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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512649/purification-and-characterization-of-schwann-cells-from-adult-human-skin-and-nerve
#1
Jo Anne Stratton, Ranjan Kumar, Sarthak Sinha, Prajay Shah, Morgan Stykel, Yuval Shapira, Rajiv Midha, Jeff Biernaskie
Despite its modest capacity for regeneration, peripheral nervous system injury often results in significant long-term disability. Supplementing peripheral nervous system injury with autologous Schwann cells (SCs) may serve to rejuvenate the postinjury environment to enhance regeneration and ultimately improve functional outcomes. However, human nerve-derived SC (hN-SC) collection procedures require invasive surgical resection. Here, we describe the characterization of SCs from adult human skin (hSk-SCs) of four male donors ranging between 27 and 46 years old...
May 2017: ENeuro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505004/a-subset-of-malignant-mesotheliomas-in-young-adults-are-associated-with-recurrent-ewsr1-fus-atf1-fusions
#2
Patrice Desmeules, Philippe Joubert, Lei Zhang, Hikmat A Al-Ahmadie, Christopher D Fletcher, Efsevia Vakiani, Deborah F Delair, Natasha Rekhtman, Marc Ladanyi, William D Travis, Cristina R Antonescu
Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a rare, aggressive tumor often associated with asbestos exposure and characterized by complex genetic abnormalities, including deletions of chromosome 22. A gene fusion involving EWSR1 and YY1 gene on 14q32 has been reported in 2 patients over the age of 60 with peritoneal MM. However, the incidence of EWSR1 rearrangements in MM and the spectrum of its fusion partners remain unknown. We recently encountered 2 MM cases with EWSR1-ATF1 fusions and sought to investigate the prevalence and clinicopathologic features associated with this abnormality...
May 12, 2017: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492540/nmi-inhibits-cancer-stem-cell-traits-by-downregulating-htert-in-breast-cancer
#3
Xu Feng, Xiangdong Xu, Xiangsheng Xiao, Kun Zou, Wendan Yu, Jiali Wu, Ranran Tang, Yue Gao, Jiaojiao Hao, Xinrui Zhao, Yina Liao, Yiming Chen, Wenlin Huang, Wei Guo, Lan Kang, Wuguo Deng
N-myc and STAT interactor (NMI) has been proved to bind to different transcription factors to regulate a variety of signaling mechanisms including DNA damage, cell cycle and epithelial-mesenchymal transition. However, the role of NMI in the regulation of cancer stem cells (CSCs) remains poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the regulation of NMI on CSCs traits in breast cancer and uncovered the underlying molecular mechanisms. We found that NMI was lowly expressed in breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs)-enriched populations...
May 11, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489564/yy1-promotes-hdac1-expression-and-decreases-sensitivity-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells-to-hdac-inhibitor
#4
Sheng Dong, Xiang Ma, Zusen Wang, Bing Han, Hao Zou, Zehua Wu, Yunjin Zang, Likun Zhuang
YY1 is a DNA-binding transcription factor and reported to be involved in cancer progression. Histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) could inhibit proliferation and promote apoptosis of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. However, it is unclear about the roles of YY1 in the sensitivity of HCC cells to HDACi. In this study, firstly, we identified two drug-response profiles to HDACi in HCC cell lines, while our results showed that HDAC1 expression was positively correlated with YY1 in HCC cell lines and primary tumor tissues...
April 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488543/the-transcription-factor-foxa1-induces-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-tumorigenesis-and-progression
#5
Li-Li Wang, Yin-Ling Xiu, Xi Chen, Kai-Xuan Sun, Shuo Chen, Dan-Dan Wu, Bo-Liang Liu, Yang Zhao
FOXA1 (forkhead box A1), a member of the FOXA transcription factor superfamily, plays an important role in tumor occurrence and development. However, the relationship between FOXA1 and ovarian cancer has not been reported. We examined normal ovarian tissue and ovarian cancer tissue and found increased FOXA1 expression in the cancer tissue. 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide and flow cytometry assays demonstrated that transfection with small interfering RNA to silence FOXA1 (si-FOXA1) in ovarian cancer cell lines decreased cell proliferation and induced apoptosis and S-phase arrest...
