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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339975/the-pain-interprofessional-curriculum-design-model
#1
Judy Watt-Watson, Leila Lax, Robyn Davies, Sylvia Langlois, Jon Oskarsson, Lalitha Raman-Wilms
Objective.:  Although the University of Toronto Centre for the Study of Pain has successfully implemented an Interfaculty Pain Curriculum since 2002, we have never formalized the process in a design model. Therefore, our primary aim was to develop a model that provided an overview of dynamic, interrelated elements that have been important in our experience. A secondary purpose was to use the model to frame an interactive workshop for attendees interested in developing their own pain curricula...
March 3, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331125/abstracts-of-the-34th-annual-meeting-of-the-uoeh-association-of-health-sciences
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328937/efficient-occupancy-model-fitting-for-extensive-citizen-science-data
#3
Emily B Dennis, Byron J T Morgan, Stephen N Freeman, Martin S Ridout, Tom M Brereton, Richard Fox, Gary D Powney, David B Roy
Appropriate large-scale citizen-science data present important new opportunities for biodiversity modelling, due in part to the wide spatial coverage of information. Recently proposed occupancy modelling approaches naturally incorporate random effects in order to account for annual variation in the composition of sites surveyed. In turn this leads to Bayesian analysis and model fitting, which are typically extremely time consuming. Motivated by presence-only records of occurrence from the UK Butterflies for the New Millennium data base, we present an alternative approach, in which site variation is described in a standard way through logistic regression on relevant environmental covariates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328293/history-of-knowledge-and-evolution-of-occupational-health-and-regulatory-aspects-of-asbestos-exposure-science-1900-1975
#4
Christy A Barlow, Jennifer Sahmel, Dennis J Paustenbach, John L Henshaw
The understanding by industrial hygienists of the hazards of asbestos and appropriate ways to characterize and control exposure has evolved over the years. Here, a detailed analysis of the evolution of industrial hygiene practices regarding asbestos and its health risks, from the early 1900s until the advent of the national occupational health and safety regulatory structure currently in place in the US (early-to-mid 1970s) is presented. While industrial hygienists recognized in the early 1900s that chronic and high-level exposures to airborne concentrations of asbestos could pose a serious health hazard, it was not until the mid-1950s that the carcinogenic nature of asbestos began to be characterized and widespread concern followed...
March 22, 2017: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315581/morphological-and-physiological-differences-in-the-upper-trapezius-muscle-in-patients-with-work-related-trapezius-myalgia-compared-to-healthy-controls-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Kayleigh De Meulemeester, Patrick Calders, Robby De Pauw, Ine Grymonpon, Anke Govaerts, Barbara Cagnie
BACKGROUND: Trapezius myalgia is a common musculoskeletal complaint, characterized by pain, stiffness and tightness of the upper trapezius muscle. It is often work-related and caused by prolonged static and repetitive work tasks. It is hypothesized that this leads to various morphological and physiological alterations in muscle tissue but the pathophysiology is poorly understood. These alterations can be investigated by analysing muscle biopsies in order to reveal the underlying cellular mechanisms...
March 6, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306298/accurate-x-ray-spectral-predictions-an-advanced-self-consistent-field-approach-inspired-by-many-body-perturbation-theory
#6
Yufeng Liang, John Vinson, Sri Pemmaraju, Walter S Drisdell, Eric L Shirley, David Prendergast
Constrained-occupancy delta-self-consistent-field (ΔSCF) methods and many-body perturbation theories (MBPT) are two strategies for obtaining electronic excitations from first principles. Using the two distinct approaches, we study the O 1s core excitations that have become increasingly important for characterizing transition-metal oxides and understanding strong electronic correlation. The ΔSCF approach, in its current single-particle form, systematically underestimates the pre-edge intensity for chosen oxides, despite its success in weakly correlated systems...
March 3, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272399/maternal-and-paternal-occupational-exposures-and-hepatoblastoma-results-from-the-hope-study-through-the-children-s-oncology-group
#7
Amanda E Janitz, Gurumurthy Ramachandran, Gail E Tomlinson, Mark Krailo, Michaela Richardson, Logan Spector
Little is known about the etiology of hepatoblastoma. We aimed to confirm the results of a previous study evaluating the association between parental occupational exposures and hepatoblastoma. In our case-control study, we identified cases (n=383) from the Children's Oncology Group and controls from birth certificates (n=387), which were frequency matched to cases on year and region of birth, sex, and birth weight. Occupational exposure in the year before and during the index pregnancy was collected through maternal interview and analyzed using unconditional logistic regression...
