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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042299/non-pharmacological-interventions-for-spasticity-in-adults-an-overview-of-systematic-reviews
#1
REVIEW
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya, Djamel Bensmail, Alain Yelnik
OBJECTIVES: Spasticity causes significant long-term disability-burden, requiring comprehensive management. This review evaluates evidence from published systematic reviews of clinical trials for effectiveness of non-pharmacological interventions for improved spasticity outcomes. METHODS: Data sources: A literature search was conducted using medical and health science electronic (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PubMed, and the Cochrane Library) databases for published systematic reviews up to 15(th) June 2017...
October 14, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041821/gender-matters-in-the-transition-to-employment-for-young-adults-with-physical-disabilities
#2
Sally Lindsay, Elaine Cagliostro, Mikhaela Albarico, Neda Mortaji, Dilakshan Srikanthan
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the role of gender in the transition to employment for young adults with physical disabilities. METHODS: This study drew on in-depth interviews with a purposive sample of 33 participants (23 youth and 10 clinicians). The youth in our sample included 13 females (mean age 22.9) and 10 males (mean age 21.3) who had various types of physical disabilities. The person-environment-occupation (PEO) model informed our analysis...
October 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032590/a-scoping-approach-to-systematically-review-published-reviews-adaptations-and-recommendations
#3
REVIEW
Annette Schultz, Leah Goertzen, Janet Rothney, Pamela Wener, Jennifer Enns, Gayle Halas, Alan Katz
Knowledge translation is a central focus of the health research community, which includes strategies to synthesize published research to support uptake within healthcare practice and policy arenas. Within the literature concerning review methodologies, a new discussion has emerged concerning methods that review and synthesize published review articles. In this paper, our multidisciplinary team from family medicine, nursing, dental hygiene, kinesiology, occupational therapy, physiology, population health, clinical psychology and library sciences contribute to this discussion by sharing our experiences in conducting three scoping reviews of published review studies...
October 15, 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025130/domain-specific-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behaviour-in-relation-to-colon-and-rectal-cancer-risk-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Shahid Mahmood, Robert J MacInnis, Dallas R English, Amalia Karahalios, Brigid M Lynch
Background: Physical activity is associated with reduced risk of colorectal cancer, but most epidemiological studies have focused on occupational and recreational physical activity. The evidence for other domains of activity, and for sedentary behaviour, is limited. Methods: Medline, Embase and Web of Science were searched from inception to December 2015 for studies examining domain-specific physical activity or sedentary behaviour and the risk of colon and/or rectal cancer...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024741/in-vivo-potency-revisited-keep-the-target-inl-sight
#5
REVIEW
Johan Gabrielsson, Lambertus A Peletier, Stephan Hjorth
Potency is a central parameter in pharmacological and biochemical sciences, as well as in drug discovery and development endeavors. It is however typically defined in terms only of ligand to target binding affinity also in in vivo experimentation, thus in a manner analogous to in in vitro studies. As in vivo potency is in fact a conglomerate of events involving ligand, target, and target-ligand complex processes, overlooking some of the fundamental differences between in vivo and in vitro may result in serious mispredictions of in vivo efficacious dose and exposure...
October 9, 2017: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019346/occupational-exposure-to-pesticides-development-of-a-job-exposure-matrix-for-use-in-population-based-studies-pestipop
#6
Camille Carles, Ghislaine Bouvier, Yolande Esquirol, Camille Pouchieu, Lucile Migault, Clément Piel, Pascale Fabbro-Peray, Séverine Tual, Pierre Lebailly, Isabelle Baldi
Occupational exposure to pesticides concerns a wide population of workers not only in agriculture. The reliability of self-reported information on pesticide use is questionable because of the diversity of use. The PESTIPOP job-exposure matrix has been designed to assess pesticide occupational exposure in the general population. The matrix is composed of two axes: the first axis corresponding to jobs (combinations of occupations and industries) and the second one to pesticide exposure. The estimated exposure metric is the probability of exposure coupled with a reliability assessment (low, medium or high)...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017480/longitudinal-assessment-of-daily-activity-patterns-on-weight-change-after-involuntary-job-loss-the-adapt-study-protocol
#7
Patricia L Haynes, Graciela E Silva, George W Howe, Cynthia A Thomson, Emily A Butler, Stuart F Quan, Duane Sherrill, Molly Scanlon, Darlynn M Rojo-Wissar, Devan N Gengler, David A Glickenstein
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization has identified obesity as one of the most visible and neglected public health problems worldwide. Meta-analytic studies suggest that insufficient sleep increases the risk of developing obesity and related serious medical conditions. Unfortunately, the nationwide average sleep duration has steadily declined over the last two decades with 25% of U.S. adults reporting insufficient sleep. Stress is also an important indirect factor in obesity, and chronic stress and laboratory-induced stress negatively impact sleep...
