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Biglycan

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436002/characterization-of-the-chondrocyte-secretome-in-photoclickable-poly-ethylene-glycol-hydrogels
#1
Margaret C Schneider, Christopher A Barnes, Stephanie J Bryant
Poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogels are highly tunable platforms that are promising cell delivery vehicles for chondrocytes and cartilage tissue engineering. In addition to characterizing the type of extracellular matrix (ECM) that forms, understanding the types of proteins that are secreted by encapsulated cells may be important. Thus, the objectives for this study were to characterize the secretome of chondrocytes encapsulated in PEG hydrogels and determine whether the secretome varies as a function of hydrogel stiffness and culture condition...
April 24, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424419/integrated-analysis-of-genes-associated-with-poor-prognosis-of-patients-with-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastasis
#2
Zhenyuan Qian, Guobing Zhang, Guangyuan Song, Ji Shi, Lijie Gong, Yiping Mou, Yong Han
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignances in the gut. Liver is the most common metastasis site of CRC. This study focuses on the primary CRC and its liver metastasis, aiming to discover several liver metastasis related genes and provide therapeutic candidates. We compared gene expression patterns among the groups of normal colorectal mucosa, primary tumor and the liver metastasis using a CRC gene expression dataset. 84 genes were found to be upregulated in both primary tumor and liver metastases...
April 11, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419987/extracellular-matrix-mediates-bmp-2-in-a-model-of-temporomandibular-joint-osteoarthritis
#3
Maya Shirakura, Vardit Kram, Jennifer Robinson, Sheena Sikka, Tina M Kilts, Sunil Wadhwa, Marian F Young
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) osteoarthritis (OA) is a complex disease that affects both cartilage and subchondral bone. It is accompanied by loss of extracellular matrix (ECM) and may be controlled by bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2). We analyzed the effect of BMP-2 in both cartilage and subchondral bone in a TMJ-OA animal model that is deficient in biglycan (Bgn) and fibromodulin (Fmod) (Bgn-/-Fmod-/-). Whole mandibles were dissected from 3-week-old wild-type (WT) and Bgn-/-Fmod-/- mice and incubated with and without 250 µg/mL BMP-2 for 2 days using an explant culture system...
April 19, 2017: Cells, Tissues, Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408374/expression-of-biglycan-in-first-trimester-chorionic-villous-sampling-placental-samples-and-altered-function-in-telomerase-immortalized-microvascular-endothelial-cells
#4
Amy Chui, Tilini Gunatillake, Shaun P Brennecke, Vera Ignjatovic, Paul T Monagle, John M Whitelock, Dagmar E van Zanten, Jasper Eijsink, Yao Wang, James Deane, Anthony J Borg, Janet Stevenson, Jan Jaap Erwich, Joanne M Said, Padma Murthi
OBJECTIVE: Biglycan (BGN) has reduced expression in placentae from pregnancies complicated by fetal growth restriction (FGR). We used first trimester placental samples from pregnancies with later small for gestational age (SGA) infants as a surrogate for FGR. The functional consequences of reduced BGN and the downstream targets of BGN were determined. Furthermore, the expression of targets was validated in primary placental endothelial cells isolated from FGR or control pregnancies. APPROACH AND RESULTS: BGN expression was determined using real-time polymerase chain reaction in placental tissues collected during chorionic villous sampling performed at 10 to 12 weeks' gestation from pregnancies that had known clinical outcomes, including SGA...
April 13, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28385241/synthesis-of-macromolecular-mimics-of-small-leucine-rich-proteoglycans-with-a-poly-ethylene-glycol-core-and-chondroitin-sulphate-bristles
#5
Sumona Sarkar, Carli Moorehead, Katsiaryna Prudnikova, Caroline L Schauer, Lynn S Penn, Michele Marcolongo
Small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLRPs) are a class of molecules prevalent in almost all tissues types and are thought to be responsible for collagen organization and macro-scale biological properties. However, when they are dysfunctional or degraded, severe pathological phenotypes are observed. Here we investigate macromolecular mimics to SLRPs using poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) as a core (replacing the protein core of natural SLRPs) and chondroitin sulphate (CS) bristle(s) in an end-on attachment (via epoxide-amine reactions), mimicking the physical structure of the natural SLRPs...
