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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422904/a-comparison-of-prognosis-calculators-for-geriatric-trauma-a-p-a-l-li-a-t-e-consortium-study
#1
Tarik D Madni, Akpofure Peter Ekeh, Scott C Brakenridge, Karen J Brasel, Bellal Joseph, Kenji Inaba, Brandon R Bruns, Jeffrey D Kerby, Joseph Cuschieri, M Jane Mohler, Paul A Nakonezny, Audra Clark, Jonathan Imran, Steven E Wolf, M Elizabeth Paulk, Ramona L Rhodes, Herb A Phelan
BACKGROUND: The nine-center PALLIATE consortium has validated the Geriatric Trauma Outcome Score (GTOS) as a prognosis calculator for injured elders. We compared GTOS' performance to that of the Trauma Injury Severity Score (TRISS) in a multicenter sample. METHODS: Three PALLIATE centers not submitting subjects to the GTOS validation study identified subjects aged 65 to 102 yrs admitted from 2000-2013. GTOS was specified using the formula [GTOS = age + (ISS x 2...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360930/performance-of-new-adjustments-to-the-triss-equation-model-in-developed-and-developing-countries
#2
Cristiane de Alencar Domingues, Raul Coimbra, Renato Sérgio Poggetti, Lilia de Souza Nogueira, Regina Marcia Cardoso Sousa
BACKGROUND: The Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) has been criticized for being based on data from the USA and Canada-high-income countries-and therefore, it may not be applicable to low-income and middle-income countries. The present study evaluated the accuracy of three adjustments to the TRISS equation model (NTRISS-like; TRISS SpO2; NTRISS-like SpO2) in a high-income and a middle-income country to compare their performance when derived and applied to different groups. METHODS: This was a retrospective study of trauma patients admitted to two institutions: a university medical center in São Paulo, Brazil (a middle-income country), and a level 1 university trauma center in San Diego, USA (a high-income country)...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258762/patient-outcomes-at-urban-and-suburban-level-i-versus-level-ii-trauma-centers
#3
Amy H Kaji, Nichole Bosson, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Aaron J Dawes, Brant Putnam, Tchaka Shepherd, Roger J Lewis
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Regionalized systems of trauma care and level verification are promulgated by the American College of Surgeons. Whether patient outcomes differ between the 2 highest verifications, Levels I and II, is unknown. In contrast to Level II centers, Level I centers are required to care for a minimum number of severely injured patients, have immediate availability of subspecialty services and equipment, and demonstrate research, substance abuse screening, and injury prevention...
February 23, 2017: Annals of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229175/survival-prediction-of-trauma-patients-a-study-on-us-national-trauma-data-bank
#4
I Sefrioui, R Amadini, J Mauro, A El Fallahi, M Gabbrielli
BACKGROUND: Exceptional circumstances like major incidents or natural disasters may cause a huge number of victims that might not be immediately and simultaneously saved. In these cases it is important to define priorities avoiding to waste time and resources for not savable victims. Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) methodology is the well-known and standard system usually used by practitioners to predict the survival probability of trauma patients. However, practitioners have noted that the accuracy of TRISS predictions is unacceptable especially for severely injured patients...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222915/comparison-of-modified-kampala-trauma-score-with-trauma-mortality-prediction-model-and-trauma-injury-severity-score-a-national-trauma-data-bank-study
#5
Serhat Akay, Ahmet Mucteba Ozturk, Huriye Akay
BACKGROUND: Mortality prediction of trauma patients relies on anatomical, physiological or combined scores. The purpose of this study is to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the modified Kampala Trauma Score (M-KTS) with the Trauma Mortality Prediction Model (TMPM), and Trauma-Injury Severity Score (TRISS) using data from a large dataset from a developed registry, the National Trauma Data Bank (NTDB). METHODS: Using 2011 and 2012 data from NTDB, patient based trauma scores (M-KTS, TMPM, and TRISS) were calculated and predictive ability of M-KTS for mortality was compared with other trauma scores using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curves...
