, Alisha Wade, Miles D Witham
BACKGROUND: Age cohort differences in haemoglobin concentrations and associations with physical and cognitive performance among populations of lower income and middle-income countries have not previously been described. We examined the association between these factors among older men and women in rural South Africa. METHODS: We analysed cross-sectional data from a population-based study of rural South African men and women aged 40 and over (n=4499), with data drawn from questionnaire responses, a cognitive battery, objective physical function tests and blood tests...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680757/applying-the-global-rcp-ssp-spa-scenario-framework-at-sub-national-scale-a-multi-scale-and-participatory-scenario-approach
#10
Abiy S Kebede, Robert J Nicholls, Andrew Allan, Iñaki Arto, Ignacio Cazcarro, Jose A Fernandes, Chris T Hill, Craig W Hutton, Susan Kay, Attila N Lázár, Ian Macadam, Matthew Palmer, Natalie Suckall, Emma L Tompkins, Katharine Vincent, Paul W Whitehead
To better anticipate potential impacts of climate change, diverse information about the future is required, including climate, society and economy, and adaptation and mitigation. To address this need, a global RCP (Representative Concentration Pathways), SSP (Shared Socio-economic Pathways), and SPA (Shared climate Policy Assumptions) (RCP-SSP-SPA) scenario framework has been developed by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (IPCC-AR5). Application of this full global framework at sub-national scales introduces two key challenges: added complexity in capturing the multiple dimensions of change, and issues of scale...
April 19, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680537/arsenic-and-five-metal-concentrations-in-the-muscle-tissue-of-bigeye-tuna-thunnus-obesus-in-the-atlantic-and-indian-oceans
#11
C-Y Chen, Y-T Chen, K-S Chen, C-C Hsu, L-L Liu, H-S Chen, M-H Chen
White muscle concentrations of As, Cd, Cu, Fe, Se, and Zn were investigated in Atlantic- and Indian-bigeye tuna (BET) (Thunnus obesus) from 6 regions. As and Cd muscle concentrations were significantly higher in the Indian-BET than in the Atlantic-BET, whereas the Indian-BET caught in the waters off South Africa revealed the highest As, Se, and Zn muscle concentrations. Accordingly, multidimensional scaling separated them into two oceanic groups. Positive linear relationships between muscle Cd concentration and fork length (FL) were established in both oceans...
April 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680507/phylodynamics-of-merkel-cell-polyomavirus-and-human-polyomavirus-6-a-long-term-history-with-humans
#12
Carolina Torres, Melina Elizabeth Barrios, Robertina Viviana Cammarata, Matías Victoria, Xavier Fernandez-Cassi, Silvia Bofill-Mas, Rodney Colina, María Dolores Blanco Fernández, Viviana Andrea Mbayed
New human polyomaviruses have been described in the last years, including the Merkel-cell polyomavirus (MCPyV; Human polyomavirus 5) and the Human polyomavirus 6 (HPyV6). Although their infection is usually asymptomatic, in immunocompromised host can cause life-threatening pathologies, such as the Merkel cell carcinoma, an aggressive skin neoplasia associated to the MCPyV. Despite being prevalent viruses in population, epidemiological data from South America are scarce, as well as the characterization of the viral types circulating and their origin...
April 19, 2018: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679769/infection-status-and-risk-factors-associated-with-urinary-schistosomiasis-among-school-going-children-in-the-ndumo-area-of-umkhanyakude-district-in-kwazulu-natal-south-africa-two-years-post-treatment
#13
Muhubiri Kabuyaya, Moses John Chimbari, Samson Mukaratirwa
OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy of praziquantel of infected children with Schistosoma haematobium over a 2year period in the Ndumo area of uMkhanyakude district, South Africa. METHODS: This cohort study enrolled 173 school-going children in September 2017 that participated in a baseline survey conducted in 2015 in the Ndumo area. Questionnaire interviews were conducted to collect information on the risk factors related to transmission of schistosomiasis and filtration technique was performed to detect Schistosoma haematobium eggs in urine...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679156/phthalates-removal-efficiency-in-different-wastewater-treatment-technology-in-the-eastern-cape-south-africa
#14
Taofeek Salaudeen, Omobola Okoh, Foluso Agunbiade, Anthony Okoh
The removal capacity of different wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) technologies adopted in rural areas for phthalate was investigated in the Eastern Cape, South Africa. Wastewater samples collected from three selected WWTPs which use activated sludge (AS), trickling filter (TF), and oxidation pond (OP) technology were extracted using the solid-phase extraction method followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis. The six selected phthalate esters (PAEs) dimethyl phthalate (DMP), diethyl phthalate (DEP), di-n-butyl phthalate (DBP), benzyl butyl phthalate (BBP), di(2-ethyl hexyl) phthalate (DEHP), and di-n-octyl phthalate (DOP) were detected in all the samples collected from the WWTPs...
