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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836241/-standardized-development-of-transanal-endoscopic-microsurgery
#1
Guole Lin
Transanal endoscopic microsurgery (TEM) is currently the only one-port system in endoscopic surgery, which a direct endoluminal approach can lead to the target organ through a natural opening of human body. TEM has been applied in colorectal surgery for over 3 decades. Compared with radical surgery, TEM has the advantages, such as quicker recovery, shorter hospital stay and fewer complications. One perfect TEM surgical system, which mainly consists of three parts, namely peculiar rectoscope for surgery, special surgical instruments and imaging system, is the foundation of standardized development of TEM...
August 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777465/basal-progenitor-cells-bridge-the-development-malignant-cancers-and-multiple-diseases-of-esophagus
#2
REVIEW
Baoshun Lin, Fuan Xie, Zhangwu Xiao, Xiaoqian Hong, Liming Tian, Kuancan Liu
The esophagus is a pivotal organ originating from anterior foregut that links the mouth and stomach. Moreover, its development involves precise regulation of multiple signal molecules and signal transduction pathways. After abnormal regulation of these molecules in the basal cells of the esophagus occurs, multiple diseases, including esophageal atresia with or without tracheoesophageal fistula, Barrett esophagus, gastroesophageal reflux, and eosinophilic esophagitis, will take place as a result. Furthermore, expression changes of signal molecules or signal pathways in basal cells and the microenvironment around basal cells both can initiate the switch of malignant transformation...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607808/concomitant-chemoradiotherapy-associated-oral-lesions-in-patients-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#3
Sadia Minhas, Muhammad Kashif, Wasif Altaf, Nadeem Afzal, Abdul Hanan Nagi
OBJECTIVE: : Oral squamous-cell carcinoma (OSCC) accounts for >90% of oral cancers affecting adults mostly between the fourth to seventh decades of life. The most common OSCC treatment is concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) having both loco-regional and distant control, but CCRT has acute and chronic toxic effects on adjacent normal tissue. This study aimed to determine the side effects of CCRT on the oral mucosa and to characterize the clinicopathology of oral lesions in patients with OSCC...
May 2017: Cancer Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356681/complications-in-the-use-of-bilateral-inferiorly-based-nasolabial-flaps-for-advanced-oral-submucous-fibrosis
#4
REVIEW
Rajesh Kshirsagar, Ajay Mohite, Suman Gupta, Amod Patankar, Vikrant Sane, Pratik Raut
Surgical management of advanced oral submucous fibrosis (OSMF) using bilateral inferiorly based nasolabial flaps is becoming increasingly popular. However no comprehensive analysis of delayed complications using this technique is available in the literature. The authors have conducted a retrospective study to examine the delayed complications of bilateral inferiorly based nasolabial flaps used in advanced oral submucous fibrosis at their institute along with a detailed review of literature on the subject. Thirty-two patients from January 2004 to December 2015 with OSMF and an interincisal distance less than 15 mm were included...
July 2016: National Journal of Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286566/gastrointestinal-manifestations-of-mitochondrial-disorders-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Josef Finsterer, Marlies Frank
Mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) due to respiratory-chain defects or nonrespiratory chain defects are usually multisystem conditions [mitochondrial multiorgan disorder syndrome (MIMODS)] affecting the central nervous system (CNS), peripheral nervous system, eyes, ears, endocrine organs, heart, kidneys, bone marrow, lungs, arteries, and also the intestinal tract. Frequent gastrointestinal (GI) manifestations of MIDs include poor appetite, gastroesophageal sphincter dysfunction, constipation, dysphagia, vomiting, gastroparesis, GI pseudo-obstruction, diarrhea, or pancreatitis and hepatopathy...
January 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250638/odontoidectomy-through-posterior-midline-approach-followed-by-same-sitting-occipitocervical-fixation-a-cadaveric-study
#6
Ehab Mohamed Eissa, Mohamed Mohi Eldin
OBJECT: Atlantoaxial instability with irreducible odontoid process is one of the challenges in spine surgery. These lesions are commonly treated through anterior transoral approach which is followed by posterior atlantoaxial fusion. However, there are still many limitations, especially cerebrospinal fluid fistula with subsequent life-threatening infection, difficulty in cases with limited opening of mouth due to temporomandibular arthritis or anomalies of naso-oropharynx. Türe et al...
January 2017: Journal of Craniovertebral Junction and Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239314/second-korean-guidelines-for-the-management-of-crohn-s-disease
#7
REVIEW
Jae Jun Park, Suk-Kyun Yang, Byong Duk Ye, Jong Wook Kim, Dong Il Park, Hyuk Yoon, Jong Pil Im, Kang Moon Lee, Sang Nam Yoon, Heeyoung Lee
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, progressive, and disabling inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with an uncertain etiopathogenesis. CD can involve any site of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus, and is associated with serious complications, such as bowel strictures, perforations, and fistula formation. The incidence and prevalence rates of CD in Korea are still lower compared with those in Western countries, but they have been rapidly increasing during the recent decades. Although there are no definitive curative modalities for CD, various medical and surgical therapies have been applied for the treatment of this disease...
