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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902453/environmental-and-occupational-exposure-to-cadmium-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#1
Leila Tavakkoli, Narges Khanjani
INTRODUCTION: Cadmium (Cd) is one of the heavy metals that have negative effects on human health. In Iran, there is no policy to regularly measure Cd in the general population. However, some studies have been performed on special groups and in different cities of Iran. This paper has reviewed these studies and human contamination levels in Iran. METHOD AND MATERIALS: All accessible electronic information resources such as Scientific Information Database (SID), Magiran, IranMedex, PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Google Scholar and Science Direct were searched, with relevant phrases and their Persian translations...
December 1, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894680/frequency-of-micronuclei-and-other-biomarkers-of-dna-damage-in-populations-exposed-to-dusts-asbestos-and-other-fibers-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Stefano Bonassi, Mirta Milić, Monica Neri
Airborne particles are small, solid particles projected into the air either by natural forces, or by mechanical or man-made processes, and include fibers and dusts. Their toxicity is usually subsequent to inhalation and can lead to pulmonary dysfunctions and diseases, including cancer. Cytochalasin B blocked micronucleus assay in lymphocytes (L-CBMN) has been shown as a sensitive and reliable technique in assessing genotoxic exposure, An extensive search of the PubMed and Web of Science databases allowed retrieval of 18 articles on occupational or environmental exposure evaluating L-CBMN in subjects exposed to fibers or dusts (asbestos, silica, rockwool, beryllium, tobacco, and wood)...
October 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894231/evidence-of-exposure-to-cytostatic-drugs-in-healthcare-staff-a-review-of-recent-literature
#3
Pablo Martín Lancharro, Nuria De Castro-Acuña Iglesias, Francisco-Javier González-Barcala, José Domingo Moure González
OBJECTIVE: Provide updated evidence and learn about the actions that must be implemented in order to prevent the occupational exposure to cytostatic drugs. METHOD: A bibliographic search was carried out on the MEDLINE, COCHRANE PLUS and WEB OF SCIENCE databases, with the terms "surface contamination", "cytostatic drug", "drug preparation", "occupational exposure", "safe handling" and "closed-system transfer device", within the 2010-2015 period. RESULTS: Thirteen articles were selected for review...
November 1, 2016: Farmacia Hospitalaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885160/how-unemployment-and-precarious-employment-affect-the-health-of-young-people-a-scoping-study-on-social-determinants
#4
REVIEW
Mihaela Vancea, Mireia Utzet
BACKGROUND: The impact of unemployment and precarious employment on the health of young people is not well understood. However, according to social causation, higher socio-economic positions and thus better working conditions are beneficial to health in general. We tried to synthesize the results of studies that test this hypothesis in the case of young people. METHODS: We conducted a scoping study mapping all the academic articles published in the period 2006-2016 in Europe...
November 23, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876671/relevance-of-the-rat-lung-tumor-response-to-particle-overload-for-human-risk-assessment-update-and-interpretation-of-new-data-since-ilsi-2000
#5
REVIEW
D B Warheit, R Kreiling, L S Levy
The relevance of particle-overload related lung tumors in rats for human risk assessment following chronic inhalation exposures to poorly soluble particulates (PSP) has been a controversial issue for more than three decades. In 1998, an ILSI (International Life Sciences) Working Group of health scientists was convened to address this issue of applicability of experimental study findings of lung neoplasms in rats for lifetime-exposed production workers to PSPs. A full consensus view was not reached by the Workshop participants, although it was generally acknowledged that the findings of lung tumors in rats following chronic inhalation, particle-overload PSP exposures occurred only in rats and no other tested species; and that there was an absence of lung cancers in PSP-exposed production workers...
November 19, 2016: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871551/exposure-to-anesthetic-gases-among-operating-room-personnel-and-risk-of-genotoxicity-a-systematic-review-of-the-human-biomonitoring-studies
#6
REVIEW
Serkan Yılmaz, Nazan Çakırer Çalbayram
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Anesthetic gases have been used for a long time. Adverse effects of anesthetic gases to occupationally exposed people have been well documented in the literature. Due to low solubility, these gases are rapidly eliminated from the human body. Nevertheless, neurotoxic, immunosuppressive, hepatotoxic and reproductive toxicological effects have been shown in many of the scientific works. However, there is no detailed systematic bio-monitoring review about genotoxicity risk among occupationally exposed people...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866559/-the-founding-analysis-of-national-natural-science-foundation-in-the-field-of-occupational-and-environmental-health
#7
M L Wang, C H Ni, Y K Xia
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864586/lifetime-prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-non-traumatic-musculoskeletal-pains-amongst-surgeons-and-patients
#8
David N Bernstein, Ankit Sood, Jos J Mellema, Yue Li, David Ring
PURPOSE: There is evidence that surgeons make different recommendations for people seeking their care than they make for themselves. There may also be differences in pain episodes and management strategies between surgeons and people seeking care, knowledge of which might improve care. We aimed to assess whether the prevalence of non-traumatic pains, treatments and other factors differed between patients and surgeons. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two-hundred and twenty surgeons, members of the Science of Variation Group (SOVG), and 248 patients seeking care at the Hand Service at a large academic hospital completed a survey regarding the lifetime incidence of non-traumatic pains lasting > one month using short versions of the Pain Catastrophising Scale (PCS-4); Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-2); and Short Health Anxiety Inventory (SHAI-5)...