May 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485541/yy1-directly-suppresses-myct1-leading-to-laryngeal-tumorigenesis-and-progress
#6
Si-Yao Qu, Yuan-Yuan Sun, Yun-Hui Li, Zhen-Ming Xu, Wei-Neng Fu
YY1 is a key transcription factor and plays different roles in various cancers. However, role and mechanism of YY1 in laryngeal cancer are still unknown. YY1 and MYCT1 mRNA and protein levels were detected by Real-time RT-PCR and Western Blot methods, respectively. Binding of YY1 to MYCT1 promoter was predicted and confirmed by bioinformatics and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays, respectively. MYCT1 promoter activity was assessed by dual luciferase assay system. Laryngeal cancer cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis were evaluated by cell viability, colony formation, cell scratch assay, transwell assay, and flow cytometry methods, respectively...
May 9, 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476134/overexpression-of-rkip-and-its-cross-talk-with-several-regulatory-gene-products-in-multiple-myeloma
#7
REVIEW
Anna Shvartsur, Kevin B Givechian, Hermes Garban, Benjamin Bonavida
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a clonal plasma-cell neoplastic disorder arising from an indolent premalignant disease known as monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS). MM is a biologically complex heterogeneous disease reflected by its variable clinical responses of patients receiving the same treatment. Therefore, a molecular identification of stage-specific biomarkers will support a more individualized precise diagnostic/prognostic approach, an effective therapeutic regime, and will assist in the identification of novel therapeutic molecular targets...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472826/t372r-mutation-status-in-yin-yang-1-gene-in-insulinoma-patients
#8
Khushboo Irshad, Viveka P Jyotsna, Shipra Agarwal, Kunzang Chosdol, Sujoy Pal, Rakesh Kumar Deepak
Insulinomas are rare pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors. The genetic causes underlying insulinoma are still being investigated. Recently, 3 independent studies reported a recurrent somatic mutation in YY1 gene (C>G; Thr372Arg) among insulinoma patients belonging to Chinese and Western Caucasian populations, which was found to increase insulin secretion by β-cells. However, the status of this key gene variation remains unknown in patients of other ethnicities. We, therefore, screened Indian sporadic insulinoma patients for YY1 T372R mutation in the present study...
May 4, 2017: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447715/correlation-of-the-expression-of-yy1-and-fas-cell-surface-death-receptor-with-apoptosis-of-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-and-the-development-of-multiple-organ-dysfunction-in-children-with-sepsis
#9
Judith Reséndiz-Martínez, Juan Asbun-Bojalil, Sara Huerta-Yepez, Mario Vega
Multiple organ dysfunction (MOD) is a lethal complication in children with sepsis. Apoptosis of several cell types is involved in this process, and it is associated with increased Fas cell surface death receptor (Fas) expression. As YY1 transcription factor (YY1) negatively regulates the expression of Fas in cancer models, and is associated with the clinical outcome, it may be important in MOD. The present study aimed to determine the association between the expression of Fas, YY1 and apoptosis in children with sepsis, and its association with MOD, these factors were analyzed in 30 pediatric patients that had been diagnosed with sepsis...
May 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412749/diagnostic-and-prognostic-relevance-of-cp2c-and-yy1-expression-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
Ji Sook Kim, Seung Han Son, Min Young Kim, DongHo Choi, Ik-Soon Jang, Seung Sam Paik, Ji Hyung Chae, Vladimir N Uversky, Chul Geun Kim
Recent studies have demonstrated an oncogenic role of the transcription factor (TF) CP2c in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) based on a strong correlation between CP2c expression, tumor grade, and aggressiveness. We recently found that CP2c directly interacts with another TF, YY1, which is also overexpressed in multiple cancers, including HCC. To evaluate if these proteins are co-regulated in carcinogenesis, we analyzed the expression of CP2c and YY1 in HCC (n = 136) tissues and examined the correlation between their expression and clinicopathological characteristics of HCC...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394354/oncogenic-mct-1-activation-promotes-yy1-egfr-mnsod-signaling-and-tumor-progression
#11
H-Y Tseng, Y-A Chen, J Jen, P-C Shen, L-M Chen, T-D Lin, Y-C Wang, H-L Hsu
Tumor cells often produce high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and display an increased ROS scavenging system. However, the molecular mechanism that balances antioxidative and oxidative stress in cancer cells is unclear. Here, we determined that oncogenic multiple copies in T-cell malignancy 1 (MCT-1) activity promotes the generation of intracellular ROS and mitochondrial superoxide. Overexpression of MCT-1 suppresses p53 accumulation but elevates the manganese-dependent superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) level via the YY1-EGFR signaling cascade, which protects cells against oxidative damage...
