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Peterson Kariuki Maina, Peng Shao, Qi Liu, Ladan Fazli, Scott Tyler, Moman Nasir, Xuesen Dong, Hank Heng Qi
Epigenetic factors play critical roles in prostate cancer (PCa) development. However, how they contribute to neuroendocrine differentiation (NED) and castration-resistant PCa (CRPC) is not fully understood. Using bioinformatics and biochemical approaches to analyze cell-based models of NED and CRPC, we found a cluster of epigenetic factors whose expression is downregulated during NED and upregulated in CRPC (i.e. follow a Down-Up pattern). Two histone demethylases within this cluster, PHF8 and KDM3A, are post-transcriptionally regulated by c-MYC through miR-22, which targets both PHF8 and KDM3A...
September 28, 2016: Oncotarget
Qian Wang, Shuai Ma, Nan Song, Xin Li, Ling Liu, Shangda Yang, Xiang Ding, Lin Shan, Xing Zhou, Dongxue Su, Yue Wang, Qi Zhang, Xinhua Liu, Na Yu, Kai Zhang, Yongfeng Shang, Zhi Yao, Lei Shi
The histone demethylase PHF8 has been implicated in multiple pathological disorders, including X-linked mental retardation and tumorigenesis. However, it is not clear how the abundance and function of PHF8 are regulated. Here, we report that PHF8 physically associates with the deubiquitinase USP7. Specifically, we demonstrated that USP7 promotes deubiquitination and stabilization of PHF8, leading to the upregulation of a group of genes, including cyclin A2, that are critical for cell growth and proliferation...
June 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Carsten Merkwirth, Virginija Jovaisaite, Jenni Durieux, Olli Matilainen, Sabine D Jordan, Pedro M Quiros, Kristan K Steffen, Evan G Williams, Laurent Mouchiroud, Sarah U Tronnes, Virginia Murillo, Suzanne C Wolff, Reuben J Shaw, Johan Auwerx, Andrew Dillin
Across eukaryotic species, mild mitochondrial stress can have beneficial effects on the lifespan of organisms. Mitochondrial dysfunction activates an unfolded protein response (UPR(mt)), a stress signaling mechanism designed to ensure mitochondrial homeostasis. Perturbation of mitochondria during larval development in C. elegans not only delays aging but also maintains UPR(mt) signaling, suggesting an epigenetic mechanism that modulates both longevity and mitochondrial proteostasis throughout life. We identify the conserved histone lysine demethylases jmjd-1...
May 19, 2016: Cell
Özgün Erdoğan, Ling Xie, Li Wang, Bing Wu, Qing Kong, Yisong Wan, Xian Chen
Endotoxin (LPS)-induced changes in histone lysine methylation contribute to the gene-specific transcription for control of inflammation. Still unidentified are the chromatin regulators that drive the transition from a transcriptional-repressive to a transcriptional-active chromatin state of pro-inflammatory genes. Here, using combined approaches to analyze LPS-induced changes in both gene-specific transcription and protein secretion to the extracellular compartment, we characterize novel functions of the lysine demethylase PHF8 as a pro-inflammatory, gene-specific chromatin regulator...
2016: Scientific Reports
Zhaoyang Li, Pan Kang, H uifang Zhang, Xiaohan Nie, Yuzhou Yuan, Qiao Niu
OBJECTIVE: In this research, we have observed changes of PHF8、H3K9me2、BDNF, and their regulatory roles in changing the amplitude value of LTP in hippocampus due to aluminum exposure so that we can discuss the impact on the learning and memory that caused by chronic aluminum exposure. METHODS: Forty healthy SPF grade SD male rats were randomly divided into four groups by weight, including control group and low, medium, high dose aluminum exposed group, each group had 10 rats...
January 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Yan Tang, Ya-Zhen Hong, Hua-Jun Bai, Qiang Wu, Charlie Degui Chen, Jing-Yu Lang, Kenneth R Boheler, Huang-Tian Yang
Histone demethylases have emerged as key regulators of biological processes. The H3K9me2 demethylase plant homeo domain finger protein 8(PHF8), for example, is involved in neuronal differentiation, but its potential function in the differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) to cardiomyocytes is poorly understood. Here, we explored the role of PHF8 during mesodermal and cardiac lineage commitment of mouse ESCs (mESCs). Using a phf8 knockout (ph8(-/Y) ) model, we found that deletion of phf8 in ESCs did not affect self-renewal, proliferation or early ectodermal/endodermal differentiation, but it did promote the mesodermal lineage commitment with the enhanced cardiomyocyte differentiation...
June 2016: Stem Cells
Nicodemus E Oey, How Wing Leung, Rajaram Ezhilarasan, Lei Zhou, Roger W Beuerman, Hendrika M A VanDongen, Antonius M J VanDongen
Chromatin modification is an important epigenetic mechanism underlying neuroplasticity. Histone methylation and acetylation have both been shown to modulate gene expression, but the machinery responsible for mediating these changes in neurons has remained elusive. Here we identify a chromatin-modifying complex containing the histone demethylase PHF8 and the acetyltransferase TIP60 as a key regulator of the activity-induced expression of Arc, an important mediator of synaptic plasticity. Clinically, mutations in PHF8 cause X-linked mental retardation while TIP60 has been implicated in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease...