October 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994617/an-interim-examination-of-the-us-public-health-response-to-ebola
#8
Katherine Schemm Dwyer, Heather Misner, Sara Chang, Neyling Fajardo
From the summer of 2014 to the spring of 2016, the United States was involved in the Ebola response on both the national and international levels. The United States received 2 imported cases from West Africa and had 2 locally hospital-acquired cases, which spurred a massive and unprecedented public health response. As the domestic response stabilized and the epidemic in West Africa slowed, the Association of State and Territorial Health Officials (ASTHO) and the National Association of County and City Health Officials (NACCHO), through a cooperative agreement with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), led an in-progress review to assess the national public health response to Ebola...
October 10, 2017: Health Security
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982021/a-data-driven-synthesis-of-research-evidence-for-domains-of-hearing-loss-as-reported-by-adults-with-hearing-loss-and-their-communication-partners
#9
Venessa Vas, Michael A Akeroyd, Deborah A Hall
A number of assessment tools exist to evaluate the impact of hearing loss, with little consensus among researchers as to either preference or psychometric adequacy. The item content of hearing loss assessment tools should seek to capture the impact of hearing loss on everyday life, but to date no one has synthesized the range of hearing loss complaints from the perspectives of the person with hearing loss and their communication partner. The current review aims to synthesize the evidence on person with hearing loss- and communication partner-reported complaints of hearing loss...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981991/sleep-behaviors-in-traditional-age-college-students-a-state-of-the-science-review-with-implications-for-practice
#10
Heather Owens, Becky Christian, Barbara Polivka
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The purpose of this systematic review was to examine influences affecting sleep behavior in traditional-age college students and to advocate for improved sleep behavior assessments. DATA SOURCES: A literature search of CINAHL, MEDLINE, and PubMed databases was performed using the search terms "college students" and "sleep" in the title that were published in English from 1978 to 2016. CONCLUSIONS: The circadian clock is reset in traditional-age college students leading to delayed sleep times...
October 5, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979349/seroprevalence-of-human-fasciolosis-in-lorestan-province-western-iran-in-2015-16
#11
Peyman Heydarian, Keyhan Ashrafi, Mehdi Mohebali, Eshrat Beigom Kia, Mojgan Aryaeipour, Ali Chegeni Sharafi, Hamid Mokhayeri, Arezoo Bozorgomid, Mohammad Bagher Rokni
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was the seroepidemiological survey for detecting the status of human fasciolosis in Lorestan Province, western Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015-16. Based on statistical estimations, 1256 serum samples were collected from different parts of Lorestan Province, western Iran, and stored at -20 °C until use. The collected serum samples were analyzed at Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran using indirect ELISA method...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977951/occupational-ultraviolet-exposure-and-risk-of-non-hodgkin-s-lymphomas-a-meta-analysis
#12
Demin Lu, Fei Xu, Kaiming Hu, Li Yin, Huijie Duan, Jiaojiao Zhang, SuZhan Zhang
Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a heterogeneous group of lympho-proliferative disorders. We performed a meta-analysis to summarize the available evidence from case-control studies and cohort study on the inconsistent association between occupational sun exposure and the risk of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. We searched PubMed, ISI web of science, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE and reference lists for relevant articles. Study specific odds ratios or relative risk and 95% confidence intervals were pooled by using fixed-effects or random-effects models...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977041/physical-psychological-and-occupational-consequences-of-job-burnout-a-systematic-review-of-prospective-studies
#13
Denise Albieri Jodas Salvagioni, Francine Nesello Melanda, Arthur Eumann Mesas, Alberto Durán González, Flávia Lopes Gabani, Selma Maffei de Andrade
Burnout is a syndrome that results from chronic stress at work, with several consequences to workers' well-being and health. This systematic review aimed to summarize the evidence of the physical, psychological and occupational consequences of job burnout in prospective studies. The PubMed, Science Direct, PsycInfo, SciELO, LILACS and Web of Science databases were searched without language or date restrictions. The Transparent Reporting of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines were followed. Prospective studies that analyzed burnout as the exposure condition were included...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975928/meta-analysis-of-job-exposure-matrix-data-from-multiple-sources
#14
Wenting Cheng, Benjamin Roberts, Bhramar Mukherjee, Richard L Neitzel
The objectives of this study were to determine the heterogeneity of data sources used to construct a job-exposure matrix (JEM) for occupational noise, and to calculate pooled exposure estimates for different job titles using different sources. The JEM was populated with measurements from government databases, private industry, and the published literature. Data were organized by job title using the US standard occupational classification (SOC). Using data from the literature as prior information, adjusted mean exposure was calculated for both the government and industry data following a simple Bayesian approach...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953238/who-environmental-noise-guidelines-for-the-european-region-a-systematic-review-on-environmental-noise-and-permanent-hearing-loss-and-tinnitus
#15
REVIEW
Mariola Śliwińska-Kowalska, Kamil Zaborowski
Background: Hearing loss is defined as worsening of hearing acuity and is usually expressed as an increase in the hearing threshold. Tinnitus, defined as "ringing in the ear", is a common and often disturbing accompaniment of hearing loss. Hearing loss and environmental exposures to noise are increasingly recognized health problems. Objectives: The objective was to assess whether the exposure-response relationship can be established between exposures to non-occupational noise and permanent hearing outcomes such as permanent hearing loss and tinnitus...
