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Nini H Jonkman, Kimberley S van Schooten, Andrea B Maier, Mirjam Pijnappels
eHealth solutions are increasingly being applied to deliver interventions for promoting an active lifestyle in the general population but also in older people. Objective assessment of daily physical activity (PA) is essential to accurately and reliably evaluate the effectiveness of such interventions. This review presents an overview of eHealth interventions that focus on promoting PA in community-dwelling older people, and discusses the methods used to objectively assess PA, and the effectiveness of the eHealth interventions in increasing PA...
July 2018: Maturitas
Takanobu Shioya, Susumu Sato, Masahiro Iwakura, Hitomi Takahashi, Yoshino Terui, Sachiko Uemura, Masahiro Satake
Physical activity (PA) is defined as bodily movement produced by skeletal muscles with energy expenditure beyond resting levels. PA is closely related to reduced morbidity and mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Self-report questionnaires are often subject to recall bias, correlating poorly with objectively qualified PA, and do not provide an accurate estimate of free-living energy expenditure. PA may be objectively evaluated by newly developed tri-axial accelerometers by quantifying steps or body movements over a period of time...
June 11, 2018: Respiratory Investigation
Sehun Park, Tona Hetzler, Dave Hammons, Gary Ward
BACKGROUND: Many studies report a relationship between poor static posture (SP) and low back pain (LBP). This study examined the effects of a biofeedback postural training program on pre-existing LBP, changes to level of physical activity and workability in participants. OBJECTIVE: To determine if static posture training with biofeedback alleviates LBP. METHODS: The control group wore a pedometer to track level of physical activity and the experimental group wore the postural training device, Lumo Lift, for three weeks...
May 27, 2018: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
J Williams, T Ntallaris, J E Routly, D N Jones, J Cameron, A Holman-Coates, R F Smith, P Humblot, H Dobson
We have previously established that the efficiency of identifying oestrus with activity-sensing devices can be compromised by common production diseases; the present study was undertaken to determine how these diseases may affect device readings. A total of 67 Holstein-Friesian cows, >20 days postpartum, were equipped with activity-sensing neck collars and pedometers, and simultaneous milk progesterone profiles were also monitored twice a week. The influences of common production stressors on maximum activity and progesterone values were analysed...
May 31, 2018: Theriogenology
Karin Haby, Marie Berg, Hanna Gyllensten, Ragnar Hanas, Åsa Premberg
Background: Obesity (BMI ≥30) during pregnancy is becoming an increasing public health issue and is associated with adverse maternal and perinatal outcomes. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) further increases the risks of adverse outcomes. However, lifestyle intervention can help pregnant women with obesity to limit their GWG. This study evaluated whether an antenatal lifestyle intervention programme for pregnant women with obesity, with emphasis on nutrition and physical activity, could influence GWG and maternal and perinatal outcomes...
2018: BMC Obesity
Judith J Prochaska, Anna Epperson, Jordan Skan, Marily Oppezzo, Paul Barnett, Kevin Delucchi, Matthew Schnellbaecher, Neal L Benowitz
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use and tobacco-related diseases disproportionately affect Alaska Native (AN) people. Using telemedicine, this study aims to identify culturally-tailored, theoretically-driven, efficacious interventions for tobacco use and other cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk behaviors among AN people in remote areas. DESIGN: Randomized clinical trial with two intervention arms: 1) tobacco and physical activity; 2) medication adherence and a heart-healthy AN diet...
June 1, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Bradley Kendall, Bryanne Bellovary, Neha P Gothe
The purpose of this study was to assess the accuracy of energy expenditure (EE) estimation and step tracking abilities of six activity monitors (AMs) in relation to indirect calorimetry and hand counted steps and assess the accuracy of the AMs between high and low fit individuals in order to assess the impact of exercise intensity. Fifty participants wore the Basis watch, Fitbit Flex, Polar FT7, Jawbone, Omron pedometer, and Actigraph during a maximal graded treadmill test. Correlations, intra-class correlations, and t-tests determined accuracy and agreement between AMs and criterions...
