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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682230/cognitive-functional-and-physical-activity-impairment-in-elderly-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#1
Renata Valle Pedroso, Danilla Icassatti Corazza, Carla Andreza de Almeida Andreatto, Thays Martins Vital da Silva, José Luiz Riani Costa, Ruth Ferreira Santos-Galduróz
Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a progressive degenerative disorder that negatively affects quality of life of patients and family members. Objective: The aim of this study is to compare the cognition, level of physical activity and functioning of elderly individuals with mild AD and those without dementia. Methods: The study comprised 24 elderly with mild AD (mean age = 76.9 ± 5.3 years) and 30 elderly without dementia (mean age = 74.1 ± 5.6 years). The following instruments were applied to evaluate cognitive functions: MMSE; Frontal Assessment Battery; Clock Drawing Test; Corsi Blocks, and Verbal Paired Associates...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678971/exploring-the-use-of-a-gamified-intervention-for-encouraging-physical-activity-in-adolescents-a-qualitative-longitudinal-study-in-northern-ireland
#2
Rekesh Corepal, Paul Best, Roisin O'Neill, Mark A Tully, Mark Edwards, Russell Jago, Sarah J Miller, Frank Kee, Ruth F Hunter
OBJECTIVE: To explore the temporal changes of adolescents' views and experiences of participating in a gamified intervention to encourage physical activity behaviour and associated processes of behaviour change. DESIGN: A qualitative longitudinal design was adopted whereby focus groups were conducted with the same participants in each intervention school (n=3) at four time-points (baseline, end of each of two intervention phases and 1-year follow-up). The framework method was used to thematically analyse the data...
April 20, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669534/long-term-effects-of-comprehensive-school-health-on-health-related-knowledge-attitudes-self-efficacy-health-behaviours-and-weight-status-of-adolescents
#3
Nicole Naadu Ofosu, John Paul Ekwaru, Kerry Ann Bastian, Sarah A Loehr, Kate Storey, John C Spence, Paul J Veugelers
BACKGROUND: APPLE Schools is a Comprehensive School Health (CSH) project, started in schools in socioeconomically disadvantaged areas where dietary habits are poor, physical activity (PA) levels are low, and obesity rates are high. Earlier research showed program effects whereby energy intake, PA and weight status of students in APPLE Schools had reached similar levels as that of students in other schools. However, it is unknown whether the effects of CSH are sustained when children grow into adolescents...
April 18, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650395/changing-diet-and-physical-activity-in-nurses-a-pilot-study-and-process-evaluation-highlighting-challenges-in-workplace-health-promotion
#4
Luciana Torquati, Tracy Kolbe-Alexander, Toby Pavey, Michael Leveritt
OBJECTIVE: To use the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, and Maintenance framework to evaluate and understand key implementation and context factors of a diet and physical activity (PA) workplace intervention for nurses. METHODS: A 3-month pilot intervention was developed to promote diet and PA behavior through self-monitoring, goal setting, and social support using pedometers, a smartphone app, and a dedicated Facebook group. Measures included diet quality, daily PA, adoption, and implementation (including qualitative data)...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649997/year-round-effects-of-a-four-week-randomized-controlled-trial-using-different-types-of-feedback-on-employees-physical-activity
#5
Karen Van Hoye, Anne I Wijtzes, Johan Lefevre, Stijn De Baere, Filip Boen
BACKGROUND: This follow-up study investigated the year-round effects of a four-week randomized controlled trial using different types of feedback on employees' physical activity, including a need-supportive coach intervention. METHODS: Participants (n = 227) were randomly assigned to a Minimal Intervention Group (MIG; no feedback), a Pedometer Group (PG; feedback on daily steps only), a Display Group (DG; feedback on daily steps, on daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity [MVPA] and on total energy expenditure [EE]), or a Coaching Group (CoachG; same as DG with need supportive coaching)...
April 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627967/supervised-exercise-therapy-versus-home-based-exercise-therapy-versus-walking-advice-for-intermittent-claudication
#6
REVIEW
David Hageman, Hugo Jp Fokkenrood, Lindy Nm Gommans, Marijn Ml van den Houten, Joep Aw Teijink
BACKGROUND: Although supervised exercise therapy (SET) provides significant symptomatic benefit for patients with intermittent claudication (IC), it remains an underutilized tool. Widespread implementation of SET is restricted by lack of facilities and funding. Structured home-based exercise therapy (HBET) with an observation component (e.g., exercise logbooks, pedometers) and just walking advice (WA) are alternatives to SET. This is the second update of a review first published in 2006...
