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Jerzy Dorosz, Lars Olsen, Signe Teuber Seger, Cornelia Steinhauer, Giorgos Bouras, Charlotte Helgstrand, Anders Wiuf, Michael Gajhede
The histone demethylase PHF8 catalyzes demethylation of mono- and di-methylated lysine 9 on histone H3 (H3K9me1/2) and is a transcriptional activator involved in development and cancer. Affinity and specificity of PHF8 towards H3K9me2 substrate is affected by interaction with both the catalytic domain and a PHD reader domain. The latter specifically recognizes tri-methylated lysine 4 on histone H3. A fragment of the histone H3 tail with tri-methylated lysine 4 was used as template for structure based design of a cyclic, cell-penetrating peptide that exhibits micromolar binding affinity to PHF8 in biochemical assays...
April 21, 2017: Chembiochem: a European Journal of Chemical Biology
Shuyan Li, Ao Sun, Xiuming Liang, Lin Ma, Li Shen, Tongyu Li, Lixin Zheng, Wenjing Shang, Wei Zhao, Jihui Jia
Histone demethylase plant homeodomain (PHD) finger protein 8 (PHF8) has been implicated in tumor development and malignant progression in various types of cancers. However, its potential roles in gastric cancer (GC) have not been explored. In this report, we show that PHF8 expression is upregulated in GC tissues, and the enhanced PHF8 level indicates a poor prognosis of GC patients. PHF8 knockdown reduces proliferation and metastasis of GC cells, while PHF8 overexpression has the opposite effects. Mechanistically, PHF8 interacts with β-catenin, and binds to the promoter region of vimentin, leading to the promotion of vimentin transcription...
2017: American Journal of Cancer Research
Alba Redo Riveiro, Luca Mariani, Emily Malmberg, Pier Giorgio Amendola, Juhani Peltonen, Garry Wong, Anna Elisabetta Salcini
Components of the KDM7 family of histone demethylases are implicated in neuronal development and one member, PHF8, is also found mutated in cases of X-linked mental retardation. However, how PHF8 regulates neurodevelopmental processes and contributes to the disease is still largely missing. Here we show that the catalytic activity of a PHF8 homolog in Caenorhabditis elegans, JMJD-1.2, is required non-cell autonomously for proper axon guidance. Loss of JMJD-1.2 deregulates the transcription of the Hedgehog-related genes wrt-8 and grl-16 whose overexpression is sufficient to induce the axonal defects...
January 26, 2017: Development
Elena Asensio-Juan, Raquel Fueyo, Stella Pappa, Simona Iacobucci, Carmen Badosa, Sergi Lois, Miriam Balada, Laia Bosch-Presegué, Alex Vaquero, Sara Gutiérrez, Carme Caelles, Carme Gallego, Xavier de la Cruz, Marian A Martínez-Balbás
A precise immune response is essential for cellular homeostasis and animal survival. The paramount importance of its control is reflected by the fact that its non-specific activation leads to inflammatory events that ultimately contribute to the appearance of many chronic diseases. However, the molecular mechanisms preventing non-specific activation and allowing a quick response upon signal activation are not yet fully understood. In this paper we uncover a new function of PHF8 blocking signal independent activation of immune gene promoters...
April 20, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
D Tong, Q Liu, G Liu, W Yuan, L Wang, Y Guo, W Lan, D Zhang, S Dong, Y Wang, H Xiao, J Mu, C Mao, J Wong, J Jiang
Recent studies provide strong evidence that the androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway remains active in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). However, the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. In this study, we demonstrate that plant homeo domain finger protein 8 (PHF8 )interacts with and functions as an essential histone demethylase activity-dependent AR coactivator. Furthermore, we demonstrate that the expression of PHF8 is induced by hypoxia in various prostate cancer cell lines. Knockdown of either hypoxia-inducible factor HIF2α or HIF1α almost completely abolished hypoxia-induced PHF8 expression...
December 19, 2016: Oncogenesis
Peng Shao, Qi Liu, Peterson Kariuki Maina, Jiayue Cui, Thomas B Bair, Tiandao Li, Shaikamjad Umesalma, Weizhou Zhang, Hank Heng Qi
Histone demethylase PHF8 is upregulated and plays oncogenic roles in various cancers; however, the mechanisms underlying its dysregulation and functions in carcinogenesis remain obscure. Here, we report the novel functions of PHF8 in EMT (epithelial to mesenchymal transition) and breast cancer development. Genome-wide gene expression analysis revealed that PHF8 overexpression induces an EMT-like process, including the upregulation of SNAI1 and ZEB1. PHF8 demethylates H3K9me1, H3K9me2 and sustains H3K4me3 to prime the transcriptional activation of SNAI1 by TGF-β signaling...
