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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213634/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-social-norm-interventions-to-increase-physical-activity
#1
Christopher M Wally, Linda D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Physical activity confers numerous health benefits, yet few adults meet recommended physical activity guidelines. PURPOSE: The impact of brief messages providing descriptive and injunctive social norm feedback on physical activity was tested in this conceptual pilot study. METHODS: Young adults (N = 111) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: descriptive norm feedback, descriptive-plus-injunctive norm feedback, or no social feedback (control condition)...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208044/daily-step-count-and-the-need-for-hospital-care-in-subsequent-years-in-a-community-based-sample-of-older-australians
#2
Ben D Ewald, Christopher Oldmeadow, John R Attia
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which physical activity reduces the number of hospital bed-days for Australians over 55, using an objective measure of activity. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 9784 Newcastle residents aged 55 years or more were invited to participate. 3253 responders were eligible and wore pedometers for one week during 2005-2007; their hospital data from recruitment to 31 March 2015 were analysed (mean follow-up time: 8.2 years). Complete data for 2110 people were available for analysis...
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188319/clinical-inquiry-do-pedometers-increase-activity-and-improve-health-outcomes
#3
Devin Schock, Jon O Neher, Sarah Safranek
In overweight and obese patients, exercise interventions using a pedometer increase steps by about a mile per day over the same interventions without access to pedometer information and are associated with a modest 4 mm Hg reduction in systolic blood pressure (BP) over baseline. In overweight patients with diabetes, pedometer use with nutritional counseling is associated with 0.86 kg greater weight loss than nutritional counseling alone.
January 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181773/influence-of-the-fitbit-charge-hr-on-physical-activity-aerobic-fitness-and-disability-in-non-specific-back-pain-participants
#4
Rebecca Gordon, Saul Bloxham
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of physical activity (PA) and aerobic fitness can reduce non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) yet patient's physical activity 1 and aerobic fitness 2 have been shown to be lower than healthy counterparts. Pedometers are effective at promoting PA 3, yet more 'advanced consumer level activity monitors' (AAMs) can provide greater feedback to the user. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of new advances in commercially available wearable technology on PA, aerobic fitness and disability of low back pain participants...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177727/associations-between-physical-activity-screen-time-and-fitness-among-6-to-10-year-old-children-living-in-edmonton-canada
#5
Morgan Potter, John C Spence, Normand G Boulé, Jodie A Stearns, Valerie Carson
The objectives of this study were to describe fitness levels, examine associations between physical activity (PA), screen time (ST), and fitness, and examine sex moderating effects in a sample of children. Participants were 649 children (7.8±0.6years; 52.4% female) from Edmonton, Canada. Hours/week of PA and ST were parent-reported. PA was also objectively measured with pedometers and expressed in increments of 1000 steps/day. Fitness components (i.e., vertical jump, sit-and-reach, waist circumference, grip strength, predicted maximal oxygen consumption (VO₂ max), push-ups, partial curl-ups, overall fitness) were measured according to the Canadian PA, Fitness and Lifestyle Approach protocols and expressed as z-scores or low/high fitness...
January 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174472/characteristics-of-physical-activity-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#6
Satoko Sakaki, Tetsuya Takahashi, Junichi Matsumoto, Kasuya Kubo, Takuya Matsumoto, Ryo Hishinuma, Yuuta Terabe, Hiroshi Ando
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate the amount of physical activity of the patients with critical limb ischemia consecutively in order to clarify the characteristics of physical activity of critical limb ischemia. [Subjects and Methods] Twelve patients who were eligible for the 2 months of consecutive evaluation of the amount of physical activity were enrolled in the study (men: 11; woman: 1; mean age: 64.4 [range: 44-80]). A pedometer with an accelerometer was used for the measurement of the number of steps walked as an index of the amount of physical activity...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173623/impact-of-accelerometer-and-pedometer-use-on-physical-activity-and-glycaemic-control-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
R Baskerville, I Ricci-Cabello, N Roberts, A Farmer
BACKGROUND: Self-directed pedometer use increases physical activity levels in the general population; however, evidence of benefit for Type 2 diabetes is unclear and has not been systematically reviewed for accelerometers. AIM: To examine the impact of using physical activity monitoring devices (pedometers and accelerometers) on free-living physical activity and HbA1c levels in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review...
