keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Definition

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545199/cyberknife-radioablation-of-prostate-cancer-%C3%A2-preliminary-results-for-400-patients
#1
Leszek Miszczyk, Agnieszka Namysł Kaletka, Aleksandra Napieralska, Grzegorz Woźniak, Małgorzata Stąpór Fudzińska, Grzegorz Głowacki, Andrzej Tukiendorf
Objectives: To evaluate the tolerance and effectiveness of stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) applied in the treatment of low and intermediate risk (LR & IR) prostate cancer patients (PCP) and provide an evaluation of the level of risk group impact on treatment results. In addition, androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) usage and prostatic specific antigen (PSA) decline after SABR were assessed. Material and Methods: A total of 400 PCP (213 LR and 187 IR, including T2c) were irradiated with a CyberKnife using fd 7...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545137/re-examining-the-association-between-residential-exposure-to-magnetic-fields-from-power-lines-and-childhood-asthma-in-the-danish-national-birth-cohort
#2
Madhuri Sudan, Onyebuchi A Arah, Thomas Becker, Yael Levy, Torben Sigsgaard, Jørn Olsen, Ximena Vergara, Leeka Kheifets
BACKGROUND: A study reported an increased risk of asthma in children whose mothers were exposed to magnetic field (MF) levels above 0.2 μT during pregnancy. We re-examined this association using data from mothers and children in the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC). METHODS: This study included 92,676 singleton-born children and their mothers from the DNBC. MF exposure from power lines was estimated for all residences where the mothers lived during pregnancy and for all children from birth until the end of follow up...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545066/bayesian-estimation-of-directed-functional-coupling-from-brain-recordings
#3
Danilo Benozzo, Pasi Jylänki, Emanuele Olivetti, Paolo Avesani, Marcel A J van Gerven
In many fields of science, there is the need of assessing the causal influences among time series. Especially in neuroscience, understanding the causal interactions between brain regions is of primary importance. A family of measures have been developed from the parametric implementation of the Granger criteria of causality based on the linear autoregressive modelling of the signals. We propose a new Bayesian method for linear model identification with a structured prior (GMEP) aiming to apply it as linear regression method in the context of the parametric Granger causal inference...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544948/defining-instances-and-limbs-during-performance-of-the-standing-turn
#4
Tina Smith, Siobhán Strike
Conventions have been reported to describe walking and turning gait. No such descriptions appear for the 180° standing turn and as such there are inconsistencies in the literature reporting on this movement. The complexity of explaining the standing turning motion, variation in number of steps when turning, and differing strategies used means conventions will make research reporting easier to comprehend and less likely for errors in interpretation. We propose definitions of the 180° standing turning motion and steps used to complete a turn for able-bodied and pathological populations to encourage consistency in reporting...
May 12, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544924/impact-of-primary-care-on-hospital-admission-rates-for-diabetes-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
R J Wolters, J C C Braspenning, M Wensing
High-quality primary care for diabetes patients may be related to lowered hospital admissions. A systematic search was performed to assess the impact of structure, process, and outcome of primary diabetes care on hospital admission rates, considering patient characteristics. Studies on diabetes patients in primary care with hospitalisation rates as outcomes published between January 1996 and December 2015 were included. Indicators of quality of care (access, continuity and structure of care, process, and outcome indicators) and patient characteristics (age, gender, ethnicity, insurance, socio-economic status, diabetes characteristics, co-morbidity, and health-related lifestyle) were extracted...
May 10, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544813/nursing-diagnosis-risk-for-delayed-surgical-recovery-00246-concept-clarification-and-definition-of-empirical-referents
#6
Simone Martins Rembold, Rosimere Ferreira Santana, Priscilla Alfradique de Souza, Sócrates Miranda de Oliveira Xavier Schwartz
PURPOSE: To clarify the concept of risk for delayed surgical recovery (00246) and to define the empirical referents for identification of predictive factors of delay in recovery. METHOD: A concept analysis was developed based on the eight steps proposed by Walker and Avant. RESULTS: Defining attributes were determined and antecedents and consequents identified. Cases were proposed cases and empirical referents established. CONCLUSION: The results provided evidences and instrumentalize empirical referents, which may support an accurate nursing diagnosis...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Knowledge
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544811/differential-protein-expression-in-exosomal-samples-taken-from-trauma-patients
#7
Ron B Moyron, Amber Gonda, Matthew J Selleck, Xian Luo-Owen, Richard D Catalano, Thomas O'Callahan, Carlos Garberoglio, David Turay, Nathan R Wall
Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) are among the most misdiagnosed and underreported types of head trauma. The potential long-term impact of undiagnosed or incorrectly identified concussions and other head injuries are potentially devastating, as evidenced by the increasing societal burden exhibited by soldiers returning from combat and athletes in contact sports. Concussions and TBI are notoriously difficult to correctly diagnose and prognosis for these injuries is poorly understood. In order to increase the likelihood of successful diagnosis, treatment, and prediction of outcomes, a definitive differential diagnosis will need to be established...
