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Mucoepidermoid carcinoma

Hai-Jie Hu, Rong-Xing Zhou, Fei Liu, Jun-Ke Wang, Fu-Yu Li
RATIONALE: Pancreatic mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) is a rare disease with no more than 10 cases reported in literature. The prognosis is poor and few patients can survival more than 1 year. PATIENT CONCERNS: We presented a case of patient manifested as left upper abdominal pain. Computed tomography demonstrated a low-density shadow measuring 2.1 × 2.4 cm situated at the transition area of neck and body of the pancreas with obscure boundary and irregular enhancement...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Alessandro Franchi, Cecilia Taverna, Antonella Simoni, Monica Pepi, Giuditta Mannelli, Martina Fasolati, Oreste Gallo
Recently, it has been reported that deregulation of the receptor activator of NFkB ligand (RANKL)/RANK signaling axis results in salivary gland tumor development in a mouse transgenic model. The aim of this study was to ascertain RANKL and RANK protein expression in a series of primary parotid gland carcinomas and to correlate it with clinicopathologic parameters. Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tumor samples from 46 consecutive cases of parotid gland carcinoma were selected for this study. For comparison, we examined a group of 40 randomly chosen parotid gland adenomas, including 20 pleomorphic adenomas, 10 myoepitheliomas, and 10 Warthin tumors...
February 28, 2018: Applied Immunohistochemistry & Molecular Morphology: AIMM
Kazuhiko Hayashi, Masashi Koto, Yusuke Demizu, Jun-Ichi Saitoh, Hiroaki Suefuji, Tomoaki Okimoto, Tatsuya Ohno, Yoshiyuki Shioyama, Ryo Takagi, Hiroaki Ikawa, Kenji Nemoto, Takashi Nakano, Tadashi Kamada
A retrospective multicenter study was conducted to assess the clinical outcomes of carbon-ion radiotherapy for head and neck malignancies (Japan Carbon-Ion Radiation Oncology Study Group [J-CROS] study: 1402 HN). We evaluated the safety and efficacy of carbon-ion radiotherapy in patients with major salivary gland carcinoma. Sixty-nine patients treated with carbon-ion radiotherapy at 4 Japanese institutions were analyzed. Thirty-three patients (48%) had adenoid cystic carcinomas, 10 (14%) had mucoepidermoid carcinomas, and 26 (38%) had other disease types...
March 1, 2018: Cancer Science
Kenneth Yan, Jessica Yesensky, Rifat Hasina, Nishant Agrawal
Objective: To report on the current state of the literature on the genetics of mucoepidermoid and adenoid cystic carcinomas of the salivary glands with a focus on genomic screens and recently discovered genetic translocations. Methods: A PubMed based literature review was performed to query for genetics related basic science and preclinical studies about mucoepidermoid and adenoid cystic carcinomas of the salivary glands. Results and conclusions: Genetic translocations between CRTC1 and MAML2 in mucoepidermoid carcinoma and between MYB and NFIB in adenoid cystic carcinoma have been recently discovered and have therapeutic implications...
February 2018: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
Aanchal Tandon, Rohit Jaiswal, Safia Siddiqui, Bharadwaj Bordoloi
Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) is the most common benign tumor of major or minor salivary glands. PA exhibits a great histological diversity, such as differentiation into oncocytic, sebaceous, mucinous, squamous, chondroid, osseous or adipose cells. Squamous metaplasia rarely results in the formation of extensive keratin-filled cyst lined by squamous epithelium. Extensive squamous metaplasia can be mistaken for malignancy, including mucoepidermoid carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. Here, we report a case of slowly enlarging PA with extensive squamous metaplasia and keratin cyst formations in a minor salivary gland in hard palate and discuss its microscopic features...
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Sudheer Kanth Kondamari, Sravya Taneeru, Venkateswara Rao Guttikonda, Geetha Kumari Masabattula
Dentigerous cyst (DC) is a developmental odontogenic cyst that encloses the crown of an unerupted tooth by expansion of its follicle with accumulation of fluid between the reduced enamel epithelium and the tooth crown and is attached to the neck of the tooth. The lining of DCs shows a potential for neoplastic transformation to ameloblastoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and mucoepidermoid carcinoma. Here, we report a rare case of an ameloblastoma arising in the wall of a DC.
