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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913082/efficacy-and-feasibility-of-objective-structured-clinical-examination-in-the-internal-assessment-for-surgery-postgraduates
#1
Anitha Muthusami, Subair Mohsina, Sathasivam Sureshkumar, Amaranathan Anandhi, Thirthar Palanivelu Elamurugan, Krishnamachari Srinivasan, Thulasingam Mahalakshmy, Vikram Kate
INTRODUCTION: Traditionally assessment in medical training programs has been through subjective faculty evaluations or multiple choice questions. Conventional examinations provide assessment of the global performance rather than individual competencies thus making the final feedback less meaningful. The objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) is a relatively new multidimensional tool for evaluating training. This study was carried out to determine the efficacy and feasibility of OSCE as a tool for the internal assessment of surgery residents...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909016/using-student-writing-and-lexical-analysis-to-reveal-student-thinking-about-the-role-of-stop-codons-in-the-central-dogma
#2
Luanna B Prevost, Michelle K Smith, Jennifer K Knight
Previous work has shown that students have persistent difficulties in understanding how central dogma processes can be affected by a stop codon mutation. To explore these difficulties, we modified two multiple-choice questions from the Genetics Concept Assessment into three open-ended questions that asked students to write about how a stop codon mutation potentially impacts replication, transcription, and translation. We then used computer-assisted lexical analysis combined with human scoring to categorize student responses...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907983/north-korean-refugee-doctors-preliminary-examination-scores
#3
Sung Uk Chae, Jeong Hee Yang, Joon Seop Hyun, June Hee Kim, Seok Hoon Kang
PURPOSE: Although there have been studies emphasizing the re-education of North Korean (NK) doctors for post-unification of the Korean Peninsula, study on the content and scope of such re-education has yet to be conducted. Researchers intended to set the content and scope of re-education by a comparative analysis for the scores of the preliminary examination, which is comparable to the Korean Medical Licensing Examination (KMLE). METHODS: The scores of the first and second preliminary exams were analyzed by subject using the Wilcoxon signed rank test...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896322/effectiveness-of-the-synthetic-cannabinoids-seminar
#4
Murat Seyit, Mert Ozen, Alten Oskay, Emine Kadioglu
OBJECTIVES: Synthetic cannabinoid or "Bonzai" use is a public health issue as its use has increased in Turkey as well as all over the world. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the "Synthetic Cannabinoids Seminar" that was provided to physicians who work in emergency services, using multiple choice questionnaires before and after the seminar as a tool for evaluation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: Synthetic cannabinoids seminars were provided to physicians who work in emergency services in two different cities, with the participation of 20 physicians in each scheduled seminar...
June 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895917/validation-of-biomarkers-to-predict-response-to-immunotherapy-in-cancer-volume-i-pre-analytical-and-analytical-validation
#5
REVIEW
Giuseppe V Masucci, Alessandra Cesano, Rachael Hawtin, Sylvia Janetzki, Jenny Zhang, Ilan Kirsch, Kevin K Dobbin, John Alvarez, Paul B Robbins, Senthamil R Selvan, Howard Z Streicher, Lisa H Butterfield, Magdalena Thurin
Immunotherapies have emerged as one of the most promising approaches to treat patients with cancer. Recently, there have been many clinical successes using checkpoint receptor blockade, including T cell inhibitory receptors such as cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death-1 (PD-1). Despite demonstrated successes in a variety of malignancies, responses only typically occur in a minority of patients in any given histology. Additionally, treatment is associated with inflammatory toxicity and high cost...
2016: Journal for Immunotherapy of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893968/interprofessional-approach-for-teaching-functional-knee-joint-anatomy
#6
Jakob J Meyer, Markus M Obmann, Marianne Gießler, Dominik Schuldis, Ann-Kathrin Brückner, Peter C Strohm, Florian Sandeck, Björn Spittau
Profound knowledge in functional and clinical anatomy is a prerequisite for efficient diagnosis in medical practice. However, anatomy teaching does not always consider functional and clinical aspects. Here we introduce a new interprofessional approach to effectively teach the anatomy of the knee joint. The presented teaching approach involves anatomists, orthopaedists and physical therapists to teach anatomy of the knee joint in small groups under functional and clinical aspects. The knee joint courses were implemented during early stages of the medical curriculum and medical students were grouped with students of physical therapy to sensitize students to the importance of interprofessional work...
November 25, 2016: Annals of Anatomy, Anatomischer Anzeiger: Official Organ of the Anatomische Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889569/an-evaluation-of-transit-procurement-training
#7
Robert B Noland, Marc D Weiner, Nicholas J Klein, Orin D Puniello
We evaluated a training course called "Orientation to Transit Procurement", designed and conducted by the National Transit Institute. This course is designed to provide Federal Transit Administration (FTA) grantees an overview of regulations and best practices related to the procurement process. Our objective in conducting the evaluation was to understand how transit agency staff made changes in procurement practices in response to the course training. The evaluation was mixed mode: an Internet survey followed by in-depth interviews with a small group of respondents...