February 7, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169570/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-promoting-objectively-measured-physical-activity-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#8
Shaima Alothman, Abdalghani Yahya, Jason Rucker, Patricia M Kluding
BACKGROUND: Many people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are sedentary despite strong recommendations of regular physical activity (PA). Objective measures of PA provide accurate reflection of daily PA level. The purpose of this review was to analyze studies used pedometers or accelerometers to determine the outcome of interventions promoted daily PA in people with T2D. METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted using the PubMed and CINAHL databases (2000 - 2016), with search terms: sedentary, diabetes, pedometer, physical activity, and accelerometer...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164455/smart-approaches-for-assessing-free-living-energy-expenditure-following-identification-of-types-of-physical-activity
#9
REVIEW
G Plasqui
Accurate assessment of physical activity and energy expenditure has been a research focus for many decades. A variety of wearable sensors have been developed to objectively capture physical activity patterns in daily life. These sensors have evolved from simple pedometers to tri-axial accelerometers, and multi sensor devices measuring different physiological constructs. The current review focuses on how activity recognition may help to improve daily life energy expenditure assessment. A brief overview is given about how different sensors have evolved over time to pave the way for recognition of different activity types...
February 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155749/-aims-to-set-up-physical-activity-promotion-workshops-in-health-centres-to-help-people-with-a-sedentary-lifestyle-achieve-an-adequate-level-of-physical-activity-methods-this-health-programme-called-8216-bougeons-notre-sant-233-8217-let-8217-s-move-our-health
#10
Catherine Bouté, Elisabeth Cailliez, Alain D Hour, Didier Goxe, Gaëlle Gusto, Nane Copin, Olivier Lantieri
This health promotion programme is feasible and effective: an increase in the physical activity of participants was observed, together with a favourable impact on perceived health, well-being and social links. These workshops are integrated into a network of associations and institutional partners and could be implemented by similar social or health organisations.</ce:para>.
October 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146599/mark-set-go-school-based-nutrition-and-physical-activity-program-a-five-year-evaluation
#11
Fadya El Rayess, Meeka Gandhi, Haran Mennillo
: Mark, Set Go! is a school-based intervention addressing pediatric obesity in an urban, underserved community. This study evaluates its impact on participants' knowledge, attitudes and behavior related to nutrition, physical activity and screen time. METHOD: Participants, 954 fifth- and sixth-grade public school students, received a 9-week classroom-based intervention led by high school peer educators. A matched design analyzed paired data from pre/post intervention knowledge, attitude and behavior surveys, heights, weights and 24 hour pedometer recordings...
February 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143819/performing-international-outreach-phun-week-in-an-australian-primary-school
#12
Patricia A Halpin
Physiology Understanding (PhUn) Week is an annual science outreach program sponsored by the American Physiological Society in which K-12 students learn about physiology through meeting a physiologist and performing an experiment. Performing PhUn Week at an Australian private primary school during a family vacation in 2014 enabled me to receive a fellowship to return the following year for further implementation. To set up the outreach, I contacted the assistant principal of a public primary school, and she connected me with the physical education (PE) teacher...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131701/relationship-between-pedometer-based-physical-activity-and-physical-function-in-patients-with-osteoarthritis-of-the-knee-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Hirotaka Iijima, Naoto Fukutani, Takuya Isho, Yuko Yamamoto, Masakazu Hiraoka, Kazuyuki Miyanobu, Masashi Jinnouchi, Eishi Kaneda, Tomoki Aoyama, Hiroshi Kuroki, Shuichi Matsuda
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between pedometer-based ambulatory physical activity (PA) and physical function in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study. SETTING: Institutional practice. PARTICIPANTS: Participants in orthopaedic clinics (n = 207; age, 56-90 years; 71.5% female) diagnosed with radiographic knee OA (Kellgren/Lawrence [K/L] grade ≥1). INTERVENTIONS: Not applicable...
January 25, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129250/carotid-femoral-pulse-wave-velocity-in-type-2-diabetes-and-hypertension-capturing-arterial-health-effects-of-step-counts
#14
Kaberi Dasgupta, Ellen Rosenberg, Lawrence Joseph, Luc Trudeau, Natasha Garfield, Deborah Chan, Mark Sherman, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Stella S Daskalopoulou
OBJECTIVE: Optimal medication use obscures the impact of physical activity on traditional cardiometabolic risk factors. We evaluated the relationship between step counts and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), a summative risk indicator, in patients with type 2 diabetes and/or hypertension. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Three hundred and sixty-nine participants were recruited (outpatient clinics; Montreal, Quebec; 2011-2015). Physical activity (pedometer/accelerometer), cfPWV (applanation tonometry), and risk factors (A1C, Homeostatic Model Assessment-Insulin Resistance, blood pressure, lipid profiles) were evaluated...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122510/a-prospective-2-site-parallel-intervention-trial-of-a-research-based-film-to-increase-exercise-amongst-older-hemodialysis-patients
#15
Pia Kontos, Shabbir M H Alibhai, Karen-Lee Miller, Dina Brooks, Romeo Colobong, Trisha Parsons, Sarbjit Vanita Jassal, Alison Thomas, Malcolm Binns, Gary Naglie
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests that exercise training for hemodialysis patients positively improves morbidity and mortality outcomes, yet exercise programs remain rare and are not systematically incorporated into care. We developed a research-based film, Fit for Dialysis, designed to introduce, motivate, and sustain exercise for wellness amongst older hemodialysis patients, and exercise counseling and support by nephrologists, nurses, and family caregivers. The objective of this clinical trial is to determine whether and in what ways Fit for Dialysis improves outcomes and influences knowledge/attitudes regarding the importance of exercise for wellness in the context of end-stage renal disease...