April 6, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618233/using-commercial-physical-activity-trackers-for-health-promotion-research-four-case-studies
#7
Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Danielle E Jake-Schoffman, Camelia Singletary, Marquivieus Wright, Anthony Crimarco, Michael D Wirth, Nitin Shivappa, Trisha Mandes, Delia Smith West, Sara Wilcox, Clemens Drenowatz, Andrew Hester, Matthew J McGrievy
BACKGROUND: Wearable physical activity (PA) trackers are becoming increasingly popular for intervention and assessment in health promotion research and practice. The purpose of this article is to present lessons learned from four studies that used commercial PA tracking devices for PA intervention or assessment, present issues encountered with their use, and provide guidelines for determining which tools to use. METHOD: Four case studies are presented that used PA tracking devices (iBitz, Zamzee, FitBit Flex and Zip, Omron Digital Pedometer, Sensewear Armband, and MisFit Flash) in the field-two used the tools for intervention and two used the tools as assessment methods...
April 1, 2018: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609594/cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-multilevel-physical-activity-intervention-for-older-adults
#8
Jacqueline Kerr, Dori Rosenberg, Rachel A Millstein, Khalisa Bolling, Katie Crist, Michelle Takemoto, Suneeta Godbole, Kevin Moran, Loki Natarajan, Cynthia Castro-Sweet, David Buchner
BACKGROUND: Older adults are the least active population group. Interventions in residential settings may support a multi-level approach to behavior change. METHODS: In a cluster randomized control trial, 11 San Diego retirement communities were assigned to a physical activity (PA) intervention or a healthy aging attention control condition. Participants were 307 adults over 65 years old. The multilevel PA intervention was delivered with the assistance of peer leaders, who were trained older adult from the retirement communities...
April 2, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607211/development-of-a-multisensory-wearable-system-for-monitoring-cigarette-smoking-behavior-in-free-living-conditions
#9
Masudul Haider Imtiaz, Raul I Ramos-Garcia, Volkan Yusuf Senyurek, Stephen Tiffany, Edward Sazonov
This paper presents the development and validation of a novel multi-sensory wearable system (Personal Automatic Cigarette Tracker v2 or PACT2.0) for monitoring of cigarette smoking in free-living conditions. The contributions of the PACT2.0 system are: (1) the implementation of a complete sensor suite for monitoring of all major behavioral manifestations of cigarette smoking (lighting events, hand-to-mouth gestures, and smoke inhalations); (2) a miniaturization of the sensor hardware to enable its applicability in naturalistic settings; and (3) an introduction of new sensor modalities that may provide additional insight into smoking behavior e...
December 2017: Electronics (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605113/disuse-osteopenia-following-leg-fracture-in-postmenopausal-women-implications-for-hip-fracture-risk-and-fracture-liaison-services
#10
S J Hopkins, A D Toms, M Brown, A Appleboam, K M Knapp
INTRODUCTION: Disuse osteopenia is a known consequence of reduced weight-bearing and has been demonstrated at the hip following leg injury but has not been specifically studied in postmenopausal women. METHOD: Bilateral DXA (GE Lunar Prodigy) bone mineral density (BMD) measurements were taken at the neck of femur (NOF), total hip region (TH) and lumbar spine in postmenopausal female groups comprising controls (N = 43), new leg fractures (#<3wks) (N = 9), and participants who had sustained a leg fracture more than one year previously (#>1yr) (N = 24)...
May 2018: Radiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29596597/rehabilitation-exercise-increases-physical-activity-levels-in-severely-burned-children-while-improving-aerobic-exercise-capacity-and-strength
#11
Eric Rivas, Joan Tran, Ileana L Gutierrez, Martha Chapa, David N Herndon, Oscar E Suman
This study tested the hypothesis that participation in a rehabilitation exercise program after hospital discharge would increase the level of physical activity in burned children to that seen in free-living non-burned children. Thirty-one severely burned children (12±3 y, 144±18 cm, 42±17 kg, 48 ±12% total body surface area burns) were matched to 31 non-burned children (12±3 y, 147±17 cm, 45±15 kg) based on age and sex. Pedometers were used to track minutes and steps in burned children during their exercise rehabilitation and non-burned children under free-living conditions (healthy control)...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584527/teacher-level-factors-classroom-physical-activity-opportunities-and-children-s-physical-activity-levels
#12
Patrick Abi Nader, Evan Hilberg, John M Schuna, Deborah H John, Katherine B Gunter
BACKGROUND: Classroom-based physical activity (CBPA) breaks are a cost-effective strategy to promote physical activity (PA) at school. Despite teachers' critical roles in sustained implementation of CBPA breaks, few studies examined the association of teacher-level factors with student PA levels, and none focused on rural schools. METHODS: We monitored children's PA levels over 4 consecutive school days at 6 rural Oregon elementary schools with Walk4Life pedometers...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29569996/adults-engaged-in-sports-in-early-life-have-higher-bone-mass-than-their-inactive-peers
#13
Alessandra Madia Mantovani, Manoel Carlos Spiguel de Lima, Luis Alberto Gobbo, Enio Ricardo Vaz Ronque, Marcelo Romanzini, Bruna Camilo Turi-Lynch, Jamile Sanches Codogno, Rômulo Araújo Fernandes
PURPOSE: To analyze the relationship between engagement in sports in early life and bone variables among adults of both sexes. METHODS: The sample was composed of 225 men and women. Demographic data were collected, and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to assess bone mineral density, bone mineral content, and lean soft tissue. Sports participation in early life was assessed by an interview including childhood and adolescence. Consumption of tobacco and alcohol was also assessed by interview and the habitual physical activity level by a pedometer...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566746/the-influence-of-a-consumer-wearable-activity-tracker-on-sedentary-time-and-prolonged-sedentary-bouts-secondary-analysis-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Robert A Sloan, Youngdeok Kim, Aarti Sahasranaman, Falk Müller-Riemenschneider, Stuart J H Biddle, Eric A Finkelstein
OBJECTIVE: A recent meta-analysis surmised pedometers were a useful panacea to independently reduce sedentary time (ST). To further test and expand on this deduction, we analyzed the ability of a consumer-wearable activity tracker to reduce ST and prolonged sedentary bouts (PSB). We originally conducted a 12-month randomized control trial where 800 employees from 13 organizations were assigned to control, activity tracker, or one of two activity tracker plus incentive groups designed to increase step count...