February 28, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Peterson Kariuki Maina, Peng Shao, Qi Liu, Ladan Fazli, Scott Tyler, Moman Nasir, Xuesen Dong, Hank Heng Qi
Epigenetic factors play critical roles in prostate cancer (PCa) development. However, how they contribute to neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) and castration-resistant PCa (CRPC) is not fully understood. Using bioinformatics and biochemical approaches to analyze cell-based models of NED and CRPC, we found a cluster of epigenetic factors whose expression is downregulated during NED and upregulated in CRPC (i.e. follow a Down-Up pattern). Two histone demethylases within this cluster, PHF8 and KDM3A, are post-transcriptionally regulated by c-MYC through miR-22, which targets both PHF8 and KDM3A...
November 15, 2016: Oncotarget
Qian Wang, Shuai Ma, Nan Song, Xin Li, Ling Liu, Shangda Yang, Xiang Ding, Lin Shan, Xing Zhou, Dongxue Su, Yue Wang, Qi Zhang, Xinhua Liu, Na Yu, Kai Zhang, Yongfeng Shang, Zhi Yao, Lei Shi
The histone demethylase PHF8 has been implicated in multiple pathological disorders, including X-linked mental retardation and tumorigenesis. However, it is not clear how the abundance and function of PHF8 are regulated. Here, we report that PHF8 physically associates with the deubiquitinase USP7. Specifically, we demonstrated that USP7 promotes deubiquitination and stabilization of PHF8, leading to the upregulation of a group of genes, including cyclin A2, that are critical for cell growth and proliferation...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Carsten Merkwirth, Virginija Jovaisaite, Jenni Durieux, Olli Matilainen, Sabine D Jordan, Pedro M Quiros, Kristan K Steffen, Evan G Williams, Laurent Mouchiroud, Sarah U Tronnes, Virginia Murillo, Suzanne C Wolff, Reuben J Shaw, Johan Auwerx, Andrew Dillin
Across eukaryotic species, mild mitochondrial stress can have beneficial effects on the lifespan of organisms. Mitochondrial dysfunction activates an unfolded protein response (UPR(mt)), a stress signaling mechanism designed to ensure mitochondrial homeostasis. Perturbation of mitochondria during larval development in C. elegans not only delays aging but also maintains UPR(mt) signaling, suggesting an epigenetic mechanism that modulates both longevity and mitochondrial proteostasis throughout life. We identify the conserved histone lysine demethylases jmjd-1...
May 19, 2016: Cell
Özgün Erdoğan, Ling Xie, Li Wang, Bing Wu, Qing Kong, Yisong Wan, Xian Chen
Endotoxin (LPS)-induced changes in histone lysine methylation contribute to the gene-specific transcription for control of inflammation. Still unidentified are the chromatin regulators that drive the transition from a transcriptional-repressive to a transcriptional-active chromatin state of pro-inflammatory genes. Here, using combined approaches to analyze LPS-induced changes in both gene-specific transcription and protein secretion to the extracellular compartment, we characterize novel functions of the lysine demethylase PHF8 as a pro-inflammatory, gene-specific chromatin regulator...
2016: Scientific Reports
Zhaoyang Li, Pan Kang, H uifang Zhang, Xiaohan Nie, Yuzhou Yuan, Qiao Niu
OBJECTIVE: In this research, we have observed changes of PHF8、H3K9me2、BDNF, and their regulatory roles in changing the amplitude value of LTP in hippocampus due to aluminum exposure so that we can discuss the impact on the learning and memory that caused by chronic aluminum exposure. METHODS: Forty healthy SPF grade SD male rats were randomly divided into four groups by weight, including control group and low, medium, high dose aluminum exposed group, each group had 10 rats...
January 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Yan Tang, Ya-Zhen Hong, Hua-Jun Bai, Qiang Wu, Charlie Degui Chen, Jing-Yu Lang, Kenneth R Boheler, Huang-Tian Yang
Histone demethylases have emerged as key regulators of biological processes. The H3K9me2 demethylase plant homeo domain finger protein 8(PHF8), for example, is involved in neuronal differentiation, but its potential function in the differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) to cardiomyocytes is poorly understood. Here, we explored the role of PHF8 during mesodermal and cardiac lineage commitment of mouse ESCs (mESCs). Using a phf8 knockout (ph8(-/Y) ) model, we found that deletion of phf8 in ESCs did not affect self-renewal, proliferation or early ectodermal/endodermal differentiation, but it did promote the mesodermal lineage commitment with the enhanced cardiomyocyte differentiation...
June 2016: Stem Cells
Nicodemus E Oey, How Wing Leung, Rajaram Ezhilarasan, Lei Zhou, Roger W Beuerman, Hendrika M A VanDongen, Antonius M J VanDongen
Chromatin modification is an important epigenetic mechanism underlying neuroplasticity. Histone methylation and acetylation have both been shown to modulate gene expression, but the machinery responsible for mediating these changes in neurons has remained elusive. Here we identify a chromatin-modifying complex containing the histone demethylase PHF8 and the acetyltransferase TIP60 as a key regulator of the activity-induced expression of Arc, an important mediator of synaptic plasticity. Clinically, mutations in PHF8 cause X-linked mental retardation while TIP60 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease...
