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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450968/knowledge-about-traumatic-dental-injuries-in-the-permanent-dentition-a-survey-of-lithuanian-dentists
#1
Vaida Zaleckienė, Vytautė Pečiulienė, Vilma Brukienė, Audronė Jakaitienė, Jolanta Aleksejūnienė, Linas Zaleckas
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In Lithuania, dental trauma cases are also treated by general dentists but it is unknown whether their age, self-evaluation of trauma knowledge and practice location can predict their actual knowledge and management of trauma cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether these factors can be used to predict the actual knowledge and management of trauma cases. METHODS: A two-part questionnaire included 17 multiple-choice questions about practitioners' demographics, their self-evaluated knowledge, and how frequently they treated traumatized permanent teeth as well as 13 clinical scenarios reflecting a variety of clinical trauma cases and their complications...
February 16, 2018: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439943/cognitive-style-and-mobile-e-learning-in-emergent-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-disorders-for-millennial-undergraduate-medical-students-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Li-Ang Lee, Yi-Ping Chao, Chung-Guei Huang, Ji-Tseng Fang, Shu-Ling Wang, Cheng-Keng Chuang, Chung-Jan Kang, Li-Jen Hsin, Wan-Ni Lin, Tuan-Jen Fang, Hsueh-Yu Li
BACKGROUND: Electronic learning (e-learning) through mobile technology represents a novel way to teach emergent otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) disorders to undergraduate medical students. Whether a cognitive style of education combined with learning modules can impact learning outcomes and satisfaction in millennial medical students is unknown. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of cognitive styles and learning modules using mobile e-learning on knowledge gain, competence gain, and satisfaction for emergent ORL-HNS disorders...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437542/quality-of-life-questionnaires-in-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema-patients-review-of-the-literature
#3
Anouk J M Cornelissen, Melissa Kool, Xavier H A Keuter, Esther M Heuts, Andrzej A Piatkowski de Grzymala, René R W J van der Hulst, Shan Shan Qiu
PURPOSE: Lymphedema of the arm is one of the most common and underestimated side effects of breast cancer treatment. It is known to negatively affect the quality of life (QoL) in breast cancer survivors. However, there are multiple questionnaires used to measure QoL in lymphedema patients. The current study aimed to determine the most complete and accurate questionnaire. METHODS: A systematic literature search in Cochrane Library database CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and EMBASE was conducted in August 2016 by two independent researchers...
February 13, 2018: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428360/adolescent-testicular-microlithiasis-a-case-based-multinational-survey-of-clinical-management-practices
#4
Katie E Brodie, Amanda F Saltzman, Nicholas G Cost
INTRODUCTION: Testicular microlithiasis (TM) is a condition characterized by calcium deposits within the testis, usually detected incidentally during ultrasonography of the scrotum. TM has been associated with the presence of, and possibly the development of, testicular malignancy. Our aim was to document international clinical management practices for TM and to analyze what factors and perception of risk influence conservative versus active management and follow-up. METHODS: European Society for Paediatric Urology (ESPU) and Society for Pediatric Urology (SPU) members were invited to complete an online case-based survey of clinical management practices of TM...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424650/factors-associated-with-burnout-among-us-neurosurgery-residents-a-nationwide-survey
#5
Frank J Attenello, Ian A Buchanan, Timothy Wen, Daniel A Donoho, Shirley McCartney, Steven Y Cen, Alexander A Khalessi, Aaron A Cohen-Gadol, Joseph S Cheng, William J Mack, Clemens M Schirmer, Karin R Swartz, J Adair Prall, Ann R Stroink, Steven L Giannotta, Paul Klimo
OBJECTIVE Excessive dissatisfaction and stress among physicians can precipitate burnout, which results in diminished productivity, quality of care, and patient satisfaction and treatment adherence. Given the multiplicity of its harms and detriments to workforce retention and in light of the growing physician shortage, burnout has garnered much attention in recent years. Using a national survey, the authors formally evaluated burnout among neurosurgery trainees. METHODS An 86-item questionnaire was disseminated to residents in the American Association of Neurological Surgeons database between June and November 2015...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423825/non-operative-treatment-of-appendicitis-public-perception-and-decision-making
#6
Emer P O'Connell, Annmarie White, Paul Cromwell, Emma Carroll, Waqar Khan, Ronan Waldron, Iqbal Z Khan, Kevin Barry
BACKGROUND: Appendectomy has for many years been the accepted treatment of appendicitis. In recent years, non-operative management of appendicitis (NOTA) has been reported as an effective treatment option. AIMS: We aimed to assess the perspectives of public hospital attendees regarding the diagnosis and treatment options for appendicitis. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of outpatients over a 10-week period (December 2016-March 2017)...