February 16, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129260/long-term-outcomes-of-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-a-single-institution-s-11-year-experience
#6
Megan Brenner, William Teeter, Muhammed Hadud, Melanie Hoehn, James O'Connor, Deborah Stein, Thomas Scalea
BACKGROUND: Thoracic endovascular aortic repair (TEVAR) has largely replaced traditional open aortic repair for anatomically suitable lesions, however, long-term outcomes are unknown. METHODS: All patients who underwent TEVAR from December 2004 to October 2015 at a single tertiary care institution were included. Demographics, injury pattern, operative details, outcomes, and surveillance were reviewed. Follow-up ranged from 2 to 132 months and was obtained from clinic notes and imaging reports...
April 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074459/comparison-of-revised-trauma-score-injury-severity-score-and-trauma-and-injury-severity-score-for-mortality-prediction-in-elderly-trauma-patients
#7
Shahrokh Yousefzadeh-Chabok, Marieh Hosseinpour, Leila Kouchakinejad-Eramsadati, Fatemeh Ranjbar, Reza Malekpouri, Alireza Razzaghi, Zahra Mohtasham-Amiri
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the fifth leading cause of death in patients 65 years and older. This study is a comparison of results of Revised Trauma Score (RTS), Injury Severity Score (ISS), and Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) in prediction of mortality in cases of geriatric trauma. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of records of 352 elderly trauma patients who were admitted to Pour-Sina Hospital in Rasht between 2010 and 2011. Injury scoring systems were compared in terms of specificity, sensitivity, and cut-off points using receiver operating characteristic curve of patient prognosis...
November 2016: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011072/mortality-prediction-models-in-the-general-trauma-population-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Leonie de Munter, Suzanne Polinder, Koen W W Lansink, Maryse C Cnossen, Ewout W Steyerberg, Mariska A C de Jongh
BACKGROUND: Trauma is the leading cause of death in individuals younger than 40 years. There are many different models for predicting patient outcome following trauma. To our knowledge, no comprehensive review has been performed on prognostic models for the general trauma population. Therefore, this review aimed to describe (1) existing mortality prediction models for the general trauma population, (2) the methodological quality and (3) which variables are most relevant for the model prediction of mortality in the general trauma population...
February 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999959/validation-of-trauma-scales-iss-niss-rts-and-triss-for-predicting-mortality-in-a-colombian-population
#9
Carlos Oliver Valderrama-Molina, Nelson Giraldo, Alfredo Constain, Andres Puerta, Camilo Restrepo, Alba León, Fabián Jaimes
BACKGROUND: Our purpose was to validate the performance of the ISS, NISS, RTS and TRISS scales as predictors of mortality in a population of trauma patients in a Latin American setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects older than 15 years with diagnosis of trauma, lesions in two or more body areas according to the AIS and whose initial attention was at the hospital in the first 24 h were included. The main outcome was inpatient mortality. Secondary outcomes were admission to the intensive care unit, requirement of mechanical ventilation and length of stay...
February 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910086/higher-vs-lower-haemoglobin-threshold-for-transfusion-in-septic-shock-subgroup-analyses-of-the-triss-trial
#10
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
S L Rygård, L B Holst, J Wetterslev, P I Johansson, A Perner
BACKGROUND: Using a restrictive transfusion strategy appears to be safe in sepsis, but there may be subgroups of patients who benefit from transfusion at a higher haemoglobin level. We explored if subgroups of patients with septic shock and anaemia had better outcome when transfused at a higher vs. a lower haemoglobin threshold. METHODS: In post-hoc analyses of the full trial population of 998 patients from the Transfusion Requirements in Septic Shock (TRISS) trial, we investigated the intervention effect on 90-day mortality in patients with severe comorbidity (chronic lung disease, haematological malignancy or metastatic cancer), in patients who had undergone surgery (elective or acute) and in patients with septic shock as defined by the new consensus definition: lactate above 2 mmol/l and the need for vasopressors to maintain a mean arterial pressure above 65 mmHg...
