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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317385/does-perceived-safety-modify-the-effectiveness-of-a-walking-group-intervention-designed-to-promote-physical-activity
#1
Jamila L Kwarteng, Amy J Schulz, Graciela B Mentz, Barbara A Israel, Trina R Shanks, Denise White Perkins
PURPOSE: To examine whether perceived safety modified the effectiveness of the Walk Your Heart to Health (WYHH) intervention in promoting physical activity and reducing central adiposity in predominantly non-Latino black (henceforth black) and Latino communities. DESIGN: Generalized estimation equations were used to assess modifying effects of perceived safety on the route and perceived neighborhood safety on (1) WYHH participation at 8 weeks and 32 weeks, (2) associations between participation and physical activity, and (3) associations between physical activity and central adiposity...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306702/self-management-program-for-heart-healthy-behavior-among-middle-and-old-aged-korean-women-at-risk-for-metabolic-syndrome
#2
Nah-Mee Shin, JiWon Choi, InHae Cho, Byung-Jun Park
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has been increasing among Koreans, and middle-aged and older women are at risk of metabolic syndrome. Effective strategies to promote lifestyle modification need to be developed. OBJECTIVE: We examined the effects of a self-management program on improving the cardiovascular health status and promoting healthy behaviors among overweight or obese Korean women at risk of metabolic syndrome. METHODS: A pretest and posttest intervention design was used...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285547/objective-physical-activity-measurement-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-review-of-the-literature
#3
Blathin Casey, Susan Coote, Alan Donnelly
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to identify the objective physical activity (PA) measurement tools and outputs that are used within Multiple Sclerosis (MS) literature. METHODS: A systematic search strategy on eight databases (2000-2016) using keywords associated with MS and PA. RESULTS: This review includes 32 papers. Uni-axial accelerometers were the most popular objective PA tool in this review (68%). Pedometers (14%) and multi-sensor systems (3%) were the second and third most common...
March 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278315/biochemical-effects-of-exercise-on-a-fasciocutaneous-flap-in-a-rat-model
#4
Edita Aksamitiene, Adam L Baker, Sudeep Roy, Salini Hota, Li-Hui Zhang, Julianna Rodin, Kealan Hobelmann, Jan B Hoek, Edmund A Pribitkin
Importance: An overwhelming amount of data suggest that cardiovascular exercise has a positive effect on the mind and body, although the precise mechanism is not always clear. Objective: To assess the clinical and biochemical effects of voluntary cardiovascular exercise on pedicled flaps in a rodent model. Design, Setting, and Participants: Eighteen adult Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomized into a resting animal group (RAG) (n=9) and an exercise animal group (EAG) (n=9) for 14 days (July 23, 2013, through July 30, 2013)...
March 9, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277157/interactive-associations-of-physical-activity-adiposity-and-oral-contraceptive-use-on-c-reactive-protein-levels-in-young-women
#5
Michael V Fedewa, Elizabeth D Hathaway, Simon Higgins, Bhibha M Das, Ronald L Forehand, Michael D Schmidt, Ellen M Evans
Oral contraceptives (OCs) are the most frequently used type of birth control among young women. OC-users have higher C-reactive protein (CRP) values, an indicator of systemic inflammation, than do non-OC-users. In addition, adiposity (percent fat) is positively associated with CRP, and physical activity (PA) is inversely associated with CRP. The present study determined the interactive associations of PA, percent fat, and OC-use with CRP. Data were collected during 2012-2015 at the University of Georgia. Objective PA was measured via pedometers...
February 7, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267104/short-term-efficacy-of-a-sit-less-walk-more-workplace-intervention-on-improving-cardiometabolic-health-and-work-productivity-in-office-workers
#6
Yun-Ping Lin, Chiu-Chu Lin, Meei-Maan Chen, Kwo-Chen Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the short-term efficacy of the Sit Less, Walk More (SLWM) workplace intervention. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental design. A total of 99 office workers from two workplaces participated in this study. The 12-week intervention included five components: monthly newsletters, motivational tools, pedometer challenge, environmental prompts, and walking route. The comparison group received monthly newsletters only. RESULTS: Generalized estimating equation analyses showed that the intervention group demonstrated significant improvements in weight (P = 0...
