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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046880/improved-diagnosis-of-parkinson-s-disease-from-a-detailed-olfactory-phenotype
#1
Richard C Gerkin, Charles H Adler, Joseph G Hentz, Holly A Shill, Erika Driver-Dunckley, Shyamal H Mehta, Marwan N Sabbagh, John N Caviness, Brittany N Dugger, Geidy Serrano, Christine Belden, Brian H Smith, Lucia Sue, Kathryn J Davis, Edward Zamrini, Thomas G Beach
OBJECTIVE: To assess the predictive potential of the complete response pattern from the University of Pennsylvania Smell Identification Test for the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease. METHODS: We analyzed a large dataset from the Arizona Study of Aging and Neurodegenerative Disorders, a longitudinal clinicopathological study of health and disease in elderly volunteers. Using the complete pattern of responses to all 40 items in each subject's test, we built predictive models of neurodegenerative disease, and we validated these models out of sample by comparing model predictions against postmortem pathological diagnosis...
October 2017: Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045351/awareness-and-implementation-of-the-2014%C3%A2-espghan-naspghan-guideline-for-childhood-functional-constipation
#2
Ilan J N Koppen, M H Vriesman, M M Tabbers, C Di Lorenzo, M A Benninga
OBJECTIVE: To assess if physicians approach children with functional constipation according to the 2014 ESPGHAN/NASPGHAN guideline. METHODS: We invited pediatricians and pediatric gastroenterologists in the Netherlands and the U.S. to participate in this anonymous survey using a self-developed questionnaire containing 19 multiple-choice questions concerning evaluation and treatment of children with constipation. RESULTS: We included 328 physicians (67% from the U...
October 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038830/a-distance-blended-learning-program-to-upgrade-the-clinical-competence-of-district-non-doctor-anesthesia-providers-in-nepal
#3
Shristi Shah, Stephen Knoble, Oliver Ross, Stephen Pickering
BACKGROUND: Across Nepal, anesthesia at a district level is provided mostly by non-doctor anesthesia providers (anesthesia assistants-AAs). Nepal's Government recognized the need to sustain competence with continuous professional development and to upgrade 6-month trained working AAs to professional equivalence with the new national standard of 12-month training. As they are essential district health workers and AA clinical training sites are full, an innovative distance blended learning, competency-based, upgrade 1-year course was developed and conducted in 2014-2017 for two batches...
October 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016659/effectiveness-of-longitudinal-faculty-development-programs-on-mcqs-items-writing-skills-a-follow-up-study
#4
Hamza Mohammad Abdulghani, Mohammad Irshad, Shafiul Haque, Tauseef Ahmad, Kamran Sattar, Mahmoud Salah Khalil
This study examines the long-term impact of the faculty development programs on the multiple choice question (MCQ) items' quality leading to study its effect on the students' overall competency level during their yearly academic assessment. A series of longitudinal highly constructed faculty development workshops were conducted to improve the quality of the MCQs items writing skills. A total of 2207 MCQs were constructed by 58 participants for the assessment of 882 students' cognitive competency level during the academic years 2012-2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994322/viewpoints-of-parents-and-nurses-on-how-to-design-products-to-enhance-parent-infant-bonding-at-neonatal-intensive-care-units-a-qualitative-study-based-on-existing-designs
#5
Laura Schrauwen, Deedee R Kommers, Sidarto Bambang Oetomo
AIM: To investigate how product design can be used to improve parent-infant bonding in a neonatal intensive care unit. BACKGROUND: Impaired parent-infant bonding is an inevitable consequence of premature birth, which negatively influences development. Products, systems, or services that support the bonding process might counter these negative influences. METHOD: The first step was to trace existing products by performing a literature search in PubMed, the university library, and Google...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991815/gap-between-clinical-practice-and-guidelines-a-national-survey-of-the-knowledge-of-recommended-heart-failure-guidelines-among-chinese-physicians
#6
Tianyi Gan, Yuhui Zhang, Nini Liu, Yuhui Huang, Tuo Liang, Xuemei Zhao, Jian Zhang
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the current level of knowledge of Chinese heart failure (HF) guidelines among physicians, as a reference for the promotion and transformation of HF knowledge. METHODS AND RESULTS: Physicians from 88 hospitals in 27 provinces of China completed our survey between July and December 2014. The questions covered the main points included in the Chinese HF diagnosis and treatment guidelines (2014). A total of 2146 physicians, aged 20 to 62 years (35...
