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Physical therapy geriatrics

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29630004/characteristics-of-older-adults-who-are-unable-to-perform-a-floor-transfer-considerations-for-clinical-decision-making
#1
Gunay Ardali, Rebecca A States, Lori T Brody, Ellen M Godwin
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The ability to get down and up from the floor or to perform a floor transfer (FT) is a vital and useful skill for older adults at risk of falling. Little is known about the health-related factors that separate older adults who can perform FT independently from those who cannot. Therefore, the specific aims of this cross-sectional study are to (1) describe and compare health-related factors among older adults who were independent, assisted, or dependent in FT performance; and (2) establish the parallel reliability between self-reported and actual performance of FT...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573968/systematic-review-of-care-needs-for-older-patients-treated-with-anticancer-drugs
#2
Olivia Le Saux, Sandrine Lapotre-Aurelle, Sophie Watelet, Elisabeth Castel-Kremer, Clémence Lecardonnel, Florence Murard-Reeman, Christine Ravot, Claire Falandry
OBJECTIVE: When treated with anticancer therapies, a number of issues are raised for older patients such as physical needs (coping with symptoms and side-effects) or psychological needs. Geriatric tailored interventions addressing these needs may be effective in terms of improving quality of life of our patients. METHODS: A systematic review was performed in September 2017 in MEDLINE. All reports assessing older patients with cancer care needs in the context of anticancer systemic therapy were reviewed...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530493/neurocognitive-deficits-in-older-patients-with-cancer
#3
Beatrice J Edwards, Xiaotao Zhang, Ming Sun, Holly M Holmes, Leena Ketonen, Nandita Guha, Peter Khalil, Juhee Song, Shelli Kesler, Jay B Shah, Debasish Tripathy, Vicente Valero, Richard E Champlin
OBJECTIVE: To assess cognitive function in older adults undergoing cancer care. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, in the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, in older adults undergoing cancer care. Comprehensive geriatric assessments were conducted prior to surgery, chemotherapy or allogeneic stem cell transplantation, at the Program for Healthy Aging from January 1, 2013 through March 31, 2015. Cognitive assessment was conducted through personal and family interview, and the Montreal cognitive assessment (MoCA)...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530289/-humour-therapy-laughter-and-the-intervention-of-clowns-in-gerontology
#4
REVIEW
Anne Lelièvre, Stéphane Gérard, Sophie Hermabessière, Monique Martinez, Bruno Péran, Yves Rolland
Confronted with the growing incidence of age-related pathologies and the limits of so-called traditional medicine oriented towards the prescribing of medicines, non-pharmacological approaches have grown considerably in the geriatric community. A literature review focused on the therapeutic benefit of humour, laughter and the use of clowns on the physical and psychological health of elderly people.
March 2018: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527468/primary-care-providers-discussion-of-fall-prevention-approaches-with-their-older-adult-patients-docstyles-2014
#5
Elizabeth R Burns, Yara K Haddad, Erin M Parker
Falls are the leading cause of fatal and non-fatal injuries among older adults. The American and British Geriatric Societies recommend a fall risk assessment to identify risk factors and guide interventions to prevent these falls. This study describes the self-reported discussion of fall prevention approaches used by primary care providers (PCPs)-family practitioners, internists and nurse practitioners-who treat older adults. Results are described overall and by PCP type. We analyzed a sample of 1210 U.S. PCPs who participated in the 2014 DocStyles survey...
March 2018: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29498466/effectiveness-of-preoperative-physical-therapy-for-older-patients-with-hip-fracture
#6
Akira Sawaguchi, Ryo Momosaki, Kiyotaka Hasebe, Masayuki Chono, Seiji Kasuga, Masahiro Abo
AIM: To clarify the effectiveness of preoperative physical therapy for older patients after hip fracture in an acute care hospital. METHODS: In the present retrospective observational study, data from the Japan Rehabilitation Database were analyzed for patients admitted to an acute care hospital with hip fracture between 2005 and 2015. In this study, all eligible patients received surgery within 10 days of admission. Propensity score analysis was used to compare outcomes between patients who underwent preoperative rehabilitation and those who did not...
