keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

RNP

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206738/defective-rnps-mistakes-in-rna-processing-and-diseases
#1
Mia K Mihailovic, Angela Chen, Juan C Gonzalez-Rivera, Lydia M Contreras
Ribonucleoproteins (RNPs) are vital to many cellular events. To this end, many neurodegenerative diseases and cancers have been linked to RNP malfunction, particularly as this relates to defective processing of cellular RNA. The connection of RNPs and diseases has also propagated a shift of focus onto RNA-targeting from traditional protein-targeting treatments. However, therapeutic development in this area has been limited by incomplete molecular insight of the specific contributions of RNPs to disease. This review outlines the role of several RNPs in diseases, focusing on molecular defects in processes that affect proper RNA handling in the cell...
February 16, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202765/the-lateral-organization-of-influenza-virus-proteins-in-the-budozone-region-of-the-plasma-membrane
#2
George P Leser, Robert A Lamb
Influenza virus assembles and buds at the plasma membrane of virus-infected cells. The viral proteins assemble at the same site on the plasma membrane for budding to occur. This involves a complex web of interactions among viral proteins. Some, like HA, NA, and M2 are integral membrane proteins. M1 is peripherally membrane associated, whereas NP associates with the viral RNA to form an RNP complex that associates with the cytoplasmic face of the plasma membrane. Furthermore, HA and NP have been shown to be concentrated in cholesterol-rich membrane raft domains whereas M2, although containing a cholesterol binding motif, is not raft associated...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199839/the-survival-of-motor-neuron-protein-acts-as-a-molecular-chaperone-for-mrnp-assembly
#3
Paul G Donlin-Asp, Claudia Fallini, Jazmin Campos, Ching-Chieh Chou, Megan E Merritt, Han C Phan, Gary J Bassell, Wilfried Rossoll
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a motor neuron disease caused by reduced levels of the survival of motor neuron (SMN) protein. SMN is part of a multiprotein complex that facilitates the assembly of spliceosomal small nuclear ribonucleoproteins (snRNPs). SMN has also been found to associate with mRNA-binding proteins, but the nature of this association was unknown. Here, we have employed a combination of biochemical and advanced imaging methods to demonstrate that SMN promotes the molecular interaction between IMP1 protein and the 3' UTR zipcode region of β-actin mRNA, leading to assembly of messenger ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) complexes that associate with the cytoskeleton to facilitate trafficking...
February 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191903/efficient-genome-editing-in-the-mouse-brain-by-local-delivery-of-engineered-cas9-ribonucleoprotein-complexes
#4
Brett T Staahl, Madhurima Benekareddy, Claire Coulon-Bainier, Ashwin A Banfal, Stephen N Floor, Jennifer K Sabo, Cole Urnes, Gabriela Acevedo Munares, Anirvan Ghosh, Jennifer A Doudna
We demonstrate editing of post-mitotic neurons in the adult mouse brain following injection of Cas9 ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes in the hippocampus, striatum and cortex. Engineered variants of Cas9 with multiple SV40 nuclear localization sequences enabled a tenfold increase in the efficiency of neuronal editing in vivo. These advances indicate the potential of genome editing in the brain to correct or inactivate the underlying genetic causes of neurological diseases.
February 13, 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167287/poly-sgrna-sirna-ribonucleoprotein-nanoparticles-for-targeted-gene-disruption
#5
Jong Seong Ha, Jae Sung Lee, Jaepil Jeong, Hejin Kim, Juyoung Byun, Sang Ah Kim, Hee Jae Lee, Hak Suk Chung, Jong Bum Lee, Dae-Ro Ahn
Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)-associated protein-9 nuclease (Cas9) can be used for the specific disruption of a target gene to permanently suppress the expression of the protein encoded by the target gene. Efficient delivery of the system to an intracellular target site should be achieved to utilize the tremendous potential of the genome-editing tool in biomedical applications such as the knock-out of disease-related genes and the correction of defect genes. Here, we devise polymeric CRISPR/Cas9 system based on poly-ribonucleoprotein (RNP) nanoparticles consisting of polymeric sgRNA, siRNA, and Cas9 endonuclease in order to improve the delivery efficiency...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141511/truncated-forms-of-the-pa-protein-containing-only-the-c-terminal-domains-are-associated-with-the-rnp-complex-within-h1n1-influenza-virus-particles
#6
Myint Myaing, Raihan Jumat, Tra Huong, Boon Huan Tan, Richard J Sugrue
We have examined the expression profile of the influenza virus PA protein in pH1N1/2009 virus-infected cells. Immunoblotting analysis of virus-infected MDCK cells revealed the presence of full-length PA protein from 8 hrs post-infection, together with the simultaneous appearance of PA protein species of approximately 50 kDa, 35/39 kDa and 20/25 kDa (collectively referred to as PA*). PA* was also detected in H1N1/WSN virus-infected cells indicating that its presence was not virus-specific, and PA* was also observed in virus-infected A549 and CEF cells indicating that its presence was not cell type-specific...
