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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435825/assessment-of-the-efficiency-of-hospitals-before-and-after-the-implementation-of-health-sector-evolution-plan-in-iran-based-on-pabon-lasso-model
#1
Ghobad Moradi, Bakhtiar Piroozi, Hossein Safari, Nader Esmail Nasab, Amjad Mohamadi Bolbanabad, Arezoo Yari
BACKGROUND: Pabon Lasso model was applied to assess the relative performance of hospitals affiliated to Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences (KUMS) before and after the implementation of Health Sector Evolution Plan (HSEP) in Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out in 11 public hospitals affiliated to KUMS in 2015. Twelve months before and after the implementation of the first phase of HSEP, a checklist was used to collect data from computerized databases within the hospitals' admission and discharge units...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435812/scientometrics-on-public-health-research-in-iran-increase-of-area-studies-despite-embargoes-a-review-article
#2
REVIEW
Brice Poreau
BACKGROUND: Due to embargoes and sanctions from 1979 until 2015, impact on scientific research in Iran may be critical. Public health is the main example of this burning point. In this paper, the aim was to map the scientific research in public health in Iran until 2014 with area studies as well as networks of countries involved. METHODS: We used bibliographic analyses using VOS viewer software for network analysis during the period 1975-2014. Two databases were used: Web of Science and PubMed...
March 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431005/occupational-asthma-caused-by-acrylic-compounds-from-shield-surveillance-1989-2014
#3
G I Walters, A S Robertson, V C Moore, P S Burge
Background: Acrylic monomers (acrylates), methacrylates and cyanoacrylates all cause asthma by respiratory sensitization. Occupational inhalation exposures occur across a variety of industries including health care and dental work, beauty, laboratory science, assembly and plastic moulding. Aims: To examine notifications of occupational asthma caused by acrylic compounds from a UK-based regional surveillance scheme, in order to highlight prevalent exposures and trends in presentation...
April 20, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420925/effect-of-smoking-on-hearing-loss-in-refractory-s-factory-male-worker-with-occupational-noise-exposure-in-iran
#4
Mohammadreza Mofateh, Qasim Karimi, Mohammad Hamed Hosseini, Gholam Reza Sharif-Zadeh
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of smoking on hearing loss in factory workers with occupational noise exposure. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran, from May to July 2013, and comprised smoking and non-smoking factory male workers. All of them were exposed to occupational noise level more than 85 decibels for at least 10 years. All participants underwent audiometric testing. SPSS 15 was used for data analysis...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409768/woman-to-woman-rape-and-sexual-assault-and-its-impact-upon-the-occupation-of-work-victim-survivors-life-roles-of-worker-or-student-as-disruptive-and-preservative
#5
Rebecca Twinley
BACKGROUND: Woman-to-woman rape and sexual assault globally remains largely unknown and unaddressed. Expectedly, victim/survivors often cope alone, or with limited support, in the traumatic aftermath of their sexual victimisation. Work is one occupation that is impacted upon at this time. OBJECTIVE: The study explored the perceived impacts of woman-to-woman rape and sexual assault, the subsequent experience of disclosure, reaction, and support, and the consequences for victim/survivors' subjective experience of occupation...
April 12, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406370/farmers-have-hearts-the-prevalence-of-risk-factors-for-cardiovascular-disease-among-a-sub-group-of-irish-livestock-farmers
#6
Diana van Doorn, Noel Richardson, Aoife Osborne
OBJECTIVES: Despite international findings that farmers have better health outcomes than other occupation groups, Irish farmers are found to be a high risk group for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Early detection of CVD through preventive health measurements, such as screening of high risk groups, can contribute to a reduction of CVD cases. Farmers, however, represent a 'challenging' group in terms of engaging in preventive health behaviors. This study examined the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among male Irish livestock farmers who participated in heart screening as part of a workplace health intervention...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403014/occupational-exposures-and-genetic-susceptibility-to-urinary-tract-cancers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Jovana Stojanovic, Sonja Milovanovic, Roberta Pastorino, Ivo Iavicoli, Stefania Boccia
This study aims to summarize the current knowledge on the relationship between genetic polymorphisms, occupational exposures, and urinary tract cancers. We searched MEDLINE, ISI Web of science, and SCOPUS online databases for all articles published in English language up to September 2016. A meta-analysis was performed to provide summary estimates for the association between a certain genetic polymorphism, occupational exposure and bladder cancer (BC) or kidney cancer (KC), when appropriate. Fifteen studies on BC and six on KC were deemed eligible for the review...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399161/seroprevalence-of-severe-fever-with-thrombocytopenia-syndrome-virus-in-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Peng Li, Zhen-Dong Tong, Ke-Feng Li, An Tang, Ya-Xin Dai, Jian-Bo Yan
OBJECTIVE: Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is an emerging infectious disease caused by a novel bunyavirus-SFTSV. The seroprevalence of anti-SFTSV antibodies including immunoglobulin G (IgG) and immunoglobulin M (IgM), specific to SFTSV in the general population has been investigated in various epidemiological studies with inconsistent results. Here, we clarify this discrepancy and reach a more comprehensive result by mean of a meta-analysis. METHODS: All relevant articles were searched in the electronic databases (PubMed, Web of science, Embase, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database, Chinese Wanfang database) up to November 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387174/institutional-oversight-of-occupational-health-and-safety-for-research-programs-involving-biohazards
#9
Melissa C Dyson, Calvin B Carpenter, Lesley A Colby
Research with hazardous biologic materials (biohazards) is essential to the progress of medicine and science. The fieldof microbiology has rapidly advanced over the years, partially due to the development of new scientific methods such as recombinant DNA technology, synthetic biology, viral vectors, and the use of genetically modified animals. This research poses a potential risk to personnel as well as the public and the environment. Institutions must have appropriate oversight and take appropriate steps to mitigate the risks of working with these biologic hazards...
