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Osteopenia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689700/physical-health-conditions-associated-with-full-and-subthreshold-ptsd-in-u-s-military-veterans-results-from-the-national-health-and-resilience-in-veterans-study
#1
Renée El-Gabalawy, Caitlin Blaney, Jack Tsai, Jennifer A Sumner, Robert H Pietrzak
BACKGROUND: While both full and subthreshold posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) may be linked to physical conditions, contemporary population-based data on these associations in military veterans are scarce. Further, little is known about how component aspects of PTSD, which is a heterogeneous disorder, may relate to physical conditions in this population. METHODS: Data were analyzed from a population-based sample of 3157 U.S. military veterans who participated in the 2011 National Health and Resilience in Veterans Study...
February 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29688413/sex-related-differences-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-results-of-2-prospective-cohort-studies
#2
Mirjam Severs, Lieke M Spekhorst, Marie-Josée J Mangen, Gerard Dijkstra, Mark Löwenberg, Frank Hoentjen, Andrea E van der Meulen-de Jong, Marieke Pierik, Cyriel Y Ponsioen, Gerd Bouma, Janneke C van der Woude, Mirthe E van der Valk, Marielle J L Romberg-Camps, Cees H M Clemens, Paul van de Meeberg, Nofel Mahmmod, Jeroen Jansen, Bindia Jharap, Rinse K Weersma, Bas Oldenburg, Eleonora A M Festen, Herma H Fidder
Background: The understanding of gender differences in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients is an important step towards tailored treatment for the individual patient. The aim of this study was to compare disease phenotype, clinical manifestations, disease activity, and healthcare utilization between men and women with Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Methods: Two multicenter observational cohort studies with a prospective design were used to explore the differences between men and women regarding demographic and phenotypic characteristics and healthcare utilization...
April 21, 2018: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687967/vertebral-compression-fractures-associated-with-yoga-a-case-series
#3
Jad G Sfeir, Matthew T Drake, Vikram J Sonawane, Mehrsheed Sinaki
BACKGROUND: The importance of exercise in skeletal health is increasingly recognized by both patients and providers. However, the safety of prescribed or recreational exercise in at-risk populations remains under-reported and under-publicized. Yoga has gained widespread popularity due to its physical and psychological benefits. When practiced in a population at increased fracture risk, however, some yoga poses may increase fracture risk, particularly at the spine, rather than increasing BMD as noted in recent popular press reports...
April 24, 2018: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684579/age-and-gender-associations-with-systemic-corticosteroid-induced-morbidity-in-asthma
#4
Luke E Barry, Ciaran O'Neill, Chris Patterson, Joan Sweeney, David Price, Liam G Heaney
BACKGROUND: Treatment of severe asthma may include high dose systemic-corticosteroid therapy which is associated with substantial comorbidity. There is evidence to suggest that this burden is not evenly distributed across age, gender and corticosteroid exposure levels. OBJECTIVE: Examine the associations between age, gender, comorbidity, and patterns of healthcare cost across groups differentiated by corticosteroid exposure. METHODS: Patients with severe asthma (n=808) were matched by age and gender to patients with mild/moderate asthma (n=3,975) and non-asthma control subjects (n=2,412) from the Optimum Patient Care Research Database (OPCRD)...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681106/van-maldergem-syndrome-and-hennekam-syndrome-further-delineation-of-allelic-phenotypes
#5
Ivan Ivanovski, Susan Akbaroghli, Marzia Pollazzon, Chiara Gelmini, Stefano Giuseppe Caraffi, Mahboubeh Mansouri, Zahra Chavoshzadeh, Simonetta Rosato, Valeria Polizzi, Giancarlo Gargano, Marielle Alders, Livia Garavelli, Raoul C Hennekam
Biallelic variants in FAT4 are associated with the two disorders, Van Maldergem syndrome (VMS) (n = 11) and Hennekam syndrome (HS) (n= 40). Both conditions are characterized by a typical facial gestalt and mild to moderate intellectual disability, but differ in the occurrence of neonatal hypotonia and feeding problems, hearing loss, tracheal anomalies, and osteopenia in VMS, and lymphedema in HS. VMS can be caused by autosomal recessive variants in DCHS1 as well, and HS can also be caused by autosomal recessive variants in CCBE1 and ADAMTS3...