March 2, 2018: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494321/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update
#7
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients who present with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494316/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update-executive-summary
#8
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients presenting with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492945/management-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-in-older-patients-how-is-it-different
#9
REVIEW
Shlomit Strulov Shachar, Trevor A Jolly, Ellen Jones, Hyman B Muss
Triple-negative breast cancer, which affects about 10% of older women with breast cancer, represents a major treatment challenge in this population. Treatment decisions for these patients can best be made based on geriatric assessment, estimated life expectancy, whether the treatment goal is prolonged survival or palliation, the potential benefits and toxicities of a specific treatment, and the patient's personal goals for treatment. Treatment outcomes for healthy older and younger women are similar, but great challenges exist in managing the vulnerable and frail patient...
February 15, 2018: Oncology (Williston Park, NY)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479912/undergraduate-students-knowledge-on-temporomandibular-disorders-in-croatia
#10
Tomislav Badel, Ivona Bago Jurič, Vesna Fugošić, Ivan Zajc, Andreja Carek, Dijana Zadravec
The aim of this study was to evaluate Croatian undergraduate students' knowledge based on what they learned in the recent course, as well as the students' own judgment and opinions about geriatric dentistry education concerning temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) of the elderly. The study was carried out by means of a questionnaire administered in the last study year to students of the School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb and students of the Department of Dental Medicine at the School of Medicine, University of Rijeka...
September 2017: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471574/-type-2-diabetes-diabetes-in-older-adults-example-for-patient-centered-drug-therapy
#11
Dirk Müller-Wieland
Diabetes in older adults has a high prevalence and is frequently associated with comorbidities of the cardiovascular system, dysfunction of cognition as well as depression and impaired mobility or increased frailty. Furthermore, impaired renal function, heart failure, risk for hypoglycemia and polypharmacy has to be considered in the decision about the diabetes treatment strategy. The goal of blood glucose management is driven by patient relevant issues and patient self-esteem, quality of life defined by the patient, preservation of physical and social mobility rather than potential long-term effects on reduction of cardio- and microvascular events in the future, which is limited by patient-inherent reduced life expectancy of the aged individual...
February 2018: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466848/factors-associated-with-treatment-interruption-in-elderly-patients-with-cancer
#12
Hye Sung Won, Der Sheng Sun, Ji Young Choi, Ho Jung An, Yoon Ho Ko
Background/Aims: This study was conducted to identify risk factors that predict vulnerability to cancer therapy on the basis of the clinical, geriatric, and quality of life assessment before starting treatment in elderly patients. Methods: Seventy-five patients aged 65 years and over with newly diagnosed stage IV solid cancer receiving chemotherapy were analyzed. Clinical and laboratory data were collected. The geriatric assessment was performed using the Korean versions of the Modified Barthel Index, Instrumental Activities of Daily Living, Mini-Mental State Examination, and Geriatric Depression Scale...
February 23, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461340/attitudes-about-cognitive-screening-a-survey-of-home-care-physical-therapists
#13
Jean D Miles, William H Staples, Daniel J Lee
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Home care physical therapists (PTs) are inconsistent regarding cognitive screening, possibly because screening tools were traditionally considered the domain of other home care disciplines, or because therapists perceive their dementia training to be inadequate. A cross sectional study was designed to survey home care therapists' attitudes and beliefs about the management of persons with dementia and to find out whether any specific cognitive tools or measures are currently used...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423259/comprehensive-geriatric-assessment-pilot-of-a-randomized-control-study-in-a-swedish-acute-hospital-a-feasibility-study
#14
Theresa Westgård, Isabelle Ottenvall Hammar, Eva Holmgren, Anna Ehrenberg, Aase Wisten, Anne W Ekdahl, Synneve Dahlin-Ivanoff, Katarina Wilhelmson
Background: Comprehensive geriatric assessment (CGA) represent an important component of geriatric acute hospital care for frail older people, secured by a multidisciplinary team who addresses the multiple needs of physical health, functional ability, psychological state, cognition and social status. The primary objective of the pilot study was to determine feasibility for recruitment and retention rates. Secondary objectives were to establish proof of principle that CGA has the potential to increase patient safety...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411194/sarcopenia
#15
REVIEW
Karsten Keller
Sarcopenia is a very common, but frequently overlooked and undertreated geriatric syndrome comprising pronounced muscle mass and strength/performance loss. Estimated prevalence is between 5 and 40% in the general population, accompanied by an exponential incline with increasing age. Sarcopenia is connected to atrophy and loss of muscle fibers and motor units, affecting primarily the fast-twitch muscle fibers und their motor units. Fast-twitch muscle fibers seem to be more prone to failure of function and loss over time...