April 6, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382927/-occupational-exposure-to-psychosocial-factors-and-presence-of-musculoskeletal-disorders-in-nursing-staff-a-review-of-studies-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Antonio Ramón Ballester Arias, Ana María García
BACKGROUND: There is scientific evidence that psychosocial factors are significantly associated with discomfort and / or pain musculoskeletal complaints in nursing staff. The objective of the research was to analyze the association between occupational exposure to psychosocial factors at work and musculoskeletal damage in nursing staff. METHODS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of studies published up to 2015 in English, French, Italian, Portuguese or Spanish evaluating the association between musculoskeletal disorders and psychosocial factors in the work of nursing staff...
April 7, 2017: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382672/a-multidisciplinary-research-framework-on-green-schools-infrastructure-social-environment-occupant-health-and-performance
#11
Sheryl Magzamen, Adam P Mayer, Stephanie Barr, Lenora Bohren, Brian Dunbar, Dale Manning, Stephen J Reynolds, Joshua W Schaeffer, Jordan Suter, Jennifer E Cross
BACKGROUND: Sustainable school buildings hold much promise to reducing operating costs, improve occupant well-being and, ultimately, teacher and student performance. However, there is a scarcity of evidence on the effects of sustainable school buildings on health and performance indicators. We sought to create a framework for a multidisciplinary research agenda that links school facilities, health, and educational outcomes. METHODS: We conducted a nonsystematic review of peer review publications, government documents, organizational documents, and school climate measurement instruments...
May 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376827/lead-exposure-at-firing-ranges-a-review
#12
REVIEW
Mark A S Laidlaw, Gabriel Filippelli, Howard Mielke, Brian Gulson, Andrew S Ball
BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb) is a toxic substance with well-known, multiple, long-term, adverse health outcomes. Shooting guns at firing ranges is an occupational necessity for security personnel, police officers, members of the military, and increasingly a recreational activity by the public. In the United States alone, an estimated 16,000-18,000 firing ranges exist. Discharge of Pb dust and gases is a consequence of shooting guns. METHODS: The objectives of this study are to review the literature on blood lead levels (BLLs) and potential adverse health effects associated with the shooting population...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375111/gender-and-occupation-wise-knowledge-awareness-and-prevention-of-tuberculosis-among-people-of-district-muzaffarabad-aj-k
#13
Atif Abbasi, Muhammad Rafique, Amir Saghir, Kamran Abbas, Shabnum Shaheen, Farooq Abdullah
To assess the awareness about the spread and control of tuberculosis as well as to investigate the gender and occupation wise differences among people regarding knowledge and attitude towards tuberculosis in the State of AJ & K. A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in district Muzaffarabad and a sample of 4000 respondents was selected by using stratified random sampling technique. The stratification was done with respect to gender and occupation. The occupation wise classification includes households, labors, and shop keepers, government employers, under graduate students of social and natural sciences, medical students and doctors...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366956/study-of-arsenic-exposure-in-oral-oropharyngeal-carcinoma-in-west-bengal
#14
Pritha Pal, Ranjan Raychowdhury, Tuphan Kanti Dolai, Sanchita Roy, Rinini Dastidar, Ajanta Halder
OBJECTIVES: To study any possible correlation between arsenic toxicity and the development of oral carcinoma in West Bengal population. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Ethical clearance for this study was obtained from the Vivekananda Institute of Medical Sciences. Out of 30 785 patients attending our hospital from November 2012 to July 2015, 107 cases and 50 control individuals were selected. The hair and buccal smear samples were obtained upon their consent for the purpose of the analysis of arsenic count and cytogenetic damage, respectively...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366949/do-we-all-agree-on-how-to-measure-work-engagement-factorial-validity-of-utrecht-work-engagement-scale-as-a-standard-measurement-tool-a-literature-review
#15
REVIEW
Konrad Kulikowski
Work engagement as a predictor of health is an emerging concept in occupational science and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES) is the most popular work engagement measurement tool. However, despite its popularity, the UWES is not free from controversy concerning its factorial validity. In this paper, 21 research studies on both UWES-9 and UWES-17 factorial validity within the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) approach have been reviewed in order to answer the question as to which of the UWES factorial structures displays greater validity...
