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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929950/high-versus-low-theoretical-fidelity-pedometer-intervention-using-social-cognitive-theory-on-steps-and-self-efficacy
#1
Thomas D Raedeke, Deirdre Dlugonski
PURPOSE: This study was designed to compare a low versus high theoretical fidelity pedometer intervention applying social-cognitive theory on step counts and self-efficacy. METHOD: Fifty-six public university employees participated in a 10-week randomized controlled trial with 2 conditions that varied in theoretical fidelity. Participants in the high theoretical fidelity condition wore a pedometer and participated in a weekly group walk followed by a meeting to discuss cognitive-behavioral strategies targeting self-efficacy...
September 20, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924590/physical-activity-during-video-capsule-endoscopy-correlates-with-shorter-bowel-transit-time
#2
Peter P Stanich, Joshua Peck, Christopher Murphy, Kyle M Porter, Marty M Meyer
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIM:  Video capsule endoscopy (VCE) is limited by reliance on bowel motility for propulsion, and lack of physical activity has been proposed as a cause of incomplete studies. Our aim was to prospectively investigate the association between physical activity and VCE bowel transit. PATIENTS AND METHODS:  Ambulatory outpatients receiving VCE were eligible for the study. A pedometer was attached at the time of VCE ingestion and step count was recorded at the end of the procedure...
September 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912193/effectiveness-of-a-multifactorial-intervention-based-on-an-application-for-smartphones-heart-healthy-walks-and-a-nutritional-workshop-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-primary-care-emid-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Rosario Alonso-Domínguez, Manuel A Gómez-Marcos, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Natalia Sánchez-Aguadero, Cristina Agudo-Conde, Carmen Castaño-Sánchez, Luis García-Ortiz, José I Recio-Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: New information and communication technologies (ICTs) may promote lifestyle changes, but no adequate evidence is available on their combined effect of ICTs with multifactorial interventions aimed at improving diet and increasing physical activity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). The primary objective of this study is to assess the effect of a multifactorial intervention to increase physical activity and adherence to Mediterranean diet in DM2. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: Study scope and population: The study will be conducted at 'La Alamedilla' primary care research unit in Salamanca (Spain)...
September 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903892/effectiveness-of-smartmoms-a-novel-ehealth-intervention-for-management-of-gestational-weight-gain-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#4
Leanne M Redman, L Anne Gilmore, Jeffrey Breaux, Diana M Thomas, Karen Elkind-Hirsch, Tiffany Stewart, Daniel S Hsia, Jeffrey Burton, John W Apolzan, Loren E Cain, Abby D Altazan, Shelly Ragusa, Heather Brady, Allison Davis, J Mick Tilford, Elizabeth F Sutton, Corby K Martin
BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of pregnant women exceed gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations. Because excess GWG is associated with adverse outcomes for mother and child, development of scalable and cost-effective approaches to deliver intensive lifestyle programs during pregnancy is urgent. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to decrease the proportion of women who exceed the Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 GWG guidelines. METHODS: In a parallel-arm randomized controlled trial, 54 pregnant women (age 18-40 years) who were overweight (n=25) or obese (n=29) were enrolled to test whether an intensive lifestyle intervention (called SmartMoms) decreased the proportion of women with excess GWG, defined as exceeding the 2009 IOM guidelines, compared to no intervention (usual care group)...
September 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886734/promoting-physical-activity-in-worksite-settings-results-of-a-german-pilot-study-of-the-online-intervention-healingo-fit
#5
Kevin Dadaczynski, Stephan Schiemann, Olaf Backhaus
BACKGROUND: Worldwide, one third of the adult population is insufficiently physically active. This fact has led to a strong demand for public health initiatives. Given the mixed evidence on the effectiveness of worksite interventions promoting physical activity (PA), a pedometer-based and gamified intervention, Healingo Fit, was developed and evaluated over a period of six weeks. METHODS: The effectiveness of Healingo Fit was evaluated as part of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) with two measurement points involving employees of an automobile manufacturer...
September 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880576/increasing-physical-activity-through-an-internet-based-motivational-intervention-supported-by-pedometers-in-a-sample-of-sedentary-students-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Marta Miragall, Alejandro Domínguez-Rodríguez, Jessica Navarro, Ausiàs Cebolla, Rosa M Baños
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of an Internet-based motivational intervention (IMI) supported by pedometers (in comparison with IMI alone and non-intervention) on increasing daily steps and changing constructs related to physical activity (PA) in a sample of sedentary students. DESIGN: A randomised-controlled trial was conducted with 76 sedentary or low-active college students. The purpose of the IMI was to deliver information to increase motivation and set individualised PA goals...
