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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094664/feasibility-and-acceptability-of-active-book-clubs-in-cancer-survivors-an-explorative-investigation
#1
Nanna Maria Hammer, Lisbeth Kofoed Egestad, Susanne Grøn Nielsen, Eik Bjerre, Christoffer Johansen, Ingrid Egerod, Bernardine Pinto, Julie Midtgaard
BACKGROUND: While the increasing number of people surviving cancer is promising, the long-term health effects warrant broad, innovative interventions. We investigated the feasibility and acceptability of a 24-week intervention called 'Active Book Club' comprising audio book listening, pedometer walking and supervised book club meetings. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exploratory and descriptive design was applied. Qualitative data included baseline and post-intervention focus group interviews as well as post-intervention individual interviews...
January 17, 2017: Acta Oncologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093573/impact-of-lifestyle-intervention-for-obese-women-during-pregnancy-on-maternal-metabolic-and-inflammatory-markers
#2
K M Renault, E M Carlsen, S Hædersdal, L Nilas, N J Secher, J Eugen-Olsen, D Cortes, S F Olsen, T I Halldorsson, K Nørgaard
BACKGROUND: Offspring of obese mothers have increased risk of developing obesity and related short and long-term disease. The cause is multifactorial and may partly be explained by the unfavorable intrauterine environment. Intervention during pregnancy leading to a healthier lifestyle among obese may alter this. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of lifestyle intervention on markers of maternal metabolism and inflammation in 'the TOP (Treatment of Obese Pregnant Women)-study', a randomized controlled trial...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088206/comparing-accelerometer-pedometer-and-a-questionnaire-for-measuring-physical-activity-in-bronchiectasis-a-validity-and-feasibility-study
#3
B O'Neill, S M McDonough, J J Wilson, I Bradbury, K Hayes, A Kirk, L Kent, D Cosgrove, J M Bradley, M A Tully
BACKGROUND: There are challenges for researchers and clinicians to select the most appropriate physical activity tool, and a balance between precision and feasibility is needed. Currently it is unclear which physical activity tool should be used to assess physical activity in Bronchiectasis. The aim of this research is to compare assessment methods (pedometer and IPAQ) to our criterion method (ActiGraph) for the measurement of physical activity dimensions in Bronchiectasis (BE), and to assess their feasibility and acceptability...
January 14, 2017: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086906/physical-activity-and-nutrition-behaviour-outcomes-of-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-adults-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-vietnam
#4
Van Dinh Tran, Andy H Lee, Jonine Jancey, Anthony P James, Peter Howat, Le Thi Phuong Mai
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome is prevalent among Vietnamese adults, especially those aged 50-65 years. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a 6 month community-based lifestyle intervention to increase physical activity levels and improve dietary behaviours for adults with metabolic syndrome in Vietnam. METHODS: Ten communes, involving participants aged 50-65 years with metabolic syndrome, were recruited from Hanam province in northern Vietnam. The communes were randomly allocated to either the intervention (five communes, n = 214) or the control group (five communes, n = 203)...
January 13, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086890/feasibility-and-preliminary-efficacy-of-the-heyman-healthy-lifestyle-program-for-young-men-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#5
Lee M Ashton, Philip J Morgan, Melinda J Hutchesson, Megan E Rollo, Clare E Collins
BACKGROUND: In young men, unhealthy lifestyle behaviours can be detrimental to their physical and/or mental health and set them on a negative health trajectory into adulthood. Despite this, there is a lack of evidence to guide development of effective health behaviour change interventions for young men. This study assessed the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of the 'HEYMAN' (Harnessing Ehealth to enhance Young men's Mental health, Activity and Nutrition) healthy lifestyle program for young men...
January 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086853/taking-action-to-reduce-pain-action-study-rationale-design-and-protocol-of-a-randomized-trial-of-a-proactive-telephone-based-coaching-intervention-for-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-among-african-americans
#6
Rozina H Bhimani, Lee J S Cross, Brent C Taylor, Laura A Meis, Steven S Fu, Kelli D Allen, Sarah L Krein, Tam Do, Robert D Kerns, Diana J Burgess
BACKGROUND: Rates of chronic pain are rising sharply in the United States and worldwide. Presently, there is evidence of racial disparities in pain treatment and treatment outcomes in the United States but few interventions designed to address these disparities. There is growing consensus that chronic musculoskeletal pain is best addressed by a biopsychosocial approach that acknowledges the role of psychological and environmental factors, some of which differ by race. METHODS/DESIGN: The primary aim of this randomized controlled trial is to test the effectiveness of a non-pharmacological, self-regulatory intervention, administered proactively by telephone, at improving pain outcomes and increasing walking among African American patients with hip, back and knee pain...
January 13, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074635/physician-step-prescription-and-monitoring-to-improve-arterial-health-smarter-a-randomized-controlled-trial-in-type-2-diabetes-and-hypertension
#7
Kaberi Dasgupta, Ellen Rosenberg, Lawrence Joseph, Alexandra B Cooke, Luc Trudeau, Simon L Bacon, Deborah Chan, Mark Sherman, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Stella S Daskalopoulou
AIMS: There are few strategies proven to enhance physical activity and cardiometabolic profiles in type 2 diabetes and hypertension. We examined the effects of physician-delivered step count prescriptions and monitoring. METHODS: Participants randomized to the active arm were provided with pedometers and recorded step counts. Over a 1-year period, their physicians reviewed their records and provided a written step count prescription at each clinic visit. The overall goal was a 3,000 step/day increase over 1-year (individualized rate of increase)...