February 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888344/impact-of-urgent-resuscitative-surgery-for-life-threatening-torso-trauma
#11
Hisashi Matsumoto, Yoshiaki Hara, Takanori Yagi, Nobuyuki Saito, Kazuki Mashiko, Hiroaki Iida, Tomokazu Motomura, Fumihiko Nakayama, Kazuhiro Okada, Hiroshi Yasumatsu, Taigo Sakamoto, Takao Seo, Yusuke Konda, You Hattori, Hiroyuki Yokota
PURPOSE: This study investigated the advantages of performing urgent resuscitative surgery (URS) in the emergency department (ED); namely, our URS policy, to avoid a delay in hemorrhage control for patients with severe torso trauma and unstable vital signs. METHODS: We divided 264 eligible cases into a URS group (n = 97) and a non-URS group (n = 167) to compare, retrospectively, the observed survival rate with the predicted survival using the Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS)...
November 25, 2016: Surgery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27815954/development-of-a-middle-age-and-geriatric-trauma-mortality-risk-score-a-tool-to-guide-palliative-care-consultations
#12
Sanjit R Konda, Rachel Seymour, Arthur Manoli, Jordan Gales, Madhav A Karunakar
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to develop a tool to quantify risk of inpatient mortality among geriatric and middleaged trauma patients. This study sought to demonstrate the ability of the novel risk score in the early identification of high risk trauma patients for resource-sparing interventions, including referral to palliative medicine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This retrospective cohort study utilized data from a single level 1 trauma center. Regression analysis was used to create a novel risk of inpatient mortality score...
November 2016: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686345/long-term-outcomes-in-patients-with-septic-shock-transfused-at-a-lower-versus-a-higher-haemoglobin-threshold-the-triss-randomised-multicentre-clinical-trial
#13
Sofie L Rygård, Lars B Holst, Jørn Wetterslev, Per Winkel, Pär I Johansson, Jan Wernerman, Anne B Guttormsen, Sari Karlsson, Anders Perner
PURPOSE: We assessed the predefined long-term outcomes in patients randomised in the Transfusion Requirements in Septic Shock (TRISS) trial. METHODS: In 32 Scandinavian ICUs, we randomised 1005 patients with septic shock and haemoglobin of 9 g/dl or less to receive single units of leuko-reduced red cells when haemoglobin level was 7 g/dl or less (lower threshold) or 9 g/dl or less (higher threshold) during ICU stay. We assessed mortality rates 1 year after randomisation and again in all patients at time of longest follow-up in the intention-to-treat population (n = 998) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) 1 year after randomisation in the Danish patients only (n = 777)...
November 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667119/validation-of-international-trauma-scoring-systems-in-urban-trauma-centres-in-india
#14
Nobhojit Roy, Martin Gerdin, Eric Schneider, Deepa K Kizhakke Veetil, Monty Khajanchi, Vineet Kumar, Makhal Lal Saha, Satish Dharap, Amit Gupta, Göran Tomson, Johan von Schreeb
INTRODUCTION: In the Lower-Middle Income Country setting, we validate trauma severity scoring systems, namely Injury Severity Score (ISS), New Injury Severity Scale (NISS) score, the Kampala Trauma Score (KTS), Revised Trauma Score (RTS) score and the TRauma Injury Severity Score (TRISS) using Indian trauma patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1 September 2013 to 28 February 2015, we conducted a prospective multi-centre observational cohort study of trauma patients in four Indian university hospitals, in three megacities, Kolkata, Mumbai and Delhi...
November 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658944/the-impact-of-measurement-of-respiratory-quotient-by-indirect-calorimetry-on-the-achievement-of-nitrogen-balance-in-patients-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#15
J Maxwell, C Gwardschaladse, G Lombardo, P Petrone, A Policastro, D Karev, K Prabhakaran, A Betancourt, C P Marini
BACKGROUND: This study evaluated the impact of IC on the optimization of nutritional support and the achievement of +NB in patients with TBI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 27 patients (GCS ≤ 8), treated with a 5-day multimodality monitoring and goal-directed therapy protocol, received enteral nutrition on day 1 followed by IC on days 3 and 5 and assessment of NB on day 7. In the first cohort (n = 11), no adjustment in kcal was made. In the second cohort (n = 16), nutrition was targeted to an RQ of 0...
