keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dialysis Adequacy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903856/laparoscopic-left-hemicolectomy-for-colon-cancer-in-peritoneal-dialysis-patients-a-valid-and-safe-surgical-technique-to-ensure-peritoneal-dialysis-survival
#1
Sara Auricchio, Giulio Mari, Andrea Galassi, Beatrice Dozio, Marco Pozzi, Dario Maggioni, Renzo Scanziani
A laparoscopic approach represents an effective alternative to open surgery in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis (PD). In these patients, conventional thinking provides for removal of the peritoneal catheter during left colon resections because of higher risk of patient contamination and peritonitis. The present paper describes 3 cases of laparoscopic left hemicolectomy for colon cancer performed in PD patients without complications and without peritoneal catheter removal, leading to subsequent early PD resumption...
November 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896236/the-effect-of-bcaa-and-iso-whey-oral-nutritional-supplements-on-dialysis-adequacy
#2
Effat Afaghi, Ali Tayebi, Abbas Ebadi, Vahid Sobhani, Behzad Einollahi, Mehdi Tayebi
BACKGROUND: Protein-energy malnutrition is a common problem in hemodialysis patients and has different outcomes such as reduced quality of life, longer hospitalization time, lower dialysis adequacy, and higher mortality rate. Investigation of dialysis adequacy is an important method for assessing hemodialysis patients, and improving the dialysis adequacy is an important healthcare team goal. OBJECTIVES: The present study aims to investigate and compare the effects of BCAA and ISO-WHEY oral nutritional supplements on dialysis adequacy...
November 2016: Nephro-urology Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882810/what-has-changed-in-the-prevalence-of-hypertension-in-dialyzed-children-during-the-last-decade
#3
Marcin Tkaczyk, Małgorzata Stańczyk, Monika Miklaszewska, Katarzyna Zachwieja, Ryszard Wierciński, Roman Stankiewicz, Agnieszka Firszt-Adamczyk, Jacek Zachwieja, Halina Borzęcka, Ilona Zagożdżon, Beata Leszczyńska, Anna Medyńska, Piotr Adamczyk, Maria Szczepańska, Wojciech Fendler
BACKGROUND: Hypertension very often accompanies progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in children. A cross-sectional analysis of hypertension prevalence in dialyzed children in Poland was designed with a comparison with the data previously recorded 10 years earlier. METHODS: Two cohorts of children were analyzed: 59 subjects dialyzed in 2013, and 134 children from the previous study performed in 2003 that were reevaluated according to the current methodology...
November 24, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876356/-low-flux-dialysate-daily-home-hemodialysis-a-result-for-the-62%C3%A2-first-french-and-belgian-patients
#4
Anaïs Benabed, Patrick Henri, Thierry Lobbedez, Eric Goffin, Simona Baluta, Abdelkader Benziane, Ahmed Rachi, Johan W van der Pijl, Clémence Bechade, Maxence Ficheux
Since 2011, a new device is available for low flux dialysate quotidian home hemodialysis in France and Belgium. This study aims to evaluate the characteristics and dialysis prescriptions for Nx Stage System One™ users. We retrospectively included patients trained between 2011 and 2013 in France and Belgium. We collected data concerning their clinical features, their dialysis prescriptions, their laboratory parameters until 6 months of dialysis and, reason for dropping in case of cessation. Sixty-two patients from 31 centers, aged 48±18 years old, with a sex ratio 46/16 (M/F) are included with a median Charlson comorbidity index of 1 [0-3]...
November 18, 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866375/pre-operative-assessment-for-arteriovenous-fistula-placement-for-dialysis
#5
REVIEW
Maria G Marques, Pedro Ponce
Native AV fistulas are considered to be the best VA for most dialysis patients. A careful preoperative process of care is essential to maximize the proportion of fistulas that achieve adequacy for dialysis. An individualized and timely evaluation of patients starts early with the identification of risk factors, followed by a physical examination which should be complemented by ultrasound vascular mapping in most cases. Vascular mapping includes any technique that leads to information on patient's inflow and outflow anatomy (± hemodynamics) as they relate to arteriovenous access creation and may predict maturation...
November 20, 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859427/citrate-buffered-dialysis-solution-citrasate-allows-avoidance-of-anticoagulation-during-intermittent-hemodiafiltration-at-the-cost-of-decreased-performance-and-systemic-biocompatibility
#6
Pavlina Richtrova, Jan Mares, Lukas Kielberger, Ladislav Trefil, Jaromir Eiselt, Tomas Reischig
Reportedly, citrate-based dialysis solution enables heparin dose tapering or even complete exclusion, particularly in postdilution hemodiafiltration (HDF). The aim of the study was to verify this strategy in predilution setting and to assess its short-term safety, efficacy, and biocompatibility. Ten regular hemodialysis patients were assigned to predilution HDF on acetate- and citrate-based dialysis solutions (0.8 mmol/l trisodium citrate) at random order. Acetate HDF was performed using routine dose of heparin while citrate HDF was heparin free...
