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Myclonic jerk

Roshan L Koul, Parameswaran M Nair, Alexander Chacko, Poothirikovil Venugopalan
A 10-year-old girl with Fischer`s variant of acute Guillain-Barre syndrome is described. She had predominantly sensory involvement with autonomic dysfunction, ophthalmoplegia and myoclonic jerks. Myoclonus persisted for 2 weeks and the pupillary involvement was evident even after 2 months. The association of myoclonus with Guillain-Barre syndrome has not been previously reported.
July 2002: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Anna Serafini, Guido Rubboli, Gian Luigi Gigli, Michalis Koutroumanidis, Philippe Gelisse
Juvenile myclonic epilepsy (JME) can be firmly diagnosed by a careful interview of the patient focusing on the seizures and by the EEG with the help, if necessary, of long-term video-EEG monitoring using sleep and/or sleep deprivation. Background activity is normal. The interictal EEG shows diffuse or generalized spike-wave (SW) and polyspike-wave (PSW) discharges. In some patients, non-specific changes or misleading features such as focal changes are found. Changes are mostly seen at sleep onset and at awakening...
July 2013: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
Rikard K Wicksell, JoAnne Dahl Olerud
This case study evaluates the clinical effectiveness of a psychological treatment within a behaviour medicine approach to epilepsy of a subject with progressive myoclonic epilepsy. The pattern of seizure behaviour was identified in the behaviour analysis. Self-management skills were taught to the client and in vivo exposure was subsequently used in a desensitization process. The main findings in this study were that the debilitating effects of the myclonic jerks can be reduced and functioning level improved when fear of seizures is reduced...
2003: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
R M Avakian
Behaviouristic and EEG-manifestations of pentylentetrazol convulsions were studied in unrestrained rats with preliminarily destroyed striatum. The operation caused no significant disturbance of the appearance of the spike-wave activity, but sharply inhibited provocation of myoclonic and their change into tonico-clonic convulsions. Besides, there was an increase in the threshold, the duration and the severity of the attack; an epileptic status was even observed in 50% of these rats. Striatectomy eliminated the action of catecholaminergic agents (apomorphine, DOPA, haloperidol, chlorpromazine) on the thresholds of myclonic jerks and the attack...
March 1976: Biulleten' Eksperimental'noń≠ Biologii i Meditsiny
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