January 27, 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137457/transcription-and-replication-mechanisms-of-bunyaviridae-and-arenaviridae-l-proteins
#7
REVIEW
François Ferron, Friedemann Weber, Juan Carlos de la Torre, Juan Reguera
Bunyaviridae and Arenaviridae virus families include an important number of highly pathogenic viruses for humans. They are enveloped viruses with negative stranded RNA genomes divided into three (bunyaviruses) or two (arenaviruses) segments. Each genome segment is coated by the viral nucleoproteins (NPs) and the polymerase (L protein) to form a functional ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex. The viral RNP provides the necessary context on which the L protein carries out the biosynthetic processes of RNA replication and gene transcription...
January 27, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134563/zenit-ra-evaluation-a-solid-phase-chemiluminescence-immunoassay-for-detection-of-anti-cellular-antibodies
#8
Enrique Melguizo Madrid, Concepción González-Rodríguez, María de Gracia Ávila-García, Teresa Arrobas-Velilla, Patricia Fernández-Riejos
AIM: The objective was to compare Zenit RA chemiluminescent immunoassay (CLIA) from Menarini Diagnostics and ELISA from INOVA Diagnostics for the presence of specific anti-Ro/SS-A, anti-La/SS-B, anti-U1snRNP, anti-Sm, anti-Scl-70, anti-Jo-1 antibodies. Results/methodology: We studied 501 samples (178 connective autoimmune disease, 150 other autoimmune or inflammatory disease and 173 other disease or healthy). All samples were analyzed using CLIA and ELISA. The Kappa agreement was excellent for anti-SSA/Ro (0...
January 30, 2017: Bioanalysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129503/direct-cytosolic-delivery-of-crispr-cas9-ribonucleoprotein-for-efficient-gene-editing
#9
Rubul Mout, Moumita Ray, Gulen Yesilbag Tonga, Yi-Wei Lee, Tristan Tay, Kanae Sasaki, Vincent M Rotello
Genome editing through the delivery of CRISPR/Cas9-ribonucleoprotein (Cas9-RNP) reduces unwanted gene targeting and avoids integrational mutagenesis that can occur through gene delivery strategies. Direct and efficient delivery of Cas9-RNP into the cytosol followed by translocation to the nucleus remains a challenge. Here, we report a remarkably highly efficient (∼90%) direct cytoplasmic/nuclear delivery of Cas9 protein complexed with a guide RNA (sgRNA) through the coengineering of Cas9 protein and carrier nanoparticles...
January 31, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129118/crispr-cas9-induced-ctg%C3%A2-cag-n-repeat-instability-in-the-myotonic-dystrophy-type-1-locus-implications-for-therapeutic-genome-editing
#10
Ellen L van Agtmaal, Laurène M André, Marieke Willemse, Sarah A Cumming, Ingeborg D G van Kessel, Walther J A A van den Broek, Geneviève Gourdon, Denis Furling, Vincent Mouly, Darren G Monckton, Derick G Wansink, Bé Wieringa
Myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) is caused by (CTG⋅CAG)n-repeat expansion within the DMPK gene and thought to be mediated by a toxic RNA gain of function. Current attempts to develop therapy for this disease mainly aim at destroying or blocking abnormal properties of mutant DMPK (CUG)n RNA. Here, we explored a DNA-directed strategy and demonstrate that single clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats (CRISPR)/Cas9-cleavage in either its 5' or 3' unique flank promotes uncontrollable deletion of large segments from the expanded trinucleotide repeat, rather than formation of short indels usually seen after double-strand break repair...
