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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28060817/high-levels-of-post-abortion-complication-in-a-setting-where-abortion-service-is-not-legalized
#1
Tadele Melese, Dereje Habte, Billy M Tsima, Keitshokile Dintle Mogobe, Kesegofetse Chabaesele, Goabaone Rankgoane, Tshiamo R Keakabetse, Mabole Masweu, Mosidi Mokotedi, Mpho Motana, Badani Moreri-Ntshabele
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality due to abortion complications stands among the three leading causes of maternal death in Botswana where there is a restrictive abortion law. This study aimed at assessing the patterns and determinants of post-abortion complications. METHODS: A retrospective institution based cross-sectional study was conducted at four hospitals from January to August 2014. Data were extracted from patients' records with regards to their socio-demographic variables, abortion complications and length of hospital stay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051898/high-proportion-of-deaths-attributable-to-hiv-among-postpartum-women-in-botswana-despite-widespread-uptake-of-antiretroviral-therapy
#2
Rebecca Marie Zash, Sajini Souda, Jean Leidner, Kelebogile Binda, Chazha Hick, Kathleen Powis, Joseph Makhema, Mompati Mmalane, Max Essex, Shahin Lockman, Roger L Shapiro
Mortality in the postpartum period may be impacted by antiretroviral therapy (ART) received in pregnancy, and whether ART is continued in the postpartum period. HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected mothers were enrolled within 48 h of delivery at five public hospital maternity wards throughout Botswana and followed for 24 months. Maternal deaths were reported by one of the approved contacts given by the mother at enrollment. Detailed information on the cause of death was not available. Risk factors for 24-month mortality were assessed using Cox proportional hazard models...
January 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047638/su-f-p-09-a-global-medical-physics-collaboration-for-implementation-of-modern-radiotherapy-in-botswana
#3
R Makufa, M Bvochora-Nsingo, T Karumekayi, R J Schneider, J A Efstathiou, S Dryden-Peterson, A Odom, A Shulman, Y Pipman, D P Gierga
PURPOSE: The global burden of cancer is considerable, particularly in low and middle-income countries. Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Botswana-Harvard AIDS Institute have partnered with the oncology community and government of Botswana to form BOTSOGO (BOTSwana Oncology Global Outreach) to address the rising burden of cancer in Botswana. Currently, radiation therapy (RT) is only available at a single linear accelerator (LINAC) in Gaborone Private Hospital (GPH). BOTSOGO worked to limit the absence of RT during a LINAC upgrade and ensure a safe transition to modern radiotherapy techniques...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038332/evidence-based-practice-translated-through-global-nurse-partnerships
#4
EDITORIAL
Sara Holland, Mmule Magama
This paper highlights the impact of translating evidence into practice between two nursing leaders, one from the United States and one from Botswana, Africa to strengthen global nurse partnerships, and to propose a plan to enhance nursing knowledge and skills. One of the challenges nurses face in under-resourced countries is the ability to collaborate with nurses who have access to professional development, evidence based practice, and nursing education resources.
December 23, 2016: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018673/caregivers-lack-of-disclosure-skills-delays-disclosure-to-children-with-perinatal-hiv-in-resource-limited-communities-multicenter-qualitative-data-from-south-africa-and-botswana
#5
Sphiwe Madiba
To promote the appropriate implementation of procedures for health disclosure to children, it is important to understand the reasons why caregivers delay the disclosure of healthcare information to children. This paper explored the views of caregivers on what makes disclosure to children with perinatal acquired HIV (PAH) difficult and what could make disclosure in these cases easier. Data were collected using focus group interviews with caregivers who were purposely selected from a multicenter study conducted in Botswana and South Africa...
2016: Nursing Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005550/analysing-the-stewardship-function-in-botswana-s-health-system-reflecting-on-the-past-looking-to-the-future
#6
Onalenna Seitio-Kgokgwe, Robin Dc Gauld, Philip C Hill, Pauline Barnett
BACKGROUND: In many parts of the world, ongoing deficiencies in health systems compromise the delivery of health interventions. The World Health Organization (WHO) identified four functions that health systems need to perform to achieve their goals: Efforts to strengthen health systems focus on the way these functions are carried out. While a number of studies on health systems functions have been conducted, the stewardship function has received limited attention. In this article, we evaluate the extent to which the Botswana Ministry of Health (MoH) undertook its stewardship role...
June 6, 2016: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940479/prevalence-and-correlates-of-self-reported-chronic-non-communicable-diseases-in-botswana-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Gobopamang Letamo, Mpho Keetile, Kannan Navaneetham, Mpho Phatsimo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to estimate the prevalence of self-reported chronic non-communicable diseases and their correlates in Botswana. This is a nationally representative, cross-sectional survey. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of respondents aged 10-64 years using data from the Botswana AIDS Impact Survey IV conducted in 2013. Three self-reported non-communicable diseases, namely, hypertension, diabetes and asthma were used. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify their correlates...