September 22, 2016: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550497/reduced-mortality-by-physician-staffed-hems-dispatch-for-adult-blunt-trauma-patients-in-korea
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kyoungwon Jung, Yo Huh, John Cj Lee, Younghwan Kim, Jonghwan Moon, Seok Hwa Youn, Jiyoung Kim, Tea Youn Kim, Juryang Kim, Hyoju Kim
The aim of this study was to investigate the efficiency of domestic physician-staffed helicopter emergency medical service (HEMS) for the transport of patients with severe trauma to a hospital. The study included patients with blunt trauma who were transported to our hospital by physician-staffed HEMS (Group P; n = 100) or nonphysician-staffed HEMS (Group NP; n = 80). Basic patient characteristics, transport time, treatment procedures, and medical treatment outcomes assessed using the Trauma and Injury Severity Score (TRISS) were compared between groups...
October 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27388437/association-between-trauma-and-socioeconomic-deprivation-a-registry-based-scotland-wide-retrospective-cohort-study-of-9-238-patients
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Alasdair R Corfield, Danny F MacKay, Jill P Pell
BACKGROUND: Trauma remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the UK and throughout the world. Socioeconomic deprivation has been linked with many types of ill-health and previous studies have shown an association with injury in other parts of the world. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between socioeconomic deprivation and trauma incidence and case-fatality in Scotland. METHODS: The study included nine thousand two hundred and thirty eight patients attending Emergency Departments following trauma across Scotland in 2011-12...
July 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27375316/factors-affecting-morbidity-in-solid-organ-injuries
#18
Serdar Baygeldi, Oktay Karakose, Kazım Caglar Özcelik, Hüseyin Pülat, Sedat Damar, Hüseyin Eken, İsmail Zihni, Alpaslan Fedai Çalta, Bilsel Baç
Background and Aim. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of demographic characteristics, biochemical parameters, amount of blood transfusion, and trauma scores on morbidity in patients with solid organ injury following trauma. Material and Method. One hundred nine patients with solid organ injury due to abdominal trauma during January 2005 and October 2015 were examined retrospectively in the General Surgery Department of Dicle University Medical Faculty. Patients' age, gender, trauma interval time, vital status (heart rate, arterial tension, and respiratory rate), hematocrit (HCT) value, serum area aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) values, presence of free abdominal fluid in USG, trauma mechanism, extra-abdominal system injuries, injured solid organs and their number, degree of injury in abdominal CT, number of blood transfusions, duration of hospital stay, time of operation (for those undergoing operation), trauma scores (ISS, RTS, Glasgow coma scale, and TRISS), and causes of morbidity and mortality were examined...
2016: Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343135/survival-prediction-algorithms-miss-significant-opportunities-for-improvement-if-used-for-case-selection-in-trauma-quality-improvement-programs
#19
Catherine Heim, Elaine Cole, Anita West, Nigel Tai, Karim Brohi
BACKGROUND: Quality improvement (QI) programs have shown to reduce preventable mortality in trauma care. Detailed review of all trauma deaths is a time and resource consuming process and calculated probability of survival (Ps) has been proposed as audit filter. Review is limited on deaths that were 'expected to survive'. However no Ps-based algorithm has been validated and no study has examined elements of preventability associated with deaths classified as 'expected'. The objective of this study was to examine whether trauma performance review can be streamlined using existing mortality prediction tools without missing important areas for improvement...
September 2016: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27290449/validation-of-the-probability-of-survival-using-the-triss-methodology-in-the-spanish-trauma-icu-registry-retrauci
#20
M Chico-Fernández, M Sánchez-Casado, F Alberdi-Odriozola, F Guerrero-López, M D Mayor-García, J Egea-Guerrero, J F Fernández-Ortega, A Bueno-González, J González-Robledo, L Servià-Goixart, J Roldán-Ramírez, Má Ballesteros-Sanz, E Tejerina-Álvarez, J A Llompart-Pou
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
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