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Chylothorax

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143913/chylothorax-post-thoracoscopic-surgery-for-an-anterior-mediastinal-tumor
#1
Hironori Ishibashi, Yuya Ishikawa, Ayaka Asakawa, Sachiko Imai, Masashi Kobayashi, Kenichi Okubo
Chylothorax after anterior mediastinal surgery is rare. We treated a 39-year-old woman who presented with progressive dyspnea over 6 months. Chest computed tomography revealed a 12-cm round mass in the right anterior mediastinum. She underwent video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery for successful excision of the tumor; however, the surgery was complicated by the development of chylothorax. It was treated surgically with no recurrence of the tumor and/or chylothorax for 2 years. Chylothorax should be recognized as a postsurgical complication of anterior mediastinal tumors...
November 16, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143085/clinical-significance-of-new-magnetic-resonance-thoracic-ductography-before-thoracoscopic-esophagectomy-for-esophageal-cancer
#2
Junya Oguma, Soji Ozawa, Akihito Kazuno, Miho Nitta, Yamato Ninomiya, Kentaro Yatabe, Tetsu Niwa, Takakiyo Nomura
BACKGROUND: Preoperative simulation of the thoracic duct using magnetic resonance thoracic ductography (MRTD) would enable a safe lymph node dissection near the thoracic duct and the prevention of chylothorax after an esophagectomy. The aim of this study was to determine whether MRTD is useful for preventing injury to the thoracic duct during surgery and for reducing the incidence of chylothorax after surgery. METHODS: We evaluated 130 patients who underwent preoperative MRTD followed by a thoracoscopic esophagectomy for the treatment of thoracic esophageal cancer between August 2014 and April 2017 (MRTD group)...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134535/current-status-of-cardiovascular-surgery-in-japan-2013-and-2014-a%C3%A2-report-based-on-the-japan-cardiovascular-surgery-database-2-congenital-heart-surgery
#3
Yasutaka Hirata, Norimichi Hirahara, Arata Murakami, Noboru Motomura, Hiroaki Miyata, Shinichi Takamoto
OBJECTIVES: We analyzed the mortality and morbidity of congenital heart surgery in Japan using the Japan Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JCVSD). METHODS: Data regarding congenital heart surgery performed between January 2013 and December 2014 were obtained from JCVSD. The 20 most frequent procedures were selected and the mortality rates and major morbidities were analyzed. RESULTS: The mortality rates of atrial septal defect repair and ventricular septal defect repair were less than 1%, and the mortality rates of tetralogy of Fallot repair, complete atrioventricular septal defect repair, bidirectional Glenn, and total cavopulmonary connection were less than 2%...
November 13, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132697/treatment-of-postsurgical-chylothorax
#4
Janani S Reisenauer, Carlos A Puig, Chris J Reisenauer, Mark S Allen, Emily Bendel, Stephen D Cassivi, Francis C Nichols, Rob K Shen, Dennis A Wigle, Shanda H Blackmon
BACKGROUND: Postoperative chylothorax can be managed by any or all of observation, parenteral nutrition, surgical duct ligation, pleurodesis, or thoracic duct embolization. The objective of this study was to determine the efficacy of standard therapies, such as surgical duct ligation and observation, compared with newer treatment methods (thoracic duct embolization). METHODS: A prospectively maintained database at a single institution was used to identify and review patients with postoperative chylothorax from 2008 to 2015...
November 11, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132117/an-extrapulmonary-manifestation-of-lymphangioleiomyomatosis-a-rare-case-report
#5
L Volkan Tümay, Osman Serhat Güner, Abdullah Zorluoğlu
Lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM) is a rare and fatal disease which occurs almost exclusively in young women. The disease often affects lungs and most of the patients die from respiratory failure. It is often initially misdiagnosed as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The most common presentations of pulmonary LAM (P-LAM) include dyspnea and coughing. Chylothorax and spontaneous pneumothorax may be seen in advanced cases. Although rare, it may present with extrapulmonary LAM (E-LAM). Renal angiomyolipomas and abdominal lymphadenopathies (LAPs) are common in E-LAM cases...