December 9, 2016: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27939493/hypertensive-disease-in-pregnancy-in-botswana-prevalence-and-impact-on-perinatal-outcomes
#8
Katherine M Johnson, Rebecca Zash, Miriam J Haviland, Michele R Hacker, Rebecca Luckett, Modiegi Diseko, Gloria Mayondi, Roger Shapiro
OBJECTIVES: Perinatal morbidity in sub-Saharan Africa has been attributed to infection, obstetric emergencies, and preterm birth, but less is known about hypertension in pregnancy. Our objective was to characterize the prevalence of hypertension in pregnancy and the impact of hypertension on perinatal outcomes in sub-Saharan Africa. STUDY DESIGN: We performed surveillance of obstetric records at eight of the largest public hospitals in Botswana. Women were included in this analysis if they were HIV-uninfected and had singleton gestations and at least one prenatal blood pressure measurement...
October 2016: Pregnancy Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923385/field-effectiveness-of-microbial-larvicides-on-mosquito-larvae-in-malaria-areas-of-botswana-and-zimbabwe
#9
Mulamuli Mpofu, Piet Becker, Kaka Mudambo, Christiaan de Jager
BACKGROUND: The successful control of malaria vectors requires the control of both the larval and adult stages. The adult control methods through indoor residual spraying (IRS) and use of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) continue to be widely used with some high measure of success. Larval control methods are also being used by a number of National Malaria Control Programmes (NMCPs) with limited understanding of its contribution. Larval control might be needed in some areas to move from malaria control to elimination...
December 6, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919654/american-brachytherapy-society-brachytherapy-treatment-recommendations-for-locally-advanced-cervix-cancer-for-low-income-and%C3%A2-middle-income-countries
#10
Gita Suneja, Derek Brown, Amy Chang, Beth Erickson, Elena Fidarova, Surbhi Grover, Umesh Mahantshetty, Subir Nag, Kailash Narayan, Memory Bvochora-Nsingo, Celia Viegas, Akila N Viswanathan, Ming Yin Lin, David Gaffney
PURPOSE: Most cervix cancer cases occur in low-income and middle-income countries (LMIC), and outcomes are suboptimal, even for early stage disease. Brachytherapy plays a central role in the treatment paradigm, improving both local control and overall survival. The American Brachytherapy Society (ABS) aims to provide guidelines for brachytherapy delivery in resource-limited settings. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A panel of clinicians and physicists with expertise in brachytherapy administration in LMIC was convened...
December 2, 2016: Brachytherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917215/prevalence-of-asthma-among-school-children-in-gaborone-botswana
#11
Andrew Kiboneka, Michael Levin, Thembisile Mosalakatane, Ishmael Makone, Eric Wobudeya, Boikanyo Makubate, Russell Hopp, Loeto Mazhani, Shiang-Ju Kung
BACKGROUND: Asthma prevalence is high (>10%) in developed countries and although data is still missing for most of Africa, rates are increasing in developing regions as they become more westernized. We investigated the prevalence of asthma in school children in Gaborone, Botswana. METHODS: This was a cross sectional descriptive study. ISAAC methodology was used. A representative proportionate size random sample of two age groups of children (13-14 year olds and 6-7 year olds) was consecutively enrolled from 10 schools...
September 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913453/movement-patterns-of-cheetahs-acinonyx-jubatus-in-farmlands-in-botswana
#12
L K Van der Weyde, T Y Hubel, J Horgan, J Shotton, R McKenna, A M Wilson
Botswana has the second highest population of cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus) with most living outside protected areas. As a result, many cheetahs are found in farming areas, bringing them into conflict with people. This study aimed to look at movement patterns of cheetahs in farming environments to determine whether cheetahs have adapted their movements in these human-dominated landscapes. We fitted high-time resolution GPS collars to cheetahs in the Ghanzi farmlands of Botswana. GPS locations were used to calculate home range sizes as well as number and duration of visits to landscape features using a time-based local convex hull method...
December 2, 2016: Biology Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893822/deciphering-multiplicity-of-hiv-1c-infection-transmission-of-closely-related-multiple-viral-lineages
#13
Vlad Novitsky, Sikhulile Moyo, Rui Wang, Simani Gaseitsiwe, M Essex
BACKGROUND: A single viral variant is transmitted in the majority of HIV infections. However, about 20% of heterosexually transmitted HIV infections are caused by multiple viral variants. Detection of transmitted HIV variants is not trivial, as it involves analysis of multiple viral sequences representing intra-host HIV-1 quasispecies. METHODOLOGY: We distinguish two types of multiple virus transmission in HIV infection: (1) HIV transmission from the same source, and (2) transmission from different sources...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888968/predictors-of-depression-among-seropositive-batswana-men-and-women-a-descriptive-correlational-study
#14
Christopher Lance Coleman
The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to describe predictors of depressive symptoms among N=70 seropositive Botswana men and women residing in Gaborne, Botswana. A demographic questionnaire, the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, (CESD-D), and the SF-36 [Quality of life] were administered. The questionnaires were translated and back translated in Setswana and administered by Batswana men and women. The results of the regression analyses resulted in two calculated models. In the first Model energy/fatigue explained 46% of the variance in depressive symptoms (P=...
