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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452362/reported-theory-use-in-walking-interventions-a-literature-review-and-research-agenda
#1
Mohammad Abdul Kadir, Sharyn Rundle-Thiele
There is mixed evidence with some suggesting walking can be increased up to the recommended level through interventions based on behaviour change models and others showing partial or no effects [Arbour and Ginis (A randomised controlled trial of the effects of implementation intentions on women's walking behaviour. Psychol Health, 2009;24:49-65); Merom et al. (Can a motivational intervention overcome an unsupportive environment for walking-findings from the Step-by-Step Study. Ann Behav Med 2009;38:137-46); Ornes and Ransdell (A pilot study examining exercise self-efficacy as a mediator for walking behavior in college-age women...
February 14, 2018: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447248/effect-of-park-prescriptions-with-and-without-group-visits-to-parks-on-stress-reduction-in-low-income-parents-shine-randomized-trial
#2
Nooshin Razani, Saam Morshed, Michael A Kohn, Nancy M Wells, Doug Thompson, Maoya Alqassari, Amaka Agodi, George W Rutherford
INTRODUCTION: Exposure to nature may reduce stress in low-income parents. This prospective randomized trial compares the effect of a physician's counseling about nature with or without facilitated group outings on stress and other outcomes among low-income parents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Parents of patients aged 4-18 years at a clinic serving low-income families were randomized to a supported park prescription versus independent park prescription in a 2:1 ratio...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425636/computerised-decision-support-in-physical-activity-interventions-a-systematic-literature-review
#3
REVIEW
Andreas Triantafyllidis, Dimitris Filos, Jomme Claes, Roselien Buys, Véronique Cornelissen, Evangelia Kouidi, Ioanna Chouvarda, Nicos Maglaveras
BACKGROUND: The benefits of regular physical activity for health and quality of life are unarguable. New information, sensing and communication technologies have the potential to play a critical role in computerised decision support and coaching for physical activity. OBJECTIVES: We provide a literature review of recent research in the development of physical activity interventions employing computerised decision support, their feasibility and effectiveness in healthy and diseased individuals, and map out challenges and future research directions...
March 2018: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425564/effects-of-two-behavioral-cardiac-rehabilitation-interventions-on-physical-activity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Nienke Ter Hoeve, Madoka Sunamura, Henk J Stam, Eric Boersma, Marcel L Geleijnse, Ron T van Domburg, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons
BACKGROUND: Standard cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is insufficient to help patients achieve an active lifestyle. The effects of two advanced and extended behavioral CR interventions on physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) were assessed. METHODS: In total, 731 patients with ACS were randomized to 1) 3months of standard CR (CR-only); 2) 3months of standard CR with three pedometer-based, face-to-face PA group counseling sessions followed by 9months of aftercare with three general lifestyle, face-to-face group counseling sessions (CR+F); or 3) 3months of standard CR, followed by 9months of aftercare with five to six general lifestyle, telephonic counseling sessions (CR+T)...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425196/validation-of-the-adamo-care-watch-for-step-counting-in-older-adults
#5
Daniele Magistro, Paolo Riccardo Brustio, Marco Ivaldi, Dale Winfield Esliger, Massimiliano Zecca, Alberto Rainoldi, Gennaro Boccia
BACKGROUND: Accurate measurement devices are required to objectively quantify physical activity. Wearable activity monitors, such as pedometers, may serve as affordable and feasible instruments for measuring physical activity levels in older adults during their normal activities of daily living. Currently few available accelerometer-based steps counting devices have been shown to be accurate at slow walking speeds, therefore there is still lacking appropriate devices tailored for slow speed ambulation, typical of older adults...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423945/skeletal-growth-body-composition-and-metabolic-risk-among-north-sudanese-immigrant-children
#6
Mohammad H Alasagheirin, Mary K Clark
OBJECTIVES: Children of immigrants and refugees from developing countries are at risk for poor growth that could contribute to adult chronic disease. This study describes the physical growth, bone growth, body composition, metabolic risks, physical activity, and food security of Sudanese children living in the United States. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: Cross-sectional descriptive study of 64 Sudanese children age 5-18. MEASURES: Bone mineral content (BMC), bone density (aBMD), and body composition (fat, lean mass, percent body fat) were measured using DXA...
February 9, 2018: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417315/physical-activity-and-telomere-length-in-american-indians-the-strong-heart-study
#7
Amanda M Fretts, Mihriye Mete, Barbara V Howard, Lyle G Best, David S Siscovick, Sigal Eilat-Adar, Jinying Zhao
Telomere length, a marker of biological aging, has been associated with many chronic diseases, but its relations with physical activity remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of objectively measured ambulatory activity with leukocyte telomere length (LTL), a marker of biological aging, among American Indians. This cross-sectional study included 2312 AI participants from the Strong Heart Family Study. Steps per day were measured using Accusplit AE120 pedometers. Quantitative PCR was used to measure LTL...