June 4, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
M J W Thompson, G Jones, D A Aitken
Greater skin pigmentation reduces dose equivalent cutaneous vitamin D3 production, potentially impacting lifetime vitamin D status and fracture risk. We show that melanin density was positively associated with 25-hydroxyvitamin D and total body bone mineral density. These relationships were partially explained by greater sun exposure due to more permissive skin phenotype. INTRODUCTION: Higher cutaneous melanin reduces vitamin D3 production. This may impact lifetime vitamin D status and increase fracture risk...
June 1, 2018: Osteoporosis International
Cristina M Caperchione, Corneel Vandelanotte, Kelly Corry, Deborah Power, Nina Gill, Mitch J Duncan
OBJECTIVE: Despite the benefits associated with workplace health programs, many organisations are unable to offer them due to financial constraints. To address this barrier, the existing 10,000 Steps program trialled the 10,000 Steps Pedometer Microgrant Scheme. This study assessed the feasibility and acceptability of the Microgrant Scheme. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with employee representatives (n = 19) were used to explore perceptions of the Microgrant Scheme...
May 29, 2018: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Tatsuya Hirase, Hideki Kataoka, Shigeru Inokuchi, Jiro Nakano, Junya Sakamoto, Minoru Okita
Objective: With the aim of developing a chronic pain prevention program, this randomized controlled trial examined whether exercise training combined with increased physical activity more effectively improves pain and physical activity than exercise training alone in community-dwelling older adults without chronic pain. Methods: We randomized 76 older adults without chronic pain into an intervention group ( n =38) involving exercise training combined with increased physical activity and a control group ( n =38) involving exercise training alone...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
S Z Mabweazara, L L Leach, C Ley, M Smith
Research has consistently shown the benefits of regular physical activity (PA) for women living with HIV and AIDS (WLWHA). This study is a pilot, randomised controlled crossover trial, reporting the effects of a contextualised PA intervention amongst a sample of 21 HIV positive Xhosa-speaking women of low socioeconomic status (SES). The study determined total moderate-to-vigorous PA (TMVPA) as measured subjectively by the Global Physical Activity Questionnaire (GPAQ), total weekly steps (TWS) as measured by a pedometer, and self-efficacy for PA as measured by the Physical Exercise Self-efficacy scale (PESES)...
May 30, 2018: AIDS Care
Takuo Hojo, Miki Sakatani, Naoki Takenouchi
The usefulness of a radiotelemetric pedometer for estrus detection in standing (ST) heat, or in silent heat without ST events, but in which ovulation is observed, in Japanese Black cattle was investigated. The duration of an increase in steps in ST heat was 11.8 ± 1.3 hr, and it was similar to that of ST events (duration: 10.1 ± 0.8 hr). Even in silent heat, the change pattern and the duration (11.6 ± 0.2 hr) of the period with an increase in steps during estrus were not different compared with ST heat...
May 28, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
Dagmar Sigmundová, Petr Badura, Erik Sigmund, Jens Bucksch
This study assessed the associations between these factors in a random sample of Czech families with preschool and school-aged children. A nationally representative sample comprised 185 families with preschool children and 649 families with school-aged children (dyads; both parents and child n = 365, mother and child n = 730, and father and child n = 469). The participants wore Yamax Digiwalker SW-200 pedometers at least four weekdays and both weekend days and completed family logbooks (anthropometric parameters, daily step counts (SC), and screen time (ST))...
May 23, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
Alberto Romanzin, Mirco Corazzin, Edi Piasentier, Stefano Bovolenta
During grazing on Alpine pastures, the use of concentrates in dairy cows' diet leads to a reduction of the environmental sustainability of farms, and influences the selective pressure on some plant species. In order to minimize the use of concentrates, it is imperative to obtain data on the grazing behavior of cows. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of concentrate levels on the behavior of dairy cows during grazing. One hundred and ten lactating Italian Simmental cows, that sequentially grazed two pastures characterized by Poion alpinae (Poion) and Seslerion caeruleae (Seslerion) alliance, were considered...