June 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356486/caveat-emptor-for-researchers-a-rose-will-not-smell-sweet-unless-we-know-its-composition
#6
Josephine C Adams
In a recent publication in Bioscience Reports "Contaminants in commercial preparations of 'purified' small leucine-rich proteoglycans may distort mechanistic studies", Brown et al. identified by mass spectrometry and immuno-blotting that certain commercial preparations of the small leucine-rich proteoglycans (SLPRs) decorin and biglycan in fact contained a mix of several proteoglycans that also included fibromodulin and aggrecan. The preparations were thus not suitable to study specific activities of decorin or biglycan...
March 29, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346368/pathophysiological-significance-of-dermatan-sulfate-proteoglycans-revealed-by-human-genetic-disorders
#7
REVIEW
Shuji Mizumoto, Tomoki Kosho, Shuhei Yamada, Kazuyuki Sugahara
The indispensable roles of dermatan sulfate-proteoglycans (DS-PGs) have been demonstrated in various biological events including construction of the extracellular matrix and cell signaling through interactions with collagen and transforming growth factor-β, respectively. Defects in the core proteins of DS-PGs such as decorin and biglycan cause congenital stromal dystrophy of the cornea, spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia, and Meester-Loeys syndrome. Furthermore, mutations in human genes encoding the glycosyltransferases, epimerases, and sulfotransferases responsible for the biosynthesis of DS chains cause connective tissue disorders including Ehlers-Danlos syndrome and spondyloepimetaphyseal dysplasia with joint laxity characterized by skin hyperextensibility, joint hypermobility, and tissue fragility, and by severe skeletal disorders such as kyphoscoliosis, short trunk, dislocation, and joint laxity...
March 27, 2017: Pharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322869/scaffold-free-high-throughput-generation-of-quiescent-valvular-microtissues
#8
Annelies Roosens, Inès Puype, Ria Cornelissen
AIMS: The major challenge of working with valvular interstitial cells in vitro is the preservation or recovery of their native quiescent state. In this study, a biomimetic approach is used which aims to engineer small volume, high quality valve microtissues, having a potential in regenerative medicine and as a relevant 3D in vitro model to provide insights into valve (patho)biology. METHODS AND RESULTS: To form micro-aggregates, porcine valvular interstitial cells were seeded in agarose micro-wells and cultured in medium supplemented with 250μM Ascorbic Acid 2-phosphate for 22days...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282921/biglycan-and-sphingosine-kinase-1-signaling-crosstalk-regulates-the-synthesis-of-macrophage-chemoattractants
#9
Louise Tzung-Harn Hsieh, Madalina-Viviana Nastase, Heiko Roedig, Jinyang Zeng-Brouwers, Chiara Poluzzi, Stephanie Schwalm, Christian Fork, Claudia Tredup, Ralf P Brandes, Malgorzata Wygrecka, Andrea Huwiler, Josef Pfeilschifter, Liliana Schaefer
In its soluble form, the extracellular matrix proteoglycan biglycan triggers the synthesis of the macrophage chemoattractants, chemokine (C-C motif) ligand CCL2 and CCL5 through selective utilization of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and their adaptor molecules. However, the respective downstream signaling events resulting in biglycan-induced CCL2 and CCL5 production have not yet been defined. Here, we show that biglycan stimulates the production and activation of sphingosine kinase 1 (SphK1) in a TLR4- and Toll/interleukin (IL)-1R domain-containing adaptor inducing interferon (IFN)-β (TRIF)-dependent manner in murine primary macrophages...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214837/efficacy-of-glucosamine-sulphate-in-skin-ageing-results-from-an-ex-vivo-anti-ageing-model-and-a-clinical-trial
#10
Audrey Gueniche, Isabelle Castiel-Higounenc
BACKGROUND: Glucosamine sulphate (GS) is essential in the biosynthesis of glycolipids, glycoproteins, glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), hyaluronate, and proteoglycans. Connective tissues primarily contain collagen and proteoglycans and play an important role in skin ageing. OBJECTIVE: The objectives were to assess ex vivo the impact of GS on skin ageing parameters and in vivo the effect of GS on the skin physiology of mature healthy volunteers after oral intake. METHODS: The impact of GS on skin ageing was assessed ex vivo via different immunohistochemical assays and histology and via a clinical study using biopsies...