April 20, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677085/surgical-antimicrobial-prophylaxis-among-pediatric-patients-in-south-africa-comparing-two-healthcare-settings
#15
Nicolene van der Sandt, Natalie Schellack, Lindi A Mabope, Mothahadini Pb Mawela, Danie Kruger, Brian Godman
BACKGROUND: Appropriate use of surgical antimicrobial prophylaxis (SAP) is a concern in view of its impact on morbidity, mortality and costs. Little is currently known about SAP in South Africa. OBJECTIVE: Assess compliance to SAP guidelines for pediatric patients undergoing surgery in one of four surgical sub-specialties among hospitals in South Africa. METHODS: Eight month retrospective chart review in both a teaching hospital and a private hospital between February and August 2015...
April 19, 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676761/estrogenic-activity-selected-plasticizers-and-potential-health-risks-associated-with-bottled-water-in-south-africa
#16
Natalie H Aneck-Hahn, Magdalena C Van Zijl, Pieter Swart, Barry Truebody, Bettina Genthe, Jessica Charmier, Christiaan De Jager
Potential endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) are present in bottled water from various countries. In South Africa (SA), increased bottled water consumption and concomitant increases in plastic packaging create important consequences for public health. This study aimed to screen SA bottled water for estrogenic activity, selected target chemicals and assessing potential health risks. Ten bottled water brands were exposed to 20 °C and 40 °C over 10 days. Estrogenic activity was assessed using the recombinant yeast estrogen screen (YES) and the T47D-KBluc reporter gene assay...
April 2018: Journal of Water and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676263/south-africa-sliding-backwards
#17
EDITORIAL
The Lancet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 14, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675915/monthly-population-density-and-structure-patterns-of-an-endangered-seahorse-hippocampus-capensis-a-comparison-between-natural-and-artificial-habitats
#18
L Claassens, A N Hodgson
This study investigated aspects of the population ecology of the endangered Knysna seahorse Hippocampus capensis within different habitat types. High densities of H. capensis were found within artificial Reno mattress habitat, within the Knysna Estuary, South Africa. Monthly surveys at three sites were conducted from October 2015 to August 2016 to compare population densities of H. capensis in this artificial habitat with natural eel grass Zostera capensis habitat. Hippocampus capensis densities varied significantly across all sites and highest population densities were consistently observed within the Reno mattress habitat...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675136/molecular-technique-reveals-high-variability-of-18s-rdna-distribution-in-harvestmen-opiliones-phalangiidae-from-south-africa
#19
František Šťáhlavský, Vera Opatova, Pavel Just, Leon N Lotz, Charles R Haddad
The knowledge of cytogenetics in the harvestmen family Phalangiidae has been based on taxa from the Northern Hemisphere. We performed cytogenetic analysis on Guruia africana (Karsch, 1878) (2n=24) and four species of the genus Rhampsinitus Simon, 1879 (2n=24, 26, 34) from South Africa. Fluorescence in situ hybridization with an 18S rDNA probe was used to analyze the number and the distribution of this cluster in the family Phalangiidae for the first time. The results support the cytogenetic characteristics typical for the majority of harvestmen taxa, i...
2018: Comparative Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674900/mantophasmatodea-from-the-richtersveld-in-south-africa-with-description-of-two-new-genera-and-species
#20
Benjamin Wipfler, Tobias Theska, Reinhard Predel
Two new species and two new genera ( Kuboesphasma , Minutophasma ) of Mantophasmatodea that occur in the Richtersveld region of South Africa are described. Kuboesphasma compactum gen. n., sp. n. was found only in a small area near the village of Kuboes, while Minutophasma richtersveldense gen. n., sp. n. apparently inhabits a larger area in the Richtersveld. With these two new species, a total of four different mantophasmatodeans are known to live in this area. This is a remarkable exception to the remaining representatives of this order, where even a common occurrence of only two species is rare...
2018: ZooKeys
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