October 2017: Quality Management in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990138/a-survey-of-protocols-and-trends-in-orthodontic-retention
#7
Alvyda Andriekute, Arunas Vasiliauskas, Antanas Sidlauskas
BACKGROUND: The objectives of this study were to evaluate retention procedures and protocols which are used by the orthodontists in Lithuania and to identify commonly used types of dental retainers. METHODS: One hundred seven questionnaires in total with 28 multiple-choice questions were sent to all members of the Lithuanian Orthodontic Society. The questionnaire was organized into eight sections representing specific information about socio-demographic status of the respondents, selection of a retention system, details of commonly used fixed and removable retainers, the duration of the retention period, supervision of the retainers, instructions for patients, and necessity of common retention guidelines...
October 9, 2017: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987006/effects-of-assortative-mate-choice-on-the-genomic-and-morphological-structure-of-a-hybrid-zone-between-two-bird-subspecies
#8
Georgy A Semenov, Elizabeth S C Scordato, David R Khaydarov, Chris C R Smith, Nolan C Kane, Rebecca J Safran
Phenotypic differentiation plays an important role in the formation and maintenance of reproductive barriers. In some cases, variation in a few key aspects of phenotype can promote and maintain divergence; hence the identification of these traits and their associations with patterns of genomic divergence are crucial for understanding the patterns and processes of population differentiation. We studied hybridization between the alba and personata subspecies of the white wagtail (Motacilla alba), and quantified divergence and introgression of multiple morphological traits and 19,437 SNP loci on a 3000 km transect...
October 7, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984431/what-do-we-know-about-alara-is-our-knowledge-sufficient-about-radiation-safety
#9
Ibrahim B Atci, Hakan Yilmaz, Veysel Antar, Nuriye G Ozdemir, Oguz Baran, Sila Sadillioglu, Mehmet Ozel, Okan Turk, Mehmet Yaman, Hakan Topacoglu
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge of neurosurgeons and emergency physicians about ALARA (as low as reasonably achievable) and to gain awareness to them about this topic. METHODS: A multiple-choice survey comprising 17 questions was performed to 30 neurosurgeons and 70 emergency room doctors. RESULTS: Emergency medicine doctors, neurosurgeons, emergency medicine residents, neurosurgery residents and general practitioners participated in the survey...
December 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979756/the-knowledge-of-hand-hygiene-among-the-healthcare-workers-of-two-teaching-hospitals-in-mashhad
#10
Hosein Zakeri, Fatemeh Ahmadi, Ehsan Rafeemanesh, Lahya Afshari Saleh
INTRODUCTION: Healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) affect millions of patients worldwide annually. Hand hygiene (HH) has been identified as the single most important factor preventing HAIs. The aim of this study was to determine the knowledge regarding hand hygiene practices amongst health care workers, and identifying the areas of gaps in their knowledge. METHODS: This cross-sectional analytic study was conducted in two university hospitals in Mashhad, Iran between May 2014 and September 2015...
August 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978519/evaluation-of-chest-ultrasound-integrated-teaching-of-respiratory-system-physiology-to-medical-students
#11
Matteo Paganini, Michela Bondì, Alessandro Rubini
Ultrasound imaging is a widely used diagnostic technique, whose integration in medical education is constantly growing. The aim of this study was to evaluate chest ultrasound usefulness in teaching respiratory system physiology, students' perception of chest ultrasound integration into a traditional lecture in human physiology, and short-term concept retention. A lecture about respiratory physiology was integrated with ultrasound and delivered to third-year medical students. It included basic concepts of ultrasound imaging and the physiology of four anatomic sectors of the body of a male volunteer, shown with a portable ultrasound device (pleural sliding, diaphragmatic movement, inferior vena cava diameter variations, cardiac movements)...
December 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976241/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-eye-care-workers-and-health-administrators-regarding-task-sharing-in-screening-and-detection-for-management-of-diabetic-retinopathy-in-pakistan
#12
Mufarriq Shah, Ayesha Noor, Gail M Ormsby, Rahul Chakrabarti, C Alex Harper, Fakir Amirul Islam, Jill Keeffe
PURPOSE: The shortage of ophthalmologists in many countries is a major barrier to timely provision of eye care. A team work approach to screen, detect and manage diabetic retinopathy (DR) could achieve greater screening coverage of people with diabetes to prevent vision loss. This study aimed to assess the attitudes and perceptions of eye care workers and health administrators regarding task sharing for management of DR. METHODS: Using purposive sampling, 121 eye and health care workers in five selected hospitals in two provinces in Pakistan were recruited...
October 4, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975071/an-assessment-of-intubation-skill-training-in-novice-anesthesiology-residents-of-tehran-university-of-medical-sciences-with-the-use-of-mannequins
#13
Farhad Etezadi, Atabak Najafi, Pejman Pourfakhr, Reza Shariat Moharari, Mohammad Reza Khajavi, Farsad Imani, Gilda Barzin
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of intubation skill training involving the use of mannequins on novice anesthesiology residents in a knowledge, attitudes, and practices designed study in which three different types of evaluation were implemented. METHODS: All first-year anesthesiology residents (24) of Sina Hospital, affiliated to the Tehran University of Medical Sciences, were invited to participate in an intubating skills training course...