March 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264695/the-feasibility-of-the-prostate-cancer-evidence-of-exercise-and-nutrition-trial-prevent-dietary-and-physical-activity-modifications-a-qualitative-study
#7
Ellie Shingler, Lucy Hackshaw-McGeagh, Luke Robles, Raj Persad, Anthony Koupparis, Edward Rowe, Constance Shiridzinomwa, Amit Bahl, Richard M Martin, J Athene Lane
BACKGROUND: There is increasing evidence that low levels of physical activity and diets low in fruit and vegetables and high in meat and dairy products are risk factors for prostate cancer disease progression. The Prostate cancer: Evidence of Exercise and Nutrition Trial (PrEvENT) aimed to assess a diet and physical activity intervention in men undergoing radical prostatectomy for localized prostate cancer. The trial included a qualitative component to explore the experiences of men participating in the trial in order to understand the acceptability of the intervention and data collection methods...
March 7, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253056/impact-of-walking-cadence-prescription-to-reach-the-global-physical-activity-recommendations-in-older-adults
#8
Jana Slaght, Martin Senechal, Danielle Bouchard
BACKGROUND: Walking cadence is a new monitoring strategy used to increase bouts of time at moderate intensity. METHODS: Inactive older adults were instructed to walk 150 minutes per week at no specified intensity during phase one. In phase two, the intervention group (N = 23) received instructions on how to reach moderate intensity, using a pedometer and an individualized walking cadence, while the control group (N = 22) did not. The main outcomes were time at moderate intensity and moderate intensity in 10-minute bouts...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213634/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-social-norm-interventions-to-increase-physical-activity
#9
Christopher M Wally, Linda D Cameron
BACKGROUND: Physical activity confers numerous health benefits, yet few adults meet recommended physical activity guidelines. PURPOSE: The impact of brief messages providing descriptive and injunctive social norm feedback on physical activity was tested in this conceptual pilot study. METHODS: Young adults (N = 111) were randomly assigned to one of three conditions: descriptive norm feedback, descriptive-plus-injunctive norm feedback, or no social feedback (control condition)...
February 17, 2017: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208044/daily-step-count-and-the-need-for-hospital-care-in-subsequent-years-in-a-community-based-sample-of-older-australians
#10
Ben D Ewald, Christopher Oldmeadow, John R Attia
OBJECTIVES: To determine the extent to which physical activity reduces the number of hospital bed-days for Australians over 55, using an objective measure of activity. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: 9784 Newcastle residents aged 55 years or more were invited to participate. 3253 responders were eligible and wore pedometers for one week during 2005-2007; their hospital data from recruitment to 31 March 2015 were analysed (mean follow-up time: 8.2 years). Complete data for 2110 people were available for analysis...
February 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188319/clinical-inquiry-do-pedometers-increase-activity-and-improve-health-outcomes
#11
Devin Schock, Jon O Neher, Sarah Safranek
In overweight and obese patients, exercise interventions using a pedometer increase steps by about a mile per day over the same interventions without access to pedometer information and are associated with a modest 4 mm Hg reduction in systolic blood pressure (BP) over baseline. In overweight patients with diabetes, pedometer use with nutritional counseling is associated with 0.86 kg greater weight loss than nutritional counseling alone.
January 2017: Journal of Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181773/influence-of-the-fitbit-charge-hr-on-physical-activity-aerobic-fitness-and-disability-in-non-specific-back-pain-participants
#12
Rebecca Gordon, Saul Bloxham
BACKGROUND: Increasing levels of physical activity (PA) and aerobic fitness can reduce non-specific chronic low back pain (NSCLBP) yet patient's physical activity 1 and aerobic fitness 2 have been shown to be lower than healthy counterparts. Pedometers are effective at promoting PA 3, yet more 'advanced consumer level activity monitors' (AAMs) can provide greater feedback to the user. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of new advances in commercially available wearable technology on PA, aerobic fitness and disability of low back pain participants...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177727/associations-between-physical-activity-screen-time-and-fitness-among-6-to-10-year-old-children-living-in-edmonton-canada
#13
Morgan Potter, John C Spence, Normand G Boulé, Jodie A Stearns, Valerie Carson
The objectives of this study were to describe fitness levels; examine associations between physical activity (PA), screen time (ST), and fitness; and examine sex-moderating effects in a sample of children. Participants were 649 children (age, 7.8 ± 0.6 years; 52.4% female) from Edmonton, Canada. Hours/week of PA and ST were parent-reported. PA was also objectively measured with pedometers and expressed in increments of 1000 steps/day. Fitness components (i.e., vertical jump, sit-and-reach, waist circumference, grip strength, predicted maximal oxygen consumption, push-ups, partial curl-ups, overall fitness) were measured according to the Canadian Physical Activity, Fitness, and Lifestyle Approach protocols and expressed as z scores or low/high fitness...