April 10, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393842/metastasis-associated-protein-1-is-an-upstream-regulator-of-dnmt3a-and-stimulator-of-insulin-growth-factor-binding-protein-3-in-breast-cancer
#12
S Deivendran, Hezlin Marzook, T R Santhoshkumar, Rakesh Kumar, M Radhakrishna Pillai
Despite a recognized role of DNA methyltransferase 3a (DNMT3a) in human cancer, the nature of its upstream regulator(s) and relationship with the master chromatin remodeling factor MTA1, continues to be poorly understood. Here, we found an inverse relationship between the levels of MTA1 and DNMT3a in human cancer and that high levels of MTA1 in combination of low DNMT3a status correlates well with poor survival of breast cancer patients. We discovered that MTA1 represses DNMT3a expression via HDAC1/YY1 transcription factor complex...
April 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363333/inverse-correlation-between-the-metastasis-suppressor-rkip-and-the-metastasis-inducer-yy1-contrasting-roles-in-the-regulation-of-chemo-immuno-resistance-in-cancer
#13
Stephanie Wottrich, Samantha Kaufhold, Emmanuel Chrysos, Odysseas Zoras, Stavroula Baritaki, Benjamin Bonavida
Several gene products have been postulated to mediate inherent and/or acquired anticancer drug resistance and tumor metastasis. Among these, the metastasis suppressor and chemo-immuno-sensitizing gene product, Raf Kinase Inhibitor Protein (RKIP), is poorly expressed in many cancers. In contrast, the metastasis inducer and chemo-immuno-resistant factor Yin Yang 1 (YY1) is overexpressed in many cancers. This inverse relationship between RKIP and YY1 expression suggests that these two gene products may be regulated via cross-talks of molecular signaling pathways, culminating in the expression of different phenotypes based on their targets...
January 2017: Drug Resistance Updates: Reviews and Commentaries in Antimicrobial and Anticancer Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334807/allele-specific-quantitative-proteomics-unravels-molecular-mechanisms-modulated-by-cis-regulatory-pparg-locus-variation
#14
Heekyoung Lee, Kun Qian, Christine von Toerne, Lena Hoerburger, Melina Claussnitzer, Christoph Hoffmann, Viktoria Glunk, Simone Wahl, Michaela Breier, Franziska Eck, Leili Jafari, Sophie Molnos, Harald Grallert, Ingrid Dahlman, Peter Arner, Cornelia Brunner, Hans Hauner, Stefanie M Hauck, Helmut Laumen
Genome-wide association studies identified numerous disease risk loci. Delineating molecular mechanisms influenced by cis-regulatory variants is essential to understand gene regulation and ultimately disease pathophysiology. Combining bioinformatics and public domain chromatin information with quantitative proteomics supports prediction of cis-regulatory variants and enabled identification of allele-dependent binding of both, transcription factors and coregulators at the type 2 diabetes associated PPARG locus...
April 7, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288100/epigenetic-landscapes-reveal-transcription-factors-that-regulate-cd8-t-cell-differentiation
#15
Bingfei Yu, Kai Zhang, J Justin Milner, Clara Toma, Runqiang Chen, James P Scott-Browne, Renata M Pereira, Shane Crotty, John T Chang, Matthew E Pipkin, Wei Wang, Ananda W Goldrath
Dynamic changes in the expression of transcription factors (TFs) can influence the specification of distinct CD8(+) T cell fates, but the observation of equivalent expression of TFs among differentially fated precursor cells suggests additional underlying mechanisms. Here we profiled the genome-wide histone modifications, open chromatin and gene expression of naive, terminal-effector, memory-precursor and memory CD8(+) T cell populations induced during the in vivo response to bacterial infection. Integration of these data suggested that the expression and binding of TFs contributed to the establishment of subset-specific enhancers during differentiation...
May 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282578/aberrant-methylation-patterns-affect-the-molecular-pathogenesis-of-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Yang Lin, Zhengqiang Luo
This study aims to investigate DNA methylation signatures in fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), and to explore the relationship with transcription factors (TFs) that help to distinguish RA from osteoarthritis (OA). Microarray dataset of GSE46346, including six FLS samples from patients with RA and five FLS samples from patients with OA, was downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database. RA and OA samples were screened for differentially methylated loci (DMLs)...
