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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818161/using-mind-maps-to-improve-medical-student-performance-in-a-pharmacology-course-at-kunming-medical-university
#1
Guo Ying, Xie Jianping, Luo Haiyun, Li Xia, Yang Jianyu, Xuan Qun, Yu Jianyun
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether students using mind maps would improve their performance in a final examination at the end of lecture-based pharmacology course. STUDY DESIGN: Aquasi-experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Kunming Medical University, from September 2014 to January 2015. METHODOLOGY: One hundred and twenty-two (122) third year undergraduate medical students, starting a 48-hour lecturebased pharmacology course, volunteered to use mind maps as one of their study strategies (intervention group), while the remaining 100 students in the class continued to use their usual study strategies (control group) over the duration of the course...
July 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814941/a-survey-on-the-perception-of-allergy-specialists-about-the-reimbursed-grass-pollen-tablets-for-seasonal-allergic-rhinitis-in-italy
#2
Ilaria Massaro, Oliviero Rossi, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Carlo Lombardi
BACKGROUND: Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is a feasible option to classical subcutaneous immunotherapy to treat respiratory allergy and is increasingly prescribed in Europe. However, the lack of reimbursement may limit its prescription. In 2015, the 5-grass pollen tablets was authorized by the European Medicine Agency to treat grass-pollen induced rhinitis and was approved in Italy for full reimbursement. We evaluated the opinions of allergy specialists after the availability of the reimbursed 5-grass pollen tablets...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808077/gps-knowledge-use-and-confidence-in-national-physical-activity-and-health-guidelines-and-tools-a-questionnaire-based-survey-of-general-practice-in-england
#3
Robin Chatterjee, Tim Chapman, Mike Gt Brannan, Justin Varney
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) brief advice in health care is effective at getting individuals active. It has been suggested that one in four people would be more active if advised by a GP or nurse, but as many as 72% of GPs do not discuss the benefits of physical activity with patients. AIM: To assess the knowledge, use, and confidence in national PA and Chief Medical Officer (CMO) health guidelines and tools among GPs in England. DESIGN AND SETTING: Online questionnaire-based survey of selfselecting GPs in England that took place over a 10-day period in March 2016...
August 14, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799435/sure-or-unsure-measuring-students-confidence-and-the-potential-impact-on-patient-safety-in-multiple-choice-questions
#4
Rafael Henrique Rangel, Leona Möller, Helmut Sitter, Tina Stibane, Adam Strzelczyk
BACKGROUND: Multiple-choice questions (MCQs) provide useful information about correct and incorrect answers, but they do not offer information about students' confidence. METHODS: Ninety and another 81 medical students participated each in a curricular neurology multiple-choice exam and indicated their confidence for every single MCQ. Each MCQ had a defined level of potential clinical impact on patient safety (uncritical, risky, harmful). Our first objective was to detect informed (IF), guessed (GU), misinformed (MI), and uninformed (UI) answers...
August 11, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776145/factors-associated-with-grade-appeals-a-survey-of-psychiatry-clerkship-directors
#5
Lia A Thomas, Nathaniel Milburn, Abigail Kay, Erica Hatch
PURPOSE: In an effort to provide medical students with opportunities for accurate grading, some psychiatry clerkship directors allow for grade appeals. The authors examined the appeals process from the clerkship directors' perspective. METHODS: A 23-item survey, consisting of multiple choice and narrative questions, was sent to allopathic and osteopathic accredited schools in North America. Questions included information about the medical school, the clerkship director, and the grade appeal processes...
August 3, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774963/integrating-palliative-care-into-neurology-services-what-do-the-professionals-say
#6
Nilay Hepgul, Wei Gao, Catherine J Evans, Diana Jackson, Liesbeth M van Vliet, Anthony Byrne, Vincent Crosby, Karen E Groves, Fiona Lindsay, Irene J Higginson
OBJECTIVES: Evaluations of new services for palliative care in non-cancer conditions are few. OPTCARE Neuro is a multicentre trial evaluating the effectiveness of short-term integrated palliative care (SIPC) for progressive long-term neurological conditions. Here, we present survey results describing the current levels of collaboration between neurology and palliative care services and exploring the views of professionals towards the new SIPC service. METHODS: Neurology and palliative care teams from six UK trial sites (London, Nottingham, Liverpool, Cardiff, Brighton and Chertsey) were approached via email to complete an online survey...
