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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653319/analysis-of-fatal-accidents-with-tractors-in-the-centre-of-portugal-ten-years-analysis
#1
Soraia M Antunes, Cristina Cordeiro, Helena M Teixeira
Tractors have been described as one of the deadliest farming implements concerning agricultural activity. In Portugal, the scientific investigations about this problem are practically non-existent, with only statistical studies performed by entities related to road traffic safety, not in accordance to the study now performed, pinpointing the possibility of an underreporting of these accidents. This work aims to characterize the fatal tractor accidents in Portugal, autopsied at the Forensic Pathology Department of the Centre Branch of the National Institute of Legal Medicine and Forensic Sciences of Portugal, analysing several variables: gender, age, occupation, survival time, the victim position in the tractor, cause of death, toxicological and histological exams, year/month/day of the week, type of agricultural machine, existence of rollover protective structures (ROPS), type of accident, ground conditions, circumstantial information and geographic distribution of the accidents...
April 6, 2018: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618910/shift-work-and-quality-of-personal-professional-and-family-life-among-health-care-workers-in-a-rehabilitation-center-in-greece
#2
Georgia I Skoufi, Georgios A Lialios, Styliani Papakosta, Theodoros C Constantinidis, Petros Galanis, Evangelia Nena
Context: Adverse work schedules and conditions may affect the physical, mental, and social wellbeing of workers, impairing quality of life and causing conflict between family and work roles. Aims: To compare quality of life, professional quality of life (ProQOL), and work/family conflict (WFC) between shift workers and nonshift workers and explore possible associations with demographic characteristics. Settings and Design: : A cross-sectional study was conducted in a rehabilitation center in Central Greece, recording demographic, occupational, and family characteristics...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29615513/word-embeddings-quantify-100-years-of-gender-and-ethnic-stereotypes
#3
Nikhil Garg, Londa Schiebinger, Dan Jurafsky, James Zou
Word embeddings are a powerful machine-learning framework that represents each English word by a vector. The geometric relationship between these vectors captures meaningful semantic relationships between the corresponding words. In this paper, we develop a framework to demonstrate how the temporal dynamics of the embedding helps to quantify changes in stereotypes and attitudes toward women and ethnic minorities in the 20th and 21st centuries in the United States. We integrate word embeddings trained on 100 y of text data with the US Census to show that changes in the embedding track closely with demographic and occupation shifts over time...
April 3, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610706/the-value-of-citizen-science-for-ecological-monitoring-of-mammals
#4
Arielle Waldstein Parsons, Christine Goforth, Robert Costello, Roland Kays
Citizen science approaches are of great interest for their potential to efficiently and sustainably monitor wildlife populations on both public and private lands. Here we present two studies that worked with volunteers to set camera traps for ecological surveys. The photographs recorded by these citizen scientists were archived and verified using the eMammal software platform, providing a professional grade, vouchered database of biodiversity records. Motivated by managers' concern with perceived high bear activity, our first example enlisted the help of homeowners in a short-term study to compare black bear activity inside a National Historic Site with surrounding private land...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605895/using-a-modified-theory-of-planned-behavior-to-examine-adolescents-workplace-safety-and-health-knowledge-perceptions-and-behavioral-intention-a-structural-equation-modeling-approach
#5
Rebecca J Guerin, Michael D Toland, Andrea H Okun, Liliana Rojas-Guyler, Amy L Bernard
Work, a defining feature of adolescence in the United States, has many benefits. Work also has risks, as adolescents experience a higher rate of serious job-related injuries compared to adults. Talking Safety, a free curriculum from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, is one tool educators may adopt to provide teens with essential workplace safety and health education. Adolescents (N = 2503; female, 50.1%; Hispanic, 50.0%) in a large urban school district received Talking Safety from their eighth-grade science teachers...
March 31, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602835/assessing-the-health-effects-associated-with-occupational-radiation-exposure-in-korean-radiation-workers-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Songwon Seo, Wan Young Lim, Dal Nim Lee, Jung Un Kim, Eun Shil Cha, Ye Jin Bang, Won Jin Lee, Sunhoo Park, Young Woo Jin
INTRODUCTION: The cancer risk of radiation exposure in the moderate-to-high dose range has been well established. However, the risk remains unclear at low-dose ranges with protracted low-dose rate exposure, which is typical of occupational exposure. Several epidemiological studies of Korean radiation workers have been conducted, but the data were analysed retrospectively in most cases. Moreover, groups with relatively high exposure, such as industrial radiographers, have been neglected...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582940/closed-system-drug-transfer-devices-plus-safe-handling-of-hazardous-drugs-versus-safe-handling-alone-for-reducing-exposure-to-infusional-hazardous-drugs-in-healthcare-staff
#7
REVIEW
Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy, Lawrence Mj Best, Cynthia Tanguay, Elaine Lennan, Mika Korva, Jean-François Bussières
BACKGROUND: Occupational exposure to hazardous drugs can decrease fertility and result in miscarriages, stillbirths, and cancers in healthcare staff. Several recommended practices aim to reduce this exposure, including protective clothing, gloves, and biological safety cabinets ('safe handling'). There is significant uncertainty as to whether using closed-system drug-transfer devices (CSTD) in addition to safe handling decreases the contamination and risk of staff exposure to infusional hazardous drugs compared to safe handling alone...
