Read by QxMD icon Read


Oren Schwartz, Boris Kanevsky, M A J Sergey Kutikov, Cara H Olsen, Israel Dudkiewicz
Introduction: Attrition from training is associated with substantial financial and personnel loss. There is a plethora of medical literature and research of attrition rates related to initial/phase 1 training (basic combat training); however, the analysis of second phase training (commanders training, consisting of schools that qualify junior commanders and officers for infantry and non-infantry combat units) is limited. The purpose of this study is to perform a comprehensive survey regarding to medical attrition from commanders training in the IDF (Israeli Defense Forces) in order to present the commanders of the IDF a detailed situation report that will serve as an evidence-based platform for future policy planning and implementation...
March 14, 2018: Military Medicine
Shelley HuaLei Zhang, Stephan E Maier, Lawrence P Panych
PURPOSE: Magnetic resonance spectroscopic imaging (MRSI), under low-spatial resolution settings, often suffers signal contamination from neighboring voxels due to ringing artifacts. Spatial localization can be improved by constraining the point-spread-function (PSF). Here the effectiveness of the two-dimensional PSF-Choice technique in providing improved spatial localization for MRSI is demonstrated. THEORY AND METHODS: The PSF-Choice technique constrains the PSF to a desired shape by manipulating the weighting of RF excitation pulse throughout phase-encode steps...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Magnetic Resonance
Danny Mangual, Luis A Bisbal-Matos, Ricardo Jiménez-Lee, Román Vélez, Miguel Noy
The case of a 27-year-old Hispanic female who presented with an occipito-parietal tumor after suffering trauma to the area. A physical examination revealed no tenderness to palpation and with evidence of healing ulcerations. The biopsy was consistent with a synovial sarcoma. A wide excision of the mass (15cm x 14cm x 6cm) followed by a pericranial flap was performed. A follow-up CT showed recurrence involving the parietal sagittal sinus. After a second biopsy the mass was determined to be a small-cell sarcoma, consistent with Ewing's sarcoma...
March 2018: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Yumi Lee, Sang Hwa Song, Taesu Cheong
In this paper, we examine a real-world case related to the consumer product supply chain to analyze the value of supply chain coordination under the condition of moral hazard. Because of the characteristics of a buyback contract scheme employed in the supply chain, the supplier company's sales department encourages retailers to order more inventory to meet their sales target, whereas retailers pay less attention to their inventory level and leftovers at the end of the season. This condition induces moral hazard problems in the operation of the supply chain, as suppliers suffer from huge returns of leftover inventory...
2018: PloS One
Antony T Vincent, Steve J Charette, Jean Barbeau
The Gram-negative bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa is found in several habitats, both natural and human-made, and is particularly known for its recurrent presence as a pathogen in the lungs of patients suffering from cystic fibrosis, a genetic disease. Given its clinical importance, several major studies have investigated the genomic adaptation of P. aeruginosa in lungs and its transition as acute infections become chronic. However, our knowledge about the diversity and adaptation of the P. aeruginosa genome to non-clinical environments is still fragmentary, in part due to the lack of accurate reference genomes of strains from the numerous environments colonized by the bacterium...
March 16, 2018: Genome Génome / Conseil National de Recherches Canada
Trpimir Jakovina, Maja Crnković Batista, Andrea RaŽić Pavičić, Iva Žurić Jakovina, Ivan Begovac
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to examine whether there is a difference in the dimensions of attachment and difference in emotional regulation between the group of female patients suffering from bulimia nervosa (BN) and the control group. We also wanted to examine whether emotional regulation has a mediating role in the relationship between dimensions of attachment and severity of BN symptoms. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included a total of 100 female participants from 15 to 25 years of age (M=20...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Alexander Sumich, Anthony Harris, Thomas Whitford, Daniel Hermens, Nadja Heym, John Anderson, Claire Bloxsom, Fraenze Kibowski, Veena Kumari
OBJECTIVE: Right frontal function, as indicated by the N200 component of the event-related potential during target detection, has previously been associated with excitement (excitement, impulsivity, hostility, uncooperativeness) in men with a long-term diagnosis of schizophrenia. The current study investigated excitement in relation to N200 in men who had recently experienced their first episode of psychosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Twenty men who had recently suffered their first psychotic episode underwent a clinical interview and auditory oddball task...
