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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718463/-chewing-on-bruxism-associations-consequences-and-management
#1
F Lobbezoo, R Jacobs, A DE Laat, G Aarab, P Wetselaar, D Manfredini
In this second part of a diptych on bruxism, the focus is on the associations of this masticatory muscle activity with other sleep-related conditions. Its association with the obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) has been a particular object of study. Bruxism seems to play a protective role in OSAS, although the evidence for this is not yet conclusive. Apart from this possible positive consequence, bruxism also has several negative consequences, for which evidence is available to a greater or lesser extent...
July 2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Tandheelkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714658/the-effect-of-progressive-shoulder-neck-exercise-on-cervical-muscle-functions-of-middle-aged-and-senior-patients-with-chronic-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
I Hsien Lin, Kwang H Chang, Tsan H Liou, Chih M Tsou, Yi C Huang
BACKGROUNDː Although neck pain is a common musculoskeletal disorder, there is no consensus on suitable exercise methods for middle-aged and senior patients with chronic neck pain. Therefore, this study investigated the effectiveness of a 6-week shoulder-neck exercise intervention program on cervical muscle function improvement in ≥45-year old patients with chronic neck pain. AIM: To evaluated the effects of progressive shoulder-neck exercise on cervical muscle functions of middle-aged and senior patients with chronic neck pain...
July 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713116/therapeutic-evaluation-of-cervical-dysfunction-in-patients-with-myofascial-pain-dysfunction-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#3
B Smriti Jagdhari, Motwani Mukta, A Golhar Saket, Anil V Golhar
AIM: The aim of this study was to find out the therapeutic correlation between cervical dysfunction and myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome (MPDS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study included 46 patients out of which 23 had MPDS with cervical pain (group I), and 23 patients had only MPDS (group II). Detailed history and examination of the patients were carried out, and the factors taken into consideration were pain and tenderness of muscles of mastication and neck muscles, maximum comfortable mouth opening, and cervical range of motion...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704635/rehabilitation-and-improvement-of-health-related-quality-of-life-detriments-in-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability-a-meta-analysis
#4
Cameron J Powden, Johanna M Hoch, Matthew C Hoch
OBJECTIVE:   To conduct a systematic review with meta-analysis assessing the effectiveness of conservative rehabilitation programs for improving health-related quality of life (HRQL) in individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI). DATA SOURCES:   PubMed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and SPORTDiscus were searched from inception to January 2016. STUDY SELECTION:   Studies were included if the researchers examined the effects of a conservative rehabilitation protocol in individuals with CAI, used validated patient-reported outcomes (PROs) to quantify participant-perceived HRQL, and provided adequate data to calculate the effect sizes (ESs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702118/comparison-of-nutech-functional-score-with-european-stroke-scale-for-patients-with-cerebrovascular-accident-treated-with-human-embryonic-stem-cells-nfs-for-cva-patients-treated-with-hescs
#5
Geeta Shroff
PURPOSE: Stem cell therapy is a promising modality for treatment of patients with chronic cerebrovascular accident (CVA) in whom treatment other than physiotherapy or occupational therapy does not address the repair or recovery of the lost function. In this study, the author aimed at evaluating CVA patients treated with human embryonic stem cell (hESC) therapy and comparing their study outcomes with globally accepted European Stroke Scale (ESS) to that with novel scoring system, Nutech functional score (NFS), a 21-point positional and directional scoring system for assessing patients with CVA...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691003/leadership-development-of-rehabilitation-professionals-in-a-low-resource-country-a-transformational-leadership-project-based-model
#6
Maureen Romanow Pascal, Monika Mann, Kim Dunleavy, Julia Chevan, Liliane Kirenga, Assuman Nuhu
BACKGROUND AND RATIONALE: This paper presents an overview of the activities and outcomes of the Leadership Institute (LI), a short-term leadership development professional development course offered to physiotherapists in a low-resource country. Previous studies have provided examples of the benefits of such programs in medicine and nursing, but this has yet to be documented in the rehabilitation literature. The prototype of leadership development presented may provide guidance for similar trainings in other low-resource countries and offer the rehabilitation community an opportunity to build on the model to construct a research agenda around rehabilitation leadership development...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668871/the-sentinel-node-with-isolated-breast-tumor-cells-or-micrometastases-benefits-and-risks-of-axillary-dissection
#7
Vilma Madekivi, Pia Boström, Ritta Aaltonen, Tero Vahlberg, Eeva Salminen
BACKGROUND/AIM: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy has become the standard procedure to identify metastases in axillary nodes in breast cancer. Even after careful SLN examination additional micrometastases and isolated tumor cells (ITCs) are sometimes found, resulting in a need for delayed axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). This study was undertaken to assess prognostic factors identifying additional axillary lymph node (ALN) metastases at delayed ALND. PATIENTS AND METHODS: To define the impact of late ALND regarding their outcome, 162 breast cancer patients with 169 operated breasts treated between 2010 and 2012 were evaluated, with follow-up through 2016...
