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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811737/learning-and-developing-individual-exercise-skills-l-a-d-i-e-s-for-a-better-life-a-church-based-physical-activity-intervention-baseline-participant-characteristics
#1
Melicia C Whitt-Glover, Moses V Goldmon, Ziya Gizlice, Daniel P Heil, Njeri Karanja
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial for health, yet most African American women do not achieve recommended levels. Successful, sustainable strategies could help to address disparities in health outcomes associated with low levels of PA. The Learning and Developing Individual Exercise Skills (L.A.D.I.E.S.) for a Better Life study compared a faith-based and a secular intervention for increasing PA with a self-guided control group. DESIGN SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: This cluster randomized, controlled trial was conducted from 2010 - 2011 in African American churches (n=31) in suburban North Carolina...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810105/increased-activity-in-unstructured-versus-structured-gym-time-in-an-after-school-program
#2
Matthew A McDougall, Rachel Schaeffer, Richard Holm, Bonny Specker
BACKGROUND: More than 10 million American youth engage in after-school programs that provide an opportunity to increase physical activity. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that children in unstructured gym time (free) would have greater activity than both structured gym time (structured) and when increased screen time was available. METHODS: Three interventions were compared in a nested design, with each two-week intervention preceded and followed by a two-week control period...
December 2016: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807041/the-feasibility-and-re-aim-evaluation-of-the-tame-health-pilot-study
#3
Zakkoyya H Lewis, Kenneth J Ottenbacher, Steve R Fisher, Kristofer Jennings, Arleen F Brown, Maria C Swartz, Eloisa Martinez, Elizabeth J Lyons
BACKGROUND: Conducting 5 A's counseling in clinic and utilizing technology-based resources are recommended to promote physical activity but little is known about how to implement such an intervention. This investigation aimed to determine the feasibility and acceptability, using the RE-AIM (Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance) framework, of a pragmatic, primary care-based intervention that incorporated 5 A's counseling and self-control through an activity monitor...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803016/association-between-ambient-temperature-and-humidity-vaginal-temperature-and-automatic-activity-monitoring-on-induced-estrus-in-lactating-cows
#4
Liam B Polsky, Augusto M L Madureira, Eraldo L Drago Filho, Sergio Soriano, Alex F Sica, José L M Vasconcelos, Ronaldo L A Cerri
The objective of this study was to determine the association between ambient temperature and humidity, vaginal temperature, and automated activity monitoring in synchronized cows. Lactating Holstein cows (n = 641; 41.5 ± 9.4 kg of milk/d) were fitted with leg-mounted pedometers, resulting in 843 evaluated activity episodes of estrus. Vaginal temperature was monitored using thermometers attached to an intravaginal device as part of a timed artificial insemination (TAI) protocol; vaginal temperature was recorded every 10 min for 3 d...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799458/effects-of-an-unsupervised-pedometer-based-physical-activity-program-on-daily-steps-of-adults-with-moderate-to-severe-asthma-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Cristina Martins Coelho, Maycon Moura Reboredo, Felipe Martins Valle, Carla Malaguti, Larissa Almeida Campos, Lucas Mendes Nascimento, Erich Vidal Carvalho, Júlio César Abreu Oliveira, Bruno Valle Pinheiro
Supervised exercise has shown benefits for subjects with asthma, but little is known about the effectiveness of unsupervised physical activity on this population. We investigated the effects of a 12-week unsupervised pedometer-based physical activity program on daily steps and on clinical and psychological parameters of adults with asthma. Clinically stable adults with moderate to severe asthma were encouraged to take daily 30-minute walks and were randomized to pedometer and control groups. The pedometer group received pedometers and individualized daily step targets...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794802/healthy-lifestyle-intervention-for-adult-clinic-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Steven S Coughlin, Christos Hatzigeorgiou, Judith Anglin, Ding Xie, Gina M Besenyi, Gianluca De Leo, Jessica Stewart, Thad Wilkins
BACKGROUND: Diet and exercise therapy have been reported to be effective in improving blood glucose control and are an important part of treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this study is to examine the efficacy of a healthy lifestyle intervention for adult clinic patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, as measured by Hgb-A1c, cardiovascular indicators, physical activity, weight, and BMI. Also of interest are optimal strategies for subject recruitment, the number of intervention sessions attended, and participant use of the Fitbit watch to monitor their physical activity and track food and beverage consumption...
2017: Diabetes Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780228/relation-of-pedometer-steps-count-self-reported-physical-activity-with-health-indices-in-middle-aged-adults
#7
Nusrat Jahan, Shweta Shenoy
OBJECTIVE: To describe the relationship between daily physical activity (steps/day and self report method) and health indices. Also to observe relationship between daily physical activity and existence of any prior sign of metabolic syndrome in middle aged adults of 40-60 years. A secondary objective was to observe relation between objective (steps/day) and subjective (IPAQ) measure of physical activity. METHOD: 145 subjects were recruited from residential colony of New Delhi, India and their health indices (waist circumference, hip circumference, waist hip ratio, blood pressure, resting heart rate), and presence of any sign of metabolic syndrome were noted down...