November 3, 2016: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878663/prevention-and-treatment-of-venous-thromboembolism-in-patients-with-solid-brain-neoplasms-results-of-a-survey-among-italian-physicians
#8
Nicola Mumoli, Stefano Barco, Marco Cei, Matteo Giorgi-Pierfranceschi, Mauro Campanini, Andrea Fontanella, Walter Ageno, Francesco Dentali
The decision concerning the introduction of primary and secondary prophylaxis of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients with solid brain neoplasms and brain metastases is often challenging due to the concomitant increased risk of intracranial hemorrhage and to limited evidence from available literature. A standardized questionnaire composed of nine multiple-choice questions regarding primary VTE prevention in non-surgical patients during high-risk conditions and VTE secondary prevention in patients with a solid brain neoplasm or cerebral metastases was sent via electronic mail to all the members (n = 2420) of the Italian Federation of the Internal Medicine Hospital Executives' Associations (FADOI) in June 2015...
November 23, 2016: Internal and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874997/considerations-for-assessing-model-averaging-of-regression-coefficients
#9
Katharine M Banner, Megan D Higgs
Model choice is usually an inevitable source of uncertainty in model-based statistical analyses. While the focus of model choice was traditionally on methods for choosing a single model, methods to formally account for multiple models within a single analysis are now accessible to many researchers. The specific technique of model averaging was developed to improve predictive ability by combining predictions from a set of models. However, it is now often used to average regression coefficients across multiple models with the ultimate goal of capturing a variable's overall effect...
August 8, 2016: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865242/a-study-on-knowledge-and-awareness-about-tuberculosis-in-senior-school-children-in-bangalore-india
#10
K Vanaja, Reshma Banu, Lokeshwar Reddy, P Chethan Kumar, Chaitra Srinivas, T Rajani, Navyashree, H S Shekar
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis), commonly affecting the lungs. All health care professionals including the pharmacists provide a valuable public health role in promoting community awareness of TB particularly in reducing stigma attached to TB. Thus, creating awareness at a community level could play a vital role in control and prevention of TB. OBJECTIVES: To determine whether educational intervention would affect the level of TB awareness among students of selected schools and pre-university colleges (PUCs) in Bangalore urban and Bangalore rural regions...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862809/assessing-understanding-patients-prescribed-natalizumab-for-multiple-sclerosis-individual-risk-and-symptoms-of-progressive-multifocal-leukoencephalopathy
#11
Louise Rath, Nirosen Vijiaratnam, Olga Skibina
BACKGROUND: Natalizumab, a monoclonal antibody directed against α4 integrin, is a highly efficacious treatment commonly used in Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (MS). Natalizumab is associated with the potentially fatal rare demyelinating opportunistic brain infection, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML). Prognosis and disability from PML is determined by early diagnosis. Written tools are mandated in Australia and other prescribing countries with the aim to help patients understand the risks associated with treatment and ensure familiarity with the early symptoms of PML...
November 9, 2016: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861516/the-mcme-project-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-an-sms-based-continuing-medical-education-intervention-for-improving-medical-knowledge-among-vietnamese-community-based-physicians-assistants
#12
Christopher J Gill, Bao Le Ngoc, Nafisa Halim, Ha Nguyen Viet, Anna Larson Williams, Tan Nguyen Van, Marion McNabb, Lien Tran Thi Ngoc, Ariel Falconer, Hai An Phan Ha, Julia Rohr, Hai Hoang, James Michiel, Tam Nguyen Thi Thanh, Liat Bird, Hoang Pham Vu, Mahlet Yeshitla, Nhu Ha Van, Lora Sabin
BACKGROUND: Community health workers (CHWs) provide critical services to underserved populations in low and middle-income countries, but maintaining CHW's clinical knowledge through formal continuing medical education (CME) activities is challenging and rarely occurs. We tested whether a Short Message Service (SMS)-based mobile CME (mCME) intervention could improve medical knowledge among a cadre of Vietnamese CHWs (Community Based Physician's Assistants-CBPAs) who are the leading providers of primary medical care for rural underserved populations...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857987/the-comparison-of-the-efficiency-of-traditional-lectures-to-video-supported-lectures-within-the-training-of-the-emergency-medicine-residents
#13
Aydın Sarıhan, Neşe Colak Oray, Birdal Güllüpınar, Sedat Yanturali, Ridvan Atilla, Berna Musal
OBJECTIVES: Recent developments in computer and video technology, multimedia resources enter quickest way possible into medical education and have started to gain popularity. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of video-supported lectures on leaning, with comparison to traditional lectures. METHODS: According to lecture techniques, two separate groups; one is the traditional lectures group (TLG) and the other is video-supported lectures group (VSLG), are formed...