May 25, 2017: Proteomics. Clinical Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544744/structural-basis-for-copper-oxygen-mediated-c-h-bond-activation-by-the-formylglycine-generating-enzyme
#8
Marcel Meury, Matthias Knop, Florian P Seebeck
The formylglycine-generating enzyme (FGE) is a unique copper-protein that catalyzes oxygen-dependent C-H activation. We describe 1.66 Å- and 1.28 Å-resolution crystal structures of FGE from Thermomonospora curvata in complex with either Ag (I) or Cd (II) providing definitive evidence for a high-affinity metal-binding site in this enzyme. The structures reveal a bis-cysteine linear coordination of the monovalent metal, and tetrahedral coordination of the bivalent metal. Similar coordinational change may occur in the active enzyme as a result of Cu (I)/(II) redox cycling...
May 22, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544680/multiscale-modulation-of-nanocrystalline-cellulose-hydrogel-via-nanocarbon-hybridization-for-3d-neuronal-bilayer-formation
#9
Dongyoon Kim, Subeom Park, Insu Jo, Seong-Min Kim, Dong Hee Kang, Sung-Pyo Cho, Jong Bo Park, Byung Hee Hong, Myung-Han Yoon
Bacterial biopolymers have drawn much attention owing to their unconventional three-dimensional structures and interesting functions, which are closely integrated with bacterial physiology. The nongenetic modulation of bacterial (Acetobacter xylinum) cellulose synthesis via nanocarbon hybridization, and its application to the emulation of layered neuronal tissue, is reported. The controlled dispersion of graphene oxide (GO) nanoflakes into bacterial cellulose (BC) culture media not only induces structural changes within a crystalline cellulose nanofibril, but also modulates their 3D collective association, leading to substantial reduction in Young's modulus (≈50%) and clear definition of water-hydrogel interfaces...
May 22, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544670/the-clinical-significance-of-esophagogastric-junction-outflow-obstruction-and-hypercontractile-esophagus-in-high-resolution-esophageal-manometry
#10
D Schupack, D A Katzka, D M Geno, K Ravi
BACKGROUND: Although major manometric abnormalities, the significance of esophagogastric junction outflow obstruction (EGJOO) and hypercontractile esophagus (HE) is poorly understood. We sought to determine long term outcomes for EGJOO and HE. METHODS: High-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM) studies conducted from 5/30/2012 to 8/1/2014 consistent with EGJOO and HE and normal studies from 5/30/12 to 11/1/12 were identified. Standardized follow up was conducted with a phone survey utilizing the impact dysphagia questionnaire (IDQ-10)...
May 23, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544615/suppressing-inflammation-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-does-patient-global-assessment-blur-the-target-a-practice-based-call-for-a-paradigm-change
#11
Ricardo J O Ferreira, Cátia Duarte, Mwidimi Ndosi, Maarten de Wit, Laure Gossec, J A P da Silva
OBJECTIVES: In current management paradigms of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA), patient global assessment (PGA) is crucial to decide whether a patient has attained remission (target) or needs reinforced therapy. We investigated whether the clinical and psychological determinants of PGA are appropriate to support this important role. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, single centre study including consecutive ambulatory RA patients. Data collection comprised swollen (SJC28) and tender joint counts (TJC28), C-Reactive protein (CRP), PGA, pain, fatigue, function, anxiety, depression, happiness, personality traits, and comorbidities...
May 23, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544470/patients-help-seeking-experiences-and-delaying-in-breast-cancer-diagnosis-a-qualitative-study
#12
Mariko Oshiro, Midori Kamizato
AIM: To identify the influencing factors in help-seeking behavior by comparing delayers with non-delayers in Japanese female patients with breast cancer. METHODS: This is a descriptive qualitative study. A total of 21 female patients with breast cancer (nine delayers and 12 non-delayers) who were at least 3 months to 5 years postdiagnosis were recruited from two hospitals in Okinawa, Japan. Semistructured interviews were carried out and the results were analyzed by using a qualitative inductive approach...
May 23, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544357/classification-of-esophageal-motor-findings-in-gastro-esophageal-reflux-disease-conclusions-from-an-international-consensus-group
#13
REVIEW
C P Gyawali, S Roman, A J Bredenoord, M Fox, J Keller, J E Pandolfino, D Sifrim, R Tatum, R Yadlapati, E Savarino
BACKGROUND: High-resolution manometry (HRM) has resulted in new revelations regarding the pathophysiology of gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). The impact of new HRM motor paradigms on reflux burden needs further definition, leading to a modern approach to motor testing in GERD. METHODS: Focused literature searches were conducted, evaluating pathophysiology of GERD with emphasis on HRM. The results were discussed with an international group of experts to develop a consensus on the role of HRM in GERD...