November 9, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129424/laparoscopic-ligation-of-cisterna-chyli-for-refractory-chylothorax-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#6
Ilitch Diaz-Gutierrez, Madhuri Vasudev Rao, Rafael Santiago Andrade
OBJECTIVES: We describe an alternative surgical technique for the treatment of chylothorax in patients who have had failure of or are not candidates for transthoracic ligation or embolization by interventional radiology. METHODS: We describe our experience with laparoscopic ligation of the cisterna chyli in 3 such patients and compare our results with published literature. We used a 5-port approach as for foregut surgery. We retracted the liver, transected the gastrohepatic ligament, and retracted the stomach to the left...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124037/chylothorax-after-blunt-chest-trauma-a-case-report
#7
Pawit Sriprasit, Osaree Akaraborworn
Traumatic chylothorax after blunt chest trauma alone is considered rare. Our patient was a 27-year-old female who was in a motorcycle accident and sustained blunt thoracic and traumatic thoracic aortic injuries with T1-T2 vertebral subluxation. She underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair from T4 to T9 without any thoracic or spinal surgery. On postoperative day 7, the drainage from her left chest turned into a milky-white fluid indicative of chyle leakage. The patient was treated conservatively for 2 weeks and then the chest drain was safely removed...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106894/chylothorax-abdominal-approach
#8
EDITORIAL
Daniel G Nicastri, Raja M Flores
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105790/use-of-direct-near-infrared-fluorescent-lymphography-for-thoracoscopic-thoracic-duct-identification-in-15-dogs-with-chylothorax
#9
Michele A Steffey, Philipp D Mayhew
OBJECTIVE: To describe and assess techniques of intraoperative near-infrared fluorescence lymphography (NIRFL) using indocyanine green (ICG) for lymphatic duct identification during thoracoscopic thoracic duct (TD) ligation in dogs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. ANIMALS: Dogs (n = 15) with naturally occurring chylothorax that underwent TD ligation. METHODS: Medical records of dogs treated with thoracoscopic TD ligation in which NIRFL was utilized for intraoperative TD identification were reviewed...
November 6, 2017: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100176/a-left-thoracic-approach-in-a-prone-position-for-thoracoscopic-thoracic-duct-ligation-in-a-patient-with-post-esophagectomy-chylothorax-a-case-report
#10
Kiyotomi Maruyama, Kou Shimada, Toshikazu Hamanaka, Shinsuke Sugenoya, Kuniyuki Gomi, Motohiro Mihara, Shoji Kajikawa, Yusuke Sato
INTRODUCTION: We debate whether or not to approach from right thorax for the left chylothorax after esophagectomy. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 50s-year-old female underwent right-sided thoracoscopic esophagectomy with three-field lymphadenectomy for esophageal carcinoma (type 0-IIa, 3.4×2.2cm, T1bN0M0, Stage IA), followed by reconstruction with esophagogastric anastomosis through the posterior mediastinum. The thoracic duct was excised and ligated. The left thoracic drainage increased to 2115mL/day on the fifth postoperative day...
October 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083537/impact-of-unplanned-events-on-early-postoperative-results-of-minimally-invasive-esophagectomy
#11
Xufeng Guo, Bo Ye, Yu Yang, Yifeng Sun, Rong Hua, Xiaobing Zhang, Teng Mao, Zhigang Li
BACKGROUND: Minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is increasingly performed worldwide. Unplanned events during thoracoscopy or laparoscopy can jeopardize the procedure, sometimes necessitating conversion to open surgery. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of unplanned events on early postoperative outcomes after MIE. METHOD: A consecutive group of 303 patients who underwent MIE between January 2011 and December 2015 were reviewed. The patients were allocated to two groups comprising those with (G-UPE, 85 patients) and without unplanned events (G-Regular, 218 patients)...
October 30, 2017: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077870/undetectable-antimicrobial-plasma-concentrations-in-an-hiv-positive-patient-with-protein-losing-enteropathy-and-chylothorax-during-mycobacterium-genavense-and-leishmania-abdominal-infections
#12
I Motta, M Trunfio, A Calcagno, V Pirriatore, S Scabini, A Palazzo, S Audagnotto, G Fatiguso, V Liberini, M Bellò, A D'Avolio, G Di Perri, S Bonora
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067509/transvenous-retrograde-thoracic-ductography-initial-experience-with-13-consecutive-cases
#13
Shuji Kariya, Miyuki Nakatani, Yutaka Ueno, Asami Yoshida, Yasuyuki Ono, Takuji Maruyama, Atsushi Komemushi, Noboru Tanigawa
PURPOSE: To report the feasibility and findings of transvenous retrograde thoracic duct cannulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The subjects were 13 patients who had undergone retrograde transvenous thoracic ductography. Despite conservative treatment, all required drainage for chylothorax, chylous ascites, or a chylous pericardial effusion. Lymphangiography was performed, and the junction of the thoracic duct with the vein was identified. A microcatheter was inserted into the thoracic duct retrogradely via the junction with the vein...