May 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680408/silicosis-decreases-bone-mineral-density-in-rats
#6
Zhang Hui, Xu Dingjie, Yuan Yuan, Wei Zhongqiu, Mao Na, Bei Mingjian, Gou Yu, Liu Guangyuan, Gao Xuemin, Li Shifeng, Geng Yucong, Yang Fang, Ross Summer, Xu Hong
Silicosis is the most common occupational lung disease in China, and is associated with a variety of complications, many of which are poorly understood. For example, recent data indicate that silicosis associates with the development of osteopenia, and in some cases this bone loss is severe, meeting criteria for osteoporosis. Although many factors are likely to contribute to this relationship, including a sedentary lifestyle in patients with advanced silicotic lung disease, we hypothesized that silica might directly reduce bone mineral density...
April 19, 2018: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676289/natural-history-and-outcome-of-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-in-children-in-saudi-arabia-a-single-center-experience
#7
Khalid M Alreheili, Khalid A Alsaleem, Ali I Almehaidib
Background/Aim: Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a chronic gastrointestinal disorder which includes ulcerative colitis (UC), Crohn's disease (CD), and indeterminate colitis (IC). The natural history of pediatric IBDs is poorly understood and generally unpredictable. We aim to study the natural history of IBD in Saudi children including the extraintestinal manifestations, changes in diagnosis, disease behavior, medical management, and surgical outcome. Patients and Methods: A retrospective review of all the charts of children less than 14 years of age who were diagnosed as IBD and followed up in King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center (KFSH and RC) from January 2001 to December 2011 was performed...
April 18, 2018: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672438/alterations-of-inflammatory-and-matrix-production-indices-in-celiac-disease-with-low-bone-mass-on-long-term-gluten-free-diet
#8
Michele Di Stefano, Manuela Bergonzi, Irene Benedetti, Mara De Amici, Cristina Torre, Natascia Brondino, Emanuela Miceli, Elisabetta Pagani, Gian L Marseglia, Gino R Corazza, Antonio Di Sabatino
BACKGROUND: A clinically meaningful impairment of bone mass secondary to malabsorption is frequent in untreated celiac disease. In adult patients, a rigorous gluten-free diet (GFD) significantly improves, but does not always normalize, bone mineral density (BMD). The reason for this marginal response is unclear. Accordingly, we evaluated the role of both local and systemic factors for bone loss in celiac patients on long-term GFD. STUDY: In a prospective cohort, 22 patients with low lumbar and/or femoral BMD and 22 with normal BMD underwent bone and mineral metabolism evaluation: we tested calcium, phosphate, parathyroid hormone, and vitamin D; telopeptide of type I collagen, a bone resorption index; propeptide of type I procollagen, a bone neoformation index; receptor antagonist of NF-kB ligand, an osteoclast-stimulating factor; osteoprotegerin (OPG), a decoy receptor for RANKL...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670797/recurrent-migratory-transient-bone-marrow-edema-of-the-knees-associated-with-low-vitamin-d-and-systemic-low-bone-mineral-density-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Omar Alsaed, Mohammad Hammoudeh
Transient bone marrow edema (TBME) is a self-limiting disease characterized by joint pain with localized bone marrow edema by MRI and has been reported in many case series and case reports. It is well known that joints of the lower extremity including hips, knees, ankles, and feet are the classical sites for TBME. Many theories have been proposed for the pathogenesis of TBME. Systemic osteopenia and vitamin D deficiency is one of the theories that have been suggested in the last few years. In this case report, we present a middle-aged male patient, who presented with 4 attacks of TBME in both knees between September 2016 and August 2017...
2018: Case Reports in Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667012/bone-marrow-adipocyte-developmental-origin-and-biology
#10
REVIEW
Joanna Bukowska, Trivia Frazier, Stanley Smith, Theodore Brown, Robert Bender, Michelle McCarthy, Xiying Wu, Bruce A Bunnell, Jeffrey M Gimble
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review explores how the relationships between bone marrow adipose tissue (BMAT) adipogenesis with advancing age, obesity, and/or bone diseases (osteopenia or osteoporosis) contribute to mechanisms underlying musculoskeletal pathophysiology. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies have re-defined adipose tissue as a dynamic, vital organ with functions extending beyond its historic identity restricted solely to that of an energy reservoir or sink. "State of the art" methodologies provide novel insights into the developmental origin, physiology, and function of different adipose tissue depots...