November 10, 2016: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857008/-the-effect-of-dialysate-flow-rate-on-dialysis-adequacy-and-fatigue-in-hemodialysis-patients
#7
Sun Mi Cha, Hye Sook Min
PURPOSE: In this single repeated measures study, an examination was done on the effects of dialysate flow rate on dialysis adequacy and fatigue in patients receiving hemodialysis. METHODS: This study was a prospective single center study in which repeated measures analysis of variance were used to compare Kt/V urea (Kt/V) and urea reduction ratio (URR) as dialysis adequacy measures and level of fatigue at different dialysate flow rates: twice as fast as the participant's own blood flow, 500 mL/min, and 700 mL/min...
October 2016: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803725/association-between-anxiety-and-depression-with-dialysis-adequacy-in-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis
#8
Afshan Najafi, Sorena Keihani, Nazila Bagheri, Atefeh Ghanbari Jolfaei, Azadeh Mazaheri Meybodi
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are common among hemodialysis patients and affect their treatment outcomes. Dialysis adequacy also affects the hemodialysis patients' survival rates. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between anxiety and depression with dialysis adequacy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 127 hemodialysis patients (73 males, 57.5%) with the mean age of 55.7 ± 17.5 were enrolled. Demographic and recent laboratory data were collected using self-administered questionnaires and by reviewing medical records...
June 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796620/peritoneal-dialysis-for-the-management-of-pediatric-patients-with-acute-kidney-injury
#9
Anil Vasudevan, Kishore Phadke, Hui-Kim Yap
Renal replacement therapy (RRT) is the most important supportive measure used in the management of acute kidney injury (AKI). Peritoneal dialysis (PD) is a safe, simple and inexpensive procedure and has been used in pediatric AKI patients, ranging from neonates to adolescents. It is the modality of choice for RRT in developing countries with cost constraints and limited resources. However, its use has declined with the availability of newer types of extracorporeal modalities for RRT in the developed world. Much controversy exists regarding the dosing and adequacy of PD in the management of AKI...
October 28, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766679/hemodialysis-time-and-kt-v-less-may-be-better
#10
James Tattersall
Current guidelines focus on conventional dialysis defined as 3-5 hours, three times per week, and suggest that longer or more frequent dialysis be considered. This paper presents the case for considering that shorter or less frequent dialysis should also be considered. More frequent and/or longer dialysis facilitates control of fluid overload, blood pressure, and phosphate levels. These benefits will require time to translate into probable hard outcome improvement. Patients are unlikely to participate in productive or pleasurable activities while undergoing dialysis in center or traveling to treatment...
October 20, 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721228/a-randomized-clinical-trial-of-the-effect-of-pentoxifylline-on-c-reactive-protein-level-and-dialysis-adequacy-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-on-maintenance-hemodialysis
#11
Parvin Soltani, Pardis Ketabi Moghaddam, Farshid Haghverdi, Ali Cheraghi
INTRODUCTION:  C-reactive protein (CRP) is increased among patients on maintenance hemodialysis. Such inflammatory markers can result in protein-energy deficit syndromes and low adequacy of dialysis in these patients. This study evaluated the effect of pentoxifylline on serum CRP level and KT/V in end-stage renal disease patients on maintenance hemodialysis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This 1-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial involving 73 patients with end-stage renal disease on maintenance hemodialysis assessed the effectiveness of 400 mg/d of pentoxifylline on serum CRP level decrease and improvement of dialysis adequacy...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679720/the-impact-of-haemodialysis-arteriovenous-fistula-on-haemodynamic-parameters-of-the-cardiovascular-system
#12
Carlo Basile, Luigi Vernaglione, Francesco Casucci, Pasquale Libutti, Piero Lisi, Luigi Rossi, Valentina Vigo, Carlo Lomonte
BACKGROUND: Satisfactory vascular access flow (Qa) of an arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is necessary for haemodialysis (HD) adequacy. The aim of the present study was to further our understanding of haemodynamic modifications of the cardiovascular system of HD patients associated with an AVF. The main objective was to calculate using real data in what way an AVF influences the load of the left ventricle (LLV). METHODS: All HD patients treated in our dialysis unit and bearing an AVF were enrolled into the present observational cross-sectional study...
October 2016: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668161/low-prealbumin-levels-are-independently-associated-with-higher-mortality-in-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis
#13
Kyung Hee Lee, Jang-Hee Cho, Owen Kwon, Sang-Un Kim, Ryang Hi Kim, Young Wook Cho, Hee-Yeon Jung, Ji-Young Choi, Chan-Duck Kim, Yong-Lim Kim, Sun-Hee Park
BACKGROUND: Prealbumin, a sensitive marker for protein-energy status, is also known as an independent risk factor for mortality in hemodialysis patients. We investigated the impact of prealbumin on survival in incident peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. METHODS: In total, 136 incident PD patients (mean age, 53.0 ± 15.8 years) between 2002 and 2007 were enrolled in the study. Laboratory data, dialysis adequacy, and nutritional parameters were assessed 3 months after PD initiation...
