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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201325/the-association-between-solar-lentigines-and-type-2-diabetes
#1
Bobak Moazzami, Niloofar Razavi, Mansour Babaei, Motahareh Haghparast, Mohammad Ali Bayani
Background: Limited information exists between the associations of diabetes mellitus (DM) and solar lentigo (SL); a benign, common skin lesion characterized by hyperpigmented macules. Methods: This study was conducted on 90 patients diagnosed with DM and their age and sex matched controls who were referred to the Departments of Endocrinology at Babol University of Medical Science in Northern of Iran from January 2013 to December 2015. All demographic data including age, gender, occupation, family history of DM, estimated average sun exposure and presence of skin lesions were collected and analyzed...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190816/a-national-survey-of-clinical-pharmacy-services-in-county-hospitals-in-china
#2
Dongning Yao, Xiaoyu Xi, Yuankai Huang, Hao Hu, Yuanjia Hu, Yitao Wang, Wenbing Yao
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy is not only a medical science but also an elaborate public health care system firmly related to its subsystems of education, training, qualification authentication, scientific research, management, and human resources. China is a developing country with a tremendous need for improvements in the public health system, including the clinical pharmacy service system. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this research was to evaluate the infrastructure and personnel qualities of clinical pharmacy services in China...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190544/the-contribution-of-occupational-factors-on-frailty
#3
REVIEW
Ivo Iavicoli, Veruscka Leso, Matteo Cesari
INTRODUCTION: Frailty is a clinical condition characterized by enhanced vulnerability to stressors and increased risk of developing dependency and/or mortality. It has been described as the multidimensional and dynamic condition that cannot be easily disentangled from psychosocial determinants. To date, the possible role of occupational factors on frailty development and its progression at advanced age are not yet fully understood. The aim of this work is to provide a comprehensive overview of existing evidence exploring the relationship between multiple occupational issues (e...
November 22, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187673/dietary-interventions-to-prevent-and-manage-diabetes-in-worksite-settings-a-meta-analysis
#4
Archana Shrestha, Biraj Man Karmacharya, Polyna Khudyakov, Mary Beth Weber, Donna Spiegelman
OBJECTIVES: The translation of lifestyle intervention to improve glucose tolerance into the workplace has been rare. The objective of this meta-analysis is to summarize the evidence for the effectiveness of dietary interventions in worksite settings on lowering blood sugar levels. METHODS: We searched for studies in PubMed, Embase, Econlit, Ovid, Cochrane, Web of Science, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature. Search terms were as follows: (1) Exposure-based: nutrition/diet/dietary intervention/health promotion/primary prevention/health behavior/health education/food /program evaluation; (2) Outcome-based: diabetes/ hyperglycemia/glucose/HbA1c/glycated hemoglobin; and (3) Setting-based: workplace/ worksite/occupational/industry/job/employee...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186153/the-peer-review-gap-a-longitudinal-case-study-of-gendered-publishing-and-occupational-patterns-in-a-female-rich-discipline-western-north-america-1974-2016
#5
Shannon Tushingham, Tiffany Fulkerson, Katheryn Hill
Researchers have repeatedly demonstrated that women continue to be underrepresented in publication output in the sciences. This is true even in female-rich fields such as archaeology. Since most gender-related publication studies rely on data from peer-reviewed journals, it would be instructive, though challenging, to also track publication output in non-refereed and professional or industry venues, which tend to be more accessible to those working in extra-academic settings. This comparison is important in fields such as archaeology in which the vast majority (approximately 90%) of practitioners in the USA work for private sector cultural resource management firms and federal and state agencies...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182044/prerequisites-and-driving-forces-behind-an-extended-working-life-among-older-workers
#6
Pia Hovbrandt, Carita Håkansson, Maria Albin, Gunilla Carlsson, Kerstin Nilsson
BACKGROUND: Reforms are changing pension systems in many European countries, in order to both restrict early retirement and force people to extend their working life. From occupational therapy and occupational science perspectives, studies focusing on aspects of working life that motivate the older worker is urgent. AIM: The aim was to describe incentives behind an extended working life among people over age 65. METHOD: Focus group methodology was used, with participants ages 66-71, from varying work fields: construction and technical companies and the municipal elderly care sector...