April 18, 2018: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665846/correlation-of-serum-levels-of-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-and-klotho-protein-levels-with-bone-mineral-density-in-maintenance-hemodialysis-patients
#11
Shubei Zheng, Yan Chen, Yu Zheng, Zhihong Zhou, Zhanyuan Li
OBJECTIVE: The correlation of serum fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) and Klotho protein levels with bone mineral density (BMD) in maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients was analyzed. METHODS: Between January 2015 and November 2015, 125 MHD patients in our hospital were enrolled. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to examine the BMD in the femoral neck and lumbar spine of MHD patients. The patients were divided into three groups: a normal bone mass group, an osteopenia group, and an osteoporosis group...
April 17, 2018: European Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662200/targeting-sphingosine-1-phosphate-lyase-as-an-anabolic-therapy-for-bone-loss
#12
Sarah Weske, Mithila Vaidya, Alina Reese, Karin von Wnuck Lipinski, Petra Keul, Julia K Bayer, Jens W Fischer, Ulrich Flögel, Jens Nelsen, Matthias Epple, Marta Scatena, Edzard Schwedhelm, Marcus Dörr, Henry Völzke, Eileen Moritz, Anke Hannemann, Bernhard H Rauch, Markus H Gräler, Gerd Heusch, Bodo Levkau
Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) signaling influences bone metabolism, but its therapeutic potential in bone disorders has remained unexplored. We show that raising S1P levels in adult mice through conditionally deleting or pharmacologically inhibiting S1P lyase, the sole enzyme responsible for irreversibly degrading S1P, markedly increased bone formation, mass and strength and substantially decreased white adipose tissue. S1P signaling through S1P2 potently stimulated osteoblastogenesis at the expense of adipogenesis by inversely regulating osterix and PPAR-γ, and it simultaneously inhibited osteoclastogenesis by inducing osteoprotegerin through newly discovered p38-GSK3β-β-catenin and WNT5A-LRP5 pathways...
April 16, 2018: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658534/the-influence-of-osteoporotic-bone-structures-of-the-pelvic-hip-complex-on-stress-distribution-under-impact-load
#13
Katarzyna Arkusz, Tomasz Klekiel, Niezgoda Niezgoda, Romuald Będziński
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of bone mineral density (BMD) on the stress distribution in pelvic-hip complex (PHC) model which included bone structures and soft tissues. Bone mass changes in osteoporosis and osteopenia were considered in this analysis. In addition, the relations between force direction and stress distribution causing PHC fractures were determined. METHODS: This paper presents the development and validation of a detailed 3D finite element model with high anatomical fidelity of the PHC and BMD changes in trabecular and cortical bones, modelled based on CT scans...
2018: Acta of Bioengineering and Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657025/physical-fitness-adiposity-and-diets-as-surrogate-measures-of-bone-health-in-schoolchildren-a-biochemical-and-cross-sectional-survey-analysis
#14
Ahmad H Alghadir, Sami A Gabr, Ashraf A Rizk
This study aimed to investigate the associations between adiposity, muscular fitness (MF), diet, sun exposure, and physical activity profiles as surrogate measures with bone health status in a sample of schoolchildren aged 8-18 yr old. A total of 250 Egyptian schoolchildren aged 8-18 yr were randomly invited to participate in these cross-sectional survey analyses. Calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (c-BUA), bone mineral density (BMD), and bone formation markers (total calcium, serum bone alkaline phosphatase, and osteocalcin) were measured as markers of bone health...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653285/adipokines-and-bone-status-in-a-cohort-of-anorexic-patients
#15
Isabelle Legroux-Gérot, Jean Vignau, Odile Viltart, Pierre Hardouin, Christophe Chauveau, Bernard Cortet
INTRODUCTION: Bone loss in anorexia nervosa (AN) is multifactorial; its mechanisms are not yet clearly understood and may vary depending on disease duration and severity. To determine to what extent adipokines may be involved in the bone alterations found in anorexic patients, we evaluated plasma levels for leptin, adiponectin and Pref-1 against other clinical and biological parameters in a population of anorexic patients split according to weight and bone status. METHODS: Plasma concentrations of leptin, total adiponectin, high molecular weight (HMW) adiponectin, and Pref-1 were measured...
