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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646457/national-survey-among-radiation-oncology-residents-related-to-their-needs-in-geriatric-oncology
#1
Rachel Leifer, Bonnie Bristow, Martine Puts, Shabbir Alibhai, Xingshan Cao, Barbara-Ann Millar, Meredith Giuliani, Tina Hsu, Maureen Trudeau, Rajin Mehta, Ines Menjak, Mireille Norris, Barbara Liu, Francois Gallant, Ewa Szumacher
Currently, there is no formal curriculum addressing geriatric oncology within Canadian radiation oncology (RO) residency programs. Knowledge related to geriatric medicine may help radiation oncologists modify RT based on frailty status and geriatric considerations. Understanding specific learning needs allow program coordinators to align the current curriculum with residents' geriatric oncology learning needs. The purpose of this study is to determine the geriatric oncology educational needs of the Canadian RO residents and to inform Canadian RO residency training...
June 24, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634156/classifying-chinese-questions-related-to-health-care-posted-by-consumers-via-the-internet
#2
Haihong Guo, Xu Na, Li Hou, Jiao Li
BACKGROUND: In question answering (QA) system development, question classification is crucial for identifying information needs and improving the accuracy of returned answers. Although the questions are domain-specific, they are asked by non-professionals, making the question classification task more challenging. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to classify health care-related questions posted by the general public (Chinese speakers) on the Internet. METHODS: A topic-based classification schema for health-related questions was built by manually annotating randomly selected questions...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633171/examining-accuracy-of-self-assessment-of-in-training-examination-performance-in-a-context-of-guided-self-assessment
#3
Oksana Babenko, Denise Campbell-Scherer, Shirley Schipper, John Chmelicek, Tanya Barber, Kimberley Duerksen, Shelley Ross
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: In our family medicine residency program, we have established a culture of guided self-assessment through a systematic approach of direct observation of residents and documentation of formative feedback. We have observed that our residents have become more accurate in self-assessing their clinical performance. The objective of this study was to examine whether this improved accuracy extended to residents' self-assessment of their medical knowledge and clinical reasoning on the In-Training Examination (ITE)...
June 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633036/recent-advances-in-understanding-multiple-myeloma
#4
REVIEW
Parameswaran Hari
There have been major recent advancements in the understanding and management of multiple myeloma which in turn has led to unprecedented survival outcomes for patients. Diagnostic and response criteria have been recently revised. Our understanding of clonal progression, evolution, and clonal tides will inform therapeutic choices and appropriate treatment for patients. Response rates to initial induction with modern triplet therapies containing proteasome inhibitors and immunomodulators have made this approach the global standard for initial treatment...
June 13, 2017: Hematology/oncology and Stem Cell Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632645/management-of-symptomatic-lumbar-disk-herniation-an-international-perspective
#5
Pravesh S Gadjradj, Mark P Arts, Maurits W van Tulder, Wim J R Rietdijk, Wilco C Peul, Biswadjiet S Harhangi
STUDY DESIGN: A questionnaire survey. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current practice patterns of surgeons regarding both the surgical and nonsurgical management of lumbar disk herniation (LDH) worldwide and to compare this with the current literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Sciatica is a common diagnosis in the general population. Sciatica is most frequently caused by LDH. Multiple surgical techniques and treatment modalities are available to treat LDH, albeit some with small effect sizes or without compelling evidence...
June 19, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629891/a-new-clinical-pain-knowledge-test-for-nurses-development-and-psychometric-evaluation
#6
Esther I Bernhofer, Barbara St Marie, James F Bena
All nurses care for patients with pain, and pain management knowledge and attitude surveys for nurses have been around since 1987. However, no validated knowledge test exists to measure postlicensure clinicians' knowledge of the core competencies of pain management in current complex patient populations. To develop and test the psychometric properties of an instrument designed to measure pain management knowledge of postlicensure nurses. Psychometric instrument validation. Four large Midwestern U.S. hospitals...
June 16, 2017: Pain Management Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of Pain Management Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626750/quantifying-preferences-of-farmers-and-veterinarians-for-national-animal-health-programs-the-example-of-bovine-mastitis-and-antimicrobial-usage-in-switzerland
#7
Bart H P van den Borne, Felix J S van Soest, Martin Reist, Henk Hogeveen
Bovine udder health in Switzerland is of a relatively high level. However, antimicrobial usage (AMU) seems high in comparison to other European countries also. A new udder health and AMU improvement program could improve this situation but it is uncertain whether there is support from the field. This study aimed to quantify preferences of dairy farmers and veterinarians for the start and design characteristics of a new national udder health and AMU improvement program in Switzerland. A total of 478 dairy farmers and 98 veterinarians completed an online questionnaire...