January 2018: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
Benjamin J Resio, Alexander S Chiu, Jessica Hoag, Andrew P Dhanasopon, Justin D Blasberg, Daniel J Boffa
BACKGROUND: Primary Salivary Type Lung Cancers (PSTLC) such as Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma (ACC) and Mucoepidermoid Carcinoma (MEC) are uncommon primary lung tumors that given their rarity, remain incompletely understood. This study aimed to characterize the management and outcomes associated with these less common pulmonary malignancies. METHODS: Patients in the National Cancer Database (NCDB) diagnosed with primary lung and bronchial (not tracheal) MEC and ACC between 2004-2014 were identified...
February 24, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Ilia Lozev, Sonya Ruseva, Ivan Pidakev, José Carlos Cardoso, Uwe Wollina, Torello Lotti, Georgi Konstantinov Maximov, Ivan Terziev, Georgi Tchernev
Neoplasms of the major and minor salivary glands are morphologically and a clinically diverse group of neoplasms which lead the clinician to diagnostic and management challenges. This article aims to report a case of mucoepidermoid carcinoma in 83 - year - old woman who presented in the dermatology clinic with a tumour mass in the left auricular area. The patient complained of pain and abnormal bleeding of the mass. The lesion was examined, and surgical treatment was performed. A tumour was extirpated, and partial resection of both the parotid gland and the sternocleidomastoid muscle was done...
January 25, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Erik Ames, Michael J Campbell, Alaa Afify, Jeffrey F Krane, Eric C Huang
Sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia (SMECE) is an extremely rare thyroid carcinoma with limited cytologic descriptions in the literature. Here, we present a 52-year-old woman with a 3.9 cm thyroid nodule. Fine-needle aspiration smears consisted of a highly cellular specimen with tumor cells in isolated patterns and solid squamoid nests. Tumor cells had round to oval nuclei, prominent nucleoli, smooth nuclear contours, and moderate amounts of dense cytoplasm. In addition to the polymorphous population of lymphocytes, the background contained a striking abundance of eosinophils...
February 26, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Nurdoğan Ata, Hatice Ünverdi
Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is a malign tumor involving the parotid gland and minor salivary glands. Parotid pure cystic mucoepidermoid carcinoma can also masquerade mucocele, and hence, histopathological examination is crucial to distinguish the 2. Herein, the authors report a patient of mucoepidermoid carcinoma presenting as an asymptomatic mucocele-like cystic parotid mass. A 69-year-old female presented with cystic parotid mass; her examination findings and diagnostic imaging were consistent with that of mucocele...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Eugene Son, Aru Panwar, Charles H Mosher, Daniel Lydiatt
Salivary gland malignancies are rare tumors that comprise multiple histologic entities with diverse clinical behavior. Mucoepidermoid carcinoma is the most frequent primary salivary malignancy, followed by adenoid cystic and acinic cell carcinoma. Although most salivary malignancies are asymptomatic, presentation with a rapidly enlarging mass may be accompanied by pain, functional neurologic deficits, soft-tissue invasion, or nodal enlargement. Assessment of clinical behavior and physical exam greatly contributes to diagnostic workup...
February 2018: Journal of Oncology Practice
Manabu Takamatsu, Yukiko Sato, Mariko Muto, Hiroko Nagano, Hironori Ninomiya, Rie Sakakibara, Satoko Baba, Seiji Sakata, Kengo Takeuchi, Sakae Okumura, Yuichi Ishikawa
Hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma of the bronchial glands is a very rare tumor. Since only five reports describing six tumors have been published to date, only a little is known about specific histologic findings and clinical features. Because of its rarity, hyalinizing clear cell carcinoma has not been described in the latest WHO classification of pulmonary tumors yet. Here we present three cases of bronchial hyalinizing clear cell carcinomas, confirmed by both fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and RT-PCR, focusing on histologic and immunohistochemical characteristics in a comparison with three cases of salivary gland origin...
February 12, 2018: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
Ahmad M Alamri, Xuefeng Liu, Jan K Blancato, Bassem R Haddad, Weisheng Wang, Xiaogang Zhong, Sujata Choudhary, Ewa Krawczyk, Bhaskar V Kallakury, Bruce J Davidson, Priscilla A Furth
Restricted availability of cell and animal models is a rate-limiting step for investigation of salivary gland neoplasm pathophysiology and therapeutic response. Conditionally reprogrammed cell (CRC) technology enables establishment of primary epithelial cell cultures from patient material. This study tested a translational workflow for acquisition, expansion and testing of CRC-derived primary cultures of salivary gland neoplasms from patients presenting to an academic surgical practice. Results showed that cultured cells were sufficient for epithelial cell-specific transcriptome characterization to detect candidate therapeutic pathways and fusion genes, and for screening for cancer risk-associated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and driver gene mutations through exome sequencing...