April 10, 2018: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650194/fracture-risk-prediction-in-post-menopausal-women-with-osteopenia-and-osteoporosis-preliminary-findings
#16
Nik Noor Kaussar Nik Mohd Hatta, Muhammad Lokman, Mohd Said N, Azlina Daud, Muhammad Ibrahim, Mohd Ariff Sharifudin, Samsul Deraman
OBJECTIVE: The study aims to identify the risk of obtaining a fracture among post-menopausal women with osteopenia and osteoporosis. METHOD: This work was a cross-sectional study involving a purposive sample of 87 post-menopausal women who attended the orthopedic and menopause clinics of Hospital Tengku Ampuan Afzan, Kuantan. The data were entered into the WHO fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX® ) to predict major fracture and risk for hip fracture in 10 years' time...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650139/follow-up-management-of-cystectomy-patients
#17
REVIEW
Madhumitha Reddy, Karim Kader
Bladder cancer is the sixth leading cancer in the United States. Radical cystectomy is a lifesaving procedure for bladder cancer with or without muscle invasion. Radical cystectomy is performed on 39% of these patients, and 35% will have a life-threatening recurrence. Distant metastases are the most common; local, upper tract, and urethral recurrence can also occur. Surveillance after cystectomy is critical to diagnosing recurrence early. Functional complications after urinary diversion include bowel dysfunction, vitamin B12 deficiency, acidosis, electrolyte abnormalities, osteopenia, nephrolithiasis, urinary tract infections, renal functional decline, and urinary obstruction, which can be reversed when diagnosed early...
May 2018: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643899/influence-of-apelin-13-on-osteoporosis-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-clinical-study
#18
Supin Liu, Wenlong Wang, Linlin Yin, Yitang Zhu
Objective: To investigate the relationship between serum level of Apelin-13 and bone mineral density (BMD) as well as other parameters, and determine the influence of Apelin-13 on osteoporosis in patients with Type-2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: Seventy-six patients with Type-2 diabetes mellitus were recruited from Department of Endocrinology of our hospital between January 2013 and July2017. The clinical data, including age, gender, height, weight, body mass index (BMI) and disease duration were recorded for all patients...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624982/clinical-interventions-in-osteosarcopenic-obesity-nutrition-physical-and-psychological-activity
#19
Ana Isabel García-González, Zoraida Axtle-Serrano, Miriam López-Teros, Claudia Szlejf, Adrián Martínez-Ruiz, Oscar Rosas-Carrasco
Osteosarcopenic obesity (OSO) is a condition associated with adverse outcomes in older adults. Since it is a condition which includes three tissues (obesity, sarcopenia and osteopenia/osteoporosis), it requires simultaneous and multidisciplinary clinical interventions to revert it. Until this moment, there have been published review articles only focused on nutrition or physical activity. However, we believe that assembling the existing evidence on potential treatments (nutritional intervention with micro- and macronutrients), physical activity, farmacological treatment for osteopenia/osteoporosis, possible farmacological treatment for sarcopenia, and, finally, psychological interventions focused on the treatment of psychiatric comorbidities (such as anxiety or depression) will help healthcare providers to improve the body composition of older adults...
2018: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623650/multi-scale-approach-for-the-evaluation-of-bone-mineralization-in-strontium-ranelate-treated-diabetic-rats
#20
Pedro Álvarez-Lloret, Juan Manuel Fernández, María Silvina Molinuevo, Agustina Berenice Lino, José Luis Ferretti, Ricardo Francisco Capozza, Ana María Cortizo, Antonio Desmond McCarthy
Long-term diabetes mellitus can induce osteopenia and osteoporosis, an increase in the incidence of low-stress fractures, and/or delayed fracture healing. Strontium ranelate (SrR) is a dual-action anti-osteoporotic agent whose use in individuals with diabetic osteopathy has not been adequately evaluated. In this study, we studied the effects of an oral treatment with SrR and/or experimental diabetes on bone composition and biomechanics. Young male Wistar rats (half non-diabetic, half with streptozotocin/nicotinamide-induced diabetes) were either untreated or orally administered 625 mg/kg/day of SrR for 6 weeks...
April 5, 2018: Biological Trace Element Research
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