September 7, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872597/changes-in-daily-steps-and-body-mass-index-and-waist-to-height-ratio-during-four-year-follow-up-in-adults-cardiovascular-risk-in-young-finns-study
#7
Kasper Salin, Mirja Hirvensalo, Costan G Magnussen, Risto Telama, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Jorma Viikari, Olli Raitakari, Tuija Tammelin
Aims: Over the study years, there was a significant increase in body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WtHR) in middle aged Finnish adults. Methods: Data were obtained from 1033 Finnish adults from the Cardiovascular Risk in Young Finns Study in 2007 and 2011. Cohort study participants wore an Omron Walking Style One (HJ-152R-E) pedometer for five days and were grouped into those who increased, maintained and decreased their steps between 2007 and 2011. Paired samples t-test was used to compare body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-height ratio (WtHR) change values between the change groups in study years...
September 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866969/a-scoping-review-of-use-of-wearable-devices-to-evaluate-outcomes-in-survivors-of-critical-illness
#8
Samuel Gluck, Lee-Anne S Chapple, Marianne J Chapman, Theodore J Iwashyna, Adam M Deane
OBJECTIVE: Wearable devices using new technology may be a cost-effective method to assess functional outcomes in survivors of critical illness. Our primary objective was to review the extent to which wearable devices such as smartphones, pedometers, accelerometers and global positioning systems have been used to evaluate outcomes in survivors of an intensive care unit admission. DESIGN: We included studies of patients surviving an ICU admission and which measured outcomes using wearable devices...
September 2017: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856084/the-cost-effectiveness-of-physical-activity-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#9
REVIEW
Karim Abu-Omar, Alfred Rütten, Ionuţ Burlacu, Valentin Schätzlein, Sven Messing, Marc Suhrcke
BACKGROUND: Despite growing recognition of the need to promote physical activity, the existing evidence base on the cost-effectiveness of relevant interventions appears scant and scattered. This systematic review of reviews set out to take stock of the evidence on the cost-effectiveness of physical activity interventions. METHODS: Ten literature databases were systematically searched for available reviews on the cost-effectiveness of physical activity interventions, complemented by a hand search...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855085/the-impact-of-accelerometer-wear-location-on-the-relationship-between-step-counts-and-arterial-stiffness-in-adults-treated-for-hypertension-and-diabetes
#10
Alexandra B Cooke, Stella S Daskalopoulou, Kaberi Dasgupta
OBJECTIVES: Accelerometer placement at the wrist is convenient and increasingly adopted despite less accurate physical activity (PA) measurement than with waist placement. Capitalizing on a study that started with wrist placement and shifted to waist placement, we compared associations between PA measures derived from different accelerometer locations with a responsive arterial health indicator, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851462/effects-of-a-brief-pedometer-based-behavioral-intervention-for-individuals-with-copd-during-inpatient-pulmonary-rehabilitation-on-6-week-and-6-month-objectively-measured-physical-activity-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Wolfgang Geidl, Jana Semrau, René Streber, Nicola Lehbert, Silke Wingart, Alexander Tallner, Michael Wittmann, Rupert Wagner, Konrad Schultz, Klaus Pfeifer
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary rehabilitation programs often fail to substantially enhance long-term physical activity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The reasons for successful physical activity changes in patients with COPD are not well understood. The need to better understand the determinants of physical activity in patients with COPD and effective rehabilitation strategies to improve physical activity is evident. METHODS/DESIGN: The STAR study (Stay Active after Rehabilitation) investigates, in a randomized controlled trial, the additional effect of a pedometer-based behavior-change intervention during inpatient pulmonary rehabilitation on objectively measured physical activity 6 weeks and 6 months post rehabilitation...
August 29, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851434/effect-and-process-evaluation-of-a-kindergarten-based-family-involved-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-in-six-european-countries-on-four-to-six-year-old-children-s-steps-per-day-the-toybox-study
#12
Marieke De Craemer, Maïté Verloigne, Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij, Odysseas Androutsos, Violeta Iotova, Luis Moreno, Berthold Koletzko, Piotr Socha, Yannis Manios, Greet Cardon
BACKGROUND: The ToyBox-intervention is a theory- and evidence-based intervention delivered in kindergartens to improve four- to six-year-old children's energy balance-related behaviours and prevent obesity. The current study aimed to (1) examine the effect of the ToyBox-intervention on increasing European four- to six-year-old children' steps per day, and (2) examine if a higher process evaluation score from teachers and parents was related to a more favourable effect on steps per day...