February 8, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423559/mind-the-gap-results-of-a-multispecialty-survey-on-coordination-of-care-for-peri-procedural-anticoagulation
#7
Jacob E Kurlander, Geoffrey D Barnes, Michelle A Anderson, Brian Haymart, Eva Kline-Rogers, Scott Kaatz, Sameer D Saini, Sarah L Krein, Caroline R Richardson, James B Froehlich
To understand how physicians from various specialties perceive coordination of care when managing peri-procedural anticoagulation. Cross-sectional survey of cardiologists, gastroenterologists, and primary care physicians (PCPs) in an integrated health system (N = 251). The survey began with a vignette of a patient with atrial fibrillation co-managed by his PCP, cardiologist, and an anticoagulation clinic who must hold warfarin for a colonoscopy. Respondents' experiences and opinions around responsibilities and institutional support for managing peri-procedural anticoagulation were elicited using multiple choice questions...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421222/shy-herbivores-forage-more-efficiently-than-bold-ones-regardless-of-information-processing-overload
#8
Ming Kai Tan, Chia-Chen Chang, Hugh T W Tan
The neural constraint hypothesis is central to understanding decision-making by foraging herbivorous insects which make decisions less efficiently when they face multiple choices for numerous resource types and/or at high densities instead of a fewer choices. Previous studies have also shown the relationship between personality type and decision-making style. How personality types correlate with foraging efficiency among herbivores is however largely untested. To answer this question, we used a widespread, polyphagous, floriphilic katydid, Phaneroptera brevis (Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae) and two naturalised, Asteraceae, food plants, Biden pilosa and Sphagneticola trilobata, as model systems...
February 5, 2018: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420329/the-prevalence-of-multiple-choice-testing-in-registered-nurse-licensure-qualifying-nursing-education-programs-in-new-york-state
#9
Susan Birkhead, Glenda Kelman, Barbara Zittel, Linnea Jatulis
AIM: The aim of this study was to describe nurse educators' use of multiple-choice questions (MCQs) in testing in registered nurse licensure-qualifying nursing education programs in New York State. METHOD: This study was a descriptive correlational analysis of data obtained from surveying 1,559 nurse educators; 297 educators from 61 institutions responded (response rate [RR] = 19 percent), yielding a final cohort of 200. RESULTS: MCQs were reported to comprise a mean of 81 percent of questions on a typical test...
February 7, 2018: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29419913/variation-in-the-diagnosis-and-clinical-management-of-lentigo-maligna-across-europe-a-survey-study-among-eadv-members
#10
D Tio, C A C Prinsen, B Dréno, R Hoekzema, M Augustin, C van Montfrans
BACKGROUND: Lentigo maligna (LM), a form of melanoma in situ, is treated to prevent progression to lentigo maligna melanoma (LMM). Surgical treatment is the gold standard. However, treatment guidelines are based on expert opinion and comparative studies are lacking. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the diagnostic methods and clinical management of LM patients among European dermatologists and residents. METHODS: A survey consisting of 29 questions about diagnostic methods and treatment options used for LM patients was sent to 3308 members of the European association of Dermatologists and Venereologists (EADV)...
February 8, 2018: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416455/fluid-choice-during-perioperative-care-in-children-a-survey-of-present-day-proposing-practice-by-anesthesiologists-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital
#11
Muhammad Faisal Khan, Khalid Maudood Siddiqui, Muhammad Ali Asghar
Background: Perioperative fluid therapy in pediatrics has always been a challenging avenue for anesthesiologists. Inappropriate choice of fluid leads to multiple side effects, for instance iatrogenic hyponatremia. Our aim was to observe the current practice of perioperative fluid therapy in pediatric population undergoing surgery in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: After obtaining approval from the Departmental Research Review Committee, a survey form including questions was emailed to anesthesiologists from January 2015 to June 2015...
January 2018: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415805/continuous-assessment-of-volunteers-satisfaction-in-clinical-research-through-simplified-questionnaires
#12
Hélène Pluchart, Olivier Gaget, Claire Cracowski, Adeline Paris, Jean-Luc Cracowski
OBJECTIVES: In our clinical research center, a 27 multiple-choice and 3 verbatim questions satisfaction questionnaire has been used since 2008 in order to assess the satisfaction of the volunteers participating in our studies. In this work, we aimed at reducing the number of questions of this cumbersome questionnaire while exploring the same dimensions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used k-mean and hierarchical clustering to determine which questions provided the same information or, on the contrary, which questions were able to discriminate a satisfied volunteer from an unsatisfied volunteer...
January 6, 2018: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410729/patient-knowledge-of-sunscreen-guidelines-and-frequency-of-physician-counseling-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Brooke E Vasicek, Susanna M Szpunar, Lisa A Manz-Dulac
Background: Skin cancer and photodamage are problems commonly addressed by dermatologists. Despite the opportunities for chemoprevention with broad-spectrum sunscreen, there is little research investigating patient knowledge of proper sunscreen guidelines, or patient perception of physician counseling. Objective: The author sought to determine patient knowledge of the American Academy of Dermatology guidelines for proper sunscreen use and to obtain patient-reported rates of physician counseling regarding sunscreen...
