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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428728/randomized-face-to-face-vs-home-exercise-interventions-in-pregnant-women-with-gestational-diabetes
#1
Danielle Symons Downs, Jennifer M Dinallo, Leann L Birch, Ian M Paul, Jan S Ulbrecht
OBJECTIVES: Evaluate effects of a theoretically-based, semi-intensive (Face-to-Face; F2F) exercise intervention and minimum-contact (Home) exercise intervention to the standard care (Control) on exercise, its motivational determinants, blood glucose levels, and insulin use of pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Randomized control trial with two intervention arms and control (standard care). METHOD: Participants (N=65) were randomized to a Control (standard prenatal care/GDM dietary counseling), Home (standard care + phone education/support + home exercise), or F2F (standard care + on-site education/support + guided exercise with instructor on 2 days/week) group from ~20 weeks gestation to delivery...
May 2017: Psychology of Sport and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420602/the-fitbit-one-physical-activity-tracker-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-validation-study
#2
Erin L Van Blarigan, Stacey A Kenfield, Lucy Tantum, Lisa A Cadmus-Bertram, Peter R Carroll, June M Chan
BACKGROUND: Physical activity after cancer diagnosis improves quality of life and may lengthen survival. However, objective data in cancer survivors are limited and no physical activity tracker has been validated for use in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate the Fitbit One's measures of physical activity over 7 days in free-living men with localized prostate cancer. METHODS: We validated the Fitbit One against the gold-standard ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer in 22 prostate cancer survivors under free-living conditions for 7 days...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419439/effects-of-student-pairing-and-public-review-on-physical-activity-during-school-recess
#3
Heather M Zerger, Bryon G Miller, Diego Valbuena, Raymond G Miltenberger
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of student pairing and feedback during recess on children's step counts. During baseline, participants wore a sealed pedometer during recess. During intervention, we paired participants with higher step counts with participants with lower step counts. We encouraged teams to compete for the highest step count each day and provided feedback on their performance during each recess session. Results showed a large mean increase in step count from baseline to intervention...
April 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410174/pilot-and-feasibility-test-of-a-mobile-health-supported-behavioral-counseling-intervention-for-weight-management-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#4
Lisa M Quintiliani, Devin M Mann, Marissa Puputti, Emily Quinn, Deborah J Bowen
BACKGROUND: Health behavior and weight management interventions for cancer survivors have the potential to prevent future cancer recurrence and improve long-term health; however, their translation can be limited if the intervention is complex and involves high participant burden. Mobile health (mHealth) offers a delivery modality to integrate interventions into daily life routines. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of a one-group trial with a pre-post evaluation design on engagement (use and acceptability), physiological (weight), behavioral (diet and physical activity), and other secondary outcomes...
May 9, 2016: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378441/physical-activity-to-reduce-fatigue-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Patricia Katz, Mary Margaretten, Steven Gregorich, Laura Trupin
OBJECTIVE: Effective treatments for rheumatoid arthritis (RA) fatigue are limited. We tested the effect of a pedometer-based intervention on increasing physical activity and decreasing fatigue among individuals with RA. METHODS: Participants completed baseline questionnaires; had one week of activity monitoring; were randomized to control (education; EDUC), pedometer and step-monitoring diary (PED), or pedometer and diary plus step targets (PED+) groups; and followed for 21 weeks...
April 5, 2017: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378230/can-older-adults-improve-the-identification-of-moderate-intensity-using-walking-cadence
#6
A G McLellan, Jana Slaght, C M Craig, A Mayo, M Sénéchal, Danielle R Bouchard
BACKGROUND: The majority of older adults do not reach the physical activity guidelines. One possible explanation for this may be that older adults overestimate their physical activity levels, because they are unable to identify exercise intensity. METHODS: Forty-four older adults were recruited and randomly assigned into two walking groups lasting 6 weeks. The intervention group was asked to walk a minimum of 150 min per week at moderate intensity using walking cadence indicated with a pedometer...