July 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664420/treatment-beliefs-underlying-intended-treatment-choices-in-knee-and-hip-osteoarthritis
#8
Ellen M H Selten, Rinie Geenen, Henk J Schers, Frank H J van den Hoogen, Roelien G van der Meulen-Dilling, Willemijn H van der Laan, Marc W Nijhof, Cornelia H M van den Ende, Johanna E Vriezekolk
PURPOSE: Patients' beliefs about treatment modalities for knee and hip osteoarthritis (OA) will underlie their treatment choices. Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior, it is hypothesized that patients' beliefs, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control guide their treatment choices. Also, symptom severity and one's inherent tendency to approach or avoid situations are assumed to play a role. The objective of this study was to test whether these variables were associated with intended treatment choices in knee and hip OA...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662942/secretion-clearance-strategies-in-australian-and-new-zealand-intensive-care-units
#9
George Ntoumenopoulos, Naomi Hammond, Nicola R Watts, Kelly Thompson, Gabrielle Hanlon, Jennifer D Paratz, Peter Thomas
INTRODUCTION/AIMS: To describe the processes of care for secretion clearance in adult, intubated and mechanically ventilated patients in Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Units (ICUs). METHODS/RESULTS: A prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted through the Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Clinical Trials Group (ANZICS CTG) Point Prevalence Program. Forty-seven ICUs collected data from 230 patients intubated and ventilated on the study day...
June 26, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662010/-the-impact-of-dynamic-platform-exercises-on-knee-joint-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-gonarthrosis-treated-with-microfracture-method
#10
Kamil Klupiński, Jakub Krochmalski, Marta Woldańska-Okońska
Osteoarthritis is the most common joint disease. Gonarthrosis is one of the most serious diseases the highly developed modern medicine must face. The number of patients suffering from joint pain and progressive disability is growing, especially in economically developed countries. Over the years, the disease has been considered merely as a symptom of aging and the effect of "wear and tear" of the cartilage. At present it is known that the degenerative joint disease is of chronic and progressive nature and its pathogenesis is complex...
June 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655562/physiotherapists-beliefs-and-attitudes-influence-clinical-practice-in-chronic-low-back-pain-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-studies
#11
Tania Gardner, Kathryn Refshauge, Lorraine Smith, James McAuley, Markus Hübscher, Stephen Goodall
QUESTION: What influence do physiotherapists' beliefs and attitudes about chronic low back pain have on their clinical management of people with chronic low back pain? DESIGN: Systematic review with data from quantitative and qualitative studies. Quantitative and qualitative studies were included if they investigated an association between physiotherapists' attitudes and beliefs about chronic low back pain and their clinical management of people with chronic low back pain...
July 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637143/validity-and-reliability-of-an-activity-monitor-to-quantify-arm-movements-and-activity-in-adults-following-distal-radius-fracture
#12
Andrea M Bruder, Jodie A McClelland, Nora Shields, Karen J Dodd, Raphael Hau, Alexander T M van de Water, Nicholas F Taylor
PURPOSE: To examine the validity and reliability of an activity monitor to estimate upper limb activity. METHODS: Thirty-two adults after distal radial fracture were recruited. 15 adults performed five upper limb activities during two testing sessions, one week apart to investigate criterion validity against the criterion reference of three-dimensional motion analysis, convergent validity, and test-retest reliability. 17 adults in two therapy groups wore monitors for three consecutive days at baseline and six weeks post-intervention...
February 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626337/is-robot-assisted-therapy-effective-in-upper-extremity-recovery-in-early-stage-stroke-a-systematic-literature-review
#13
REVIEW
GaYeong Kim, SeungYeop Lim, HyunJong Kim, ByungJoon Lee, SeungChul Seo, KiHun Cho, WanHee Lee
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to systematically investigate the effects of robot-assisted therapy on the upper extremity in acute and subacute stroke patients. [Subjects and Methods] The papers retrieved were evaluated based on the following inclusion criteria: 1) design: randomized controlled trials; 2) population: stroke patients 3) intervention: robot-assisted therapy; and 4) year of publication: May 2012 to April 2016. Databased searched were: EMBASE, PubMed and COCHRAN databases. The Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) scale was used to assess the methodological quality of the included studies...