November 28, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172235/the-association-between-atopic-dermatitis-and-hand-eczema-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
S M D Ruff, K A Engebretsen, C Zachariae, J D Johansen, J I Silverberg, A Egeberg, J P Thyssen
Atopic dermatitis (AD) and hand eczema (HE) are common chronic and relapsing inflammatory skin conditions that often co-occur. While several studies have addressed their relationship, the exact association estimate is unknown. We systematically reviewed published literature on the association between AD and HE in PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science using the following search terms; (atopic dermatitis OR atopic eczema) AND (hand dermatitis OR hand eczema). Meta-analyses were then performed to examine the association between AD and the point-, one-year- and lifetime prevalence of HE, respectively...
November 24, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158043/six-years-after-the-nrc-review-of-epa-s-draft-iris-toxicological-review-of-formaldehyde-regulatory-implications-of-new-science-in-evaluating-formaldehyde-leukemogenicity
#8
Kenneth A Mundt, P Robinan Gentry, Linda D Dell, Joseph V Rodricks, Paolo Boffetta
Shortly after the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) determined that formaldehyde causes leukemia, the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released its Draft IRIS Toxicological Review of Formaldehyde, also concluding that formaldehyde causes leukemia. Peer review of the EPA Draft IRIS Assessment by a National Academy of Science committee noted that "causal determinations are not supported by the narrative provided in the draft" {NRC 2011}. They offered recommendations for improving the IRIS review and identified several important research gaps...
November 17, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149887/prostate-cancer-in-firefighting-and-police-work-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-epidemiologic-studies
#9
REVIEW
Jeavana Sritharan, Manisha Pahwa, Paul A Demers, Shelley A Harris, Donald C Cole, Marie-Elise Parent
OBJECTIVES: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate potential associations between firefighting and police occupations, and prostate cancer incidence and mortality. METHODS: Original epidemiological studies published from 1980 to 2017 were identified through PubMed and Web of Science. Studies were included if they contained specific job titles for ever/never firefighting and police work and associated prostate cancer risk estimates with 95% confidence intervals (CI)...
November 17, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149621/the-risk-factors-related-to-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Huaqi Guo, Tongxia Wang, Xiaohong Niu, Hui Wang, Weihan Yang, Jie Qiu, Lan Yang
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review was performed to determine the risk factors related to bruxism in children. DESIGN: This systematic review was conducted with reporting in agreement to the PRISMA statement and according to guidelines from the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. We conducted a systematic search of seven online databases, with the last search updated on 1st October 2016. The seven databases were Pubmed, Embase, Cochrane Library database, Web of Science, CNKI, CBM, and WF...
November 11, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138669/medical-and-dental-students-attitude-and-practice-of-prevention-strategies-against-hepatitis-b-virus-infection-in-a-nigerian-university
#11
Oyebimpe Jumoke Adenlewo, Peter Olalekan Adeosun, Olawunmi Adedoyin Fatusi
Introduction: Medical and dental students are a high-risk group for hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection which is an occupational hazard for them and a leading cause of death globally. Prevention strategies include vaccination and observance of standard precaution. However, available reports claim utilization of the prevention strategies is low. This study evaluated the attitude of the students towards HBV vaccine and cross-infection practices. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional study carried out at the College of Health Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135433/highly-cited-occupational-therapy-articles-in-the-science-citation-index-expanded-and-social-sciences-citation-index-a-bibliometric-analysis
#12
Ted Brown, Sharon A Gutman, Yuh-Shan Ho, Kenneth N K Fong
OBJECTIVE: A bibliometric analysis was completed of highly cited occupational therapy literature and authors published from 1991 to 2014 and accessible in the Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-Expanded) and Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) databases. METHOD: Data were obtained from the SCI-Expanded and SSCI. Articles referenced >100 times were categorized as highly cited articles (HCA). RESULTS: Of 6,486 articles found, 31 were categorized as HCA...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135425/internationalization-in-an-occupational-therapy-curriculum-a-philippine-american-pilot-collaboration
#13
Maria Concepcion C Cabatan, Lenin C Grajo
OBJECTIVE: This study is a pilot implementation of an Internationalization at Home (IaH) teaching and learning collaboration to enhance intercultural learning and understanding of concepts of occupation in two cohorts of occupational science and occupational therapy students from the Philippines and the United States. METHOD: In this collective case study, 149 students (Cohort 1, n = 65; Cohort 2, n = 84) participated. The collaboration included virtual conversations among students, faculty presentations, reflective assignments, and completion of an anonymous online survey...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135423/technology-and-occupation-past-present-and-the-next-100-years-of-theory-and-practice
#14
Roger O Smith
During the first 100 years of occupational therapy, the profession developed a remarkable practice and theory base. All along, technology was an active and core component of practice, but often technology was mentioned only as an adjunct component of therapy and as if it was a specialty. This lecture proposes a new foundational theory that places technology at the heart of occupational therapy as a fundamental part of human occupation and the human experience. Moreover, this new Metaphysical Physical-Emotive Theory of Occupation pushes the occupational therapy profession and the occupational science discipline to overtly consider occupation on the level of a metaphysical-level reality...