July 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776926/interdependence-of-physical-inactivity-loss-of-muscle-mass-and-low-dietary-intake-extrapulmonary-manifestations-in-older-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-patients
#8
Kazuya Yoshimura, Susumu Sato, Shigeo Muro, Minoru Yamada, Koichi Hasegawa, Hirofumi Kiyokawa, Michiaki Mishima, Tomoki Aoyama
AIM: Extrapulmonary manifestations, such as reductions in skeletal muscle and physical inactivity, are important clinical features of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and might depend on the severity of COPD. As it is still unclear whether the relationship between muscle loss and physical inactivity is dominated by a disease-specific relationship or caused by patient factors, including physiological aging, we aimed to investigate the pulmonary or extrapulmonary factors associated with physical inactivity among older COPD patients...
August 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774352/-you-started-something-%C3%A2-then-i-continued-by-myself-a-qualitative-study-of-physical-activity-maintenance
#9
Charlotte Wahlich, Carole Beighton, Christina Victor, Rebecca Normansell, Derek Cook, Sally Kerry, Steve Iliffe, Michael Ussher, Peter Whincup, Julia Fox-Rushby, Elizabeth Limb, Cheryl Furness, Tess Harris
BACKGROUND: Most mid-life and older adults are not achieving recommended physical activity (PA) targets and effective interventions are needed to increase and maintain PA long-term for health benefits. The Pedometer And Consultation Evaluation (PACE-UP) trial, a three-armed primary care pedometer-based walking intervention in those aged 45-75 years, demonstrated increased PA levels at 12 months. A three-year follow-up was conducted to evaluate long-term PA maintenance, including a qualitative component...
August 4, 2017: Primary Health Care Research & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771082/effects-of-bmi-on-bone-loading-due-to-physical-activity
#10
Tina Smith, Sue Reeves, Lewis Halsye, Jörg Huber, Jin Luo
The aim of the current study was to compare bone loading due to physical activity between lean and, overweight and obese individuals. Fifteen participants (lower BMI group: BMI < 25 kg/m(2), n=7; higher BMI group: 25 kg/m(2) < BMI < 36.35 kg/m(2), n=8) wore a tri-axial accelerometer on one day to collect data for the calculation of bone loading. The International Physical Activity Questionnaire (short form) was used to measure time spent at different physical activity levels. Daily step counts were measured using a pedometer...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771068/tracking-of-pedometer-determined-physical-activity-a-16-year-follow-up-study
#11
Anders Raustorp, Andreas Fröberg
BACKGROUND: The aims of this study were to explore the effect of time and long-termed tracking on pedometer-determined physical activity (PA) from early adolescent to the thirties. METHODS: PA was measured with pedometers (Yamax™ (SW-200)) during 2000 (Time 1), 2003 (Time 2), 2005 (Time 3), 2010 (Time 4), and 2016 (Time 5). Anthropometric data was collected during Time 1. Data from 59 participants (n=32 males) were analyzed from early adolescent (Time 1) to the thirties (Time 5)...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762507/increasing-physical-activity-for-veterans-in-the-mental-health-intensive-case-management-program-a-community-based-intervention
#12
S Akeya Harrold, Julian Libet, Charlene Pope, Joy A Lauerer, Emily Johnson, Barbara J Edlund
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), experience increased mortality-20 years greater disparity for men and 15 years greater disparity for women-compared to the general population (Thornicroft G. Physical health disparities and mental illness: The scandal of premature mortality. Br J Psychiatr. 2011;199:441-442). Numerous factors contribute to premature mortality in persons with SMI, including suicide and accidental death (Richardson RC, Faulkner G, McDevitt J, Skrinar GS, Hutchinson D, Piette JD...
August 1, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761718/an-observational-study-of-spectators-step-counts-and-reasons-for-attending-a-professional-golf-tournament-in-scotland
#13
Andrew D Murray, Kieran Turner, Daryll Archibald, Chloe Schiphorst, Steffan Arthur Griffin, Hilary Scott, Roger Hawkes, Paul Kelly, Liz Grant, Nanette Mutrie
BACKGROUND: Spectators at several hundred golf tournaments on six continents worldwide may gain health-enhancing physical activity (HEPA) during their time at the event. This study aims to investigate spectators' reasons for attending and assess spectator physical activity (PA) (measured by step count). METHODS: Spectators at the Paul Lawrie Matchplay event in Scotland (August 2016) were invited to take part in this study. They were asked to complete a brief questionnaire with items to assess (1) demographics, (2) reasons for attendance and (3) baseline PA...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734170/web-based-physical-activity-interventions-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of%C3%A2-randomized-controlled-trials
#14
REVIEW
Leila Jahangiry, Mahdieh Abbasalizad Farhangi, Sakineh Shab-Bidar, Fatemeh Rezaei, T Pashaei
OBJECTIVES: It was estimated that approximately 60% of the world's population is classified as inactive or insufficiently active. This meta-analysis investigated the effect of web-based interventions on different types of physical activity (PA) measurements in general population and potential moderating variables. STUDY DESIGN: PubMed, CINAHL, EBSCOhost, PsycINFO, Scopus, Ovid, and ScienceDirect literature searches were conducted to identify studies investigating the effect of web-based interventions on PA...