January 29, 2018: Disease Models & Mechanisms
Mitsuyoshi Hirokawa, Nami Takada, Hideyuki Abe, Ayana Suzuki, Miyoko Higuchi, Akihiro Miya, Toshitetsu Hayashi, Mitsuhiro Fukushima, Akihiko Kawahara, Akira Miyauchi
We report three cases of thyroid sclerosing mucoepidermoid carcinoma with eosinophilia (SMECE), which is an extremely rare variant of mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC). The aims of this report were to describe the clinicopathological findings, including results from immunohistochemical and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis of thyroid SMECE, as well as to discuss the distinction between thyroid SMECE and its salivary counterpart. The cases included a 63-year-old female, a 44-year-old male, and a 66-year-old female, with all patients presenting with Hashimoto's thyroiditis...
February 8, 2018: Endocrine Journal
Neelam Sood, Parismrita Borah
Warthins tumour is characterized by the presence of epithelial proliferation in a lymphoid stroma. It has been categorized as Sieferts types: 1-4, depending on the proportions of the 2 components. Although FNA is fairly accurate in establishing the diagnosis, the cytologic diagnosis of this tumor has potential sources of error. This retrospective study was conducted in the Department of Pathology and Lab Medicine, of a tertiary care hospital. Cytology and surgical pathology records of past 15 years were screened...
February 5, 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Xuefang Liu, Sugai Yin, Yulong Chen, Yaosong Wu, Wanchun Zheng, Haoran Dong, Yan Bai, Yanqin Qin, Jiansheng Li, Suxiang Feng, Peng Zhao
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS), the major outer surface membrane component of Gram-negative bacteria, is one of the main etiological factors in the pathogenesis of several lung diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The respiratory epithelium and the macrophages comprise the dynamic interface between the outside environment and the host response to bacterial infection via cytokine secretion. In the present study, the mechanisms of LPS induced‑inflammatory response in human lung cells and macrophages were investigated...
February 2, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Vivian P Wagner, Manoela D Martins, Marco A T Martins, Luciana O Almeida, Kristy A Warner, Jacques E Nör, Cristiane H Squarize, Rogerio M Castilho
Malignancies from the salivary glands are rare and represent 11% of all cancers from the oropharyngeal anatomical area. Mucoepidermoid Carcinomas (MEC) is the most common malignancy from the salivary glands. Low survival rates of high-grade Mucoepidermoid Carcinomas (MEC) are particularly associated with the presence of positive lymph nodes, extracapsular lymph node spread, and perineural invasion. Most recently, the presence of cancer stem cells (CSC), and the activation of the NFκB signaling pathway have been suggested as cues for an acquired resistance phenotype...
February 1, 2018: Scientific Reports
Meng Cheng, Cuizhi Geng, Tiantian Tang, Zhenchuan Song
RATIONALE: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) of the breast is a rare entity comprising specific morphological and immunohistochemical features, and has been previously only reported in 33 cases. PATIENT CONCERNS: Four cases of MEC of the breast are reported in this study. All patients were women with ages ranging from 39 to 66 years. The lesions consisted of neoplastic solid nests and cystic spaces sometimes filled with mucoid material. DIAGNOSES: At high power, the tumors were composed of various proportions of basaloid, intermediate, epidermoid, and mucinous cells in different cases...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Xuanguang Li, Zhibin Guo, Jinghao Liu, Sen Wei, Dian Ren, Gang Chen, Song Xu, Jun Chen
Primary pulmonary mucoepidermoid carcinoma (PMEC) is extremely rare. Herein, we report a case of a 71-year-old male patient with high-grade PMEC involving the right upper lobe that was successfully resected via lobectomy. As a result of invasion into the pleural and paratracheal lymph nodes, four cycles of adjuvant chemotherapy with paclitaxel and carboplatin were administered. There were no signs of relapse during 10 months of follow-up. Furthermore, we reviewed the literature and summarized the surgical approaches, prognostic factors, and underlying genetic mechanisms of PMEC, which will benefit clinical treatment...
February 2018: Thoracic Cancer
Soussan Irani, Arash Dehghan
Objectives: Mucoepidermoid carcinoma (MEC) accounts for 35% of all malignant salivary gland tumors. Previous investigations have shown that vasculogenic mimicry (VM) exists in many cancers which can be used as a prognostic factor of poor prognosis. Elevated expression level of vascular endothelial (VE)-cadherin has been implicated in cancer neovascularization, growth, and progression. The current study aimed to study the presence of VE-cadherin in VM channels and tumor cells in different grades of MEC...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
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