January 11, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068968/lifestyle-behaviours-associated-with-5-year-weight-gain-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-australian-adults-aged-26-36-years-at-baseline
#8
Kylie J Smith, Seana L Gall, Sarah A McNaughton, Verity J Cleland, Petr Otahal, Terence Dwyer, Alison J Venn
BACKGROUND: Whether not meeting common guidelines for lifestyle behaviours is associated with weight gain is uncertain. This study examined whether 5-year weight gain was predicted by not meeting guidelines for: breakfast consumption (eating between 6 and 9 am), takeaway food consumption (<2 times/week), television viewing (<2 h/day) and daily steps (≥10,000 steps/day). METHODS: One thousand one hundred and fifty-five Australian participants (43% men, 26-36 years) completed questionnaires and wore a pedometer at baseline (2004-06) and follow-up (2009-11)...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062271/a-trial-of-financial-and-social-incentives-to-increase-older-adults-walking
#9
Kristin A Harkins, Jeffrey T Kullgren, Scarlett L Bellamy, Jason Karlawish, Karen Glanz
INTRODUCTION: Despite evidence that regular physical activity confers health benefits, physical activity rates among older adults remain low. Both personal and social goals may enhance older adults' motivation to become active. This study tested the effects of financial incentives, donations to charity, and the combined effects of both interventions on older adults' uptake and retention of increased levels of walking. STUDY DESIGN: RCT comparing three interventions to control...
January 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056933/study-protocol-for-movediabetes-a-trial-to-promote-physical-activity-for-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-in-primary-health-care-in-oman
#10
Thamra S Alghafri, Saud M Alharthi, Yahya M Al-Farsi, Angela M Craigie, Maureen Mcleod, Annie S Anderson
BACKGROUND: Benefits of physical activity in the management of diabetes are well documented. However, evidence on the effectiveness of interventions integrating physical activity in diabetes care is sparse especially in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council. The results from this study will increase our understanding of the use of multi-component interventions aimed at increasing physical activity levels in inactive adults with type 2 diabetes in primary health care in Oman. METHODS/DESIGN: The study is a one year 1:1 cluster randomized controlled trial of the MOVEdiabetes programme (intervention) versus usual care in eight primary health care centres in Oman...
January 6, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053520/psychometric-properties-of-the-physical-activity-scale-for-the-elderly-in-chinese-patients-with-copd
#11
Yan-Xia Tao, Lan Wang, Xiao-Yan Dong, Hong Zheng, Ya-Shu Zheng, Xing-Yue Tang, Yue Zhao, Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: For patients with COPD, physical activity (PA) is recommended as the core component of pulmonary rehabilitation, but there is lack of a validated questionnaire for assessing the PA effectively. AIM: To evaluate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE-C) in patients with COPD. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 167 outpatients aged 60 years or older with COPD...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045890/effect-of-a-primary-care-walking-intervention-with-and-without-nurse-support-on-physical-activity-levels-in-45-to-75-year-olds-the-pedometer-and-consultation-evaluation-pace-up-cluster-randomised-clinical-trial
#12
Tess Harris, Sally M Kerry, Elizabeth S Limb, Christina R Victor, Steve Iliffe, Michael Ussher, Peter H Whincup, Ulf Ekelund, Julia Fox-Rushby, Cheryl Furness, Nana Anokye, Judith Ibison, Steve DeWilde, Lee David, Emma Howard, Rebecca Dale, Jaime Smith, Derek G Cook
BACKGROUND: Pedometers can increase walking and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) levels, but their effectiveness with or without support has not been rigorously evaluated. We assessed the effectiveness of a pedometer-based walking intervention in predominantly inactive adults, delivered by post or through primary care nurse-supported physical activity (PA) consultations. METHODS AND FINDINGS: A parallel three-arm cluster randomised trial was randomised by household, with 12-mo follow-up, in seven London, United Kingdom, primary care practices...
January 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005190/step-counting-a-review-of-measurement-considerations-and-health-related-applications
#13
REVIEW
David R Bassett, Lindsay P Toth, Samuel R LaMunion, Scott E Crouter
Step counting has long been used as a method of measuring distance. Starting in the mid-1900s, researchers became interested in using steps per day to quantify ambulatory physical activity. This line of research gained momentum after 1995, with the introduction of reasonably accurate spring-levered pedometers with digital displays. Since 2010, the use of accelerometer-based "activity trackers" by private citizens has skyrocketed. Steps have several advantages as a metric for assessing physical activity: they are intuitive, easy to measure, objective, and they represent a fundamental unit of human ambulatory activity...