May 16, 2018: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
Tomas Vetrovsky, Jozef Cupka, Martin Dudek, Blanka Kuthanova, Klaudia Vetrovska, Vaclav Capek, Vaclav Bunc
BACKGROUND: General practitioners play a fundamental role in combatting the current epidemic of physical inactivity, and pedometer-based walking interventions are able to increase physical activity levels of their patients. Supplementing these interventions with email counseling driven by feedback from the pedometer has the potential to further improve their effectiveness but it has to be yet confirmed in clinical trials. Therefore, the aim of our pilot randomized controlled trial is to evaluate the feasibility and potential efficacy of future trials designed to assess the additional benefit of email counseling added to a pedometer-based intervention in a primary care setting...
May 16, 2018: BMC Public Health
Valerie A Holmes, Claire R Draffin, Chris C Patterson, Loraine Francis, Joanne Irwin, Mae McConnell, Brid Farrell, Sarah F Brennan, Oonagh McSorley, Amy C Wotherspoon, Mark Davies, David R McCance
Background: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a 7-fold increased lifetime risk of type 2 diabetes. Excessive gestational weight gain and postpartum weight retention are established predictors of long-term obesity. Objective: To determine the impact of a postnatal lifestyle intervention programme for overweight women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus (PAIGE). Design: Postnatal overweight women with previous GDM participated in a multi-center randomized controlled trial between June 2013 and December 2014...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
W Jiang, Y F Zhao, X Z Yang, Y C Li, Z X Li, L H Wang
Objective: To examine the effects and associated factors of the China Motivational Healthy Walking Program among occupational population. Methods: The 2016 China Motivational Healthy Walking Program recruited 29 224 participants from 139 demonstration areas for comprehensive prevention and control of chronic and non-communicable disease at national level and 70 at provincial level. Intervention on walking was carried out by adopting group and individual motivating measures. Walking steps were recorded by electronic pedometer...
May 6, 2018: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Nan Zeng, Xingyuan Gao, Yuanlong Liu, Jung Eun Lee, Zan Gao
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the reliability of two objective measurement tools in assessing children’s physical activity (PA) levels in an exergaming setting. METHODS: A total of 377 children (190 girls, Mage = 8.39, SD = 1.55) attended the 30-min exergaming class every other day for 18 weeks. Children’s PA levels were concurrently measured by NL-1000 pedometer and ActiGraph GT3X accelerometer, while children’s steps per min and time engaged in sedentary, light, and moderate-to-vigorous PA were estimated, respectively...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Linnea A Polgreen, Christopher Anthony, Lucas Carr, Jacob E Simmering, Nicholas J Evans, Eric D Foster, Alberto M Segre, James F Cremer, Philip M Polgreen
INTRODUCTION: Activity-monitoring devices may increase activity, but their effectiveness in sedentary, diseased, and less-motivated populations is unknown. METHODS: Subjects with diabetes or pre-diabetes were given a Fitbit and randomized into three groups: Fitbit only, Fitbit with reminders, and Fitbit with both reminders and goal setting. Subjects in the reminders group were sent text-message reminders to wear their Fitbit. The goal-setting group was sent a daily text message asking for a step goal...
2018: PloS One
Q G To, D Gallegos, D V Do, H T M Tran, K G To, L Wharton, S G Trost
OBJECTIVES: Despite the benefits of physical activity (PA), a significant proportion of children do not meet physical activity guidelines (PAGs). However, most studies were among secondary-school-aged youth and relied on PA self-report. In addition, information regarding children's PA behaviors during specific segments of day/week is not usually collected. This study, therefore, investigated the level and pattern of PA among fifth-grade students in Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC), Vietnam. STUDY DESIGN: A complex cross-sectional survey was conducted on a representative sample of 619 fifth-grade students in eight public schools in urban areas of HCMC in 2016...
July 2018: Public Health
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