June 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623060/amniotic-band-syndrome-with-pseudoarthrosis-of-tibia-and-fibula-a-case-report
#14
Anitha Ananthan, Gayatri Athalye Jape, Jean Du Plessis, Peter Annear, Rohan Page, Shripada Rao
Constriction of the lower limb by a congenital amniotic band has been proposed to explain the development of pseudoarthrosis of the tibia and fibula. We report a case of amniotic band syndrome in a preterm female infant with pseudoarthrosis of the tibia and fibula. She was born at 29 weeks of gestation with congenital amniotic bands and was noted to have a severely edematous left foot distal to the constricting band with rudimentary digits. The skin was pink and well perfused with palpable pulses. Radiography demonstrated pseudoarthrosis of the tibia and fibula...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617166/challenges-in-providing-timely-physiotherapy-and-opportunities-to-influence-outcomes-for-potential-lung-donors
#15
Cassandra Raios, Jenny L Keating, Nicola Stitt, Helen I Opdam, Elizabeth H Skinner
CONTEXT: There is a critical shortage of donor lungs however, considerable ethical considerations are associated with the conduct of research to optimize care of the potential organ donor. OBJECTIVE: To investigate pathways of consent, respiratory care by physiotherapists and donation rates to contextualize future research on physiotherapy effects on donor lung suitability for procurement. DESIGN: Retrospective audit. SETTING: Australian tertiary hospital...
June 2017: Progress in Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592583/rehabilitation-interventions-to-improve-patient-reported-outcomes-and-physical-fitness-in-survivors-of-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-a-systematic-review-protocol
#16
Elke Rammant, Renée Bultijnck, Nora Sundahl, Piet Ost, Nele S Pauwels, Benedicte Deforche, Ronny Pieters, Karel Decaestecker, Valérie Fonteyne
INTRODUCTION: Survivors of muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) experience physical and psychosocial side effects of cancer diagnosis and treatment. These negative side effects have a crucial impact on their health-related quality of life (HRQoL). To date, there is evidence that rehabilitation interventions such as physical activity and psychosocial support have a positive effect on the HRQoL of cancer survivors. Unfortunately, there are no specific guidelines for rehabilitation or survivorship programmes for MIBC survivors...
June 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589782/the-effect-of-music-on-the-spirituality-of-patients-a-systematic-review
#17
Willyane de Andrade Alvarenga, Ana Carolina Andrade Biaggi Leite, Marina Sanches Oliveira, Lucila Castanheira Nascimento, Fernanda Machado Silva-Rodrigues, Michelle Darezzo Rodrigues Nunes, Emilia Campos de Carvalho
PURPOSE: Although some studies have suggested that music can positively affect physical and psychological variables, few have evaluated its effects on spirituality. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of musical interventions on the spirituality of patients, regardless of diagnoses. METHOD: This was a systematic literature review that followed the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) recommendations conducted through a relevant search of terms in six databases (PubMed, Web of Science, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ScienceDirect, and LILACS) without temporal delimitation...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Holistic Nursing: Official Journal of the American Holistic Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586619/role-of-stretching-exercises-in-the-management-of-constipation-in-spastic-cerebral-palsy
#18
Waqar Ahmed Awan, Tahir Masood
BACKGROUND: Constipation is considered as one of the most common non-motor manifestations in cerebral palsy (CP). Along with other reasons, spasticity also contributes in developing constipation in CP, by decreasing mobility of trunk and lower extremities and abdominal viscera. Stretching exercises of upper extremities, trunk and lower extremities are routine management of spasticity in CP children. The objective of the study was to determine the role of stretching exercises in improving constipation symptoms in children with spastic cerebral palsy and to explore the association between spasticity and constipation among cerebral palsy children...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574321/quality-improvement-in-physiotherapy-services
#19
George Boak, Ruth Sephton, Elaine Hough, Ruth Ten Hove
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate a process change in physiotherapy services and to explore factors that may have influenced the outcomes. Design/methodology/approach This is a multiple case study and information was gathered from eight physiotherapy teams over 24 months. Findings The process change was successfully implemented in six teams. It had a clear, positive effect on service quality provided to patients in three teams. Whilst quality also improved in three other teams, other issues make changes difficult to assess...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573401/effects-of-supervised-vs-unsupervised-training-programs-on-balance-and-muscle-strength-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
André Lacroix, Tibor Hortobágyi, Rainer Beurskens, Urs Granacher
BACKGROUND: Balance and resistance training can improve healthy older adults' balance and muscle strength. Delivering such exercise programs at home without supervision may facilitate participation for older adults because they do not have to leave their homes. To date, no systematic literature analysis has been conducted to determine if supervision affects the effectiveness of these programs to improve healthy older adults' balance and muscle strength/power. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to quantify the effectiveness of supervised vs...
June 1, 2017: Sports Medicine
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