August 29, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831368/associations-between-seasonal-meteorological-conditions-and-the-daily-step-count-of-adults-in-yokohama-japan-results-of-year-round-pedometer-measurements-in-a-large-population
#13
Kimihiro Hino, Jung Su Lee, Yasushi Asami
People's year-round interpersonal step count variations according to meteorological conditions are not fully understood, because complete year-round data from a sufficient sample of the general population are difficult to acquire. This study examined the associations between meteorological conditions and objectively measured step counts using year-round data collected from a large cohort (N = 24,625) in Yokohama, Japan from April 2015 to March 2016. Two-piece linear regression analysis was used to examine the associations between the monthly median daily step count and three meteorological indices (mean values of temperature, temperature-humidity index (THI), and net effective temperature (NET))...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820787/the-relationship-between-parental-and-child-physical-activity-in-a-rural-community
#14
Heath Larsen, Danae Dinkel, Shane Warehime, Kris Berg
This study examined the relationship between parental and child physical activity (PA) in a rural community. Forty-one children and at least 1 parent wore pedometers to measure step count over the course of 4 days. Parents also completed a PA survey assessing parental support for PA, parental enjoyment for PA, perceived importance of PA, and their own PA levels. Parental PA level and mothers' support for PA were moderately associated with their child's PA levels. Thus, future PA promotion efforts could focus on encouraging parents, primarily mothers, to be more active to help improve their child's PA levels...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820785/collective-efficacy-physical-activity-and-health-outcomes-among-mothers
#15
Deirdre Dlugonski, Bhibha M Das, Tiesha R Martin, Autumn Palmer
Motherhood is associated with low rates of physical activity that increase disease risk. Most theory-based approaches to increasing physical activity focus on personal rather than social factors. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among perceptions of community collective efficacy and objectively measured physical activity, self-efficacy, social support, and health. Mothers completed questionnaires and wore a pedometer for 7 days. There was a significant, positive association between physical activity and collective efficacy-social cohesion subscale...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811737/learning-and-developing-individual-exercise-skills-l-a-d-i-e-s-for-a-better-life-a-church-based-physical-activity-intervention-baseline-participant-characteristics
#16
Melicia C Whitt-Glover, Moses V Goldmon, Ziya Gizlice, Daniel P Heil, Njeri Karanja
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for health, yet most African American women do not achieve recommended levels. Successful, sustainable strategies could help to address disparities in health outcomes associated with low levels of PA. The Learning and Developing Individual Exercise Skills (L.A.D.I.E.S.) for a Better Life study compared a faith-based and a secular intervention for increasing PA with a self-guided control group. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This cluster randomized, controlled trial was conducted from 2010 - 2011 in African American churches (n=31) in suburban North Carolina...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810105/increased-activity-in-unstructured-versus-structured-gym-time-in-an-after-school-program
#17
Matthew A McDougall, Rachel Schaeffer, Richard Holm, Bonny Specker
BACKGROUND: More than 10 million American youth engage in after-school programs that provide an opportunity to increase physical activity. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that children in unstructured gym time (free) would have greater activity than both structured gym time (structured) and when increased screen time was available. METHODS: Three interventions were compared in a nested design, with each two-week intervention preceded and followed by a two-week control period...
December 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807041/the-feasibility-and-re-aim-evaluation-of-the-tame-health-pilot-study
#18
Zakkoyya H Lewis, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Steve R Fisher, Kristofer Jennings, Arleen F Brown, Maria C Swartz, Eloisa Martinez, Elizabeth J Lyons
BACKGROUND: Conducting 5 A's counseling in clinic and utilizing technology-based resources are recommended to promote physical activity but little is known about how to implement such an intervention. This investigation aimed to determine the feasibility and acceptability, using the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) framework, of a pragmatic, primary care-based intervention that incorporated 5 A's counseling and self-control through an activity monitor...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803016/association-between-ambient-temperature-and-humidity-vaginal-temperature-and-automatic-activity-monitoring-on-induced-estrus-in-lactating-cows
#19
Liam B Polsky, Augusto M L Madureira, Eraldo L Drago Filho, Sergio Soriano, Alex F Sica, José L M Vasconcelos, Ronaldo L A Cerri
The objective of this study was to determine the association between ambient temperature and humidity, vaginal temperature, and automated activity monitoring in synchronized cows. Lactating Holstein cows (n = 641; 41.5 ± 9.4 kg of milk/d) were fitted with leg-mounted pedometers, resulting in 843 evaluated activity episodes of estrus. Vaginal temperature was monitored using thermometers attached to an intravaginal device as part of a timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol; vaginal temperature was recorded every 10 min for 3 d...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799458/effects-of-an-unsupervised-pedometer-based-physical-activity-program-on-daily-steps-of-adults-with-moderate-to-severe-asthma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Cristina Martins Coelho, Maycon Moura Reboredo, Felipe Martins Valle, Carla Malaguti, Larissa Almeida Campos, Lucas Mendes Nascimento, Erich Vidal Carvalho, Júlio César Abreu Oliveira, Bruno Valle Pinheiro
Supervised exercise has shown benefits for subjects with asthma, but little is known about the effectiveness of unsupervised physical activity on this population. We investigated the effects of a 12-week unsupervised pedometer-based physical activity program on daily steps and on clinical and psychological parameters of adults with asthma. Clinically stable adults with moderate to severe asthma were encouraged to take daily 30-minute walks and were randomized to pedometer and control groups. The pedometer group received pedometers and individualized daily step targets...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
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