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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786886/predictors-of-treatment-completion-for-families-referred-to-trauma-focused-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-after-child-abuse
#1
Marianne Celano, Amanda NeMoyer, Anna Stagg, Nikia Scott
Despite advances in the dissemination of evidence-based therapy for abuse-related traumatic stress, many referred children fail to complete treatment. Using archival data from a sample of children participating in trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) at a hospital-based child advocacy center, analyses explored the impact of baseline child traumatic stress symptoms, a second (nonprimary) caregiver's treatment attendance, and the number of assessment sessions on treatment completion while controlling for demographic variables...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786877/morphomic-malnutrition-score-a-standardized-screening-tool-for-severe-malnutrition-in-adults
#2
Christopher Lee, Erica Raymond, Brian A Derstine, Joshua M Glazer, Rebecca Goulson, Avinash Rajasekaran, Jill Cherry-Bukowiec, Grace L Su, Stewart C Wang
BACKGROUND: Granular diagnostic criteria for adult malnutrition are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study uses analytic morphomics to define the Morphomic Malnutrition Score (MMS), a robust screening tool for severe malnutrition. METHODS: The study population (n = 643) consisted of 2 cohorts: 1) 124 emergency department patients diagnosed with severe malnutrition by a registered dietitian (RD) and an available computed tomography (CT) scan within 2 days of RD evaluation, and 2) 519 adult kidney donor candidates to represent a healthy cohort...
May 22, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786828/oral-contraceptives-for-pain-associated-with-endometriosis
#3
REVIEW
Julie Brown, Tineke J Crawford, Shree Datta, Andrew Prentice
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis is a common gynaecological condition which affects many women of reproductive age worldwide and is a major cause of pain and infertility. The combined oral contraceptive pill (COCP) is widely used to treat pain occurring as a result of endometriosis, although the evidence for its efficacy is limited. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of oral contraceptive preparations in the treatment of painful symptoms ascribed to the diagnosis of laparoscopically proven endometriosis...
May 22, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786536/percutaneous-coronary-and-structural-interventions-in-women-a-position-statement-from-the-eapci-women-committee
#4
Alaide Chieffo, Gill Louise Buchanan, Julinda Mehilli, Davide Capodanno, Vijay Kunadian, Anna Sonia Petronio, Ghada W Mikhail, Piera Capranzano, Nieves Gonzal, Nicole Karam, Stéphane Manzo-Silberman, Stefanie Schüpke, Robert A Byrne, Giuliana Capretti, Yolande Appelman, Marie-Claude Morice, Patrizia Presbitero, Maria Radu, Josepa Mauri
Several expert documents on sex-based differences in interventional outcomes are now available, however this is the first position paper from the EAPCI Women Committee discussing the potential influence of sex in the percutaneous treatment of coronary and structural heart disease. Despite the misconception that coronary artery disease is a 'man's disease', contemporary data shows a growing incidence in women. However, women are under-represented in randomised coronary clinical trials (~25%). The generalisation of such studies is therefore problematic in decision-making for females undergoing coronary intervention...
May 22, 2018: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786514/psychotherapy-for-ptsd-an-evidence-based-guide-to-a-theranostic-approach-to-treatment
#5
REVIEW
Jessica R M Goodnight, Katie A Ragsdale, Sheila A M Rauch, Barbara O Rothbaum
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is often a clinically complex disorder, frequently presenting with comorbid clinical conditions. Individuals with PTSD may also present with high-risk symptoms such as substance misuse and suicidal ideation. The clinical complexity of PTSD has precluded some clinicians from providing gold-standard trauma-focused treatment due to concern of iatrogenic effects. However, evidence to date suggests that trauma-focused treatments are safe and effective for PTSD even when higher-risk comorbidity presents...
May 18, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786503/relationships-between-theoretically-derived-short-term-outcomes-and-support-for-policy-among-the-public-and-decision-makers
#6
Carol L Schmitt, Laurel Curry, Vanessa Boudewyns, Pamela A Williams, LaShawn Glasgow, Deanna Van Hersh, Jeffrey Willett, Todd Rogers
PURPOSE AND OBJECTIVES: Policy change is a lengthy and complex process. Thus, it is important to articulate hypothesized causal pathways between advocacy activities and policy change outcomes and to identify and monitor early indicators of progress toward policy change. INTERVENTION APPROACH: The Kansas Health Foundation supports grantee efforts to address the public health effects of obesity through evidence-based policy, systems, and environmental change interventions...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786501/strategies-to-increase-filipino-american-participation-in-cardiovascular-health-promotion-a-systematic-review
#7
Jermy-Leigh B Domingo, Gretchenjan Gavero, Kathryn L Braun
INTRODUCTION: Cultural tailoring of interventions can be effective in reducing health disparities by attracting underserved populations to health promotion programs and improving their outcomes. The purpose of this systematic review was to assess what is known about increasing access to and participation in cardiovascular disease (CVD) prevention and control programs among Filipino Americans. METHODS: PubMed MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Sociologic Abstracts were searched for peer-reviewed studies and dissertations conducted in the United States from 2004 through 2016...