January 3, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174472/characteristics-of-physical-activity-in-patients-with-critical-limb-ischemia
#14
Satoko Sakaki, Tetsuya Takahashi, Junichi Matsumoto, Kasuya Kubo, Takuya Matsumoto, Ryo Hishinuma, Yuuta Terabe, Hiroshi Ando
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to evaluate the amount of physical activity of the patients with critical limb ischemia consecutively in order to clarify the characteristics of physical activity of critical limb ischemia. [Subjects and Methods] Twelve patients who were eligible for the 2 months of consecutive evaluation of the amount of physical activity were enrolled in the study (men: 11; woman: 1; mean age: 64.4 [range: 44-80]). A pedometer with an accelerometer was used for the measurement of the number of steps walked as an index of the amount of physical activity...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173623/impact-of-accelerometer-and-pedometer-use-on-physical-activity-and-glycaemic-control-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
R Baskerville, I Ricci-Cabello, N Roberts, A Farmer
BACKGROUND: Self-directed pedometer use increases physical activity levels in the general population; however, evidence of benefit for Type 2 diabetes is unclear and has not been systematically reviewed for accelerometers. AIM: To examine the impact of using physical activity monitoring devices (pedometers and accelerometers) on free-living physical activity and HbA1c levels in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We conducted a systematic literature review...
February 7, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169570/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-promoting-objectively-measured-physical-activity-of-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#16
Shaima Alothman, Abdalghani Yahya, Jason Rucker, Patricia M Kluding
BACKGROUND: Many people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) are sedentary despite strong recommendations of regular physical activity (PA). Objective measures of PA provide accurate reflection of daily PA level. The purpose of this review was to analyze studies used pedometers or accelerometers to determine the outcome of interventions promoted daily PA in people with T2D. METHODS: An electronic literature search was conducted using the PubMed and CINAHL databases (2000 - 2016), with search terms: sedentary, diabetes, pedometer, physical activity, and accelerometer...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164455/smart-approaches-for-assessing-free-living-energy-expenditure-following-identification-of-types-of-physical-activity
#17
REVIEW
G Plasqui
Accurate assessment of physical activity and energy expenditure has been a research focus for many decades. A variety of wearable sensors have been developed to objectively capture physical activity patterns in daily life. These sensors have evolved from simple pedometers to tri-axial accelerometers, and multi sensor devices measuring different physiological constructs. The current review focuses on how activity recognition may help to improve daily life energy expenditure assessment. A brief overview is given about how different sensors have evolved over time to pave the way for recognition of different activity types...
February 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155749/-aims-to-set-up-physical-activity-promotion-workshops-in-health-centres-to-help-people-with-a-sedentary-lifestyle-achieve-an-adequate-level-of-physical-activity-methods-this-health-programme-called-8216-bougeons-notre-sant-233-8217-let-8217-s-move-our-health
#18
Catherine Bouté, Elisabeth Cailliez, Alain D Hour, Didier Goxe, Gaëlle Gusto, Nane Copin, Olivier Lantieri
This health promotion programme is feasible and effective: an increase in the physical activity of participants was observed, together with a favourable impact on perceived health, well-being and social links. These workshops are integrated into a network of associations and institutional partners and could be implemented by similar social or health organisations.</ce:para>.
October 19, 2016: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146599/mark-set-go-school-based-nutrition-and-physical-activity-program-a-five-year-evaluation
#19
Fadya El Rayess, Meeka Gandhi, Haran Mennillo
Mark, Set Go! is a school-based intervention addressing pediatric obesity in an urban, underserved community. This study evaluates its impact on participants' knowledge, attitudes and behavior related to nutrition, physical activity and screen time. METHOD: Participants, 954 fifth- and sixth-grade public school students, received a 9-week classroom-based intervention led by high school peer educators. A matched design analyzed paired data from pre/post intervention knowledge, attitude and behavior surveys, heights, weights and 24 hour pedometer recordings...
February 1, 2017: Rhode Island Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143819/performing-international-outreach-phun-week-in-an-australian-primary-school
#20
Patricia A Halpin
Physiology Understanding (PhUn) Week is an annual science outreach program sponsored by the American Physiological Society in which K-12 students learn about physiology through meeting a physiologist and performing an experiment. Performing PhUn Week at an Australian private primary school during a family vacation in 2014 enabled me to receive a fellowship to return the following year for further implementation. To set up the outreach, I contacted the assistant principal of a public primary school, and she connected me with the physical education (PE) teacher...
March 1, 2017: Advances in Physiology Education
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