April 4, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377791/effect-of-a-12-week-summer-break-on-school-day-physical-activity-and-health-related-fitness-in-low-income-children-from-cspap-schools
#7
You Fu, Timothy A Brusseau, James C Hannon, Ryan D Burns
Background. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a 12-week summer break on school day physical activity and health-related fitness (HRF) in children from schools receiving a Comprehensive School Physical Activity Program (CSPAP). Methods. Participants were school-aged children (N = 1,232; 624 girls and 608 boys; mean age = 9.5 ± 1.8 years) recruited from three low-income schools receiving a CSPAP. Physical activity and HRF levels were collected during the end of spring semester 2015 and again during the beginning of fall semester 2015...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365377/a-three-month-home-exercise-programme-augmented-with-nordic-poles-for-patients-with-intermittent-claudication-enhances-quality-of-life-and-continues-to-improve-walking-distance-and-compliance-after-one-year
#8
C Oakley, C Spafford, J D Beard
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to collect 1 year follow-up information on walking distance, speed, compliance, and cost in patients with intermittent claudication who took part in a previously reported 12 week randomised clinical trial of a home exercise programme augmented with Nordic pole walking versus controls who walked normally. A second objective was to look at quality of life and ankle brachial pressure indices (ABPIs) after a 12 week augmented home exercise programme...
March 30, 2017: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359162/shifting-landscapes
#9
Lindsey Fay, Allison Carll-White, Aric Schadler, Kathy Isaacs, Kevin Real
OBJECTIVE: The focus of this research was to analyze the impact of decentralized and centralized hospital design layouts on the delivery of efficient care and the resultant level of caregiver satisfaction. BACKGROUND: An interdisciplinary team conducted a multiphased pre- and postoccupancy evaluation of a cardiovascular service line in an academic hospital that moved from a centralized to decentralized model. This study examined the impact of walkability, room usage, allocation of time, and visibility to better understand efficiency in the care environment...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348605/associations-between-parental-and-friend-social-support-and-children-s-physical-activity-and-time-spent-outside-playing
#10
Constantinos A Loucaides, Niki Tsangaridou
The purpose of this study was to examine the structural validity of a parent and a child questionnaire that assessed parental and friends' influences on children's physical activity and investigate the associations between the derived factors, physical activity, and time spent outside. Children (N = 154, mean age = 11.7) and 144 of their parents completed questionnaires assessing parental and friends' influences on children's physical activity. Children wore a pedometer for six days. Exploratory factor analyses revealed four factors for the parental and five for the child's questionnaire that explained 66...
2017: International Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344735/parental-influences-and-the-relationship-to-their-children-s-physical-activity-levels
#11
Nathan A Chiarlitti, Angela M Kolen
Engaging in a physically active lifestyle relates positively to current health and reduces chances of chronic diseases in the future. Given escalating health care costs, it is paramount to reduce illnesses associated with a lack of physical activity and thus critical to identify factors that influence physical activity - especially in children, with the opportunity for a lifetime impact. One of these influencing factors may be parents/guardians. The intent of this study was to examine the relationship between children's physical activity levels and parental factors including parental physical activity, support/encouragement, restrictiveness, and self-reported participation...
2017: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317385/does-perceived-safety-modify-the-effectiveness-of-a-walking-group-intervention-designed-to-promote-physical-activity
#12
Jamila L Kwarteng, Amy J Schulz, Graciela B Mentz, Barbara A Israel, Trina R Shanks, Denise White Perkins
PURPOSE: To examine whether perceived safety modified the effectiveness of the Walk Your Heart to Health (WYHH) intervention in promoting physical activity and reducing central adiposity in predominantly non-Latino black (henceforth black) and Latino communities. DESIGN: Generalized estimation equations were used to assess modifying effects of perceived safety on the route and perceived neighborhood safety on (1) WYHH participation at 8 weeks and 32 weeks, (2) associations between participation and physical activity, and (3) associations between physical activity and central adiposity...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306702/self-management-program-for-heart-healthy-behavior-among-middle-and-old-aged-korean-women-at-risk-for-metabolic-syndrome
#13
Nah-Mee Shin, JiWon Choi, InHae Cho, Byung-Jun Park
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been increasing among Koreans, and middle-aged and older women are at risk of metabolic syndrome. Effective strategies to promote lifestyle modification need to be developed. OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of a self-management program on improving the cardiovascular health status and promoting healthy behaviors among overweight or obese Korean women at risk of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A pretest and posttest intervention design was used...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285547/objective-physical-activity-measurement-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-review-of-the-literature
#14
Blathin Casey, Susan Coote, Alan Donnelly
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify the objective physical activity (PA) measurement tools and outputs that are used within Multiple Sclerosis (MS) literature. METHODS: A systematic search strategy on eight databases (2000-2016) using keywords associated with MS and PA. RESULTS: This review includes 32 papers. Uni-axial accelerometers were the most popular objective PA tool in this review (68%). Pedometers (14%) and multi-sensor systems (3%) were the second and third most common...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278315/biochemical-effects-of-exercise-on-a-fasciocutaneous-flap-in-a-rat-model
#15
Edita Aksamitiene, Adam L Baker, Sudeep Roy, Salini Hota, Li-Hui Zhang, Julianna Rodin, Kealan Hobelmann, Jan B Hoek, Edmund A Pribitkin
Importance: An overwhelming amount of data suggest that cardiovascular exercise has a positive effect on the mind and body, although the precise mechanism is not always clear. Objective: To assess the clinical and biochemical effects of voluntary cardiovascular exercise on pedicled flaps in a rodent model. Design, Setting, and Participants: Eighteen adult Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomized into a resting animal group (RAG) (n=9) and an exercise animal group (EAG) (n=9) for 14 days (July 23, 2013, through July 30, 2013)...