March 8, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202143/the-missing-women-in-stem-assessing-gender-differentials-in-the-factors-associated-with-transition-to-first-jobs
#8
Sharon Sassler, Jennifer Glass, Yael Levitte, Katherine M Michelmore
Women remain underrepresented in the STEM workforce. We assess explanations for women's underrepresentation in STEM jobs, focusing on a cohort that came of age in the 1980s and 1990s, when women dramatically increased their representation in the scientific labor force. Data are from the NLSY79, and our analysis focuses on members of this cohort who received a college degree, with an emphasis on those who completed a degree in a STEM field. Our analyses test the extent to which college major, expectations to work in STEM, and family expectations shaped transitions into STEM occupations within two years of degree completion...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188201/a-day-of-immersive-physiology-experiments-increases-knowledge-and-excitement-towards-physiology-and-scientific-careers-in-native-american-students
#9
Bryan K Becker, Alicia M Schiller, Irving H Zucker, Eric A Eager, Liliana P Bronner, Maurice Godfrey
Underserved minority groups are disproportionately absent from the pursuit of careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. One such underserved population, Native Americans, are particularly underrepresented in STEM fields. Although recent advocacy and outreach designed toward increasing minority involvement in health care-related occupations have been mostly successful, little is known about the efficacy of outreach programs in increasing minority enthusiasm toward careers in traditional scientific professions...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180020/radiation-protection-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-rp-kap-as-predictors-of-job-stress-among-radiation-workers-in-tehran-province-iran
#10
S Shohreh Alavi, Sima Taghizadeh Dabbagh, Mahya Abbasi, Ramin Mehrdad
BACKGROUND: In recent years, much attention has been paid to occupational stress, but relatively little or no research has been conducted on the influence of knowledge, attitude, and practice of radiation protection (RP-KAP) on job stress among radiation workers. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to assess job stress among health care workers in Iran who are occupationally exposed to radiation in order to determine the effects of KAP on self-protection against radiation on their job stress...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166485/neuroimaging-and-occupational-therapy-bridging-the-gap-to-advance-rehabilitation-in-developmental-coordination-disorder
#11
Meisan Brown-Lum, Jill G Zwicker
Developmental coordination disorder (DCD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by poor motor skills that interfere with a child's ability to perform everyday activities. Little is known about the neural mechanisms that implicate DCD, making it difficult to understand why children with DCD struggle to learn motor skills and selecting the best intervention to optimize function. Neuroimaging studies that utilize magnetic resonance imaging techniques have the capacity to play a critical role in helping to guide clinicians to optimize functional outcomes of children with DCD using evidence-based rehabilitation interventions...
January 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166469/promoting-translational-research-among-movement-science-occupational-science-and-occupational-therapy
#12
Robert L Sainburg, Sook-Lei Liew, Scott H Frey, Florence Clark
Integration of research in the fields of neural control of movement and biomechanics (collectively referred to as movement science) with the field of human occupation directly benefits both areas of study. Specifically, incorporating many of the quantitative scientific methods and analyses employed in movement science can help accelerate the development of rehabilitation-relevant research in occupational therapy (OT) and occupational science (OS). Reciprocally, OT and OS, which focus on the performance of everyday activities (occupations) to promote health and well-being, provide theoretical frameworks to guide research on the performance of actions in the context of social, psychological, and environmental factors...
January 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166252/recent-trends-in-the-u-s-behavioral-and-social-sciences-research-bssr-workforce
#13
Hyungjo Hur, Maryam A Andalib, Julie A Maurer, Joshua D Hawley, Navid Ghaffarzadegan
While behavioral and social sciences occupations comprise one of the largest portions of the "STEM" workforce, most studies of diversity in STEM overlook this population, focusing instead on fields such as biomedical or physical sciences. This study evaluates major demographic trends and productivity in the behavioral and social sciences research (BSSR) workforce in the United States during the past decade. Our analysis shows that the demographic trends for different BSSR fields vary. In terms of gender balance, there is no single trend across all BSSR fields; rather, the problems are field-specific, and disciplines such as economics and political science continue to have more men than women...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159391/socioeconomic-status-and-the-25%C3%A2-%C3%A3-%C3%A2-25-risk-factors-as-determinants-of-premature-mortality-a-multicohort-study-and-meta-analysis-of-1%C3%A2-7-million-men-and-women
#14
Silvia Stringhini, Cristian Carmeli, Markus Jokela, Mauricio Avendaño, Peter Muennig, Florence Guida, Fulvio Ricceri, Angelo d'Errico, Henrique Barros, Murielle Bochud, Marc Chadeau-Hyam, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Giuseppe Costa, Cyrille Delpierre, Silvia Fraga, Marcel Goldberg, Graham G Giles, Vittorio Krogh, Michelle Kelly-Irving, Richard Layte, Aurélie M Lasserre, Michael G Marmot, Martin Preisig, Martin J Shipley, Peter Vollenweider, Marie Zins, Ichiro Kawachi, Andrew Steptoe, Johan P Mackenbach, Paolo Vineis, Mika Kivimäki
BACKGROUND: In 2011, WHO member states signed up to the 25 × 25 initiative, a plan to cut mortality due to non-communicable diseases by 25% by 2025. However, socioeconomic factors influencing non-communicable diseases have not been included in the plan. In this study, we aimed to compare the contribution of socioeconomic status to mortality and years-of-life-lost with that of the 25 × 25 conventional risk factors. METHODS: We did a multicohort study and meta-analysis with individual-level data from 48 independent prospective cohort studies with information about socioeconomic status, indexed by occupational position, 25 × 25 risk factors (high alcohol intake, physical inactivity, current smoking, hypertension, diabetes, and obesity), and mortality, for a total population of 1 751 479 (54% women) from seven high-income WHO member countries...