July 20, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733128/dance-for-health-an-intergenerational-program-to-increase-access-to-physical-activity
#15
Krista Schroeder, Sarah J Ratcliffe, Adriana Perez, David Earley, Cory Bowman, Terri H Lipman
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate Dance for Health, an intergenerational program to increase access to physical activity in an underserved, high risk urban community. DESIGN AND METHODS: Dance for Health was developed using community-based participatory research methods and evaluated using an observational study design. The program entailed two hour line dancing sessions delivered by trained dance instructors in the neighborhood recreation center...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727165/increased-fibre-and-reduced-trans-fatty-acid-intake-are-primary-predictors-of-metabolic-improvement-in-overweight-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-substudy-of-randomized-trial-between-diet-exercise-and-diet-plus-exercise-for-weight-control
#16
Åsa Nybacka, Per M Hellström, Angelica L Hirschberg
OBJECTIVE: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is commonly affected by obesity. PCOS phenotypes are prone to increased waist/hip ratio, insulin resistance and dyslipidaemia. This substudy was undertaken to evaluate the effects of lifestyle interventions on metabolic biomarkers in overweight/obese PCOS women, and the interventional effects of dietary components related to metabolic outcomes. DESIGN: Randomized three-arm parallel study. PATIENTS: Fifty-seven PCOS women (BMI >27kg/m(2) , age 18-40) were randomly assigned to diet (D, n=19), exercise (E, n=19) or diet plus exercise (DE, n=19) in three-arm fashion over 16 weeks...
July 20, 2017: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720079/implementation-effectiveness-trial-of-an-ecological-intervention-for-physical-activity-in-ethnically-diverse-low-income-senior-centers
#17
Porchia Rich, Gregory A Aarons, Michelle Takemoto, Veronica Cardenas, Katie Crist, Khalisa Bolling, Brittany Lewars, Cynthia Castro Sweet, Loki Natarajan, Yuyan Shi, Kelsie M Full, Eileen Johnson, Dori E Rosenberg, Melicia Whitt-Glover, Bess Marcus, Jacqueline Kerr
BACKGROUND: As the US population ages, there is an increasing need for evidence based, peer-led physical activity programs, particularly in ethnically diverse, low income senior centers where access is limited. METHODS/DESIGN: The Peer Empowerment Program 4 Physical Activity' (PEP4PA) is a hybrid Type II implementation-effectiveness trial that is a peer-led physical activity (PA) intervention based on the ecological model of behavior change. The initial phase is a cluster randomized control trial randomized to either a peer-led PA intervention or usual center programming...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719494/hockey-fans-in-training-a-pilot-pragmatic-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Robert J Petrella, Dawn P Gill, Guangyong Zou, Ashleigh De Cruz, Brendan Riggin, Cassandra Bartol, Karen Danylchuk, Kate Hunt, Sally Wyke, Cindy M Gray, Christopher Bunn, Merrick Zwarenstein
INTRODUCTION: Hockey Fans in Training (Hockey FIT) is a gender-sensitized weight loss and healthy lifestyle program. We investigated: 1) feasibility of recruiting and retaining overweight and obese men into a pilot pragmatic randomized controlled trial; and 2) potential for Hockey FIT to lead to weight loss and improvements in other outcomes at 12 weeks and 12 months. METHODS: Male fans of 2 ice hockey teams (35-65 years; body-mass index ≥28 kg/m) located in Ontario (Canada) were randomized to intervention (Hockey FIT) or comparator (Wait-list Control)...
July 17, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715307/taking-on-the-obesity-epidemic-researchers-wage-a-big-fat-fight-in-efforts-to-combat-this-global-health-issue
#19
Leslie Mertz
If obesity were tied only to too much food or too little physical activity, the cure would be a simple matter of counting calories or keeping track of steps with a pedometer. Unfortunately, obesity is much more complex. Many other factors come into play, including so-called hunger genes that make a person more susceptible to obesity, infection with certain pathogens linked to weight gain, hormones that dampen or stimulate appetite, sleep disruption that can trigger overeating, and social networks that can promote obesity...
July 2017: IEEE Pulse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707359/the-feasibility-of-using-pedometers-for-self-report-of-steps-and-accelerometers-for-measuring-physical-activity-in-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-across-an-18-month-intervention
#20
L T Ptomey, E A Willis, J Lee, R A Washburn, C A Gibson, J J Honas, J E Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Improving physical activity in adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDDs) is recommended to improve weight loss and general health. However, in order to determine the success of physical activity interventions, identification of feasible methods for assessment of physical activities is necessary. The purpose of this study is to assess the feasibility of adults with IDD to track daily steps and wear an accelerometer. METHODS: Overweight/obese adults with mild to moderate IDD followed a diet and physical activity program for 18 months...
August 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
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