September 2016: Turkish Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856552/development-and-validation-of-the-conceptual-assessment-of-natural-selection-cans
#14
Steven T Kalinowski, Mary J Leonard, Mark L Taper
We developed and validated the Conceptual Assessment of Natural Selection (CANS), a multiple-choice test designed to assess how well college students understand the central principles of natural selection. The expert panel that reviewed the CANS concluded its questions were relevant to natural selection and generally did a good job sampling the specific concepts they were intended to assess. Student interviews confirmed questions on the CANS provided accurate reflections of how students think about natural selection...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856551/scientific-process-flowchart-assessment-spfa-a-method-for-evaluating-changes-in-understanding-and-visualization-of-the-scientific-process-in-a-multidisciplinary-student-population
#15
Kristy J Wilson, Bessie Rigakos
The scientific process is nonlinear, unpredictable, and ongoing. Assessing the nature of science is difficult with methods that rely on Likert-scale or multiple-choice questions. This study evaluated conceptions about the scientific process using student-created visual representations that we term "flowcharts." The methodology, Scientific Process Flowchart Assessment (SPFA), consisted of a prompt and rubric that was designed to assess students' understanding of the scientific process. Forty flowcharts representing a multidisciplinary group without intervention and 26 flowcharts representing pre- and postinstruction were evaluated over five dimensions: connections, experimental design, reasons for doing science, nature of science, and interconnectivity...
2016: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853627/interpretable-decision-sets-a-joint-framework-for-description-and-prediction
#16
Himabindu Lakkaraju, Stephen H Bach, Leskovec Jure
One of the most important obstacles to deploying predictive models is the fact that humans do not understand and trust them. Knowing which variables are important in a model's prediction and how they are combined can be very powerful in helping people understand and trust automatic decision making systems. Here we propose interpretable decision sets, a framework for building predictive models that are highly accurate, yet also highly interpretable. Decision sets are sets of independent if-then rules. Because each rule can be applied independently, decision sets are simple, concise, and easily interpretable...
August 2016: KDD: Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825602/comparison-of-different-material-models-of-articular-cartilage-in-3d-computational-modeling-of-the-knee-data-from-the-osteoarthritis-initiative-oai
#17
Olesya Klets, Mika E Mononen, Petri Tanska, Miika T Nieminen, Rami K Korhonen, Simo Saarakkala
The intricate properties of articular cartilage and the complexity of the loading environment are some of the key challenges in developing models for biomechanical analysis of the knee joint. Fibril-reinforced poroelastic (FRPE) material models have been reported to accurately capture characteristic responses of cartilage during dynamic and static loadings. However, high computational and time costs associated with such advanced models limit applicability of FRPE models when multiple subjects need to be analyzed...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816229/-keys-to-preventing-accidents-in-children-in-the-school-context
#18
M Inés Gabari Gambarte, Raquel Sáenz Mendía
OBJECTIVE: To learn about children's perception of the causes and prevention strategies involved in school accidents. METHOD: The sample included 584 school children aged 8-9 years from Navarra. A mixed design was chosen by questionnaire with three open-response questions and one multiple-choice assessment. Analysis was performed in two phases: 1) qualitative development of categories and dimensions of the responses of narrative content, and 2) quantitative variables for recoding correlational analysis...
November 2, 2016: Gaceta Sanitaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804158/practical-trials-in-medical-education-linking-theory-practice-and-decision-making
#19
Martin G Tolsgaard, Kulamakan M Kulasegaram, Charlotte Ringsted
CONTEXT: Concerns have been raised over the gap between education theory and practice and how research can contribute to inform decision makers on their choices and priorities. Little is known about how educational theories and research outcomes produced under optimal conditions in highly controlled settings generalise to the real-life education context. One way of bridging this gap is applying the concept of practical trials in medical education. In this paper we elaborate on characteristics of practical trials and based on examples from medical education we discuss the challenges, limitations and future directions for this kind of research...
November 1, 2016: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797663/the-implementation-of-patient-reported-outcome-measures-in-yoga-therapy
#20
Alyson Ross, Gurjeet Birdee, Katharine Touchton-Leonard, Margaret Bevans
Yoga therapists are interested in knowing whether their therapeutic interventions are helpful in improving health and wellbeing in their yoga therapy clients. However, few yoga therapists use standardized, reliable, and valid questionnaires to determine the therapeutic effectiveness of their treatments. Patient-reported outcome (PRO) measures are paper or web-based questionnaires used to assess an individual's perceptions of their symptoms and/or quality of life. In 2004, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) launched the PROMIS(®) initiative to standardize and simplify the collection of PROs in research and in clinical practice...
January 2016: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
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