November 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132327/explaining-variance-in-self-directed-learning-readiness-of-first-year-students-in-health-professional-programs
#15
Craig E Slater, Anne Cusick, Jimmy C Y Louie
BACKGROUND: Self-directed learning (SDL) is expected of health science graduates; it is thus a learning outcome in many pre-certification programs. Previous research identified age, gender, discipline and prior education as associated with variations in students' self-directed learning readiness (SDLR). Studies in other fields also propose personality as influential. METHOD: This study investigated relationships between SDLR and age, gender, discipline, previous education, and personality traits...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127541/the-bargaining-of-professionalism-in-emergency-care-practice-nhs-paramedics-and-higher-education
#16
Assaf Givati, Chris Markham, Ken Street
Over the past 2 decades, as part of reforms to the National Health Service and with it organizational changes to ambulance work in the UK, paramedic education has undergone a process of academisation and a shift from in-house, apprenticeship weeks-long occupational training, to university-based undergraduate programs. While the professional regulation and standardization of Allied Health Professionals' education in high-income countries has captured scholarly attention, the study of paramedic practice is still in its infancy and there is a need to explore its evolvement in relation to the fluid societal-political circumstances affecting its provision and demand...
November 10, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119547/interventions-to-improve-access-to-cataract-surgical-services-and-their-impact-on-equity-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#17
REVIEW
Jacqueline Ramke, Jennifer Petkovic, Vivian Welch, Ilse Blignault, Clare Gilbert, Karl Blanchet, Robin Christensen, Anthony B Zwi, Peter Tugwell
BACKGROUND: Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), and the prevalence is inequitably distributed between and within countries. Interventions have been undertaken to improve cataract surgical services, however, the effectiveness of these interventions on promoting equity is not known. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects on equity of interventions to improve access to cataract services for populations with cataract blindness (and visual impairment) in LMICs...
November 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114898/adapting-the-t0-t4-implementation-science-model-to-occupational-health-and-safety-in-agriculture-forestry-and-fishing-a-scoping-review
#18
REVIEW
Pamela J Tinc, Anne Gadomski, Julie A Sorensen, Lars Weinehall, Paul Jenkins, Kristina Lindvall
BACKGROUND: Despite much research to develop life-saving innovations for the agriculture, forestry, and fishing workforce, these populations continue to face the highest fatal and non-fatal injury rates in the United States, as many of these solutions are not fully adopted. METHODS: A scoping review was conducted to provide an overview of research to practice efforts in this field. The language used to describe these initiatives, the utility of the NIH T0-T4 model, and the progress along the research to practice continuum were examined...
November 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114557/the-comparison-of-hospitals-performance-indicators-before-and-after-the-iran-s-hospital-care-transformations-plan
#19
Haniye Sadat Sajadi, Zainab Sadat Sajadi, Farkhondeh Alsadat Sajadi, Mohammad Hadi, Maryam Zahmatkesh
INTRODUCTION: Hospital care transformation plan (HCTP) was implemented, in 2014, with the aim of ensuring all Iranians have fair access to hospital care, mainly in the public sector. It was assumed that HCTP would lead to increased quality and effectiveness of health care in public hospitals. To explore whether HCTP has achieved its aim, this study has investigated the impact of this plan on performance indicators (PIs) of the public hospitals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in 2016...
2017: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109667/health-system-reform-plan-and-performance-of-hospitals-an-iranian-case-study
#20
Yusefzadeh Hasan, Salem Safi Parviz, Nabilou Bahram
Background: Health system reform is essential to make desired Changes. In Iran, first phase of Health Reform Plan (HRP) was implemented in hospitals affiliated with Ministry of Health and Medical Education (MHME) in 2014. Aim: The present study was carried out to evaluate the performance of hospitals affiliated with Urmia University of Medical Sciences at the time of the implementation of HRP. Methods: This cross-sectional study carried out in two stages, before (2012- 2013) and during (2014- 2015) implementation of the HRP in district and teaching hospitals...
September 2017: Materia Socio-medica
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