January 2015: ENeuro
Emeli M Nilsson, Kristian B Laursen, Jonathan Whitchurch, Andrew McWilliam, Niels Ødum, Jenny L Persson, David M Heery, Lorraine J Gudas, Nigel P Mongan
Androgens and the androgen receptor (AR) play crucial roles in male development and the pathogenesis and progression of prostate cancer (PCa). The AR functions as a ligand dependent transcription factor which recruits multiple enzymatically distinct epigenetic coregulators to facilitate transcriptional regulation in response to androgens. Over-expression of AR coregulators is implicated in cancer. We have shown that over-expression of KDM1A, an AR coregulator, contributes to PCa recurrence by promoting VEGFA expression...
November 3, 2015: Oncotarget
Qiang Ma, Zhuo Chen, Guojin Jia, Xueqiang Lu, Xuefeng Xie, Wei Jin
AIMS: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the most frequently diagnosed malignancy in men. However, the underlying mechanism is not fully understood. In this study, we aim to research the molecular mechanisms underlying the initiation and progression of PCa. RESULTS: Plant homeodomain finger protein 8 (PHF8) is upregulated in human PCa tissues and cell lines. PHF8 knockdown attenuates growth and cellular transformation of PCa cells. PHF8 depletion induces PCa cell apoptosis by activating proapoptotic proteins and inactivating antiapoptotic proteins...
2015: OncoTargets and Therapy
Christina N Vallianatos, Shigeki Iwase
Methylation of histone H3 lysine 4 (H3K4me) is an intricately regulated posttranslational modification, which is broadly associated with enhancers and promoters of actively transcribed genomic loci. Recent advances in next-generation sequencing have identified a number of H3K4me regulators mutated in neurodevelopmental disorders including intellectual disabilities, autism spectrum disorders, and schizophrenia. Here, we aim to summarize the molecular function of H3K4me-regulating enzymes in brain development and function...
2015: Epigenomics
Qianqian Han, Pishan Yang, Yuwei Wu, Shu Meng, Lei Sui, Lan Zhang, Liming Yu, Yin Tang, Hua Jiang, Dongying Xuan, David L Kaplan, Sung Hoon Kim, Qisheng Tu, Jake Chen
Epigenetic regulation of gene expression is a central mechanism that governs cell stemness, determination, commitment, and differentiation. It has been recently found that PHF8, a major H4K20/H3K9 demethylase, plays a critical role in craniofacial and bone development. In this study, we hypothesize that PHF8 promotes osteoblastogenesis by epigenetically regulating the expression of a nuclear matrix protein, special AT-rich sequence-binding protein 2 (SATB2) that plays pivotal roles in skeletal patterning and osteoblast differentiation...
August 2015: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Xiaoqian Liu, Xuping Wang, Yanping Bi, Peili Bu, Mingxiang Zhang
BACKGROUND: Mammalian hearts undergo hypertrophy upon pressure overload to support increased workload. Sustained hypertrophy results in cardiac decompensation and subsequently heart failure. The mechanism that prevents the development of cardiac hypertrophy is still not fully understood. Here we elucidate the anti-hypertrophic role of the histone demethylase PHF8. METHODS AND RESULTS: PHF8 protein and mRNA levels were down-regulated in human failing hearts, mouse hypertrophic hearts and neonatal rat ventricle myocytes that underwent hypertrophy...
July 1, 2015: Experimental Cell Research
Changrim Lee, Seokbong Hong, Min Hye Lee, Hyeon-Sook Koo
PHF8 is a JmjC domain-containing histone demethylase, defects in which are associated with X-linked mental retardation. In this study, we examined the roles of two PHF8 homologs, JMJD-1.1 and JMJD-1.2, in the model organism C. elegans in response to DNA damage. A deletion mutation in either of the genes led to hypersensitivity to interstrand DNA crosslinks (ICLs), while only mutation of jmjd-1.1 resulted in hypersensitivity to double-strand DNA breaks (DSBs). In response to ICLs, JMJD-1.1 did not affect the focus formation of FCD-2, a homolog of FANCD2, a key protein in the Fanconi anemia pathway...
2015: PloS One
Masaru Katoh
ASXL1, ASXL2 and ASXL3 are epigenetic scaffolds for BAP1, EZH2, NCOA1, nuclear receptors and WTIP. Here, functional proteomics of the ASXL family members are reviewed with emphasis on mutation spectra, the ASXM2 domain and the plant homeodomain (PHD) finger. Copy number gains of ASXL1 occur in chromosome 20q11.2 duplication syndrome and cervical cancer. Truncation mutations of ASXLs occur in autism, Bohring-Opitz and related syndromes, hematological malignancies and solid tumors, such as prostate cancer, breast cancer and high-grade glioma, which are gain- or loss-of-function mutations...