January 2015: ENeuro
Emeli M Nilsson, Kristian B Laursen, Jonathan Whitchurch, Andrew McWilliam, Niels Ødum, Jenny L Persson, David M Heery, Lorraine J Gudas, Nigel P Mongan
Androgens and the androgen receptor (AR) play crucial roles in male development and the pathogenesis and progression of prostate cancer (PCa). The AR functions as a ligand dependent transcription factor which recruits multiple enzymatically distinct epigenetic coregulators to facilitate transcriptional regulation in response to androgens. Over-expression of AR coregulators is implicated in cancer. We have shown that over-expression of KDM1A, an AR coregulator, contributes to PCa recurrence by promoting VEGFA expression...
November 3, 2015: Oncotarget
Qiang Ma, Zhuo Chen, Guojin Jia, Xueqiang Lu, Xuefeng Xie, Wei Jin
AIMS: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in men. However, the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we aim to research the molecular mechanisms underlying the initiation and progression of PCa. RESULTS: Plant homeodomain finger protein 8 (PHF8) is upregulated in human PCa tissues and cell lines. PHF8 knockdown attenuates growth and cellular transformation of PCa cells. PHF8 depletion induces PCa cell apoptosis by activating proapoptotic proteins and inactivating antiapoptotic proteins...
2015: OncoTargets and Therapy
Christina N Vallianatos, Shigeki Iwase
Methylation of histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4me) is an intricately regulated posttranslational modification, which is broadly associated with enhancers and promoters of actively transcribed genomic loci. Recent advances in next-generation sequencing have identified a number of H3K4me regulators mutated in neurodevelopmental disorders including intellectual disabilities, autism spectrum disorders, and schizophrenia. Here, we aim to summarize the molecular function of H3K4me-regulating enzymes in brain development and function...
2015: Epigenomics
Qianqian Han, Pishan Yang, Yuwei Wu, Shu Meng, Lei Sui, Lan Zhang, Liming Yu, Yin Tang, Hua Jiang, Dongying Xuan, David L Kaplan, Sung Hoon Kim, Qisheng Tu, Jake Chen
Epigenetic regulation of gene expression is a central mechanism that governs cell stemness, determination, commitment, and differentiation. It has been recently found that PHF8, a major H4K20/H3K9 demethylase, plays a critical role in craniofacial and bone development. In this study, we hypothesize that PHF8 promotes osteoblastogenesis by epigenetically regulating the expression of a nuclear matrix protein, special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 2 (SATB2) that plays pivotal roles in skeletal patterning and osteoblast differentiation...
August 2015: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Xiaoqian Liu, Xuping Wang, Yanping Bi, Peili Bu, Mingxiang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Mammalian hearts undergo hypertrophy upon pressure overload to support increased workload. Sustained hypertrophy results in cardiac decompensation and subsequently heart failure. The mechanism that prevents the development of cardiac hypertrophy is still not fully understood. Here we elucidate the anti-hypertrophic role of the histone demethylase PHF8. METHODS AND RESULTS: PHF8 protein and mRNA levels were down-regulated in human failing hearts, mouse hypertrophic hearts and neonatal rat ventricle myocytes that underwent hypertrophy...
July 1, 2015: Experimental Cell Research
Changrim Lee, Seokbong Hong, Min Hye Lee, Hyeon-Sook Koo
PHF8 is a JmjC domain-containing histone demethylase, defects in which are associated with X-linked mental retardation. In this study, we examined the roles of two PHF8 homologs, JMJD-1.1 and JMJD-1.2, in the model organism C. elegans in response to DNA damage. A deletion mutation in either of the genes led to hypersensitivity to interstrand DNA crosslinks (ICLs), while only mutation of jmjd-1.1 resulted in hypersensitivity to double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs). In response to ICLs, JMJD-1.1 did not affect the focus formation of FCD-2, a homolog of FANCD2, a key protein in the Fanconi anemia pathway...
2015: PloS One
Masaru Katoh
ASXL1, ASXL2 and ASXL3 are epigenetic scaffolds for BAP1, EZH2, NCOA1, nuclear receptors and WTIP. Here, functional proteomics of the ASXL family members are reviewed with emphasis on mutation spectra, the ASXM2 domain and the plant homeodomain (PHD) finger. Copy number gains of ASXL1 occur in chromosome 20q11.2 duplication syndrome and cervical cancer. Truncation mutations of ASXLs occur in autism, Bohring-Opitz and related syndromes, hematological malignancies and solid tumors, such as prostate cancer, breast cancer and high-grade glioma, which are gain- or loss-of-function mutations...
June 2015: Expert Review of Proteomics
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