February 1, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152992/absence-of-multiplicative-interactions-between-occupational-lung-carcinogens-and-tobacco-smoking-a-systematic-review-involving-asbestos-crystalline-silica-and-diesel-engine-exhaust-emissions
#15
Mohamad El Zoghbi, Pascale Salameh, Isabelle Stücker, Patrick Brochard, Fleur Delva, Aude Lacourt
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is the main cause of lung cancer, but it is not the sole causal factor. Significant proportions of workers are smokers and exposed to occupational lung carcinogens. This study aims to systematically review the statistical interaction between occupational lung carcinogens and tobacco smoking, in particular asbestos, crystalline silica and diesel engine exhaust emissions. METHODS: Articles were identified using Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science, and were limited to those published in English or French, without limitation of time...
February 2, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145145/the-attendees-view-of-quality-in-community-based-day-centre-services-for-people-with-psychiatric-disabilities
#16
Lars-Olov Lundqvist, Ann-Britt Ivarsson, Mikael Rask, David Brunt, Agneta Schröder
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Community-based day centres in Sweden are well-established arenas for psychiatric rehabilitation, but little is known of the attendees' perception of the quality of the service provided. The aim of the study was thus to describe and investigate the quality of the services in community-based day centre for people with psychiatric disabilities. METHODS: A sample of 218 attendees in 14 community-based day centre services in Sweden completed the Quality in Psychiatric Care - Daily Activities (QPC-DA)...
February 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139659/burden-of-care-in-primary-caregivers-of-individuals-with-spinal-cord-injury-in-iran-its-association-with-sociodemographic-factors
#17
Z Khazaeipour, F Rezaei-Motlagh, E Ahmadipour, M Azarnia-Ghavam, A Mirzababaei, N Salimi, A Salehi-Nejad
STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVES: The burden of care among primary caregivers of individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI) is affected by different factors. We aimed to evaluate the level of burden among caregivers and the association between the caregiver burden and sociodemographic factors of SCI individuals and their caregivers. SETTING: Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran...
January 31, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134424/job-satisfaction-and-its-relationship-to-radiation-protection-knowledge-attitude-and-practice-rpkap-of-iranian-radiation-workers
#18
S S Alavi, S T Dabbagh, M Abbasi, R Mehrdad
This study aimed to find the association between job satisfaction and radiation protection knowledge, attitude and practice of medical radiation workers occupationally exposed to ionizing radiation. In this crosssectional study, 530 radiation workers affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences completed a knowledge, attitude and practice questionnaire on protecting themselves against radiation and Job Descriptive Index as a job satisfaction measure during May to November 2014. Opportunities for promotion (84...
January 23, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128778/the-contributions-of-occupational-science-to%C3%A2-the-readiness-of-long-duration-deep-space-exploration
#19
Janis Davis, Macy Burr, Maria Absi, Rochelle Telles, Howard Koh
BACKGROUND: This study introduces the contributions of occupational science (OS) to the preparation and support of astronauts during long duration space exploration. Given the hostile environment of space, it is not surprising that there is grave deterioration of both physical and mental health when off Earth. However, OS, through occupational therapy (OT), can identify strategies that maintain health and minimize disruptions in task performance for mission success. OBJECTIVE: To determine the gaps in NASA's preparation of astronauts for long duration space exploration and the viable contributions of OT...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122506/variation-in-use-of-antipsychotic-medications-in-nursing-homes-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#20
Hannah Cioltan, Samah Alshehri, Carol Howe, Jeannie Lee, Mindy Fain, Howard Eng, Kenneth Schachter, Jane Mohler
BACKGROUND: The use of antipsychotic medications (APMs) in nursing home residents in the U.S. is an increasingly prominent issue and has been associated with increased risk of hospitalization, cardiovascular events, hip fractures, and mortality, among other adverse health events. The Food and Drug Administration has placed a black box warning on these drugs, specifying that they are not meant for residents with dementia, and has asked providers to review their treatment plans. The purpose of this systematic PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses)-based review was to summarize original research studies on facility level characteristics contributing to the use of antipsychotics in nursing homes across the United States, in order to investigate the variation of use...
January 26, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
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