January 4, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120375/a-combinatorial-scoring-function-for-protein-rna-docking
#11
Zhao Zhang, Lin Lu, Yue Zhang, Chun Hua Li, Cun Xin Wang, Xiao Yi Zhang, Jian Jun Tan
Protein-RNA docking is still an open question. One of the main challenges is to develop an effective scoring function that can discriminate near-native structures from the incorrect ones. To solve the problem, we have constructed a knowledge-based residue-nucleotide pairwise potential with secondary structure information considered for nonribosomal protein-RNA docking. Here we developed a weighted combined scoring function RpveScore that consists of the pairwise potential and six physics-based energy terms...
January 25, 2017: Proteins
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119097/aurantiamide-acetate-from-baphicacanthus-cusia-root-exhibits-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-viral-effects-via-inhibition-of-the-nf-%C3%AE%C2%BAb-signaling-pathway-in-influenza-a-virus-infected-cells
#12
Beixian Zhou, Zifeng Yang, Qitong Feng, Xiaoli Liang, Jing Li, Mark Zanin, Zhihong Jiang, Nanshan Zhong
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Baphicacanthus cusia root also names "Nan Ban Lan Gen" has been traditionally used to prevent and treat influenza A virus infections. Here, we identified a peptide derivative, aurantiamide acetate (compound E17), as an active compound in extracts of B. cusia root. Although studies have shown that aurantiamide acetate possesses antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, the effects and mechanism by which it functions as an anti-viral or as an anti-inflammatory during influenza virus infection are poorly defined...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117770/isolation-of-cognate-rna-protein-complexes-from-cells-using-oligonucleotide-directed-elution
#13
Gatikrushna Singh, Sarah M Fritz, Arnaz Ranji, Deepali Singh, Kathleen Boris-Lawrie
Ribonucleoprotein particles direct the biogenesis and post-transcriptional regulation of all mRNAs through distinct combinations of RNA binding proteins. They are composed of position-dependent, cis-acting RNA elements and unique combinations of RNA binding proteins. Defining the composition of a specific RNP is essential to achieving a fundamental understanding of gene regulation. The isolation of a select RNP is akin to finding a needle in a haystack. Here, we demonstrate an approach to isolate RNPs associated at the 5' untranslated region of a select mRNA in asynchronous, transfected cells...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115638/secis-binding-protein-2-interacts-with-the-smn-complex-and-the-methylosome-for-selenoprotein-mrnp-assembly-and-translation
#14
Anne-Sophie Gribling-Burrer, Michael Leichter, Laurence Wurth, Alexandra Huttin, Florence Schlotter, Nathalie Troffer-Charlier, Vincent Cura, Martine Barkats, Jean Cavarelli, Séverine Massenet, Christine Allmang
Selenoprotein synthesis requires the co-translational recoding of a UGASec codon. This process involves an RNA structural element, called Selenocysteine Insertion Sequence (SECIS) and the SECIS binding protein 2 (SBP2). Several selenoprotein mRNAs undergo unusual cap hypermethylation by the trimethylguanosine synthase 1 (Tgs1), which is recruited by the ubiquitous Survival of MotoNeurons (SMN) protein. SMN, the protein involved in spinal muscular atrophy, is part of a chaperone complex that collaborates with the methylosome for RNP assembly...
January 23, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115465/targeted-crispr-disruption-reveals-a-role-for-rnase-mrp-rna-in-human-preribosomal-rna-processing
#15
Katherine C Goldfarb, Thomas R Cech
MRP RNA is an abundant, essential noncoding RNA whose functions have been proposed in yeast but are incompletely understood in humans. Mutations in the genomic locus for MRP RNA cause pleiotropic human diseases, including cartilage hair hypoplasia (CHH). Here we applied CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing to disrupt the endogenous human MRP RNA locus, thereby attaining what has eluded RNAi and RNase H experiments: elimination of MRP RNA in the majority of cells. The resulting accumulation of ribosomal RNA (rRNA) precursor-analyzed by RNA fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), Northern blots, and RNA sequencing-implicates MRP RNA in pre-rRNA processing...
January 1, 2017: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115197/structural-insights-into-rna-synthesis-by-the-influenza-virus-transcription-replication-machine
#16
REVIEW
Alexander Pflug, Maria Lukarska, Patricia Resa-Infante, Stefan Reich, Stephen Cusack
Influenza virus is a segmented, negative strand RNA virus with each genome segment being packaged in a distinct ribonucleoprotein particle (RNP). The RNP consists of the heterotrimeric viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerase bound to the conserved 5' and 3' ends of the genome segment (the viral promoter) with the rest of the viral RNA (vRNA) being covered by multiple copies of nucleoprotein. This review focusses on the new insights that recent crystal structures have given into the detailed molecular mechanisms by which the polymerase performs both transcription and replication of the vRNA genome...