2017: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617194/impact-of-online-toxicology-training-on-health-professionals-the-global-educational-toxicology-uniting-project-getup
#8
Anselm Wong, Rais Vohra, Andrew H Dawson, Andrew Stolbach
OBJECTIVE: The Global Educational Toxicology Uniting Project (GETUP), supported by the American College of Medical Toxicology, links countries with and without toxicology services via distance education with the aim to improve education. Due to the lack of toxicology services in some countries there is a knowledge gap in the management of poisonings. We describe our experience with the worldwide delivery of an online introductory toxicology curriculum to emergency doctors and other health professionals treating poisoned patients...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617065/unmet-needs-for-family-caregivers-of-elderly-people-with-dementia-living-in-italy-what-do-we-know-so-far-and-what-should-we-do-next
#9
Maria C De Cola, Viviana Lo Buono, Agata Mento, Mariella Foti, Silvia Marino, Placido Bramanti, Alfredo Manuli, Rocco S Calabrò
Care of the elderly with dementia represents one of the major challenges for the modern society worldwide. The burden of dementia care often falls on the family members, entailing heavy psychosocial and economic consequences. The aim of this study was to evaluate the caregiver's perspective concerning the support for disease management on behalf of the physicians and the local Sicilian administrations (Italy), and the burden of care and effects on their lifestyle, to propose new prevention strategies and service for managing dementia and caregiver's burden...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612657/improving-care-for-advanced-copd-through-practice-change-experiences-of-participation-in-a-canadian-spread-collaborative
#10
Jennifer Y Verma, Claudia Amar, Shannon Sibbald, Graeme M Rocker
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a leading cause of death, morbidity, and health-care spending. The Halifax, Nova Scotia-based INSPIRED COPD Outreach Program™ has proved highly beneficial for patients and the health-care system. With direct investment of <$1-million CAD, a pan-Canadian quality improvement collaborative (QIC) supported the spread of INSPIRED to 19 teams in the 10 Canadian provinces contingent upon participation in evaluation. The collaborative evaluation followed a mixed-methods summative approach relying on collated quantitative data, team documents, and surveys sent to core members of the 19 teams...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606751/risk-stratification-in-compartmental-epidemic-models-where-to-draw-the-line
#11
Sze-Chuan Suen, Jeremy D Goldhaber-Fiebert, Margaret L Brandeau
Economic evaluations of infectious disease control interventions frequently use dynamic compartmental epidemic models. Such models capture heterogeneity in risk of infection by stratifying the population into discrete risk groups, thus approximating what is typically continuous variation in risk. An important open question is whether and how different risk stratification choices influence model predictions of intervention effects. We develop equivalent Susceptible-Infected-Susceptible (SIS) dynamic transmission models: an unstratified model, a model stratified into a high-risk and low-risk group, and a model with an arbitrary number of risk groups...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Theoretical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604146/clients-and-carers-perception-of-mental-illness-and-factors-that-influence-help-seeking-where-they-go-first-and-why
#12
Harris K Chilale, Ndumanene Devlin Silungwe, Saulos Gondwe, Charles Masulani-Mwale
OBJECTIVE: In Northern Malawi, the duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) is longer than that in high-income countries. The reasons for the delay in help-seeking are not known, although studies show multiple reasons. This research was conducted to establish health care help-seeking behaviours and identify barriers that exist between service users and health care providers. The study also intended to establish the beliefs that clients and family members have regarding the causes of mental illness which profoundly shape help-seeking, care giving process and outcomes...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598446/construction-of-multiple-choice-questions-before-and-after-an-educational-intervention
#13
K Tenzin, T Dorji, T Tenzin
INTRODUCTION: Khesar Gyalpo University of Medical Sciences of Bhutan, established in 2014, has ushered in a new era in medical education in Bhutan. Multiple Choice Questions are a common means of written assessment in medical education. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental study conducted at the Faculty of Postgraduate Medicine, KGUMSB, Thimphu in December 2016. A total of 8 MCQs were prepared by four teaching faculties from different fields who had no prior training on construction of MCQs...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587845/trends-in-the-management-of-urolithiasis-in-latin-america-spain-and-portugal-results-of-a-survey-in-the-confederaci%C3%A3-n-americana-de-urolog%C3%A3-a-cau
#14
J C Angulo, N Bernardo, H Zampolli, M A Rivero, H Dávila, J Gutiérrez
OBJECTIVE: To describe the trends in the current management of urolithiasis in the Confederación Americana de Urología (CAU) setting to recognise patterns of clinical practice and identify educational needs. MATERIAL AND METHOD: An online survey was created with 31 multiple-choice questions (Spanish and Portuguese) through www.caunet.org, which revealed demographic data, patterns of clinical practice and approaches for specific clinical conditions. RESULTS: A total of 463 practitioners from Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Spain, Colombia, Chile and other countries (3...