March 2018: Psychiatria Danubina
Loïc Peter, Marcel Tella-Amo, Dzhoshkun Ismail Shakir, George Attilakos, Ruwan Wimalasundera, Jan Deprest, Sébastien Ourselin, Tom Vercauteren
PURPOSE: The standard clinical treatment of Twin-to-Twin transfusion syndrome consists in the photo-coagulation of undesired anastomoses located on the placenta which are responsible to a blood transfer between the two twins. While being the standard of care procedure, fetoscopy suffers from a limited field-of-view of the placenta resulting in missed anastomoses. To facilitate the task of the clinician, building a global map of the placenta providing a larger overview of the vascular network is highly desired...
March 15, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Shohei Morikawa, Yoshifumi Okamoto, Fumiki Okamoto, Naoki Inomoto, Hiroto Ishikawa, Kozo Harimoto, Tetsuo Ueda, Taiji Sakamoto, Tetsuro Oshika
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and visual outcomes in patients with fall-related open globe injuries and to evaluate differences between fall-related and non-fall-related open globe injuries in Japan. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients with open globe injury who presented to Japan-Clinical Research of Study (J-CREST) hospitals between 2005 and 2015 was enrolled. Clinical information including age, sex, initial visual acuity, final visual acuity, type of injury, status of the crystalline lens, zone of injury, wound length, presence of retinal detachment, proliferative vitreoretinopathy, expulsive hemorrhage, and endophthalmitis was recorded...
March 15, 2018: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Lenette M Jones, Kathy D Wright, McKenzie K Wallace, Tiffany Veinot
Nearly half of African-American women have hypertension, which increases their risk for cardiovascular disease and stroke. A plethora of consumer health information products and services exist to inform people with hypertension and to promote self-management among them. Promotion of information sharing by African-American women represents a promising, culturally-applicable strategy for consumer health information services focused on hypertension self-management. Yet, how African-American women share hypertension information with others is unclear...
January 2018: Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology
Louise Kruse Jensen, Nicole Lind Henriksen, Thomas Bjarnsholt, Kasper Nørskov Kragh, Henrik Elvang Jensen
Aim: Visualization of Staphylococcus aureus biofilm using histochemical staining and combined histochemistry (HC) and immunohistochemistry (IHC). Methods: The ability of S. aureus S54F9 to form biofilm was tested in vitro . Hereafter, infected bone tissue was collected from two different porcine models of osteomyelitis inoculated with S. aureus strain S54F9. The infection time was five and fifteen days, respectively. Twenty-five different histochemical staining protocols were tested in order to find the stains that could identify extracellular biofilm matrix...
2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Infection
Peter Steffen, Hannes Hofbauer, Michael Noll-Hussong
Chronic pain is a major problem of public health, and patients seek manifold forms of help to find relief. Here we present and discuss the case of a middle-aged woman suffering from mental disorders who treated her headache with the self-application of bee stings on her back.
January 13, 2018: Curēus
Luc V C Brun, Jean Jacques Roux, Ghislain E Sopoh, Julia Aguiar, Miriam Eddyani, Wayne M Meyers, Dirk Stubbe, Marie T Akele Akpo, Françoise Portaels, Bouke C de Jong
Background: Basidiobolomycosis is a rare subcutaneous mycosis, which can be mistaken for several other diseases, such as soft tissue tumors, lymphoma, or Buruli ulcer in the preulcerative stage. Microbiological confirmation by PCR for Basidiobolus ranarum and culture yield the most specific diagnosis, yet they are not widely available in endemic areas and with varying sensitivity. A combination of histopathological findings, namely, granulomatous inflammation with giant cells, septate hyphal fragments, and the Splendore-Hoeppli phenomenon, can confirm basidiobolomycosis in patients presenting with painless, hard induration of soft tissue...