June 2015: Expert Review of Proteomics
Xiaoping Liu, Qianqian Lei, Zhibin Yu, Gang Xu, Hailin Tang, Wei Wang, Zeyou Wang, Guiyuan Li, Minghua Wu
LIM-only protein 3 (LMO3), a member of the LIM-only protein group, is a new DNA methylation gene that was identified in gliomas via the MeDIP-Chip in our previous study. In this study, we found that LIM-only protein 3 (LMO3) is hypomethylated and overexpressed in glioma cells and tissues. The overexpression of LMO3 was correlated with a poor prognosis in glioma patients, and LMO3 was indirectly inhibited by the tumor suppressor miR-101, which is a potential prognosis marker of gliomas. MiR-101 decreased the expression of LMO3 by reversing the methylation status of the LMO3 promoter and by inhibiting the presence of the methylation-related histones H3K4me2 and H3K27me3 and increasing the presence of H3K9me3 and H4K20me3 on the promoter...
April 10, 2015: Oncotarget
Liping Sun, Yan Huang, Qian Wei, Xiaomei Tong, Rong Cai, Grzegorz Nalepa, Xin Ye
Cyclin E-CDK2 is a key regulator in G1/S transition. Previously, we identified a number of CDK2-interacting proteins, including PHF8 (plant homeodomain finger protein 8). In this report, we confirmed that PHF8 is a novel cyclin E-CDK2 substrate. By taking the approach of mass spectrometry, we identified that PHF8 Ser-844 is phosphorylated by cyclin E-CDK2. Immunoblotting analysis indicated that WT PHF8 demethylates histone H3K9me2 more efficiently than the cyclin E-CDK2 phosphorylation-deficient PHF8-S844A mutant...
February 13, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Gangcai Zhu, Lijun Liu, Li She, Haolei Tan, Ming Wei, Changhan Chen, Zhongwu Su, Donghai Huang, Yongquan Tian, Yuanzheng Qiu, Yong Liu, Xin Zhang
AIM: Overexpression of histone demethylase PHF8 has been reported to function as an oncoprotein in many cancers; however, the implications of PHF8 involvement in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LHSCC) remain unclear. This study aims to explore the expression of PHF8 and its clinical significance in LHSCC. MATERIALS & METHODS: Western blotting and immunohistochemistry were performed to evaluate PHF8 protein expression in fresh and archived LHSCC samples...
2015: Epigenomics
Veerle De Wolf, An Crepel, Frans Schuit, Leentje van Lommel, Berten Ceulemans, Jean Steyaert, Eve Seuntjens, Hilde Peeters, Koen Devriendt
We present a male patient with sporadic Aarskog syndrome, cleft palate, mild intellectual disability, and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A submicroscopic discontiguous deletion was detected on chromosome Xp11.2 encompassing FGD1, FAM120C, and PHF8. That the deletion encompassed FGD1 (exons 2-8) explains the Aarskog features while the deletion of PHF8 most likely explains the cleft palate and mild intellectual disability. We identify FAM120C as a novel X-linked candidate gene for autism for two reasons: first, a larger deletion encompassing FAM120C segregates with autism in a previously reported family and second, there is recent evidence that FAM120C interacts with CYFIP1, part of the FMRP (Fragile X Mental Retardation Protein) network...
December 2014: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Guang Shi, Meng Wu, Lan Fang, Fang Yu, Shimeng Cheng, Jiwen Li, James X Du, Jiemin Wong
Regulation of rDNA transcription is central to cell growth and proliferation. PHF2 and PHF8 belong to a subfamily of histone demethylases that also possess a PHD domain-dependent di-/trimethylated histone 3 lysine 4 (H3K4me2/3) binding activity and are known to be enriched in the nucleolus. In this study, we show that, unlike PHF8 that activates rDNA transcription, PHF2 inhibits rDNA transcription. Depletion of PHF2 by RNA interference increases and overexpression of PHF2 decreases rDNA transcription, respectively, whereas simultaneous depletion of PHF8 and PHF2 restores the level of rDNA transcription...
October 24, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Judit Castillo, Alexandra Amaral, Rubén Azpiazu, Tanya Vavouri, Josep Maria Estanyol, Josep Lluis Ballescà, Rafael Oliva
The mammalian spermatozoon has a unique chromatin structure where the majority of DNA is packaged by protamines, while a small fraction (∼8%) remains associated with nucleosomes. However, the chromatin affinity and repertoire of the additional proteins constituting the different sperm chromatin fractions have not yet been explored. To address this we have carried out a genomic and proteomic characterization of human sperm samples subjected to chromatin fractionation using either 0.65 M NaCl extraction followed by EcoRI/BamHI DNA restriction enzyme digestion, or micrococcal nuclease digestion...
November 2014: Molecular Human Reproduction
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