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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315016/biomechanics-of-the-osteoporotic-spine-pain-and-principles-of-training
#1
Guido Schröder, Andreas Knauerhase, Holger S Willenberg, Guenther Kundt, Detlef Wendig, Hans-Christof Schober
INTRODUCTION: A fracture is a clinical manifestation of osteoporosis and is one of the main causes of functional limitations and chronic pain in patients with osteoporosis. Muscle and coordination training are recommended to the patients as general measures. We inquired whether sling training is better than traditional physiotherapy in relieving pain and improving abilities of daily living. METHODS: Fifty patients with osteoporosis were divided into two groups. Group A performed conventional physiotherapy, while Group B performed sling training exercises...
March 17, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277047/patients-with-chronic-pain-may-need-extra-support-when-prescribed-physical-activity-in-primary-care-a-qualitative-study
#2
Monica Joelsson, Susanne Bernhardsson, Maria E H Larsson
BACKGROUND: Physical activity plays an important role in the prevention and treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain, but chronic pain may implicate a poor rehabilitation outcome. The concept of physical activity on prescription (PAP) is a therapeutic option for various diseases, but there is a lack of knowledge about how patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain experience receiving the prescription. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to describe the experiences of and thoughts about receiving a prescription for physical activity of people with chronic musculoskeletal pain...
March 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271231/quantitative-assessment-of-muscle-stiffness-with-acoustic-radiation-force-impulse-elastography-after-botulinum-toxin-a-injection-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#3
Meltem Ceyhan Bilgici, Tumay Bekci, Yasemin Ulus, Ayhan Bilgici, Leman Tomak, Mustafa Bekir Selcuk
PURPOSE: Our objective in this study was to assess the changes in medial gastrocnemius muscle (GCM) stiffness after botulinum toxin A (BTA) injection in children with cerebral palsy (CP) by using acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) elastography and to research the usability of this technique in clinical practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-four spastic lower extremities of 12 children with CP were assessed. BTA injection treatment was applied to the medial GCM...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259770/a-prospective-investigation-of-changes-in-the-sensorimotor-system-following-sports-concussion-an-exploratory-study
#4
Julie A Hides, Melinda M Franettovich Smith, M Dilani Mendis, Nigel A Smith, Andrew J Cooper, Julia Treleaven, Felix Leung, Andrew J Gardner, Paul McCrory, Nancy L Low Choy
BACKGROUND: Sports concussion is a risk for players involved in high impact, collision sports. Post-concussion, the majority of symptoms subside within 7-10 days, but can persist in 10-20% of athletes. Understanding the effects of sports concussion on sensorimotor systems could inform physiotherapy treatment. OBJECTIVE: To explore changes in sensorimotor function in the acute phase following sports concussion. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
February 24, 2017: Musculoskelet Sci Pract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256419/evaluation-of-the-acceptability-of-a-sphygmomanometer-device-in-knee-extension-training-following-surgical-procedures-of-the-knee
#5
Hauke Horstmann, Christian Colcuc, Philipp Lobenhoffer, Christian Krettek, Thomas Sanjay Weber-Spickschen
BACKGROUND: The postoperative treatment after a standard surgical intervention such as knee arthroplasty, proximal tibial osteotomy or supracondylar osteotomy, can have an important impact on the overall treatment outcome. In most cases, outcomes are positively effected by patients receiving physiotherapy and occupational therapy. Basic movements and range of motion need to be learnt. Self-responsible behaviour, which is similar to exercise programs in sports, needs to be supported. However, in most cases the transfer of training techniques into successful and desired postoperative care is not simple...
November 4, 2016: International Journal of Orthopaedic and Trauma Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248538/possible-pathogenetic-mechanisms-and-new-therapeutic-approaches-of-pes-equinovarus
#6
M Ošťádal, J Lišková, D Hadraba, A Eckhardt
Idiopathic pes equinovarus (clubfoot) is a congenital deformity of the foot and lower leg defined as a fixation of the foot in plantar flexion, adduction, supination and varus. The deformity does not affect only the foot position, which is usually investigated by radiography, CT, micro-CT, MRI or ultrasound but logically influence the whole gait biomechanics. It is supposed, that clubfoot belongs to a group of fibroproliferative disorders whose origin and multi-hierarchical effect remain unknown. It has been suggested that fibroblasts and growth factors may be involved...