2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199387/dermatan-sulfate-is-a-player-in-the-transglutaminase-2-interaction-network
#11
Grzegorz Wisowski, Ewa M Koźma, Tomasz Bielecki, Adam Pudełko, Krystyna Olczyk
Transglutaminase 2 (TG2) is a multifunctional protein that is primarily engaged in cell adhesion/signaling or shows Ca2+-dependent transglutaminase activity in the extracellular space of tissues. This latter action leads to the cross-linking of the extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins. The enhanced extracellular expression of TG2 is associated with processes such as wound healing, fibrosis or vascular remodeling that are also characterized by a high deposition of dermatan sulfate (DS) proteoglycans in the ECM...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131044/biglycan-expression-earlier-vascular-damage-and-pro-atherogenic-profile-improvement-after-smoke-cessation-in-young-people
#12
Giuseppe Mandraffino, Caterina Oriana Aragona, Michele Scuruchi, Federica Mamone, Angela D'Ascola, Angela Alibrandi, Maurizio Cinquegrani, Carmela Morace, Lilia Oreto, Carlo Saitta, Enricomaria Mormina, Scipione Carerj, Antonino Saitta, Egidio Imbalzano
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Young cigarette smokers may already present with early signs of vascular inflammation and damage; biglycan (BGN) has been shown to play a critical role in the initiation and progression of vascular lesions, also in young smokers. We investigated whether after smoke cessation, monocyte BGN expression is reduced; moreover, we evaluated any improvement of pro-atherogenic profile and arterial stiffness (AS), and their relationship with BGN in abstinent smokers. METHODS: Two-hundred-fifty-one young people who had decided to quit smoking were enrolled; of these, 71 had completed the 12-month observation period maintaining smoking abstinence...
February 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116125/use-of-fgf-2-and-fgf-18-to-direct-bone-marrow-stromal-stem-cells-to-chondrogenic-and-osteogenic-lineages
#13
Cindy Shu, Susan M Smith, Christopher B Little, James Melrose
AIM: Intervertebral disc degeneration/low back pain is the number one global musculoskeletal condition in terms of disability and socioeconomic impact. MATERIALS & METHODS: Multipotent mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) were cultured in micromass pellets ± FGF-2 or -18 up to 41 days, matrix components were immunolocalized and gene expression monitored by quantitative-reverse transcription PCR. RESULTS: Chondrogenesis occurred earlier in FGF-18 than FGF-2 cultures...
December 2016: Future Science OA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097378/-molecular-pathogenesis-of-duchenne-muscular-dystrophy-related-fibrosis
#14
K Ohlendieck, D Swandulla
Progressive myofibrosis plays a key role in Duchenne muscular dystrophy. The dystrophic loss of contractile cells triggers a relatively nonspecific restructuring of the surrounding mesenchyme. The increase in connective and fatty tissue leads to muscular weakness and is therefore of critical importance for the cellular pathogenesis of muscular dystrophy. The systematic biochemical analysis of fibrosis using comparative proteomics has identified a number of extracellular matrix proteins that are indirectly involved in muscular dystrophy...