May 17, 2018: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786483/immediate-mild-reactions-to-ct-with-iodinated-contrast-media-strategy-of-contrast-readministration-without-corticosteroids
#8
Sae-Jin Park, Dong-Yoon Kang, Kyoung-Hee Sohn, Soon-Ho Yoon, Whal Lee, Young-Hun Choi, Sang Heon Cho, Hye-Ryun Kang
Purpose To evaluate premedication protocols involving administration of antihistamine and multidose corticosteroid that have been widely used in prevention of recurrent hypersensitivity reactions (HSRs) to iodinated contrast media (ICM); an evidence-based optimal preventive strategy customized for patients with mild cases has not yet been established. Materials and Methods The outcomes of patients with mild HSR who subsequently underwent contrast material-enhanced computed tomography (CT) between January 2012 and December 2015 were analyzed...
May 16, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786050/diagnostic-performance-of-intestinal-fusobacterium-nucleatum-in-colorectal-cancer-a-meta-analysis
#9
Bo-Jian Peng, Chuang-Yu Cao, Wei Li, Yong-Jian Zhou, Yuan Zhang, Yu-Qiang Nie, Yan-Wen Cao, Yu-Yuan Li
Background: Increasing evidence has supported the link of intestinal Fusobacterium nucleatum infection to colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the value of F. nucleatum as a biomarker in CRC detection has not been fully defined. In order to reduce the random error and bias of individual research, this meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of intestinal F. nucleatum in CRC patients and provide evidence-based data to clinical practice. Methods: An article search was performed from PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases up to December 2017, using the following key words: "Fusobacterium nucleatum", "Fusobacterium spp...
June 5, 2018: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785787/expanding-systems-thinking-incorporating-tools-from-medical-sociology-into-mft-education-and-research
#10
Joy Heafner, Laura Mauldin
The field of marriage and family therapy has historically focused on dynamics within family systems, and at times the role of social and cultural factors external to the family. To date, however, little scholarship has examined how therapists themselves are embedded within a mental healthcare system. The purpose of this article is to demonstrate how structural components of the mental healthcare system shape the practice of therapy. We draw from the field of medical sociology to illustrate how three dominant structures-managed care, diagnosis, and evidence-based models-are intertwining and mutually reinforcing systems that have significant and long-term implications for systemic therapists and researchers...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Marital and Family Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785466/effect-of-reassuring-information-about-musculoskeletal-and-mental-health-complaints-at-the-workplace-a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-the-atwork-intervention
#11
Tone Langjordet Johnsen, Hege Randi Eriksen, Valborg Baste, Aage Indahl, Magnus Odeen, Torill Helene Tveito
Purpose The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible difference between the Modified atWork intervention (MAW) and the Original atWork intervention (OAW) on sick leave and other health related outcomes. atWork is a group intervention using the workplace as an arena for distribution of evidence-based knowledge about musculoskeletal and mental health complaints. Methods A cluster randomized controlled trial with 93 kindergartens, comprising a total of 1011 employees, was conducted. Kindergartens were stratified by county and size and randomly allocated to MAW (45 clusters, 324 respondents) or OAW (48 clusters, 313 respondents)...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785306/overweight-and-undernutrition-in-the-cases-of-school-going-adolescents-in-wolaita-sodo-town-southern-ethiopia-cross-sectional-study
#12
Dereje Yohannes Teferi, Gudina Egata Atomssa, Tefera Chane Mekonnen
Background: This study aimed to assess the prevalence of malnutrition and associated factors among school adolescents in Wolaita Sodo town, Southern Ethiopia. Methods: A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted from May 18-June 10, 2015. A multistage sampling was used to select a random sample of 690 adolescents from selected schools. Data on sociodemographic information were collected by using an interviewer-administered questionnaire, and anthropometric measurements were made by using a digital Seca scale and height measuring board by trained data collectors...