February 28, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248019/-using-autonomous-electrostimulation-device-erektron-in-treating-female-overactive-bladder
#7
G Yu Yarin, O V Shelyakina, V N Fedorenko, A V Alekseeva, I A Vilgelmi
INTRODUCTION: Overactive bladder (OAB) is one of the most common syndromes of lower urinary tract dysfunction. Besides standard therapy using anticholinergic medications, comprehensive management of overactive bladder includes physiotherapy. AIM: To test the clinical effectiveness and safety of autonomous electrostimulation device "Erektron" in treating OAB in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted at the Urology and Gynecology Clinic of the Innovative Medical Technology Center between 25...
November 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247508/challenging-conversations-with-simulated-patients
#8
Diane Dennis, Anne Furness, Sharon Parry
BACKGROUND: Simulation-based learning (SBL) activities in the health sciences provide students with opportunities to interact with realistic patients and environments. This study aimed to develop and then implement a novel activity using simulation for a large group of mostly millennial physiotherapy students, to enhance their ability to communicate with a challenging patient and to assess their motivation to learn. METHODS: Students enrolled in a second-year communication unit were invited to participate in a non-compulsory unique SBL activity in groups of four for 40 minutes, undertaking two 5-minute simulation scenarios and two debriefing sessions...
February 28, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238221/acquisition-of-involuntary-spinal-locomotion-spinal-walking-in-dogs-with-irreversible-thoracolumbar-spinal-cord-lesion-81-dogs
#9
A Gallucci, L Dragone, M Menchetti, T Gagliardo, M Pietra, M Cardinali, G Gandini
BACKGROUND: Spinal walking (SW) is described as the acquisition of an involuntary motor function in paraplegic dogs and cats without pain perception affected by a thoracolumbar lesion. Whereas spinal locomotion is well described in cats that underwent training trials after experimental spinal cord resection, less consistent information is available for dogs. HYPOTHESIS: Paraplegic dogs affected by a thoracolumbar complete spinal cord lesion undergoing intensive physical rehabilitation could acquire an autonomous SW gait under field conditions...
March 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229917/factors-related-to-self-directed-learning-readiness-of-students-in-health-professional-programs-a-scoping-review
#10
REVIEW
Craig E Slater, Anne Cusick
BACKGROUND: Academic and professional drivers have stimulated interest in self-directed learning of students in pre-certification health professional programs. Particular attention has focussed on factors which may influence a students' readiness for self-directed learning. METHOD: A five stage structured scoping review of published literature was conducted to identify measures of self-directed learning readiness used with students in pre-certification health professional programs and those factors that have been investigated as potential determinants...
February 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218802/non-invasive-ventilation-for-cystic-fibrosis
#11
REVIEW
Fidelma Moran, Judy M Bradley, Amanda J Piper
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation may be a means to temporarily reverse or slow the progression of respiratory failure in cystic fibrosis by providing ventilatory support and avoiding tracheal intubation. Using non-invasive ventilation, in the appropriate situation or individuals, can improve lung mechanics through increasing airflow and gas exchange and decreasing the work of breathing. Non-invasive ventilation thus acts as an external respiratory muscle. This is an update of a previously published review...
February 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215058/effect-of-cervical-versus-thoracic-spinal-manipulation-on-peripheral-neural-features-and-grip-strength-in-subjects-with-chronic-mechanical-neck-pain-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Francisco Bautista-Aguirre, Ángel Oliva-Pascual-Vaca, Alberto M Heredia-Rizo, Juan J Boscá-Gandía, François Ricard, Cleofás Rodriguez-Blanco
BACKGROUND: Cervical and thoracic spinal manipulative therapy has shown positive impact for relief of pain and improve function in non-specific mechanical neck pain. Several attempts have been made to compare their effectiveness although previous studies lacked a control group, assessed acute neck pain or combined thrust and nonthrust techniques. AIM: To compare the immediate effects of cervical and thoracic spinal thrust manipulations on mechanosensitivity of upper limb nerve trunks and grip strength in patients with chronic non-specific mechanical neck pain...
February 17, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203436/chest-physiotherapy-in-mechanically-ventilated-patients-without-pneumonia-a-narrative-review
#13
REVIEW
Herbert D Spapen, Jouke De Regt, Patrick M Honoré
A beneficial adjuvant role of chest physiotherapy (CPT) to promote airway clearance, alveolar recruitment, and ventilation/perfusion matching in mechanically ventilated (MV) patients with pneumonia or relapsing lung atelectasis is commonly accepted. However, doubt prevails regarding the usefulness of applying routine CPT in MV subjects with no such lung diseases. In-depth narrative review based on a literature search for prospective randomized trials comparing CPT with a non-CPT strategy in adult patients ventilated for at least 48 h...