January 20, 2017: Virus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109960/rna-nanoparticle-based-targeted-therapy-for-glioblastoma-through-inhibition-of-oncogenic-mir-21
#17
Tae Jin Lee, Ji Young Yoo, Dan Shu, Hui Li, Jianying Zhang, Jun-Ge Yu, Alena Cristina Jaime-Ramirez, Mario Acunzo, Giulia Romano, Ri Cui, Hui-Lung Sun, Zhenghua Luo, Matthew Old, Balveen Kaur, Peixuan Guo, Carlo M Croce
Targeted inhibition of oncogenic miRNA-21 has been proposed to treat glioblastoma by rescuing tumor suppressors, PTEN and PDCD4. However, systemic delivery of anti-miR-21 sequences requires a robust and efficient delivery platform to successfully inhibit this druggable target. Three-way-junction (3WJ)-based RNA nanoparticles (RNP), artificially derived from pRNA of bacteriophage phi29 DNA packaging motor, was recently shown to target glioblastoma. Here, we report that multi-valent folate (FA)-conjugated 3WJ RNP constructed to harbor anti-miR-21 LNA sequences (FA-3WJ-LNA-miR21) specifically targeted and delivered anti-miR-21 LNA and knocked down miR-21 expression in glioblastoma cells in vitro and in vivo with favorable biodistribution...
January 18, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105914/homology-modeling-and-molecular-dynamics-provide-structural-insights-into-tospovirus-nucleoprotein
#18
Rayane Nunes Lima, Muhammad Faheem, João Alexandre Ribeiro Gonçalves Barbosa, Marcelo Depólo Polêto, Hugo Verli, Fernando Lucas Melo, Renato Oliveira Resende
BACKGROUND: Tospovirus is a plant-infecting genus within the family Bunyaviridae, which also includes four animal-infecting genera: Hantavirus, Nairovirus, Phlebovirus and Orthobunyavirus. Compared to these members, the structures of Tospovirus proteins still are poorly understood. Despite multiple studies have attempted to identify candidate N protein regions involved in RNA binding and protein multimerization for tospovirus using yeast two-hybrid systems (Y2HS) and site-directed mutagenesis, the tospovirus ribonucleocapsids (RNPs) remains largely uncharacterized at the molecular level and the lack of structural information prevents detailed insight into these interactions...
December 15, 2016: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098143/efficient-dna-free-genome-editing-of-bread-wheat-using-crispr-cas9-ribonucleoprotein-complexes
#19
Zhen Liang, Kunling Chen, Tingdong Li, Yi Zhang, Yanpeng Wang, Qian Zhao, Jinxing Liu, Huawei Zhang, Cuimin Liu, Yidong Ran, Caixia Gao
Substantial efforts are being made to optimize the CRISPR/Cas9 system for precision crop breeding. The avoidance of transgene integration and reduction of off-target mutations are the most important targets for optimization. Here, we describe an efficient genome editing method for bread wheat using CRISPR/Cas9 ribonucleoproteins (RNPs). Starting from RNP preparation, the whole protocol takes only seven to nine weeks, with four to five independent mutants produced from 100 immature wheat embryos. Deep sequencing reveals that the chance of off-target mutations in wheat cells is much lower in RNP mediated genome editing than in editing with CRISPR/Cas9 DNA...
January 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095296/diverse-role-of-survival-motor-neuron-protein
#20
REVIEW
Ravindra N Singh, Matthew D Howell, Eric W Ottesen, Natalia N Singh
The multifunctional Survival Motor Neuron (SMN) protein is required for the survival of all organisms of the animal kingdom. SMN impacts various aspects of RNA metabolism through the formation and/or interaction with ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complexes. SMN regulates biogenesis of small nuclear RNPs, small nucleolar RNPs, small Cajal body-associated RNPs, signal recognition particles and telomerase. SMN also plays an important role in DNA repair, transcription, pre-mRNA splicing, histone mRNA processing, translation, selenoprotein synthesis, macromolecular trafficking, stress granule formation, cell signaling and cytoskeleton maintenance...
January 15, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
keyword
keyword
25917
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"