March 27, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579788/risk-factors-for-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Ali Reza Yusefi, Kamran Bagheri Lankarani, Peivand Bastani, Maryam Radinmanesh, Zahra Kavosi
Objective: Gastric cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, with many influences contributing to the disease. The aim of this study was to identify the most important risk factors. Methods: This study was conducted in 2017 with a structured overview in the Science Directe, Scopus, PubMed, Cochrane, Web of Science (ISI) databases. In the first step, articles were extracted based on their titles and abstracts; the quality of 43 articles was evaluated using the STORBE tool. Inclusion criteria were studies carried out on human, English language (first step), year of the study and the study type (second step)...
March 27, 2018: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571937/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-childhood-and-adolescent-body-mass-index-weight-and-height-from-1953-to-2015-an-analysis-of-four-longitudinal-observational-british-birth-cohort-studies
#9
David Bann, William Johnson, Leah Li, Diana Kuh, Rebecca Hardy
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic inequalities in childhood body-mass index (BMI) have been documented in high-income countries; however, uncertainty exists with regard to how they have changed over time, how inequalities in the composite parts (ie, weight and height) of BMI have changed, and whether inequalities differ in magnitude across the outcome distribution. Therefore, we aimed to investigate how socioeconomic inequalities in childhood and adolescent weight, height, and BMI have changed over time in Britain...
March 20, 2018: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563031/gynaecological-cancer-and-night-shift-work-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Christine Schwarz, Ana María Pedraza-Flechas, Virginia Lope, Roberto Pastor-Barriuso, Marina Pollan, Beatriz Perez-Gomez
Night shift work can affect hormonal balance, and so might be a risk factor for gynaecological malignancies. This report presents a systematic review on the association between this occupational exposure and the incidence of gynaecological cancers other than breast cancer. We searched for original articles addressing this issue in PubMed/MEDLINE, EMBASE and Web of Science, and used the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Index to evaluate the methodological quality of those reports selected for review. Globally, we found only six articles, which provided the results of just six research studies: four examined ovarian cancer, two endometrial tumours and two cervical cancer...
April 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553078/-abstracts-of-the-35th-annual-meeting-of-the-uoeh-association-of-health-sciences
#11
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2018: Journal of UOEH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546492/recent-advances-in-the-prevention-of-mental-disorders
#12
REVIEW
Tamar Mendelson, William W Eaton
PURPOSE: Prevention of mental disorders is a rapidly growing area of research with substantial potential benefits for population health. This paper reviews the evidence base for prevention of depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia. METHODS: We synthesized evidence from recent systematic reviews and meta-analyses published between 2013 and 2018 on prevention of depression, anxiety, and first-episode psychosis. We included reviews of randomized controlled trials testing psychological, psychosocial, and pharmacological preventive interventions...
March 15, 2018: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544809/a-perspective-of-mitochondrial-dysfunction-in-rats-treated-with-silver-and-titanium-nanoparticles-agnps-and-tinps
#13
Lilian Cristina Pereira, Murilo Pazin, Mariana Furio Franco-Bernardes, Airton da Cunha Martins, Gustavo Rafael Mazzaron Barcelos, Márcio Cesar Pereira, João Paulo Mesquita, Jairo Lisboa Rodrigues, Fernando Barbosa, Daniel Junqueira Dorta
Nanotechnology is a growing branch of science that deals with the development of structural features bearing at least one dimension in the nano range. More specifically, nanomaterials are defined as objects with dimensions that range from 1 to 100 nm, which give rise to interesting properties. In particular, silver and titanium nanoparticles (AgNPs and TiNPs, respectively) are known for their biological and biomedical properties and are often used in consumer products such as cosmetics, food additives, kitchen utensils, and toys...
May 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524811/the-age-pattern-of-social-inequalities-in-health-at-older-ages-are-common-measures-of-socio-economic-status-interchangeable
#14
F Acciai
OBJECTIVES: Social inequalities in health have been largely documented in social science research. Members of the most disadvantaged groups experience worse health and higher mortality from birth throughout adulthood. However, it is not clear whether this association persists at older ages. Some studies have found a narrowing of the social gradient in health, at least when 'traditional' measures of socio-economic status (SES)-income, education, and occupation-are used. The main goal of the article is to highlight similarities and discrepancies in the age trend of social inequalities in health that arise when multiple measures of SES are considered...