November 18, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853326/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-in-health-care-workers-and-comparison-with-other-occupational-categories-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Ramin Mehrdad, Narges Sadat Shams-Hosseini, Sara Aghdaei, Mina Yousefian
BACKGROUND: There are few research studies evaluating the significance of low back pain (LBP) in Iran, even though the majority of locally published surveys are written in the Persian language. In the present review study, we aimed at appraising published articles related to the burden of LBP and its divergence among different jobs. METHODS: A comprehensive search was conducted in all accessible national and international electronic databases from 1948 to mid-2012...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27851672/shoulder-injuries-in-commercial-truck-drivers-a-literature-review
#10
Bryan Combs, Karen Heaton
Musculoskeletal injuries in the occupational setting have significant impact on the worker, employer, and healthcare system. The commercial truck driver (CTD) experiences some of the highest rates of injury, missed days of work, and workers' compensation costs compared with other workers. In this population, the back is most commonly affected whereas shoulder injuries are the second but require 5 times more days away from work. Commercial truck drivers are significantly impacted by shoulder injuries; however, little is known about the unique mechanisms of injury, specific injuries, or possible preventative measures among this group of workers...
November 2016: Orthopaedic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849500/the-u-s-army-occupational-and-environmental-medicine-residency-at-aberdeen-proving-ground-maryland-1960-1996
#11
Joel C Gaydos, Timothy M Mallon, William A Rice
BACKGROUND: Reorganization of the Army and critical assessment of Army Graduate Medical Education programs prompted the Occupational and Environmental Medicine (OEM) Consultant to the Army Surgeon General to initiate a review of current Army OEM residency training. Available information indicated the Army OEM residency at Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD, was the first and longest operating Army OEM residency. Describing this residency was identified as the first step in the review, with the objectives of determining why the residency was started and sustained and its relevance to the needs of the Army...
November 2016: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846822/quality-of-life-of-caregivers-of-patients-diagnosed-with-severe-mental-illness-at-the-national-referral-hospitals-in-uganda
#12
Cynthia Ndikuno, Mariam Namutebi, Job Kuteesa, David Mukunya, Connie Olwit
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, 450 million people suffer from mental and behavioral disorders. In Uganda, it is estimated that 35% of the population that is 9,574,915 people suffer from some form of mental illness. Caregivers are increasingly bearing the responsibility of taking care of these patients, which can influence their QoL due to the social and economic costs they incur. The aim of the study was to assess the QoL of caregivers for patients diagnosed with severe mental illness attending the National Referral Hospitals in Uganda...
November 15, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843858/clinical-study-of-burn-patients-requiring-admission-a-single-center-experience-at-north-eastern-indira-gandhi-regional-institute-of-health-and-medical-sciences
#13
Donkupar Khongwar, Ranendra Hajong, Jyoutishman Saikia, Noor Topno, Arup J Baruah, Ojing Komut
BACKGROUND: Although burns are a major problem in health care, a lot of the variation in risk factors exists from region to region which if uncovered correctly could help take effective prevention measures. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the 3-year (January 2012 to January 2015) epidemiology of burn injuries admitted to our hospital (primary objective) and to find areas of improvement in burn care (secondary objective). MATERIALS AND METHODS: After obtaining ethical approval data were obtained from the medical record section regarding age, sex, residence, occupation, marital status, socioeconomic status, dates of admission and discharge, circumstances regarding the place, intent, cause, and source of heat...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827378/development-of-a-source-exposure-matrix-for-occupational-exposure-assessment-of-electromagnetic-fields-in-the-interocc-study
#14
Javier Vila, Joseph D Bowman, Jordi Figuerola, David Moriña, Laurel Kincl, Lesley Richardson, Elisabeth Cardis
To estimate occupational exposures to electromagnetic fields (EMF) for the INTEROCC study, a database of source-based measurements extracted from published and unpublished literature resources had been previously constructed. The aim of the current work was to summarize these measurements into a source-exposure matrix (SEM), accounting for their quality and relevance. A novel methodology for combining available measurements was developed, based on order statistics and log-normal distribution characteristics...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814500/first-radon-measurements-and-occupational-exposure-assessments-in-underground-geodynamic-laboratory-the-polish-academy-of-sciences-space-research-centre-in-ksi%C3%A4-%C3%A5-castle-sw-poland
#15
Lidia Fijałkowska-Lichwa, Tadeusz A Przylibski
The article presents the results of the first radon activity concentration measurements conducted continuously between 17(th) May 2014 and 16(th) May 2015 in the underground geodynamic laboratory of the Polish Academy of Sciences Space Research Centre in Książ. The data were registered with the use of three Polish semiconductor SRDN-3 detectors located the closest (SRDN-3 No. 6) to and the furthest (SRDN-3 No. 3) from the facility entrance, and in the fault zone (SRDN-3 No. 4). The study was conducted to characterize the radon behaviour and check it possibility to use with reference to long- and short-term variations of radon activity concentration observed in sedimentary rocks strongly fractured and intersected by systems of multiple faults, for integrated comparative assessments of changes in local orogen kinetics...