December 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970673/effectiveness-of-team-based-learning-methodology-in-teaching-transfusion-medicine-to-medical-undergraduates-in-third-semester-a-comparative-study
#14
Neena Piyush Doshi
BACKGROUND: Team-based learning (TBL) combines small and large group learning by incorporating multiple small groups in a large group setting. It is a teacher-directed method that encourages student-student interaction. This study compares student learning and teaching satisfaction between conventional lecture and TBL in the subject of pathology. AIMS: The present study is aimed to assess the effectiveness of TBL method of teaching over the conventional lecture...
July 2017: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967782/visual-regulation-of-gait-zeroing-in-on-a-solution-to-the-complex-terrain-problem
#15
Sean L Barton, Jonathan S Matthis, Brett R Fajen
We examine the theoretical understanding of visual gait regulation that has emerged from decades of research since the publication of Lee, Lishman, and Thompson's (1982) classic study of elite long jumpers. The first round of research identified specific informational variables, parameters of the action system, and laws of control that capture the coupling of perception and action in this context, but left unanswered important questions about why visual information is sampled in an intermittent manner and how the strategies that actors adopt ensure stability and energetic efficiency...
October 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967198/near-peer-question-writing-and-teaching-programme
#16
Omar Musbahi, Fuzail Nawab, Nishat I Dewan, Alexander J Hoffer, James Fcc Ung, Muhammed Talha Suleman
BACKGROUND: Near-peer assisted learning (NPAL) is an increasingly important tool in medical education; however, although numerous published papers discuss its merits, the evidence on the effectiveness and student perception of NPAL is limited. We describe a novel near-peer question writing and teaching programme to assess whether it improves the confidence of first-year medical students for their first In-Course Assessment (ICA) in medical school. The evidence on the effectiveness and student perception of NPAL is limited METHODS: A team of medical students designed a question development procedure and a structured teaching programme...
October 2, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960370/novel-use-of-ultrasound-to-teach-reproductive-system-physical-examination-skills-and-pelvic-anatomy
#17
Tejal Parikh, Maria Czuzak, Naomi Bui, Corinna Wildner, Bryna Koch, Elizabeth Leko, William Rappaport, Srikar Adhikari, Paul Gordon, Mike Gura, Susan Ellis
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether integration of ultrasound (US) into a reproductive system examination clinical skills lab can increase confidence in palpating key reproductive structures during testicular and bimanual pelvic examinations, reduce anxiety about conducting testicular and bimanual pelvic examinations, and improve performance on multiple-choice questions based on structure identification using US images. METHODS: Second-year medical students enrolled in the Life Cycle preclinical course participated in this cross-sectional study...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953813/survey-on-the-knowledge-and-expectations-of-psychiatry-of-intellectual-disability-id-in-junior-doctors-joining-a-nhs-mental-health-trust
#18
Madhusudan Deepak Thalitaya, Claire Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Nationally, there is a drive to rotate more Foundation and GP Trainee Doctors through Psychiatry posts. In East London Foundation Trust (ELFT) in Bedfordshire, doctors from Core Psychiatry, Foundation and GP training programmes come to train in Psychiatry. Many will not have worked in Psychiatry before and have little experience of patients with ID. The prevalence of people with ID is increasing with improved life expectancy. They are a complex and vulnerable group with considerable wider legal, ethical and social issues...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952058/awareness-and-knowledge-of-radiation-dose-and-associated-risks-among-final-year-medical-students-in-norway
#19
Sundaran Kada
OBJECTIVES: The objective was to assess the knowledge of radiation dose and of the associated risks with ionising imaging examinations of medical students in their final year of training prior to graduating. METHODS: An online questionnaire was sent to all final year medical students from two universities. The questionnaire consisted of radiation dose and risk related questions, with multiple choices, only one of these choices was the correct answer. A 'correct' answer was given one mark and no mark was given for 'incorrect/do not know' answers...
September 26, 2017: Insights Into Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949080/everyday-task-knowledge-and-everyday-function-in-dementia
#20
Emily E Roll, Tania Giovannetti, David J Libon, Joel Eppig
Tests of everyday action semantics were developed and piloted in a group of healthy adults (n = 53) and then administered to individuals with Alzheimer's disease (AD; n = 17) or Parkinson's disease dementia (PDD; n = 20). Relations between everyday action knowledge and everyday function were explored. Three action semantic tests were developed: Probe Test - 45 forced-choice questions regarding task sequences, objects, and steps; Picture Sequencing Test - sequential ordering of 4-5 cards depicting task steps; Script Test - open-ended verbal description of the steps required to complete everyday tasks...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Neuropsychology
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