January 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202097/independent-prescriber-physiotherapist-led-balance-clinic-the-southport-and-ormskirk-pathway
#14
L Burrows, T H Lesser, A V Kasbekar, N Roland, M Billing
OBJECTIVE: To report the introduction and impact of non-medical prescribing, initiated to improve patient pathways for those presenting with dizziness and balance disorders. METHODS: The Southport and Ormskirk physiotherapy-led vestibular clinic sees and treats all patients with dizziness and balance disorders referred to the ENT department. Letters are triaged by an audiologist, who also performs an otological examination and hearing test; this is followed by an assessment with the independent prescriber physiotherapist...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197664/-rehabilitation-in-undergraduate-education-and-advanced-professional-training-of-the-participating-professional-groups
#15
Wilfried Mau, Jürgen Bengel, Klaus Pfeifer
In the German health care system, multiprofessional and coordinated rehabilitation care provides support for successful disease management. Against a background of the conditions and strong dynamics of the provision, this article gives an overview of some of the pertinent developments in rehabilitation-related undergraduate education and advanced professional training of physicians, psychologists, and exercise therapy professions in Germany. Frequently, there are few provisions and great variation between different locations...
February 14, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186074/adoption-of-electronic-health-record-system-in-community-based-physiotherapy-clinics-a-pilot-case-study
#16
Alan Yung
QUESTION: Can community-based physiotherapists adopt and use a nationally integrated electronic health record (NEHR) system? DESIGN: Observation and semi-structured interviews in two community-based physiotherapy clinics in Sydney, Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Two physiotherapy practice managers who were also practising physiotherapists. INTERVENTION: The implementation of a nationally integrated EHR system in physiotherapy...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181844/randomised-controlled-trial-of-a-transprofessional-healthcare-role-intervention-in-an-acute-medical-setting
#17
Melissa Kaltner, Doug Murtagh, Marguerite Bennetts, Alison Pighills, Julie James, Annette Scott
As demand for health services increases, attention has turned to the development of alternate models of service delivery that maximise efficiency. These include skill sharing models, in which cross-professional skills are delivered by appropriately trained professionals. The usage of skill sharing models is increasing in some professions, but little evidence on efficacy currently exists. This article reports on an intervention of the use of a transprofessional role, which involved delivery of services from a range of health providers, including physiotherapy, occupational therapy, dietetics, speech pathology, podiatry, social work, and psychology, by a trained professional, developed and trialled in the acute medical setting in Toowoomba Hospital, Queensland, Australia...
March 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166646/the-meanings-of-physiotherapy-and-exercise-for-people-living-with-progressive-cerebellar-ataxia-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#18
Elizabeth Cassidy, Sandra Naylor, Frances Reynolds
PURPOSE: To understand the meanings of exercise and physiotherapy for people living with a progressive cerebellar ataxia. METHOD: An interpretative phenomenological analysis was undertaken with 12 participants (4 women, 8 men) recruited via their membership of a national support group. Semistructured interviews were audiorecorded and transcribed. Data were analyzed using interpretivist methods. RESULTS: Two main themes were constructed. Firstly, participants highly valued building collaborative and supportive long-term therapeutic relationships with expert physiotherapists and were not necessarily looking to improve ataxia-related impairments...
February 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166255/occlusal-stabilization-splint-for-patients-with-temporomandibular-disorders-meta-analysis-of-short-and-long-term-effects
#19
Jovana Kuzmanovic Pficer, Slobodan Dodic, Vojkan Lazic, Goran Trajkovic, Natasa Milic, Biljana Milicic
BACKGROUND: Psychological discomfort, physical disability and functional limitations of the orofacial system have a major impact on everyday life of patients with temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). In this study we sought to determine short and long term effects of stabilization splint (SS) in treatment of TMDs, and to identify factors influencing its efficacy. METHODS: MEDLINE, Web of Science and EMBASE were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) comparing SS to: non-occluding splint, occlusal oral appliances, physiotherapy, behavioral therapy, counseling and no treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161749/cohen-s-mri-scoring-system-has-limited-value-in-predicting-return-to-play
#20
Bruce Hamilton, Arnlaug Wangensteen, Rod Whiteley, Emad Almusa, Liesel Geertsema, Stephen Targett, Johannes L Tol
PURPOSE: Numerous authors have hypothesised that MRI scoring systems provide a valid means of predicting return to play duration following an acute hamstring muscle strain. The purpose is to prospectively investigate the predictive value of the MRI scoring system of Cohen for return to sport (RTS), following an acute hamstring injury. METHODS: Male football (soccer) players (n = 139) with acute onset posterior thigh pain underwent standardised clinical and MRI examinations within 5 days after injury...
February 4, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
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