September 27, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951855/risk-assessment-factors-contributing-to-discomfort-for-menopausal-women-in-workplace
#16
REVIEW
Mehdi Jafari, Bahar Seifi, Mohammad Heidari
The purpose of this study was to review the Factors contributing to discomfort for menopausal women in workplace and the perceived effects of working conditions on menopausal symptoms, and to produce recommendations for managers and women. This study was a review article. We searched PubMed and Science Direct for articles related to menopause and workplace. Keywords included: menopause AND workplace OR occupational health or menopausal women AND managers. Because we aimed to update the literature following the 2011 review of menopause and workplace, only English-language articles published between 2011 and 2017 were included...
August 2017: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949810/collaborative-peer-review-process-as-an-informal-interprofessional-learning-tool-findings-from-an-exploratory-study
#17
Jae Yung Kwon, Laura Yvonne Bulk, Zarina Giannone, Sarah Liva, Bubli Chakraborty, Helen Brown
Despite numerous studies on formal interprofessional education programes, less attention has been focused on informal interprofessional learning opportunities. To provide such an opportunity, a collaborative peer review process (CPRP) was created as part of a peer-reviewed journal. Replacing the traditional peer review process wherein two or more reviewers review the manuscript separately, the CPRP brings together students from different professions to collaboratively review a manuscript. The aim of this study was to assess whether the CPRP can be used as an informal interprofessional learning tool using an exploratory qualitative approach...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948647/emotional-response-of-undergraduates-to-cadaver-dissection
#18
Patricia A Wisenden, Katherine J Budke, Chelsea J Klemetson, Tana R Kurtti, Chandi M Patel, Trenda L Schwantz, Brian D Wisenden
Introduction The most effective way to learn human anatomy is through cadaver dissection. Historically, cadaver dissection has been the provenance of professional schools. Increasingly, cadaver-based courses in human anatomy are shifting to the undergraduate level, which creates both problems and opportunities because of differences between undergraduate and graduate student populations. Anxiety associated with dissecting cadavers can create a barrier to learning, and ultimately, entry into the health and medical sciences for some demographic subpopulations of undergraduates...
September 25, 2017: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933675/using-the-concept-of-hubots-to-understand-the-work-entailed-in-using-digital-technologies-in-healthcare
#19
Catherine Pope, Joanne Turnbull
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to explore the human work entailed in the deployment of digital health care technology. It draws on imagined configurations of computers and machines in fiction and social science to think about the relationship between technology and people, and why this makes implementation of digital technology so difficult. The term hubots is employed as a metaphorical device to examine how machines and humans come together to do the work of healthcare. Design/methodology/approach This paper uses the fictional depiction of hubots to reconceptualise the deployment of a particular technology - a computer decision support system (CDSS) used in emergency and urgent care services...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930297/estimated-radiation-exposure-of-german-commercial-airline-cabin-crew-in-the-years-1960-2003-modeled-using-dose-registry-data-for-2004-2015
#20
Daniel Wollschläger, Gaël Paul Hammer, Thomas Schafft, Steffen Dreger, Maria Blettner, Hajo Zeeb
Exposure to ionizing radiation of cosmic origin is an occupational risk factor in commercial aircrew. In a historic cohort of 26,774 German aircrew, radiation exposure was previously estimated only for cockpit crew using a job-exposure matrix (JEM). Here, a new method for retrospectively estimating cabin crew dose is developed. The German Federal Radiation Registry (SSR) documents individual monthly effective doses for all aircrew. SSR-provided doses on 12,941 aircrew from 2004 to 2015 were used to model cabin crew dose as a function of age, sex, job category, solar activity, and male pilots' dose; the mean annual effective dose was 2...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
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