March 22, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560267/are-physical-activity-levels-of-health-care-professionals-consistent-with-activity-guidelines-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-new-zealand
#15
Lydia Chan, Harry McNaughton, Mark Weatherall
Objective: We aimed to estimate the level of physical activity undertaken by health care professionals and the proportion that achieved a daily target of 10,000 steps. Design: This was a prospective cohort study. Setting: Participants were recruited in Wellington Regional Hospital, a tertiary hospital in New Zealand. Participants: Neurology, Cardiology, and Endocrinology staff were invited to participate. Main outcome measures: Pedometer-measured step counts were recorded over seven days and the proportion that achieved a daily target of 10,000 steps was calculated...
January 2018: JRSM Cardiovascular Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558919/a-step-in-the-right-direction-an-open-design-pedometer-algorithm-for-dogs
#16
C Ladha, Z Belshaw, J O'Sullivan, L Asher
BACKGROUND: Accelerometer-based technologies could be useful in providing objective measures of canine ambulation, but most are either not tailored to the idiosyncrasies of canine gait, or, use un-validated or closed source approaches. The aim of this paper was to validate algorithms which could be applied to accelerometer data for i) counting the number of steps and ii) distance travelled by a dog. To count steps, an approach based on partitioning acceleration was used. This was applied to accelerometer data from 13 dogs which were walked a set distance and filmed...
March 20, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558034/effect-of-physical-activity-on-the-sequelae-of-osteoporosis-in-female-residents-of-residential-care-facilities
#17
Agnieszka J Nawrat-Szołtysik, Anna Polak, Andrzej Małecki, Laura Piejko, Dominika Grzybowska-Ganszczyk, Michał Kręcichwost, Józef Opara
BACKGROUND: Osteoporosis is one of the most common diseases that develop with age and cause high morbidity and mortality among elderly people. OBJECTIVES: This study was set out to evaluate the influence of a program of modified Sinaki exercises, Nordic walking (NW) and a combination of these physical activities on people with osteoporosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A sample consisting of 91 women aged 65-98 years living in residential care facilities was randomized into 4 groups...
March 20, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557821/patient-selected-strategies-for-post-cardiac-rehabilitation-exercise-adherence-in-heart-failure
#18
Jessica Nielsen, Kathleen Duncan, Bunny Pozehl
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the use of patient-selected exercise adherence strategies following cardiac rehabilitation (CR). DESIGN: Twenty patients with heart failure (HF) were recruited and randomly assigned to the intervention or control group at completion of CR. METHODS: The intervention included the use of six adherence strategies (logs, graphs, pedometers, phone follow-up, education, and a letter from CR staff), which were provided for 6 weeks post CR and during home-based exercise...
March 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541340/a-descriptive-study-of-objectively-measured-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-playtime-in-college-students
#19
Charles J Fountaine, Emily J Springer, Jasmine R Sward
Since its debut in July 2016, Pokémon GO has been a wildly popular mobile gaming app. In contrast to many previous apps, Pokémon GO requires the user to be physically active. However, the extent to which Pokémon GO contributes to physical activity is unknown. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the physical activity profile of playing Pokémon GO for 60 minutes in recreationally active college students. College students (n=27, n=19 female) were fitted with an accelerometer, pedometer, and heart rate monitor to assess the activity demands during a 60-min bout of Pokémon GO...
2018: International Journal of Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532314/development-of-a-textile-capacitive-proximity-sensor-and-gait-monitoring-system-for-smart-healthcare
#20
Se Dong Min, Changwon Wang, Doo-Soon Park, Jong Hyuk Park
Gait is not only one of the most important functions and activities in daily life but is also a parameter to monitor one's health status. We propose a single channel capacitive proximity pressure sensor (TCPS) and gait monitoring system for smart healthcare. Insole-type TCPS (270 mm in length) was designed consisting of three layers including two shield layers and a sensor layer. Analyzing the step count and stride time are the basic indicators in gait analysis, thus they were selected as evaluation indicators...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
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