January 17, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096061/connexin37-deficiency-alters-organic-bone-matrix-cortical-bone-geometry-and-increases-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#15
Rafael Pacheco-Costa, Jay R Kadakia, Emily G Atkinson, Joseph M Wallace, Lilian I Plotkin, Rejane D Reginato
Deletion of connexin (Cx) 37 in mice leads to increased cancellous bone mass due to defective osteoclast differentiation. Paradoxically; however, Cx37-deficient mice exhibit reduced cortical thickness accompanied by higher bone strength, suggesting a contribution of Cx37 to bone matrix composition. Thus, we investigated whether global deletion of Cx37 alters the composition of organic bone extracellular matrix. Five-month-old Cx37(-/-) mice exhibited increased marrow cavity area, and periosteal and endocortical bone surface resulting in higher total area in tibia compared to Cx37(+/+) control mice...
January 16, 2017: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075546/matrix-pathobiology-central-roles-for-proteoglycans-and-heparanase-in-health-and-disease
#16
Nikos K Karamanos
This thematic minireview series highlights new concepts in matrix pathobiology. The reviews in this series cover the roles of the two matrix proteoglycans, decorin and biglycan, in inflammation and autophagy, the various functions of syndecans in cancer development and prognosis and the recently discovered mechanisms underlying the multiple roles of heparanase in cancer progression, inflammation, and autophagy.
January 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054366/the-role-of-molecular-pain-biomarkers-in-temporomandibular-joint-internal-derangement
#17
REVIEW
Malin Ernberg
There is evidence that low-grade inflammation may be responsible for pain and development of degenerative changes in temporomandibular joint internal derangement. This article reviews the current knowledge of the molecular mechanisms behind TMJ internal derangements. A non-systematic search was carried out in PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane library for studies regarding pathophysiological mechanisms behind internal derangements focusing on pain mediating inflammatory and cartilage degrading molecules. Recent data suggests that release of cytokines may be the key event for pain and cartilage destruction in TMJ internal derangements...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019669/transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-modulates-the-expression-of-syndecan-4-in-cultured-vascular-endothelial-cells-in-a-biphasic-manner
#18
Takato Hara, Eiko Yoshida, Yasuyuki Fujiwara, Chika Yamamoto, Toshiyuki Kaji
Proteoglycans are macromolecules that consist of a core protein and one or more glycosaminoglycan side chains. Previously, we reported that transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1 ) regulates the synthesis of a large heparan sulfate proteoglycan, perlecan, and a small leucine-rich dermatan sulfate proteoglycan, biglycan, in vascular endothelial cells depending on cell density. Recently, we found that TGF-β1 first upregulates and then downregulates the expression of syndecan-4, a transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan, via the TGF-β receptor ALK5 in the cells...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005443/identification-and-characterization-of-adult-mouse-meniscus-stem-progenitor-cells
#19
Laura W Gamer, Rui Rui Shi, Ashira Gendelman, Dylan Mathewson, Jackson Gamer, Vicki Rosen
Meniscal damage is a common problem that accelerates the onset of knee osteoarthritis. Stem cell-based tissue engineering treatment approaches have shown promise in preserving meniscal tissue and restoring meniscal function. The purpose of our study was to identify meniscus-derived stem/progenitor cells (MSPCs) from mouse, a model system that allows for in vivo analysis of the mechanisms underlying meniscal injury and healing. MSPCs were isolated from murine menisci grown in explant culture and characterized for stem cell properties...
December 22, 2016: Connective Tissue Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994093/association-of-anti-citrullinated-protein-or-peptide-antibodies-with-left-ventricular-structure-and-function-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#20
Laura Geraldino-Pardilla, Cesare Russo, Jeremy Sokolove, William H Robinson, Afshin Zartoshti, Jenny Van Eyk, Justyna Fert-Bober, Joao Lima, Jon T Giles, Joan M Bathon
Objective.: High levels of ACPAs in RA are associated with more severe arthritis and worse prognosis. However, the role of ACPAs in mediating the increased risk of heart failure in RA remains undefined. We examined whether specific ACPAs were associated with subclinical left ventricular (LV) phenotypes that presage heart failure. Methods.: Sera from RA patients without clinical cardiovascular disease were assayed for specific ACPAs using a custom Bio-Plex bead assay, and their cross-sectional associations with cardiac magnetic resonance-derived LV measures were evaluated...
April 1, 2017: Rheumatology
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