September 2016: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663037/scaling-hemodialysis-target-dose-to-reflect-body-surface-area-metabolic-activity-and-protein-catabolic-rate-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#14
Sivakumar Sridharan, Enric Vilar, Andrew Davenport, Neil Ashman, Michael Almond, Anindya Banerjee, Justin Roberts, Ken Farrington
BACKGROUND: Women and small men treated by hemodialysis (HD) have reduced survival. This may be due to use of total-body water (V) as the normalizing factor for dialysis dosing. In this study, we explored the equivalent dialysis dose that would be delivered using alternative scaling parameters matching the current recommended minimum Kt/V target of 1.2. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 1,500 HD patients on a thrice-weekly schedule, recruited across 5 different centers...
September 20, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650800/the-effect-of-renal-dysfunction-and-haemodialysis-on-circulating-liver-specific-mir-122
#15
Laura Rivoli, A D Bastiaan Vliegenthart, Carmelita M J de Potter, Job J M H van Bragt, Nikolaos Tzoumas, Peter Gallacher, Tariq E Farrah, Neeraj Dhaun, James W Dear
AIMS: microRNA-122 (miR-122) is a hepatotoxicity biomarker with utility in the management of paracetamol overdose and in drug development. Renal dysfunction and haemodialysis have been associated with a reduction in circulating microRNA. The objective of this study was to determine their effect on miR-122. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 17 patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) on haemodialysis, 22 healthy controls, 30 patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and 15 patients post-kidney transplantation...
September 21, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605680/risk-factors-for-decline-of-residual-renal-function-in-children-treated-with-peritoneal-dialysis
#16
Maria Roszkowska-Blaim, Piotr Skrzypczyk
♦ BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to assess risk factors for residual renal function (RRF) decline in children during the first/second year of chronic peritoneal dialysis (PD). ♦ METHODS: The study group included 56 children with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) (age 10.13 ± 4.86 years), including 18 on continuous ambulatory PD (CAPD) and 38 on automated PD (APD), in whom we evaluated RRF (daily diuresis [mL/m(2)/24 h], residual glomerular filtration rate (rGFR) [mL/min/1.73 m(2)]), etiology of ESRD, PD fluid volume (mL/m(2)/24 h), glucose load (g/m(2)/24 h), ultrafiltration (mL/m(2)/24 h), peritoneal permeability (D/PCrea 4h, D/D0 Glu 4h), dialysis adequacy (twKt/V, twCCr [L/week/1...
November 2016: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27601912/predialysis-hypotension-is-not-a-predictor-for-mortality-in-long-term-hemodialysis-patients-insight-from-a-single-center-observational-study
#17
Wen-Hung Huang, Ching-Wei Hsu, Ching-Chih Hu, Tzung-Hai Yen, Cheng-Hao Weng
INTRODUCTION: Predialysis hypotension has been noted to be a predictor of mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Previous studies evaluating the impact of predialysis hypotension on the mortality of HD patients did not exclude patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) or cardiovascular disease. METHODS: Eight hundred and sixty-six patients on maintenance HD were recruited. Clinical parameters were recorded and subjected to the analysis of predictors of predialysis hypotension and mortality...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592623/dose-targeting-metrics-in-conventional-and-intensive-maintenance-dialysis
#18
Shubha Ananthakrishnan, Thomas A Depner
Hemodialysis has come a long way since its early days and is a life sustaining therapy for millions of people with end-stage kidney disease throughout the world. Although thrice weekly hemodialysis remains the most common form of renal replacement therapy, other therapies such as more frequent, prolonged dialysis modalities have seen a rise recently. In this review, we compare and contrast methods for measuring the dialysis dose, with a focus on small molecule clearance (Kt/Vurea ) among various dialysis modalities...
November 2016: Seminars in Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587603/solute-solver-what-if-module-for-modeling-urea-kinetics
#19
John T Daugirdas
BACKGROUND: The publicly available Solute Solver module allows calculation of a variety of two-pool urea kinetic measures of dialysis adequacy using pre- and postdialysis plasma urea and estimated dialyzer clearance or estimated urea distribution volumes as inputs. However, the existing program does not have a 'what if' module, which would estimate the plasma urea values as well as commonly used measures of hemodialysis adequacy for a patient with a given urea distribution volume and urea nitrogen generation rate dialyzed according to a particular dialysis schedule...
September 1, 2016: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582136/incremental-peritoneal-dialysis-a-10-year-single-centre-experience
#20
Massimo Sandrini, Valerio Vizzardi, Francesca Valerio, Sara Ravera, Luigi Manili, Roberto Zubani, Bernardo J A Lucca, Giovanni Cancarini
INTRODUCTION: Incremental dialysis consists in prescribing a dialysis dose aimed towards maintaining total solute clearance (renal + dialysis) near the targets set by guidelines. Incremental peritoneal dialysis (incrPD) is defined as one or two dwell-times per day on CAPD, whereas standard peritoneal dialysis (stPD) consists in three-four dwell-times per day. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Single-centre cohort study. Enrollement period: January 2002-December 2007; end of follow up (FU): December 2012...
December 2016: Journal of Nephrology
keyword
keyword
25983
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"