March 7, 2017: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254703/rybp-inhibits-progression-and-metastasis-of-lung-cancer-by-suppressing-egfr-signaling-and-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition
#17
Xiaoxiao Dinglin, Lin Ding, Qingjian Li, Yuanbin Liu, Jiexia Zhang, Herui Yao
Lung cancer (LC) is a common lethal malignancy with rapid progression and metastasis, and Ring1 and YY1 binding protein (RYBP) has been shown to suppress cell growth in human cancers. This study aimed to investigate the role of RYBP in LC progression and metastasis. In this study, a total of 149 LC patients were recruited, and the clinical stage of their tumors, metastasis status, survival time, presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutation, and RYBP expression levels were measured. RYBP silencing and overexpression were experimentally performed in LC cell lines and in nude mice, and the expressions of genes in EGFR-related signaling pathways and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) were detected...
April 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219444/a-functional-snp-associated-with-atopic-dermatitis-controls-cell-type-specific-methylation-of-the-vstm1-gene-locus
#18
Dilip Kumar, Kia Joo Puan, Anand Kumar Andiappan, Bernett Lee, Geertje H A Westerlaken, Doreen Haase, Rossella Melchiotti, Zhuang Li, Nurhashikin Yusof, Josephine Lum, Geraldine Koh, Shihui Foo, Joe Yeong, Alexessander Couto Alves, Juha Pekkanen, Liang Dan Sun, Astrid Irwanto, Benjamin P Fairfax, Vivek Naranbhai, John E A Common, Mark Tang, Chin Keh Chuang, Marjo-Riitta Jarvelin, Julian C Knight, Xuejun Zhang, Fook Tim Chew, Shyam Prabhakar, Liu Jianjun, De Yun Wang, Francesca Zolezzi, Michael Poidinger, E Birgitte Lane, Linde Meyaard, Olaf Rötzschke
BACKGROUND: Expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) databases represent a valuable resource to link disease-associated SNPs to specific candidate genes whose gene expression is significantly modulated by the SNP under investigation. We previously identified signal inhibitory receptor on leukocytes-1 (SIRL-1) as a powerful regulator of human innate immune cell function. While it is constitutively high expressed on neutrophils, on monocytes the SIRL-1 surface expression varies strongly between individuals...
February 20, 2017: Genome Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188177/automethylation-of-protein-arginine-methyltransferase-7-and-its-impact-on-breast-cancer-progression
#19
Pengyu Geng, Yu Zhang, Xiaoqing Liu, Na Zhang, Yingqi Liu, Xin Liu, Cong Lin, Xu Yan, Zhongwei Li, Guannan Wang, Yuxin Li, Jiang Tan, Dong-Xu Liu, Baiqu Huang, Jun Lu
Protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs) catalyze protein arginine methylation and are linked to carcinogenesis and metastasis. Some members of PRMTs have been found to undergo automethylation; however, the biologic significance of this self-modification is not entirely clear. In this report, we demonstrate that R531 of PRMT7 is self-methylated, both in vitro and in vivo Automethylation of PRMT7 plays a key role in inducing the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) program and in promoting the migratory and invasive behavior of breast cancer cells...
February 10, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125315/mirna-34c-inhibits-myoblasts-proliferation-by-targeting-yy1
#20
Meng Wang, Chuncheng Liu, Yang Su, Kuo Zhang, Yuying Zhang, Min Chen, Mengxu Ge, Lijie Gu, Tianyu Lu, Ning Li, Zhengquan Yu, Qingyong Meng
miRNAs are increasingly being implicated as key regulators of cell proliferation, apoptosis, and differentiation. miRNA-34c appears to play a crucial role in cancer pathogenesis wherein it exerts its effect as a tumor suppressor. However, the role of miR-34c in myoblast proliferation remains poorly understood. Here, we found that overexpression miR-34c inhibited myoblasts proliferation by reducing the protein and mRNA expression of cell cycle genes. In contrast, blocking the function of miR-34c promoted myoblasts proliferation and increased the protein and mRNA expression of cell cycle genes...
January 26, 2017: Cell Cycle
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