June 3, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584934/management-of-infection-during-chemotherapy-for-acute-leukemia-in-japan-a-nationwide-questionnaire-based-survey-by-the-japan-adult-leukemia-study-group
#15
Shun-Ichi Kimura, Hiroyuki Fujita, Hideaki Kato, Nobuhiro Hiramoto, Naoko Hosono, Tsutomu Takahashi, Kazuyuki Shigeno, Naoko Hatsumi, Hitoshi Minamiguchi, Junichi Miyatake, Hiroshi Handa, Nobu Akiyama, Yoshinobu Kanda, Minoru Yoshida, Hitoshi Kiyoi, Yasushi Miyazaki, Tomoki Naoe
PURPOSE: We performed a nationwide questionnaire-based survey to evaluate the current clinical practices of infectious complications during chemotherapy for acute leukemia in Japan. METHODS: We e-mailed a questionnaire to member institutions of the Japan Adult Leukemia Study Group in September, 2013. The questionnaire consisted of 50 multiple-choice questions covering therapeutic environment, antimicrobial prophylaxis, screening test during neutropenia, empirical therapy for febrile neutropenia, and the use of granulocyte-colony stimulating factor...
June 6, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584471/child-maltreatment-cross-sectional-survey-of-general-dentists
#16
Harsimran Kaur, K S Vinod, Harpreet Singh, Lavina Arya, Prateek Verma, Baldeep Singh
BACKGROUND: Child abuse continues to be a social menace causing both physical and emotional trauma to benevolent children. Census has shown that nearly 50-75% of child abuse include trauma to mouth, face, and head. Thus, dental professionals are in a strategic position to identify physical and emotional manifestations of abuse. AIM: A cross-sectional survey was conducted to assess knowledge and attitude of dental professionals on the exigent issue of child abuse...
January 2017: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581344/exploring-the-bilingual-phonological-space-early-bilinguals-discrimination-of-coronal-stop-contrasts
#17
Yevgeniy Vasilyevich Melguy
It is well known that the way monolingual listeners discriminate speech sounds is strongly influenced by their native (L1) sound system. Moreover, such perceptual constraints are not limited to monolinguals: multiple studies have found evidence of language-specificity in bilingual speech perception. However, the question of whether bilinguals have simultaneous access to both of their phonologies during non-native contrast discrimination has not been systematically examined. Namely, very few studies of bilinguals have specifically examined cases where a non-native contrast pair straddles the boundary between two sound systems, with one sound corresponding to a sound in the L1, and the other to a sound in the second language (L2), but with neither the L1 nor the L2 containing both...
June 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579064/practice-patterns-among-eye-care-providers-at-us-teaching-hospitals-with-regards-to-assessing-and-educating-patients-about-smoking
#18
Zachary C Landis, Ramunas Rolius, Ingrid U Scott
PURPOSE: To investigate practice patterns of eye care providers at academic medical centers in the United States (US) with regards to assessing patients' smoking status and exposure, educating patients regarding ocular risks of smoking, and counseling patients about smoking cessation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: An anonymous survey including multiple choice and Likert-style questions was constructed on http://www.surveymonkey...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575355/standardization-of-clinical-assessment-and-sample-collection-across-all-perch-study-sites
#19
Jane Crawley, Christine Prosperi, Henry C Baggett, W Abdullah Brooks, Maria Deloria Knoll, Laura L Hammitt, Stephen R C Howie, Karen L Kotloff, Orin S Levine, Shabir A Madhi, David R Murdoch, Katherine L O'Brien, Donald M Thea, Juliet O Awori, Charatdao Bunthi, Andrea N DeLuca, Amanda J Driscoll, Bernard E Ebruke, Doli Goswami, Melissa M Hidgon, Ruth A Karron, Sidi Kazungu, Nana Kourouma, Grant Mackenzie, David P Moore, Azwifari Mudau, Magdalene Mwale, Kamrun Nahar, Daniel E Park, Barameht Piralam, Phil Seidenberg, Mamadou Sylla, Daniel R Feikin, J Anthony G Scott
Background.: Variable adherence to standardized case definitions, clinical procedures, specimen collection techniques, and laboratory methods has complicated the interpretation of previous multicenter pneumonia etiology studies. To circumvent these problems, a program of clinical standardization was embedded in the Pneumonia Etiology Research for Child Health (PERCH) study. Methods.: Between March 2011 and August 2013, standardized training on the PERCH case definition, clinical procedures, and collection of laboratory specimens was delivered to 331 clinical staff at 9 study sites in 7 countries (The Gambia, Kenya, Mali, South Africa, Zambia, Thailand, and Bangladesh), through 32 on-site courses and a training website...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574210/using-the-regulation-of-accuracy-to-study-performance-when-the-correct-answer-is-not-known
#20
Karlos Luna, Beatriz Martín-Luengo
We examined memory performance in multiple-choice questions when correct answers were not always present. How do participants answer when they are aware that the correct alternative may not be present? To answer this question we allowed participants to decide on the number of alternatives in their final answer (the plurality option), and whether they wanted to report or withhold their answer (report option). We also studied the memory benefits when both the plurality and the report options were available. In two experiments participants watched a crime and then answered questions with five alternatives...
June 2, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
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