January 26, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119828/monitoring-step-activity-during-task-oriented-circuit-training-in-high-functioning-chronic-stroke-survivors-a-proof-of-concept-feasibility-study
#16
Sofia Straudi, Carlotta Martinuzzi, Andrea Baroni, Maria Grazia Benedetti, Calogero Foti, Amira Sabbagh Charabati, Claudia Pavarelli, Nino Basaglia
OBJECTIVE: To explore the amount of practice and progression during task-oriented circuit training (TOCT) in chronic stroke survivors; to test the use of pedometers and observation-based measures in detecting step activity; to verify the possible correlation between step activity and locomotor function improvements. METHODS: Six community-dwelling chronic stroke survivors underwent 10 TOCT sessions (2 hours/each) over 2 weeks in which they were trained both on a treadmill and on six task-oriented workstations (W1-W6)...
December 2016: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104052/assessment-of-a-chronic-disease-self-management-program-to-increase-physical-activity-of-adults-with-severe-mental-illness
#17
Julia Ringgold Strong, Gail Schoen Lemaire, Lyn Stankiewicz Murphy
Individuals with severe mental illness (SMI) experience excessive co-morbidities and early mortality. Self-management programs have the potential to increase physical activity levels of individuals with SMI and reduce the incidence of co-morbidities. The purpose of this quality improvement project was to assess a chronic disease self-management program (CDSMP) to increase physical activity of adults with SMI measured by daily steps tracked with a pedometer. Results of data analysis indicated no statistically significant difference in steps across the six-week program...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094664/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-active-book-clubs-in-cancer-survivors-an-explorative-investigation
#18
Nanna Maria Hammer, Lisbeth Kofoed Egestad, Susanne Grøn Nielsen, Eik Bjerre, Christoffer Johansen, Ingrid Egerod, Bernardine Pinto, Julie Midtgaard
BACKGROUND: While the increasing number of people surviving cancer is promising, the long-term health effects warrant broad, innovative interventions. We investigated the feasibility and acceptability of a 24-week intervention called 'Active Book Club' comprising audio book listening, pedometer walking and supervised book club meetings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exploratory and descriptive design was applied. Qualitative data included baseline and post-intervention focus group interviews as well as post-intervention individual interviews...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093573/impact-of-lifestyle-intervention-for-obese-women-during-pregnancy-on-maternal-metabolic-and-inflammatory-markers
#19
K M Renault, E M Carlsen, S Hædersdal, L Nilas, N J Secher, J Eugen-Olsen, D Cortes, S F Olsen, T I Halldorsson, K Nørgaard
BACKGROUND: Offspring of obese mothers have increased risk of developing obesity and related short and long-term disease. The cause is multifactorial and may partly be explained by the unfavorable intrauterine environment. Intervention during pregnancy leading to a healthier lifestyle among obese may alter this. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of lifestyle intervention on markers of maternal metabolism and inflammation in 'the TOP (Treatment of Obese Pregnant Women)-study', a randomized controlled trial...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088206/comparing-accelerometer-pedometer-and-a-questionnaire-for-measuring-physical-activity-in-bronchiectasis-a-validity-and-feasibility-study
#20
B O'Neill, S M McDonough, J J Wilson, I Bradbury, K Hayes, A Kirk, L Kent, D Cosgrove, J M Bradley, M A Tully
BACKGROUND: There are challenges for researchers and clinicians to select the most appropriate physical activity tool, and a balance between precision and feasibility is needed. Currently it is unclear which physical activity tool should be used to assess physical activity in Bronchiectasis. The aim of this research is to compare assessment methods (pedometer and IPAQ) to our criterion method (ActiGraph) for the measurement of physical activity dimensions in Bronchiectasis (BE), and to assess their feasibility and acceptability...
January 14, 2017: Respiratory Research
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