2018: Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785259/the-impact-of-multifaceted-osteoporosis-group-education-on-patients-decision-making-regarding-treatment-options-and-lifestyle-changes
#13
Annesofie L Jensen, Gitte Wind, Bente Lomholt Langdahl, Kirsten Lomborg
Introduction: Patients with chronic diseases like osteoporosis constantly have to make decisions related to their disease. Multifaceted osteoporosis group education (GE) may support patients' decision-making. This study investigated multifaceted osteoporosis GE focusing on the impact of GE on patients' decision-making related to treatment options and lifestyle. Material and Methods: An interpretive description design using ethnographic methods was utilized with 14 women and three men diagnosed with osteoporosis who attended multifaceted GE...
2018: Journal of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784883/cytochrome-bd-oxidase-has-an-important-role-in-sustaining-growth-and-development-of-streptomyces-coelicolor-a3-2-under-oxygen-limiting-conditions
#14
Marco Fischer, Dörte Falke, Carolin Naujoks, R Gary Sawers
Streptomyces coelicolor A3 (2) is a filamentously growing, spore-forming, obligately aerobic actinobacterium that uses both a copper- aa3 - type cytochrome c oxidase and a cytochrome bd oxidase to respire oxygen. Using defined knock-out mutants we demonstrated that either of these terminal oxidases was capable of allowing the bacterium to grow and complete its developmental cycle. The genes encoding the bcc complex and the aa3 oxidase are clustered at a single locus. Using western blot analyses we showed that the bcc-aa3 oxidase branch is more prevalent than the bd oxidase in spores...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Bacteriology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784628/why-physics-in-medicine
#15
Ehsan Samei, Thomas M Grist
Despite its crucial role in the development of new medical imaging technologies, in clinical practice, physics has primarily been involved in the technical evaluation of technologies. However, this narrow role is no longer adequate. New trajectories in medicine call for a stronger role for physics in the clinic. The movement toward evidence-based, quantitative, and value-based medicine requires physicists to play a more integral role in delivering innovative precision care through the intentional clinical application of physical sciences...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784570/research-gaps-in-wilderness-medicine
#16
Daniel Tritz, Kody Dormire, Travis Brachtenbach, Joshua Gordon, Donald Sanders, David Gearheart, Julia Crawford, Matt Vassar
INTRODUCTION: Wilderness medicine involves the treatment of individuals in remote, austere environments. Given the high potential for injuries as well as the unique treatment modalities required in wilderness medicine, evidence-based clinical practice guidelines are necessary to provide optimal care. In this study, we identify evidence gaps from low-quality recommendations in wilderness medicine clinical practice guidelines and identify new/ongoing research addressing them. METHODS: We included relevant clinical practice guidelines from the Wilderness Medical Society and obtained all 1C or 2C level recommendations...
May 18, 2018: Wilderness & Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784464/-fluid-resuscitation-and-evidence-based-medicine-the-truth-is-rarely-pure-and-never-simple-oscar-wilde
#17
L Zieleskiewicz, M Leone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784443/exploring-the-why-and-how-questions-associated-with-adoption-of-evidence-based-practices-to-reduce-health-care-associated-infections
#18
Joan N Hebden
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784265/don-t-ignore-my-snore-reducing-perioperative-complications-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#19
Ludy P Lemus, Betty McMullin, Honorata Balinowski
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a condition associated with decreased muscle tone in the airway, has been linked to postoperative complications. The purpose of the initiative was to develop and implement a guideline for patients identified as high-risk for OSA to reduce complications related to OSA. DESIGN: A multidisciplinary team developed the guideline utilizing the Iowa Model of Evidence-Based Practice to Promote Quality Care. METHODS: PubMed literature search from 2006-2013 and critique of over 40 articles were completed...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784254/evidence-based-practice-in-perianesthesia-nursing-application-of-the-american-geriatrics-society-clinical-practice-guideline-for-postoperative-delirium-in-older-adults
#20
Catherine Hebert
Delirium is a pervasive and dangerous syndrome for older adults in the perianesthesia setting, occurring in up to 60% of surgical cases. The American Geriatrics Society performed a systematic review to develop recommendations for the prevention and management of postoperative delirium in older adults. The recommendations emphasize nonpharmacologic interventions with a strong focus on reducing the use of psychoactive medication. Perianesthesia nurses can serve as leaders in translating these recommendations into evidence-based practice at the bedside for older adults...
June 2018: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing: Official Journal of the American Society of PeriAnesthesia Nurses
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