March 30, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364837/the-science-identity-and-entering-a-science-occupation
#16
Jan E Stets, Philip S Brenner, Peter J Burke, Richard T Serpe
The initiative to increase the number of students in STEM disciplines and train them for a science-related job is a current national focus. Using longitudinal panel data from a national study that followed underrepresented college students in STEM fields, we investigate the neglected role that social psychological processes play in influencing science activity among the young. We study the impact of identity processes related to being a science student on entering a science occupation. More broadly, we examine whether an identity formulated in one institutional setting (education) has effects that persist to another institutional setting (the economy)...
May 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362340/knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-about-the-prevention-of-mosquito-bites-and-zika-virus-disease-in-pregnant-women-in-greece
#17
Varvara A Mouchtouri, Dimitrios Papagiannis, Antonios Katsioulis, Georgios Rachiotis, Konstantinos Dafopoulos, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
A survey among 573 pregnant women in Greece was conducted through self-completion of a questionnaire in July 2016. Traveling abroad the last six months was declared by 10.5% and 13.0% of pregnant women and their male sex partners, respectively, while 77.4% (441/570) had heard about Zika virus disease (ZVD). A lack of knowledge about sexual transmission of ZVD was identified in 63.3% of pregnant women, and 24.1% of responders did not know the risks to the fetus and baby. Approximately 73% of responders believed that the mosquito bites can affect their fetus and baby and 18% did not take measures to prevent mosquito bites routinely...
March 31, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352117/berkson-error-adjustment-and-other-exposure-surrogates-in-occupational-case-control-studies-with-application-to-the-canadian-interocc-study
#18
Tamer Oraby, Siva Sivaganesan, Joseph D Bowman, Laurel Kincl, Lesley Richardson, Mary McBride, Jack Siemiatycki, Elisabeth Cardis, Daniel Krewski
Many epidemiological studies assessing the relationship between exposure and disease are carried out without data on individual exposures. When this barrier is encountered in occupational studies, the subject exposures are often evaluated with a job-exposure matrix (JEM), which consists of mean exposure for occupational categories measured on a comparable group of workers. One of the objectives of the seven-country case-control study of occupational exposure and brain cancer risk, INTEROCC, was to investigate the relationship of occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMF) in different frequency ranges and brain cancer risk...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344815/occupational-exposure-to-sharps-injury-among-healthcare-providers-in-ethiopia-regional-hospitals
#19
Nigussie Tadesse Sharew, Getaneh Baye Mulu, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Kefyalew Dagne Gizachew
BACKGROUND: Sharps injury is a penetrating stab wound from a needle, scalpel, or another sharp object that may result in exposure to blood or other body fluids. According to World Health Organization pooled estimate, the annual incidence of sharps injury in Africa was ranged from 2.10 to 4.68 per person per year, but research data in Ethiopia is limited. The aim of the study was to investigate sharps injury prevalence and associated risk factors. METHODS: Institution based cross-sectional study was conducted with 200 healthcare providers (HCP) in Northeast Ethiopia...
2017: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339975/the-pain-interprofessional-curriculum-design-model
#20
Judy Watt-Watson, Leila Lax, Robyn Davies, Sylvia Langlois, Jon Oskarsson, Lalitha Raman-Wilms
Objective.:  Although the University of Toronto Centre for the Study of Pain has successfully implemented an Interfaculty Pain Curriculum since 2002, we have never formalized the process in a design model. Therefore, our primary aim was to develop a model that provided an overview of dynamic, interrelated elements that have been important in our experience. A secondary purpose was to use the model to frame an interactive workshop for attendees interested in developing their own pain curricula...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
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