December 2016: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876649/memories-of-environmental-change-and-local-adaptations-among-molapo-farming-communities-in-the-okavango-delta-botswana-a-gender-perspective
#15
B N Ngwenya, O T Thakadu, L Magole, M J Chimbari
This paper focuses on ways in which three riparian communities (Xobe, Shorobe and Tubu) practising flood recession (molapo) farming along the fringes of the Okavango Delta in Ngamiland District in north-western Botswana, present memories of experiential impacts of and adaptation to key environmental and anthropogenic change events. Participatory methodological tools were used to capture local knowledge of people who had resided in the Okavango wetlands for many years. Findings indicate that key environmental change events were characterized by intergenerational experiences of severe and frequent droughts, floods, and recurrent outbreaks of human and animal disease...
November 19, 2016: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869604/molecular-spatial-and-field-epidemiology-suggesting-tb-transmission-in-community-not-hospital-gaborone-botswana
#16
Diya Surie, Othusitse Fane, Alyssa Finlay, Matsiri Ogopotse, James L Tobias, Eleanor S Click, Chawangwa Modongo, Nicola M Zetola, Patrick K Moonan, John E Oeltmann
During 2012-2015, 10 of 24 patients infected with matching genotypes of Mycobacterium tuberculosis received care at the same hospital in Gaborone, Botswana. Nosocomial transmission was initially suspected, but we discovered plausible sites of community transmission for 20 (95%) of 21 interviewed patients. Active case-finding at these sites could halt ongoing transmission.
March 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866372/input-behaviour-and-distribution-of-multiple-elements-in-abiotic-matrices-along-a-transect-within-the-okavango-delta-northern-botswana
#17
Jörg Schaller, Jonas Schoelynck, Mike Murray-Hudson, Patrick J Frings, Dimitri van Pelt, Tilo Hegewald, Keotshephile Mosimane, Mangaliso Gondwe, Piotr Wolski, Patrick Meire, Eric Struyf
Wetlands fed by rivers can be a sink for elements depending on elemental concentrations, wetland hydrology, geochemistry, vegetation and climate. In the case of the Okavango Delta, northern Botswana, the outflow discharge is a small fraction (2-5%) of the inflow. This has strong potential consequences for the Delta, as it strongly affects element cycling and storage within the Delta. We estimated the inputs, behaviour and distribution of multiple elements along a longitudinal transect within the Okavango Delta, to show potential effects of retention mechanisms of different elements...
December 2016: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27850022/382-knowledge-accrual-after-a-pediatric-fundamental-critical-care-support-course-in-botswana
#18
Natasha Afonso, Megan Cox, Dave Kloeck, Loeto Mazhani, Tlamelo Daman, Mohan Mysore, Kevin Roy, Peter Meaney
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844043/geostatistical-analysis-of-trace-elements-pxrf-dataset-of-near-surface-semi-arid-soils-from-central-botswana
#19
Peter N Eze, Valiant S Mosokomani, Theophilus K Udeigwe, Opeoluwa F Oyedele, Adeniyi F Fagbamigbe
Geospatial dataset of trace elements including manganese (Mn), iron (Fe), titanium (Ti), rubidium (Rb), strontium (Sr), thorium (Th), Vanadium (V) and Zirconium (Zr) of near-surface soils in a Cu-Ni prospecting field at Airstrip North, Central Botswana were statistically analysed. Grid sampling method was used in the field data collection. The relatively new portable X-ray fluorescence spectrometer (Delta Premium, 510890, USA) technology in a "soil" mode was used to measure the concentrations of trace elements in the soils...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843487/invasive-cervical-cancers-in-the-united-states-botswana-and-kenya-hpv-type-distribution-and-health-policy-implications
#20
Aaron Ermel, Brahim Qadadri, Yan Tong, Omenge Orang'o, Benson Macharia, Doreen Ramogola-Masire, Nicola M Zetola, Darron R Brown
BACKGROUND: More deaths occur in African women from invasive cervical cancer (ICC) than from any other malignancy. ICC is caused by infection with oncogenic types of human papillomavirus (HPV). Co-infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) accelerates the natural history of ICC, and may influence the HPV type distribution. Because HPV vaccines are available, this malignancy is theoretically preventable, but the vaccines are largely type-specific in protection against infection...
2016: Infectious Agents and Cancer
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