2018: Case Reports in Pathology
Maria Sunseri, Tania Ahuja, Tanya Wilcox, David Green
Unfractionated heparin and low-molecular-weight heparins are commonly used as thromboprophylaxis for hospitalized patients. Though generally considered safe at prophylactic doses, cases of catastrophic hemorrhage have been reported. The proposed mechanism involves bioaccumulation of heparin through saturation of the rapid-elimination pathway in its metabolism. We present an unusual case of an average-weight man with metastatic melanoma who suffered hemorrhage with syncope and end-organ damage while on prophylactic three times daily unfractionated heparin...
2018: Case Reports in Hematology
Sofie Vandormael, Alexander Meirschaert, Jan Steyaert, Jan De Lepeleire
For our master thesis in medicine, we aimed to determine how many deaths were caused by and with dementia in 2014 and we compared our results with figures from abroad. The mortality rates of 2014 in Flanders were used to determine the amount of deaths related to dementia. These figures are collected by Vlaams Agentschap Zorg & Gezondheid (VAZG) and coded per ICD-10 classification. Of all deaths in Flanders in 2014, 6.60% were caused by dementia and 4.29% were caused by another condition, while also suffering from dementia...
2018: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
Hannah Maier, Saskia Helm, Sermin Toto, Nicole Moschny, Wolfgang Sperling, Thomas Hillemacher, Kai G Kahl, Ewgeni Jakubovski, Stefan Bleich, Helge Frieling, Alexandra Neyazi
Background: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is one of the most effective treatment options for refractory depressed patients. To date, there are only a few predictors of response. Aim: The aim was to identify predictive biomarkers of remission to ECT on a molecular level. Methods: 11 patients suffering from a major depressive episode-according to the Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV)-underwent 10 ECT sessions...
2018: Disease Markers
Lin Shen, Yinghua Wu, Liang Han, Haiying Zhang
Low back pain (LBP) is one of the most common musculoskeletal diseases in the world. The incidence is ~70% in adults and many of them suffer from disability. Recently, intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD) has been deemed as a main cause of LBP. The present study aimed to investigate the potentials of growth and differentiation factor-5 (GDF-5) in IDD. The protein levels of prostaglandin-E2 (PGE2), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-1β in culture medium were evaluated by ELISA. mRNA and protein expression levels in nucleus pulposus (NP) cells were evaluated by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blotting, respectively...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Kelli N O'Laughlin, Shada A Rouhani, Julius Kasozi, Kelsy E Greenwald, Nicholas R Perkons, Zikama M Faustin, Ingrid V Bassett, Norma C Ware
Background: Refugees living with HIV in sub-Saharan Africa suffer unique hardships that may increase their vulnerability to interruptions in antiretroviral therapy (ART). Methods: To investigate refugees' experiences adhering to ART, we conducted inperson interviews with refugees on ART ( n  = 73) and HIV clinic staff ( n  = 4) in Nakivale Refugee Settlement in southwest Uganda from March to July 2011. Three analysts used a conventional content analysis approach to evaluate these data...
2018: Conflict and Health
Deed E Harrison, Paul A Oakley, Joseph W Betz
[Purpose] To present the case of the dramatic reduction in pain, disability, and neurologic symptoms following the reduction of forward head translation and increased cervical curvature in a patient suffering from post-surgical radiculopathy. [Subject and Methods] A 52-year-old male mechanic presented with chronic neck pain, unilateral paresthesia along the C5 and C6 dermatome distributions and diminished unilateral grip strength for 12 years following a C5-C6 cervical discectomy and fusion. Outcome measures included the neck disability index, the numerical pain rating scale, and the Zebris cervical range of motion system...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Miles O Fortner, Paul A Oakley, Deed E Harrison
[Purpose] To present the case of the non-surgical restoration of cervical lordosis in a patient suffering from chronic whiplash syndrome including chronic neck pain and daily headaches resulting from previous whiplash. [Subject and Methods] A 31 year old female presented with a chief complaint of chronic neck pain and headaches for 12 years, correlating temporally with a sustained whiplash. These symptoms were not significantly relieved by previous chiropractic spinal manipulative therapy. The patient had cervical hypolordosis and was treated with Chiropractic BioPhysics® protocol including extension exercises, manual adjustments and cervical extension traction designed to increase the cervical lordosis...
February 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"