December 22, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004902/effectiveness-of-step-into-health-program-sih-in-qatar-a-pedometer-based-longitudinal-study
#14
Mohamed G Al-Kuwari, Abdulla S Al-Mohannadi, Suzan Sayegh
BACKGROUND: This study examines the impact of a one-year pedometer-based intervention on increasing the physical activity level among adult population in Qatar. METHODS: This longitudinal study was conducted over a one-year period and included a total of 268 adults aged between 18-64 years old. Data were extracted and used from the "Step into Health" (SIH) program, a community-based program launched in 2012, as an approach to improve physical activity in Qatar. Walking intervention encouraged members of SIH to accumulate 10,000 steps or more per day and monitor their progress through a pedometer supported by a self-monitoring online account and a reinforcement system...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004473/a-qualitative-exploration-of-participants-experiences-of-taking-part-in-a-walking-programme-perceived-benefits-barriers-choices-and-use-of-intervention-resources
#15
Fiona Mitchell, Kirsten Stalker, Lynsay Matthews, Nanette Mutrie, Chris Melling, Alex McConnachie, Heather Murray, Craig A Melville
BACKGROUND: Adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) experience significant inequalities and tend to be more sedentary and less physically active than the wider population. Walking programmes are an effective way to increase physical activity (PA) but have not been used in studies involving adults with intellectual disabilities. METHOD: Nineteen adults with intellectual disabilities participated in semistructured interviews or focus groups exploring their experiences of taking part in a walking programme (Walk Well)...
December 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997271/improvement-in-physical-activity-in-persons-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-treated-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#16
Raymonde E Jean, Manideep Duttuluri, Charlisa D Gibson, Sadaf Mir, Katherine Fuhrmann, Edward Eden, Azhar Supariwala
BACKGROUND: Exercise improves sleep quality, yet people with untreated obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may engage in less physical activity (PA) due to fatigue and daytime sleepiness. We examined changes in PA and sleep quality before and after treatment with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in OSA patients. METHODS: In this prospective longitudinal study, persons with a primary diagnosis of OSA were enrolled at a community-based hospital in New York City...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993181/impact-of-cow-strain-and-concentrate-supplementation-on-grazing-behaviour-milk-yield-and-metabolic-state-of-dairy-cows-in-an-organic-pasture-based-feeding-system
#17
C Heublein, F Dohme-Meier, K-H Südekum, R M Bruckmaier, S Thanner, F Schori
As ruminants are able to digest fibre efficiently and assuming that competition for feed v. food use would intensify in the future, cereals and other field crops should primarily be destined to cover the dietary needs of humans and monogastric animals such as poultry and pigs. Farming systems with a reduced or absent concentrate supplementation, as postulated by organic agriculture associations, require adapted dairy cows. The aim of this experiment was to examine the impact of concentrate supplementation on milk production, grazing and rumination behaviour, feed intake, physical activity and blood traits with two Holstein-Friesian cow strains and to conclude the consequences for sustainable and organic farming...
December 20, 2016: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973919/effectiveness-of-technology-based-distance-physical-rehabilitation-interventions-on-physical-activity-and-walking-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
Aki Rintala, Sanna Hakala, Jaana Paltamaa, Ari Heinonen, Juha Karvanen, Tuulikki Sjögren
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of technology-based distance physical rehabilitation interventions in multiple sclerosis (MS) on physical activity and walking. DATA SOURCES: A systematic literature search was conducted in seven databases from January 2000 to September 2016. Randomized controlled trials of technology-based distance physical rehabilitation interventions on physical activity and walking outcome measures were included. METHODS: Methodological quality of the studies was determined and a meta-analysis was performed...
December 15, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968881/a-smartphone-based-exercise-adherence-intervention-for-people-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-feasibility-pilot-study
#19
Janet Wh Sit, Sek-Ying Chair, Stanley Sc Hui, Kai-Chow Choi, Aileen Wk Chan, Eliza Ml Wong, Ho-Yu Cheng
BACKGROUND: Despite well-established benefits of exercise in the management of metabolic syndrome, evidence to support exercise adherence after program completion is lacking. We used a smartphone-based exercise adherence intervention (Virtual Trainer; Ex-VT) for adults with metabolic syndrome in Hong Kong, China. The objectives were to measure the feasibility, potential effectiveness, and implementation of Ex-VT in sustaining prescribed exercise practice for risk reduction in metabolic syndrome...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965869/feasibility-and-acceptance-of-exercise-recommendations-10-000-steps-a-day-within-routine-german-health-check-check-up-35-go%C3%A3-29-study-protocol
#20
Christine Graf, Stefanie Schlepper, Carina Bauer, Nina Ferrari, Stefan Frank, Lena Gartner, Svenja Gehring, Rudolf Henke, Walter Lehmacher, Hans-Michael Steffen, Sabine Schindler-Marlow, Katharina Sternal
BACKGROUND: Benefits of exercise to prevent non-communicable diseases are well-documented. Limited data exists to promote physical activity in healthy but sedentary and/or overweight people. Brief interventions within routine German health checks may be an effective way to reach these patients. METHODS/DESIGN: The quasi-experimental, multi-center prospective feasibility study is designed for general practices in Cologne (intervention group) and Düsseldorf (control group), up to 20 per region...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
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