January 2017: Intestinal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194043/bovine-serum-albumin-glutaraldehyde-sealed-fish-mouth-closure-of-the-pancreatic-remnant-during-distal-pancreatectomy
#8
Fritz Klein, Igor Maximilian Sauer, Johann Pratschke, Marcus Bahra
Introduction. Postoperative pancreatic fistula formation remains the major complication after distal pancreatectomy. At our institution, we have recently developed a novel bovine serum albumin-glutaraldehyde sealed hand sutured fish-mouth closure technique of the pancreatic remnant during distal pancreatectomy. The aim of this study was to analyze the impact of this approach with regard to technical feasibility and overall postoperative outcome. Patients and Methods. 32 patients who underwent a bovine serum albumin-glutaraldehyde sealed hand sutured fish-mouth closure of the pancreatic remnant during distal pancreatectomy between 2012 and 2014 at our institution were analyzed for clinically relevant postoperative pancreatic fistula formation (Grades B and C according to ISGPF definition) and overall postoperative morbidity...
2017: HPB Surgery: a World Journal of Hepatic, Pancreatic and Biliary Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135790/-second-korean-guidelines-for-the-management-of-crohn-s-disease
#9
REVIEW
Jae Jun Park, Suk Kyun Yang, Byong Duk Ye, Jong Wook Kim, Dong Il Park, Hyuk Yoon, Jong Pil Im, Kang Moon Lee, Sang Nam Yoon, Heeyoung Lee
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic, progressive, and disabling inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) with an uncertain etiopathogenesis. CD can involve any site of the gastrointestinal tract from the mouth to the anus, and is associated with serious complications, such as bowel strictures, perforations, and fistula formation. The incidence and prevalence rates of CD in Korea are still lower compared with those in Western countries, but they have been rapidly increasing during the recent decades. Although there are no definitive curative modalities for CD, various medical and surgical therapies have been applied for the treatment of this disease...
January 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994431/congenital-bilateral-syngnathia-and-tracheoesophageal-fistula-a-rare-presentation
#10
Ankit Khasgiwala, Sagar Jangam, Shashi Sharma, Vilas Newaskar
Congenital syngnathia (CS), first reported by Burket in 1936, is a rare condition, with <50 reported cases and is associated with other conditions and syndromes. CS restricts mouth opening, causing difficulty in feeding, swallowing, and respiration. This report puts forth the clinical findings and management of this challenging condition in association with tracheoesophageal fistula in a neonate.
October 2016: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885569/delayed-retrieval-of-a-displaced-maxillary-third-molar-from-infratemporal-space-via-trans-sinusoidal-approach-a-case-report-and-the-review-of-the-literature
#11
REVIEW
Metin Sencimen, Aydin Gülses, Sencer Secer, Tamer Zerener, Savaş Özarslantürk
AIM: The aim of this case report is to present the trans-sinusoidal pathway used to remove a displaced maxillary third molar from the infratemporal fossa and review the English literature regarding the techniques used. CASE REPORT: A 21-year-old male patient was referred with the findings of an oroantral fistula on the left maxillary vestibular first molar region and slight restriction of mouth opening. The patient underwent a maxillary sinus surgery in order to remove a sinus retention cyst via Caldwell-Luc access in a dental clinic 4 years ago...
March 2017: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865221/-massive-upper-airway-bleeding-a-rare-case-of-aortobronchial-fistula
#12
Paola Gudiel Arriaza, Amparo Sánchez Serrano, Jorge Marques do Vale, Isabel Gil Pereira, António Simões Torres, Maria José Martín Sánchez
Clinical presentation of haemoptysis and haematemesis often generates confusion, becoming a difficult task to determine the source of upper airway bleeding. Aortobronchial fistula is a rare entity, but has been a reported complication in patients that have undergone aortic vascular surgery. A high clinical suspicion is fundamental to making this diagnosis. A 69 year old male, with a previous diagnosis of chronic gastritis, is admitted to the emergency room for vomiting blood. In the first 24 hours after admission, the patient develops respiratory insufficiency after an episode of massive bleeding from his mouth...