August 3, 2017: BMJ Supportive & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771876/i-was-yelled-at-intimidated-and-treated-unfairly-nursing-students-experiences-of-being-bullied-in-clinical-and-academic-settings
#7
Helen Courtney-Pratt, Jacqueline Pich, Tracy Levett-Jones, Annette Moxey
AIM: To present findings from a study that explored nursing students' experiences of bullying in clinical and academic settings, the strategies used to negotiate bullying, and recommendations for empowering future students. BACKGROUND: Nursing students are identified as a group who are at particular risk of bullying. Numerous studies have examined students' experiences of bullying in clinical contexts by qualified nurses, however, there has been far less attention to the bullying that occurs in academic settings where the perpetrators are university staff and other students...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765439/will-a-short-training-session-improve-multiple-choice-item-writing-quality-by-dental-school-faculty-a-pilot-study
#8
Mark A Dellinges, Donald A Curtis
Faculty members are expected to write high-quality multiple-choice questions (MCQs) in order to accurately assess dental students' achievement. However, most dental school faculty members are not trained to write MCQs. Extensive faculty development programs have been used to help educators write better test items. The aim of this pilot study was to determine if a short workshop would result in improved MCQ item-writing by dental school faculty at one U.S. dental school. A total of 24 dental school faculty members who had previously written MCQs were randomized into a no-intervention group and an intervention group in 2015...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762989/investigational-overview-of-supervised-clinical-practice-experiences
#9
Bobbie Morici, Paul D Bradford, Joseph Leese
PURPOSE: While the Accreditation Review Commission on Education for the Physician Assistant (ARC-PA) provides standards, there is variation allowed in design and implementation of supervised clinical practice experiences (SCPEs). Limited research has assessed for a correlation between SCPE design and program outcomes, including PANCE "First-Time Taker Pass Rate." The objective of this research is to evaluate for trends and best practices in clinical education design, as well as any correlation to PANCE pass rate...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Physician Assistant Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761386/effectiveness-of-teaching-facial-anatomy-through-cadaver-dissection-on-aesthetic-physicians-knowledge
#10
Narendra Kumar, Eqram Rahman
BACKGROUND: Cadaver dissection for anatomy training provides an opportunity to understand the precise nature of human tissues with their clinical and structural relationships. This study assessed the effectiveness of this practical educational intervention for teaching applied facial anatomy on the knowledge and confidence of aesthetic physicians. METHODS AND MATERIALS: A total of 168 aesthetic physicians underwent facial applied anatomy training for 2 days at The Academia, Singapore...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760450/achieving-optimal-welfare-for-the-nile-hippopotamus-hippopotamus-amphibius-in-north-american-zoos-and-aquariums
#11
Kaylin S Tennant, Valerie D Segura, Megan C Morris, Kristen Denninger Snyder, David Bocian, Dan Maloney, Terry L Maple
Compared to other megafauna managed in zoos and aquariums, the current state of welfare for the Nile hippopotamus (Hippopotamus amphibius) is poorly understood. Complex behavior and physiological characteristics make hippos a difficult species to manage. Thus, hippos in managed care are currently at risk for a decreased state of welfare. In an effort to assess and improve conditions for this species, a survey was administered to North American institutions housing Nile hippos. This assessment utilized a multiple-choice format and consisted of questions relating to group structure, behavior, and exhibit design, allowing for the creation of cross-institutional, welfare-based analysis...
July 28, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759606/spaced-education-in-medical-residents-an-electronic-intervention-to-improve-competency-and-retention-of-medical-knowledge
#12
Jason Matos, Camille R Petri, Kenneth J Mukamal, Anita Vanka
BACKGROUND: Spaced education is a novel method that improves medical education through online repetition of core principles often paired with multiple-choice questions. This model is a proven teaching tool for medical students, but its effect on resident learning is less established. We hypothesized that repetition of key clinical concepts in a "Clinical Pearls" format would improve knowledge retention in medical residents. METHODS: This study investigated spaced education with particular emphasis on using a novel, email-based reinforcement program, and a randomized, self-matched design, in which residents were quizzed on medical knowledge that was either reinforced or not with electronically-administered spaced education...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758233/exploring-examinee-behaviours-as-validity-evidence-for-multiple-choice-question-examinations
#13
Luke T Surry, Dario Torre, Steven J Durning
CONTEXT: Clinical-vignette multiple choice question (MCQ) examinations are used widely in medical education. Standardised MCQ examinations are used by licensure and certification bodies to award credentials that are meant to assure stakeholders as to the quality of physicians. Such uses are based on the interpretation of MCQ examination performance as giving meaningful information about the quality of clinical reasoning. There are several assumptions foundational to these interpretations and uses of standardised MCQ examinations...
July 31, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743693/can-facebook-pages-be-a-mode-of-blended-learning-to-supplement-in-class-teaching-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Khurshid Anwar, Muhammad Raihan Sajid, Peter Cahusac, Abdul Ahad Shaikh, Ahmad Elgammal, Ahlam Alshedoukhy, Junaid Kashir
The aim of this study was to examine the potential of a self-designed Facebook page on Neuroscience, to supplement in-class teaching as a mode of blended learning. Posts were split into multiple choice questions (MCQs), general interest articles, neuroscience-related external links and resources, and lecture notes and PowerPoint presentations. The study was divided into three distinct phases: before, during, and after the Neuroscience block. Student responses were evaluated via a self-developed questionnaire...