May 24, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544186/safety-and-efficacy-outcomes-of-3rd-generation-des-in-an-all-comer-population-of-patients-undergoing-pci-12-month-and-24-month-results-of-the-e-biomatrix-french-registry
#14
Eric Maupas, Janusz Lipiecki, Raphy Levy, Benjamin Faurie, Bernard Karsenty, Marc Eric Moulichon, François Brunelle, Luc Maillard, Fabien de Poli, Thierry Lefèvre
OBJECTIVES: The French Ebiomatrix registry aimed to confirm the results of the Leaders trial in an all-comer population in France. BACKGROUND: The Leaders trial showed the Biolimus-eluting-sent (BES) to be equivalent to the Cypher stent in terms of safety and efficacy at 1 year and superior regarding stent thrombosis after 1 year. METHODS: BES recipients were enrolled in 42 French centers with up to 24-month clinical follow up. RESULTS: 2365 patients were included...
May 22, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544184/did-some-red-alga-derived-plastids-evolve-via-kleptoplastidy-a-hypothesis
#15
Andrzej Bodył
The evolution of plastids has a complex and still unresolved history. These organelles originated from a cyanobacterium via primary endosymbiosis, resulting in three eukaryotic lineages: glaucophytes, red algae, and green plants. The red and green algal plastids then spread via eukaryote-eukaryote endosymbioses, known as secondary and tertiary symbioses, to numerous heterotrophic protist lineages. The number of these horizontal plastid transfers, especially in the case of red alga-derived plastids, remains controversial...
May 23, 2017: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544157/malignancies-in-korean-patients-with-immunoglobulin-g4-related-disease
#16
Sung Soo Ahn, Jason Jungsik Song, Yong-Beom Park, Sang-Won Lee
AIM: Several studies have implicated increased risk of malignancy in patients with immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD). Hence, we first evaluated the risk and the type of malignancy in Korean IgG4-RD patients. METHOD: Clinical and laboratory results of patients fulfilling the comprehensive diagnostic criteria for IgG4-RD were retrospectively collected between January 2006 and November 2015. One hundred and eighteen patients were included, and 35 were classified as having definite, 83 as possible/probable IgG4-RD...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544146/real-life-clinical-outcomes-with-everolimus-eluting-platinum-chromium-stent-with-an-abluminal-biodegradable-polymer-in-patients-from-the-swedish-coronary-angiography-and-angioplasty-registry-scaar
#17
Giovanna Sarno, Bo Lagerqvist, Göran Olivecrona, Christoph Varenhorst, Mikael Danielewicz, Kristina Hambraeus, Daniel Lindholm, Truls Råmunddal, Nils Witt, Stefan James
BACKGROUND: No previous studies have evaluated the performance of the Synergy stent in a large real-life population. OBJECTIVES: To describe the initial real-life experience with a novel everolimus eluting platinum chromium stent with abluminal biodegradable polymer (SYNERGY) in unselected patients from a nationwide registry. METHODS: All implanted Synergy stents were compared with other new generation drug eluting stents (n-DES) with >1,000 implantations in Sweden between March 2013 and October 2015...
May 22, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544041/marked-variability-observed-in-inpatient-management-of-bronchiolitis-in-three-finnish-hospitals
#18
Varpu Elenius, Eija Bergroth, Petri Koponen, Sami Remes, Pedro A Piedra, Janice A Espinola, Matti Korppi, Carlos A Camargo, Tuomas Jartti
AIM: Infants hospitalised for bronchiolitis undergo examinations and treatments not supported by current research evidence and we investigated practice variations with regard to Finnish children under the age of two. METHODS: This prospective, multi-centre cohort study was conducted in paediatric units in three university hospitals in Finland from 2008-2010. Hospital medical records were reviewed to collect data on clinical course, testing and treatment. Data were analysed separately for children meeting our strict definition of bronchiolitis, aged under 12 months without a history of wheezing, and a loose definition, aged 12-23 months or with a history of wheezing...
May 24, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543931/severe-asthma-in-children
#19
REVIEW
Andrew Bush, Louise Fleming, Sejal Saglani
Most children with asthma have their disease easily controlled if low-dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) are regularly and correctly administered. If a child presents with asthma which is apparently resistant to therapy with high-dose ICS and other controllers, then they have problematic severe asthma. However, in light of the UK National Review of Asthma Deaths, definitions of severe asthma based solely on the levels of prescribed treatment are too narrow. A detailed assessment of all such children should be performed...
May 25, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543860/a-unique-case-of-bilateral-ovarian-splenosis-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
Maria Giulia Disanto, Francesca Mercalli, Andrea Palicelli, Alberto Arnulfo, Renzo Boldorini
Splenosis is an acquired anomaly related to heterotopic auto-transplantation of splenic tissue following abdominal trauma or splenectomy. We report the first definitive bilateral ovarian case in a 65-year-old woman who underwent splenectomy following a motor vehicle accident 44 years prior to presentation. We review the literature and discuss the main differential diagnoses. Gross examination revealed a 1-cm well-circumscribed dark nodule on the surface of each ovary. Paraffin-embedded, formalin-fixed blocks were sectioned and stained with hematoxylin-eosin and immunostains (CK5/6, Calretinin, WT1, Vimentin)...
May 25, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
keyword
keyword
25963
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"