February 7, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408965/impacts-of-estrus-expression-and-intensity-during-a-timed-ai-protocol-on-variables-associated-with-fertility-and-pregnancy-success-in-bos-indicus-influenced-beef-cows
#8
A D Rodrigues, R F Cooke, R S Cipriano, L G T Silva, R L A Cerri, L H Cruppe, M Meneghetti, K G Pohler, J L M Vasconcelos
This experiment evaluated the impacts of estrus expression and intensity, estimated by physical activity during a timed-AI protocol, on reproductive performance of Bos indicus-influenced beef cows. A total of 290 lactating, primiparous and multiparous non-pregnant Nelore × Angus cows received a 2 mg injection of estradiol benzoate and an intravaginal progesterone (P4) releasing device (CIDR) on d -11, a 12.5 mg injection of PGF2α on d -4, CIDR removal in addition to 0.6 mg injection of estradiol cypionate and 300 IU injection of eCG on d -2, and timed-AI on d 0...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398318/association-of-weight-control-behaviors-with-body-mass-index-in-korean-adolescents-a-quantile-regression-approach
#9
Sun-Mi Chae, Mi Ja Kim, Chang Gi Park, Ji-Young Yeo, Ji-Hye Hwang, Insook Kwon, Soo-Yeon Han
PURPOSE: Adolescents are interested in weight control but likely practice unhealthy weight control behaviors. This study aimed to examine weight control behaviors associated with body mass index (BMI) in Korean adolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study of 16- to 19-year-old adolescents (97 girls and 90 boys), analyses were conducted of physical activity, sedentary behaviors, dietary behaviors, and self-efficacy for physical activity and diet...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395314/endometrial-cancer-survivors-sleep-patterns-before-and-after-a-physical-activity-intervention-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#10
Shannon D Armbruster, Jaejoon Song, Leticia Gatus, Karen H Lu, Karen M Basen-Engquist
OBJECTIVE: To identify the baseline sleep patterns of endometrial cancer survivors and examine the impact of a physical activity intervention on their sleep quality via retrospective secondary analysis. METHODS: Early-stage endometrial cancer survivors participated in a 6-month single-arm exercise intervention using printed materials, telephone-based counseling, and pedometers to encourage adherence to exercise guidelines. Participants completed questionnaires evaluating their sleep (PSQI), physical activity (CHAMPS), quality of life (SF-36), and stress (PSS) at baseline and study completion...
January 30, 2018: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387824/health-professionals-perceptions-about-physical-activity-promotion-in-diabetes-care-within-primary-health-care-settings-in-oman
#11
Thamra S Alghafri, Saud M Alharthi, Samiya Al-Balushi, Yahya Al-Farsi, Zakiya Al-Busaidi, Elaine Bannerman, Angela M Craigie, Annie S Anderson
Background: As part of formative work to inform an interventional design to increase physical activity (PA) in patients with type 2 diabetes in Oman, this qualitative study aimed to determine health professionals' perception of barriers and opportunities, personnel responsibilities and plausible PA promotional approaches. Methods: Four focus group discussions were carried out with groups of health care professionals (family physicians, dieticians and health educators, managers and general practitioners)...
December 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29380044/effects-of-daily-walking-on-intermuscular-adipose-tissue-accumulation-with-age-a-5-year-follow-up-of-participants-in-a-lifestyle-based-daily-walking-program
#12
Eunji Bang, Kai Tanabe, Noriko Yokoyama, Shoko Chijiki, Takuya Tsuruzono, Shinya Kuno
PURPOSE: Intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) accumulates with age. However, there has been no long-term intervention study examining whether daily walking prevents or decreases the age-related IMAT accumulation. The purpose of this study was to determine effects of a long-term lifestyle-based daily walking program on age-related IMAT accumulation after a 5-year follow-up. METHODS: Using a pedometer, daily step count was evaluated for 5 years in 24 middle-aged and elderly male and female participants...
January 29, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370795/preparing-for-a-trial-to-test-a-postpartum-weight-retention-intervention-among-low-income-women-feasibility-of-a-protocol-in-a-community-based-organization
#13
Charmaine Wright, Marjie Mogul, Glamarys Acevedo, Jaya Aysola, Florence Momplaisir, Sandy Schwartz, Judy Shea
BACKGROUND: Postpartum weight retention (PPWR) causes intergenerational harm, negatively affecting a mother's cardiovascular health and ability to have future healthy pregnancies. Low-income minority women are at highest risk for PPWR with little guidance concerning timeline or strategy to lose weight after delivery. An academic-community partnership conducted observational and focus group work to develop an intervention for PPWR among low-income mothers. This study's objective is to determine the feasibility of implementing a PPWR intervention trial in partnership with a community-based organization (CBO) serving low-income families with social service support...