June 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687712/functional-outcome-in-17-patients-whose-mandibles-were-reconstructed-with-free-fibular-flaps
#13
Erik Jarefors, Thomas Hansson
OBJECTIVE: The vascularised free fibular flap is considered to be a reliable choice for reconstruction of oromandibular defects, especially after resection of malignant tumours in the area. This study evaluates the functional outcome of this method. METHOD: From January 2001 - May 2014, 37 patients were treated at the University Hospital of Linköping using the free fibular flap. The authors present the results from 17. This study reviewed their records and used the University of Washington Quality-of-Life questionnaire (UW-QoL), the Head and Neck Performance Status Scale (PSS), and interviews to assess their outcome...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Plastic Surgery and Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659091/trauma-due-to-self-aggression-in-patient-with-waardenburg-syndrome-associated-with-congenital-anomalies
#14
Sara Nader Marta, Roberto Yoshio Kawakami, Claudia Almeida Prado Piccino Sgavioli, Ana Eliza Correa, Guaniara D'Árk de Oliveira El Kadre, Ricardo Sandri Carvalho
Waardenburg syndrome (WS) is an inherited autosomal dominant genetic disorder presenting variable penetrance and expressivity, with an estimated prevalence of 1:42,000. Clinical characteristics of WS include lateral displacement of the internal eye canthus, hyperplasia of the medial portion of the eyebrows, prominent and broad nasal base, congenital deafness, pigmentation of the iris and skin, and white forelock. A 24-year-old male patient, previously diagnosed with WS, was referred to the Special Needs Dental Clinic of Sacred Heart University, Bauru, Brazil...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595525/gastric-pull-up-reconstruction-after-treatment-for-advanced-hypopharyngeal-and-cervical-esophageal-cancer
#15
Y Marion, G Lebreton, C Brévart, T Sarcher, A Alves, E Babin
OBJECTIVES: In advanced hypopharyngeal and cervical esophageal carcinoma, the choice of reconstruction technique after total circumferential pharyngolaryngectomy (TCPL) remains controversial. We studied results of digestive tract reconstruction using gastric pull-up, concomitant or secondary to TCPL or after failure of reconstruction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-four patients treated by gastric pull-up after TCPL for advanced hypopharyngeal or cervical esophageal carcinoma between December 1998 and January 2011 were retrospectively reviewed...
December 2016: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27589272/management-of-amelogenesis-imperfecta-a-15-year-case-history-of-two-siblings
#16
E Dursun, E Savard, C Vargas, L Loison-Robert, H Cherifi, F Bdeoui, M-M Landru
OBJECTIVE: Amelogenesis imperfecta (AI) is a heterogenous genetic disorder that interferes with normal enamel formation in the absence of systemic disorders. The patients' main concerns are caries susceptibility, poor esthetics, and generalized sensitivity. There is a broad clinical spectrum, from discolorations to consequent enamel alterations. This case report describes the 15-year case study and the full-mouth rehabilitation of two siblings affected by a hypocalcified AI. Clinical Considerations: In these two patients, conservative care with stainless steel crowns and direct composite restorations was undertaken to restore function and esthetics and to reduce sensitivities in primary and mixed dentitions...
November 2016: Operative Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27411273/-comparison-of-repair-effect-between-chimeric-anterolateral-thigh-flap-and-series-wound-flaps-for-defect-after-resection-of-oral-and-maxillofacial-cancer
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Heping Yang, Hongwu Zhang, Haidi Chen, Shuxiong Yang, Jun Wang, Dawang Hu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of complex defects repair between using chimeric anterolateral thigh flap and series-wound flaps after resection of oral and maxillofacial cancer. METHODS: After resection of oral and maxillofacial cancer, defect was repaired with chimeric anterolateral thigh flap in 39 patients between January 2011 and July 2014 (chimeric anterolateral thigh flap group); and defect was repaired with series-wound flaps in 35 patients between January 2009 and December 2010 (series-wound flaps group)...
April 2016: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27256012/modified-tragus-edge-approach-for-mid-level-or-low-condylar-fractures
#18
Z Li, W Zhao, C Liu, J Liu
The aim of this study was to evaluate and report a modified tragus edge approach (MTEA) for surgical access to mid-level or low condylar fractures. The MTEA was used on 45 patients (59 sides). All of the patients were reviewed for scarring, parotid fistula, facial nerve function, occlusion, deviation, and limitation of mouth opening (MO). Forty-one patients (64 sides) with middle or low level condylar fractures who underwent surgery by retromandibular approach during the same period were selected for comparison...
September 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27051966/-dermoid-cyst-in-the-floor-of-the-mouth-with-tongue-fistula-a-case-report
#19
REVIEW
Wu Pingfan, Lei Zhenge, Wu Jian, Chen Linlin
Dermoid cysts in the floor of the mouth with tongue fistula are unusual lesions. This study reported a case of dermoid cyst in the floor of the mouth with tongue fistula, analyzed the causes of such formation, and discussed the appropriate diagnosis and treatment methods by reviewing relevant literature.
December 2015: Hua Xi Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Huaxi Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, West China Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26905604/clinical-outcomes-efficacy-and-adverse-events-in-patients-undergoing-esophageal-stent-placement-for-benign-indications-a-large-multicenter-study
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Takayuki Suzuki, Ali Siddiqui, Linda J Taylor, Kristen Cox, Raza A Hasan, Sobia N Laique, Arun Mathew, Piotr Wrobel, Douglas G Adler
INTRODUCTION: Esophageal stents are commonly used to treat benign esophageal conditions including refractory benign esophageal strictures, anastomotic strictures, fistulae, perforations and anastomotic leaks. Data on outcomes in these settings remain limited. METHODS: We performed a retrospective multicenter study of patients who underwent fully or partially covered self-expandable stent placement for benign esophageal diseases. Esophageal stent placements were performed for the following indications: (1) benign refractory esophageal strictures, (2) surgical anastomotic strictures, (3) esophageal perforations, (4) esophageal fistulae, and (5) surgical anastomotic leaks...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
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