September 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743483/are-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-informed-about-their-risk-for-infective-endocarditis-and-treated-in-accordance-to-current-guidelines
#15
Ulrike M M Bauer, Paul C Helm, Gerhard-Paul Diller, Boulos Asfour, Christian Schlensak, Katharina Schmitt, Peter Ewert, Oktay Tutarel
BACKGROUND: Adults with congenital heart disease (ACHD) have an increased risk for infective endocarditis (IE). In the last decade, the recommendations for IE prophylaxis have changed substantially. The knowledge level of patients about IE and IE prophylaxis has not been studied. METHODS: Patients recruited via the German National Register for Congenital Heart Defects were invited to an online survey about IE. Patients were divided into two groups based on ESC guidelines: high IE risk (antibiotic prophylaxis recommended) and low IE risk (prophylaxis not recommended)...
July 15, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743319/nationwide-survey-on-current-management-strategies-of-toddler-s-fractures
#16
Jade Seguin, Daniel Brody, Patricia Li
BACKGROUND: Tibial fractures are common in children less than 3 years old. The traditional management involves immobilization in an above knee cast for both confirmed (positive x-ray) and presumed (normal x-ray) toddler's fractures. This carries health care implications and causes unnecessary burden for patients and their families. There is a paucity of literature describing the ideal immobilization strategy for this injury. OBJECTIVES: To determine: 1) the variation between Canadian emergency departments in management of toddler's fractures; 2) the variation in management between confirmed and presumed toddler's fractures; 3) the association between demographic variables and immobilization strategies...
July 26, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742270/malignancy-screening-in-autoimmune-myositis-amongst-australian-rheumatologists
#17
Katherine Dutton, Muriel Soden
BACKGROUND: The international literature advocates for cancer screening in newly diagnosed patients with autoimmune myositis; however there is no widely-accepted consensus or guideline to outline the optimal cancer screening strategy and the evidence is currently insufficient to support any recommendation. AIMS: Our study aimed to establish the current trends in practice in malignancy screening in autoimmune myositis amongst Australian Rheumatologists. METHODS: All Rheumatologists who were full members of the Australian Rheumatology Association in 2016 (386) were invited to complete an online questionnaire...
July 25, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736971/attitudes-of-greek-dentists-towards-repair-of-conservative-restorations-an-online-survey
#18
Antoniadou Maria, Paximada Charikleia, Lagouvardos Panagiotis
OBJECTIVES: Repair versus replacement of a defective direct restoration is one important step for conserving tooth structure. This study was designed to collect information on the attitudes of Greek dentists towards repairing direct restorations. METHODS: An electronic questionnaire with 16 multiple-choice and rank-ordering questions was created online and its URL address was randomly emailed to 800 dentists in the area of Athens, Greece. The questionnaire remained open for 3 months, and after two reminder emails the data collected were analysed statistically to identify differences between clinician's sex or years of practicing dentistry, using the chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests at α = 0...
July 23, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736678/rapid-assessment-zika-virus-knowledge-among-clinical-specialists-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-survey
#19
Chee F Yung, Clarence C Tam, Victor S Rajadurai, Jerry Ky Chan, Mabel Sf Low, Yong H Ng, Koh C Thoon, Lay K Tan
INTRODUCTION: We report the results of a rapid assessment of Zika virus awareness among key clinical specialties in Singapore. METHODS: Between June 6 and June 19, 2016 we conducted an online survey of doctors working in obstetrics and gynaecology, neonatology and paediatrics in Singapore. The survey included 15 multiple choice questions to measure respondents' knowledge of Zika virus in four domains covering clinical and public health. RESULTS: A total of 110 survey responses (15% response rate) were obtained, 82% of respondents worked in the public sector...
May 3, 2017: PLoS Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734995/senior-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery-resident-confidence-in-performing-invasive-temporomandibular-joint-procedures
#20
Mohmedvasim Momin, Michael Miloro, Louis G Mercuri, Alexander Munaretto, Michael R Markiewicz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the level of confidence that senior-level oral and maxillofacial surgery (OMS) residents have in the management of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders, determine their exposure to various invasive TMJ procedures during training, and assess their confidence in performing those procedures on completion of residency. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was designed, and a link to a University of Illinois at Chicago Qualtrics Survey platform (Qualtrics, Provo, UT) was e-mailed to all program directors at Commission on Dental Accreditation-accredited OMS training programs in the United States...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
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