January 25, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357921/relating-process-evaluation-measures-to-complex-intervention-outcomes-findings-from-the-pace-up-primary-care-pedometer-based-walking-trial
#14
Cheryl Furness, Emma Howard, Elizabeth Limb, Derek G Cook, Sally Kerry, Charlotte Wahlich, Christina Victor, Ulf Ekelund, Steve Iliffe, Michael Ussher, Peter Whincup, Julia Fox-Rushby, Judith Ibison, Stephen DeWilde, Tess Harris
BACKGROUND: The PACE-UP trial demonstrated positive effects of a pedometer-based walking intervention on objective physical activity (PA) outcomes at three and 12 months in 45-75-year-old primary care patients, in postal and nurse-supported trial arms compared with controls. We explored associations between process evaluation measures and change in PA outcomes. METHODS: The MRC framework guided process evaluation. Three quantitative measures (nurse session attendance [dose delivered], PA diary completion [fidelity] and pedometer use [fidelity]) were selected as independent variables in multi-level models estimating intervention effectiveness on PA outcomes (changes in step-counts and time in moderate-to-vigorous PA [MVPA] levels in ≥ 10-min bouts)...
January 22, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29352654/resistance-training-during-a-12-week-protein-supplemented-vlcd-treatment-enhances-weight-loss-outcomes-in-obese-patients
#15
Edward Jo, Phillip R Worts, Marcus L Elam, Ann Frost Brown, Andy V Khamoui, Do-Houn Kim, Ming-Chia Yeh, Michael J Ormsbee, Carla M Prado, Angelina Cain, Katie Snyder, Jeong-Su Kim
BACKGROUND: This investigation evaluated the efficacy by which resistance training enhances body composition, metabolic, and functional outcomes for obese patients undergoing a 12-week medically supervised hypocaloric treatment. METHODS: This was a single-blind, randomized, parallel-group prospective trial. Morbidly obese patients were prescribed a 12-week proprietary very low calorie diet (VLCD) treatment (Optifast®) with supplemental protein (1120 kcals/day) and were placed in one of two groups for 14 weeks: 1) Standard Treatment Control (CON) (n = 5) or 2) Resistance Training (RT) (n = 6)...
December 23, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335328/walking-prescription-of-10-000-steps-per-day-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-randomised-trial-in-nigerian-general-practice
#16
Ayorinde F Fayehun, Olufemi O Olowookere, Adetola M Ogunbode, Adedotun A Adetunji, Arinola Esan
BACKGROUND: In clinical practice, translating the benefits of a sustained physically active lifestyle on glycaemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is difficult. A walking prescription may be an effective alternative. AIM: To examine the effect of a 10 000 steps per day prescription on glycaemic control of patients with T2DM. DESIGN AND SETTING: Forty-six adults with T2DM attending a general outpatient clinic were randomised into two equal groups...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324808/a-novel-prescription-pedometer-assisted-walking-intervention-and-weight-management-for-chinese-occupational-population
#17
Yingxiang Yu, Yiran Lv, Bin Yao, Liguang Duan, Xiaoyuan Zhang, Lan Xie, Cuiqing Chang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Information technology has been previously used for the research and practice of health promotion. Appropriate and effective health promotion methods used by professional groups remain to be investigated. This study aimed to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of a weight management program among the Chinese occupational population using and a novel information technology exercise prescription. STUDY DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: A 3-month open, self-monitored intervention trial, involving individualized pedometer-assisted exercise prescription and a one-time targeted dietary guidance prior to exercise was conducted on the Chinese occupational population aged 18-65 years in China from 2015 to 2016...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317379/effect-of-a-gender-tailored-ehealth-weight-loss-program-on-the-depressive-symptoms-of-overweight-and-obese-men-pre-post-study
#18
Myles D Young, Philip J Morgan
BACKGROUND: Obesity and depression are of two of the largest contributors to the global burden of disease in men. Although lifestyle behavior change programs can improve participants' weight and depressive symptoms, the evidence is limited by a lack of male participants and a reliance on face-to-face treatment approaches, which are not accessible or appealing for many men. OBJECTIVE: This study examined the effect of a gender-tailored electronic health (eHealth) program on the depressive symptoms of a community sample of overweight and obese men with or without depression...
January 9, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304936/cost-effectiveness-and-value-of-information-analysis-of-brief-interventions-to-promote-physical-activity-in-primary-care
#19
Vijay Singh Gc, Marc Suhrcke, Wendy Hardeman, Stephen Sutton, Edward C F Wilson
BACKGROUND: Brief interventions (BIs) delivered in primary care have shown potential to increase physical activity levels and may be cost-effective, at least in the short-term, when compared with usual care. Nevertheless, there is limited evidence on their longer term costs and health benefits. OBJECTIVES: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of BIs to promote physical activity in primary care and to guide future research priorities using value of information analysis...
January 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301558/leucine-and-ace-inhibitors-as-therapies-for-sarcopenia-lace-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Margaret M Band, Deepa Sumukadas, Allan D Struthers, Alison Avenell, Peter T Donnan, Paul R Kemp, Karen T Smith, Cheryl L Hume, Adrian Hapca, Miles D Witham
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia (the age-related loss of muscle mass and function) is a major contributor to loss of mobility, falls, loss of independence, morbidity and mortality in older people. Although resistance training is effective in preventing and reversing sarcopenia, many older people are sedentary and either cannot or do not want to exercise. This trial examines the efficacy of supplementation with the amino acid leucine and/or angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition to potentially improve muscle mass and function in people with sarcopenia...
January 4, 2018: Trials
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