February 6, 2018: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29372339/mind-body-therapies-for-late-life-mental-and-cognitive-health
#16
REVIEW
Kelsey T Laird, Pattharee Paholpak, Michael Roman, Berna Rahi, Helen Lavretsky
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: A growing body of research supports the use of mind-body therapies (MBTs) as minimally invasive and effective approaches for the management of late-life mood and cognitive disorders. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent randomized controlled trials and meta-analyses indicate that MBTs are effective for enhancing well-being, mood, sleep, and cognition in older adults. Evidence suggests that mindful movement (e.g., yoga, tai chi, walking meditation) may even outperform conventional physical exercise with regard to effects on quality of life, mood, and cognitive functioning...
January 25, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29362297/-the-risk-factors-of-cancer-chemotherapy-in-elderly-patients
#17
Eriko Nozaki, Satoko Maeno, Fumio Nagashima, Naohiro Okano, Kirio Kawai, Takaaki Kobayashi, Yoshiya Yamauchi, Junji Furuse
The aging rate in Japan is the highest in the world, and it is entering a very aging society that has never happened before. The first cause of death is a malignant neoplasm, and opportunities of the treatment for elderly cancer patients are rapidly increasing. The elderly have increased chronic diseases and complications with aging, and the adverse event in medication therapy also increases. Also, the form of medical provision is diversified, home medical care and nursing care are recommended. Therefore, it is important to appreciate the various aspects including psychophysiological, living, social aspects in addition to changes in physical function caused by aging and appropriately evaluate them, for selecting treatment methods in elderly cancer patients...
January 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337017/management-of-diabetes-in-older-adults
#18
G Sesti, R Antonelli Incalzi, E Bonora, A Consoli, A Giaccari, S Maggi, G Paolisso, F Purrello, G Vendemiale, N Ferrara
Type 2 diabetes prevalence is high in older adults and is expected to rise in the next decades. Diabetes in the population of frail older adults is accompanied by functional disability, several comorbidities, and premature mortality. A comprehensive geriatric assessment, including functional, cognitive, mental and social status, is advisable for identifying the glycemic targets and glucose-lowering therapies, focused on patient preferences, needs, and risks. The therapeutic options for older adults with diabetes are like those for the adult population...
March 2018: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331536/chronic-inflammation-and-sarcopenia-a-regenerative-cell-therapy-perspective
#19
Jagadish K Chhetri, Philipe de Souto Barreto, Bertrand Fougère, Yves Rolland, Bruno Vellas, Matteo Cesari
Sarcopenia is characterized by reduced skeletal muscle mass and strength in older individuals. It is one of the leading cause of physical limitation in older adults, and associated with wide spectrum of adverse events including disability and mortality. The phenomenon of chronic-inflammation or inflamm-aging with aging is known to be a major contributor to myriad of geriatric conditions including sarcopenia. Recent advances in regenerative medicine, in particular cell therapy have opened up new possibilities to ameliorate broad range of inflammatory disorders...
March 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303814/the-academy-of-geriatric-physical-therapy-csm-2018-research-special-interest-poster-abstracts
#20
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
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