October 24, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062682/transudative-chylothorax-in-a-patient-with-lymphangioleiomyomatosis
#14
Adrian Pedro Noriega Aldave, John W Leslie
Transudative chylothorax is a rare type of pleural effusion. It has been described to be present in the setting of liver cirrhosis, heart failure, amyloidosis, nephrotic syndrome, superior vena cava thrombosis, sclerosing mesenteritis and heart failure. We present the case of an 86-year-old woman with a right-side transudative chylothorax associated with heart failure and lymphangioleiomyomatosis.
2017: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052575/chylous-ascites-and-chylothorax-caused-by-constrictive-pericarditis
#15
Guo-Can Yu, Xu-Dong Xu, Fang-Ming Zhong, Gang Chen, Da Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049798/near-infrared-fluorescence-guided-thoracoscopic-surgical-intervention-for-postoperative-chylothorax
#16
Feng Yang, Jian Zhou, Hao Li, Fan Yang, Rongxin Xiao, Chongwei Chi, Jie Tian, Jun Wang
OBJECTIVES: Chylothorax is an infrequent but relatively serious complication after lung cancer surgery. Finding the leakage site and identifying the thoracic duct (TD) are the key points of surgical intervention for chylothorax. In this study, for the first time, we demonstrated near-infrared fluorescence imaging with indocyanine green (ICG) in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) intervention for chylothorax in humans. METHODS: This study included 4 patients diagnosed with chylothorax after lung cancer surgery who underwent VATS intervention; 0...
September 25, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049537/bilateral-bidirectional-glenn-outcome-of-off-pump-technique
#17
Ashraf A H El Midany, Ezzeldin A Mostafa, Sherif A Mansour, Mohammed Saffan, Mahmoud Zalat, Ismail N El-Sokkary, Ahmed M E Aletreby
OBJECTIVES: Off-pump bilateral bidirectional Glenn (b-BDG) poses a surgical challenge and may add complexity to the postoperative outcome especially regarding uniformity of the anastomosis and central pulmonary artery growth. Herein, we report early- and mid-term outcomes after off-pump b-BDG without using superior vena cava decompression techniques. METHODS: Ninety-seven consecutive patients, between 2009 and 2014, were included in this prospective study. All patients had complete pre- and postoperative clinical and detailed neurological assessments...
November 1, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048403/prenatal-factors-associated-with-neonatal-survival-of-infants-with-congenital-chylothorax
#18
M Dorsi, A Giuseppi, F Lesage, J Stirnemann, L De Saint Blanquat, M Nicloux, Z Assaf, N Khen Dunlop, E Kermorvant-Duchemin, J-F Magny, Y Ville, A Lapillonne
OBJECTIVES: Congenital chylothorax is a rare disease and prognostic factors are key element in properly informing parents. This study aimed at determining the prenatal factors associated with neonatal survival in a cohort of liveborn infants with congenital chylothorax. STUDY DESIGN: Observational monocentric cohort study including all liveborn neonates consecutively admitted for congenital chylothorax. RESULTS: Neonatal mortality was 32% (16/50)...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037478/five-hundred-seventy-six-cases-of-video-assisted-thoracic-surgery-utilizing-local-anesthesia-and-sedation-lessons-learned
#19
Mark R Katlic
BACKGROUND: General anesthesia and endotracheal intubation are a luxury rather than a necessity for many video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) operations. Twenty-three years ago the author began utilizing local anesthesia and sedation for pleural disease and subsequently for pericardial and lung disease. STUDY DESIGN: The records of all patients undergoing VATS utilizing local anesthesia and sedation at hospitals of the Geisinger Health System (Danville and Wilkes-Barre, PA) June 1, 2002 to June 30, 2011 and the Lifebridge Health System (Baltimore, MD) July 1, 2011 to March 1, 2017 were retrospectively reviewed...
October 13, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021448/additional-octreotide-therapy-to-sirolimus-achieved-a-decrease-in-sirolimus-refractory-chylous-effusion-complicated-with-lymphangioleiomyomatosis
#20
Masashi Namba, Takeshi Masuda, Takashi Nakamura, Yasushi Horimasu, Shintaro Miyamoto, Taku Nakashima, Hiroshi Iwamoto, Kazunori Fujitaka, Hironobu Hamada, Noboru Hattori
Recently, sirolimus, an inhibitor of mammalian target of rapamycin, was reported to decrease chylous effusion in patients with lymphangioleimyomatosis (LAM). We herein report a case of a 34-year-old woman with LAM who developed refractory chylothorax and chylous ascites during sirolimus therapy. In this case, to reduce chylous effusion, we administered octreotide, which is often used to control postoperative chylous effusion, in addition to the sirolimus therapy. This combination therapy reduced the chylothorax and chylous ascites...
October 11, 2017: Internal Medicine
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