December 2016: Journal of Environmental Radioactivity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811284/atom-by-atom-assembly-of-defect-free-one-dimensional-cold-atom-arrays
#16
Manuel Endres, Hannes Bernien, Alexander Keesling, Harry Levine, Eric R Anschuetz, Alexandre Krajenbrink, Crystal Senko, Vladan Vuletic, Markus Greiner, Mikhail D Lukin
The realization of large-scale fully controllable quantum systems is an exciting frontier in modern physical science. We use atom-by-atom assembly to implement a platform for the deterministic preparation of regular one-dimensional arrays of individually controlled cold atoms. In our approach, a measurement and feedback procedure eliminates the entropy associated with probabilistic trap occupation and results in defect-free arrays of over 50 atoms in less than 400 milliseconds. The technique is based on fast, real-time control of 100 optical tweezers, which we use to arrange atoms in desired geometric patterns and to maintain these configurations by replacing lost atoms with surplus atoms from a reservoir...
November 3, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808601/anthropology-in-agricultural-health-and-safety-research-and-intervention
#17
Thomas Arcury
Agriculture remains a dangerous industry, even as agricultural science and technology continue to advance. Research that goes beyond technological changes to address safety culture and policy are needed to improve health and safety in agriculture. In this commentary I consider the potential for anthropology to contribute to agricultural health and safety research by addressing three aims: (1) I briefly consider what the papers in this issue of the Journal of Agromedicine say about anthropologists in agricultural health and safety; (2) I discuss what anthropologists can add to agricultural health and safety research; and (3) I examine ways in which anthropologists can participate in agricultural health and safety research...
November 3, 2016: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806519/development-and-psychometric-relationship-between-occupational-prestige-and-social-health-of-nursing-staff-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Shahin Tohidi, Maryam Shoorvasi, Arezoo Shayan, Hassan Ahmadinia, Sedigheh Furohari
BACKGROUND: One of the features that any profession possesses is that it occupies a social status relative to other professions. The present paper contributes to the discussion on the relationship between nursing occupational prestige and social health. METHOD: This study was a cross-sectional research that was conducted in 2015. The study population consisted of 200 staff nurses working in all hospitals located in Hamedan, Iran. A convenience sampling was employed to select 200 nurses who were asked respond to the 25item Keyes's Social Health Questionnaire and the16-item Nursing Occupational Prestige Questionnaire...
July 25, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806473/relationship-between-quality-of-life-and-occupational-accidents-in-south-east-of-iran-zahedan
#19
Fereydoon Laal, Mohammad Jafari Modrek, Davoud Balarak, Mahdi Mohammadi, Mahdieh Rakhshani, Narges Rigi
With the development of science and technology, occupational accidents, as one of the most important problems in the world, result in negative effects on physical and psychological health, and also the quality of life of workers. The aim of this study was to compare the quality of life among workers with and without accident. In a cross-sectional study, 93 workers were selected, 31 who experienced accident and 62 as control group. To gather the data, a researcher-made questionnaire for demographic characteristics and the quality of life questionnaire (SF-36) were used...
June 30, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803719/psychometric-properties-of-the-persian-version-of-the-social-anxiety-acceptance-and-action-questionnaire
#20
Esmail Soltani, Seyed Abdolmajid Bahrainian, Abbas Masjedi Arani, Ali Farhoudian, Latif Gachkar
BACKGROUND: Social anxiety disorder is often related to specific impairment or distress in different areas of life, including occupational, social and family settings. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the present study was to examine the psychometric properties of the persian version of the social anxiety-acceptance and action questionnaire (SA-AAQ) in university students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, 324 students from Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences participated via the cluster sampling method during year 2015...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
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