March 7, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507260/trial-implementation-of-a-telerehabilitation-exercise-system-in-residential-aged-care
#15
Marie Hutchinson, Neil Wendt, Stuart Trevor Smith
The 2011 Productivity Commission report, Caring for Older Australians, observed that as the number of older Australians rises and the demand for aged care services increases, there will be a commensurate increase in demand for a well-trained aged care workforce. One of the significant issues impacting upon the ability of the aged services sector to respond to a growing number of older adults is to attract and retain sufficient numbers of staff. A number of factors are acknowledged to contribute to a failure of the aged care sector to attract and retain workers including: poor sector reputation, poor working conditions, including high client-staff ratios, a lack of career paths and professional development opportunities and low rates of remuneration...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29489035/pesticides-as-risk-factors-for-head-and-neck-cancer-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Veruska Lima Moura Brasil, Mariana Bitu Ramos Pinto, Roberta Ferreti Bonan, Luiz Paulo Kowalski, Danyel Elias da Cruz Perez
Humans may be exposed to pesticides such as fungicides, herbicides and insecticides, during occupational and non-occupational activities. Pesticides could be related to cancer development mainly because of their effects on the endocrine and immune systems and their cumulative effect. The present review evaluated in current literature evidence of an association between exposure to pesticides and the occurrence of head and neck cancer (HNC). A literature search for cohort studies was conducted in the PubMed, Web of science and Cochrane databases...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29487294/creating-a-3d-microbial-and-chemical-snapshot-of-a-human-habitat
#17
Clifford A Kapono, James T Morton, Amina Bouslimani, Alexey V Melnik, Kayla Orlinsky, Tal Luzzatto Knaan, Neha Garg, Yoshiki Vázquez-Baeza, Ivan Protsyuk, Stefan Janssen, Qiyun Zhu, Theodore Alexandrov, Larry Smarr, Rob Knight, Pieter C Dorrestein
One of the goals of forensic science is to identify individuals and their lifestyle by analyzing the trace signatures left behind in built environments. Here, microbiome and metabolomic methods were used to see how its occupants used an office and to also gain insights into the lifestyle characteristics such as diet, medications, and personal care products of the occupants. 3D molecular cartography, a molecular visualization technology, was used in combination with mass spectrometry and microbial inventories to highlight human-environmental interactions...
February 27, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29481528/the-past-informs-the-future-an-overview-of-the-million-worker-study-and-the-mallinckrodt-chemical-works-cohort
#18
John D Boice, Elizabeth D Ellis, Ashley P Golden, David J Girardi, Sarah S Cohen, Heidi Chen, Michael T Mumma, Roy E Shore, Richard W Leggett
The purpose of this paper is to present an overview of ongoing work on the Million Worker Study (MWS), highlighting some of the key methods and progress so far as exemplified by the study of workers at the Mallinckrodt Chemical Works (MCW). The MWS began nearly 25 y ago and continues in a stepwise fashion, evaluating one study cohort at a time. It includes workers from U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Manhattan Project facilities, U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) regulated nuclear power plants, industrial radiographers, U...
April 2018: Health Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480509/-motor-imagery-a-systematic-review-of-its-effectiveness-in-the-rehabilitation-of-the-upper-limb-following-a-stroke
#19
E Fernandez-Gomez, A Sanchez-Cabeza
INTRODUCTION: Motor imagery or mental practice of movement is a relatively new intervention that is being used on an increasingly more frequently basis in the treatment of stroke patients. It consists in the person evoking a movement or gesture in order to learn or improve its execution. Neuroimaging studies have shown that imagining movements activates neuronal patterns that are similar to those produced when they are actually performed. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A systematic review was conducted between January and June 2017 in the Web of Science, PubMed, CINHAL, PEDro and Scopus databases to select clinical trials carried out with stroke patients in whom this technique was used as rehabilitation...
March 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461307/are-graft-versus-host-disease-patients-missing-out-on-the-vital-occupational-therapy-services-a-systematic-review
#20
Hadeel R Bakhsh, Jaleel Mohammed, Shahrukh K Hashmi
The aim of this review is to show the importance of occupational therapy/hand therapy for chronic graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) patients and to outline the current state of the literature. GVHD of the hand can cause functional loss, reduced activities of daily life, poor social interaction, and loss of income because of limitations in work. Hand therapy, which is a specialty practised by both occupational therapists and physical therapists, has been proven to be an effective approach for hand-related musculoskeletal disorders; however, the literature search suggests that it is an underutilized specialty around the world...
February 14, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
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