January 2018: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406778/the-first-year-of-global-cleft-surgery-education-through-digital-simulation-a-proof-of-concept
#14
Natalie M Plana, J Rodrigo Diaz-Siso, Derek M Culnan, Court B Cutting, Roberto L Flores
INTRODUCTION: Parallel to worldwide disparities in patient access to health care, the operative opportunities of surgical trainees are increasingly restricted across the globe. Efforts have been directed toward enhancing surgical education outside the operating room and reducing the wide variability in global trainee operative experience. However, high costs and other logistical concerns may limit the reproducibility and sustainability of nonoperative surgical education resources. METHODS: A partnership between the academic, nonprofit, and industry sectors resulted in the development of an online virtual surgical simulator for cleft repair...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406175/competency-based-assessment-tools-for-regional-anaesthesia-a-narrative-review
#15
REVIEW
A Chuan, A S Wan, C F Royse, K Forrest
Competency-based assessment tools are used in regional anaesthesia to measure the performance of study participants, trainees, and consultants. This narrative review was performed to appraise currently published assessment tools for regional anaesthesia. A literature search found 397 citations of which 28 peer-reviewed studies met the inclusion criteria of primary psychometric evaluation of assessment tools for regional anaesthesia. The included studies were diverse in the type of assessment and the skill set being assessed...
February 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402627/survey-of-postoperative-regional-analgesia-for-thoracoscopic-surgeries-in-canada
#16
Harsha Shanthanna, Peter Moisuik, Turlough O'Hare, Sadeesh Srinathan, Christian Finley, James Paul, Peter Slinger
OBJECTIVES: To determine the preferences and perceptions regarding analgesic options for video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) among thoracic anesthesiologists in Canada. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey of thoracic anesthesiologists with 30 multiple choice questions was e-mailed through an online survey tool called FluidSurveys was performed to members of the Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society. SETTING: A nationwide survey. PARTICIPANTS: Members of Canadian Anesthesiologists' Society who provide thoracic anesthesia INTERVENTIONS: None...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401332/augmenting-fellow-education-through-spaced-multiple-choice-questions
#17
Alice E Barsoumian, Heather C Yun
Background: The San Antonio Uniformed Services Health Education Consortium Infectious Disease Fellowship program historically included a monthly short-answer and multiple-choice quiz. The intent was to ensure medical knowledge in relevant content areas that may not be addressed through clinical rotations, such as operationally relevant infectious disease. After completion, it was discussed in a small group with faculty. Over time, faculty noted increasing dissatisfaction with the activity...
January 1, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399428/comparison-of-live-versus-online-instruction-of-a-novel-soft-skills-course-in-mongolia
#18
Aditya Mahadevan, Matthew C Strehlow, Khandregzen Dorjsuren, Jennifer A Newberry
Background Soft skills are essential for employee success in the global marketplace; however, many developing countries lack content experts to provide the requisite instruction to an emerging workforce. One possible solution is to use an online, open-access curriculum. To date, no studies on soft skills curricula using an online learning platform have been undertaken in Mongolia. Objective To evaluate the efficacy of an online versus classroom platform to deliver a novel soft skills course in Mongolia. Methods A series of eight lectures along with corresponding surveys and multiple choice question tests were developed and translated into the Mongolian language...
November 30, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398784/reconstruction-of-acquired-ischiatic-and-perineal-defects-an-anatomical-and-clinical-comparison-between-gluteal-thigh-and-inferior-gluteal-perforator-flaps
#19
Eduardo Montag, Thiago Ueda, Alberto Okada, Bruno Onishi, Rolf Gemperli
Background: Flap coverage is the gold standard in treating pressure sores, and due to the high recurrence rate, the possibility of multiple surgical procedures should be considered during flap selection. The gluteal thigh (GT) flap has become a workhorse for ischiatic pressure sore treatment at our hospital. Follow-up revealed a group of patients presenting recurrence of the pressure sore that needed a second flap. The inferior gluteal artery perforator (IGAP) flap was chosen in this series...
2018: European Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397355/the-incidence-of-overconfidence-and-underconfidence-effects-in-medical-student-examinations
#20
Raúl A Borracci, Eduardo B Arribalzaga
BACKGROUND: Overconfidence is the tendency to overestimate the knowledge, capacity, or performance one really possesses. This cognitive bias could be potentially dangerous in medical decision-making, considering the impact it could have on patient health care. The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence of overconfidence and underconfidence in medical student knowledge on general surgery by using traditional and new statistical approaches. METHODS: During the application of a multiple-choice examination, 251 next-to-graduate medical students were invited to express the accuracy of their responses by choosing their own perceived confidence level for a set of questions...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Surgical Education
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