March 9, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277157/interactive-associations-of-physical-activity-adiposity-and-oral-contraceptive-use-on-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-young-women
#16
Michael V Fedewa, Elizabeth D Hathaway, Simon Higgins, Bhibha M Das, Ronald L Forehand, Michael D Schmidt, Ellen M Evans
Oral contraceptives (OCs) are the most frequently used type of birth control among young women. OC-users have higher C-reactive protein (CRP) values, an indicator of systemic inflammation, than do non-OC-users. In addition, adiposity (percent fat) is positively associated with CRP, and physical activity (PA) is inversely associated with CRP. The present study determined the interactive associations of PA, percent fat, and OC-use with CRP. Data were collected during 2012-2015 at the University of Georgia. Objective PA was measured via pedometers...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267104/short-term-efficacy-of-a-sit-less-walk-more-workplace-intervention-on-improving-cardiometabolic-health-and-work-productivity-in-office-workers
#17
Yun-Ping Lin, Chiu-Chu Lin, Meei-Maan Chen, Kwo-Chen Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the short-term efficacy of the Sit Less, Walk More (SLWM) workplace intervention. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental design. A total of 99 office workers from two workplaces participated in this study. The 12-week intervention included five components: monthly newsletters, motivational tools, pedometer challenge, environmental prompts, and walking route. The comparison group received monthly newsletters only. RESULTS: Generalized estimating equation analyses showed that the intervention group demonstrated significant improvements in weight (P = 0...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264695/the-feasibility-of-the-prostate-cancer-evidence-of-exercise-and-nutrition-trial-prevent-dietary-and-physical-activity-modifications-a-qualitative-study
#18
Ellie Shingler, Lucy Hackshaw-McGeagh, Luke Robles, Raj Persad, Anthony Koupparis, Edward Rowe, Constance Shiridzinomwa, Amit Bahl, Richard M Martin, J Athene Lane
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that low levels of physical activity and diets low in fruit and vegetables and high in meat and dairy products are risk factors for prostate cancer disease progression. The Prostate cancer: Evidence of Exercise and Nutrition Trial (PrEvENT) aimed to assess a diet and physical activity intervention in men undergoing radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer. The trial included a qualitative component to explore the experiences of men participating in the trial in order to understand the acceptability of the intervention and data collection methods...
March 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253056/impact-of-walking-cadence-prescription-to-reach-the-global-physical-activity-recommendations-in-older-adults
#19
Jana Slaght, Martin Senechal, Danielle Bouchard
BACKGROUND: Walking cadence is a new monitoring strategy used to increase bouts of time at moderate intensity. METHODS: Inactive older adults were instructed to walk 150 minutes per week at no specified intensity during phase one. In phase two, the intervention group (N = 23) received instructions on how to reach moderate intensity, using a pedometer and an individualized walking cadence, while the control group (N = 22) did not. The main outcomes were time at moderate intensity and moderate intensity in 10-minute bouts...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213634/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-social-norm-interventions-to-increase-physical-activity
#20
Christopher M Wally, Linda D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Physical activity confers numerous health benefits, yet few adults meet recommended physical activity guidelines. PURPOSE: The impact of brief messages providing descriptive and injunctive social norm feedback on physical activity was tested in this conceptual pilot study. METHODS: Young adults (N = 111) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: descriptive norm feedback, descriptive-plus-injunctive norm feedback, or no social feedback (control condition)...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
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